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And TEACHERS' GUIDE

NEW YORK, JANUARY, 1883.

Vol. VII.— No. 1.

Lessons in Practical Writing.

Ni). VIII

Bv Hkkky C. Spencer.

0«pyTigli'«l, Jauiuuy, 1663. by Spflnw

luk. Correct piiaition of snns Bod hands.

a movemcut exercise, which
may 1)0 prirfitiiblj traced lightly, with the
liry pt'U, anil thea practiced freely with ink,
forming atii! juioiDg the letters throughout
the combitiatioQ with combined tnovemeot
and inaltieg the cotnpound sweeps left and
right with forearm movement. Put vim
iiitii this exercise, and continue until ynu can
f.vecme it easily and well. Observe that the
loops are tlie same in width as the small o's,
and On the same slant.

Copy 2 requires study be'fore practice.
Ruled slant lines upon the page, and head-
lines, each an i-space above the base- line, will
assist in securiug correct slant and hight.
Again, study the relation between short and
extended letters: See how the first and se-
cond strokes of t and its dot, apply in j;
how the tliird, fourth and tifth strokes in n
form also the first part of y; how the first
four strokes of a a|>ply in r/; how the first
and second strokes of « apply in e and the
0, lengtlicned to 2* spaces, forms the lower
half of /. Also, see in the monogram how
all extended letters, both above and below
the ruleil line, depend upon the loop as their
principal stem. OI>serve that > has no shade,
that y, g, i and / are each sUghtly shaded
on theirsecond strokes. Make all the strokes
of the letters with prompt movements,
watched by a critical eye quick to detect
fault! ■ ■ ■
the 1.

right, c

fault most

■ loop letters is, slanting the loop

■ If, as is often the case, this fault
iult of turning the hand o"er to the

>r, because the third and fourth fin-
gers are not drawn hack under the middle
of the hand away from the first and second
fingers, to allow them unobstructed play in
making descending strokes, the only remedy
is to correct the position— to thus remove
the cause of the defect.

Copy .3, gives word-practice on the let-
ters just taught. Other words giving such
practice may also be written. Such words
as the following : jusl, justitx ; yours truly;
faith, faithful; amaie, amazing; good,
goodness, etc.

Bo careful that you do not make yonr
loops too long

which is a serious fault, one that gives writ-
ing a confused, tangled appearance.

Copy 4 teaches figures, signs and punc-
tuation marks:

The figures are of even greater import-
ance than the letters, because they are so
often employed to show important results.
They should always be unmistakable. If
a letter in a word is uncertain, its character
may be determined by its connection; but
It is not so with figures— they are independ-
ent characters.

The figure 1, if commenced on the left
with a short oblique stroke, aa is often seen,
is liable to be mistaken for a seven or a
nine; and a naught, 0, made with its right
side shortened, is liable to be mistaken for

The copy shows all the figures, except
the six, to be one and one- half times the
i-space in hight. It shows the six to he
half a space higher, and the seven and nine
to be half a space longer below the base line.

Analyze the figures naming their con-
stituent elements— the straight line, right
curve, and left curve; also, study forms and
proportions, and observe that each has a

Learning to make the figures correctly
may be greatly facilitated by placing trans-
parent-paper or tracing-linen over the copy
and writing upon that, guided by the cor-
forms beneath. Then the pupil may
the figures upon his transparent-paper
away from the copy, and correct by placing
them over the copy, and amending them to

Copy 5. The Pioures in Squahes.
Practice in writing the figures in squares

j has h?en found excellent for the purpose of
securing proper hight, spacing, and vertical
columns. Draw a square four medium ruled
spaces in hight, which is just one and one-
half inches. Be careful to have the four

sides equal. Divide the square by vertical
and horizcmtal lines into fourths, then into
sixteenths, then into sixty-fourths, accord-
ing to model. With pen and ink write in
the figures like the copy. The bight of all,
except the six, should be three-fourths the
hight of the squares. The six should be
the full hight of a square, and the seven and
nine extend below base line one-fourth of a
square.

Copy 6. Letters Simplified
save time is to lengthen life," some
truly said. In this copy we show how the
labor of writing may be materially dimin-
ished and much valuable time saved to the
writer. This is done, mainly, by omitting
the first upward stroke in upper loop letters,
and in other letters that have top angular
joinings at the beginning of words, as in a
l>, c, d, f, g, h, i, j, k, I, 0, p, t, u, w ; alsoi
by omitting the last curve from lower loop
letters occurring at the end of words, and

'^y-^^'^^y^/^^-t^yi^y^^^^ytn

3'i C 170143 embracing lo

Mind 2oqp crosEmgs
^> C Hie Fi^uioE

from short letters where their essential char-
acter ia not affected thereby, as in /, g, o, s,
y, z, final in copy.

The final d in and, r in her, p in peep, t
in tint, in copy, are modified in form to ae-
curA greater simplicity. In the figures a
saving of strokes is made in the 3, 3, 5, 7;
and S is somewhat simplified by beginning
with a shorter left curve, descending and
completing with the usual compound curve.

Thus you have, in a nutshell, the method
by which time and labor can be readily
saved iu wriliug the small letters and figures.

Study and practice will soon put you in
possession of the art thus simplified.

In lessoDs to follow we shall teach the
capitals.

The Scrap-Boo k.

Bv A. Sherjian.
Yes, my son, it is possible in almost
every case to judge correctly ol a penman's
ability from a single page of his work, for a
master-hand in tiny dt-parlment of art will
show itself iu its m'ery pruductiou. Through
one combination of simple colors, one fin-
ished period, one burst of melody, glows
the genius of u great painter, orator or mu-
sician. Our opibioos are not formed en-
tirely from the merit of the effort itself, but
also from an invisible something in even the
least work of a master, which seems to say,
"The power that made me was not ex-
hausted in my production, but is capable' of
infinitely more than yuu see in me." This
is an indication of what is called reserved
power, and it is always shown in real works

We see this clearly illustrated in the art
of penmanship: for the penman whose work
does not iudicato that he has skill and power
in reserve will not be accounted great j and
such a one is he who prepared the speci-
men on the first page of your scrap-book.
It is prepared, in the fullest sense of the
word, like too mauy specimens, till it has
lost the beauty that is the result of ease and
freedom. We, perhaps, might have for-
given him fur prcsentiug so meagre a va-
riety of capitals and so few loop letters, if
he had not attempted to improve what he
the lines, and tinishiug it generally. He has
yet to learn that it is the highest art to con-
ceal art, and that no matter how great the
productioD, half the charm is lost if it seems
to cost an effort.

But here are a few lines from a penman
who mixes brains with bis iuk, and work
with his genius, till every letter that flows
from his pen ia the euibodiment of grace and
beauty, and every word on his pages seems
not only proud of itself, but happy that it
should be born in such good company.
With what ease it all appears to have been
done ; but that ease is the result of hard and
/^ ' patient study.

■ they

/^ ; .^^e^,^. ^Vz^^.^^- ^a^j^. .Ji^A^

-.<^^y.

'U^^'

well-
and long
tinued ef
But little

that li

ten by one

Yes, it ia

to believe vastly more is possible. Diiplay-
lioei are few, axul \$o aptly used and perfectly
mnde that they eeeui a Dcccasary part.
Every atroko on the page indicates reserved
power; aod wo8ay,aliiiii9i
can dn even better ibao this.

The next Bpeciuien was wri
of the "movement" penmen,
written with remarkable frcedi
freedom is ita principal and only noteworthy
characteristic. These penmen take more
pride io the manner in which ihey execute,
than they do in the work ilseU; coDscqnent-
ly. they are faiiious only to those who see
them write. One common feature in tlie
work of these penmen is the iadiacriminate
cuaQeeiinp of any or all capital letters, and
they might he properly called the Capital-
Connectors. If they had chargo of the
cbristeniog of mankind, wo would all have
at least six initials to our names, that they
might show their maiveluus skill by writing
them all without once taking up the peu,
and even after they had tiuished the eixtii
letter their pens would slill go swooping on,
seeking new worlds to coiKiuer. In this
specimen, my son, your name is written in a
wonderful manner. See the billowy waving
lines surrounding that unpretentious little S,
and what au effort the G is making to climb
up on the back of that great spreading C,
whoso encircling arm entirely surrounds tlie
microscopical siliall letters of the euruHme.
It is a marked pt'culiarity of the Capital-
Connectors, that with the most colossal
capitals tliey always use the tiniest
email letters.

That " Dear Sir" is a study, a be-
wildering study; for it is so thoroughly
connected aud skillfully wrillou that it
has almost lust its ideutity ; but in the

signatun

. tht

id culm

udbplurgoofall. At first
sight the rolling, mazy mass fairly
makes one dizity, and il is only by pa-
tient ell'ort that the tangled lines can
them; but it was written, small letters
aud all, without taking up the pen, and,
stranger slill, like space in which the
plaaeta revolve, it has, apparently, no
begiuniug nor no end. Yes, all good
penmen connect capitals to a certain
extent, but only those letters whose
form permits an easy, a graceful join-
ing. The Capital-Couuectiug Period
in the life of a penman is aualogous to
the Hair Od Period iu the life of a
man ; sometlnug to be expected, the '
result of which is serious only when !
the attack becomes chronic.

My sun, remember this : he ia ao- j
cuuulod the greatest speaker who says '~
the most in the fewest wcrds ; aud he is
Hccouuted llio greatest artist who produces
the required etlect with the fewest strokes.
{To be continued.)

Repetition-SkiU.
Br C. il. Peibce, of Keokuk, la. ■

New things attract. Novidty excites curi-
osity. Strange things awukeu ihu imagina-
tion. Wo weary of repetition. No one
loves drudgery. "Pauuliarity breeds cou-
lempl," familiarity also begeta love. We
may see aud admire a thiug iu a moment ;
we may learn a new truth iu a few seconds;
but skill in the use and application of truth
is gained only by familiarity aud repetition.

AU practical truths reiiuiro repetition.
Precept must bo upon precept, liue upon
lino ; hire a little aud there u little. Every
useful lifi) is oue of constant repetition, and
repetition of little things.

If you liko you may call a useful life a
life of drudgtry ; some even call it slavery.
Nothiug is truttr than the old adago : " No
excelleuco without labor." No one ever
ripi'S high iu anything without labor.
"Precept must be upou jirecept." It is a
law of life — of nil lile. Coustaut repetition,
hero a little aud there a little, is the only
way to advance. The idle and careless
cannot rise. The diligent, industrious.

persevering do rise. Great thiogs are ac-
complished little by little, and only so. He
who neglects little things will never attend
to great things. He who wastes pennies
will never save pounds; neglecting dimes
and neglecting dollars are the same in kind.
Do one thing at a time and do that one
thing well, if you want to succeed. Learn
one thing at a time, And learn that one
thing well, if you want to be wise. Do one
thing and do it well, and you have done
something ; try many things and fail iu all,
and you have done nothing. Such doiug
implies repetition. Repetition implies famil-
iarity; and familiarity, that the thing is old,
dry, aud perhaps uninteresting.

Frivolous, idle people want and seek new
things; they do it because they want to be
amused, entertained.

Good teachers repeat often; they teach a
few things and teach them well. They
teach old lessons. An old lesson is dry,
poky, stupid to- the average miud. You
must uot forget that " there is nothing new
under the suti," or above it either as far as

There is no thorough knowledge gained,
no real skill obtained, no growth anywhere
except by repetition-, aud repetition is a sort
of drudgery, a phase of slavi^hness, and
must beget weariness.

The laborer, tlie business man, the artist,
the professional, must each alike repeat and
jepeat the same thing again and again to

in amusemenL-< the same is true. No one
can be an expert at a game without long
aud careful practice.'

Theoretical knowledge is not enough ;
applied knowledge is quite as essential, and
that comes by |)ractice alone. A man may
be a genius, but genius cinnot get on with-
out labor. Genius implies ability ; it may
help to give one inspiration — but to disppuse
with labor, it cannot. Genius shows us the
need of patient, persevering effort; and even
the man with suialler gifts— what might oot
be called genius at all — will oftentimes sur-
pass a real genius or one of greater gifts,
just because he submits to a careful train-
ing, pursues a diligent course of application
and makes good use of the talent he has.

The fact is, that many a man who has the
name of being a genius, is no genius, but
only a careful, diligent, uuremittiug worker.

The man of small gifts has the good
sense to apply hiinielf, aud by application
he succeeds; while the man of greater gifts,
the genius, lacks the good sense to apply
himself, and of course he does and must
fail. Every great man is a great worker.

The reason why an expert can do a
thing easily, quickly and well, is because
he has dooe the same many many times be-
fore.

Study, precept upon precept; thought,
line upon line ; labor, here a little and there
a little, is the only way ever to shine as a
doer of great, good and useful deeds.

Sen, Gaylord on the Situation.
Br W. P. Cooper.

"Well,"«
against the c

returned from

,id Uncle Beo, setting his staff
muter, as he entered the store,
In the clerk, "I have just
) that commercial

olle,

the

A fin.

The above cut via» photo-engraved ft om copy executed by C N Crandle teaclur of penmanship (
the Western Normal College and Commercial In»titute Bushnell III

know, to understand and have skill in his
calling.

The difference between lh*> ignoramus
and tlie scholar, the amateur and the ex-
pert, is that the one has trained the mind,
the hand, the eye, the oar, each and every
faculty of the body, or some one particular
gift, by long continued practice, till the
thiug done once has by repetition become
second nature, a pun and parcel of himself,
and reppiition has made the whole thing
easy aud natural.

Why is one man skilled, au expert in
business, at a given kind of labor, or some
artistic handicraft t Just because he begins
at the bottom, learns thoroughly by careful
repetition each little thing, and by con-
liuued, perspveriug repetition gains skill in
application aud manipulation.

Another man may know just as much,
but he is not an expert; and he is not, just
because he lacks experience, training, the
skill that comes only by practice.

What makes one man a scholar and an-
other man not oue t It ia not knowledge.
It is a long-continued, careful training
of the percepiive and reasoning faculties
until one can see quickly, see correctly, com-
pare accurately and judge with precision.
The scholar has a well- trained set of men-
tal faculties, white the man of knowledge
has only a brain crammed with ideas. One
is an expert, the other an amateur. Even

sily and well, is by
i by long-continued

ourselves, working
character.

Great souls feel the need and know the
value of labor, so do not dispense with it.
Small souls do not appreciate the need and
value of labor, of close and careful applica-
tion, so they fail and must fail. Dull, dry,
poky as routine may be, it is withal a
necessity.

Our nature is such, and the world we live
in is such that the only road to knowledge,
to skill, to be an artist in anything, to do
anything really good, ea

practice, is by making i
by making it a part of
and weaving it i

Practice makes the thiug instructive;
hard at first, it becomes easy by repetition.

After a while we go straight and do the
right thing, iu the right time, in the right
way, just because it is hard uot to do so.

There are not many great things for any
of us to do in a lifetime, but there are many
little things to be done.

We may learn the truth in a moment,
but with patience, through weariness, by
many repetitions we get skill in execution.-

The crowning effort will greet you, not
because attention was paid to any oue thing,
but because you were sharp and sm^rt
enough to blend everything into one bar-
whole.

Sample cepies of the Jodbnal, 10 <

upon the whole— a fine concern that. Th<i8e
professors are well qualified, energetic and
efficient. They evidently understand every-
uo pains to put their pupils ahead, and
they," said Uucle Ben, emphasizing the word
they, "sir, themselves work early aud late.
They deserve encouragement and something
more — they should reach success. But in
this as other businesses, there are ditQcultiee
in the way, difficulties, perplexities, obstruc-
tions. Yes, pir, I have looked about; I
think I comprehend the situation."

"There are grand fellows at some or
those desks : noble fellows ; I could pick out
chaps worth their weight in gold in any
office, any counting-room — sharp, quick,
critical and correct." " Yes, sir," repeated
Uncle Ben, iu a voice' loaded with terrible
emphasis: "They are critical, temperate,
reliable and correct- That is the sort want-
ed here, there, everywhere. Those fellows
need no urging ; they are on hand at eight
in the morning. They leave when the halls
close, aud not before. Not a note, principle,
paragraph, explanation, o'* suggestion es-
capes them. If they crowd their teachers
I a little with business, they treat these
masters with the most profound respect.
They know their value to themselves,
aud they have faith in their words."
■| "But in that school there are other
fellows — other fellows of quite another
sort; iu fact, many sorts. They are not
from any special craft or quarter. They
hail from all localities. These young
men are, first of all, our countrymen —
Americans to the manner born. They
have health, muscle, physical stamina,
brains, quick eyes aod ready ear."*, and
plenty of means ; but they want back-
bone, steadfast energy and firmness of
purpose. They require urging, need
watching, long for flattery, ask too many
graces, beg too many privileges, fag the
professors with repeated importunities
too often, and, most of all, they lack
attention, perseverance and application.
They abound too much in fits aud starts,
in stops, absences and rests. Some of
these fellows are spoiled boys, loaded
with the pernicious fancies, whims, cap-
rices of princely names."

"Or, they have rocked ofl' the golden
days of many seasons iu the well-feath-
ered aud watlded cradles of Hamilton, Yale,
or other princely endowed institutions. These
are not all alike, are not all affected in the
same way. They till up the benches, but are
poor stock. The windows are too near their
desks. They see too much of the outside
of the college, too many pretty faces, fast
horses, gay equipages, fine fancy articles of
dress, etc., etc. Their minds are absorbed
with foreign matters, (rifies, fictions, stale
and unprofitable trash. All of these draw-
backs are not the fault of the original mate-
rial, but they are the unhappy drawbacks
of accident— of national, local aud home
foolishness and nousense. I say it is a great
pity that all of this sort of college stock
could not be revivified and converted to use."
"This thiug is possible. I wish," said
Uncle Ben, after a moment's pause, "I wish
that I could reach the capable cars of all
of these fellows myself, a few times. I be-
lieve that I could impress their really bright
minds, naturally, with the true status of the
situation. I shimid love to welcome them
to a place in the front line. Indeed, I have
in my life given the light hand of fellow-
ship to a great many of these very fellows,
after all drawbacks. The college is a good
thing, aud I heartily wish it success, and I
am ready to help aud encourage these en-
terprises on as I have in the past. I have
had grand elf iks :rom these very concerns,
and I may want them again."

Robert C. Spencer.

By S. .s. Packard.
It would have bceo the graccfu! and
proper thing for the eldest 8od uf the author
of SpeneeriHo Pecmausliip to have iiihrritcd
and iut<"n9i(ied the pat**rDal qualiliee; tu
have realized, id the work uf his own hands,
the hif^bcr ideals t^i which hia father's genius
pointed. But Robert, though a dutiful son,
and having a proper sense of his derived
jjjreatneBs, dincovered earlj in his career, that
while hi? iDteltcct could grasp the principles
of " pure Spsncerian,'' and his muscles exe-
cute the straiehi lines and fiuives which enter
into giMiiI writing, lie lacked the artistic
ternpcraiiirni, if uot the plodding patience,
necessary lu make a proficient pea-artist.
Hy the tiuie he had arrived at man's estate,
he was a good, strong, plain penman, his
writing possessing a tnrce and character sel-
dom acrpiired at that age, and was
(piiilified to teach the art. At the
age of twenty-three he became as-
sociated with Mr. Rice, as teacher
of penmanship in the public schools
of Uuffiilo, succeeding that gentle-
man as the Superintendent of Writ-
ing. In 1853 he joined Mr. Rice in
a commercial school in BufTulo,
which, the following year, was
merged into the Bryant & Stratton
enterprise, being the second link, as
Cleveland was the first, of the re-
nowned "cliain" of Colleges. In
the Fall nf I85(> he went to Chicago
to assist Mr. Uriah Gregory in hia
attempt to compete with Judge
Digby V. Bell, who for six years
had been building up a vigorous in-
stit'ition in that smart town. About
this time, Mr. Stratton concluded
that a "chain" ..f Nati-.nal Com-
mercial Colleges withitiil a link in
Chicago would bo too much like the
play of IIhii.M with-.iit the Prince
of Denmark, and so began at onco
to move on the enemy's works.
Gregory hr.d conceived the brilliant
idea of placarding Rohert as the
great exponent of Spencerian Pen-
manship. Stratton "saw" the chal-
lenge, and " went one hotter," in the
productinn of the veteran author
hims'lf; and a geuulue biisin,-^s
competition was waged between tli.'
two schools, father and sou b. in-
played against each other, with :tll
the warmth and zest of ihose pin-
noei- days. Finally, the family hni -
mony was restored by the iu.lucii.ui
of Robert into the principalslii]. ■
the Bryant & Stnittou sohoid. J
success of the Chicago ont(i(Mi ■
was iiniuediate aud positive, cmh'

ally absorbing the IWM other srI

In the Fall of I85I), Mr. Spiim r
went to St. Louis, to establish jin-
otlier link of the rapidly lengthen-
iug chain. He remained here for.
four yeare, and finally, in ISli'S, weLt
to Milwaukee, ostablisliing there, in
connecti.m with Bryant & Stratton,
the school of which he is now
proprietor.

During all these many years Mr.
Spencer has been a nu>st faithful
worker in the educational field. Althoueh
bv rho-

not at his service. Of the old Bryant &

and influential member, as also of its suc-
Asenciatiun. of which he was a president.
When the Penman's Convention — subse-
<]uently merged in the Business Educators'
As80'-idti»u of America — held its first ses-
sion in New York. Mr. Spencer was the one
spoken "f for the presidency, but being
absent, Mr. Mayhew of Detroit, was called
to fill ihe chair. At the meeting in Cleve-
land, in 1878, he was mentioned f.-r the
position, but graciously withdrew in favor
of Mr. Peirce, of Philadelphia. In 1870. at
the meeting in Chicago, he was choneu
[resident, which position he held at the
Cinciunati Convention in June last ; and no
one who was present at that convention will
soon forget the signal ability and judicial

Drill — Drill.
By W. p. Cooper.

The columns of the Journal on the sub-
ject of drill have been sufficiently explicit,
but inasmuch as every professor or ama-
teur knows that there is no such thing as
fixing or converting knowledge without
review, if we again urge the consideration
of matters already quite thoroughly discuss-
ed, it will be nothing of surprise to the
craft.

We spoke quite fully, in the December
number, of Stem Capitals and their legiti-
mate drill — muscular movement. We have
said that there are persons who can produce
all capitals, large and small, with whole arm
movement. This power is secured partly
by tenacity of drill, and partly it is reached
through a natural muscular and mechanical
ability possessed by but very few persons.

nd hundred dol-

J that is
getting
sugges-
are told

each oval s
is filled ; s

nd fr.M
ability aud temperament, devoted
specialty of business or commercial edu

the

he has takei

'i<le

interest in general education, aud in phil-
osophical aud humane movements. Dur-
ing a large share of his siyourn in Milwau-
kee he has been an active member of the
Schocd Board. He was also one of the or-
iginal promoters of the Wisconsin Humane
Society, and its first secretary, and has been
president of the Wisconsin Phonological
Society, devoted to the odncalion of deaf
mutes upou the German or articulation

method

Mr. Spencer has always stood well with
iM- workers, and there has been no time in
the hi8t.»ry of business cidlege associations
when the highest posiUons of honor were

fairness « ith which he tiiacharged his duties.
Mr. Spencer is getting to be one of the
*' old fellows," having passed his fifty-third
year, but he does not show it either in per-
sonal looks or in actions or tastes. It is
much easier to call him "Bob" than any-
thing else, and he always responds to the
familiar name with great sweetness aud zest.
His twinkling black eye moves backward
and forward, when in conversation, with the
alertness of thirty years ago, and bis sonor-
ous laugh, when he catches the pidnt of a
joke, is just as infectious as it was before
his bead was so bald, or it became necessary
for him to look at the worid through eye-

^ Now is the time to subscribe for the
Journal, and begin with the year and new
volume.

Whole arm movement is hard enough to
acquire, hut muscular movement is one hun-
dred per cent, more difficult to fix and con-
vert, and it is worth as much more when
possessed. A right line is easy enough, so
is the left, so is a vertical line, but the stem
curves or stem oval is far harder to get, and
a great deal harder still the direct oval, as
found in 0, E, H, M, D. We may in-
deed get the movement in O alone, quite
sure, "by practice in direct ovals," but in
the shifts in miscellaneous practice it grows
(ar harder to hit. It is very \\ke\y in E the
worst, and iu the old English U the easiest.

We will here say there is such a thing as
getting the ability to produce fixed ; that is,
BO you will never lose the power to produce;
but to get the power to produce the direct oval,
large, medium, or small, and always on the
^•ine and where you please, always, is hard

enough. It is worth a
lars— that is, with hand or musci
ment ; still, to get it is possible, ,
enough ; and further to aid you
this power, wo will give a few mc
tions. You will remember that \
that while practicing ihi'? mo\
rest the arm two or three inches below the
elbow This rest is more properly a semi-
rest or movable rest ; that is, it is not a
fixed and immovable rest at all. You will
observe by trial, that a point uuder the arm
here describes, only on a smaller scale, each
character produced by the pen upon the pa-
per, from first to last.

The exercises furnished, in the past num-
bers of the Journal, to perfect this feature
of the drill, are all good for practice. Here
is a very good one: commence a lino with
0, twice medium size, lap the ovals as you
i-half, reducing a trlile
aecossively until the line
Iso increasing the speed
of motion throughout the line.
Practice this exercise ten or twelve
minutes, repeating the pr.iclico in
other lessons, until you have mas-
tered the drill. Try, after this drill,
the oval in coils, until you produce
the perfect flourish almost every
time. Try the other letters of the
direct movement set, one after an-
other, as a part of each drill, until
these two are all mastered. Then
make up a drill of these and stem
passing from slow to fast and from
large to small, avoiding by all
movements. Having fixed the
forms in the mind, but using no
permanent rest of either arm, or
third and fourth fingers, and using
the wrist on the curves naturally
;ind freely. If in obedience to these
directions, you still repeat the dia-
grams, looking sharply to the cor-
rect structure of characteristics, you
will — that is, if you indulge in no
careless practice — ultimately secure
the power above indicated in its
power which, as
have been often told before, is
t he greatest instrumentality of mod-
irn penmanship.

It would always be well to prao-
'ice certain kiuda of flourishing in
liirect movement, to familiarize and
I prfect this muscular power. One-
halt (f the flourishes in pen-work
tan he better produced by the pen
in the natural, rather than the re-
versed position. A good flourisher
will always use both; both posi-
ti )Ds (f the pen aud every move-
ment direct or reversed.

\ ou will never see the day, write
or flourish as well as you please, in
which you may not he benefited by
Kcurring again and often to drill
['lactice. In all of this practice,
I'liice yourself square front to the
table, h(dd the pen easily and
firmly, place the feet easily and
firmly upon the floor; fortify the
firmness of the body and muscles
ilight and decided support and stay
rest on the left arm, aud bring your whole
moral brain power and ability to the sup-
port of the work. Work to succeed, work
to win, work to improve, correct or perfect
some power, letter or movement. Work
methodically and courageously, and the skill
desired will be and remain yours. But
when yon are tired, stop. When attention
lags, and the mind gets lazy and careless,
critically over these at another time.

We shall if desired to do so, show you in
another number how to force flourishing
into the service of drill, how to ht orna-
ment alone or use it, how to get form, and,
above ali,hciw t<( get that speed aud dispatch
which few possess, but even the educational
b — bugs and business men esteem so highly

h! :

Bat io this eTolatiooarj labor, we ask you
to go Tery ofteu to these other emioeDt roas-
ten. Put up some of Ames'* beet pen sheela
ID your rooms, and as well as borrow from
oth«n, CTMte for yourself.

Writing in Country. Schools.

By G. N. S.
In the December number of the Journal
is an article headed as above, by C. G. Por-
ter. I read his remarlis wilh much interest,
and, being a teacher io a country school and
somewhat intereBted in the art of writing, I
would like to make a few observations on
the same subjuct. Mr. Porter is dissatisfied
with the present condition of our country
schools as regards writing. So am I. He
does not sgrco with the scholar who thinks
if he can write legibly, that is good enough.
I do. Remember, I am epciking of country
schools only. He also says it is not to be
supposed thit a echoul-teacber should be a

pen

Of .

No pen-i

can be found teaching school for \$25 per
month. Hence, the iuipoBsibility of pro-
ductug Sue pcQmen. Siuce, then, the first
degree of proficiency is unsatisfactory, and
the second unattainable, I would like to
know just where Mr. Porter thinks the line
should be drawn. How good a penman
should we look for in such cases! I think
the student may consider himself very for-
tunate if he can learn to wriie a rapid legi-
ble hand. My reasons fur thinkiDg so are
these: Jiret, the desks in our schoolhouses
are so narrow aud of such improper heights
that it is with ditliculty a good ]>enman can
write on them. Position is simply out of
the queeliuo, especially for the student, who
knuws nuihiug about it. Second. These
schools are made up of scholars who have
always been used to doing heavy manual
labor. I ask if it is possible to train the
muscles of the wood-chopper or fence-
builder to do anything beyond plain writing,
if that, in three or four montlis' time. Ex-
perience and reason say not. Third. Sup-
pose a teacher devote tliirty minutes each
day to the wriliDg-leeson. This is as long a
time as be can give — frci^ueutly, longer_
Prof. Peirce tells us one hour a day is insuf-
ficient in business colloKOs lo acquire a hand-
writing suitable fur book-keepiug, in two to
six months' time. What, iheu, can be ex-
pected from half that auiouut of study in a
country school! Fourth. The change of
teachers «illi each term, would of itself dis-
courago many, aud produce poor results. I
agree «iih Mr. Porter, that a higher grade
of pennmusbip should he required in teachers

than exists at present. In this
it wouhl be very appropriate
ship, in place of poumauship.
age teacher can aud does writ
educating our youth for busi
say legibility aud rapidity a
the student should
the art," let him g

country (Mo.)
.0 say scholar-
Yet the avcr-
a better hand
lan. We are
less. Then I
e enough. If
I a great " love for
good bu!

lege, or subscribe for the Penman's Art
Journal, or both. I approve of leaching
correct position, as nearly as possible; peu-
holdiug, and the forms of letters and move-
ment exercises ; but it is useless to expect
very good results. I agr>o with Mr. Porter
that writing is as important as other
branches of study. But it is au art, and
more dUhcult lo learn thau the others, aud
hence we cannot expect the sauio results as
ID them. Ttiero are many things I could
say on this subject, but fear of hocomiug
tiresome and the desire to hear others, fur-
bid. I would like to hear from Mr. Porter
again, as I am only a novice. I am a great
admirer of good ponmauship, and think the
Journal is a perfect gem, aud of inestima-
able value lo the aspiring penman. I take
olber papers on peumauship, but it excels
them all. In addiuon to this, I indorse all
that has been said in its praise by others.

Sample copies of the Jouoka
n raoeipt of price — ten cents.

Autographs.

SiKDd forih purtiayed to 1if«.
Tl)« Antogrnph (peaks for all t

i promUed gain.

TLroogh alage by stage of low or (
OrgaiD. andloM, andclmnge,

■ prlmnl soarce,

I Anger tipa (o pledge

or lovp, or grief, or gold.
> ioiight of prophelio ^iew

lod growth,
nm himgeH—

Autogrnphsliind)

Educational Notes.

[Communicfttions for this Department may
be ftdilrfBued lo B. F. Kelley, 205 Broadway,
New York. Brief educational items solicited.]

Georgia's school population is 507,801.

Edinburgh University has 3,237 students

There are in Atlanta, Ga., four colleges
for colored students.

The moment a man ceases to bo a syste-
matic student, he ceases to be an cfi'cctive
teacher. — Avierican Journal of Education.

The average daily attendance in the pub-
lic schools of New Orleans is 16,142, the
number of pupils, registered being 1U,946.

Hon. John Evans, Ex-Gov. of Colorado,
has given \$40,0U0 to the University of
Denver since the beginning of the enterprise,

Nevttda pays the largest monthly salary
to both male and female public school teach-
ers; the former averaging .\$101 j the latter
\$77.

The Sacramento School Board offer a
who shall wear the cheapest dress on Com-
mencement Day.

The Texas School Fund, which can never
be diverted, now amounts to the magnifi-
cent sum of \$114,000,000, including land
worth \$110,000,000.

At the meeting of the National Pedagogic
Concross of Spain, at Madrid, there were in
attendance 827 male and 50.5 female teach-

The percentage of illiteracy of the native
white population in the Stale of New York,
as given by the bulletin lately issued by the
Census Department, must be considered
quite too utterly ulter, it being 2.2.

Since the war, three men— Peabody, Slater
and Tulane— have given \$5,100,000 for the

promotion of education in the South. The
distribution of these funds is to be almost
equally divided between white and colored.

Dr.Robert Morris, of Kentucky, said that
ID Syria teachers receive ten cents a month
for salary. The schoolhouae is mother
earth ; the pupils are boys only, sitting
cross-legged on the ground. The i-ourse of
instruction consists of learning the Koran
by heart. — The Age.

In Italy during the year 1879, 48 per
cent, of the bridegrooms and 70 per cent, of
the brides were unable to sign their names.
In England, 86 per cent, of the men mar-
ried during that year, and 80 per cent, of
the women were able to sign their name,
but with a large per cent, of these a know-
ledge of writing extended no farther.

In a Chicago school recently the children
were asked to give a sentence wilh the word
"capillary." A little girl wrote : " I sailed
across the ocean in a capillary." When
asked what she meant by that, she turned
to Webster's Dictionary and triumphantly
pointed out this duPinition : "Capillary, a
fine vessel." Further investigation showed
the same blunder. — Detroit Free Press.

But .7 of one per cent, of the uative white
population of Massachusetts, from ten yr-ars
of age and upward, are unable to write.
This is the best showing of any State or
Territory. The per cent, for Alabama is
25.0; Arkansas, 25,5; Georgia, 23 2; North
Carolina, 31.7; Tennessee, 27.8; New Mex-
ico, 64.2; Nevada, M; New Hampshire,
1.1; Connecticut, 1.0; Wyoming, 1.7. Wy-
oming has the smallest percentage of per-
sons who cannot read or write, when the
whole population is considered.

In Syria and Palestine, in 1881, there
were 30 societies or individuals conducting
302 schools ; of which 120 were of the Am.
Pres. Mission, 45 of thn Church Miss. Soc.
of London; 80 British Syrian schools; 10
under Friend Missions. These schools had
7,475 male and 7,I4J> female pupils. In
Beirut alone there were at non- Protestant
schools, 8,183 pupils, of whom 1,250 are in
the Jesuit schools. Of Protestant mission-
aries there are 81 male and 110 female
foreign laborers ; 581 native laborers ;
preaching stations,140; organized churches,
26.

Educational Fancies.

[ In every iuetance where the Bource of any
item used in this d»>partmetit is known, the
proper credit is -given. Alike couriesy from
ulhers will be appreciated.]

Kerosene is bad grammar; you should
say Kero was seen — with her fellow.

Archimedes invented the slang phrase,
" Give us a rest," when he offered to move
the world with bis lever.

An express- wagon driver in Lynn, Mass.,
is master of seven languages. He is evi-
dently ready for his team to balk.

Professor: "How is power applied to
this machine t " Junior : " It is turned by
a crank." Professor: "Just step forward
and illustrate." — Ex.

'Twas but a simple pin on a chair, and
the little boy did grin like a bear when the
teacher took a scat, and in a manner very
lleot fiew several feet in the air.

" Why should you celebrate Washington's
birthday more than mine t " asked a teacher.
"Because he never told a lie !" shouted a
little hoy. —Educational Eeview.

Is anything more stubborn than a muleT
Certainly, for marked as is a muley stub-
bornness, there is a " mulier," and that our
Latin dictionary tells us is a woman.

A Sunday-school teacher asked a pnpil
how many sacraments there were. " There
ain't any more left." " Why, what do you
meant" "WeU, I heard that our sick
neighbor received the last sacrament yester-
day."— .&ea2if« CoUegt JountU.

Professor in Mechanics : "What is the
strongest force in nature t" St"dent: "The
force of habit." Compelled by the same
force, the professor recorded a zero. — Ex.

" My son," said a tutor of doubtful moral-
ity but severe aspect, putting his hand on
the boy's shoulder, "I believe Satan has
got hold of you." " I believe so, too,"
replied the boy.

Master : " What does Condillao say
about brutes in the scale of beinfft"
Scholar: "He says a brute is an imperfect
animal." " And what is a man t " " Man
is a perfect brute." — Ex.

" In what condition was the patriarch Job
at the end of bis life!" asked a Sunday-
school teacher of a quiet-looking boy at the
foot of the class. " Dead," calmly replied
the quiet-looking boy.

" Speaking of shad, would you say the
price has gone up, or has risen T" inquired
a schoolboy of the fishmonger. "Well,"
replied the scale-scraper, " speaking of shad,
I should say it had roes."

Scene in Latin A. — Professor B:
"Conjugate the present subjunctive ol sum."
Student: " Sin, sis — I have forgotten the
third singular." Professor B: "Very well,
sir, you raay sit." — Academy Trio.

Teacher: "John, what are your boots
made off " Boy : " Of leather." " Where
does the leather come from ! " " From the
bide of the ox." " What animal, therefore,
supplies you with boots and gives you meat
toeatf "My father."

A man spends eighteen cents for lager,
ten cents for tobacco, twenty cents for cigars,
fifteen cents for street -car fare, and loses
\$1.50 at poker; he then permits his wife to
purcliase a button-hook for three ceuts, and
figures that her extravagance will ruin him
in three years. What is hia capital!

Said the teacher : " 'And it came to pass,
when the king heard it, that he rent his
clothes.' Now, what does that mean, ray
children — 'he rent his clothes'?" Up
went a little hand. "Well, if you know,
tell us." "Please, ma'am," said the child
timidly, " I s'pose he hired 'em out."

Send Money for the "Journal.'*

Persons desiring a single copy of the
Journal must remit ten cents. No atten-
tion will be given to postal-card requests
for same.

Card for the Public.

To purchase pictures for ho
tation is evidently a commendable thing;
but to always judiciously select is not so
easy, or always possible.

A few chromos, a few steel — say, histori-
cal—engravings, an "oil" picture or two,
as meaus will warrant; to these may be
added, a few portrait- pieces, a home pic-
ture or two, and albums for photos, art
selections, etc.; and, finally, you should not
fail to send for and display, with these se-
lections, a few of D. T. Ames's grand illus-
trations of penmanship.

What shall we commend f Why, first,
the Eagle and the Antelope sheets. These
illustrate flourishing wholly. Then comes
that wonderful gem, the Lord's Prayer, in
Ames's best manner; and then the Centen-
nial card or sheet. All of the above speci-
mens are miracles of art — not equaled in
this line in the Old World at aU. The man-
ner is neither bought, stolen, borrowed, or
imported, but equal it if you can.

You will, having filled the above list,
want more. Their possession will, first of
all, delight yon and your friends; next,
they will force you to improve your pen-
manship, whether you will or not; and,
lastly, they will do all of this without a
sense of either labor, trouble, or expense on

Writing is the one art of which every-
body ihould be a master.

vs: 1 .loi Hvvi

Letter-Writing.

Akticlk I.

By D. T. Ames.

(bought a

while anothpr covered three pages with subject in iXs general aspect, treating upon

awkward, ungrainmatical composition, I those things which are essential to all de-

where half a page properly composed would partinents of letter- wri ling— stuh as the

have eufficed. One touched off his writing | selection of material, 8t)lo of composition,

To be able to write a letter— elegant and
appropriate — in all the numerous depart-
mcDls of correspondence, is a most dcsirahle
and useful acconiplishment to eitber lady or
gentleman. A letter reflects largely the
character and attainmenls of its author.
One slovenly, careless or awkward in hia
writing is very likely to be so in other
thiDg8,while the degree
and quality of his mind
as well as education,

amiability of character,
manifest iu any extend-
ed CO rreapoD donee.

Not only is such an
accomplishment a most
poteot agency for opca-

ment and success iu a
but it is a most pleasing
and fruitful source of
friendly and social en-

with a profusion of flourishes and other
superfluities ; another waited loug for a re-
sponse that could not be given from' his
omission to name the street and number of I
his residence. And so to the end of the j
list, each writer has, through faults of omis- I
sion and commission, or the excellencies of i
hia communication, proved or disproved to
the satisfaction of a would-be employer,
hia capability and fitness to render satis-
factory service, and has accordingly gained '

and method of arrangement of the several
'parts of a letter, superscriptioD, etc., with
proper illi

Among the Seminole Indians there is a
singular tradition regarding the white man's
origin and superiority. They say, when the
three men, all of whom were fair-complex-

joyu

It I

seek the

tsinour daily

paperf", directing appli-
own handwriting, and
by the character of such

plicanls are judged, aud
fairly, we dare say, in

othe!

ual,

fcsE

communications, almost
unerringly, the tdlent,
attainments and general
character of their
authors. Such letters
reveal— jfrsi, as a mat-
ter of observation, the
artistic skill and litera-

ry

of the

writer; secotid, by in-
ference, his general tjiste
aud judgment. The in-
ference is drawn from
all the attendant cir-
cumstances: from the
selection of writing-
material to the super-
audaffisiugof

the

post age -stamp,
there

one hundred Applicants
for a position ; one is
chosen ; just why, he The above h
will not know ; while The wor

ninety-nine will be left
to wonder why their application was u
cessful. Some were bad writers, some
hia lack of good taste and judgmec
selecting a large-sized letter
sheet of paper, which he folded many times
and awkwardly to go Into a very small-sized
envelope, upon which the superscription
was so located as to leave no place for a
postage-stamp upon the upper right-hand
comer, where it should be ; it was therefore
placed at the lower left-hand corner, aud
from force of habit, of course striHeB with
his canceling -stamp upon the envelope
where the poatage-stamp should be, thus
disfiguring the tuperscriplion. Another
wrote, with red ink, a large iprswUng hand ;

veral cuti, prepared at the ojjicc of tJu -Journal," for CtilUcr's •' Cyclopwdla'of Social and Commercial informatio.
of ahout 700 pages of uteful and valuable information,, elegantly pnnted and bound, by P. F. Collier, New York.

was found to contain spades, hoes, and all
the implements of lahor; the second un-
wrapped bunting, fishing, and warlike ap-
paratus ; the third gave the white man pcua,
inks, and paper, the engine of the mind —
the means of mutual, mental improvement,
the social link of humanity, the foundation
of the white man's superiority.

Autographs.
By W. p. Cooper.
We are glad to learn that the matter oi
autographs is beginning to receive a little of
the long needed atten-
tion. In this great and
wonderful country the
time of crosses for
signatures, is nearly
passed. The Greeley
alphabet Is nearly
played out. An ox-
cart and a stone-boat
and a cat- track super-
scription, still here and
there worshiped with
Buddhist devotion, we
hope will soon be
things that were, and
nnt what the present
either tolerates, craves
or needs.

One envelope now
properly backed into
the office. One law-
yer of a Bar, one priest

in a college, one pupil
in a high school, we
can now commend for
properly written docu-
ments, letters, etc.,
etc. A very revolu-
tionary and encourag-
ingcondltlon of things.
Thanks to Father
Spencer, deceased!
thanks to the nationa
of the whole phalanx
of writers and pub-
lishers for this move
time when to write
one's namerespectaWy
would have evoked
banishment. Looking
over carefully and cri-
tically, yet in a Chris-
tian spirit, the array of
names, great and
small, on the registers
aud documents every-

say that there is still
a chance for Improve-
ment, and especially
with the young, the
and the gay. If we
have an arietncracy of
dollars, we also have
one of learning; and
we may or should have
one of art. We should

or failed to gain place and favor.

In view of the great importance of this
subject, and its very intimate relation to
good penmanship, we have deemed it a fit-
ting theme for a series of articles or lessons
in a penman's paper; and especially so in
view of the fact that thousands of this jour-
nal's readers are yet pupils in our public or

[ private schools, and are, therefore, favorably
circumstanced to profit most fully by such a
course. It will be our earnest endeavor to

j render the articles as interesting and practi-
cal as possible. They will be accompanied

I with umnerouB lUustrailons and examples,
photo - engraved from carefully - prepared
pen-and-ink copy, illustrative of every de-
partment of correspondence.

In our next article we shftll preeent the

ioned, and that after making them he led
them to the margin of a small lake and
hade them leap in and wash. One obeyed,
and came out purer and fairer than before;
the second hesitated a moment, during which
time the water, agitated by the first, had
become muddled, and when he bathed, he
came up copper-colored ; the third did not
leap until the water became black with mud,
and he came out with his own color. Then
the Great Spirit laid before them three
packages, and out of pity for hie misfortunes
in color, gave the black man the first choice.
He took hold of each of the packages, and
having felt the weight chose the heaviest ;
the copper - colored man chose the next
heaviest, leaving the white man the lightest.

■ Chlr

When the paokagei

' opened, the first ' leanung

men under proscription, Irish bog-trotters,
Dutch boors and Bohemian tramps, the de-
sired accomplishment of a name without a
letter, and a signature without a shape, and
try ourselves, each and all of us, to have
that mystical combination, the child of our
own handy creative ability, called a name
or sigi ature, tolerably well written.

Penmen now, we see, begin to propose
to teach bj diagram the people, and
especially the young, how to write the
name as well, or nearly as well, as It
should be done. Twenty cenU for a
name, or twenty cents for one thirt-
But hark — neighbor, while learning to write
properly your own name, you are logically

or your frieod'a. Is not this eDcooragiDgt
You are not bd artUt, but you want an au-
tograph aod a i^ood one. You forward your
way of doing tho thing; the master sees at
produce; in ehort, reads you up artistically,
and diviues the very fashion of autograph
you need. lie coDdA one in character, but,"
bu8inp(8-like and pratrtical, he gives you
further — a choice between others. He does
not aim in what ho sends to glorify bimseir,
tasto and yonr correspondent's acumen and
fancy. Ho, themrore, the master, should aim,
in Lis samples, to give you
eal, a busincss-Iilte and a:
that you, in a few evenings, can master and
write anywhere and everywhere, legibly and
well and quickly too; and this is what you

1 signature,

1 this dir

Bt C. n. pKincK, of Keokuk, la.

The exp" "tion of superior work of auy
kind with the pen necessitates a position
that will give the greatest power.

There are many, many minor points to
look after in the execmiou of good writing,
hut all may justly be considered under
" Form," " Poailion," " Movemeut."

Form may be cnimidered under five heads,
viz., "Size." " Shapr," "Slant," "Shad-
ing," " Spacing."

Movement

"Wholcann,"

" Forearro," " Finger,"

" Ciiinhination.'

" Position gi

C8 power," if it is propprly

taken. Practice

makes perfect if it be in-

tolligent. The

fa havo it the greater part

of the time, ht

wever, and so reduce the

Btntomonts almost to utter nolhiiigness.
You caunol get the desiied power in any of
the many many incorrect positions. You
winnni imiirove your writing by incessaot
practice, if it bo not of that intelligence
Tliero is but one right way to inany many
wrong ones ; and left to your own selection,
without the proper judgment or intelligence,
you invariably fall into the wrong way.

Position is only one of the essentials to
good writing, but, as such, " must weigh in
the balance and not be found wanting. "

Position: Wholearm Movement. let.
Of the person— body; feet; arms; hands;
lingers ; wrists. 2d. At desk or table, sit-
ting or standing— Front; Right; Right
Oblique ; Left Oblique, ad. Of Pen. 4th.
Of Paper.

Positio

. Mo'

Position : Finger Moveuient.

Positiou: Combination Movement.

The Bpino should be kept straieht— not
vortical— and, as the support of the body,
must bo permitted to bend but slightly,
OS the groattr the curvature the weaker
must be the positiou. Another serious ob-
jecliou is, the shoulders aro thrown forward,
contracting the chest, which in time will
produce disease.

The position for the execution of pro-
grammes " B " and " E " h not necessarily
the same as " A," " C " and " D." In
other wonls the position for forearm is not
necessarily the same as wholearm. They
may bo the same without any serious iu-
conveuieuce, but to say that they must be
the same would not be in keeping with the

A good position of tho body ; wholearm
is not the same with different perfons, and
not necessarily the same with any indi-
vidual; i. e., good work may bo done
wholearm with tho btidy varying in iuclina-
«ion fnim forty-five to eighty-fh-o degrees
from perpendicular, the diflerence iu execu-
tion not being perceptible. AVhile this can
bo done, I would charge all amateurs to
strike a happy medium uuiilgood work
is established, then vibrate to suit your

A good position for tho feet is to have the
kft foot in tJie general direction of Uie body,

a little forward, with the right thrown on the
right of chair with the heel resting on the
lower rung, thus ginng a very great sup-
port to the Bpiue. If a desk or sto'd is used,
merely have the right foot under the body.
When desirable, the feet can change posi-
tion, which always gives rest. Unless
something of this kind is done, the weight
of the body upon the spine will give pain
across the small of the back. Observe
book-keepers, and you will readily see that
my theory is well-founded, because they in-
variably do like the Dutchman's heu— sit

Thi'* I term a live position, because the
feet are plaeed so as to give the student tho
greatest possible power thus producing
work with dash grace and

The position of the arm and forearm
should always form an acute angle — pos-
sibly a right— and should rest within easy
distance from the body. I caution amateurs
not to get either arm too far from the body,
and by a}! means keep the forearm on a
level, and not with the elbow ntised in air,
as is generally the case.

The bandit should turn a little outward
— at least it appears 8<> — and keep the side
of hand next the b tdy straight with fore

add very materially in giving a smooth

stroke — and the general direction of paper,
a little to the right of a straight line with
the right forearm, and not straight with the
forearm.

The position for finger movement should
be erect, but by no means necessary iu order
to produce good results. This is the child's
first power, and has been treated at length
in October Journal, 1881.

In tlie position for Forearm and Combi-
nation movements the body must assume a
more erect carringe than for wholearm, in
order to allow the muscles of the forearm to
move with that ease consistent with good
results The hi it results are secured with
the greatest ease and do not forget that
friction IB a primiple of ii

in original pen-and-ink dtaign (gSxSS). executed at the office of tlui "Journal." Capita have
been finely pnnted (ISxSS, and 11x14) on BriBtol-hoard. and the smaller size on bond paper, for folding. A copy w
'jiven, free, as a premium with (he "Journal." Price o/ larye size, by mail. bO centt ; small size, So cent^.
Sen^ for Agent's Circular.

indicative of character. Besides, the arm,
swinging as it does from the shoulder— with
that speed necessary to produce a smooth
yet firm stroke in case of shade— the body
must be braced, as docs any machine, while
this action is going on, else a waver or a
move ot tiie shoulder must change the centre'
of motion and thereby produce a variety of
inc«>rrect results.

A good set of capitals, or any other work
of like character, cannot be executed while
miug a dead position. The muscles of
entire body must be tensioned a little or
the work wUl show a Himsioess too commun
among many of the so-called results.

Sit as though yoii meaQt busiuan, j

Remark. The fingers considered with
pen-holding.

The wrists are properly kept straight
with the forearm and not allowed to drop

As to position at de-sk, I would recom-
mend the front fur sitting, at least until you
get some tangible results, and the left
oblique for standing. See article, August
Journal, 1881.

The pen is held as per instructions in the
" Pierceriau " System of Penmanship, which,
by the way, differs somewhat from that of

The paper, to consist of a single sheet, '
resting on a good blotting-pad — that will j

The body should incline a little forward
and to tho left, with support on left foot and
left forearm. This will give the desired
freedom of the right forearm and secure

While in these movements, generally, the
feet can be placed together, or with one
over the other if desired, should you wish
to give extra expression to any work upon
an enlarg.'d scale, you must govern yourself
similarly to that in whcdearm.

Peculiarities of Position.— As in other
things, we here find peculiarities or charac-
teristic features. No two sitting precisely
the same. No two holding the pen pro-
oisely the aarnei owing doubtless to various

ooDditions, among which might be men-
tioned the tliffereDce id sUtare and gfoeral
make-np. The diirdreoce id furtnatiuQ of
haodfi, etc.

Wfi differ iu taste, style of dress, maooer
of tliioking, et*-. We are even so particular
that we caonot wear our hats just as the;
are placed on our heads by other hands.

A professional teacher cac give general
ideas of how to do everything pertaining
to this most benutifol art — the amAteur caL
usrially dn more— yet if the student fails to
do that which is recugnized as his part of
the play, failure must bf the ultimatum.
Or, if the student is easily satisfied, and bis
HS|.iratioD8 meagre, then ordinary results
will be in keeping with ordinary ideas,

The physician may do his part nobl; aud

Questions for the Readers of the

"Journal."

Bv Prof. C. H. Peihce.

1. Why are there so iitany failures in
teaching penoiansbipf

2. Why do so mauy abandon, early, the

:). What will increase the dignity of the
profession t

4. Certain capitals are made too straight,
others too Blaming, by A'bs of professionals
and iVrt ofamHteurs. Is there any remedy?
IS generally considered,

pupils f

ere whim f
How would you teach
What is' the usual ca

represented, by some

18. Why do amateurs produce different
incorrect results at each attempt of execu-
tion T

19. Wlmt determines the handwriting of

leadiog sys- , ihe misunderstaodings arising from his illeg-
j ibility.

20. No two write alike even onder like
pressure. Is this a matter of choice f

21. The A, N and M contuiniug stem
are very difficult to form well, and are not
used in general »Titing by the mass. Why
are they called standard capitals!

22. How are the copies of our leading
systems prepared — with pen or pencil t Is
each part prepared singly, or is the whole
ot any copy handed to the engraver just as
we see it in the copy-books t

Michael Anoelo. — In his case there
was sometimes a peculinrity which it is not
desirable that auybody should imitate. So
long Hs ho kept within the bounds of real
drawing, his work was full of grandeur; but
he sometimes, iu the exuberauco of an over-
heated iinagiuatioQ, passed beyond drawing
altogether, and exorcised himself in the
flourishes of calligntphy. A bald and rapid
pen-sketch of his, representing tliree reclin-
ing fie'ires, is distinctly executed with the
dualling curves and flourishes of the callig-
rapliiet. It looks as if it had been done by
some clever xrriliug-inaster, as a flourishing
translation of a study by a learned artist.

r

3|tHl£C5"T'flcaT|

/

,?_- 5

The above cut is photo -engraved from an original design executed at the office of the "Journal," and is given as a specimen of pen-drawing and lettenng.

The above design has been printed, in fine style, on Bristol-hoard, tvriting and bond paper ; sise, llx 24. The BrisM-board ts for framing, and

• the paper for rolling or folding. It is also printed upon a fine qualitg of Bristol- board, for framing, 17x22. Tliis design is

believed to be the most artistic and tasty f-rm yet published for a Marriage Certificate. Single copies of size 11x14

mailed for 50 cents; 18x23, \$1. Free as a premium mth the •'Journal." Either size given.

woll ; yet, if the patient cannot do his, death
is inevitable.

Again I repeat, " I
if it be properly taken

Study carefully the
improve in a general way, you will lind
Position keeping pace with all the rest of
the essentials to good writing.

THE SLEEP OF THE JUST.

8. Why do so many fail in attempting tc
do their best f

9. What are the advantages of combina-

10. Why are extended
capital letters ea

I Extra Copies of the "Journal"

j will be sent free to teachers and others who
j desire to make an effort to secure a club of
1 subscribera.

als?

standard

present

Tban UtB lan-ycT liluuel

laiabn-f'f JottrnaL

11. What
capitals T

12. What has determined
system of writingt

J 3. What determines the slant of each
capital, supposing the standard forms be
taken ?

14. What is tlie difference between an
amateur and a professional f

15. Can any professional penman execute
a set of capitals with ink as perfectly and
satisfactorily at a single dash as when
several efforts are given each letter t

16. Is it objectionable to check the
hand suddenly at the finish of a capital
letter t

17. Why are A, N and M so given, aa

The extraordinary illegibility of the late
Dean Stanley's handwriting is known to all
friends, and has been supposed to arise sim-
ply from haste and carelessness. Certain
correspondents have lati-ly sought to prove
that the Dean was unconscious of his sins iu
Ibis direction, but a statement from his old
friend Max Muller goes far to disprove their
theories. Mullor complained to him one
day of a difficulty experienced by himself iu
writing, and well known to all who wield a
pen many hours daily, being called by some
doctors, Schreibekrampf, or writers' cramp.
" Ah, don't you know," Stanley hasteutd to
aiiswer, "I have had something like that all
my life. I cannot control my fluger.", and
t' at is why my handwriting has always been
80 wretched." So far from being unconscious
the Dean bimself told numberless stories of

M. Angelo, in tins design, appears to have
been intoxicated with his own fa<'ility and to
have lost the self-control without which
there can bn no truthful modulatiou of line.
— Hamerton's Graphic Art.

Remember, that if you renew, or send in
your subscription to the JounxAL, before
February 1st, you will set a TTt cent book
free, or a SI book for 25 cents extra.

A Munich professor has invented a brace-
let that will remedy the affliction known as
" writer's cramp.'' The penholder is fast-
ened to the brai-elet in such a manner that it
ran be usrd to write with ease and without
brlneing the lingers into use at all. The
band can rest i-n the table, moving easily
ah)ng as the letters are traceil, and it is said
that little practice is rorjuired to give ex-
pertuess in the use of the invention. — Bos-
ton Iranscrtpt.

And TEACHERS' GUIDE.

Piiblinh^d Monthly at »t p»i- Y»

glnjiU tuMrtiOD, 30 emtM jm lln» nonpwrril.

. no"

taa

tl20.O

1173.01

Ail»i«rtl»»nimiH lor one Knd ibiw month*. pajraW* In
w1ti>iii<» : for ■!■ monttu and one vmr. i>n>-nble qanrterlr
Id kdtanoB. Nu derUlioQ from lb« itboTe mtM. Revl-

LIBERAL INDUCEMENTS.

Inir nnil ultnifllvi' I>i ap^nrq, iinl mil)' llif polronnir* of
tiai lliiilr wimpaT »fi<l ii'-tive ivi-o|iemlion lu Mrre«|>ond-

Tn ntl whn rmrilt |1 before Feb lit. we will nuiil tlie
JOtiRiAl. "nf VPiir and n <vipy (bouod in nnper) of
"AmM*> KanillH-nk of Artisdo Pntnanship i or, for
II 95. n cnpr hnnnd In nlolh. For \$i the " Hand-book,"
In flolh, nnd tlin "fllnndATd Pmotlonl Penmnnallip." will
both In- miiil"il nlili (be first copy ol the JOUmAL.

In |i)i.rt- .>t ilio iilMivK prumhim* we wll) mnll. fy«o. to
nnv ii<il.»('iib.'r, rxrnltlinir tl, ti obolc« of ellhor of tlie

Till- Ci-ntPti.ilnl Picture of ProgTW" 22828.

•■ FlouriMi-il Kiiglo 34x32.

■■ D.-iinillndSruK. 24x38.

•• I^«d'. P-nycr. IOjiM.

•• Onrfl^M Memorial -ISiM.

" Pnmlly Rwnnl 18x22.

" Morriago O»rtino«te 18x23,

to twel%-e pages, and, eeveral limes, sixtceu
pages have be*"n found necessary to coDlaio
the matter which eeemptl to {JemaDd a place
io it« ludumos. That we shall suou find it
iieceiwarj to make the issue regular at six-
teen pages Is very probable ; eolarged as it
is to twelve pages, (and probably an io-
crcsse to sixteeo), without change from its
originally low price of subscription, is cer-
tainly a pledge tu its patrons of a liberal
cf)nrse in the future.

We believe that nowhere else are com-
bined 80 many circamstances favorable to
the publicatidn of a model penman's paper
as in the meiropolitao city of the new world,
and io the present publication offices of the
Journal; and it is our purpose to avail
ourselves of these circumstances to the fullest
extent possible for maintaining the Jour-
nal, as it is Duw recognized tr* be, pre-emi-
nently the chief of penmen's papers.

The "Penman's Art Journal"
and "Teachers' Guide."

On the first day of January the subscrip-
tion-list and the goodwill of the Teachers'
Cleveland, Ohio, weie transferred to the
publisher of the Penman's Art Journal ;
hence the addition to its former title, which
will he observed upon this issue. The Guide,
as conducted by Mr. Holconib, has been
well edited, interesting and siiicv, and has

We have fre(|uently and'cheerftilly'com-
mendfd the merits of the Journal, and
the Guide, we bespeak tor it a hearty wel-
come. It is an able exponent of a uiucli-
needed educational reform, and teachers,
especially, should give it the benefit of their
influence and support.

We trust that all the readers of the Guide
who are not already familiar with the Jour-
nal will thanit us for bringing such an ex-
cellent publication to their notice, and that
they will forward their subscriptions to
Prof. Ames, the publisher, as soon as our
obligations to them are cancelled.

Thanking our subscribers for their gen-
erous support of the Guide, and hoping
that this change will meet with the approval
of all, we remaiu, their friends,

J. R. HoLCOMB & Co.,

Lal« Piibll»liere n/ Ttachtrs' Guidt.
Cleveland^ Ohio, Jan. 1st, 1SS3.

Report of the Convention.
The Report of the Convention held last
June at Cincinnati, Ohio, by the Business
Educators and Penmen of America, is now
ready for distribution. It constitutes a vol-
ume of 130 pages, and will Ue very inter-
esting and valuable to all persons interetited
in any departmeut of business education or
penmanship. It is to be regretted, how-
of the m<ist intereMing dis-

opeuing of an account in the name of the
subscriber, the making out and sending of a
bill, which, if done with all, would rcqaire
a number of assistants, to pay whom would
lead to bankrupttiy, and if credit is given to
one, why not to all who request itt So far
as ability or willingness to pay is concerned
there are very few of our subscribers with
whom we are acquainted that we should be
unwilling to trust for many times the price
of a subscription. There are some we
know, and all strangers, we should be un-
willing to trust — who is to disoriminatel
Certainly not a mailing plcrk. Hence, we
shouhl he personally burdened with all suoh
responsibility and detail ; besides, much un-
pleasantuess would arise from the discrimi-
nations we should be obliged to make.
We must, therefore-, in all cases decline to
recognize requests for renewals or subscrip-
tions when unaccompanied with the cash.

Charles Chabot,
English E.\cert in Handwriting.
A London daily newspaper, in a recent
editorial on the death of Mr. Chabot, the
expert in handwriting, says : " Brothers
frequently write singularly like each ..tlier,
and any one who has paid the slightest at-
tention to the subject cannot fail to notice
the broad peculiarities which the calligraphy
of certain people possesses in common.
ThfTA is no mistaking the plain, expansive,

LONDON AOENOY.
nfriptlons to the 1'RX»1A«'6 AUT JOl'lWAL,
for «iiy of our jniblicaUon*, wJU be ' '
Pfoniplly MWuded to by tbe

INTERNATIONAL NEWS COMPANY.

n Bouvprio Street, [Fleet St.],

London, Eiiglund.

Niiilpe will be (jiven by poaiaLiuird to siib«riibet« Ht
pHi^r mill, in all cutim, I* itupped until the eulwi'riplioD

New York, January, 1683.

Our New Year's Greeting.

I'l entering upon a new, and the seventh,
year of its oxiMeuco, the Journal greets
it« many thousands of ri-adors with its best
wInIh s fur their prosperity and happiness.
The pii!»t year has been one of unusual
pT(*|nriiy throughout the land, and in it
tin- Journal has enjoyed a large share
— it-* subseribors now numbering nearly
three-fold those of last New Year, while
every indication for increase during the
pH's-ut year is superior to that of lUo last.
The itrouiptuess with which renewals are
bcinu made, and in most instances accom-
panied \vitti one or more new names and
ttie tiii'st Mattering messages on behalf of
tin' Jiu'rnal, isut the eame timeencourag-
iuc Hud inspiring to its editors ; and to all
liy wh..,n suoh favors an- bestowed, the
Jot'iiNAi. bears the most i-aruest reciprocji-
ii"i, and rhauks. Prospects bright for the
Journal are equally so for its patrons, for,
projinriiiuiato to the liberality of their sup-
port, will be the uieans in tlie hands of its
publishers for eubiincing it» beauty and ex-
cellence.

During the past year the regular size of
ihtf JjjaSAL ha bjoa euUrj{«J from oinht

enviable place among its contempo-
rary educational periodicals. Its mergence
in the Journal adds at once many thou-
sand names, cbietiy of active teachers, to the
already very large subscription-list of ihe
Journal. The addition of its title to that
of the Journal we deem to be very appro-
priate in view of the fact that a very large
proportion of each i.«sue of the Journal
has been devoted to practical iustrurtion in
writing and to other departments of educa-
tion and business. It will be the special
efibrt of the editors of the consolidated paper
to so conduct it that, while it shall be alilte
interesting and valuable as a representative
of the penman's art, and as a guide to good
and efficient teaching, its general educational
and literary merit shall be such as to com-
mend it to its many patrons, and enable it
to hold an honorable rank among the
educational periodicals of the day.

The "Teachers' Guide" Consoli-
dated with the "Journal."

To the Subscriben of the Ttnchers' Guide:
In accordance with previous announce-
ment, and for sufficient reasons already pub-
lished, the subscription-list nf the Teachers'
Guide has beeu transferred to that of tlie
Penman's Art Journal, the publisher of
which assumes all of our (.bligatioas to sub-
scribers. The Journal will be mailed,
reguUriy, without extra charge, t*t our sub-
bcribora until their uubscriptionfl expire,

cuBsions and blackboard expositions of wri-
ting and methods of instruction could not be
given in the report, partly from their very
nature, and partly from the absence of the
reporter from the special afternoon aud
evening sessions ot the penmen; but it is,
to say the least, an interesting aud valuable
report. The price per copy has been fixed,
by the. Executive Committee, at -50 cents;
on receipt of which, copies will be mailed
from this office.

Ending Subscription.
It is our invariable rule to give notice, by
postal-card, to each subscriber at the expir-
ation of his term of subscription, and to die-
continue the JouKNAL at that lime unless the
subsrriiJtion is renewed, and iu no case is a
renewal made, or a name entered as a sub-
scriber upon our bcH.lts, until the subacrip
tioD-price is paid. Many cards are received
retiuestiag that the JtxiRNAL bo not discon-
tinued, aud also icfiuests that the Journal
be umilfd to the sender, a« a subscriber,
»m a promise to pay. To any person
having a knowledge, or auy just con-
ception, of the immense labor and deuil
of conductmg a paper with so largo a
circulation as that of th« Journal, it
will bo very apparent that strict and uni-
form rules must bo observed, else a disas-
trous increase of lub-.r aud confusion would
result. The renewal or taking of a subaorip-
M..n without payment vrould ne<MJMitat« tha

cleasly formed letters of those who have
beeu taught to write in the schools of Am-
erica. The admirable handwritings of the
Scandinavians are so much alike that ex-
perts will be able to pick out from a hun-
dred examples almost every one esecuii-d
by a Dane, a Noiwegi-m, or a Sw-ede. The
Italian handwriting is also so marked that
it is one of the ' stylos ' affected by writing-
masters, aud the pretty, scratchy characters
of a Frenchman, with their flourishes and
sudden redundances, inevitably suggest the
gay, volatile, tickle character of the race to
which he belongs."

Mr. Chabot was one of the most cele-
brated of experts ever employed in the
English courU; he gained bis first notoriety
in a will case in which his chief .point was
that, in examining a large nunjber of docu-
ments admittedly written by the testator, he
had in no single case found the letter "o"
connec**d with the other letters, whereas in
the disputed will it was sometimes su con-
nected and sometimes not. 'J'he will was
broken. He was also emidoyed by Hon.
Edward Twisleton in the examinaliou of
the handwriting of the famous Junius let-
ters, and its comparison with that of the
several suspected authors of those letters,
with the view of discovering their true
authorship. The result of Chabot'« inves-
a quarto volume of 300 pages of letter-press,
and 207 Hthographio plates, ooastitutia^ the
uoil eiteiuiT» and ezbaoitire traatiM apoo

expert ezamiaations of bandvritiog ever
published. It wonld eecm by that report
that Mr. Chabfjt succeeded iu establishiDp
beyoud a doubt the id«'ntity of tliP wriljog
in the Junius letters with that of Sir Phtlip
Francis. j

Binding "Journals."

Wo believe that no subscriber to the
Journal, who has once seen our Cominoo-
sonse Binder, will ever do wiibout it. By
its ase the Jouhnal is not only perfectly
preserved, but as convenient for reading or
reference as a book. Each binder will hold,
securely and well, four volumes of the
Journal, and each Dumber is added with-
out difficulty or loss of time. Owing to tlie
recent nuinoroUH orders, wo have been able
to reduce the price from \$1.75 to \$1.50, at
which the Biurier will hereafter be mailed
post-paid. By its use the value of the Jour-
nal IS more than doubled to any subscriber.

clobs; ih'j come from him large and often ;
there are few teachers t<i whom the Jour-
nal ia more indebted for subacribcrs than
to him. The number and size of clubs
since January 1st has been quite unprece-
dented with the Journal. To all the
senders we return our thanks, and regret
that each cannot have the honor of sending | getli

The

Practical

'Journal " fo;

Writing.
A person for the first time glancing at a
copy of the Journal, and observing the
ntal designs

ihe King.

of the vices of a badly fonned liandwriting.
It is the imly first-class publication giving
a full hhranj of practical icritmg, while oui
new " Hand-book of Artistic Penmanship "
is devoted exclusively to ornamental poo-
manship.

Both of these complete publications, to-
th the Journal, for one year, are

I sent by mail on receipt of \$2.

Hymeneal.

H. T. Loomis, one of the proprietors of the
Spencerisn Buainese College, Cleveland, Ohio,
and one of the moat accomplished penmen and
teacliera of the West, was married, on Decem-
ber 26tli, to Mi?fl Lida Stradley, at the rfsi-
dfnce of the bride in Rochester, Ind. We
abstract the following from the Rochester Sen-
tinel, which contained a long and glowing
report of ihi

■'Mr. Loomis i
has won. Wnrdi
be out of plact! in
BO well and favorably known. Shi

jd by her womanly virtues, gentle

tUe bride would
abets
eared

This is the month for the Eagle and
change of time for the satisfaction of his
inquisitive correspondent.

and lady liktf deportmeiil. The school in whicb
she was a teacher has lost one of its best iu
elructors, and society one of its cherished mem
bers, by her departure, but all join in wiBhin-
her a long continuation of the pleasures of lif

The Highest Monument in the

World.
The Washington Mouument, which has
been so long in process of erection at Wash-
ington', D. C, has now reached the height
of 300 feet, and is to be carried 250 feet
higher— making a total, when finished, of
.550 feet, which will exceed the height of the
great pyramid iu Kgypt (at present the
highest human monument in the world) by
eighty-nine feet. The monument is being
constructed of massive marble blocks, seven

Gilded Domes.

The domes of the great churches io Mos-
cow and St. Petersburg are said to bo plated
with gold nearly a quarter of an inch thick.
The dome of the Isaac Cathedral in St. Pe-
tersburg represents a value of \$45,000,000,
and that of the Church of the Saviour in
Moscow, \$15,000,000.

Query. — How many more smiles do these
tJO,000,000 of dollars iu gilded domes win
from heaven than they would if judiciously
expended in teaching the ignorant and semi-
civilized masses of Russia how to read and
write; or, in other ways for relieving thetn
from their grinding poverty and hardship t

How to Remit Money.

The best ancl safest way is by Post-office
Order, or a bank draft, on New York ; next,
by registered letter. For fractional parts of
a dollar, send postage-stamps. Do not send
personal checks, especially for small sums,

Editors of the Journal :

While the Journal

3 doing its utmost
■ Ito elevate the art

tain others are

doing quite the
reverse. For in-

stance, I have

lar from two
particular pen-
call their UHmes)

«* . , . . ' '"','',"'," "^ °"' "^ '^"' "'''^"""^ '■"''^ alphabet, wAW appear in Ames'a Hand-book of ArtUtui Penmanfhip-

S.-paffebook.giv*r,ff all the pr^ncipU, and many drnff.,, f.r jlounMmj, with nearly, thirty standard and artistic alphabets
. paper covtrs, {S5 rent* extra in cloth), to ever;, person remitting \$1 for a subscription or renewal
'rice of the book, bi/ mail, in paper, 75 cents; in cloth, fl.

r eubjeetsof gen-
eral interest; but the primary efforts of its
conductors will be in behalf of practical
writing, for where one patron can derive ad-
vantage from any kind of fancy penmanship,
one hundred or more will bo benefited by
plain practical writing, and our motto will
ever be— The good of the many rather than
the few.

The King Club

For this montli comes from Bryant, Strat-
more, Md., seut by W. H. Patrick, the
accomplished penman of that institution;
the club numbers ninety-eight. The Queen
Club comes from the La Crosse (Wis.)
Business College, and is sent by H. C.
Carver; it numbers ^yVF/>»i-. Mr. Carver
ia a recent graduate of Musselman's Gem
City Business College, Quiucy, 111. Ho is
an aooomplished penman, and evidently a
popular teacher. In the November number
of the Journal, page lOa, was reproduced a
epeoimen fro.,, his pen. with which, by
some oversight, he was uul credited. The
third club iu si,e uumbors fiftyom, aud
was sent by L. Aeire, teacher of writing at I
Archibald's Bu..ines8 College, MinneapoIU, '

Mina.^ ^Mr. A«ir« i

1 old luuid at Msdiag 1 ing to la&m

that belong to the lovely and good, and may
clouds of sorrow never darken uer pathway in

Not Responsible.

It should be distinctly understood that
the editors of the Journal are not to be
held as indorsing anything outside of its
editorial columns; all communications not
objectionable in their character, nor devoid
of interest or merit, are received and pub-
lished; if any person differs, the columns
are equally open to him to say so and teli

Unrivalled.

The sale of this unrivalled "Standard
Practical Penmanship" since its issue dur-
ing the past nine months has, beyoud ques-
tion, never been equalled by any chiro-
graphic publication in this country nor in

It is in elegant porlfulio style, and em-
braces complete work on elementary writ-
ing, book-keeping forms, and business cor-
respondence. It is con.-eded by the I
penmen and business educators to be the
only reliable A^inatructor for those desir-

feet long by three feet six inches wide,
which are lifted into their place at the top
of the work by a steam elevator.

There will be a staircase extending to
the top. Costly blocks of marble have been
aeut by various foreign governments, which
are being placed on the inner facing of the

The Hand-Book.

Ow

to the unusuiil pressure upon our
time during the holidays, we were not able
to complete the plates of the Hand-book
quite as soon as we anticipated at the time
of its announcement ; but the work is on the
press. Bound copies will bo ready to mail
inside of ten days, when all orders will be
promptly filled.

Inasmuch as the Journal will, this
month, be mailed to many thousand persons
who have no knowledge of the character or
style of the premiums, one of which is
ery subsf-riber, we have

you neg-
lect this oppor-
tunity to
from four to
eight dollars a
day you must be
a fool." The

! full of this stuff. What

hiuk of themf

A. Bush.

circular alluded

does the Journ

Respectfully,
We do not know what circulars are al-
luded to by Mr. Bush, but we will say, in
answer, that we often see circulars which
justly merit such criticism as Mr. Bush
gives. It is our conviction that if such ad-
vertisers could know how greatly tliey lower
themselves in the estimation of all sensible
people by such " clap-trap " and " bragga-
docio," we are sure that they would omit it.
Who writes himself a champion might as
well say to the world, " Behold an ass ! "

) nd themMlvi

added four extra pages for the purpose of

inseningcuu— reduoedaiae— ofaporUonof i ing money are sealed

^'"^ ' poitTBMter we will aui

Send \$1 Bills.

We wish our patrons to bear i
in payment for subscriptions we do not de-
sire postage-stamps, and that tbey should be
sent only for fractional parts of a d^dlar. A
dollar bill is much more cooveuient and safe
to remit than the same amount in 1, S or 3
cent stamps. The acUal risk of i
money is slight — if properly direi
one miscarriage will occur in one thousand.
Inclose the bills, and where letters contain-
in presence of the
inw ftll the riak.

I mind that

J. S., Upper Saii(lii-ky. Ohio, incloses
specimens exhibilinif ^tpM impruvcmcnt io
tiifl writing fruiii practicing »fter the cttpicR
and iriHiruction given in the Journal, aod
submiU the fulluwJDg question : In the
front position at the desk should the upper
right comer of the paper be oppoE^ito the
chestt Arts. — There may be a tiifficulty in
determining just nh ch orner of t) e paper
iiK referred to as the upper exce] t in
connection with the Ilustrat n referred to
{No. 2, in lU July
number). In all p a
tions at the desk the
paptT should ho 1 eld
parallel, and th rule 1
Hues at right angles U
the arm.

H. M. F. N., Ca 1 sle
Pa. — "What 8 tie
proper method of deter
mioing the actual m
a periiid of, say f ur
weeks' practice 1 av ng
preserved a spec en of
writing at beginn g f r
Rompariflon at close of
term. 2d. W uld tl e
introdiietion of oVlq o
penholders in pr arj
and grammar echo Is bo
iiient to them t Ans —
let. At close ot lessons
1) specimens r tteo

and securing patrons for plain writine ; it is
in itself in demand, and remunerative for

I card-writing, engrossing, drawing, etc. -id.

I Many of our brst penmen and teachers of
writing passed their early years upon a

' farm, which wo do not think to have been
to their disadvantage, as, if their fingers
and muscles were somewhat hardened, they

ber, I8p2, which contains ihe first lesson.
The Journal, from May t« January, 1884,
wilh a choice of two from seven premiums,
will be mailed for \$1.50.

"Hand-book of Artistic Penmanship " give
copies and instruction in practical writing.
Ans.— 'So; hone whatever. It is designed
as an aid in artistic pen work and lettering,
exclusively. The "Standard Practical prolonged labor and endurance. 4th. Which

Books and Magazines.

"Hand Uuk of Takigraphy," by D. P.
Lindsley, 252 Broadway, New York, is a
book of 172 ]2mo. pages, iu cloth, \$2. So
far as our limited knowledge of shorthand-
writing enables us to judge of works of this
kind, it is a meritorious publication. It is
ficely printed and bound. The author claims

PeniiiaDship," which we mail for \$1.00,
the best guide to practical writing pub-
lished. That and the Hand-book will be
mailed together for\$1..^0. The Journal
included, one year for \$2.00.

G S Glenwood Mo — 1st Can anyone
bee ne a good pen nan I y pract ng from
a CO npend u t "d What s the use of

J also strengthened and better fitted for that Takigraphy possesses many advantages

■aphy,

most profitable depends chiefly upon the
peculiar characteristics of each individual.
If a person is a good teacher of writing, and
has a taste and genius for getting up classes,
itinerent teaching pays well ; otherwise, not ;
but good wr t ug and teach ng pay n
connect on w tl d str ct schools u any pen
organ ze classes a ne ghbor ug schools

clai

form length and cou
position, as als si ut 1
have been first spe
mens — and all de g
nated by numl er u
stead of the nai e of tl e
writer — 80 that tl ere
may be no part al ty ex
ercised by the exa n
ing committee Tl e
specimens shuull tl eu
be compared — Ji st n
respect to corre ue h n
forms of letters seco i"
grace of

3 of I

third, proportii ns ipac
Ans. 2 —We v. ul 1 n t
commend the 1 1 q
holder for use f 1 am
era, and especiall> u tl
The oblique holder 1
straight holder f pr p
orty held ; but
writers find it
tical or quite d lb ult to
maiutaio the hand in a
position sufficiently
turned toward the per-
son to bring the nibs of

the pen Hat or — ■ — — —

upon the paper, the obliipie holder is in-
troduced to obviate this difficulty, and is
serviceable only for that purpose.

E. P. B., Richmond, Va., asks several
questions respecting the use of the oblique
holder, which questions are substantially
answered above, except as lo the nmnner in
which the oblique holder should be held,
which is the same as for a straight holder.

E. H. D., Toledo, 0.— How many more
lessons in the course by Prof. Spencer, aud
can I get the back numbers of the Journal
from the bcginniug of the course t Atis—
There are to be eight more lessous, making
a course of sixteeti in all, and you can have
your subscription begin with tlie May uum-

•om a pen and- ink draieivtj S4xS0, exfcuUd at the <
r been prinUd, by photo- litkoffr aphy tpnn fine pi -u paper 19xS4, one of which i
with the "Journal." Copies mailed to othei-i than \$ubicrihert for 60 cc

ornamental penmanship t 3d. Can a boy
who has done hard work upon a farm be-
come a fine writert 4tb. Which is the
most profitable employment : teaching wri-
ting (itinerant), or teaching district school ?
5lb. Do you judge from my writing that I
could become a fine penman f Ans. — Ist.
A person may become a good writer by
practicing carefully from good copies -at
home, without a teacher; but, if practicable
to do so, it would be economy, of time at
least, to take lessons of some experienced
teacher; a few timely criticisms and sug-
gestions from such a teacher might save
months of bard, and often discouraging,
practice. 2d. Ornamental penmanship has
many uses: it aids in attracting attention

and towns, evenings, and often make re-
j spectable compensation beyond their salary.
I (Jib. We judge that, with a little of the
right kind of instruction and practice, you
I might become a good writer. You need to
give attention to movement, and we think it
would pay you to get the '* Standard Prac-
tical Penmanship," as it is the beat aid
known to us for self- learners.

W. R. C, Garfield, Kansas.— Which is
best — a large or email penholder f Ans. —
A medium-size, unpolished holder is the
given above.

Education embraces the culture ot the
whole man with all Ms faculties.

■ the various systems of plu
which is shown by comparisons io this work.
"Vick's Floral Guide for IS^H" is the
most exquisitely and profusely illustrated
floral publicatitm that we have ever exam-
ined. What it does not represent, or tell
about t'^ cult vat on n the floral or horti-
c Itural 1 no s scir ely worth inquiring
af e It 13 pr nted on the best of paper,
olored plates
of flo vers and vege-
tabl 3 aud full of useful
uformation. Those
wlo B'nd 10 cents for
t cannot be disappoint-
e 1 as the plates alone
are worth the amount.
years James Viok
Rod ester, N. Y.

Crittenden's Com-
ne a Arithmetic and
Bu ness M^inual," de-
B gned for the use of
n es commercial col-
leges teachtrs, mer-

By John Groes-
constilting ac-

it, and principal
of Crittenden's Phil-
College. Containing
410 1 6 mo. pages.
Eldr Ige &. Brothers,
e 3 It is splendidly
pr nted and bound,
wh le in its arrange-
ment and manner of
treat ng its various sub-
jects t is clear, concise
pears to eontaiit just
al out the matter de-
6 rable for an arithme-
t c designed as a text-
p Is and a book for

The Art Amateur for

Jan ary fairly overllowe

M tl tlosedcsigns,illus-

tra ous and practical

f^r art-

and home deoora-

which make this

able magazine a

uany cultured Ameri-
can I useholds. A su-
perb portrait of the
famous English etcher,
Francis Seymour Ha-
I den; some striking
charcoal and pencil
sketches by Walter Shirlaw; a very inter-
esting collection of miniatures by Cosway,
and a double-page of Salmagundi Exhi-
bition sketches, are notable features of
this number. The il lustrations of Volkmar
faience, artistio furniture and pianos, tapes-
try, needlework and jewelry are especially
good. Practical articles on fan painting,
miniature painting, china painting, and art
needlework are given, together with valu-
able " hints for the home" and "answers
to correspondcnis." In the supplement
sheets are full-size designs fur a panel of
for a vase ; birds and piue-needles for a cup
and saucer; an ivy and owl decoration of
tilee for a fire-place facing; a

lAiryer cop\

AKl rJOl ISXAI,

for UiB Br.vmit &. S
BuftrtIo(N.'Y.)B(
lepe, ill tlie Firen
aocfl BnlUli
with appropi-iali

IDg

G. W. Michael, wlio for
Bome tinio pan has conducted "" "

a pcmmiuKhip Bchool- at Delaware, 0., has
traii«ftfrred hia school to Oberlin, O. Mr. Mi-
chael ie eiiihusiaetic, and apparently succeBsful
in the prosecution of hia profeaaion.

(9 photo engraied fo a jeu and %nk drau »g x ^a executed at the Jo trnal

^ hren jmnfed, hij photo- hi hograiihij, upon Jine plate pajier, 19x;i4, one of which is given a

iiim icith the "Journal:' Copies mailed to others than subscribersr for 50 cents each.

Specimens wortliy of noi« have been re-
ceived an follows:

J. C. Millet , Ii-ksbnrg. Pa., a auperior epeci-
men of practical wriliiip, drawing, and letl«r-
ing; J. W. Swank, Wiwhinytoii, D. C. an
elegantly wrilk-u letter, accompanied by a well-
deaerveil and highly complimentary uolioe
from the Washington press ; from the St. Louis
Mercantile College, a letter; A. N. Palmer.
Cellar Kapids, Iowa, several skillfolly exe-
cuted specimens of flouriahiag and card-
writing; A. E. Dewhursi, Utiea, X. Y., a
ftouiished bird; R. M. Nellie, Central City.
D. T., a Sou. i^hed bird ; W. I. Moore, Epping.
N. H., a leller; P. H. Cleary, VernoD, Mich.,

photograph of a pea-drawing, entitled, "Uncle
Tom'a Cabin "; L. A. IX Han, penman at the
Davenport, loWa, Business College, a flour-
i«hed stng with lettering; W. H. Patrick, peu-
niim at the Bryant, Stratton & Sadler's Buflt-
ness College. Baltimore, Md., a letter; H. C.
'Cnrver, La Crosse. Wis., a letter; L. Aeire,
Minn., a letter; H. C. Clark, Titusv.lle, Pa..
Business College, a letter; L. B. Lawsoii, Red
Wing, Cal.. a letter, and club of twelve sub-
scribers; C. N. Crandle, Bushnell College,
Bushnell, 111., sends flourished bird and letter.

of llie greatest utility, ai:
(|1 a year] places it wilL

fur uaample copy."- A'o(

e or aubicriptiOD
rioBt everybody.

ohirograptiin a

Complimentary from the Press to

the "Journal."

The foUowiog are a few of tho many flat-

inland lewou. in

tering nonces from the press, received dur-

ing the past year ;

10 Ilie de.irable au

-TheJouiWALUa ..el,e.r«ge p,p„. pri„,«, ,„ ,ho

CV(i,(/a.) Comm,

" No papM com

It u Bbly edire<l by D. T. Amta. the lending jH^n-orlist ot '

I'tw England Sift-
OS nearly an tdeal paper

JeavoriDg lo Improve their hand-
it aid in Ihli JoVRSAL."~FranJt

plain penmi
Pkxuam'b

f Wnah-

e bighly tht
:. tlirpogh i

a privilege it nuuld be togetber

e JOUUMAL. irhlvb
ye». a good light a

I should Kubtcrib« for

rhe trueet teat ofcivilizaiioD ia not the
sua, nor the size of cities, Dor the crops
,0, but tbe kind uf men the country turns
, — Emerson,

•2 "f ''Z

X flj o

I i !

3 o-
3 3

,? >3 N-

^ rt o

if i

~4, - ' ^4g^^]s^ / -£^

K r VJOIiKVAI.

Ottawa.

Caha

A. January. 1883.

TotliullfiiilPrtof Ilie

PK.1UA

K'b ABT JOUllXALi

Intf y

yuuwlU luvor u*iTl

Uauia

ipUoD, upoa ibe fol-

Thp prio» «r our paper ha>

been.)

. BD<1 *hn11 ooDtinuo

C>^."'!h'„; ;'"::^

'r;;r

r lonueuce and euod
■end It. po*t.poid. to
Ive mombe of lf83.

1^"'" .. ' i.

.. ';';

'm^.

(to fa lb» JttBiiaiy.

KiveD

umj;",;ivz;ui;i;i

■willU

"8»wyeiwgrai.Uy—
and priLBt awnrfed

'"♦Vft.r

KMriv* (fa* foUotriDg

Umvtrsal /*ni*

Photo or Edilur

. - . . .25

Toial muth

Sawykk B

BOS., IcDpoHer

and Publliber*.

1-t.r.

Ottawa. Caiuida-

NOTICE.

Thwugh lUit mon

ih IiTi

Mnd

drew. Incloring flflM

cent*.

also lb

etyutwitogmpliMU

I«e ODly

fur pre

ictioo.

I will, upon COM

Uiug Ih

fir ftiitogrraph MDI. prepnre

thM* n-lih on «>■• lo

bcir tu

• «i»l

ability to derelope a

tncfic*.

a. To bum u]> otli

f people

• nutoffrapbio ^■sgariei uwy

b« I'ommmdabk, bu

to produc* >

ur own tignaturv ur

thml of fripod or wm

•uponden

d well

may be a great deal

•cUrr wd lM>llvr.

3. But ODt> iwraoD

mure i

BflV

•aa i<n>AMC* a de>ooat

•ulogmph.

W

P. COOIKII,

KingOTiUe. Oblo.

lulncriirtSoo. ti W. Clubbfid wUh

1 TV uie. Sample lOo A. E. Ukwuubst. li; I'av

tJ*Aa;',it5cf-

Blackboards.

LAPIUNUM iSlom-Clolhi.

Black Diamond Slating,

Th: ISr,l l.i,i«i,l Sl,,li„.i [,r:tl,„„t ,ic,plwn)Sor

Wall, .Old IVooilrn m«^Uaar<lt.

MnhA the rinMt and most dunible tnrface. FiuIIy

PRrCES.

Pint,tl.25; Quart, f!!; Half-Oiilloii,t3.50! OaUoD.tfi.SO.

Flat Dniili (4 inchM) SO wnta.

One qiiorte mily txivoiv 50 aqiiare feet with three ooata.

tlie number tuually applied.

Vied and givei J'trfect Salitfaction in

ColQiiiljla Oolleffe ISchooI of Mines) - Netv Yorjt Cily.

\$1,000 to \$10,000 Life Insurance Benefit in case of Death.
. \$10 to \$25 Weelcly Indemnity in case of Accident.

Under ONE MEMBERSHIP
UPON THE MUTUAL BENEFIT- PLAN.

PEXMEX'Saiid AIITISTS' SUPPLIES.

BOA/ID OF DIRECTORS.

Hon. EDWAJtD D. LOVERIDGE, Pres't of Bank ofCuba, N. Y.

E. C. Hazard, firm of E. C. Hazard & Ca.,\riiolesa].! Grociira, New York,

Geo. W. Lewis, Ebi].. Bridgeport, Conn.

E. H. PoTTEn, Esq., film of Dodge, Totter &. Co., Bankera,

New York. ^.■■

Lemuel H. Wilsox, Treaa. N. T. &. Atlanlio R. K. ^ '

Co., New York. ^ •j'^ -f

Lewis A. Osboux, New York. <\ f\ \

#

\i

E. D. W

M.D., New York.

Unirmlly nf MiuiMipi>i Oxfitr.!

Loug UlHiid lluspilal Medical Colle^ ■ Druiiklyi>

oliiinifa! New Yi>i
ColTt^H ISxnliunse: !
Equlluble Unifii am

iiioe ExobnnRni Ken- Vo;
rk Iron and Slelal Exobiingi
ce ExcbHUgo.

lively). Pntenwn, N. J.
flii-liinff. N. Y.
Ml Venion, N. Y.
P..iiglikeei-»ie. N. 1
Waverly, K. Y.
HnrHbril. Ct.

ROLL BLACKBOARDS.

PRICES.

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CAKD BLACKBOARDS.

Plniu. Willioul Shelf.

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Jiii it untTersalli
Trial fur hlarkboa

ORDERS PROMPTLY FILLED.
PENMAN'S ART JOURNAL,

"^i^:^

K^'

OFFICERS.
Geo. W. Lewis, President.
LEWlsA.OSDOElN.r.-/'.,^- Genl Manage
Lemuel H. Wilson-, Treaturer.
G. T. Potte'ii, Secrctarif.
Examining Finance Ccmmittee.
Edu-ahd D. Loveridge. E. H. Pottek, Esq.
Medical Director ; E. D. ■Wheeler.
Counsel: Winfield, Leeds &. Mouse, 130 Broadway, New Yoik.

ALL BENEFITS PAID IMMEDIATELY

upon Satisfactory Proof of Ctaim,

WITHOUT ANY DEDUCTION FOR EXPENSES.

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'l-12t ' CORRESPONDENCE SOLICITED.

A NEW'BOOK. A NEW METHOD.

A Tfoji- of Surpassing Beauty, Comhinimj Instruction in

BOOK-KEEPING and PENMANSHIP.

By a simple, /uscmalmg and rgective system of illustrations and explanations,

a hmwledye of tlie ahove brandies may he acquired by the student,

with comparatively little labor on the part of tlit teacher.

OWN IN-
TERESTS

THE COLUMBUS BUGGY ° CO?

Better than the Best of its Predecessors,

The work lias receired the highest endoraeicent of many of the most eniin(
teacher., who have pronounced it " heller than the beat of its predeceeaors."
The completed hook appeared September lOlh, ISBS, and 1ms been aliead.v

Ihrooghout the couuliy. Circulars containing a large number of ringing leslimoniala, and
givnig a description of the book-melhods, contents, price, etc., will he mailed to teachers and
achoola on application.

A Reference-Book and Key Free of Charge

Will be furnished to sdioole adopting the work (and to achoola only), bj the use of which the
book can be introduced at any time without inconvenience. Addreas,

TS^ILLIAMS & ROGERS,

ROCHESTER, N. Y.
Learn to Write. SCRIPT RULERS.

BliickCiirdBoai-Tl. *!x28, forwhitulnk..." U

Blnck Cui-ds ])cr 100 15

Black Cards per Uiousaad, by oxpi-ess S 00

pcTBhuflt, gulre.

Wliiit'B dr'lng-paper, hotriirosB, 15x2lJ'.i"*l5 /l^

" 17x22, 20 2 00

" !.' \\ *^^' ^ ' **

Sl'x.Vii 1 74 W ou

Bliinlc Bristol Board Cards, per 100 as

" " " 1000 1 00

" " " 1000, by ex. 1 SO

WinsorAMowton'BBnpreuD, Ind. Luk.eUck 1 01
Oruaiiiental Card)., V2 tlesi^s, per [Kuk uf 25 o&nU.

l»y'nail 20

Fnur porki, 100 oaKU ao

1000 '■ !I""!"'!I"'.''..'..V... ,...,.!!;!'.! < 50

Eiijtr.*»iiiK Pen* for loUerirK, jiei iiw '..','.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. OA

Crowqiiill Pen. very fine, for dmwtog, doi 75

WillianiB-.ttDdPaPkard-iOem. 5 00

SI '• 3*f* i'

Hill's Manual -;

PHOTOLITHOGRAPHY AND ENGRAVING.

WELLS W. SWIFT,

Marlon vi He, Oooiida^a Coanty, New York,

" ' " SubMeriptitm Asent.Ani

HAND-nOOKfl OP IMC Rkcipbb.
CoUwtioD No. 1 ■• (50 RMir*al Conlonn- Black. 18

- -, . "...-., •JdeUble.f

iihetio. 6 kind*; ■ ■■ - ■

(100 Rwiptw) Coolents: Blaok, 32

, , , , . Drawing. Carbou. India

una Jitpsa Inks, lok-iwwdcr, Inks r« DitLrkina naokairea.
PniiiiDg ink, Sleocil Ink*. Stumping and CauueJiDg I^ka)
for btiifa niMal and rubbu «tain|i«, Ruling ink, AnlUna

The Book-keeper

THE ONLY PAPER OF ITS

CHARACTER IN THE WORLD.

Published Fortnightly.

Correspondents.

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NEW YORK. FEBRUARY, 1883.

Vol. VII.— No. 2.

Lessons in Practical Writing.

Nt>. IX.

Bv Henry C. Spencer.

Oopyrifbiad, F«Uriiarj-, 1863, by Speooer Ilruthen.

And jour lellen louh frigblfiilly.

—Old Copy.

Music puts pupils in a proper frame of
mind fur writing. Indoeil, it so addresses
iljclf t(> tlio liead, heart and hand ns to
tnaUo pleasant every employment with which
it ia associated.

In iho ^ood old days, when youug men
and maidens, from all parts of our country,
gathered in summer classes at the famous
Spencerlao Lng Seminary, in Geneva, 0.,
to be instructed by Piatt R. Spencer, the
originator of the Sponcerian system, music
and poetry were summoned to lend their
dplightful aid to the task of learning. Oft
the strains of Auld Lang Syne, in tenor,
base aud treble, swelled out harmoniously
from that rural temple, as they sang the

ODE TO THE PEN.

Tho Pen. (ho Pen, the bmve oh
WhicJi ilomped oiir thnngUU

Tbrniigh tl« bold Iraohiga oft ug
Our Ibuugbta will freshly i>i>u

In ■ohool-diiy nceoes nnd eooinl I

Light s

:he lubonng ii

.«d gla,

This ode is now sang by the young men
and women who. in large numbers, are
learuiug the Spencerian in their school
witliiu sight of the grand dome of our na-
tional capitol. Perhaps it would not be
amiss to call it our National Ode to the Pen.
We recjuost those who study and practice
theao lessons to copy the Ode as handi
as they can, io a free-tlowing ham
preserve it as a sample of their penmanship.
Tub t\vbnty-six Capital Letters,
and the t-urvos of the small letters, in script,
also the rurv^s in Italic print, are based on
tho oval f.irm ; white the curves of the capi-
tals of vertical llouud Writing, German Text
based upon the circle,
al, first, in a diagram,
which shows it in
comparison with
tho circle. It will
lie observed how
tho tlul toned sides
of the oval come
within the circle—
tho diameter from
left to right being
diminished; while
the end*, more boldly cuiTcd, project out-

^ide the circle, because of the slanting pusi-
tion, which increases the diameter from top
to ba<e.

Tho diagram is dcsigneil, also, to be
practised for the acquirement of skill. It
may be produced ns follows : Fix p.dnts for
the four corners, and draw a square, three
ruled spaces in bight (width, of course, the
same); draw tho vertical and horizontal Hues
through the middle; take the correct wiit-
ing position, raise the elbow and forearm

To employ wholearm movement, assume
the usual writing position, with forearm
resting lightly on its muscle forward of the
elbow, then raise the elbow slightly to bring
the umscle free from tho desk, and let the
hand glide on tho nails of the third aud
fourth Engers, moved by the action of the
whole arm from the shoulder. This ii
boldest, freest movement the penman
ploys, and i*not only useful in strikiuglarge
off-hand capitals, but is also a mean

(Mi^^^ ,/y-t^C^^ C^g^i^^y (Z/:;^^./-

slightly above the desk, and, with the hand
steadied upon the nails of the third and
fourth fingers, sweep round, forming tho
circle, by the movement of the wholearm,
acting npon its center, the shoulder joint.
Repeat tho sweeps, rouud and round, cor-

' the V

No better preliminary practice for eye,
arm and hand can be given than this upon
the circle.

Now, for the oval. Trisect the upper side
of the square, and, from a point 1\ of the
spaces to the right of the left-hand corner,
draw an oblique straight lino to lower left-
hand corner, aud this will be the main
slant, 52°. From upper right-baud corner
draw an oblique straight line jiarallel to
first; from the upper left-hand corner draw
a diagonal to lower right-hand corner, and
bisect the halves of same, to mark the
width of oval. Now, in correct position,
with wholearm movement, move round and
bring pen to paper, beginning the oval at
top, between the slanting linet, sweep down
on tho left, and up on the right, and con-
tinue, correcting curves, as you proceed,
until you produce the true oval.

Copy 2. Practice the direct-oval aud
the direct-oval letters, Grst, with whole-arm
movement, making them two ruled spaces
io bight.

training and developing tbo leaser and more
limited movements of arm and hand, in

In striking a letter, the movement should
begin before the pen is brought to paper.
For example, in making the lirst form in
this copy, the direct-oval, which begins, as
tho arrow indicates, with down stroke on
the left, the ready penman will begin by
moving upward and over from tho opposite

FoBEARBt Movement, which is simply
wholearm movcineut modified by allowing
the forearm to rest lightly upou its large
muscle forward of the elbow, may now be
employed in striking these large forms in
Copy 2. But it is better in this practice to
reduce the size to H ruled spaces in hight.

Balance the arm nicely upou tho muscle
and turn the oval letters out quite rapidly.
Shape, shade, and smoothness, are tho three
essentials to be secured in this practice.

Copy 3, presenting the letters medium-
hand size, or \ of an iucb in hight, now
clnims attention.

The forearm movement must bo con-
tinued as tho principal movijment, and the
fingers allowed to attend and slightly assist.
Study the form, proportions aud consecu-
tive strokes of the capitals, carefully, at this
stage of the practice, thus:

Capital 0. Hight, 3 i-spaces, with S
u-spaces ; distance between left curves t
space. Strokes : left curve, right curve,
left. Shade the first left curve.

Capital D. Hight, 3 i-spaces; width,
2 u-spaces; distance between left curves,
J space ; hight of stem, 2i i-spaces ; hight
of loop, } i-space. Strokes: compound
curve, compound curve, right curve, left

Capital C. Hight, 3 i-spaces ; width
of large loop, and tho spaces to its right and
left, each J of a u- space. Stroke: left curve,
right curve, left, right. Shade the third
stroke.

Capital E. Combines C and 0. Main
hight, 3 i-spaces; length of whole top por-
tion on the left side, 1 i-space; length of
lower portion, 2 i-spaces; width of whole
to|i, % u-space; width of lower oval, Ii
u-space. Strokes: left curve, right, left,
left, right, left. Shade the fourth stroke.

See the diagram showing the relation of
0, U, C. Praclico it.
Tho letters are to bo practiced in pairs to
ure uniformity. They are composed

side, with pei
touches paper
Wholearm i
slow when first del

the wing" before it

may be somewhat
Qg a form, but as
should soon give place to prompt, quirk
movements, which will produce truer curves

The slant of an oval letter may be tested
by drawing a straight lino through its mid-
dle from top to base, marking its long

It will be observed that the capitals 0,
Z>, C, £, made large in Copy 2, with whole-

than the same capitals have in Copy 3.
And why t Because, with the ponderous
wholearm movement, it is easier to finish
with the upward stroke, passing across the
middle of the oval than to stop at a given
point, with the down stroke. I

ubstitute straight

1 fault to
in capitals, for
ow turns, for fuU

promptly and regularly in making
strokes of each letter f do
not jork tho liand. Begin the movement
before bringing the pen to paper.

Copy 4. Practice tho abbreviations and
words hero presented; criticise and correct

Copy 5 presents practical modifications
of the capitals 0, i), C, E, which aro com-

In addition to the coi)ies given, practice
on the following phrases, words aud abbre-
viations is suggested : Ont ilaij after date;
On demand ; Dr. ; Due on demand ; Dear
Cousin ; Cr. ; Cash on account ; Compli-
ments of; Express; Exchange; Expense.

Tliose who faithfully study and practice,
will win success in the art of penmanship.

Our next lesson will embrace the reserved

Remember, you can get tho Journal
one year, and a 75-ceni hook free, for \$1 ;
or a \$1 book and the Journal fur §1.25.
Do your friends a favor by telling them.

A Penman's Alpine Tour,
Bv Marv E. Mautin.

A pretty Alpine village staoHing among
grass; meadows, wilh pyramidnl massea of
hills ruing nobly behind. Beyond it— «lp
on alp, crae on crag— for mauy a mile, rise
the glaciers and peaks of tho Alps. That
SDoir-clapped cone is the Weisshorn. Mod-
estly sheltered beneath this giant warden if
the queen of the Pennine Alps — Monte
Bota. Farther east is that sharp pinnscln.
tho Malterliorn.

The sun is einhing low— giving a broad
arch of glowing orange to the western sky,
and letting it melt into a cool purple and
blue in the vault above. The lower dells
havo darkened into purflo shadows, and the
whole chain of snow-cftpped mountains
glitler in the otening sunlight until they
look like molten gold. The white spire of
tho village church cBtches up the reflection,
and from it and many windows the snn
sciDtillatea like millions of diamonds.

This was the picture that broke upon the
vision of Cliftttu Dean, an American, and
ft penman, wlm had risen to the topmost
round of the la.Uler in his profession. He
was on his way to a village farther up the
valley. He was con-
templalii>g whether he
could reach his desti-
nation before night,
and 80 lost in thought'
that in « small knot of
persona ho was acci-
dentally jostled, and
dropped from his lips
tho cigar ho was smok-
ing, lio looked up
annoyed, but tho low
voico of the stranger
soon told him it was
an accident. There
was somolhing very
beg pardon " in his
own native tongue.

"Yes,"s«id the stranger,
ol many that will greet y
ascend the mountains."

"Have yon been upf" asked CHfton

"Yes; and am now waiting for a party
This is jufct the place to rest before ascend-
ing the mountains."

Clifton Dean consented, and the two men
walked on— p88.«ed tho red wood chalet,
over the long stone bridge, and into the vil-
lage.

As they walked, Clifion Dean asked:
" Are there any strangers in the village? I
sawat a glance that you were an American."

" Ye8 ; there are a number of strangers ;
but only one Anieri''an family- -that is, a
lady and her husband — wbt-n he is here;
but he is oftener climbing alone, with the
guides. Tho lady is -very beautiful, bm
there is something about her face that in-
terests me more than mere beauty : it looks
as if it had a history— that some gteat feel-
ing had burned up and burned out; a face
llial had accepted its fate — such a face hao
Mrs. Preston."

"Ah! do you know hert" and the
stranger looked up, in surprise, at the sud-

you yourself, he i" a celebrated peuir

like I times on one (ide, then •

She stream, and they caw a strange c

bad gathered her roees together asshe spoke,
and now remained standing; then stepped
into the house.

Neither that night nor the next day did
Chfion Dean catch a glimpse of her. On
ibe tccond morniugho taw her at breakfast:
she was crossing the lioor to the table, and
as she passed through the sunlight coining
in through the window her hair was flaked
with a golden hue that only eavo warmth
to the rich dark brown; the strong light
only showed the more of the roundness of
her cheeks, and their pure freshness. She
was tall, slieht, yet beautifully formed. Her
eyes blue as the tint that shades tho white
vlematis. She met the gaze of Clifton
Dean unshrinking, and smiled a tiuiet
" good morning." He could but think that
with some women tho early summer of life
is far more beautiful than any promise of
L'irlbood gave. He wondered, as ho looked
iiilo the uncoDfcious face, if she remembered
ihat ihey bad once loved in the years gone
Ijy — tiiftt circumstances had pushed them
fiparl. Ee had let tho love of his art oc-
cupy his time; she had married; but Clif-
ton Dean knew, as he looked into her face,

, bntshwood

cigar

remarked

,'iih 1

n, and ho

The abt

Clifion D.

handed him bis caso
to tako out another.

The strnngertlmnUed
him, audsaid:"! will,

gether. Do you stop
in this village t"

" No," said Clifton Dean,

" This village is so pretty, and the h
eo much better than you will find in the
others, that I hivvo been tempted to stay
longer than I first intended," said the
stranger. " Did you ever see anything
more picturesque than that?" and he drew
Clifton Dean's attention to what was a
cliHrming picture : into *,hc water of the lake
had been driven a Swiss ox-cart ; the large
wheels reslfd on tho shore; knee-deep in
tho beautiful water of tho lake stood the
oxen, ready to slako their thirst; at their
heads, and almoc<t kuee-deep in the water,
Blood their driver, while his little flock ol
sh^ep dr.iuk, quietly, near him; a little
way from them, in a shallow rocky space,
stood tlte ono goat of the family, with his
head wisely raised as if ho wore taking an
iiiveutory of all tho family's wealth : perched
upon the wagon scat sat n lovely Swiss girl ;
behind her, and around her, were their
tiousehold goods.

Clifton Dean knew, as he looked, what
the picture meant. Now, that the winter's
suow bad melted, and tho mountain pju*-
turcs were grr en w ilh fresh springing grass,
both caillo aud owners were quitlirg the
valley where ihey had been confined nil the
wiutcr for tho Ireo life and fresh air of lh«
mouutain pastures.

" That's a lovely picture," said Clifion
Dobn.

■bowlJers and rhododendri
and ferns, Alpine flowers an
creeping and clinging among them all, were
the serpentine roots of the ground-pine,
with its needle-like leaves glittering and
glanciug in tlio sunlight. As they rode
higher up great torrents roared and rushed
through magnifirent gorges. They passed
over a frail bridt;e ihat spanned one, and
halted for dinner. Dinner and a short rest,
and the party went on toward the moun-
tains that, witti elittering arms, seemed to
beckou them to seek their cool breezes.
There was no warning then of the storm
that later broke upon them.

Late in tho afternoon the storm came.
The clouis gathered closer; the guides
looked knowingly at each other, and made
what preparations they could. The wind
rustled through tho trees; thick darkness
seemed to descend from the mountains, and
tlirouch the side of this dark curtain a zig-
zag fliisli of liglitniug slabbed its way. lu
the confusion Clifton Dean found himself
(liow, he nevor knew) beueatii the shelter of
a rock, aud alone with Mrs. Preston, await-
ing the abating of the storm. Few words
were spoken be-
tween them; but in
that great solitude,
and alone wilh na-
ture, their hearts lay
bare to each other.
lightly on his arm ;
now, as he held it
in his grasp, ii trem-
bled. His eyes
looked into hers as
very soul, and all
was forgotten but
tho present.

The storm abated;
they rorleon.aud as
tho evening was
closing in they
reaehed tho chalet
and joiued the party.
The stars broke out
through the sky, one
by oue; then, as

ight thr
mnlle eve

her

) quickly hidden.
, rather, 1 did a number of years |
ly have forgotten it;" and Cliu-
lon Dean changed the couvcr.'iation to the
glowing sunset aud the beauty of the
scenery.

The two men walked < n, up tho quiet
street of the village, aud into the house of
tho good cure, where thry would stop.
Seated on the porch was a lady ; in I er
hands aud in her lap were Alpine roses.
She did not hear their approach until they
stood quite near her.

*' You are back again from yi ur walk,
Mr. Lindsey ! " she said, as the looked up.

" Yes, Mrs. Preston ; and I have brought
a fellow coimlryman with me. Although I
have not asked his name, I do not think he
is a stranger." Ho stepped aeide, and
Clifton Dean stood face to face with Mrs.
Preston.

If you have ever been compelled to face
some ghost of the past, without a momem's
\vaming, then you can fancy Mrs. Preston's
feelings as there came up before her a pic-
ture of a schoolroom in a far western State
— of a teacher, young and handsome, who
guided her baud through t-paces above and
spaces beneath the lino, through slem and
through curve, till his name alone was writ-
ten on ilie young girl's heart. Outwardly
she was calm— smiling, but dignified — and
it was with an indiflerent manner that she

J. W. Harlins,

that he held a key to what even this stranger
All this passed rapidly
through Clifton Dean's mind as she took her
seat at tho table, and at the right band ot
the good cure.

A week drifted by, and stlH Clifton Dean
lingered in the village — liviug over again
Ibe dream of his youth. The largo col-
lection of pen-drawings that Clifion Dean

source of pleasi
occasion of moi
satiun with Mi
first lo turn over tho pa]
pictures, and ended will
over of memory's pages.
Finally, a parly was s

■vels was an endless

Liudsey, and the

than one pleasant conver-

Preston, who liogered at

tho pages of the beautiful

turning-

1 Mr,

iged for moun-
rip — Mrs. Pres-
ton and other ladies to rest at a chalet far
up tho mountains; the gentlemen to make
the high ascent. A merry party they were
that summer morning as tliey started from
the village with their guide. Their road lay
first through green meadows, then over
Alpine pastures; noTt, it wound through
stately pino woods ; slopes of grass and
slopes of rocks were gay with flowers. The
forest scenery, too, was beautiful. Nowhere
else could be seen such exquisite sweeps of
woodland — such views over forest glades —
such park- like combiuatiors of gnssy
meadows aud clustering i)ines. As they
entered ouo of the many glens, great ice

said : " Allow me, Mr. Lindsey, to pieaeot 1 streams swept down. Their path lay i

the light that lin-
gered long in the
north, the stars came
J thickly out, and Mrs.
Preston left tho gay
party, and beneath
the stars knelt down and prayed for strength
to put this love out of her life, for she knew
what a great gulf separated her from Clifton
Dean, and had determined never to meet
him again, but lo relurn to tho Alpine vil-
lage, and, wilh her husband, leave the Alps.
She, wilh some of iho ladies and guides,
did return tho next mnrniEg. But changes
often come thick and fast ; and as she waited
for her husband, news came that he was
been climbing were lied together wilh a
rope — Some one lost his footing, the rope
snapped under Iho strain, aud four of tho
party disappeared over the aide of the pre-
cipice. This was tho news brought to Mrs.
Preston by one of the party.

Clifton Dean ascended the mountains, and
caught his first view of Mounl Blanc, It
was truly a monarch; the ascent, though
perilous, was exhilarating. Life itself, in
this air, was a joy, and he tried to push
aside every other feeling. At last he stands
alono on tho top of the Mattcrhorn. Who
would attempt with pen to describe the
grandeur of u scene that the artist's brush
has lailed to transfer to canvas? Clifton
Dean felt his isolation; he shrank back
when he compared his own insignificance
wilh the grealness around him.

As the party descended, a rapid pafiorama
shifted before them. Behind them gteained
snowy summits; below thero, green fields.
Glaciers here, and a q^ick turn of the eye

ami from f oine gloD a misty blue baze would
arise. To ibe right, snow fields ; tbcn,
8cemiugly at their very feet, green verdure. 1
The party descended, hurer and lower,
until the street breath of the fir tree came <
like the Bmell of inroD"e to them. Here ,
ne dark bn

Oblique vs. Straight Pe
By a. H. Lewis.

.ites Its pa-

maleriiil used, the manner of constructing
.the points and regulatiog their flexibility ;
but the hnndle used for tcielding the pen,
has not, until within a few years, been im-
proved in any marked degree or essential

As the Joi'RNAL kindly
roo8 to speak, through ilscoli

f imporlHUce relating t'^ the chirographic form,
and there, on some dark brown rock, the welfare of the peopli-, I will venture to give The

wild laburnum that luves t<» nestle among i my views in behalf "f the character of pen- ; the sword, have all been immeasurably im-
rocks would stretch its thick branches over j holders best suited to good writing. , pnived. The axe-handle— also, bandies to

until It looks from below like
n curtam and tassels of gold on
a dark biuksround

Clift )n Dean separated from
his party at me tf the Alpmo
village* and crowed o\er into
Irnly, ani back ngam to his
own home Trying to llee
away from what was so dear,
not knowing that Im lo\o

circumstances how jou baffle
every attempt to arrange our

It was a year after when
Clifton Dean met Mr Lind

n compwmg 1
while lookmg over
some pen work they had each
collcctcJ they came to a pen
drawing jf some Alpi

" I suppose casually re
marlted Mr Lindsey, "that
yoH hear I of the sad end of
Preston po r fellow ! It al
moat makes one shudder when
they tlunk what a tnflo might
havu caused thi

" No," exclaimed Clifton

Mr. Lindsey detailed the
his wife still remains cribbed
in that Alpine village."

What a little it takes to
chauge tbo whole
our lives! A cli

there, and it brings
or joy.

Clifton De;

thOB

I of ;

es were in full loafj
3 of that balmy alill-

now and then its calm was io-
some bird flying to and fro.
On just such a tiiorniug as this
Clifton Dean opened the gate
of the good cure. Mrs. Pres-
ton, comiog down the walk,
di.l not see the mauly form awaiting he;
few steps farther, and she raises her eyes':
their hands met, and the twu, so long separ-
ated, came togeiber in smooth paths. They
were married iu the little church in the vil-
liige, with its white-washed walls.

You and I, reader, will go in as Clifton
Dean opens the door for the first time to bo
alone with his wife. She is standing iu
deep reverie; her bosom rises aud falls as if
some deep feehog were at w..rk ; a smUe is
driuks iu the beauty of this w
early summer of life. She hears his foot-
steps j she turns. An nrliat would give
much to catch that involuntary pose. He
comes nearer; be opens hi
8he is in them; hers are ah.mt his neck J
he's holding her as if ho would never let hor
go; bis lips cling to hers, and their souls
" '"^*'' ^'^cb other. We, standing

the love flow inio the eyes of eaeh.

y ; we will leave them— but not
alone: invisible angels are in that room
witQcssing that great mystery— true mar-
riage.

Remember, that if you ren«w, or send in
your subscription to the Joi;rnal, you
wdl get a 75 ccut book free, or a \$1 book
for 25 cents extra.

Lytton did not unduly magnify
the office of the pen when he said, " In the
liands of men entirely, grest, the jfen is
mightier than the suord." The Joi:bxal,
in every issue, most ably inculcates advanced
ideas of how to successfully handle the pen,
not only in the i)racttcal affairs of educa-
tional and business life, but in the field of j been changed from rigid straight!
artistic endeavor it has shed volumes of , to that of the oblique form. Tl

light.

The genius of invention has done much
for the improTemont of pens — in qu&lity of

implements for cutting grass and grain —
give place in the line of progress to curved
handles, all of American invention, and are
found to admit of greater skill and useful-
ness in the hands of operatives. Surgical
instruments— especially those adapted to the
most skillful and delicate operations — have
tyle
ming-

kni'
has be.

by the addition of the oblique hoi
ndered doubly effective in its us*
I aaaert, to thosA who care how o

what they write, that obliquity required in
American writing renders an oblique instru-
ment for writing eminently sensible, prac-
tical and proper.

In one of the largest schools in New
York, which for two years past secured the
highest average for writing aud other
branches, of any of the schools of the city,
the oblique penholder is used by the etu-
denls, and greatly preferred
to tbo old, straight pen-shaft.
The American Stationer, a
very high authority with the
penholder carries the pen in
the hand of the writer at an
angle approximating to the
slant of writing, and utilizes
both points of the pen alike
in forming letters." Ivison,
Blakeinan, Taylor & Co., In
the Journal, make the plain
and consistent statement that,
"By the oblique i)rinciple,
without crampiug the posi-
tion of the hand, the pen ia
thrown at the proper angle
to letters." In my humble
opinion, the carrying of the
pen in an oblique position on
the left side ot tho main
holder or staff, enables better
action upon the points of the
pen by indirect prcf'sure, ob-
Viftting the harshness and
friction frequently incident to
the use of straight penholders.
The founder of the Spen-
cerian, while he could write,
it is said, elegantly even with
a pen made from a rye-straw,
indorsed the oblique principle
for pens, and used them dur-
ing his later years more than
any other. Several of his
SODS also indorse and use ob-
lique penholders as being
mechanically, practically and
artistically superior to the
straight pen- staff of our an-
cestorB.

and a host of thechirographio
celebrities of the country en-
thusiastically recommend ob-
lique holders for universal
use. Finally, their extended
use for some years past in the
them through the great army
ing, railway, merchandising,
manufacturing and other
counting-rooms at home and

; attachment, which will fit

any penholder, and offered by the JOURNAL

I find to be superior to any yet invented.

Aside from my profession as penman and

have no pecuniary interest in

iplements, but iu common with the

'ho use the pen I believe that

which is best should prevail.

How to Remit Money.

The best and safest way is by Post-office
Order, or a bank draft, on New York ; next,
by registered letter. For fractional parts of
a dollar, send postage-stamps. Do not send
personal checks, especially for small sums,

Some one was once rallying CoDgresa-
man Lefcvre on his eccentric cbirography.
" I ought to write better, that's a fact," he
replied. " Why, some time ago I wrote to
a man thanking him for a clipping cut from
aud date of the paper; and he replied: 'I
follow it, believing that my claim will go
through aud I will get my pension.'"

Am .iOlTIJN VI.

Letter-Writing.

Auticlf II.

By D. T. Amk8.

The imporlance ao'l valne of leiiiR an
«cfioinp!i»hed letter - writer, w<* .li-missefi
fully io our former article. We now endeavor
to oulliuo, in gFDoral, the features of gnud
corresponrlonce.

Letter- wriliop has Ijeen detioed as "'the
itrt of ipcaking with the poD/'and nn clejir,
ready thoiiylils, cxpre.*.ied iu concise and cor-
rect langiinpe, arc the iieofssnryrrrjiiisites uf
gfK.tl flpeakiue. po wiili B-ritm^, "oly more
BO, pince ''ppcaktng wiili the pen'" is much
inoro tedious and liiborioiia than with the
voice, and thn ivrilcr is not prrEcut at
llmrOHding, M in spealtiiig, to repeat or ex-
plain any doiil)Ifiil word or pcnt^nre.

Virst. Among tho reqni&itcs of good let-
ter wrilingi!i,etitirely legible pemnansliipex-
ebiited with grace nod rapidity. Second.'L^w-
gnaire, correct in its grrtmmaiicsil coustruc-
lion; ortliogrnpliy and puuctiiatioQ. lliird.
Tlio proper iiictlj<jd in the arrangement
nf the several parts of the letter. I'ourlh.
ConciaoDesa and precibion iu the exprcssiuu
of tlie tliouglilh Bought to he conveyed;
and, lantli/, tlio cxeiLiae of good judgment,
care, and ucatucss in all that pertains to
coiTcspundeuce — Irom the aelection of the
malonuls to ho used lu the euperscriplion
and hllixing tho postagc-stiutip, with the
goal nud vtry ueco snry injuLcliou to the
post-master tha( " ho duu't lail to dispatch
ilio lelier by Uio lirst mail and by the moat

Of course, tho style of correspondence
should vary widcdy, according to its pur-
pose. Tbu lovu-bK-lc swaiu could scarcely
be expected lu address bia dear Dulciua
witli tho brevity and coucisenegs of a model
Htylua and purposes of correspondence we
blmll irtut iu their appropriate order as we
proceed with our cuut'iio ot iubti'uctiou.

Matehials.
Ijelcct a good (pittlity of paper, and enve-
lopes to miitcb in i^nalily and i»izc, the style
to vary accordmg to tbe purticular branch
of coriespoudfuco iu which they are to be
used. Paper should be selected to nicely
hi, with u uiiuiuiuui number ot folds, its en-
velopes. A good {^ualiiy of black ink should
be Ubcd; red and palu iuka should be espe-
cially avoided; as bbould very tino-pointed

uc I'AUTii or A Letteu and tueir

AltRANQEMENTS.

Hvery letter should consist of eix distinct

-A heading, which should give the

of

pt«.

rt'here the

wniteu, with tlio day, month and year.

Z. — Uhe aUtlicss, giving tho uaiuo and

•1. — Hululalwnvi' coiiiplimeutaryopomug,
such as iSir— Dear Sir,— Madam, etc.

4. — Budy oj ihe ieltcr, which coutauis the

ubbtaui

5. — ComiAiincntanj chiiiig, such us Youra
Truly,— \ try Smceiely, etc.

U. — Suhsciipiiou, wliicb IS simply the
uamuot ihu wnler.

The accoiDpauyiug cut will serve to con-
vey u correct uiipiessiou respecting the
proper use and ariaugvuieut ol tbo i^uveral
parts uf a letter, as above enumerated.

Stv

' Penmansuip.

For purposes of correspondence, writing
ul a medium size, ui* below medium size,
will be lotind mo&l satisfactory. Small
writing 18 iiioio easily and rapidly writ-
leu, nud bteiaea, btuco it occupies less
space, tUo iiuus ol Wiumg uro more sep-
uiated aud dutiucl from each other, lbt;reUy
diiiiiuutbiug Ibu luteiiiiiugliug and cuu-
tu&iuu ul tUu exteudtd liutrs which otleu
seriuusiy mar pages wriuiu uvtr MUh large
wrmug. All uiiiLiiguous aud doubltul torms
for letters, aud UAeless tiourisbing should be

y^/j^ff-^'fy^^^yc^dy^

\ Bidi/of IMt>.]

[Sidjvcripdon.]

,. ^vvw'"/"""i"'-'.7 -"" U'\

Tht above ml is photo-engraved from ptn-and-iuk copy executed hy Lyman P. Sp\

'^7^

studiously avoided, as iliey not only coufusc
and annoy the reader hut uften le«d to seri-
ous or aggravaline mistakes. AliltlecaTe iu
this directino, on the psn of tho writer,
would, many limes, save ilio reader mrich
loES of time and patieueo. In writing names
and initial lettei-.a, m lieio the context can
furnish no aid iu deciphering doubtful forms,
aipbiguity is especially annoying. The fol-
lowing are a few typical examples— all of
wliieh are from act'ial occiirrcuees. and some
of which have been serious in their conso-
quenccs. We present tbetnwith rules which
we have formulated fur the avoidauco, by
writers, of a pernicious use of snperlluous
and flourisbed lines and ambiguous formi>.

UvaM/y /or ^■mf.'iAy

.m.

Jk/.forCyti7/(5:4riJ_

'^-e^-^i^L-

4.

riy for -%J/Citiy

Rule rour.—7ht opiuj T tbooJd urw ba tgopcd Al

Sevenil e^rensive liligationa hnre grown out ol the de.

_,._ f»r

. and whom he Bii|>pMe<l Ua-Hi-E
replied: " Saaie ladiaa chief, or
T.1 eupposiiion in each a ciiy of all

,lhe«g,ml. ThU

J.houldi
the hgu.

Bomaa oajritol Uiler, Ibux

yl/ forA^; O^/ar/P/'ar/'r

yyiy^ --^^mi p«.,lbly fo, a .^^i^. 1.
yfi4^«, .IgalBcaic. a. will b. leeo, I. .till more

ally outogmplii, illegible, should be avoided, ai:

AH I .JOIKNAI.

i/

lorm lor each lell* r or llie alplitkltet, ■□
And perGuilenlly make tbol furui and nu ^.m...

In our next article we slmll preseut o
amples, and trent more directly upon bui
ness correspondence.

By Paul Past.vok.

Until quite receuily, tlio term "A peu-
Bkctch " lias bosD cmplnycd exclusively in a
Jitorary seuse, im-aiiiug a wrilieu production
of a lii^ht and culerlaiuiog nHtiire. Hut late
doveliipuients in fiuo art seem likely to re-
store tu the 1 Iirnse its literal aud proper
mcftuiug— a drawing willi a pen.

I*en-8ketclies are winning recognition as
unifiue and valuable works of art in tlicui-
aelves, and us the " cupy " best adupted to
the purposes of tlio engraver. Tlie artist
who, in liis ori^iua! oreations, inaUrs use of
the pen, has now an advanlftKe over those
who still adliero to the pencil. In the fust
place, his work is susceptible of clear, ac-
curate photography ; aud as the photo-en-
graving pror.fss ifl now very extensively
used iu preparing iliustratir-as for the press,
it is welluigh a necof sity that ink should be
employed iu making the original draught.
Then, again, tliere are delicacies, fiuo cflects,
which can bo produced with the pen, but
are not possible to the coarser and less uni-
form pencil. Those sharp, delicate lines
which constitute the chief superiority of a
Btoel over a wood engraving, produce the
eanio distinction between a pen and a pencil
skfitch. There are very few ariist.s, to be
Bure, who can use the pen to advantage —
the pencil is much easier — but the higher
and better class of work produced by those
who do use the former, leads us ti» hope that
others will make pen-sketching astudy, and
80 bring the art to the front that it shall
supersede the old method of pencil- sketch-
ing.

Drawings in ink possess an intrinsic
value aside from their superior adaptability
to the engraver's art. The acknowledged

fioeneas of the work ; its delightful effect—
Bomethiog bclweeo that of au etching and
a steel engraving ; the rare opportouity af-
forded for displaying the artist's nicenees of
touch; the fulness of detail aud thorough-
ness of technique; the peculiar farililies af-
for^Icd in the handling of heavy shades — all
theeo qualities, aud others appropriate to
the pCD-skelch, give it a very high artistic
value, and render it entirely worthy of the
attention, not only of the excellent draughts
man, but of the gifted artist.

The arts of pen-drawinff and penmanship
aro very closely related. Tiiey use the saiuo
elemental forms, and differ only iu the man-
ner of combiuing them. Penmanship de-
velops these elemental forms into a system
of symmetrical symbols — practical signs
and ornamental symbols. Peu-drawiug
uses them to represent objects and relations
in nature. In the former case, they are used
arbitrarily ; in the latter, imiiatively. As
soon as the pupil in either art oversteps
this purely thcorctio^l bound, lie finds hiui-
self producing uow and different combina-
tions of form. If the penman has a good
share of artistic taste and ahility,he is almost
sure to turn his skill, sooner or later, to pen-
drawing. The ornaiiientJil scrolls and fig-
ures which form an auxiliary branrli of the
penman's art affurd a natural means of
transition to pen-sketching. These forms,
it will be noticed, do not themselves belong
to drawing, for they are arbitrary, fanciful,
symbolic, not clos*?ly imitative of nature, as
tlio forms of drawing are. Tliey affurd a
very good introdiiction, however, to the art
of pen-drawing, inasmuch as they lead the
imagination upward from mere symbols and
signs, suggesting realities which exist iu

Nearly all our leading peumen have ac-*
quired the art of drawing with the pen ;
aud it is to he hoped that, hy-and-by, pen-
drawing and penmanship will ho hudicd
upon only as different branches of the same
art. I believe that the time is not very far
distant when there will be a rennissauce of
the purely inauual in art; when all these
cheap and imperfect reproductinns, multi-
plied for the aisthetic instruction and enjoy
inent of the masses, will bo found to have
served their end, and will be rejected as no
longer needful. Indications of this revolu-
tion may bo seen in ceramics and liand-
painting on rhiua. Instead of a cheap
mechanical method of reproducing one de-
sign, the public now demands that each
article shall have its own original design,
painted upon it hy the artist's own hand.
All who are able to pnrchaso such articles
at all, are r.hle to pay the additional rate
demanded hy the <!enler for original decora-
lion. So I think it will be in ihe matter of
engravings aud the like (chromos have long
since led the way). Then original pruduc--
lious, hearing the arti.<-t't< own i>tHiiip and
personality, will come to be the only thing
desirable as works of art. Paintings will
not then represent the only excellence in
manual art. Drawings and sketches, and
especially pen-sketches, will be in great de-
mand. Instead of engravings and helio-
types, art-dealers will place original produc-
tions in peu, crayon and pencil, upun their
easels. It behooves young penmen to bo
acquinng the art of drawing with the pen.
It will not only increase their mastery of
that instrument, hut it will also fit them for
a class of work which is likely to le of
great value in the near future.

Educational Notes.

[CommuDicaliona for this Deiiarimeni miiy
be addresBt-d to B, V. Kkllj:v.'205 Bnmdwav
New York. Bri*-f tducaiioual iieiuB Bolioited'.]

Teachers in Colorado are in excess of the
demand.

There are nearly 3,500 students at Leipsic
University.

The Public School buildings ia lodiaoa
number 9.55G.

The State Agricultural College of Maine
is in a nourishing oouditioo.

We are indebted to the Greeks for the
earliest germ of the University.

All but seven of the Presidents of the

The first algebra originated with Dio-
phantus, about the tlnrd century n. c.

Girton College, for girls, at Cambridge
University in England is to be enlarged.

Samuel L. Hill gave to the town of
Northfield \$100,000 for educational pur-

The Freshmen Class of the University of
Vermont is the largest in the history of the
institution.

The appointment of w()mcn as School
Superintendents in Illinois has proven uota-
bly successful.

Edward Clark, of Otsego Co., N. Y.,
bequeathed \$50,('00 to the general fund of
Williams College.

The administration and service of the
§20,000 annually.

The movement to secure national aid to
Public School education seems to be rapidly
gathering strength.

George Darwin, a son of the evolutionist,
has beeu elected Professor of Astronomy at
Cambridge University.

There are 1,577 Public School buildings
in New Jersey. Of these, y3 are valued
at above \$40,000 each.

There are in the United States, about 3(14
colleges, having 3.5(10 instructors aud 35,-
1)00 students. — College Record.

Buchtel College, of Akron, Ohio, is the
from John R. Buchtel of that place.

Evening school? for those unable to at-
tend in the day time are needed throughout
the thickly settled portions of the country.

Bequests to Harvard aggregated over
\$400,000 last year. As yet the University is
not as wealthy as Columbia by Sl,000,(JOO.
—Ex.

In England a " Teachers' EduoMional
Loan Society" assists, hy loans without in-
terest, promising female students in need

Students, as well as the Professurs, in tho
Johns Hopkins University, lecture in the in-
stitution on subjects with which they are
especially familiar.

The expenses of the Collegiate Depart-
ment of Yale College, last year, aggregated
Sl(i(;,7fli».70— nearly one-half of which
amount was for salaries.

Harvard University is in good financial
keeping. It has invested funds amounting
to \$4,51 1, 8(; I, from which an income was
derived last year of \$233,352.

A petition, signed by l,351i prominent
citizens of New York, asking for co-educa-
tion, was presented to the Board of Trus-
tees of Columbia College, at a recent meet-
ing-
There are 330 students at the Slate Uni-
versity of Ohio. The introduction of chapel
exercisrs is thought, by many of tho stu-
dents, a Webster's second definition of in-
novation.

The Board of Education are the only peo-
ple in New York who think the teachers
in tho Public Schools have been overpaid.
They propose to raise ttio grade by lowering
the salaries. — Morning Journal.

Miss Jennie £. Davis, who has been
chosen to the head of tho Female Depart-
ment of Liberia College, Liberia, was grad-
uated at the Girls' High School, Boston,
ten years ago, and has since been teaching
in Missouri.

is prevailing

proposal ot the ox-Prei»ident of the Execu-
tive Council iu Switzeiland, M- Schenek, to
Hodenominalionalizo tho educational system
of the country. He declares that religion is
the enemy of progress, and that no clerical
teachers ff any sect must bo allowed. —
Western Educational Journal

Educational Fancies.

[ In every iiiBtance where the source of any

ilt>iH u8m1 in this depai'Un»>iil is known, the

proper credit is glrvii. A lik« courtesy from

olht!i-8 will be appreciated.]

My first supports the ministers ; my
second, the doctors; my whole, tho school-
masters. — Pupil {jicw piU).

" If I should cut the hardness, smooth-
ness, redness, roundness and cedar-ness ofT
this pencil, what would be left f " "A gono-

" I pla by ere," wrote a St. Louis belle
to a Chicago Prolessor : who immediately
wrote her, saying that he believed she also
spelled that way.

Yale College talks of adopting a new
yell. Anybody knowing of anything par-
ticularly horrible will please forward a dia-
gram. — Morning Journal.

" Now, my dear," said tho teacher, " tell
me what is memory?" The little girl
answered, after a moment's rellection : "It
is the thing you forget with." — Ex.

The Stuuy of Histokv. Grandpa:
"And so you like Edward VI. best, but
whyl" Mary: "Well, then, because —
he's only a page and a half long." — Ex.

*' Who was it that said it was not good
for man to be alone f" asked a Sunday-
school teacher of the members of his class.
A boy answered, " Daniel, sir, when in tho
lion's den!"

" What makes you look so solemn 1 "
said Soph to a freshman whom he had just
thrown at tlio ball game. " Tho force of
gravity," replied the latter as he whisked
himself off— A'x.

One of the first lessons that ought to be
taught at the many fashionable cooking-
schools is: " Never stir the hash with ono
hand and ainooth the hair with the other."
— Morning Journal.

" Pa, is it right to call a man born in Po-
land a Polo I" "Of course, my child."
" Well, then, if a man is born in HoUaud,
is ho a Hole t" " Tut, tut ! I'll answer no
more of your silly questions I "

TeacJtcr : " What did tho Pilgrim
Fathers first do upon landing at Plymouth
UockT" Pupil: "They fell upou their
knees." Tcaclter: "What next?" Pupil:
"They fell upou their aboiigines."

" Do they speak China in Canton, Ohio !"
tho sad passenger wanted to know. " Yes,"
tho brakf man said, " broken China."
" Same as (hey speak gum Arabic in Cairo,
Illinois, I supp(jse,'' the sad passenger re-
marked. — Ex.

A student at ono of our colleges mis-
translated a word "bird," and somo one of
his class whispered that tho word should be
thief. "What kind of a bird, sir I " asked
tho professor, sarcastically. "A jail bird

The remark of the jiious ^iieae.tho claasic
exclamation, " Ilorreecorcrereus" — "I shud-
der to relate"— is supposed to be the proto-
type of tho modern expression, "I should
blush to murmur," " I should litter to ejacu-
late," eic— Lowell Citizen.

Teacher: "Why, how stupid you aro,
to be sure! Can't multiply cighty-c-ight by
twenty-five f I'll wager that Charles can do
it in less than do time." Pupil: "I
should'nt be surprised. Tlicy say that fools

A fond father purchased a set of tools for
his boy, paying therefor the eutn of \$3.25.
In a short lime the lad bored six holes in
the piano case, sawed off six chair legs,
split two duor panels and amputated the
aofk'a left ann. Find what the exact sum

fAKT JOUKSAi;

toolB arc fur sale at one-third oS.—Detroit
Free Press.

A School Examination. — Eloquent
happy boys. Eloqueot speaker speaks his
piece. Toward end grows olotiuenl. At
the close gets out some tremendous rhap-
sodies on the American flag stretched in the
rear of the platform across one corner of

Position.

By W. p. Cooper.

Mr. Peirce's rules and observations,

regard to Position, are good. They f

worthy of being put in practice, in soi

form, by every scribe in the country, a

body to give proper importsncc,
and weight tu the whole subject.

We may, perhaps, as well apeak first
some of the evils of a bad posit
public, or the sttideut, msy say
rules aud remarks are guod, but i
ative. We need but very Jiille
about position " Or, other po^il
rules of position are just as good;
mutter of position is of no great

The
These
imper-

himself, dying with consumi'tiuD, told me
a few yeais ago, that his own sickness was
to be attiibutcd vrholly to bad position aud
practice while writing. "Furthermore,"
said he, "what is most serious and alarm*
of your prolessiou is this: in many, evou,
perhaps, a majority, of cases, so subtle, so
deceptive, so guarded aud so peculiar are
these progressive movements t<i decay, dis-

i<?/^/t^ ^/'//0^l(&i'!mG^m^

i^i^,;,;-^'^^-

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t'^^^^^^^'^^^^-^^^-'z^r^^^y^^u^^-n-

the room. " See that flag, boy, ! Emblem
of hbeity; sign „f bjallj; token of free-
dom ! Bo,s, why, oh why, is that flag hung
there f " Just then a lilllo jackanapes of a
boy pr>.ii,plly squeaked out : " It's put there
to hide the dirt, sir." Great applause. Boy
says no more.

A Frenchman learning the English lan-
guage complained of the irregularity of the
verb " to go," the present tense of which
eoiiie wag had written out for him as fol-
lows: "Igoj thon starts; hedepwta; we

deserve the most serious consideration by
all schools and colleges having to do with
this art or business in the land.

What we say, or add, in this number of
the JoonsAL, is not to interfere with, or
improve, Mr. Peirce, but rather, in a few
remarks, hints and suggestions to urge
greater attention to thU business of Position
aud eierything belonging to or connected
'.Mthit.

By woat has been, and what will be
said, we wish to fully review, or bring out!
what b«long8 to the matior, and get orory-

or, especial attention to this subject is a
thing of iudifferonco, etc, etc. We will
first, say something of the evils of a bad
position while writing. I have known
cases of cancer of the stomach, iudamma-
lion ol gall bladder, liver complaint, kidney
and bladder disease, bronchitis— but above
all a we.-ikening and final giving out of all
the organs lying in or near the middle o(
the body— cases of disease, the cause of
which was, beyond cavil or doubt, ba.l posi-
Uon while writing, or other malpractice
in the use ol the pen. An old recorder

ease and death, that the scribe ai'prehends
nothing serious until medicine cannot re-
store bim to health, or even prolong life."
Persons in health do not expect disease, and
therefore lliey do not fear it and will not
guard against it.

Mr. Peirce gives a role for learning. We
should say, the rule is well enough; but
lean as little as possible. Wo lean to bring
the head nearer the table— to better see and
to give a steadier nerve and more perfect
power over the hands. Fifteen degrees'
luelination from perpeudumkr we think

—s^W- '- ilLLa -F.;L iJ ^ v^>?^^''^

«br

uIJa

Mr

Ptircc

oea Dot tell us

ta

lean

or n

t to

eao asa

D!t the table.

Bu

t wo

My,

avoid leaniQg

agaioet c

Cher

lallu

or <I»k.

The body and

Itreast el

ould

havo

that freedom of blood-

dr

ulatiu

aclio

n wbicli

can ODiy result

from a positiuD of the body not in cootact
with table or desk.

ItRBATniNG.

Whatever deranges or impairs proper
aoil free breatbiog is unlieallhy and iigiiri-
oufl. Now, does it occur to us ihat titoro
is DO really oatural breathing wliilc wrJt-
iDgf Sufh is the fncl: we breatho short-
Supprejs breath, bdiI, we might say, omit
the loDg breaths altogether. Try an ex-
peiiinent at your table at good wiiliug, and
you will see (juickly how true the above
observation is. Now, we cannot give you
this rule: breathe natural and without re-
straint ; but we choose riither to fay, breathe
as nearly lilie your breathing when not
writing as you can, and pause often to sup-
ply the mi.ssiug long breath. If we lean
loo murh, the body heats and tho legs and
feet get co!d. If wo bend the arms too
much, the muscles and Llood-vessela are
confined and cramped. " But," says one,
" why lean at all, or rest the arm at all f "
Wc reply, a certain amount of ineliuatioo
increases your power over the pen, and also
sustains prolonged exertion over your books.

any position f The reason is, a natural ad-
vantage physically. But what we say is
not really fur tho favored few, but the un-
fortunate many. Wo Ihiuk that, willi no
right piisiiion and practice can live as long
at this as any other business. When such
is tho work or tlie occasion that we care
not how \v9 write, perhaps almost any posi-
tion will answer; but if you would write
rapidly and well, get into position and keep
in poaition. By such precautions as are
possible you will so far favor your fat-ulties
as to suffer but little, perhaps, frum a con-
tinued and laborious use of tho pen.

Tho standing position has peculiar and
important advanlnges. It is oiie that favors
arms, breast, aLd free circulation of tho
bloud more than any other. But it wants
the firmness of the poi-ition setting, and it
will not admit of tho same full and com-
plete control of the powers and faculties.
Tho bottoms of tti© feet should rest sfjiiHre-
ly, but not heavily, upon the lloorj either
may be advanced a few inches; but wo can
see no possible advantage in pushing the
feet back, in any case. Wo may bo told
that the side position may be used for a
change; very likely, if a chaugo to rest tho
faculties is needed. If, fur urgent and un-
avoidable reasons, tho sido position is neces-
sary, use it. Ou© reason for rejecting the
side poaition is, that it not only encourages
too much of tho stooping posture (which,
by compressiug, iujures all of the lower
organs of the body), but, by the continued
elevation of the right arm and the steady

lin upon iho organs of the right side,
ntldinmation results; to some one
or more, vital, serious, and it may be fatal.
While occupied by many kinds of pen-labor
we may, for a change, resort to the high
desk. Tho scribe's high stool is commended
for many advantages supposed to belong to
its uso, but wo see uo partiuular or great
need of using it. Use it, however, if you
like it; but keep tho feet in tront, and
firmly planted on souiothiog, as nothing is
gained from thrusting these back, in any
case. "What," says oue, "shall we do if

I of I

' proper posi-
tion-l" Why, nothing less or more than
whiix under tho circumstances we can.

We use, in oiir school -houses, desks; in
our offices, loth tables and desks. Tables,
on tho whole, because constructed nearer as
we need them, are the best. Desks nearly
always have too much slope ; one inch to
the foot is enough. Tables would be better
always prepared with one-half or one inch
to the foot.

Objects on the inclined plane are better
•eeo ; the arms and wrist work more naJu-

ral and easy, and the pen overcomes equal-
ly well alt dilficullies, in upward and down-
ward movement- If, as our Missouri friend
insists, good tables and graded desks are
not always to be had, we say, get them
made, and pay for them as quickly as you
can, and then use them in a workmanlike

In conclusion, we say, study both Spencer
and Peirce over and over; try all methods
yourself; sound tho sense of Cooper's hints,
and then, if you will do what your best
judgment shall dlctaie, we shall be satisfied.

glanced at many things: wo havo offered
assertions without proper proof, or sufficieut
proof; wo havn wholly omitted much of
which we wished to speak; but evidence,
where needed, can be furnished, and other
matters can, if called for, be discussed.

without another word; "But," says some
one, "what should be the hight of desk or
table for any particular person t There
may bo for this question a clear, proper,
aud easy answer — short also, and to the
pi'int; but wo confess ourselves perploxeti
to reach or word a proper answer at all
Suppose, then, we say, have tho front of
tho desk or table as high as the middle of
the breast— well, we may as well say, two
inches below the middle of the breast : we
mean, where tho table or desk has but little
slope; a very slanting desk is a nuisance.
Suppose wo answer in one other way: sup-
pose wo choose a table or desk that, with
fifteen degrees' inclination from perpendicu-
lar of the body, leaves every part thereof
together with hand, wrist, and arms, aud
we will say, neck and head the nearest, iu a
free, natural, and unrestrained posiiitm. Wv
ask the twenty thousand Boards of Educa-
tion of our country, if this answer is a poor
oue, to anewer the question for us and them-
selves.

Itinerant Professors.
By C. H. PEincu.

This catches 'em all, aud wo do not deny
tho charge. It is jusi, and wo point with
pride to that long-ago time when we djil
our best to honor the profession and benelit
mankind. We were successful; and to this
we owe our present position.

Tho beginning of any teacher's career is
a dreaded moment, because it is fraught
with discouragement; but a beginning is,
iind must be, made, and to bravo the storm
is the surest modus operandi.

Success does not cumo to all. And whyt
Every ono desires success and would surely
possess it if wishing would bring results.

Discouragements come to all ; but they
are met by different forces and thus have dif-
ferent results.

Tho itinerant professor who is not well
armed caunot defeud himself against even
the lesser forces, and must surely succumb
when met by the very ol*3tacles that are over
present, and that, if not surmounted, will
place him among tho " lizzies" of his day.

It is not wisdom to oven hojie for success
when tho iugr-.dients are not present to

Discouragements throw weak minds off
their balance, and if you aro atflicted, your
faso is hopeless. One of the causes of
failure mdy be attributed to blind stupidity.

In tho face of ordinary reason, good sense,
and a little general knowledee of people
and things, tho young aspirant darea ask, iu
a weak voice and in a weak-kneed manner,
the charily of the world.

Does bo get it i No. And why 1 Be-
cause be does not possess the elements of
mauhood combined with that which is es-
sential to his honorable calling. In short,
tho itinerant professor must be better qual-
ified in every respect if he would keep pace
with this age and hope for a share of the
honor and a respectable livelihood.

It is not un-ommon that the claims of
professorship are based upon the power to
write even well. Is this enough? No.
Will suooesa come to anyone because of

ability to write even wellt Not necessarily.
Will a few specimens of a dash and display
character cover up a multitude of sinst
Will recommendations prove the winning
card? Will one or two spasmodic efforts
servo to determine your success or failure as
a teacher? Will grammatical errors weigh
in the balance ? Is respectability a consid-
eration? Is honesty the best policy? Will
the record bear the closest scrutiny? These
and many other questions must be asked

As the parts compose tho whole, so do
tact, talent, eae-gy, manhood (and all that
make up the true teacher) serve to render
him efficient and successful.

Is it possible to ignore characteristic fea-
tures of the true teacher, and then blindly
run the gauntlet, with the remotest hopes
for encouragement?

That tho typical professor must plead
guilty to many, many charges, is admitted;
hut that ho should abandon his calling be-
cause of little inaccuracies would bo to
demand tho resignation of nine-tenths of
regular teachers because of their inability
to teach wiiting.

The law honestly provides for this neces-
sity, but tho farco is enacted, and public
opinion will not shake oft" its lethargy, be-
cause of false notiims that have gained cre-
dence with each succeeding generation.

In all departments of learning it has
been demonstrated that superior results are
tho outgrowth of specialists.

Tho itineraut professor is an embryo spe-
cialist, and his efforts must be encouraged
in order to counteract the very great defi-
ciency in our regular corps of teachers.

If the Btigina attached to this department
of the profession is tho error of preceding
generations, let the present throw it off by
meeting demands that surely aro not beyond
the bounds of reason.

Great occasions produce great men, aud
upon this hypothesis work with a will.
This is a day of specialists, and we hop.* to
see tho time when the itinerant professor
will be recognized at 100 cents on tho dol-
lar. If, however, he does not prove his
worth by genuine ability, ho surely must be
content with tho popular verdict.

"Excellence" must be the motto.

Ii requires effort, purpose, activity, per-
severance, to win. Work in a spirit of
play, in a light, happy, cheerful, earnest
spirit. Not in a spiiit of drudgery, of
bondage; sour, dissatisfied, discontented.

Oue spirit makes every work a pleasure,
a delight; the other, a task, a burden.

Drudgery is soui, slow, stupid, plodding
for an end, a prize. Tho playful spirit,
leaps, runs, rejoices, hastens to tho end.
The bright, cheerful, hopeful disposition is
in love with its work, and because it loves
its work it will strive to do it well, will
strive to do its best.

Can tho itinerant iirofcssor lay claim to
all this? If not, dream of prosperity no
more until you have fitted yourself to meet
the larger per cent, of demands that the
public havo a just right to expect.

Remark.— Iu a series of articles I will
endeavor to state, satisfactorily, the best
course for traveling penmen.

An Easy One.— A witness in a case in
court tho other day, was asked whether he
had much experience in and knew the cost
of feeding cattle, and to give his estimate
of the cost of feeding a cow, to which he
replied: "My father before uie kept a
dairy. I have had a great deal of experience
in buying and selling and keeping cattle, as
man and boy, iu the dairy business for fifty
years. I think my long experience has
qualified me to know as well as any man
can, the cost of keeping and feeding cattle."

"Well," broke in the attorney, impa-
tiently, " tell us the cost of keeping a cow."

"Well, sir, my experience, after fifty
years in the business, is that it costs- well,
it depends entirely on how much you feed
the oow."

Sophie.

Uy twy

A* trippingly

in It glide oToDf
ipping—
I, along Dtvndnny,

T her mnlcliloM fonn,

For a aomething lli

I t«

nil erirncBf

BeneaUi, around,

her.

"YoHlove her-nii

dtli

lovoa you, too.

But only na n \nb

llier

Vou lie! yoti cold,

leol

You'll never trace

nnn

her

Secret of my thiob

mg

lifarl!

"Sti« lovea yoti i

Ot

luiiidptis n-ill

Solar Systems Other Than Our
Own.

Wo know of a great number of stars
which are accompanied hy smaller stars
moving around them like the earth around
the sun. These systems, which aro now
numbered by hundreds, have been so care-
fully observed, that we havo been enabled
to calculate the orbits and periods of the
planets, brilliant or opaque, which compose
them.

It is, then, no longer on mere hypothesis
that we can speak of solar systems other
than our own, but with certainty, since wo
already know a great number, of every
order and of every nature. Single stars
should be considered as suns analogous to
our own, surrounded by planetary worlds.
Double stars, of which the second star is
quite small, should bo placed in tho same
class, for this second star may ho an opaque
planet rcllecting only the light of tho large
one, or a planet still giving out heat and
light. Double stars, of which tho two com-
ponents give tho same brightness, are com-
binations of two suns, around each of which
may gravitate planets invislhlo from this
distance; these aro worlds absolutely dif-
ferent from those of our system, for ihcy are
lighted up hy tioo suns— sometimes simul-
taneous, sometimes successive — of diflerent
magnitude, according to tho distances of
these planets from each of them ; and they
have double years, of which tho winter
is warmed by a supplementary sun ; and
double days, of which the nights are illumi-
nated, not only by moons of different colors,
but also by a new sun— a sun of night!

Those brilliant points which sparkle in
the midnight sky, and which havo, during
so many ages, remained ns mysteries in the ■
imagination of our fathers, arc therefore
veiitable suns, immense and mighty, gov-
erning, in the parts of space lighted by their
splendor, systems different from that of
which we form a part. The sky is no
longer a gloomy desert ; its ancient solitudes
have become regions peopled like those of
which the earth is located ; obscurity,
silence, death, which reigned in these far-off
distances, have given place to light, to
motion, to life; thousands and milli'ma of
suns pour in vast waves into space the
energy, the heat and the diverse undulations
which emanate from their fires. All these
movements follow each other, interfere, con-
tend or harmonize, in the maintenance and
incessant development of universal life. —
PoptUar Science Monthly.

And TEACHERS' GUIDE.

P«bUi.h«d Monthly at SI p*t- Ye

Slngla ioMTtloD, 30 nmli par !)»■ nonpnivll.

«lnmi) rwno" \$S «lS llTVOfi

Bch. isiiDM.'.''.'. 3 25 «.50 10.00 1800

nDw: for all monlliK itni one )-ev. ii«>-atili' qoarlerl^
kilrkrrw. No lUtlMliuo frum lh« KboTS rftt«a. B«ftd-

LIBERAL INDUCEMENTS.

> «ny pf not) ■'ndltifr 1h«lr own and nnolhCT name m
»ll to ibe WDiIer, a copy ol either of lliv Tullon'tng
Conirdon't Nonnal Syalein of Leilerintt

;8, W»<n In. ! rcrnlU for 92. Or, n r
"■ llflml'bniilt of Arlinlio Peninni)ii1i>|
"SinniUifil PfTWlIfnl Pt-nmnnilili."
naniu and r if» nrlll forwani a <i
tPBPhfittlVaiilile": relBlIf forlS.

-'WllllamB & Poohard'a Oeuii

Witliont a BrsctAi, pKTniiii

;■»!'- •'■SI

10 " 6.00 I 150 " ""'/.y.V. Sl'.OQ

The JouiWAi wlU be i»nrA a> nearly ae poulble oo

r. Money liinliweit Id
PENMAN'S ART JOURNAL

Bniiidtvay, Neir Yort;
LONDON AOENCV.

promiiily iitteudeil la by llie

INTERNATIONAL NEWS COMPANY.

rcr

« *tu)>|<e(l uDilI the eubiiuripiloD

Nkw York, FnnnuARv, 1883.

Ambidextrous Writing.

Jii.l«P Jero Black frtl a short limo ago
an.l frHi'tiirp(i his rinlit urin in eovoml
places. lJeinc:m old man. llio pliyMcinns
8Hy that bo «iM prol.nl.ly nevrr recover the
iiBe of It. A surprisiuir faot is that ho Ims
loanied to writo with groat facility ami rap-
idily with Ins left haud auit Piilt romlncis
Ilia owu correspoudouco.— i^. Y. Telegram.

It is a well authenticated fact that Thomas
Jofferaou, afi-T iniJdlo life, by an accident
which almost entirely deprived bim of the
U50 of his rigbt-hand, was forced to make
U80 of his loft-baud for writing. IIo ulii-
mitoly acquired a fdcility with the left,
nearly oqiml to ibat wbiob was common to
tbo use of his right, hand for nearly half u
ceotnry.

lo cbauginc to the use of bis left-hand
the cbaracteristics of bis baudwriiing ro-
aainod unchanged. His left- hand con-
tinnod to express, on paper, tbo chiro-
grapbio forms so many years resident in Lis
mind.

In tbo August number of the Journal,
the advantages of amhidoxtrous m riling
were enumerated, and au "easy way " of
accomplishing the work waa given. Two

years ago over fire hundred pupils were in-
elrucled in ambidextrous u-riling, at the
Spenceriau College in Wasbington, D. C,
and during the past year Mr. II. A. Spencer
bas io^truclcd about tbc eamo number in
Xew York and Brooklyc, to write both with
the right and left hand. He is new en-
gaged in conducting a class, many of whom
are the sons of New York millionaires,
bankers and merrhant princes. At each
lesson the left-hand is trained equally with
the right, aixl the results already attained
from a few lessons, show ambidextrous
writing to be a feasible as well as a practical
feature in educational work.

Wo give, in Ibis number, a right and left
hand spocimeo from yuung Carl Scburz.
He is 13 years of age, aud is tbo sou of the
Hon. Carl Scburz, ex- Secretary of the
Dept. of tbo Interior, and now the editor-
in-chief of the N. Y. Post. The sou has
never, until recently, manifested any special
liking or aptitude for writing, and in the
institution wbero be is being educated quite
a number of students excel bim in right-
hand writing, and also show nearly as mer-
itorious work with tbo left-band. That
young Carl will acquire the habit of writ-
ing well with both bauds, his published
specimen gives most favorable promise.

In common with the young gentlemen in
his school, be bas made free use of that in-
valuable aid and incentive to good writing,
The Standard Practical Penmansbip. The
sale of this popular work now leads all
other ebirograpliic publications for self-;n-

The King Club

Fur this mrmth comes from the Penmi
and Art D.-psiluients of the Northei

gregating i

ihers Ji/ttj- three ; while a club o( fifty -
comes from Fred J. Judd, of Jenning's
linary, Aurora, III. The five cluba
ro mentioned, abino give an aggregate
pa^e of 4CiS subscriptions, while the
03 of lessor ones, and buodreds of single
.1 the number into the thousands, ag-
re than for any previous three
the publication of the Jour-
nal. For these numerous and substantial
tokeus of goodwill and appreciation on tbo
part of our patrons, we return our most
earnest thanks, and pledge our besf efforts
to make the Journal an ever -welcome
and eaiertainin; monthly visitor.

The " Hand-book" as a Premium.

We liH

decided

until further
paper) free t

be "Hand book" (in
ers.mremiiiiDgSI for
a subscription or reuowal to the JdURNAL
for one year, or, for \$1.25, tbo hi'ok hand-
somely bound in clotb. Price of the book,
by iiiHil, iu cloth, \$1 ; iu paper, 7.5 cents.
Liberal discount to teachers and agents.

Work and its W^orth.

Iu the course of an able and iuteresting
Address delivered, on iho 2d inst., before
the students of Eaton & Burneifn Business
College, Baliimore, Md., the Rev. O. H.

huih

■T.ilaudt
■ towi

umph

pires, aud l»catei
pathways fur commerce and
"Tbedi>.tiuctinns<.rwMrk

twins. Work ha:
!S, established em
u white in makitif

I bitrary

JZ/^' fZ< 7^Z^-^7^ ,'fTj^r^'^'Z-^^

^^zM^-nc^^ ^t^^'Tp^z/M^A^

-i^'-'-^f'^^ -'^.^Z^l^J

■auiia a'l'iU.i-j wUU botk the rUjld and Ufl hunt I
(AVc article entUled ■' Ambidextrous Writintj.*)

diaua Normal and Businpss Institute, Val-
paraiso, Ind., and i.-« sent by E. K. Isaacs,
who is tbo penman at that Institution ; the
club numbered one hundred and seventy- one,
which is nut only King, but it is the largest
single club ever received at the office of the
Journal, and niakes a grand aggregate of
fourteen hundred and ninety- six sub-
scriptions received through Mr. Isaacs and
his predecessor, C. W. Boucher, from this
single institution within a period of a lilile
over two years. As w© have befure ob-
ser-'ed, it is the well instrurted and inter-
ested pupils who are most likely to find sat-
isfaction in, and desire, the monthly visits
of such a paper as the Journal. Judged
by this, and wo believe a correct, basis, Mr.
Isaacs and bis associaloa at Valparaiso are
Queen Club comes from Folsom's Albany
(N. Y.) Business College, and numbers one
dred and eleven ; it was sent by C. E.

rI.Hinly i

Cariiart. So large j
cative of good and
part of Mr. Carbarl, who is iu charge of tbo
Penmanship Department of the College.
The third club in size comes from tho
B. & S. Davouport(Iowa) Business College,
aud uumbonj seventy- six, and was sent by
S A. D. Han, the accomplished penman at
that inatitutiou. The fourth largest club
comes from A. H. Ilinman, of Hinman's

assumption. Society ia divided into two
classes : those who w..rk, and those who do
not work. Those wh-i do not work are
Composed o( those who, having wealtli,
make uu exorlb.u, known as aristocrats;
those who caunut live without working, but
do not work, known as paupers. There is
a curious coincidenco between paupers and
aristocrats — where most castles stand, near
by are hovels; lords are jostled on the
streets by beggar-". On the other hand, wo
have those who are in any degree dependent
upon their labor; those who do something
— farmers, merehants, professional men.
The extremes of this class blend intimately
with each of the former classes. If tho
aristocrats aro tho gilded ornaments of so-
ciety, and if the paupers are tho sores upon
tbo body politic, then the workers are its
strength. The toilers of to-day are ibe
capitalists of to-morrow. Our workingmen
'■ "" lufortably than many employers

1 othei

uutri

J do.'^

Speaking of tho rewards given to labor,
Mr. Tiffany said : " Wo have had two mar-
tyred Prosideuls ; hoib camo from the hum-
blest walks. The blood of Garfield bathed
tho world in tears. Working mediocrity
outstrips lazy genius."

The lecturer, iu closing, spoko of the
time being not far in tbc future when the
worth of work would have its full apprfeia-
tiou.^ " When society shall shake off iis
artificial drapiogs, aud man ho recognized
as man because be is man, apart from tho
fictitious dislinctions of birth and weallh
and lineage, then a new order of things w ill
be ushered in; then the true worker will
receive bis proper meed of praise; the
beaded drops upon the laborer's brow will
be the nation's proudest coronei; and the

Back Numbers
Of tho Journal can bo mailed from and
inclusive of February, I?7!>, except the May
number for that year. >!(! numbers in all,
to January, 18:?:J, will be mailed, with any
four of the pen-pictures offered as premiums,
for S4 ; without premiums, for \$3. Only a
few of several numbers remain, and those
wishing back uumhcrs should order them
without delay. Tho binder, which will
contain all the back numbers, will bo ia-

pendiums."
In the Atlantic Monthly, for January,
appears tlie following article upon " Com-
pendium " sjstcpns of penmanship :

Wehax-e long lelieced that ibe " Comppn-
.'ium" deception takes rauk willi the greAte^t
bi.nibuge ot the age. The " Compendiiuu "
system of pemnanebip we belipve to bo iioibing
but rank liunibii^gsry, for several rea)>uus. In
the first place, it is not good, practical penman-
hhip. Those who try to follow the "Com-
pendium " system do not gel a practical busi-
ueas hand. Serondlij, it will not do what is
chimed for it. As a Bvstxm of penmanshtp it
ia not to be compared wiili several copy-buoks
and slips-copy eyetema lo b« had at any hosk-
atorefor ihe samemouey. Thirdly, the fac-pimile
autographs aud those who claim to have writ-
iHU Ibem are the greatfst (rands conufcted with
the business, excepting only the publisber. In
some caaea llieae autographs were never writ-
ten by those who are said to have wrilffnlhem.
In other cases the autographs are " doctored "
befort- they are engraved, until the wriif r bim-
aelf would scarcely know them. In almost
every ease the writers ot theae elegant (f ) auto-
graphs have learned to writa under the in-
atrucliou of penmen of business colleges or in
writing classes, and never devoted one hour of
lime to tbiT* "Compendium" syat'-m. They are
led to indorse the system iu order to see iheir
pretty (t) faces io the papers :

"That that new penmanship method can be
depended upon, every time, to take the cliHrnc-
ter all out of the Mudeni'a liandwriling is a
tiling which the printed fac-simile ppecinieiis
have lung ngo proved, lo the aatiefaction of the
very last doubter. But what I want to know
is, does it lake the character nul of the aludent
bimfielf. at ihe same lime t I sbuuld think it
must be so; but here we have only a sort of
nferenlinLcircimistimliHl evidence, not proof—

fill *

the p.,

i-tl purlrnitB of the
I liny meddled with ihat

Ibit

and '• Alier priiciid.;j. the .vMem." ih^y pu
along with the portntil nf ibe succeat-fiil alu
dent aiioiber portrait, i-bowiiig what be wa
lihb ' before practicing the I'yelem.' "

Letter -Writing. —An exercise which
should be introduced into all our schools is
letter- writing. Aside from the instruction
iu composiiion which is thus imparted, ituc-
customs children to express themselves nat-
urally in corre*^pondence. It may sound in-
credible, but it is true, that many growu-up
people, and tcacbera at th.it, do not know
how to write tho simplest business letter.
They cannot place the address and date in
the proper place, and they do not know
liow to express what they want to say.
They can talk intelligibly, but when it
comes to writing, their sens? seems to desert
them. Tho reason of this is that they have
never had practice under a ciunpetent in-
structor. A few hours spent each week in
this exercise would bo profitably employed.
— Exchange.

Remember that ihe Handbook of Artistic
Penmanship— giving thirty-two large pages
of flourishing aud lettering— is mailed frco

cloth, lo every person sending \$1 for a sub-
scription or renewal to tfao Journal.

Special Notice.

The 8inck of ihe "Centennial Picture,"
'jnx2(?, H'liicli WG have liitlierto sent as a
jnfiiiimn, having been ox'cawsted, ami tt-p
plates from whii^h they were printed dt-
itroyed, we now offer to mail, as a premitim,
tho larger oize, 28x40, of which we have a
cfiniideralile number on hand, for 25 cents
extra, whiirh is a IrlBe abuvo the co?t fur
pnAtagc and tiibr-s.

This 19 a picture of rare trIuo, and should
li;ive a place in every pclioolronni and home
111 the Uiid. A key giving full cxpliinatiou
of tlie design will accompany each picture.
Tliiinaands of ilieao pictures have been sold
Iiy agents at \$3 each.

Tiie fi)lb)wing are a few of the tnany
ciimmeuls fniiit tho press and eminent men :

,ll«

I, inMciilc..-

e ol penniiiiiBliip and n pirtu-e of
—ManufttctuTtr and Huililtr.

.r..21

a uplvuditl

IlI.e

i-lTHnl nnil n

liilio."— rfi* Irith World

.„l'::f:Z"~-i

•londiil slj-lP, and dioiild meet with
i/jertiM (A', r } Tdtgreph.

ir,K «.

r.';!-','"."

■ea.-~Xtu.-ark (If. J) Morninff

£?

rr'r ■

rwhietion, ond dwerxe* n pliico in

S0C[> ■•— iV

SE^

X romnrkabla em«1i of ll.e ago. nnd
ennial prudiioiioii we Uave ever

,lJ.'.'v«'h

le mo,i ii.ge

loiuanatrlihinghlirorioet lllmirs-
"— J\Vw Tor* Sunday Mrrcury.

ihrilling;

Mnrcpliiin U

granil; (Le tO'Dca, life-itke and
(cuiion, mailerly."— r/ie WHting

ri.l.irel

Pingr*»."-

ennmnship. and an extraonlinnry
Kern Ymk Uaihj Erprest.

-^nJL

renmrkuWy Ingenloiw iinil beautiful i>ieUire."
^latu CtnUnnial ire/wnit.

\,Ll't',

he inoKl rvi
«Dn."-Si,.

acuufJV. y.) DaUy Standard.

Urookli/n

Dails Timu

uud remnrkablo peu-picturo "—

ifroolfyn

\ innalcrpipco of imlience and skill, by fur (lie
(N. y.)Da\Uj Unim.

ingeDlau«eiid»kilirul." — Rtv.l

•■ The Cenleonlal Pktiire of Progrru ts n work of greut
nblllly and rcBl (fcniiw "— Hov. Ei.WAliua l'ltlutEI'0-\T,
Alloniej -Gcnoml wf U. S. Wu.liing(oo, D. C.

"It Uvery iDleresling."— Ilox. ALOXZO Taft. V. S.
S«orel*ty of Wnr. Wasbington, D. C.

■' It I* a b«uiirul work of art '•-IIox.R H.BlueTow.

When to Subscribe.

For several reasons it is desirable, tha*, so
far as is practicable, subsoriplinns should
begin with the year, yet it is entirt-ly op-
tional with the subscriber as to when his
sabscription shall commence. Those who
may be specially interested in tho very prac-
tical and valuable course of lesS'ius com-
menced by Prof. H. C. Spencer may have
their subscriptions betin with the May
number, in which is the first lesson of the

Allhongh au expert jiemnan may rise t(
distinction he will never make " his mark.'

No, but tlien be will always tlourisb.—
Boston Com. Bulletin.

It is the shipping clerk who makes '' hii
mark."— fff »/ci-'s Stationer.

Yes, yes; but you kuow the penmai
makes the master stroke.

Treasury \)\
Washinoto.v, D. C, Jan. 21), 1883
Editor Penman's Art Journal.

Dear Sir: — I inclose herewith \$1 to re
new my subscription tn the Journal.
Though iu no sense a pemnun, I d.i ai'inire
tlie Journal, I coum-Ut it a valuable ia-
slrucior iu the art of peiunaiiship. It does
much toward keeping up a public interest
ii writing. Very rcspecifiilly,

M. V. Casev.

W. N. Yercx, ol ihe L-mdon (Can.)
Business College, souds a elub uf fifteen
sub!<uribers, and, in au elueautly written
loiter, says: " Nearly five years ago, when
I liritt saw and subscribed Tor the Journal,
I little thought that it would contioue to
Increase ia excellence S'l tnany years, but,
really, age seems to agree with it."

CSt

Spencergraphic
Penholder.

Hymeneal.
II \V. Bearce, special teacher of writing
in ih© public echnols of Bridgeport, Couu.,
passed iriuiuphuutly from tlie state of t.'in^h
to duublo blessedness ou December 25ib.
Tbo special cause 'of tho transition was
Mrs. L. W. Marplc, of Bridgeport, where
tbo ceremony was performed. Mr. Bcarco
18 au accomplished writer and a popular
teacher. May their sojuurn in tho new
ttate be lung and mutually oongeitial. l

This penholder possesses more of the
vequisites for easy, practical writing than
any jieuholder of the oblique order yet in-
vented. It has the qnalities uceded in a
straight holder and the special advantages of
tho oblique penholder. These two principles
are so perfectly united in this invention as to
mako it tho best writing iuiplemont extant.
The Journal will send two of them by
itiail, iagood order, on recci(.t of 20 cents.

Send \$1 Bills.

Wo wish our pat^^*u^ to bear in mind that
in payment for subscriptions we do not de-
sire postage-staitips, and that they should be
sent only for fractional parts of a d^dlar. A
dollar bill is much more convenient and safe
to remit thau the same amount in 1, 2 or 3
cent stamps. The actjal risk of remitting
money is slight — if properly directed, not
one misiarriagfi will occur in oae thousand.
Inclose tho bills, and whore letters contain-
ing money are scaled iu presence of the
postmaster wo will assume all tho nek.

Attention is invited to the advcitisen.eot,
iu another column, by the well-known ink
manufactarer, Fred. D. Ailing, of Ilochester,

A Remii

Editors of tlic Jm

Ih.

will be borne with more lender zest than
the incident of tho signing of tho roll of
membership. By universal consent, the old
pioneer of business colleges— the father of
us all— R. M. Bartlett, led tho list, and after
him came, in the order of service, his fol-
lowers and compatriol.t, closing with the
name of tho year-old baby of our highly
esteemed friends, Mr. and Mrs. Goodman,
of Tennessee — " FRANK EASTMAN GOOD-
MAN, his -\~ mark." We all remember how
his great blue eyes looked with straoiro
wonderment upon the .omiling faces around
hiiti, and how heartily he gripped tbo pen-
handle as his chubby little hand was di-
rected in the forming of the cross. It was
a peculiar sort of chriiiening, with the
father and mother, smiling, ou either side,
the sponsors all around, aud tlio olliciating
clergyman pronouncing tho formal dedica-
tion of the young chilli's life to the work iu
which we were all engaged. Many of us
were deeply imiiresred wim tho occasion,
and, naturally, our thoughts ran upon the
probabilities of tho future as wo forecast tho
period when our honored piuueer an I his
colaborora should be gathered to their rest,
aud this youngest member of our confrater-
nity, the beautiful baby hoy, shall be per-
fect iug the work vre had begun.

A recent despatch c.nnos to us with the
sad tidings th»t, while the gray old tnau
lives, the boy baby has passed to his eterual
home, and our dour friends aro childless.
Can we not truthfully say that in their erief
they h ive tiw waruiost sympathy of all the
members (»f the Convention of 1882 f

Yours, S. S. Packard.

Editors of ;/ie Journal: — You will,
readers, and particularly from toaehers aud
friends of educiition, thanking you iu ad-
vance for what you propose to do iu tho
way of iuslruction in Letter- wri"ing. At
any rato, you will be heartily thauked,
whether people write to you to tell you of it
or not. This is a subject about which too
much cannot be said by those who are qual-
ified to say ii; and the iinportauce of which
cannot loo earnestly bo set forth. You
promise well, and I only hope that tho exi-
gencies of your increasing duties will not
stand between yon and the fulfillment of

There may be different notions concern-
ing the qualities of a letter— notions per-
taining to form and matters of taste — but I
am sure there nill bo no great divergence
of opinion as to the essentials; and I do not
doubt that these will bo clearly aud forcibly
presented in your aeries of lessons. You
daily experience, as well as iu your acquired
knowledge, and we, who are engaged iu the
very work that you have undertaken, can
but feel a special desire that you slmuld
meet the want effectively. The business
schools of the country should see to it that
their pupils do not lose the rare advantages
jou offer them, and, during your sories, at
least thirty thousand copies nf your paper
should bo distributed regularly iu these
schools. You can set me d..«n for one
liuudred subacriptioua to start wiih, aud for
any amount of goodwill for all that yoii are
doing to elevate and dignify uur work.
There are some points concerning which I
should like to speak, had t the time; but
I will hold them in reserve, as you may
possibly cover them, and thus save mo the
trouble. I shall watch you with interest.
Sincerely joure, S. S. Packard.

If you want the beat guide over published
for home iottructiou iu praciical writing
send .^1 for the " Standard Practical Pen-
manship Package," prepared by the Si>en-
cerian Authors for tbo Penman's Aut
Journal.

'.M'VA;J4 '*<•';

C. S. G. M , Kaum'< City, Mo.— " What
constitutes the full outKt fir a professional
ponmauf thai is, what are all tbo different
kinds of pens, imiterials, inks, etc., used,
aud which are tho best!" -4ns.— Tho
term " professional penman " is very indefi-
nite, aa it U equally applicable to teaching
or tho practice of plain or artistic penman-
ship. In either case, however, our answer
as to the fi-st requi^ito w-mhl n-a differ,
namely, a g<tod supply of braius, well dis-
ciplined iu tho speoiric dopariinent of prac-
tice. F..r a teacher, *• Gillott's HO:}." "Spen-
eerian No. I," or "Ames's l^enman'a
Favorite Pen," arc good. Spencorian or
Davids black ink, and a l<j-lb. fine quality
of foolscap paper sliould be use I, except
it is di'sircd to uso engraved copies— then
books shonld bo selecfd from somo ono of
tho series of recognized standard systems.
For fine professional writlutr, card^, etc.,
"Gilloit's 3tt3." or "Spenceriau Artistic Pea
No. 14,'' should be used ; ink as above, with
a fiue quality of Bistol-board or unruled
paper. For artistic pen-work, fluurishmg,
drawing, letieriug. etc. First. A set of
drawing-boards should be provided, of size
to suit, generally from 17x21 to 24x;j() inches.
Second. T aud triaiigiilar squares, with a
complete set of good di'iiftiiig instniments,
and a quantity of thumb tacks. Third. A fine
quality of black India ink, with tray for
grinding aud couTiiiuing tlie iuk, and a. few
saurers, I'l.r mixing diff.'ieiit shades. Fourth.
Peua as above; with crow-quill for fine
drawing, and ibo broad and double pointed
Sonneckon pon, for lettering; also a few
well-iiradod sable or camel hair brushes.
Fifth. A graded set of Dixon's or Fuber'a
Siberiau load pencils, and piece of velvet,
and ink-erasing rubber ; also, a good scraper
and burnisher. Si^tU. A fino quality of
Bristol-hoard, or ^VIl>^tlllaa's hnt-presaod
drawing-paper, should bo used, which, for all
kinds of work (exci-pt that which is specifi-
cally off-hand nourishing) «hould be fastened
uprm a drawiug-bo'ird. For fine work, the
India iuk should be freshly ground, each
day, from the stif-k, in a tray containing
Writer. Prepared liquid India iuk may be
used for iiiany purposes; but whero fine
lines and ready How are desired, ink freshly
ground from tho stick is superior. A few
sheets of tracing paper should be provided
for making transfers of designs to bo copied.
And we bdicvo every artist would find our
" Day Spacing T Square " to bo a good in-
vestmom ; by ira aid, lines are ruled parallel
aud equidistant- either liMiizonlally or upon
any angle— with iho lacility aud rapidity of
frcc-liand lines.

G. A. J., Valparaiso, Ind— " By sending
my name as a subaouber to 1(^0 Journal,
and *I.OO, can I now get the Ilau.l-book,
in paper, for a proinium, free, or fortwonty-
fivo cents extra, in cloth?" ^n-s— Yes;
you will see by notice, that that offer is now
extended indefinitely.

C. U., Irwin, 0— "Where can I obtain
unruled cap paper t Can red and green in-
delible ink bo had f" ^HS. — Unruled cap
paper can bo procured of any paper dealer,
aud from most printers, or we cau can sup-
ply it at from *4 00 to 85 00 per ream. Wo
know of no indelible iuk except black.

P. F. B., Halifax, N. S— "What is tho
best pen to practice tho lessons of Prof.
Spencer, and can your furnish tlioui, and at
what price f" jlti«. — Wo should favor
" Spcucerian Artistic Pen, No. 14," or otir
own " Peutnan's Favorite.'' The former
are finer, but lefs durable. "Artistic,"
spnt by mail, for \$1.25; "Penman's Favor-
ite," \$1.

J. II. W., iLvanston, III.-" J. Is there
anything iu nature that we take tlio form of
any of our letters from ? 2. Is there anything
in natare from which we take our ahadlDg

IQ wriliogJ" Am.— We are not aware
thai oature furnishes any models, for either
form or ebaJe iq wrJliag. Possibly, to our
Duinerous " DAtural peumeo," there may l)e
some mjFBtorioua tf^cvelRtioo, of form aud
ehade, from oature, which to aa common
mortaU is denied.

"Ames's Hand-book of Artistic
Penmanship."

HavJDg iiut rcceatly received and joat
looked this wonder of art through, we cannot
eee Uiat Hoother design, sentence, or idea is
wanting to make it complete, for in it i3 all
that ia required for a full eluciilntion of this
inconiparahle art. The illustrations in flour-
ishing are of Mr. Ames's best — now, origi-
nal, and elaborate. They are not only ema-
nationa from Ames's pen, but they are all
ablaze with the exquisite inspiration which
ia peculiarly his.

It is an excellent thing in Prof. Amea
that, io the masterly detail of the most
akillful mechanism, he never loses the light
of inspiration. His pictures, therefore, not
only delight lis at first, but they wear well,
aud never grow less agreeable upon ac-

Tho second part, which illustrates every
kind of jetleriug, fur-

Mr. Burdette.

Robert J. Burdette, of The Burlington
Hawkeye, delivered a lecture entitled " Ad-
vice to Young Men," at Association Hall,
recently, before ao audience which was
limited only by the rapacity of the house.
The lecture, although an old one to Mr.
Burdette, was a new one to most of his
hearers. If rounds of applause and peals
of iHUghter were indications of approval,
Mr. Burdette was certainly successful in this
effort.

said, "given mo by older people than my-
self. In many instances I know I would
have been much wiser had I followed that
advice. When a boy, I was told to keep
away from the canvass of the circus tent,

but I didu't

r now. Although
a.s swift as ligbt-
)rc likely to strike
Young men, you
2in with. I don't

ning, yet it was much
twice in the same plac
must be somebody to
mean by this that you must be horn of some
big family, for ancestry don't count for much
in this country. If you have got the idea
stuffed and set up in front of i cigar -toie

Anecdotes of ludicrous, or worse than lu-
dicrous, mistakes occasioned by bad hand-
wriliuc are numerous enough. Some of
them are as obviously invented as Moore's
"freahly blown noses" for " freshly blown
roses," and others tell strongly of the stu-
pidity of the readers. A small case of the
stupid sort conies to us from Jersey. It is
said that the Lieutenant-Governor, Gen.
Nicholson, in apologizing for his absence
from a temperance meeting, referred to "the
need of further restrictions on the sale of
drink," but that the last few words were
read "in the Isle of Drink," and that this
led fo "indignant protest on the part of cer-
tain citizens." This is quoted as a "warn-
ing" to those who will not take the trouble
to write legibly. But it is equally a warn-
ing to readers of handwriting to use what
brains they may happen to possess. All who
have bad much experience in the perform-
ances of printers and copyists know vei^
well that, though niisreadings are fewest
when the original manuscript is eood, some
of the most irritating blunders are extracted
from the fairest "copy" — those, namely,
which make a wretched, bastard sense that
perverts the tnedning oi enfeebles tht style

terly impossible that n misiakc should ever
eye upon the rule ; but what the fact is we
have some of us melancholy reasons for
knowing. Now, take the case of a badly
written manuscript. You will find a whole
group of people fumbling at a sentence, and
making, as to one particular obscure word,
guesses upon guesses, all of which are sim-
ply absurd. When it is demonstrably clear
you may hear six sane men trying nouns or
verbs. It may be clear that the dark word
must be one of strong praise of a given kind,
the dictionary possibilities of the rase Ijiuer
within narrow compass; but scores of false
shots will be made because nobody has itie
brains or the will to say to himself," What-
ever this word may he, we can posilively
it is not, and so limit our

'SSlDg.

determ'

manuscript, it is moi
be able to determii
word neither is not
U'.— Paper World.

In

alung

r than half the battle to
1 at a glance what a
can by any possibility

,nd perfect, of every

an cither learn
\ and this part.

if thre
large, (
better, >

[ould bo no
»r give occa-
sion to pupil or mas-
We are moat sur-
prised, perhaps, to
find how little Prof.
Ames Eces fit to say

work, and but few
words anyway. Ho

pupil to decipher,

explanation, the rid-
dles of his book. We
leave this idea as his

judi

aud our eyes find it.
Ho boasts not of tho
wonderful beauty of
his book. He is not

Women m Colleges.

Tho slmttiog out of women from Harvard
oiverMty, Yale College, and other prom-
^ incut Eastern institu-

i for the iustruc-
of youth, is based
nd principles.

The:

offic.

and say truly, that if

for which these insii-
tutions were origin-
ally established — tho
education of young
ould be per-

;i-ted. Tho

aud-

ard would have to be
lowered, and tho
whole curriculum de-
moralized and modi-
fied. Nothiug has
yet been shown to
prove that any kind
of preparation can fit
girls aud young wo-
men for tho courso of
study pursued at
these institutions.
ay of them

row. The
any young '

, how

many designs /or
paper <

prolific in blind QX-
ptauations; neither
does he, to induce

purchasers, tell either purchaser or pupil a
single lie about the miraculous ease uf learn*
iug this great art. He ^nows that what
costs nothing, aud is learned in a day, is
worth nothing, aud loses all value with
buyer and iHspector alike. He has worked
long and hard for his skiU; he adds to that
that of hundreds of others, and offers his
hook for seventy-five cents or a dollar.

you would make them artistically yours, you
must work for it — the story of all other
pubUshers to the contrary notwithstanding.

W. P. COOPEU.

'Journal," before Veb .

fonk .f Aiti'.tic Icnmai,^!nf—a S3 par/c huol, 'jni
iLtlh nearly thirty standard and aitutic alphabets Mailed free until ft rther
I cloth), to evety person i emitting ^I for a subsoipticn or renewal fo)

of the book, by mail, tn paper, 75 t

'. cloth, \$1

It is certaiuly safer to travel on tho cars
than it is to stay at homo. The reliable
Loudon sciientifio publication, Nature, has
made the calculation and figured out the
number of railroad traveler killed iu France
aa one in each I ,()Un,000,000 km. run,
which is a disiaucc equal to 40,000 times tho
length of a voyage rouud the world. The
excursion would last during 3,044 years,
traveling day and night at the rate of sixty
kilometres per hour. So that, supposing an
average lifetime of sixty years for a healthy | ^^^^
, before he could bo killed by a railpiad i ®'3®

When the world wants you, my son, it will
father was, for it don't care. People soon
forget tho names of the ancestors of dis-
tinguished people in this country. I don't
believe there is a man present here to-night
who can tell me the namo of Brigham
Young's mother-iu-law. [Laughter.] Make
up your mind to do a great deal of hard
work. It won't kill you. It's the intervals
between work that kill people. It's after
one of these ' intervals ' that you wako up
and find your hat fcmr sizes too small and
your coat several sizes too big. It's the
recreation that kills. Oh, but it's only once
in a while, you say — a very small matter.
Well, although a bumble-bee is not as
largo as a dray-horse, you mustn't handle
him carelessly. Then try to get acquainted
with yourself. A good many men die with-
out haviug scraped an acquaintance with
themselves. If you are going to be hi-nest
from policy dim't be honest at all. The
kind of honesty that can be bought and
sold isn't worth much. Don't believe that
cheek is better than modesty or merit, be-
cause it isn't. If you never do anything
ihe world, maixy. Don't he afraid

accident, according to the law of probabili- yoir wife won't look after you. You'll find
ties, he would have died fifty times a natural , she will be able to do that to perfection.''
death — N. Y. Trade BuUetin. , [Apolauae.]

i obvious :

a less strenuous at-
tention is paid to good handwritiog than tc
bad. Even in "setting up" from plain
print, straugo mistakes aro made; for iu
stance, in setting up the last line of " Guine-
iw oJ tho "Idyls of the King,"

s of the
m, printed,
: there is pt
iting bears l
to it. Ofc.

X, having the hoi
"To where beyoi

uch blame that does

Haudw
not belon

ought to be legible, but allowance must be
made for idiosyncrasy, fatigue, illness or
haste. A handwriting without peculiarities
is a handwriting without landmarks or
checks upon false reading ; and, as absolutely
good writing is not to be looked for in the
business of life, the dull schoolboy, hand,
wiih no special character in it, is not with-
out its dangers. The very worst manuscript
will analyze, but those who can and will
analyze, are few. Here, as elsewhere, there
are not many who find a pleasure in taking
trouble and applying obvious general rules.
Take the subject of spelling, for instancer
The rule which decides in certain words
whether, when the sound is ee, the word
shall be spelled ei or ie is so short and easy
that any one who had no previous know-
ledge of human dullness would think it ut-

tempting this .

with her male class-
mates iu tlie base-
ball course? Then
there is football.

I of study would fall
behind the rest of tho class in the very
first game — we would say recitation.
Wooieu can go to Cornell and Michigan
Universities because those institutions do
not attempt nor dare to establish courses iu
these higher branches of scholarship. So
long as they con Sue themselves merely to
Greek, Latiu, mathematics, English litera-
ture, physics, etc,, they aro just about fit
for women. But the colleges which are
abreast of the age, which of late have wou
more fame and attracted wide attention in
boat-racing, football and baseball have no
use for woman. Their admission would, aa
we have said, either pervert the purpose for
which these institutions arc founded orlower
the standard to the vulgar and old fashioned
pursuits ot the classics, mathematics and
sciences. In short, women are unfit for the
higher education in the Eastern colleges.—
Detroit Free Press.

Extra Copies of the "Journal"
will be sent free to teachers and others who
desire to make an effort to secure a club of
subscribers.

Adversity has the effect of eliciting tal-
ents which iu prosperous circumstaucea

-VlSI- JOUKN.vi

Capital and Labor.

outcide Ilia co1Wgi>, who will join in wisliiog
Lim Tfrj maoj- reliirtiR of lliia eignificaiil dajr.
— Vtica Sandajf Tribune,

W. E. Enist is teachiog writing-cliBees at
M«ndoo, Mich., and hia l«t(er is m haiitleome
f pecimeo of practical wriliug. In it he siya :
''I cannot but express my admiratioD at the
beautiful and entertaining manner in which
r paper is golti'i) up. Coming, as it does,
each month filled with words of encourage-
nt and beautiful specimens of penmanship,

merits of a good handwriting, than anj
er penman's paper in the world. I wisl
I success in jour noble enterprise."
!'he most popular man in Washington, i'
ms,is our popular friend Prof. H. C. Spencer
The following is from the livening Star, Wash
on, D. C, January 20lh;
DRBwa'8 PORTitAiT OF Gaufiilu.— The Art com

at folloivi: Prof I!. C. SpeDMr, 770; Mra. Son*
Mr, 17J : Geo. D. O. Swalm. 30; Col. H. C.Corbin,
Ion, JbidmO. Bl>liie, 84; Hon. Joho A, Ijogao.l'i;
Mra, Liierelia R, Garflcld, 13; Coroomo Art Gallery, 4

The Pittsburgh (Pa.) Sunday/ Globe, of recent
date, contains an interesling communication
from C. C. Cochran, professor of commercial
science in the Pittsburgh High School, upon
from Handwriting." Several autographs are
given, upon which he expresses his opinion as
to their indications respecting the character of
their aulhora. He says: "I have about the
same faith in Phrenocliirographotogy tliat I have
in Phrenology or Physiognomy. These are ap-
proximate sciences, and are akin to each other;
a second cousin, as it were. Handwriting in
the meclinnical tracing of ihe efforts of the
mind through the nerves, fingers and pen to
the paper. On the principle of cause and ef-
feet, lo my mind, some strokes of ihe mental
funclicns can be traced in one's

Rochester. X. Y.. a letter and set of capitals;
J. E. Garner. Harri'burg, P«,. letter and cards;
C. W. Rice, penman at Denver (Col ) Busi-
ness College, letter and cardd ; Gus. HuUizer,
Toulon, III., letter and nrnameatal card ; Geo.
O. Shoop, Shainokin. Pa., letter and flourished

the 'Journal.'"

Bv Prof. C H. Peircb.

1. Can au amateur hold a pen correctly t

2. How is the perfect form of a letter dfl*
tertnioedt

at the same or nearly the same time, 2J0,-
000,000 years must elapse befure Jupiter
will reach the sta^e of planetary life through
which our earth is now pasaiug. Whether
the assumption be correct or not, the time
diflerence between the stages of Jupiter's
life aud the earth's are of this order. Thoy
must be measured by tens of millions,
if not by hundreds of inilli..ns, of years. We
must note, however, that the 210,000,000
years correspond with only a seventh part
of that time in the earth's history; so
that we may say that, if our assuiiiptiona
are correct, Jupiter would now be iu the

turn in small writiog materially i ^'^^^ '° ^^'^h
affected by any change in hight or spacing t ! J^"™ "S**!

earth was 34,OLO/J00
the beginning than the

4. What determine the "upward stroke \ en<l of the fiery stage.— Proc(or, in Be7j,m-
Biuall letters T j *"**•

5. Is the dot or finish io final r above one |
ace in hight t , The Bright Side of Life.

James Hedloy. delivered a lecture

6. Is the oval in capitals containiag stem
the same in all letters f

7. What are all the reasons for a pen
spattering ink ?

8. Can superior execution be reached by
holding the pen incorrectly 1

0. In the superior execution of pen-work,
which predominates — movement or concep-
tion of form f

10. How can yoii determine tho jierfect
holding of the pen f

Birth and Death of Worlds.

It has been shown that, had past geolo-
gical changes in the earth taken place at the
same rale as those which arc now in pro-
gress, 100,000,000 of years at the very least
would have been required to produce those
actually been produced,

;6nd,

I tho

irth's

I fit 1

^»

W. E. Dennis is teaching wriiing

E. C. Lockard is teaching writing and book-
keeping in the High School at Black River
Falls, Wis.

J. H. Wilson is teaching writing and book-
keeping at tliH North Western University,
EvanHon, III.

The Oltiimwa (Iowa) Business College, con-
ducted by W. D. Strong, is favorably men-
tioned by the press of ihnt city.

J. T. Kenagy has been awarded the Pen-
man's ART JofitXAL for five years, as tlielir*.!
prize for quality and speed in making figures,
at Peirce's Buain-,>89 College, Keokuk, Io.

Geo. K. Demary, special teacher of writing
in Ihe public schools of Medina, N. Y., is high-
ly complimented by the SJidina Itcgtsfer, for
etlii;ieut aud succeesfiil work in the schools.

J. C. Y. Coniwall, who, for many years past,
has written cards aud sold stationery at the
Fifth Avenue Hotel in this city, has established
himself in the same line of busiuesa at the
Hofi'mau House.

The newspaper reporter has been strolling
into the Joliel (III.) Business College, conduct
ed by Prof. H. Kussell. He enya he finds
large rooms full of studious pupils, and con-
cludes that the college is doing fine work aud

J. C. Bateson is teaching writing in Union
County, Pa. The Uwithurg {Pa.) Local Newt
says: "Prof. J. C. Bateson, of the Lewisburg
University, has just finished giving a class ol
fifty scholars writing-lessons in Milton. Mr. B-
is a practical and iheoreiic penman, and all
who have thus far been taught by him have
been well salieHed."

Prof. H. B. McCreary, of the Utica (N. Y.)
Business College, celebrated his 4'2d birthday
anniversary on January 22d. His Bludents.
or "boys." as he afi'ectiouately calls them, pre-
sented him on the happy occasion with George
Eliot's complete wo^k^ S vols., bound in
Turkey— as appropriate a gift as it was appre-
ciated. Mr. MoCreuy has many warm friends

from the tollowing persons :

C. L. Stiibbs, penman at Nelson's Business
College, Cincinnati. Ohio, a letter; S. K.
Brewer, teacher of writing, Andreee, Ohio, a
letter and cards; W. H. Lollirop, Boston,
Mass.. a letter; G. M. Smithdeal, Greensboro,
N. C. a letter ; R. S. Collins, teacher of writ-
ing. King's Mountain, N. C, a letter aud cards ;
J. W. Srt-ank, U. S. Treasury, Washington.

D. C, an elegantly written letter, and photos
of three gems of pen art, entitled respectively.
"Coal of Arms of Penn." "Gathered During
Idle Hours," and his own " Pen and Ink Por-
trail"— all are of a high order of pen-art ; Jos.
Foeller. of Jersey City, a letter, and photo, of
an engrossed set of resolutions.whioh are highly
creditable; S. A. D. Hahn. penman at Ihe B.
& S., Davenport (Iowa) Business College, a
letter; T. E. Condey, Medina, N. Y., a letter
and copjt-slips; J. D. Briant, Raceland. La.,
box marking ; Emma Poole, teacher of wi iting
ill the PuHic School of Bradford, Pa., n letter ;

E. A. Whitney, penman at the Centenary Lit-
erary lust.. Hackettslown, N. J., a letter and
a club ot twentyseven subscribers to the
Journal, whose names were handsomely
written in German round-hand; C. H. Peirce,
Keokuk, la., a letter and other specimens;
John F.^Kelley, Geddes, N. Y., a letter; H.
J. Willirmson. teacher of writing, Greenville.
N. C, a letter and flourished bird ; D. Clinton
Taylor, Oakland. Cal., o letter; D. H. Farley,
penman at the State Female Normal School.
Tr^-nton, N. J., a letter and very skillfully ex-
ecuted specimen of lettering ; C. C. Maring.
teacher of writing at Painsvitle, Ohio, a letter
and flourished bird; R S. Hawk. Mutual,
Ohio. letter and cards ; W. R. Foster. Troy
Grove. III., letter and cards ; M. J. Goldsmith,
penman at Moore's Business College, Atlanta.
Ga., a superbly written letter ; J. R. Carrulhers.
Mendon. Mich., copy-slips and cards; A. B.
Clapp, penman at Heald's Business College,
San Francisco. Cal., a letter; A. W. Palmer,
penman at Cedar Rapids (Iowa) Business Col-
lege, aletter ; T. A. Spence, Philadelphia, Pa.,
a letter ; E. C. Bosworth, BueineBa Univerwty.

be the abode 'of life. But recently it has
been pointed out, correctly in all probability,
that under the greatar tide-raising power of
past ages, these changes would
place more rapidly. As, liow-
ly 10,000,000 of years, and pro-
longer time, must have
moon was at that favorable
istance for raising tides, we are by no
enabled, as some well-ineauing but
mistaken persons have imagined, to reduce
tho life-bearing stage of the earth from a
duratina of 100.000,000 of years to a minute
fraction of such a period. The short life,
but exceedingly lively one, which they desire
to see established by geological or astronom-
ical reasoning, never can be demonstrated.
At the very least, we nmst assign 10,000,000
years to the lire-hearii]g stage of the earth's
existence. If we now multiply this period
by seven for Jupiter we get a period of
60,000,000 years longer. But lake the
stage preceding that of life on the earth.
From the researches of Bischofi" into the
cooling of masses of heated rock, it seems to
follow that a period of more tlian 300,000-
000 years must have been required for the
cooling o( tho earth from a temperature of
2.000° centigrade to oue of 200°, a cooling
which has certainly taken place. Suppose,
however, that these experiments, or the cal-
culations based on ihem, were vitiated by
some error so considerable as to increase tho
real duration of the fiery stage of our earth's
historjrmore than ten-fold, the real duration
of that period being only 30.000,000 years.
Multiply this in turn by seven, and we get a
period of ^10,000,000 yijars, or 180,000,0110
years ioager. We ought next to consider
the vaporous stage ; but the evidence on
which to form an opinion as to the duration
of this stage of a planed history is too
slight to be the basis of a«lual calculation.
Here, as Tyndall has well remarked, "con-
jecture must entirely cease." But, by con-
ly two stages — the fiery stage
and the life-bearing, or rather that portion
of the life-bearing stage through which the
earth has hitherto passed — we find the two
monstrous tiiqe differences — 180,000,000
and tiO,000,000, or 240,000,000 years iu all.
They mean that, V. our assumption as to the
effect of Jupiter's superior mass is correct,
then, supposing Jupiter and the earth to
have started into existence ae diaiinot orbe

entitled "The Bright Side of Life" at
Association Hall recently. The Address was
full of bright things, and was punctuated
with outbursts of applause from beginning
to end. Dr. lledley thought that life is
much as people make it. Tho liuman heart
is like a garden : if seeds of dappinoss are
sown, flowers of joy will blossom in every
part of it. Substitute the seeds of envy
and discontent, aud it will be-ir its appro-
priate fruit of misery. Pure laughter is
God's guarantee against insanity. Tlie
man who never laughs is to bo regarded
with suspicion. Laughter is the best tonic
in the world- It has beeu said that a smile
adds five minutes, and a hearty laugh a
whole day, to a man's life. It is no use for
people to sigh for a country where there are
nd no afflictions, for these are
lot of men. They are t!io
schoolmasters which teach mankind to look
beyond self.

Inasmuch as Ihe Journal will, this
month, be mailed to many thousand persons
who have no knowledge of the character or
style of the premiums, one of which is
given free to every subscriber, we have
added four extra pages for the purpose of
inserting cuts— reduced size — of a portion of

to be the (

Public singer:
prey of the paragrapher, whose vivid imag-
ination fits them into nice little stories,
usually based on the travels of the auto-
graph fiend. The story of Campanini's
writing in a young lady's album, " I am ze
greatest tenor, Italo Campanini,'' to which
Kavelli added, " Mec, too, Ravelli," is now
supplemented by this from the retentive
memory of a Boston writer : "An amus-
ing story is (old of the autograph exper-
ience of Mine. Nilssnn, a day or two ago.
A persistent applicant for Mme. Nilssou's
signature presented a book, and, in running
over the leaves, Mine. NiUson's eye fell
upon tho last page, where was inscribed
' Last, but not least. Adclina Patti.'
Seiziug the pen, the fair Scandinavian wrote
upon the blank page of the cover, opposite
' La Diva's' signature, * Last and least.
Christine Nilsson Rouzeaud.' "— N. Y.
Herald.

There is a difference between politeness
and etiquette. Etiipictte can be defined,
classified, formulated. You can tell young
people to take their soup from the side of
their spoons; to eat with their forks; not to
make a noise in eating; and all these and
countless more such injunctions are impor-
tant. But I would rather eat a hundred
dinners with my knife than laugh one mali-
cious laugh at some one else who did so.—
Cardinal Manning.

Send Money for the "Journal."

Persons desiring a single copy of the
Jouenal must remit ten cents. No atten-
tion will be given to postal-card requesti
for funs.

AKl »J«/l'l{.\.Vl'

^^'"

Beautiful Things.

loment Ih* hmg ilny through.

With ]«li«Dl gn<M nnd (tiii)y f
Bmallfiil Ike* »m Ihow lUiil I

" Which of you children can tell ine who
WB8 Ibo iiieckfst man ? " iislctl an Austin
Siin(hiy-8chuol teacher, of hor c'ass. None
of tht'in raised their hnarts to indtcalo that
they were in pos-p*«>inn of the desired
BihlicaJ h.re. Finally little Johnny Fizzle-
top raised liie hand ahuve liis curly head.

" There ! " paid tlie teacher, angrily, glar-
ing at the rest of the class, " you ought all
to be ashamed of yourselves. You great
hie hoys have been coming to Sunday-
day-school for months and months, and yet
yiin don't know any more than you did when
you first came, and here is little Johnny
Fizzletop, poor little fellow, he never hiis
hud nuy advantages, and has only heen com-
ing t<i Sunday-School for the past two
weeks, and yet he knows more about the
llihle than all the resl of you. I become
perfeclly discouraged when I think of it. I
come here every Sunday, and slave and toil,
trying to get something into your empty
open, like a lot of f»n]s, and don't know
what lo pay when I ask you fo pimple a
question as what is the name of the meekest
man in the Bible. Jnst look at little Johnny
there, holding up his hand, wlille you hang

" Please, um'am,in«y I go out t "—Texas
Siftinffa.

At a recent etonogrHphio exhibition in
Paris, twenty-four different systems of short-
hand were on view. Among other curiosi-
ties, there was a postal-card containing
■ll.dllO wi'uh.— Boston Iransa'ipt.

" My dearest Maria," wrote a recently
married husband to his wife. She wrote
back : " Dearest, let mo correct either your
grammar or morals. You address me, ' My
dearest Maria.' Am I to suppo-e you have
other dear Mi

Whenever a new and Blaiirmg fact i
brought t.i light iu science, pcnple lirpt pay:
'■ It is not true " ; then, that " it is contrary
to religion"; and lastly, "that everybody
knew it before.

The aifove cut was photo- engrared from an original specimen Nourished I
P. R. CUary, teacher of tiritin'/ at Vernon, Mifh.

Selected.

The proper way to do good which is
really good, is for a man to act from iho
love of good, and not with a view to reward
here or hereafter.

Youne lady writing a love-letter for the
kitchen-maid : " That's about enough now,
isn't itt" Kitchen-maid: "One thing
Bpellin' and writin'."

Literary prosperity : The Chi' ago peo-
ple say that, tttlk as you may of culture,
the product of their pens amount to more
than the income of all the authors of New
Enfiland. Pig thing. — Boston Commercial
BulleUn.

Proctor says that Jupiter is in the state
that our earth was tJJ.OOO.nOO years ago.
Proctor has the longest memory we ever
encountered. We can't remember half that
far back in the dim and misty past. — Nor-
ristown {N. J.) Herald.

There

gures. A young
man met a girl, ler, married her, and took
her on a wedding 2er, and the morning they
started she 8er breakfast witii a good ap-
petile, a b9 smile occasionally flickering
ahnut her mouth, nnd they went on the
even lOer of their way.

Boston Tklegram.— " They had been

wore reading the paper together. 'Look,
love,* he exclaimed, 'only \$ir> for a suit oi
clothes !' * Is it a wedding suiti' shn asked,
looking naively at her lover.' ' Oh ! no,

SuViscril>ers wlut may dejiro to have their
subscripliuu begin wiih Prof Sp(
course of lessons, which began iu the May
uninher, may do so, and receive the Jour-
nal from that date until January, I8d4. for
\$1-511 will, .<

How manyapples did Adam and Eveeatf
Some say Eve 3 and Adam 2, a total of 10
only. Others figure the thing out differently.
Eve 8 and Adam 8 also ; total, IG. But if
Eve 8 and Adam 82, certainly the total

be 9U.

liBc

tho

strength of the theory that the antediluvians
w(>re a race of giants, reason Bomething like
this: Eve 8t nnd Adam 82; total, JO:*.
Wrong again. What i-ould bo clearer thnn if
Evo 81 and Adam 812. tho total was tO^f
Then if Evo 81lsl and Adam 812, would
not the total be J62Uf Perhaps, after all,
the following is the true solution : Eve 814
nnnther calculation is possible : If Evo 814
03«. Even this, however, may not bo a
sufficient quantity. For, though wo admit
81811242 keep company; total, 8,182,0.')G.
All wrong. Eve, when she 81812 many,
and probably felt sorry for it, and her coin-
pauion, in order to relievo her grief, 812.
Therefore, Adam, if ho 8i8N24{iry Eve's
depressed spirits, hence both ale 81,89(i,H.J4
apples. — Free Press. Oh, pshaw ! you
mean that in Adam it was bt<J428l42J()ry
Eve, and it made Eve, when she 8I2,C a
dog. So between thorn they consumed, by
that kind of mathematics, 942,822,3Gti.
Next! — Texas Siflings.

Not Responsible.
It should be distinctly understood that
the editors of the Journal are not to be
held as indorsing anything outside of its
editorial columns ; all communications not
objectionable in their character, nor devoid
of iuleresl or merit, are received and pub-
lished ; if any person diOurs, The
are e<iuaUy open to him to say so and teji
why.

A good C(iuntry parson preached a series
of sermons on practical mt>nilily. and very
interesting and ins'ruclive they wei-e. A
of them was coming out of an orchard ono
day, Ills pockets bulging out with stolen
fruit. IIo met the parson, who noticed his
efforts to conceal the evidences of his guilt.
"Have you been stealing apples!" a?ked
tho minister. "Yes," answered the boy
sheepishly. " And you are trying to hide
them from met" continued tho good man.
" Yes, sir," said culprit, brightening up,
"You saiil last Sunday that we must avoid
tho appearance of ovil."

A citizen of modoralo views, who hap-
pened to bo present at the banquet of French
radicals, was talking politics wiih hisneigh-
bor— an extremist from the word go— and
with indignation recalled the massacre of
Dojniiiican monks at Aroueil.

"All that," coolly replied tho radical. " is
ihe fault of the priests."

"What ! the lanlt of the priests f"

"Certainly, if there weren't any. nobody
could shoot them !"

The Penman's Art Journal is the
title of a beautiful nnd valuable monthly,
published at \$1 per yenr. Every number
is replete with hints and lessons in practical
writing, nnd a choice ccdlectiim of choi-e
liternture, designed to meet the wants of
every member of the household. We 'annot
speak too flatteringly of this journal — it
needs only to be seen to be admired.— Ifotise
and Home.

The PESBtAN's Art Journal is a very
welcome visitor to our table. The
present number is not only very beau-
tiful, but highly entertaining and instruct-
ive. It is surprising how this splendid
journHl has grown in public favor. Thia is
a fitting and emphatic testimonial to its
worth. Published monthly, at 20.> Broad-
way, New York, at \$1 per year. D. T.
Ames, editor and proptittor. B. F. Kellcy.
associate editor. — Waihington {Pa.) Signal

Removal.

Owing to largely increased business and
inadequate faciiiiies at Woousockett, It. I ,
the New England Card Co. has transffrred
its bu.siuess tu this city, and is located at
Nus. 75 and 77 Nassau Street, where all

• Jiiit i.

.(fiflli'iF";

ib)"^

-,(„(HU j

<'-'-:K^^^''-^y

"--^--r

"^jeA^

tOM^>:PJ'??^»T!;t

cyfiu(^Jy^ /^l .

r^^:^

D l.,v^.

n,. a6«.f «,(, are phoh-e,igravcJ /rom pn-a«J-i«k copy pnpariJ at tU offia of Ac ■'Journal," and are pirn a, tpmrncm of pm-aork applied to cmmtrcial purpoea

SPECIMENS.

TH E

American Popular Dictionary

A NEW BOOK. A NEW METHOD,

A Work of Surpassing Beauty, Comhining Instruction in

BOOK-KEEPING and PENMANSHIP.

By a simple, fascinating and r^eclive systrm of illustrations and ej-pfanations,

a knoicledge of the above branches may be acquired by the student,

icith coviparatirely little labor on the part of tlit teacher.

Better than the Best of its Predecessors.

TIte work ha^ received the Iiiglieet endomeropnt of many of the most emini
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The completed book appeared S«ptenibur lOtli, 1882, and haa been already

Throughout Ihe cc.uiitr.V.
giving n description of the
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ling ft large number of ringing

A Reference-Book and Key Free of Charge

Will be funiiehed to BchooU adopting the work (and to schoole only), by the uae of wliicU the
book can be introduced at any time without incoiiTenience. Address,

^WILLIAM:S & ROGERS,

ROCHESTER, N. Y.

IHt LARCtbl AND FINEST WORK OF JHE hIND IN THE WORLDI

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SAVES TIME LABOR AND MONEY,
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elicit Bilbiriplionn to tlio PK\MAS'S AtlT JOtlltXAL

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Learn to Write.

InK Shnylor"! Compendium of Practical aod Or

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» J. R. HOLCOMB Si CO., ATWATElt BLOCK.

THE ELECTRIC LIOHT OF THE WEST.

SPECIAL PENMANSHIP DEPARTMENT U^
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A. Board and Lodging In private family. 13 00 per
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fho PEIRCERIAN METHOD o? INSTRUCTION
nd for Journal and rpedmeni of pcnmaukblp.

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A Portable Electric Lighter.

A PoHnbte Eleclrio Liftblor, lor \$j, lit boing ezten^Ivoly

lold by ibe Ptirlablo Eleclrio LlgUt Co.. of 22 Waler

eel. Boetou. It is an eounumirul find cafe appiratuj

lighting for liome and buitness purpoica. 2 -1 L

;uE,'Dniwer 16, Raodolpb, 1

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public for ov,r ATi/t

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nighout the country

Read a few ol tUe opinlona of e.

lKohual Scuooi^ Ottaira, Out.

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lay ibai it ia hU ibe manuluciurer tecoiumo

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SPECIAL NOTICE TO AGENTS.

iiivh allps bearing
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■ ■ EMlon.Pn
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Slul« Ntinniil SvliM
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Long liliniU Uospil

Till'' WLiU 13 UDuei-saliy coutcded ly rlu pics pn II k u U [ (Hiiiau md rtisis
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Tlio above cut represeot-Q tbo litle-piiee of tlio work, which is 1 1 x 14 in sitp.

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c

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On receipt of tliv prices uniicxml, we vrill for-
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Uy ordering from lis, patrons cun rely not only

ni>on receiving a etipcrior article, bnl upon dolr*

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Ames- Compomliiuii nt f^n-'MM,,,, ,,,-!, ii,. || »

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cierciscs . . . ^ lo

&0slieut3, (.'iOfiiU setaof eo|iii-s) 9 oo

100 " {100 full seisuftouica) 6 00

BrlBtol itoard, 3-slieet thick, 3SxS8 in., pr sht W

«x28, poi- ahect, by express.. 80

BluckCftraBoiii-il.eixSS, for white Ink...'.'. W

Oliii'k Cards i)cr 100 2S

Black CurOs per tliouaond, by express S 00

What's dr'lng-papcr, ho^p^e8^ ISxM.i is \$t »

" 17x22, 20 S 00

19x24. 20 3 SO

" " " 2I1™. 25 %-i^

*' '* *' SlxSil I ifi SO IM

Blank Bristol Board Cftnls, per 100 as

" 1000 100

„" " " 1000, by ex. 1 M

Wlii9orANewton'8BoprBQp.lnd. luk.sUck 1 M

*>y mnil : SO

1000 " by exrreM. .;.'';■■,".■.".'.',!!;;;;;""";;; 400

AmM« Penmen's Pnvorite No. 1 p«r (ttom ....;... 1 30

Tlie New Spenceriaa CompeDdium, Pafl i, 3,'3, -I,

Rnjrroulnir Peni for letlerinir. per doi .'.". 9S

Crow-qniU Pen. verj' fine, for drawiog. doi 78

William.'<««dPackflrdiOen,» g 00

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CoDirdODi Normal Syitem ol Ploiirishing SO

" " " Letterinir. 60

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Pnyson, Dunton & SiTiliiier a Manaol.' 1 25

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;, Ct.

<ng#. N. J. Knoxvil

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ROLL BLACKBOARDS.

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No. I ... . Size, -Ovri t«i . . . , f 1 o:,

;; a . . . . ■• L>i»3i ■■ . . - 11.7,}
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No. 1 18x24 ioobea tl 25

■• ii Ruled Ibr'mittio " ■■ '-'".!! 2.75
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P£XJIAN'S ART JOURNAL,

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Mahomkt p. O.. ILI, . A-oo, •• ISSi.
Dtar Sirs: Vonr lituann.rli receiveJ, and thnoka (o
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Youra inily. R. BOLTOn.

I rewlv«l your benulKiil pi.-ui., 1 ,1 ,> \i, 1 v

•oeno. I ubiill reuieinWr your II 1 .1 ,,

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COLUMBUS, OHIO-

The Packard Commercial Arithmetic

Bv S. «. PACKARD, or Packard's Biisinbss College,

AND BYRON HORTON, A.M.

IN TWO SEPARATE EDITIONS.

1. CoMn.KTic. :i2n pp., large octavo. 2. School. 27.'". pp., duodt

iritboul doMbt. llu moit thorough, na »rell as the moil rtUable, biiiineMariibineiic before lh™i?ul'be. *" " *' "
1 be StbiM.I cd.iiun rompiuea tie main porlion of tbe larger work, omitting only llie n.oro difficult and ob
e.iiimples, and ceitiuii subjects nut applicable to lilerary ■clioole. It is a moat churming book.

JRetail Pricea: Complete Edition, \$1.50; School Edition, \$1.
Prices to Schools: Complete Edition, \$] ; School Edition, 75 cents.

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, 805 Broadway, New York

WHAT A FEW PEOPLE SAY:
^iH^^^Jor^N^^uTle Md'^'^v*! '^™"^"'""*'* """i"'-'* I (^ ^ GaikelU Piindpal Gflskell'. Buai
Tbere«lI»peak«Ueu'lMythBt>''ni ''■"']" 7 ,', ' Z~i""\ M\'*s«"!I"e.l'Tl.f(ry"e I^Xn'iiru

are deligbied with It, Write ii
1 Brj-nnt & Stmtton'a nu»ine«s

» ihonjugli. precise uud practical ai
, Principal Rroirn'a BntincM Collef

Prijioipnl Rrj-ant & Stnil ton's Biisinei
compleit

^ Plill»deli.||iii.— "Experien

ttgt. Prinoipnl Brj-ant it Siration's lliu

(Alio

roR

BROWNE'S
Phonograpliic Monthly

AND REPORTER'S JOURNAL.
A 3! Page Rnya) Octavo AlagKxine, containing 8 to i;

lied lu adopt it. It ia }iu

3 S » Sm CU go HL

D SPLAY CUTS FOR ADVER S NG

PHOTOLITHOQHAPHY AND ENQRAVINa.

classe

of Engxav

ing, and exei

Spmm

iufniTo'rdeS

A

KS,

r.«<lway.

N»w Ytrk.

SCHOOL TEACHERS' SUPPLIES.

y.....

nrilteu and lluurUbcd. Specluieas. 10 ceniN Valuable 111 Prnpii.'si f\^^,i i.i * _

WELLS W. SWIFT,

Marionvllle. Onondaga County, Noiv York,

Central AViuijwpcr Suhteription Agent, and
Pubtislier of Swift's Hammiooks of Lsk RscirES.

■ling Ink, Anilia*

i*her'» full pri« for any Uading pertoditoL U, B.
BMsnoM, O. T.Aiiut. e-lSi

I III, I'tN M VN

VIS 1 tJOl KN.VL

The Book-keeper

THE ONLY PAPER OF ITS

CHARACTER IN THE WORLD.
PuBLisnKO Fortnightly.

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Devoted to all matters of special interest
to Accountants, Uankcrs. Merchants,
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AtUclu'S, Instructors of Ac-
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having to do with
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books
of account.
Ancient and modern systems oi Book-
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Practical problems and questions discus-

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Subscriptic
Specimen copies s

um. Smgle
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C. N. CHANDLE,

ARTIST. PENMAN AND TEACHER,

WuUm A'omat ColUgt and Commtrcial IntlituU

DUSUNELL, ILL,

Ttaorongta coiine in Ppnmnniilii)>. 10 ^reeki. flO; 1!

KDd Dm1|[dIii|

). Etejitii

8(l!^iiUi UuuKoi
Mn, |1 i S|>»olini
IbU anil Combinaiinnm su ceuia ; -^ tiuteo a

Au" klu<U or I'eii-rrork t.i onler. SalUrRClli
rted. Can ltiml*h all kinds of Writing-iDBte
Band for Prtoe-ltol ami Clroiilar. 3-12t.

rds (pLiin

JUST nmLtSHED

THE NEW

BRYANT A STr.ATTON'8

COMMON sriinoT, TiooK-KrrPiNO,

CUDTBChi- • ■■ \ ■■■■■■.:. am

II, 11, 1

hHiodtulKiii,
TUI«inn>iil«rwoik,wl.ii.li lor tlio liist fifteon
r«un Diia enjoyed n ^renter niL'UBnru of t liufiivot
af prnotlcul cdutaitors tlinnany otlK-v of blmlliti

■nplilcul di'tses ana greatly iuipi'ovca In

THE NEW

BRYANT A STRATTON'8

COUNTING-HOt'SE BOOK-KEEPIXG,

taitnu'iiin MifTli<-'iiy;iiiil r>,n.tlce of Accounts;

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P. T. AMU, n» muwir, k«v Toa

SPECIALTIES.

STEEL PENS. WRITING-INKS. DRAWING-PENCILS.

SCRIPT RULERS. OBLIQUE PENHOLDERS.

TI.e name

n'nn ImB bfen iilenliHed witli a leading svatem of iii8(ruci
iir Citpv-bonks have borne tliat designation Biiice ie54,
Pen*! einie WO. More n-ceiilV il lias alao been need by ub a« a special trade m
pen mail fill i> pnbliofllioii* and atalionere* speciall'

Jl ia recogiiixed everywhere a
that well-known and standard designs

iity of die superiority of anything which bears

SPENCERIAN STEEL PENS

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any other pens.

c-roiXT pens sent on receipt of 3-cent stamp.

SPENCERIAN WRITING-INKS.

onetantly made of difficulty in getting gond ink; and as nove

^ jniially'beiiig broueht out. they are tried in the hope thai I hey may prove free I

usual defect?. The original receipt's from which the Spencerian Black Ink ia made h&vt
uae in Knglnnd for over onr huiidrrd yearr. The proprielnrs have devoted the grea
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nppiecialed by all who may use ibem.

CIRCULARS SEKT ON APPLICATION.

Are need by all the'best pern

smoothnesB of point not ftmn

SarapleB of the

Coinplsi

will be

SPENCERIAN DRAWING-PENCILS.

points of superiority whi<:b we claim for iheae p^cils are, the FlNKST Grapuite,
I'lto.M Grit, and Uniformity of Grades.

assorted sizes, will be sent.

Frekdom from Grit, and Uniformity of Grades.

Sample-box, containing TEN pencils, of one gradi

ial, by mail, on receipt of 40 c

SPENCERIAN SCRIPT RULER.

V Standard Alphabets and Figures, but a test Pentenci

est sentence, embracing the entii
lieal wrilinj-, the key to all comb
es of writing required in bunk-keeping, hiisiiiet
this Ruler, makes it invaluable to cnllege-Btudeut:
.» and teachers.
SAMPLE WILL BE SENT, BY MAIL, ON RECEIPT OF 30 CENTS.

all nlphabet. The niaelery
lions of Pmall letters. The various
:>i>pundeuce, as published

SPENCERIAN OBLIQUE PENHOLDER.

•A peiilioldi
of acraiB them, as with the ordinary st
greatly inci-eafied ease and sinuotliness
pen iitielf always acts upon boili poi.il?,
principle, without cramping ihe positiui
the letter.

For the convenience of teachers, '

aight penholder. The

the work of wriliug. By the use of this hohlei
)n the up and doicn strokes, ami besides, by the "'*(
of the band, the pen is thrown at the proper aviji

We Can

• Fii

ill send one do
Orders for Less •

, postpaid, on ret
,N One Dozen.

ipt of \$1.

Ivisoii, Blakeman, Taylor & Co.,

753 and 755 Broadway, New York.

f^'If you order please mtntion this paper, 6-12U

The Leading Work on Commercial Law.
Class-Book of Commercial Law

1 o[ buvium, der^gnvd and anaoged especially for clau

TliU

,o/fr^

te. furmM of butinui-jMiitr, *

SIX EDITIONS HAVE BEEN SOLD.

II is not a n.c« ttwt o/Mmt. F<,r.,u .^.in l,« purchiwca ut «cy UK.k More lor a le.v centi; but i

AN IMPORTANT CONSIDERATION

■ lenrlivra nlMiil lu iidnpl a wurk on ooiniiierciul law Is. llie Ificl llml tbii bouk tvu« n riHen by nn txptricnetd Itacfitt
d ntu wniteii iiprttilj/ /nr ttuiltnlt iiinl butinat men. Jt liai bten rxaminrd tlntrmighly by tht bt4t Ugal tuft/t.
hat tlooil Uie U4t (/ (Ac elau anil eountingroom. II ii oeully primed Bod liKud«uiiii-ly buuud.

SPECIAL RATES FOR INTRODUCTION.
SIogl« Copie« WDl puit>|<ald to any ftddreu on n»Mipi ol Oaa DuRur. Addraw,

C. E. CARHART,

Prinoipal ol tbe Albany Biuidmb Cu11«g«.
, N. V.

** rLECTRlC LlOHr." 310 ElegnDl Exien
l«p«f. fJxVrro.'ii!' S«i.rp7«'' u..^«!,"I!m ttnU'tl

U.S.

tUBipttotLH Fnt. C. U. I^kCB,

CIlORTllANU-wrillag Iboittiiglily lauglit Uy m»tl

lUlY ELLClllIC rtN HOLDER for Oniaiii.Dltt]

OOUJ0I. XMkia, lov*.

THE Ki;\V

BRYAKT £ STRATTOH
BOOK-KEEPING BLANKS.

Adsptrd fur i»e will, or nilln.ul Txt-Book,
uJ tbe onlv iFl rccommeaaea to

"THE NEW

Bryant & Stratton

Counting-House-Bookkeeping."

Faronible nrren^ment* mnit. wllli tltuinM. Colt.gM

The b«t Peu In tbe U. S.. aod lUe bwl Penmen lue thei&.

"JOHN D'S FAVORITE PEN."

DANIEL SLOTE & CO.,

119 AND 121 WiixiAM Street, New York.

THE DAY SPACING

Unea being ieparaled Bt yerfei-X iDle^^-lll^ and executed
ai rapidly hs thu»e made free huiid. The upace belireeo

to eeveii-eigbths ot a'o inali.aturinadt) hurizoataijyor upon

SenI BPoiirely pat^ked by expreM to any part of lh«

"""•"■'

""

„,Uion,

«3

D.T. AMES

iTork.

e

erewith

Specim

ni of Tintlny.

pbOlO

•qimre, w

tht

a rnpiiUt;

KRW

YOIIK. July 37

1880.

D. T. ,

feotion ol

1.

able'^an

(J. U. SlCKKLH,

Dealgue

andDnJl

aman, A

m. Bank Not* Cc

,N. T.

Nltw

lefo.

E6Q.— J

hav« applied iL

JOXKB,

aign

T and Dra

with D. Appleto

[. J. aOLUSMITII,

SCRIPT RULERS.

They v% InriloabU to all who an Mehtng to Improt*
thai/ imUu, AddxMi, fuuui'« AuT JoumaU

9W BiMdnr, H«w V«*

m 1 1

AT an. Bllcj*D\

lU \1 \run

..,./^^^^'*;teachers' guide.

Lntfred vt
New York, N. Y..

TiiE Po8T Office of
AS Second-Class IUtthi.

D. T. AMES, Editor •
B. F. KELLEV. Aiioc

d Proprietor.
•10 Edilor.

NEW YORK, MARCH, 1883.

Vol. VII.— No. 3.

LESSONS IN PRACTICAL WRITING.
No. X. — Bv Henry C. Spencer.

CopyriijhUd, March, ISSS. by SpCncer Brothers.
I gTvtitttt itiTentiotia ol htiman ingeDuitj-. are writing tnA monty: the awiimon language <i

r 0/ te^.it

The accompanying <

ffliile the

represents the partial left-side position fur writing; some-
times called the accountant's position, becanse
adapted to writing on hooks that cannot, con-
veniently, bo placed ohliquely upon the table
as \vc may place paper.

iIbo suggests the proper position

1 a hlackhoard, which requires

side he turned partially toward

ectire the proper slant of letters.

arm and hand are used to steady the

of the writer. A chalk crayon, how-

Qot usually held like a pen, or pencil ;

the writing end is held between the ball of

the ihumb and the end of the first finger,

ross the palm ol the hand.

the mastery of praciii

learner has not the

bang in bis ro(

ornamental pen-
, blackboard, he
1 the supply de-

lain portion passes obliquely across

lOARD Practice as an aid to the

! earnestly recouniiend. If the lea
can, at email cost, obtain a Hexible blackboard
parluieiii of Tin: Penman's Art Journal.

We have received, from a prominent State Normal School, a quantity nf specimens
showing the progress made by a class in writing, in a course of lessons where a part of
each les."!on required practice on the blackboard, and ihe improvement uniformly made by
the pupils is remarkable. We have reason to believe that the blackboard practice was an
important aid in producing such highly gratifying results. It is of especial use in educat-
ing the eye to a proper appreciation of forms, and the character of the consecutive strokes
which compose leitTs and words.

Movements. — In practicing the larger-sized capitals, two ruled spaces in hight, em-
ploy tho whole-arin movement freely; nest, make them one and one-half ruled B|jace8 in
hight, using the forearm movement, which is the wholearm movement modified, by allow-
ing tbo muscle of the forearm, near the elbow, to come lightly in contact with the edge of
the desk ; next, write the capitals eight-ninths of the ruled space in hight (medium-ruled
paper), with combined movement, in which the fingers slightly assist the forearm. In
each of these movements the mind should be directed to the ehunlder as the centre of
motion, nud the writing epeed should be gradually but surely increased, from moderate to
highest degree o( rapidity practically attainable, aiming, always, to produce the standard
forms. Ho who aims at nothing hits twthing. Aimless practice is worse than useless; it
is injurious to miud and hand.

Copy 1 introduces the reversed- oval, which is the distinguishing feature of nine cap-
itals, called the reversed-oval letters.

In forming this oval, the direction of the movement is upward— the opposite of tl'at
which produces the direct-oval, or capital ; hence, the name, reversed-ovn].

The square is an aid in securing the proper slant and width of this oval. The loops
at base of exercise facilitate continuous movement, round and round in same oval. Dwell
upon this exercise until freedom, ease and goi)d form are secured.

The correct slant of a reversed-oval letter may be readily secured by making a light,
straight stroke, on maiu slant, and then striking the oval around it. Observe the shade.
How does it increase and diminish ? Where is it broadest ?

Copy 2. The email loop of Z is on the slant of the lower part of right side of
al ; aim to make the long loop on main slant, and, io the wholearm practice, extend it
le and one-third ruled spaces below base-line.

Left and right curves in Q cross each other, closing the oval at base; loop ia hori-

il. Be careful to make the fourth stroke of TT a left curve, and i
opound curve. How many shaded strokes in each letter t

Copy 3. The capitals are here presented practical size. Width of reversed -oval,
measured at right angles to main slant, one and one-half u-spaces; third stroke of X,
descending, touches shaded oval at middle hight ; make it a true curve ; there is a tendency
to make an angle at point of contact with shade, making the letter look like a K. Strokes :
left curve, right, left, right.

Caution : Do not begin the reversed-oval with too slight a curve, nor leave it too
much open at base, pruducing a horso-shoe form.

Pen on the wiug \ sweeping down on the right, i
to produce fyll, free left stroke in reversed-oval, as i
large family of letters.

Capital W. Oval same as in X ; width across
one and two-third u-spaces; width between angular joinings at base, the
spaces at middle hight, equal ; ^nal curve, two-thirds bight of letter. Strokes : left,
right, right, left, left.

Capital Z. Make the oval as in W; small loop, one-half i-space in hight ; width
of oval turn, from base of small loop to crossing of long loop, one u-space ; width of
long loop, one-half u-space, full. Be careful to make oval and long loop both on main
slant. Strokes : left, right, left, right, lefl.

Capital Q. Reversed-oval, same width as va Z ; right curve descending, crosses left
curve near base, and passes one u-space to the left ; horizontal loop, narrow, and one
u-space li'Ug ; compound curve, crosses both curves of oval. Strokes: left, right, com-
pound. The monogram, which embraces W, X, Z, Q, is presented for study and
practice.

1 the air, and upon the left on paper,
t forms the prominent part of this

I lop from I

I angular joining.

/Z^

^--^.-u^y iJ^i^y^^t-iSy

Copy 4 affords practice upon words embracing capitals that have just been taught
separately. The X and ^ joiu readily to small letters that follow ; so will the Z. Would
suggpst more extended practice on these letters. The name of a Buckeye farmer, Xeno-
phon Quinton, is a good one to write ; Washington, another ; Zimmerman is an excellent
combination for free practice. Many others may be thought of in this connection and
written, for improvement.

Copy 5. In this copy the reversed-oval is modified to adapt it 1
how the shaded stroke is brought down on the main slant on the right. It i
in nearly equal parts as to length, of right curve, straight line and left c
the shade increase and diminish ? Practice this copy thoroughly, then pass <.

Copt 6. These letters depend upon the reversed-oval for their top portion ; bnt the
width of the oval is slightly reduced, and the opposite curves cross near the base line.

It you wish to be represented by a good-looking form — and who does nott — give
special attention to capital /. Many excellent writers form it with but two strokes, omit-
ting the final left curve.

It is necessary in these letters, / J, to make first third of upward left cnrve, full I
full ! ! so that right curve descending will crosa it above point of beginning. Observe posi-

Copt 7 brio^ at down to the practical sod most aiefal size agaiD.
Capita] V. R«v«rsed-oval ooe and ODe-third ; 6Dal eorve two-tbirds hif^bt of letter,
Strokes : left, oompoaDd, oomponod oorre.

Capital U. Reverscd-oval, mme as \u V; difltaoco between shadedstrokeaod straight
liDfl, 000 epace, full ; hight of atraight line l«-a-thinl« of letter. Strokes : left, compound
riKht, iitraight, right. Only one shade, miDd.

Capiul T. First four strokes same as in U, enisb with loop, like amall y. Strokes ;
left, compoand, right, straight, right, left.

Work np the raonogrsTn, napiul /. First or simple form; width of Inop, one
u -apace ; crossing of curves one-third i-epace above base; distance between curves on
hB«e-liae, one u-space. Strokes : left, right. Shade lower third of right curve. The
second or full form of the / is completed h ith an egg oval, one aud ooe-half i-snaces
high, and two and one-half n-spacea long. Especial attention should be given to the
direction and curve of the final stroke.

Capital J. Top similar to /; loop below, one-half u-space in width, shaded oo right
side. Be sure to give main slant to long down stroke. Strokes: left, right, left. See
ntooogram showing relation of / aud J.

Copy 8. Practice on words. U, Y and J are letters that join
following small letters. Write also, Uncle, Very regpeetfulhj, Yo
promise, June, July, January, etc.

Wo have undertaken a great deal for u single lesson ; but as the lesaous are a monll
apart, the time for practice is ample.

The capiUls we present, as most will agree, are plain and simple, and yet synimetri
cal, in style. The tendency of handwriting, in obedience to the demands of evcry-day use
is steadily in the direction of siinpUcity ot form. It is not many years since the re
vcrBod-oval used in the nine capital letters taught in this h-ssnu was formed
tttrokes, and now it is universally conceded thai two strokes much better answc
pose than did the four.

We warn oar pupils against the use of redundant strokes in their writing.

Some of our young people, especially when they have attained free ct
indulge in extra curves aud elaborated forms of letters, quite ridicuhms
correspondence, and the Spencerian System is often unjustly held responsible for such
eccentricities ; when, in short, it rondemns them.

In conclusion I would remark that unfortunately the body of professional penmen in
our country too often suffers in reputation, because held responsible for the gimcrack pro-
duwtions of exceptionally vain, conceited and illiterate self-styled " professors " of pen-
manship. Other professh.ns suffer also, more or less, from having unworthy members
whose acts they deprecate, hut cannot control.

Vith/fl

id of hand

Bv Paul Pastnor.
This is what took place at our lyueum,
Tlie Kubject bad been brought uji by the
card of a writiug-teaoher, published in the
eountj paper, which announced that be

should spend one month in R , for the

jturposo of forming a writing-class and in-
structing all who desired to join it in the
beautiful art of penmanship. It was an
"off" night at the lyceum. The contest-
anta who had been appointed to take the
leading parts in the debate, announced
theuisolvcB unprepared, for good and suf-
ficient reasons, and the Presblent excused
thoin for two weeks. "Now," he said,
" let us have an inloruial talk on some sub-
ject of interest. Part of the object of our
training here is to fit us f.ir speaking with-
out previuna preparation on an; subject
which may be brought up. Will some
meuilier suggest a topic of interest for this
evening f

I happened to have in my pocket ihe Cou-
rier, with the writing-teacher's annouuce-
uieut in il, and I stood up and said ; "Mr.
President, I see by a card in this week's
paper that we are to have a course of writ-
ing-lessons here in town." ! read the card.
■•Now, Mr. President, and gentlemen, it
seems to me that this is a subject which in-
terests us all, and inasmuch as the gentle-
man who is coming here will depend largely
upon the membera of this lyceum for pat-
ronage and assistance. I would suggest that
we bring out, bya talk on writing, the opin-
iou» of tliose present, so that we may kuow
who of us are in favor and who opposed to
the project of a writiug-.school. If agree-
able to the members of the Society, I will
slate the question in thU form : Resolved, (
that we believe the puMeiiion of a good
handwriting to be oi the greatest value ui '

j every young man, and that we will support
and aid the proposed school of penmanship
in this village." The subject was accepted,
and also the fonn of statement. " I will ap-
point no regular contestants on either side
of the question," said the President, " but
let each member speak when be chooses
; aud as he chooses upon the subject before
us." As I had introduced the matter, I was
asked to open the discussion, which I did,
as well as I could without previous thought,
urging the considerations which I deem.d
best calculated to support the affirmative
side of the question. When I sat down, a
young man— son of the village merchant— a
fellow of considerable ability, though indo-
lent, who bad been away at college for two
years, but was now spending the winter at
home, for some reason not made public —
this young man rose, and said : " Mr. Presi-
dent : I regret that I am not able to indorse
in every respect the opinions of the gentle-
man who has just spoken. I do not believe
that the usual stereotyped hand taught by
writing-masters is worth, for bu-ines» or
literary purposes, the time and trouble and
money which are required to secure it. I
admit that a good handwriting is of value,
but I do not think that the best handwrit-
ing is taught by following the usual cut-and-
dried method. It teems to me that a sys-
tem which excludes the element of person-
ality in penmanship is not one which we
want to tie ourselves down to. I look at
one of these Spencerian charts, and then at
the handwriting of the teacher and of the
the same general impression. The writing
is pleasant enough to the eye. is easy to
read, but it is formal, labored, and lacks the
higher beauty of orii-inality and force. Now
I have seen the handwriting of a good many
college who had collected, in a scrap-book,
quite a number of scraps of letters and

autographs of well-known men, both in
mercantile and literary life. I never saw
but one piece of manuscript, of a business
man, which was anything like a Spencerian
oopy-book, and that was the work of a very
young man who had succeeded to a large
business built up by his father. The father's
handwriting was small aud condensed,
without an unnecessary stroke or an orna-
ment anywhere. It was very plain, but be
never looped his I's or shaded bis t's. He
wrote with a stub pen, and the lines were as
black as night and as straight as a yard
measure. All the business men represented
in that book wrote differently ; their person-
ality came out in strong lines, and one could
easily see that they never wasted time pat-
tering over a copy-book, or if they ever did,
they bad gotten bravely over it. I say it
honestly, that their handwriting was more
beautiful to me thau the finest copper-plate
script. There was more in it. It had the
beauty of adaptability, which is higher than
the beauty of abstract form. So with the
writing of literary men. I saw sixty man-
uscripts of American autbora in that scrap-
book, and not one of them would have been
accepted as child's copy by a writing-master.
The President of our college writes a rough,
angular little hand, but it looks well on the
page, and does a man more good than all
the ' Be virtuous and you will be happy' that
ever flowed from the painstaking pen ol
writing-masters upon the copy - sheet of
despairing youth. Now, Mr. President, I
do not propose to attend this writing-school,
and I do uot propose to use any influence
which I may have, either for against it.
The system of writing which is now taught
seems to me too uniform and lifeless, and
not practically worth the time and money
spent in acquiring it. These are the points
I wished to bring cut."

The young collegian sat down amid a
perfect silence. I must confess that I felt as
though my simply stated arguments had been
cast considerably into the shade, and I hardly
knew what to say, in case it sboold devcdve
upon me to reply, in the end. I was very
much relieved, therefore, when the young
principal of the village academy, a college-
bred man and a graduate, rose and said :
" Mr. President, as the question is now open,
I should like to say a few words by way of
comment upon the arguments which have
just been advanced. The gentleman has
made a very brilliant and forcible plea, but
his blows, I think, have been mostly de-
livered into the air. He claims that the
system of penmanship now taught excludes
the element of personality. How does it
exclude personality? He says that the
chart, the handwriting of the teacher and of
the more advanced pupils convey the same
geniml impression. I challenge him to
prove that they arc so much alike that one
could be mistaken for another. The fact
that they convey the same general impres-
sion is that which marks them as exponents
of a common art; the fact that they are not
servile repetitions of one another, as a type
is repeated upon paper, proves that they
contain originality. If I can distinguish
difference in a word or sentence written by
one of my pupils from the same word or
sentence written by myself, so that I could
not mistake the former for my own, then
I claim that there is originality in that word
or sentence of handwriting in both cases,
and originality in every letter and line of it ■
lor It is logic, that what is true of the whole
18 true of every part. I can distinguish b.-
twoen the handwTiting o( an advanced pupil
and his teacher, between dilierent advanced
pupil", between different writing-masters,
between any two professional or skilled
writers in the worid, and anyone can do it
who has at all an eye for the art. There-
fore, I claim that there is originality in cor-
rect penmanship. There is 'originality in
any two products which arc not exactly alike
and proved idtntical. A«aio, the gentle-
man who has just spoken, claims that ekUled
penmanship lacks force. Now, if he will
teU US just exactly what qualities constitute
force in pemmmship, I think we ehaU Siul

that the highest form of the art possees€>s
them. For myself. I should think that the
qualities of force in penmanship were coti-
si^teney aud legibilitif ; at all events, a
handwriting not possessing these qualities
is weak, characterless. By consistency I
mean, adherence to the same general princi-
ples of form. In consistent handwriting the
slant is always the same. Ihe letters are
formed upon Ihe same general model, the
manuscript pages present harmony. I
claim that the present siyle of correct writ-
ing is consistent. Legibility is the other
quality of force. A style of penmanship
which does loop its I's and shades its t's,
certaiLly cannot be be less legible than one
which so far departs from perfect and ac-
knowledged forms as to disregard these
points. Add to this the care of the accom-
plished penman in making every letter con-
plele as well as beautiful, and I think it will
lie aw^orded that the artistic form of pen-
manship, as taught, is the most legible.
With consistency and legibility, I claim that
it possesses force. As to the examples of
uncultivated, or slovenly, or, if yon will,
characteristic, haurlwriting alluded to by the
gentleman, I ilo not think that the descrip-
tion of them strengthens his argument. I,
too, have seen smiie specimens of the hand-
writing of representative men. Among
literary men. Dr. Holland's for instancer
and Longfellow's, each a model of beauty
and correctness. James A. Garfield wrote
a writing-master's hand. As to business
correspondence, take Ihe majority of letters
which pass between large commercial
houses. If the gentlemen of the firm do
not write their own letters, they at least
know how they beat wish them to appear,
for, next to professional pen- work, the busi-
ness correspondence of this country presents
the most beautiful specimens of penmanship
ant— idcar, clean, running, harmonious
ipt, that one feels more like framing for
Its own sake than abstracting a message
from and then throwing into the waste-
paper basket. And as to the argument that
it does not pay to acquire this art of pen-
manship, I think that the fact of all these
successful and rising men, defeats it. There-
fore, I think that we ought to support the
resolution which has been offered."

The young teaclier was warmly ap-
plauded as he sat dowu, aud 1 .lo not need
to add that the question was decided ac-
cording to the evident desire of the mem-
bers, in favor of the affirmative.

Scepticism.

The scepticism of the age strikes deep.
It asks not merely, is the Bible inspired I
But, have we a Bible f It not only ques-
tions whether a miracle is possible; it de-
mands whether the Christian religi-m is
supernatural. It not simply seeks to know
whether Christ made an atonement- it in-
quires, Is there a Godf It examines less the
question of the doctrine of future punish-
ment than the more fundamental question.
Is there a future f

How widespread is this .|ueationing of
the corner-stone ,if Christianity cannot be
said with precisi.iu. But it pervades, af
least to some ilegree, the educated classes of
the community. It is indicated in the pa-
pers, in the Ninelccntli Century, and other
magazines. It is evidenced in the popu-
larity of Mr. Mallook's " Is Life Worth
Living." It is voiced in discussions in phil-
osophical s.icietiea and literary clubs. Of
the spread .,f this scepticism among the
rank and file of the community also there
can he no doubt. " Materialism," remarks
a keen English writer, " has already begun
to show its efforts on human conduct and on
society."— Jl/rtcwiHaM.

Subscribers who may desire to have theii
subscriptiou begin with Prof Spencer's
course of lessons, which began in the May
number, may do so. and receive the Jou»-
NAI, from that date until January, ld((4, for
\$1.50 with OI10 pcamiam.

Vim ,j<)i kv VI

'^iu^^sm

but til*'

iid the

Some Scraps of History.

By S. S. Packard.
My dear Amen:

You a«k me tu writ« yvu a sketch of loy
life to accutnpHuy a portrait which you have
dr>cirlc<) t() publish in your March issue; and
you request me, moreover, to forgpt that I
am "Packard, chuck full of niodenty, and
just do him /uil juttice \u all the depart-
mcDttt of his life's work — hh teacher, author,
UfUrateur, and man."

Of eouree I '* ha»<ten to reply." Almost
anybody would ; anybody, I mean, who
isn't suffocated with modesty. Therw may
viptions among buHJuess college men,
I exceptional, anyway. I look
upon it aa a rare opportunity — such a one,
in fact, a8 I have no moral right to throw
away. Opportunities are the gold mines of
life ; and gold mines, to jwoduce anything,
muBt be worked. I will work thw even if
it produces nothing.

But you have asked of uio two impossible
thiugs; firet, to forget that I ain Packard,
and next, to do myself "full justice." I
cannot forget that I am Packard. I only
wish I waild. It is the one thing in my life
that I am always promptly e<inscious of. I
liave often tried to cheat myself in this re-
Hpoct; Ut forget my personality; to think
myself another, with diflerent tendencies and
dillerent environments; but always at the
same old man turns up,
B intinnities, the same obstruct-
tbe same unreasoning hopes,
le unsatisfied desires. No, I
cannot forget that I am Packard, although I
did once forget my naine. That was in
Cincinnati, more than thirty years ago. I
called at the Post-office for a letter, and
when the delivery-elerk asked my name the
ludicrousncsH of the request so disconcerted
mo that, for the life of me, I couldn't think
of it, and actually had to take my place at
the end of the line and collect my scattered
wits. It waa a case of t^-niporary aberra-
tion. I am occaaionally troubled in that
way. Sometimes, even, I forget that I am
owing a man until reminded of it ; and once,
I remember, I let my subscription to the
Journal lapse until one of those sweet
little insinuating poatal-cards came to me,
like Banquo's ghost, and set me right. I can
forget things like this, but it is useless to try
to forgot that I am Packard.

And as to doing " full justice " to myself,
that is quite out of the question. I couldn't
do it if I would, and I wouldn't if I could.
The fact is, I neither want to do justice to
myself, nor to have anybody else do it. This
is something that I have always dreaded.
Of course I don't doubt that in the long
eternity there will be an evening up of
things, and everybody will get his deserts.
Then I expect U> catch it, with others of
your delinquent subscribers ; but I am like
the boy who was sent home with the prom-
ise of a tlmishing when his father came.

"Don't hurry, father," said the boy; "I
can wait."

Nevertheless, I will do the best I can, and
yon can print as much or as little of what I
write as you choose. Even if you leave it
won't blame you, nor will I. There was a
time in my life when, if I had been told that
bi^foro I died the editor of a great i)appr in
New York would desu-o to publish my por-
trait, and say something ab<iut what I had
done in the world, I wouldn't have had half
the faith in the fiilfiUment of the prophecy
that some sensible people seem u> have had
in the coming <.f Wiggins's stonn. And if
by any means I a.uhl have been induced to
believe it, I should have be«-n wholly at a
1(*B to sunnise what tlie line of human ef-
fort would be that should entitle me to any-
body's con^deration. For there was no
divine intimation in the beut of my boyish
fashion, nor in the achievements of Iny boy-
isli life. The most that I can remember of
my earlier schooldays is that I loved all the
nice little girls, and bad a fashion of '• leav-
ing off head" in my spelling-class. I do
ration— I waa going to say "adoration" —

for a

And so strong is this sense
in me, even now, that the very smell of
printers' ink or binders' glue aends me back
involuntarily to those "baby days"; and I
think of myself, lying upon the floor in the
"best room," when the light from the un-
curtained uindow streams

pages

the whole matter that is to me as irreeistiblo
as it is unaccountable, and there has been no
time since my early manhood that I liave
not been in some way cotmected with print-
ing. I ought to ha^■e been a great editor or
a great author, and I am satisfied that the
upon the open ' only thing that has kept me from one oi
of the rarest ! other— possibly both— has been the lack of

things for a boy of those days to hold in his I ability. Once I thought 1 1

hands.

There was probably never bora a boy
who, during Jill the years of his adolescence,
had a greater reverence for "print" than
ha^ J. Raised, for the most part, in a one-
horse town in central Ohio, to which my
father, witli our family of five boys — and no
girl — had emigrated from Cummington,
Mass., in 1833, I had no chance to see or
know men of letters. A real live editor I
had never seen — let alone an author. Such
persons wer
a high ordei

on the earth, but whose heads were certainly
in the clouds. The editor of our country
paper— the Newark Ga«/ie— which I re-
member with as much distinctness as I do
the New York Tribune which I read this
morning — was, in my opinion a "bigger
man " than Horjice Greeley ever dreamed
of being. There was absolutely nothing ho
did not know, and nothing in an intellectual
way he could not do.
With this prodigy before me I made up

. the

of becoming a magazine publisher, and the
few people now living who have not quite
forgotten Packard's Monthly and "The
Wickedest Man in New York " wiU know
to what I allude. I am quite sure even
now, that I struck a genuine thing, and be-
lieve that I should have succeeded in mak-
ing a fair reputation and a good living as a
and a little more leisure. As it was, I made
a stu-, and invested a few thousand dollars in

imagination, beings of I a very permanent way.

feet might possibly rest I I began to teach at sixteen, and that, I
am soiTy to have to say, ^vas forty years ago.
" Pity the sorrows of a poor old man " who
has to own up that ho is fifty-six years of
age!

My first school was in Delaware County,
Ohio. I visited the old echoolhouse last
summer on my way to the Cincinnati Con-
vention. It stood on the old spot, by the
roadside, solitary and alone. In front of it,
however, waa a locust tree, some eighteen
inches in diameter, which had twice been

my mind, at the age of twelve years, that I
would be an editor as soon as I became a

peared in this same county paper for a boy
to learn the printer's trade. It caught my
eye, and I answered it at once — that is, I
wrote the letter at once ; but, as it would cost
ten (rents to send it by mail, I had to wait
until I could send it by private conveyance.

The first man that hauled a load of wood
to tov.'u earned my letter. I got an imme-
diate reply, with an off of the pkce— erand
came very near running away to accept it,
:is my father refused to let me go. I think
I never quite forgave him for it, and even to
this day I look upon his decision as a well-
meant but unwarrantable blunder. I got a
mild revenge, however, in having a "piece
of poetry " published in the paper a few
weeks after. It b(.re my initials, and my
revenge was in seeing my father's eyes stick
out when he read it. I am sorry to say that
this "piece" has never appeared in any
collection of American jKjetry.

I was never in a printing-office, and never
saw a movable tyjw, until I was eighteen
yeare of age ; but my reverence for printing
and printers, and printing-oflaces and printed
pages, which began long before that, contin-
ued to grow and has grown without abreak to
the present day. There is a glamour ubout

struck by lightning, but, in the language of
Daniel Webster, waa "not dead yet." I
planted that tree with my own hands — and
a little assistance from the boys and giris —
forty years ago next month.

In 1845 I went to Kentucky to teach
wilting. I remained there a little more than
two yeai-s, when I was willed to Cincinnati
by " Father Bartlett," the pioneer of busi-
ness colleges, for whoiu I taught writing for
another two years. I don't think I was ever
much of a writing-master, and I am sure I
never liked the business. Bartlett, however,
thought I was a prodigious chap, and used
to blow my horn with all bis lungs. He
even has a kindly remembrance of me to
this day, and treats me with the fond affec-
tion of a father.

I married in Cincinnati in 1850, and in
July of the same year I moved with my
little wife to Adrian, Mich. Hero I taught
writing in the Union School untU I was
stricken down with mjilarial fever, which
followed mo and kept me on a low diet of
health and funds until 1 got discouraged and
disgusted, and left for the East.

I landed, with my wife and ten months'
old baby, at Lockport, N. Y., having come
by canal boat from Buffalo, on the nine-
teenth day of November, 1851. I waa
barely able to walk— was pale, emaciated,
and weak — a

with not more than five dollars in my
pockety and no certainty of employment.
But I was in the State of New York, with
Michigan fcvciv at my back, and was happy."
J was soon employed a.*( teacher of writ-
ing, book-keeping, and drawing in the
Lockport Union School. But the little I
knew of book-keeping and drawing wouldn't
way hurt anybody. 'The smallest head could
carry it without producing the mildest cere-
bral commotion. But I did what many
another better man has done — I studied and
taught, and managed to keep just a little
ahead of my pupils, and won an undeser\-ed
reputation of being a good teacher. Some
of those boys and girls aie alive to-daj.
Some of them may even read these lines
and wonder how they could have been so
taken in. One of them — a boy of twelve —
College of Baltimore. Ho seems to have
followed in the footsteps of his old teacher,
cither from an impulse received at that lime
or from a conviction of duty which seized
him later in life.

While in the Lockport school I attempted
the publication of a monthly school-paper,
"The Union School Miscellany." It ran
about a year, I have a bound voluuie of
the complete edition, and, judging from its
literary character, I think it should have
boon called a weakly rather than a monthly.
From Lockport I went to Tonawauda, a
thriving to\vn on the Niagara River, be-
tween Buffalo and the Falls. Here I pub-
lished a weekly newspaper for three years,
and was as happy as happy could be. While
in this congenial and delightful occupation
chance threw me in the way of H. D. Strat-
tou, who, with Bryant & Lusk, had just
started the Cleveland Commercial College.
I had previously known Lusk in Cincinnati,
where he was attending a medical college,
and he set Stratton on my track. For a
year I resisted the wooing,.but it wa* use-
less. Stratton waa a man who never yielded
a point. Ho had set out to make a commer-
cial college man of me, and he succeeded-
Under a general arrangement I took charge
of the Buffalo College on the firet of Sep-
tember, 1856, about as poorly qualifftd to
nm a business school as any tramp could be.
To he sure, I wrote a fair hand— not Spenco-
rian — and had a smattering of book-keeping
and arithmetic ; but I have often thought
that if Stratton had known how really igno-
rant I was of the science of hook-keeping
ho would as soon have thought of recom-
mending me to fill a Buffalo pulpit aa of en-
gaging me to conduct the second link in his
great " Interaational Chain of Commercial
Colleges." But the best part of it was that
X was as ignorant of my ignorance as Strat-
ton was. If I hadn't thought I could do
the work in a creditable manner I surely
should not have undertaken it. I tremble
now when I think of my temerity; but I
wonder still more that I got along somehow,
and nobody scorned tu know what a humbug
I was. But hopeful as I was of myself, I
did not long rest ignorant of my own short-
comings, and I determined to master book-
keeping in the shortest possible time. The
te.\t-book used in the school — or rather the
book of reference, for we made a virtue and
boast of using no text-books— was Thomas
Jones's Book-keeping. It was the firet
philosophical treatise on tho subject that I
had seen. I ba^l used and tried to under-
stand Critteodon, and Harris, and Mareh,
and Fulton & Eastman, and Duff, and sev-
eral other authors whoso names I do not
now recall, but from none of them had I got
an inkling of the real science of book-kcep-

Thomas Jones was to me a revelation.
In his crisp, logical method of stating prop-
ositions, his presentment of the two aspects
of double-entry, wherein effect always fol-
lowed cause, and cause always preceded and
produced effect. I saw, as it were, the
heavens opening, and the angels of God
descending. Tho whole subject of double-
entry book-keeping seemed to fla-sh upon
me like a vision; and although my thoughts
were necessarily crude, and my generaliza
stranger m a strange land, j tiona often extnvagaot and wide of the

mark, the gorm of the matter had found a
lodgment in me, and I knew it could bo
nnrtured into a lively plant.

But, after all, Stratton cared more for my
litcmry help than for my ability as a teacher.
He had conceived of a "chain of cnllpges,"
and he not only w*antecl teachers, but \vrii-
en — thoBO who conld put his ideas br-fon-
the public through the columns of the news-
papers, and through books nnd circulars.
This was congenial work for me, and opened
up to my imagination great possibilities in a
chosen field.

Said he: " With Brynnt
when taken, nnd you and ine I
pickets nnd plant the standards,
have the entire country invested and everj'
etronghold in onr power."

In November, 1856, we wont to Chicago,
and together opened the "Chicago link."
Stratton did the outside work, while I man-
aged the school, and wrote editorials for the
local cfiliimns of the daily papers, fur the
insertion of wliicli we agreed to pay ten cents
ft line — iHie-littlf in tuition — represented by
prrip — and the other half in cash. It ap-
peared to tho outside world that the daily
press of Chicago wsts
very favorable to the

which it surely was.
The young men of
the city and of the
surrounding country
devoured those fervid
editorials, and cjnm>
flocking to our Bt;nid-
ard. Tho two com-
peting Bclioola were
those of Judge Bell
and Uriah Gregory.

tion lived about two years, but
a very vigorous child, and its last days were
somewhat piteous. Its disease was a com-
bination of literary and fioancial mirasmus.
It simply pined away and died. Nobody
knew for a certainty when it stopped breath-
ing. The moat that I can remember about
it at this remote date is that it was finally
dead. My impression is that the fact of its
death was concealed from or softly broken
to the public by merging it into a circular
for the new college which was beginning to
hold the points short-lived magazine it is pleasant for me
I to dcpl(»y lh(- to remember. We published in it a por-
re can sonn trait and sketch of Cyrus W. Field, j'lsl
after the laying of the first Atlantic cable.
A few months thereafter, when the wire
had become dumb, and the public confidence
in its success was rapidly waning, and Mr.
Field was forced to take hold of his paper
b'isiness in Beekman Street to save it from
the general wreck, he called on me i^ne day
with a sample of pristing-paper in his
bands to solicit our itatronage. Three
months before this really great man had
been the centre of interest and admiration

and being the " official " teit-book of " the
chaiu," its financial success was assured.
While I did not hope to say anything new
on this trite subject, I felt it necessary to
depart somewhat from the plans of previous
authors. In looking over the official state-
ment of one of the State banks, I discov-
ered that it was simply a trial-balance of an
open ledger, with the resources on uoe side,
and the liabilities on the other — and that
these were eq'iol ! This was, inde«d, a dis-
covery, and it formed the basis of my whole
work. There are a number of the old
teachers now living who will remember the
commotion which followed this departure
from Thomas Jones's classification, and
the discussions which grow out of it. Jones
himself, who was always one of my very
best and warmest friends, used to pity my
blindness in not being able to see how im-
possible it was that the proprietor's account
should show a liability — that a man should
owe himself, lift himself up by his own
bootstraps, as it were ; and I pitied him as
I did Folsom and others, who bail to ex-
plain the credit-balauce of Stock
being "the earnings of a previous busi

Gregory

more recent imjioiia-
over his opponent of
opening his school
with firayer. He did
not seem to be greatly
but tho incursion of
Stratton into the do-
the "great interna-
tional chain," quite
put him to his trumps.
cessful overtures to
R. C. Spencer to come
intothn fight, and ti^-
gothfir they opened a

Rufus Choate's Chirography.

In his very interesting sketch of journal-
ism in the Uuited States, Frederic Hudson,
fornaerly editor of the New York Herald,
relates the following :

Horace Greeley was a better penman than
either Rufas Choate or Napoleou I. Any
one who will compare Greeley's notes with
the specimeu of Napoleou's chirography in
tho Lyceum at tho Brooklyn Navy Yard,
penmanship was positively shocliing. On
one occasion he delivered an Address at
Dartmouth College, we believe, and two re-
porters from New York — one from the Tri'
bune and the other from the Herald — were
in attendance. Finding that Mr. C. had
prepared his Address, they arranged to take
his manuscript after he had finished its de-
livery, and assist each other in making an
extra copy for one of the two journals. So
they formed a part of tho audience, and
congratulated themselves on saving the
labor that taking stenographic notes of the
oration would involve. The last word of
peroration scarcely reached the ear of the
most distant hearer
before the manu-
script was in the
hands of the report-
Tbey looked

the

4^

c

The above cut ts photo-eng\

I original pen-and-ink copy executed by E. E. Itaaca, of the Normal

"Spencoriuu" e^impaign. Whether or not
Robert ussistod in the devotional part of the
work is not known to this historian. Itia
known, however, that Stratton accepted the
Spenceriau fhalleugo, and at once sent for
the author of .Spencerian Penmanship, and
the father of H.diert, tho veritable " P. U.,"
and that when I left Chicago for tho East,
just before Cliristmas, the son Robert was
with Stratton, in charge of ..a school of
seventy five pupils, and Gregory was be-
yond prayiug for.

From Chicago I came to Albany, where,
on the first of January, 1857, I opened the
Bryant & Stratton Albany C<dlege. In
March, 1855, I came with Stratton and
Elihu Burritt to Now York, for the purpose
of opeoiog a college and publishing a
mftgaxine. The first step was to attempt
to buy out " Hunt's Merchants' Magazine,"
which, on ac^-ount of the recent death of the
recent proprietor. Freeman Hunt, was for
sale. Two obstacles stood in the way, how-
ever: first, too much money was asked for
it, and second, we had no money to invest.
posed to make one.

The niagaziuewas started, and christened
*'Tho American Merchant." Bryant &
Stratton wore the publishers. I was the
editor, aud EUhu Burritt was conductor and
special contributor. This unique publica-

for the people of two continents, and had
largest and most imposing military and
civic procession this city had ever witnessed.
Now he was simply a business man trying
to retrieve his broken fortune thrnugh the
The conduct of this man under adversity
has always been an inspiration to me, and
I have often held it up as an example to
young men.

The time came at last when it seemed
necessary for " The Chain " to have some
overtures to Thomas Jones to write a work
on book-keeping. I t.ld him I thought he
would make an irretrievable blunder to em-
ploy an outsider and a competitor to do his
work of authorship; that if it couldn't be
done "in the chain "the sooner the chain
resolved itself into its separate links the
better. He at once challenged me to under-
take tho work, and all unfitted as I was, I
accepted the challenge. The running of
the New York College was put in Mr.
Bryant's hands, and I embarked on the
troubled sea of authorship. When I now
refiect upon my slim equipment for that
work I wonder at the measure of success
which attended it. Crude as

But I have had the satisfaction of seeing
my theory of "equal resources and liabili-
ties" generally recognized by thoughtful
teachers everywhere, and of knowing that
the Bryant & Stratton series of book-koep-
keeping has bad its full share of favor from
the pubbc.

Aud so I could go on talking to the end
of time ; but I won't. I don't hope to be
known in the future as a distinguished au-
thor, or a litterateur, but I would like some-
body to remember me as a schoolmaster
and a man. It is the dearest of all my
hopes that when the eartli shall have been
shoveled over my mortal remains.and I shall
no longer go in and out before the boys and
girls of Packard's Business College, I shall
still be sweetly remembered by a few loyal
hearts as one who tried, while living, to
make other Uvea than his own blessed and
fruitful.

We have decided to continue to mail,
until further notice, the "Hand-book" (in
paper) free to every person remitting \$1 for
a subscription or renewal to the Journal
for one year, or, for \$1.25, the book hand-
^^^^ ' somely bound in cloth. Price of the book,
ot us parts. It was deemed a great improve- | by mail, in cloth, \$1 ; in paper, 75 cents.
Liberal discount to teachers and agents.

most of the books then

Choate's brilliant
eloquence; they
turned the pages up-
side down,then aide-
ways, then corner-
ways, then all sorts
of ways, and gazed
at each other in
blank astonishment.
Not a word could
they decipher. They
sought the orator.
"Why, Mr. Cho-
ate," taid one of the
reporters, " we can-
not make out aword
What shall we do f"
Thai's u nfortunate,"
replied Mr. Choate.
'•It seems plain to
me; but I cannot
aid you, for I start
immediately in an
opposite direction
for New York. But
let me see ; I guess
old clerk of mine
miles from here. He can read it," aud ofi"
went Mr. Choate.

The two reporters hired a team and drove
over to the residence of tlie clerk. He read
and they took stenographic notes, and suc-
ceeded in reacliiut: New York in time to
write out their reports for their respective
journals. Those reporters, ever after, in
asking for manuscript, first carefully in-
spected the chirography.

The old art of illumination was attended
with much labor and expense. To go no
further back than the Middle Ages, we find
men in monastic cloisters spending a whole
lifetime in the oroamentatiou of one manu-
script. Days and months aud years were
occupied in the elaboration of a single capi
tal letter. All the talent, thought and ex-
perience of the artist were concentrated on
the title of a gospel, or on a page of the
Fathers, and, as he worked in his seclusion,
years slipped by and the flight of time was
unheeded. Naturally, thoso who owned
such illuminations counted themselves rich
men because of that very fact, and even to-
day, a fine specimen of ancient illumination
is more valuable far than a four-story
" brown stone front " in New York's swellest
'^veuue. — Geyer's Stationer.

,#^^^^^1 H^^g^ffl

Letter-Writing.

Articlk III.
By D. T. Ames.

Id our last issue we presented a model
for the coDstruclioD and atrangemeDt of the
several parla of a letter, and we closed with
eome hiols regarding penmanship in corre-
spondence. We will DOW consider more in
detail the constmctiun uf a letter.

We here repeat, by diagram, the form
previously given :

The Siosatube
Should be vert/ plainly written. Remember
that no context can aid in deciphering an
illegible antograph. Hundreds of letters in
course of a year, from this cause alone, re-
main unanswered in our own office, and
many others from the omission entirely of the
should make known their sex and condition,
as { Mrs.) Jennie Williams, or ( Miss ) Mary
Wood; otherwise, unpleasant mistakes

Bl. Ect: Juhn Pri

— A bishop.
-A priest, o

COMPLIMENTARV CLOSIN

fficiently to the left of
lie of the aheet to leave room for
a of the place and date on tlie head-

Vali'ARAISo, Ind., March 1st, 1883.

Valparaiso, Ind.,

March 1st, 1883.
If writing from a large city, the street
and number should be speciHed, thus:

March 10th, 1683.
If writing from a hotel, or institution, the
name should be given in the title.

The name and address are most properly
written at the opening of the letter, upon
the left-hand, thus:

March 10th, 1883.
S. R. Hopkins, Esq.,

2i) Wurren Sireet, New York.

It ifl the practice of some writers, and ad-
vocated by some authorities, to place the
clusion of the letter,upon the left-hand side.
We, however, prefer the former method.

The Salutation
Is written to the right, and on line below of
the address, and its form varies according
to the relations of the parties. In friendly
Friend, etc., is preceded by the word Dear,
which word in business, official, and other
letters, is omitted.

The Body of a Letter
Should commence about two inches from
the top of the sheet, or if short, so as to oc-
cupy the central portion of the sheet. Each
distinct topic should constitute a paragraph.
There should bo a margin upon the left, of
at least ono-half of an inch.

Compliment ARV Closing.
This, also, varies greatly according to
the uiuiual relations oj the parlies. In let-
ters of buBiaoss it is, Yours truly, Your,,
respectfully, Yours very respectfully. Id
letters between hieuda — Yours very truly,
etc

Superscription.
Much of taste and habit is displayed in a
fiuperscription of a letter. It should be
plainly wriiten, and complete. The name,
nearly central upon the envelope ; place
below, and to the right of the center, coun-
ty and State, still below, and to the right,
thus:

Prof. Jauiea Wiee. — Professor of art or

Official Titles.

„. ,. ,, S The President, Governors,

ff« Lxrdtenry j ^^^ ^^^^^ ministers.

Executive Departments. Stale
„ ,, ! and National Members of Con

Honorable . ^^^^ ^^^ gj^,^ Legislatures.
Lieut.- Governors, judges, and
[mayors.

Officers of the army and navy should be

One title only should be prefixed to any
name, as Hon., Dr., Hev., Prof. ; but as
many may be affixed as a person is entitled
to use, as A.M., M.D., LL.D., or D.U,
LL.D., etc. Where persons are addressed
in the plural the proper title is Messrs.,
which is a contraction of the French word
Messieurs. To unmarri* d ladies it would
be Misses ; married ladies, Mesdames.
{To be continued.)

Educational Notes.

[CommuDications fur thin Department may

New York. Brief educational itei

At least 7,000 American students ;
German Uu:

s Cajij,.

Naj.i

S

Pl.A

fit.

r.MIK O

County.

State.

L_

In directing a letter it is customary and
proper to make use of some title before or
after the name, as Mr. James Johnson, or
James Johnson, Esq. Ouly one title should
be used. Where a letter is not sent by
mail, but is taken by private hand, it is
customary to place upon the lower left-hand

corner— Politeness of Mr. , ur, Courtesy

of Mr. . If a letter of introduction, in

the same position, the name of the person
introduced.

Honorary Titles.

Every person of Mhalever degree is eo-
titled, respectively, to the appellation of
Mr. {mister). Master, Mrs. (contraction
for mistress), or Miss. With persons oc-
cupying a high social or professional posi-
tion, the prefix, Mr., may be omitted, and
the customary title belonging to their re-
spective positions may be used. For the
legal profession, Esq. is the proper title ; for
high olficial and legislative positions, the
title nf Hon. for honorable is prefixed.
Members of any profession should be ad-
dressed by their appropriate professional
titles, as Prof, for professor; Dr., or MD.,
fur doctors. The following are the profes-
sional titles in use in this country :

Jiimes Blackatone, £ay.— Attorney at Law.

Or. Charles Medicus, 1

Charles Medicus, J/./>. )

Rev. James Goodman, D.D.— Doctor of Di-
vinity.

UtT. (or Prof.) Jamwi Wiae, il.Z).— Doc-
tor of Laws.

/ Doctor of Medicin

A member of her Class of '53 has just
made Yalo College a present of \$60,000.

There are 1,493 students now enrolled in
the various departments of Oberlin College.
The study of Latin has been made com-
pulsory in the high schools of Charleston,
S. C.

Brooklyn has sixty-six public schools,
200,000 scholars and 1,343 teachers. There
are, besides, about 2.'),000 pupils in private
schools.

Miss Edith Thomas, daughter of Pro-
fessor Thomas, of Johns Hopkins Univer-
sity, has recently received the first degree of
Ph. D. ever granted to a woman by the
University of Zurich.
— N. 0. Christian

130,000 children
were in school last
.i0,0U0, who should
have attended, did
not do &n.~ Public
School Journal
Miss Kittie Hoyt,
a teacher in Wyandotte, Mich., punished
the son of the ex-Mayor, and was arrested
for assault and battery. She was acquitted.
—Public School Journal.

Forty students have been imprisoned in
St. Petersburg for expressing doubts of the
Minister nf Public Instruction.— iV. Y.
Witness.

A note from Whittier, the poet, who is a
trustee, is published, in which he expresses
his hope that the "noble old institution''
will be open to women— a measure, he says,
" which I feel certain would redouod to the
honor, and materially promote the prosperity
of the college." — House and Home.

The Fourth Annual Report of the Super-
intendent of Public Instruction of the Ter-
ritory of Montana, just issued, shows that
there are in the Territory, 189 schools, 191
teachers, and fi,054 scholars. In regard to
illiteracy it stands very well, coming just
after New York and Ponusylvauia, and just
before Indiana, Vermont and Massachusetts.
— JV. r. THbune.

Educational Fancies.
"School Tax." — Does he mean large-
beaded ones, such as the teacher sat down
onT

Give the miser a knowledge of the mathe-
matic and he will cipher more. — N. 0.
Picayune,

Professors: "If you attempt to squeeze
any solid body it will always resist pres-
sure." Class smiles and cites examples of
exceptions which prove the rule.

At one of the schools in Cornwall the
Inspector asked the children if they oould
quote auy text of Scripture which forbade a
man having two wives. One of the child-
ren eagerly quoted in reply the text, " No
man can serve two masters."

Many a boy has declaimed at school Chaa.
Sumner's famous speech in regard to the old
battle-flags. There is one sentence in which
the orator, referring to the fallen soldiers,
exclaims, "Let the dead man have a hear-
ing ! " We remember listening to the
rendering of this piece by a youthful as-
pirant for oratorical fame before an audience
of select visitors. Imagine the horror of
the teacher when, in stentorian tone, the
boy cried out — " Let the dead man have a
herring ! "

"Don't you have any schools heret"
" Had a kind of school here last chowder
season, but the teacher was two willing."
" How so t " "Oh, some of the blue fishers
asked him if he thought the world waa
round or square, and he said seein' he waa
out of a job, he'd teach her round or square
— just as the soliool-board wanted it teached.
Said it was immaterial." — W. Y. Star.

Inquirers

From Various Parts of tub Country.

By C. H. Peircb.

1. "Do you think that, in a few months,

my penmauship sufficiently

) become a successful teacher

I could i
to enable i
of the artT"

This question takes the form of an as-
sumptitm, with a very largo percentage of
the intelligent of this day and generation.
There is, to say the least, no logic embodied

utterly void of sense. To presume that one
capable of writing even a good hand can
teach well, without proper training, is just
as preposterous as to suppose that a good
singer is necessarily a good composer.

Questions of an analogous character may
serve to determine a proper answer. Be-
cause any one can write well enough to dis-
play even superior ability, does not indicate
teaching-power beyi'nd mediocrity. The
ability to write, and the ability to teach, are
as far apart, literally, as it is possible to
conceive. A good writer may be a good
teacher; an excellent writer may be an ex-
cellent teacher; a superior writer maybe
a superior teacher ; an excellent writer may
be a poor teacher; a superior writer may
he a poor teacher.

It is only in isolated cases that the two
harmonize. We, then, must conclude that,
in nine-tepths of oases, preference is given
to either one, and that the power to execute
is by far the all-absorhing question. Is this
just f Is it right ? Is it proper t Look to
enter the teacher's profession, make the
science of teaching the leading feature.
Normal schools are established all over the
land to meet the demand that Princeton,
Harvard or Yale fail to supply.

To learn to write with matliematical ex-
actness is truly a secondary consideration.
Young men and women do not study their
best interests when they give their entire
time to executive ability. To be able to
impart instruction upon scientific principles
that are progressive, to gain the confidence
of pupils and students, to win respect and
esteem, and t'stabliah yourself thoroughly
aud efi'ectivtdy with a scrutinizing public, is
the labor of a varied experience, based upon
details which are readily gathered from an
experienced teacher.

While it is possible for one to become a
good teacher with but little assistance, the
majority will do better, everything con-
sidered, to profit by the mistakes of the one,
and thus 8h<)rten the road to success. The
answer to the original question is : You can
improvA jour penmanship very materially;

■'JVi.i„f

AH r rJoiiKvvi.

'^'^m^r

jOQ esM i;et teachiog- power ; but I cftDoot
promiM that ;ou will be f uoceMful.

2. " Do yuu ihiok that I cAxt leant to
«rit« A good, ueat aod elegant hanJ, with
proper appliratioo, when I poBseu a very
large hand and fiogeni T "

Ye«; a large band aod fingers are not
dfftriiaeDtal to the acqaisitiun of the highe«t
urder of ezecutioD. A scnall, or \ery Biiiall,
hand is objectionable, and in tiinuy cases
haa worked disaatrouR re^utta. While jruu
have no choice in the matter, yoti must be
content. Allow nae, however, to congratu-
late you upon one of Nature's blesaiogs,
viz., a large, strong, healthy baD<l.

P. S.— I trust that it corresponds with

A Modern Prodigal Son.

Br Maey E. Martin.

A large schooner had juet been securely

fastoDed to one ol the lower docks in New

York when a boy of foarteeo stepped from

The bootblack saw that the hoy wao in
earnest. *' Give us yuur hand on that ; you
have got &ght in you, if you did rome from
the country." There was a geniiine look of
respect in the bootblack's face for this boy
who was so ready to fight.

" How did you know that I was not from
the city f " atked the boy.

" I kuew it the minute you butted into
iiie that way. Going to visit friends in the

" No," said the boy ; " to tell you the
truth, I have run away from home, and I
am not goiog back again."

The bootblack gave a prolonged whistle.
" Run off, have you I Well, where are you
going to stop T I SQppose you have got
pleuty of moDey."

but fifty centa left."

the bootblack.

" Never," said the boy, proudly. " I am
going to make my own living."

As he walked along, how he wished be bad
learned to write well. Now he had no time
to leani : it could not be secured in a mo-
ment. "Oh, if only I had not idled my
time away when I was put to writing ! Now
I might have written weU." Well, ho
might have wisht-d it — he would have been
been saved by it from sinkiug into the wild
arab life that afterwanb oame to him.

It was getting well on in the aftoruoou,
and he had grown more than hungry. He
had eaten nothing that day, and the long
walk made him feel almost famished. He '
had fell like eating in the morning, but put
the money back in his pooket, fearing it :
would not last long. Now he could resist
no longer, for he was just in front of a win- '
dow where everything was displayed to |
tempt the appetite. He wont io, and ate as
only » hungry boy can. What was his
astonishment when hv asked for the bill!
The man said: " Fitty-cents." He left i
without a cent, and not a friend in that targe
city. At the appointed hour he made his |

her. The day tiefore. the father, Mr. Stead-
ham, had severely punished the boy. and. as
time proved, very unjustly. He was a man
of ungovernable temper — stern, and unre-
lenting at all times. In vain the mother
pleaded to him to go in search of the boy
and bring him back. " No," he would an-
swer, " he will soon be 8tarve<i out, and be
spirit that had fiually driven the boy to the
all his father's will, and would not go back
— no matter what happened. The mother
did all she could to find her boy, but tn

After four years of street-life, Billy, as
every street- boy called him, was a tall boy
of eighteen. His best friends would not
have recognized in hiui the neatly- dressed
boy who stepped from the schoouer four
years before. Although he was as tattered
and torn as most street-boys, yet he had
never caught up their vices. He had learned
to love this wild, free life ; yet, at tirst, cvu-

The above

her deck. Ho had a noble, manly face, and
his eyes had a fearless look as they sought
yours.

" I hope you will have no trouble in find-
ing your way home," said one of the men.
as ho patted him kindly on the shoulder.

" I dou't think I will," answered the boy ;
hut he hsd a terrible homesick feeling, as
he walked on up the street. The noise and
confusion annoyed him so that he was
tempted to go back and tell the man his
true story. On second thought — no, he
would never give up now. On he went up
many streets, until he was far up into the
city. Suddenly, as he turned a comer, he
mu Bfiuarely against a boot-black— a hoy
near his own age. The collisit.n was so
sudden that one boy rolled on© way and one
another.

" I say, country," said the bootblack,
junipiug to his feet. " don't try any more of
your goat-butting on me. You must have
practiced that with BiUy himself. I have a
good mind to give you a good thrashing for
that."

"You know I did not intend to do it,"
said the other; " but if you wan't to fight,

" Not so easy done as you think, my boy ;

" Where do Jou sleep at night t " asked
the boy, beginning to be anxious about
shelter.

" Somelimt'8 in a doorway ; often under
a box ; but if it is very cold I go to the
News-Boy's Lodging H.Mise; but I'll meet
you here at five this afternoon."

They parted iu (n.nt of a buildinp so
large and so well known that the bootblack
know that the boy would not miss it. The
neatly-dressed lad went on, into every store
where he thought a hoy could be wanted.
In some, he was turned off with B<!arcely an
answer; at many, he was told they wanted
a boy but he must write a good hand. Once
when he thought he had certainly sectired a
place (it was in a small store), and the
owner was pleased with his looks, bu* said :
" Let me see your handwriting." The man
tossed the paper back with disgust when he
saw it. " You will have to write better
than tnat, my lad, if you ever expect to gel
a place in a store." Sick and disheartened,
the boy turned from one place to another ;
but this cry always met him : " We have
DO use for a boy who doea not writa welL"

way to the spot where the bootblack bad
said he would meet him. He was there be-
fore him, and, as the boy came up, he called
ing yet ? "

" My name is not Billy," s»id the boy.
Why do you call me so t "

" You butt so well that I intend to call
you Billy."

And Billy was the name that he was
known by in all the years that he staid with
these street-boys.

In a town, soirie distance from New York,
there was a house "f a merchant. It stood
a little way from its neighbors, and had au
air of seclusion ; at the same lime there was
a certain graudeur about both house and
grounds. The family were seated at break-

fast,

the

science troubled liim ; and ever and often in
his dreams his mother's face would come
before him, and he would half determine,
as he arose from some hard bed, that he
would go back to her ; but it was put off,
until conscience troubled him no more.

One morning, as he was at the depot that
be might dispose of some remaining wares
that he had A.r sale, a handsomely-dressed
young man, very little older than himself,
came from a train, and, walking up to Billy,
said: " Will you take my satchel and show
me the way to No. Street! "

As Billy had just concluded his sales, he
consented. They walked together, and the
longer Billy looked at the young man the
more certain he felt that he knew him. At
last he knew that it was his old phtymate,

the

the only son of thf family, came hack to I
say that he was not in his nK)m and could I
nowhere be found. Still the family were 1
not alanned, hut finished breakfast before a '
final search was made. All search was in
vain, and they had come lo the conclusion,
before his mother picked up a few linos,
written to her in a cramped hand, saying that
he bad ran away, but wu ■orry to leave <

He

lo(»ked at this young man, so handsomely-
dressed, and for the first time he realized
he had placed himself hy his own act ! AU
this rushed over Billy as he walked along,
and from time to time cast stolen glances at
his playmat*, and thought, with a horrible
revuUinn of feeling, that he was now his
pMd servant, and, probably, he would not

AK I JOl KNAl-

have him for that if he hnew who be wa«.

There o

ever came

over Jooepb

iD Egypt, a

greater

loDttlDg U

know from his brethren

than rar

ne over B

Ily lo know

■ hie parenle

were si

11 alive.

Uifl 8lreet-l

Dot l>eei

in vain,

o he, byquet>tioiis, deter-

mined 1

O fiDd OD

t, Ae ibey

walkcrl on,

Billy p

>ialed ou

object* of

interest to

the Ntranger, and

6nally said

" But yoQ

vilt ba>

e time en

ugh to find .

ibe city

f you int

nd to stay very long."

"Ian

going t

} a buaineoR

college, and

iDtend u> make

ny borne he

e for some

Billy.

The young man named the very town
from which Billy came, and his heart
bounded at even hearing the name called.
Some close questions on Billy's part caused
the young iiiau to speak of hh scbonl-Iif«
in hi« uative towu, and he ended a remark
by Baying—!' But I have never been eo at-
tached to any schoolmate as I was to
Clarence Steuilhaiu."

the tears. His own name— then tbey did
remember bim ! He had thought himself
long ago forgotten. As soon as he could
recover himself, he turned, uud waid : "Why
did you not persuade bim to come to the
business college with you ? "

" He is dead," said the young man ; "or,
rather, his friends all think so. He ran

away, and we have ne

ver beard from h

"Would you t-are

anything for hiu

you were to meet hi

m now, and he

ookiug wistfully

the young mi

"Indeed, I would care just as much for
bim as I ever did ! But I fear I shall never
flee him again."

Billy's heart bade bim make himself
known, but bis pride was not alt gone, and
he said to himself—" not in these rags ! "

Billy went to the street and number with
the young man; waa paid, and went back,
but with a repugnance for the life be was
leading that amounted to horror, and with
aucb a yearning for his own home. He
could not give way to his feelings in the
street, so, paasing a newspaper building, he
went up the stairway and eat down in a
dark corner and cried as if hie heart would
break. Stout boy ae he was— almost a
grown man— his very frame shook with liis
sobs. How he longed fur a better life- for

It was just here that a reporter, coming
out of an office above, found Billy. Of all
unusual sights to see a don't-care street-boy
of his size, crying. The reporter looked on,
astonished at lirel, then, kindly lifting the
bowed head, said : " What can I do for you,
the very forui of speech that was most con-
In broken sentences, Billy told his story
to the reporter: Of his father's harshness,
bis own willfulness, and huw he had run
away. At first, trying to keep up. then
gradually sinking to what he waa.

The reporter said: "Why don't you go
back now? I will get you a ticket."

" No, exclaiuied the boy ; '* not in iliese
rags.'"

" Well, let me try to get you some eiii-
ploymODtt"

" But I cannot write," said Billy ; and
the old horror came back of how he bad
been repulsed from every place because he
uould Dot write.

" A boy your size, and cannot write ! "

■' I could write a little," said BiUy, when

I left home ; bin I cannot do much at it

The reporter hesitated just
Should he take the trouble to help this boy f
The city was full <.t just such cases. Jt waa
only for a moment that he hesitated ; then,
turning to the boy. he said : " I will teach

The boy looked up in surprise, and with
an eager, hungry look, said, in half aston-

ishmeot, half adoration : " You teach me

—to— write I " For thia seemed to the poor

oatcast as the only barrier between him and
a respectable life- -and that there could be
one person who had the power, and was
willing tn put this maeicias's naud in his
hands, seemed impossible-

" Yes," said the reporter, " come with
me up into the oHli-e." There bp explained
to Billy that he might have the use of a desk
that the reporter owned, and placed every-
thing in it that Billy would need fur writing.
He did not stop here, but bade Billy wait for
him for a few minutes. Wheu be came
back he told Billy that he had secured a
place for him in the building at so much a
week, and that he could sleep iu oce of the
rooms upstairs. Billy could hardly believe
that all this was done for him ; but a warmer-
hearted fraternity than printers never ex-
isted, a* he soon found when tlip reporter
came back and handed him a smalt sum of
money raised for him. It was sufficient to
put him in neat clothing and keep bim until
he could draw bis first week's salary.

The young man now worked with a will :
be had an object in view ; he must go back
home, and see his mother. Yet nothing
could be done until he had learned to write.
He was a handsome, fine-looking young
man, after he had put on his new attire— so
thought the reporter often, as he watched
him, while frying so hard to learn to write.
The reporter was not satisfied with simply
teaching him to write, but aa Billy would
for himself, then the reporter determined he
should be a fine penman. He stimulated
the young man by constantly holding before
him what a high point in penmanship might
be reached: showing him beautiful speci-
mens of writing, and opening to the young
man such beauties in the art that he who
had only thought of it as a passport to
secQring a position was charmed, and would
not be satisfied, until he, too, had accom-
plished this. It took months to du what the
reporter wished, and at what the young
man aimed. He had also been preparing
himself, through books, for the position he
now hoped to get. Being in this office had
been a great help to him ; for if a young
man cannot be in school, then no better
place can be found for him for improvement
than a printing-office.

One morning the reporter came in
touched the young man on the shoulder,
said: " 1 have found you a fine place

He goes farther into the room, and, i
eager longing not to lose one glimpse of
that dear face, he stuuibles against a chair.
She looks up now, and prepares herself to
meet a stranger. One look more— "can it

be ?' ' " Yee, it is ." And her face is

glorified with look of intense love as she
cries out — " Clarence, my aoQ, my son ! "

He clasps her close, and murmurs : " Can
you ever forgive me, mother t "

" Forgive you, my son ? You do not need
it!" Mrs. Steadham drew bei son to a
chair beside her, and watched, with eager
his favor. Not in his first hour of renewed
affection did Clarence tell his mother all of
his story ; but so busy bad they been in
conversation that tiiey started when they
htanl coming footsteps, and which Clarence
knew were his father's.

Mr. SteHdhain entered the room, and
Clarence saw that he bwl grown old rapidly,
and c-arried bis sorrow in bis face. He
knew his sou in an instant, and, in a voice
that sounded like a thank-offering to God,
he went up to Clarence, and, holding out
his hand, said : " My sou, I am glad to
have you back."

There may not have been killed the
"fatted calf." but there went up deep re-
joicings from that hearthstone that night.
great value to him ; and, after the first days
of home-coming, his father persuaded him to
wished this, and the clear insight that
lacked, and felt the need.

What is true of the 6gares is true of the
letters.

We now begin No. 5. • tteuded letters
with a few, leaving the resi --f the class all
along the skirmish line. A .-h«irt explana-
tu)D may, to .idvantage, precede any class-
work. Yet, when pupils arc taught to
rely upnn their own powers, and gain ad-
vancement by individual efforts only, each
pupil, without exception, will ask the very
questions that will lead to the eariiest and
best results. The advancement of any set
of pupils is in proportion to the responsi-
bility they bear individually. There is
nothing beyond general respousibility when
pupils write from copies as prescribed by
our leading systems, and why f

required to write the same

opy ,

t the e

2. The class being made up of fair, poor
and good writers, the results mast coincide.

3. The work prescribed cannot be within
the ability of all.

4. Personal attention is of but little

5. A failure to understand work gone
(i. Carelespuess encouraged.

Clarence

He went into his new position— not Billy,
the street-boy, but Mr. Clarence Steadbam.

Some months after, the reporter, as he
stood by the young man's desk, in the large

house of & Co., said: "Do you think

of going home now ? "

And the young

wered, "Yes, but

A short time brought him the success he
wished. So, hiddinif the reporter good-bye,
he started on his way over the distance that
was between him and his home.

It was autumn when Clarence Steadham
returned to his borne- autumn, with its
great pomp of reddening woods and purple
grapes. A soft alteruoon-tight rested over
the little town as ho reached it. The hiUs
^ hiwer and lower, and
was almost down ae he crossed the little
rustic bridge and laid his hand oa the latch
of his own gate. His steps baited here :
what should he find within f Was it too
latet Had he put off the coming to.. Iouk f
These are the questions that haunt bim as
he lifts the latch and passes up the walk. A
servant admits bim as he rings, and he
the sitting rooiu she joints out.
be shown the way. How

Thes

passes
Hehs

he has romped through that hall wh.
boy! Nothing is changed; it only seems
'-- night that be stole out of that door, hie
anger against his father. He
>r of the sitting-room; his
him, but sits, gazing
the fire that has just

heart hot

opens tbi

mother does n<

been kindled upon the hearth

heart smites him as he looks i

worn face, and knows he has caused it all. |

The Peircerian System o!

Penmanship

And Method op Instruction in

Public Schools.

Continued. — Article VI.

By C. H. Peirce, of Keokuk, Iowa.

So many charges have been given the

"Jury," that I would not bo surprised if

some would he forgotten and thereby impair

the rulings of the "Court." If, however,

there seem any inaccuracies, mysteries or

inconsistencies, no pains will be spared to

satisfy any reasonable inquiry.

It might he well, just here, to embody in
direct instructiim, what has been given in a
general way through preceding lessons.

Programme "A" is made up of eleven
distinct classes of instruction. Under each
class is f..uDd so many parts, and each of
these parts constitutes a copy, and each copy
is to be passed, singly, by one or more
etforts, according to the " Rules Governing
Class- Work," in copy-hook or in October
Journal, Ifei. For example, a pupil is
making a figure 4 for the first time in the
present course of lessons, five or ten Hues
(per agreement) have been made and the
work is ready for criticism. The teacher
finds it carelessly done, or poorly done or
done with reference to a wrong impression.
Whatever may be the cause, the work must
be done again with an honest criticism from
the teacher. The next effort of five or ten
lines is still uusatisfactoiy. Again the work
must be done over, and again, if necessary,
until you are positive the child has done his
best, and produced reasonably satisfactory
results for bis years. Deal honestly, and
study the child's nature. The majoriy ..f
children advance slowly at first, but as their
age and judgment increase, so will their
progress be accelerated. The result is,
that generally the number of efforts is
diminished with each succeeding class of
work. The child having passed the No. 4
satisfactorily, he is now able to cope with the
next copy and the next, and the next much
more readily than if pooriy done. Never
pass any class of work without having made
fair improvement, and this i- sure to be the
result when both pupil and teacher have
done their best, with a systematic course of
development applied in each and every
case to individual want and requirements.

7. In case of absence (ftjr any c

«) the

akei

up.

8. In case of transfer, the copies, and
often the books, do not tally.

J>. In case of promotion or demotion, the
present book which is, or is not, suitable is
cast aside for another, which may, or may
not, he suitable.

10. Grading necessary to awaken interest
or compel application.

11. If the grading of copies be sys-
tematic, and the pupil thorough, many
known causes fail to do the work given, the
remaining part cannot be satisfactorily dt.ne.

12. When pupils become conscious (and
tbey always do) of an easy mode of getting
along, they adopt it at once.

13. Criticisms are made difficult and un-
piofitable.

14. No work secured out of school hours.

15. The anxiety and worry is thrown
upon the teacher.

16. The entire class go from t
another regardless of results.

17. Confidence destroyed. First. As to
pupils' ability, in not doing good work.
Second. In the teacher, because the pnpils
have failed to reach any satisfactory resutta.

I repeat it, each pupil must earn his own
way and never be allowed to advance, ex-
cept by his own merit. Bvery pupil is now

t paget

.rking

rith a will.

pass the

next time. There are none so far behind
but what have some company, and even
with them there is ambition. Now is your
chance to show partiality by helping the
slow pupils more than you help anyone else ;
take advantage of it, and you will be counted
the best teacher on record.

The work of No. 5. is passed like all
other— one letter at a time— each effort con-
sisting of five or ten lines as you may de-
cide upon. There will be no unnecessary
hurrying, because each one knows that if
the work is not well done the dose will be
repeated. One by one the letters are passed
until each in turn is ready for words in long
letters, which constitute No. 6, Programme
" A." As fast as prepared, each continues
Ibis class-work the same as all others
passed over.

{To he continued.)

The progress of languages spoken by
different people is said to be as follows:
Euglisb, which at the commencement of the
century was only spoken by 55 millions, is
now spoken by 90 millions ; Kuesian by 63
millions instead of 30 millions; German by
22; Italian by 30 instead of 18; Portugese

Remember, yon can get the Journal
one year, and a 75-c«nt book free, for \$1 ;
or a \$1 book and the Journal for \$1.25.
Do your friends ft favor by teUiog them.

AIS I elOl UNAL

And TEACHERS' GUIDE.

PnbU»hed Montlilr at «1 jiei- Year.

Uiifla ooplM of (h« JoiiiWAL •enl on receipt of I0«.

SlBtU iDMitloD. 30 cenu p«r line Donpar«il.
.oolamn ^^ ' fM.OO |l-iO,ob \$\h.m

ftecb, u'Udh!'.'.'.' 3,25 6^30 lOW 18.00

AdrsttlMtDmti lor on* and three months, payable Id

•dTSnoe ; for all moniha and one year, payable qiiftrtorlv

la tdrsnc*. Nn deviutioo frum tlie aboTe nU». Head-

LIBERAL INDUCEMENTS.

alTlbMe who are Intefetled lii ■kllinil vrriting or lewhioff.
but tbelrevnMt and Bctive po-operatlon as comwpond-

of bis hire, ne 'inVr t'liir 1..\\<.nh>g

J01)K<«.

"Amee'a M.n i
•IIH. BC„|.V .

riS'i'

Mta'SlJi'rtil.'tiie

nil ™,,y ol 11

e'jOUBS*'..'

In ptm of Ibo obov

Any •abMriber, remini

ftlloi.i»ji.«n.«li.ort.

Til. Cml"ool«1 P«

g"iT"o"'i.S

lire tif Pn.,rre»

nill mall, fto-, lo
of ellhet of 11..

fullovring

■nbeoriben, enoloslog |3, >

pabUwtlon*.

Congdon'e NoraiBl System of loitering

Or " " ■' Flourishing.

For three names and t3 we n 111 romard tbe large Ci

tennlal picture, 38x40 tn. ; retnlla for tS- Or, a oom-

For I

"WlUl

■ Hund-book of Anialb Peni
'Stiiiidunl Prm

iiibMriptlons ni

C:an,S*^

of Penmanship "; reC«

Without « BPBCIAI
BISU the JOUIUtAL, on

S'^-::::::::::::;

4 " ...

8 " ,

10 "

LOfrtJON AGENCY.
Bubeoriptiuns to the I'EXMAS'a Art JouaXAL. f.
prompU^ attended lo by the

INTEIINATIONAL HEWS CO&TPANY.
11 Boiivene Sireel, |Ple«

a by 1

wiper will, to

New York, Ma

, 1683.

Time of Mailing the "Journal."

It has been our purpose to mail the
JotlRKAL as early us possible od the ISlIi
of each mouth, yet iu aouieiustaoces, owtDg
to unexpected demands upon our time, and
other causes boyoud our ooutrol, sucb as
delay iu cugraviug, etc., it bas beeu mailed
Bome daya laler. Wo trust our readtrs ap
predate, at least to some oxtent, (and yet
those wbo have never conducted an illus-
trated periodical must cume tar short of
doing bo), tbe great labor uf conducting sucb
a paper as the Juurnal, and this, in ad-
dition lo the time and labor demanded for
the prosecution of an extensive and laborious
business. If the Juurnal has sometimes
been tardy in ita arrival, it has been from
the unwillingness of its editors that it should
go robed less boautifully-or having a smaller
decree of excelleneo. And who of its
readerB have ever beeu unfavorably disap-
pointed in these respects when it has arrived I
If any, tbey have failed to report to ua;
while, upon the other baud, the most Hal-
tering commendations flow iu by every mail.

In a former issue we reriuested subscribers

of any month to give as notice; bat we
have found occasional delays in publication
onavoidable, and delays in transmission
through the maila so frequently, that we
deem it best that notice should not bo given
before the first of the month following pub-
lication, when, on receipt of same, we will
at once mail an extra copy. No subacriber
can be more desirous of receiving every
number of his paper surely and promptly
than are we that he sliuuld do so. And we
shall certainly use every reasonable en-
deavor to remove any cause of each delay
or failure on receipt of proper notice.

Nearly 250,(yj0 pieces of mail are an-
nually dispatched from the office of the
Journal. Who among its readers would
undertake, under bonds, to perform all the
labor of preparing this matter for the post-
ollice without a mistake, to say nothing of
guaranteeing a safe transmission and de
livery at its destination t Truly, to do this
would require something more than human.
And anyone once having tried it would find
it a task more difficult than writing testy
complaints.

The King Club
For this month is tbe " King of Kings"; it
numbers two hundred and si-xty-nine sub
scribera, and was sent by G. W. Michael,
teacher of writing at Oberlin, Ohio. So large
a club, not only tells well for the work bo-
ing done by Mr. Michael, but for the grow-
ing popularity of the JoiJRNAL, where it
has found its way, it has not only stayed,
but its friends have rapidly multiplied. The
Queen Club comes from L L. Williams,
Preaident of the Kuchester (N. Y.) Business
University, and numbers one hundred and
twenti/six. The third club in size numbers
one hundred, and is sent by W. E. Donson,
assistant teacher in tlie Theory Departmeut
of the Miami Commercial College, Dayton,
Ohio. A club oi fifty-six comes from S
S. Packard, of Packard's New York Busi-
uess College. It will bo observed that four
clubs received during the past month, alone
aggregate 551 aubscribers, while clubs of
leas magnitude have been received by the
score. Nothing like it in the history of the
Journal. Our largest hopes have been
more than realized} verily, "nothing suc-
ceeds like success."

Next to the pride of personal standing
and success, should be that of the general
welfare and dignity of the special calling in
which one is engaged. There can be no
donbt but that writing is among the moat
necessary and useful of human attainments,
and that an intelligent and successful teacher
of writing, should, therefore, hold rank with
teachers in other departments of education.
Yet, while it is true, that most of our writ-
ing-teachers are personally highly esteemed
as a claae, they do not rank witli those of
most other branches of education. That
this i-> so, wo conceive to be the fault of the
ft'W rather than the many.

A few noisy quacks, who, after the man-
ner of showmen, resort to all manner of
tricks and frauds to attract attention and
secure patrons, whom they, iu some way,
victimize, can and have done more to de-
grade the profession of penmanship than
many skilled, faiihlal and quiet workers can
do for its dignity and popularity. When-
over we see a circular or other advertia-
meht, wherein the author stylea himself a
"Champion," " Prince," " The Recognized
Chief," etc., of penmen, we instinctively
feel that he is, if not a charlatan, a per-
son whose instincts and breeding are very
much better suited to the jockey or the pre-
siding genius of a bar-room than to a teacher
in any department of education. No aensi-
ble person will associate honest, skillful and
successful teaching, or even true manliness,
with that species of bombastic and idiotic

Sample copies of the Jodknax sent only
on reoeipi of price — ten oenta.

Packard in His Glory.

On the evening of tbe 6th iosl., the grad-
uating exercises and twenty-fifth anniver-
sary of Packard's Business College of this
city took place at the Academy of Music.
Notwithstanding the extremely inclement
weather, the immenae hall and galleries
of the Academy were filled with the elite of
the city. Chief Justice Noah Davis pre-
sided over the meeting. Besides the speak-
ers, graduates and faculty of the college,
there were, upon the stage, W. H. Sadler,
of the Baltimore (Md.) Business College;
A. J. Rider, of tbe Capitol City Business
College, Trenton, N. J. ; Coleman, of the
Newark ( N. J.) Business College; H. W.
Wright, of Brooklyn, and D. T. Ames, of
New Yoik. Tbe music of the evening was
by Eben's 23d Regiment Band. The Ad-
dresses were admirable. After an opening
prayer by the Rev. W. H. Lloyd, Justice
Davis hrietly addressed the assemblage, in
part as follows:

ss endeavor. Suob an iDstitiiliun d

serves llio bom

all. Education lo our roiintry lie

s at the founda

all our inslitutions. for upon the vir

ue and ioteUige

gbt to pay homage (o Ihoie whose p
leyoulh. Among ancient peoples It
noiigall proressiona. Alexander co

govern mem.

was placed forem
nqiiered the wor

il AristoUe, his tutor, will be rein
eat warrior ia forgotten. Through

i long personal

life. Nobody leema to have

Mr. Packard was called upon by Justice
Davis to speak, and he responded to the in-
vitation iu part as follows :

, Ibe Brooklyn Bridge lay dor.nai

tallow dipo n

Tfn, for

legistato™, judges

Judge Larromore then gave au account
of Mr. Packard and his work, and spoke
warmly in favor of co-ediication. When-
ever that subject was mentinncd by any of
the speakers — and most of them spoke in
favor of it — the audience applauded vigor-
ously. President Hunter, of the Normal
College, followed Judge Larremore, and
spoke in favor of giving every man an edu-
cation better than that which his father had
enjoyed. After a piece of music had been
played, ex-Judge Fithiau »|)oke. Then
A. Oakey Hall was called upon by Justice
Davis. Mr. Hall spoke in part as follows :

be a night o

f Wiggi

> and Facltnr

It unpopular

man U

e who makes

■cry profeMio

bos its

deal, however-

the Rev. Dr. J. M. Buckley, William II.
Lloyd delivered the Valedictory to the Class,
and the diplomas were distributed by Presi-
dent Packard, to fifty graduates, among

liveied by the Rev. William Lloyd. The
Hon. Chauncey M. Depew had been ex-
pected to deliver this Address, but was de-
tained unavoidably in Poughkeepsie. A
I read from him, in which he

said:

What I would \

Back Numbers of the "Journal."

Nut

Every mail brings inquiries respecting
back numbers. The following we can send,
and no others: All numbers of 1876; all
for 1879, except J/ay and November; for

1880, copies for months of January, Feb-
ruary, April, May, June, August and
December only remain; all numtfers for

1881, and all for 1883, except June. It
will be noted that while Spencer's writing
lessons began with May, the second lesson
was iu the July number, so that the aeries
of lessons are unbroken by the absence of
tlie Juno uuinbcr. Duly a few copies of
several of the numbers mentioned above
remain, so that persons desiring all or any
part of them should order quickly. All tbe
51 numbers, back of 1883, will be mailed
for \$4 UO, or any of the numbers at 10 cents

The Next Convention.
It will be seen by an announcement in
our advertising columns that the time of
holding the next Convention of the Busi-
ness Educators' and Poumeu's Association
has been fixed for the 10th to 15ih days of
July, at Washington, D. C. Everything is
promising for the largest and most interest-
ing Conventiou yet hold. The early an-
nouncement will enable everybody to get a
good ready. Let each member begin at
once with a resolution that he will con-
tribute to the full extent of his ability to a

Remember, that if you renew, or send in
your subscription to the Journal, you
will get a 75 cent book free, or a \$1 book
for 35 cents extra.

An I .JOl'K.N.VI.

G. W. H., loglewood, Va.— How roanj »ub-
■cribera flliall I evod a( the full rate of SI "ach
in onl«r to gvt tbe CoiumoU'SeDBe Binder aB a

H. II. Segiir. HilAuJ Park, 111. Can you
furolBli me tlie buck numbers of tbe JouitNAL
up to laet Maj f Am.— "We can lurnish all the
back numbeni <-xct>i>t ihxl fur Jimu ^wcq

l-hKlV

or Mil

Subscriber asks us to explaiu tbe late arrival
of tbe February number. Ant. — Our great
anxiety to give bim tbe wonh of hU money,
wbich led us tu undertake more tlian we could
ter time, in tbe way of cute
We bopfi to do better in

fur illuBtratiuiie.

: tbe

Couv,

llie llui

-Wben will tbe
! of holding

Valuable Aids to Good Writing.

-Tbe Stftudard Script liuler" which
places coDStaotly before the writer correct
models for all the large and small letters.
of size and proporttona of writing. They are
tuvaloablc to the pupil, teacher, accouut-
ant ; in short, everybody. The counting-
house ruler, tifteen ioches long, brass edge,
mailed for 30 cents. School ruler, same as
above, without brass edge, 211 cents. If
you order either of them, yciu will certaiuly
be delighted withy our investoient.

"The Portfolio of Standard Practical
Penmanship" contains tbe best and most
complete series of copies and exercises for
enabling the learner, by home or office
practice, to become a good writer, ever pub-
lished. Mailed for \$1.00.

" The Spencergraphic Straight and Ob-
lique Penholder Combined" mailed for 12
cents; two for 20 cents.

" Ames's Hand-Book of Anistic Penman-
ship," ^2 large pages, contains all tbe

C. L. Martin is now teaching plain
lamenlal penman^bip at the Normal a
less College at Macumb, III.

E. L. Bui

mg-c

:ely

has 1.
N. Y.
D. H. Farh
ik-keepiug

Ela

E. K. Brvau's BiiBiues

College at Canton,

Ohio, was lately desiro

ed by fire. Beside

the loss of scbool-furnit

i-e. etc., Mr. Bryan

lost a valuable library

and tbe electrotype

I of J

of u work which be bad in
course of preparation on book-keeping. We
may not fully balauce tbe account, but Mr. B.
is at full liberty to place our sympathy upon
the credit side of liii« gniu ami loi

is teacher of penmanship »ii
the State Normal and Mod.
School, Tn

id a popular teacher.

Prof. Soutbworth coudut
penmanship at the Northi
School, Valparaiso, lud.,
scribe for tbe JouiiN,\

I a special class in
a Indiana Normal
which there are
all t,( whom sub-

W. G. SluBBor, Inglewood. Va., will pi
accept our thanks for a number of notei
Coufederite money lately received. Any par-

Educators' and IVnmeu's Convention T
Am. — Tbe mHller has been iufurmally
cousldered, and the time will probably
be the week following the Fourth of
July.

J. D. 11., Worcester, Mass. — 1 noticed,
some time since, a question in the Pen-
man's Ga:ctU, by a Bubscriber, respect-
iug tbe period of the Stag and Eagle in
tbe PiiSMAX's AiiT Jouhnal. 1 be-
lieve tbat there has never been any
question respecting their paternity ; but
there seems to be a grave question as
to tbe ciealor ol a certain Lion, which
appears as tbe ninth lesson for practical
writing in GaBkell's Compeudium; also,
iu Sbalor'tt Compendium, and in a later
work, iu which it appears to be about
the same, the imprint of one Jones is
branded -oa tbe beast. Can the Jouit-
NAL throw any light on the chirographic
pedigree of tbe animal f and, by the
way, is it appropriate to give, as a copy,
a picture of a lion, for tbe uiuth lesson
in practical writing T Ana. — We liave
our views as to the authorship of that
Lion, but prefer not to give them until
tbe returns are all in. As tu tbe last
questiou, we will sny, if, in learning to
write, you find a lion In your way, you
can pass by ou tbe other side, and sutler

W. E. B., Stanberry, Mo. — As through

■J':f^

busi

life \

< the <

meroial pen, why not teach with them
instead of the liner surtsf Ans. — i-irsi,
it is not a fact that we all use a "com-
mon conuaercial pen "through life; all
really uriistic and professional unity re-
quires a liner grade of pens. Who can
know, when learning, tbe precise use to
wbich be will put his writing in after
lifeV Second.- 'A line and more perfect-
ly pointed pen produces perfectly any
desired quality of line and ebade as well
B8 form of letter, an<l the pupil and in-
structor are belter enabled to judge of the
writing while practicing from the copy.
Third.— M] the copies in the books and '"

ontbettlipBusedin most of tbe public schools are
from delicately engraved copper-plates, to imi-
tate which requires a line and perfectly-pointed
pen. With a coarse. stiH", and often very im-
perfectly-pointed pen the exercises of evf n the
skilled pupil can bear little resemblance iu his
copy, aud he cannot therefore judge as well of
Fourlh.~A person

Thx oJoie UiUr is phxtto-engraved from an original letUr, writUn. by G. W. Michael, teacher of penmanship

at Oberlin, Ohi), on March 6th. Mr. Micltael added nine names to the Club mentioned

therein — making S69.

C. W. Kice, of the Denver (Col.)
I College, a letter.

Wheeling, W. Va., a letter.

T. E. Vouniaus, card-writer. Savan-
nah, Ga., a letter and cards.

H. C. Spencer, of M'asbington, D. C,
a letter in moat elegant etyle.

College, Brooklyn, N. Y., a letter.

W. P. Cooper, Kingsville, Ohio, a
letter, specimen of copies and capitals.

D. H. Farley, Trenton, N. J., a
photograph 6f skillfully engrossed
memorial.

J. E.Ockerman, penman and teacher.
Tell City, lud., a letter and Nourished
bird.

U. McKee, penmen at ihe Oberlin
(Ohio) College, a letiei- most excel-
lently written.

D. W. Sinhl, teacher of \vriiing at
the Normal School, Peirce, Ohio, a
letter and card specimens.

J. M. Goldsmith, penman at Moore's
an elegantly-written letter.

Charles Hills, penman at the Crit-
tenden Commercial College, Phila.,
Pa., a letter and set of capitals.

G. W. Ware, Bonham, Texas, a
well-written letter, flourished bird,
and whole-arm capitals, wbich are
superior.

George Spencer, teacher of penman-
ship and accouniB, B. & S. Business
College, Detroit, Mich, a letter in ele-
gant etyle,

C. L. Stubbs, penman at Nelson's
letter, and a list of twenty-aix sub-
scribers to tbe JOUHSAL.

having learned
delicately-pointi
i& aftertvard usitig a

e well, with a lin.
xperieuces uoditKcully

Wo widh to remind all persons wishing
nal, that it is entirely useless to send copy
unaccompanied with cash, at the rate of
thirty cents per line (nine words estimated
as a line) for space less than an inch. See
rates at the top of the tirst column of the
centre page of the Journal. No adver-
lisemeut mserted fur less than \$1.00.

Sample cepies of the Journal, 10 centa.

principles, with numerous designs for flour-
ishing, with twenty-six standard and artistic
alphabets, and a page of monograms; also,
hints for designing aud exocutiog fine artis-
tic pen-work. Sent by mail, iu paper covers
for 75 cents; in cloth, for Si. 00. In paper
covers it is given free, as a premium, to
every aubacriber to the Journal for Sl.OO,
In cloth, with the Journal, for \$1.23. All
the above articles are promptly mailed from
the office of the Journal on receipt of the
price.

t the first thing
nbera is of loving all the
Some of the girls are

Packard says "that
in his life he remembe
nice little girls."
wondering if he has j
should think not— from the large number of

Remember that for \$I.OU you can get the
Journal one year, and a valuable book on
artistic penmanship, free.

ties wishing

to sect

re sin

iiihtr specime

nsata

nominal cost

can do

so by

m.

The Oberlir

(Ohio

Time

1 says : " Forty-two

new cane-sea

?d chairs ba\

e lately been

with other ne

V turn

ture I

the college-

vriting

rooms." It

pays a

higl

and well-de

served

compliment I

Mr.

VIcKe

B as a popul

nr and

successful teacher ol

writii

g ; his clafse

s uum-

ber upward of oue b

undre

and filty.

Fielding Schofield, who has long held high
rank among tbe skillful and successful teach
ers of the East, is now engaged in the Normal
Peunmusbip Department of Mussetman'e
City Business College, Quincy, III. W

Houri^hi]

t this

Eugene E. Scherrer, Galveston,
Texas, pholu-engraved copies ot two
elaborate and well-executed specimeua
of penmanehip.

Chas. A. Erney, Patent Office, Washington,
D. C, a pbolo-lithograpbio copy of an en-
graved memorial, which is very creditable.

W. II. H.Ave, Waukegan, 111., a photo-en-
graved copy memorial chart, wbich is ingeni-
ous in its design and creditable iu its execution.
R. S. Bonsall, penman at Carpenter's B.
&, S. Business College, St. Louis, Mo., a letter
and a gracefully executed specimen of tlour-

C. Carver, penman al the La Cros
'( Wis.) Business College, u letter and club-1
for the JuuuNal, numbering twenty - livi

numbering

Ibrt

:)

hundred studei

Frank B. Lotbrop, of South Boston, Mass.,
will please accept our thanks for a copy of
"Foster's System of Penmantbip; Or, Art of
of Kapid Writing," published in ISJi. It was
evidently a work of rare merit in ite day. Tbe
copper-plates. We shall say more of the work
in tbe future.

J. A. Kendall, penman at the Mound City
!7ommerciul College, St. Louii», Mo., a letter
uid a list of Ibirty-tivti subscribers to the

A. M. Palm
Iowa) UuHu

, penman at tbe Cedar Kapids
I College, a letter, set of capi-
ty of really superior plain aud

J. E. HoaU, of Boali^a B. & 8. PhiUdclpb
»od ft BupCTb pboln of himii'If for our ncrsp-
tMMik— thftnkB.

H. B. HcCrwrj. ol Ihe (!tic«, (N. V.) Ruai-
OMW ColI«v«, a iellwr: alM a apecimra wrirtao
i>j MaaUT C, 1^. OnmaDn. a pupil in tbat In-

utile

C. \. Crandlv. penman at tbw Weatern Nor-
mal Coll.K^ and Commercial Inatilule. Ruah-
nell. III., a letter and » club of tbirt^-bre
aubacribeni Ui the JoL'KNAL.

J. M. Holm»B. Wilkiua Runn. Ohio. B|»-oi-
ujena b«for« and aioce practicing from the lea-
■onu giren in the JOURNAL, which apecimena
■ how r*f/ marked improvement.

Thoa. K. Phillip.. Pouj<hkeHp.ie.
letter. Mr. Phillipi' anja: "I hare
.lOrHNAI. a little lea. than a year, an
inreated a dollar where I got a greate

. E. New

• College. San Frauciaci

Mmena of practical

the i'.

onler of 1

cord.: all are of a high

Millei

lokahurg, Pa., an elaborate
and akillfully-ejteculed specimen of Houriab-
ing. and a aet of aplendidij-execnted eapilal
leltera. Attention ia'invited to Mr. Miller'e

When to Subscribe.

For several reasons ilia desirable, tha', so
far as is practicable, snbscriidious should
begin with the year, yet it is entirely op-
tioDftl with the subscriber as to when his
BubacriptioD shall cnininence. Those who
uiay be specially interested in the very prac-
tictll and valuable caurap of lessons com-
meDo*d by Prof. H. C. Spencer may have
their subscriptions begiii with the May
number, in which is the first lesson of the

Spencer Memorial Library.

The association of citizens of Geneva,
Ohio, have secured a charter, and are now
raising funds to build a Hall and found a
free library, to be called the P. R. Spencer
Memorial Hall and Library. It will be a
shrine of chirographic art as well ae litera-
ture and science. Certainly, a most fitting
memorial to the founder of the Spencerian.
Under the name of Spencer, over the p,>r-
tal» of the hall, should be inscribed, in
the words of the late President Garfield ;

" He wrought out that system of pen-
uuiusbip which has becoms the pride of our
country and the model of our schools."

Inasmuch as the JouENAt, will, this
month, be mailed to many thousand persons
who have no knowledge of the character or
Btyle of the premiums, one of which is
given free to every subscriber, we have
added four eitra pages for the purpose of
inserting outs— reduced sile— of a portion of

Notice.

Our stock of the Cenlenuial Picture of
Progress, 22 x2«. being exhausted, and the
I dates, from which it was printed, destroyed,
it can no longer be sent free w> a premium.
We, however, have a stock of size 28 i 4 ■
finely printed on heavy plate-pa|ier, which
will be mailed with a key as a premium
for 25 cents ettra. Many thousands of this
picture have been sold by agents at *2 per
oopy. There i> no more interesting and
valuable picture for schoolroom or office
than this picture.

How to Remit Money.

The best and safest way is by P.>st-olEce
Order, or a bank draft, on Kew York ■ next
by regUtered letter. For fractional p'aru of
a dolhlr, send postage-stamps. Do not send
peraonal checks, especially for small sum,,

CORRESPONDENCE.

New Yokx, ifarch 3rd, ]883.
Editors Pbhhah's Aet Jocrnai.:

SiBs : In the last issue of your paper I
nolic« H clipping, said to have come from
the Atlantic Monthly. The writer pro-
nounces the Compendium system " rank
humbuggery," and claims that the auto-
graphs in many cases are not written by the
parties who claim to have written them, and
"in other cases are ' doctored ' before they
are engraved, until the writer himself would
scansely know them."

This fellow, whoever he is, is talking
wild. He knows nothing whatvever
about the matter. These autographs have
always corresponded with the handwriting
of the letters inclosing them, and I do not
believe that any of them are fraudulent.
As for the doctoring process, any real pen-
man knows very well that it would be much
easier to write the entire signature over — 1<)
make a good counterfeit— than to " doctor "
it, and thus make it better. Whatever they
may lay at our door this doctoring business
is a little too big a load. It would be more
sensible to charge us with writing the whole
thifg, and to declare that even the portraits
are fictitious.

As for the style of writing, the same ob-
jections weigh against it as are brought to
bear against all other Spencerian or system-
atic penmanship. The writer says the hand
. lacks "character." This is a questi.jn for
writing-teachera. It don't prove that the
Compendium is a fraud or its publisher a
swindler. Very truly,

G. A. GA.SKEI.L.

Nrw York, imrci 1st, tux:).
My dear Ame.s:

Enclosed find check for \$5li to cover Sii
subscriptions to the Journal, made by our
young men. This is only the first install-
ment. We are pledged to 100 at the least.
V.iure truly, . S. S. Packard.

Ames's Hand-Book of Artistic

Penmanship.

Packard'.^ BustNESs College.

New York, itarch uth, 1883.

EditoTi of the Journal :

I have never seen anything more gener-
ous than your offer of the Hand-book. It
is a golden inducement, and should speedUy
boom your subscription-list. This is a
book which nobody can afford to be with-
out on such terms. Our students promise
a BtUl larger list of subscribers to the Jour-
nal than they have yet sent. Yours

Wm. Allen Miller.
What a few aioong many others say :

work for beginners, and it will prove of
great value to those who desire to learn
flourishing and to make fancy alphabets.
Of the alphabets there is a great variety,
an.l all are elegant. -i\r. T. School Journal

Questions for the Readers of the

"Journal."

Bt C. H. Peiece

1. What are tracing

2. What are extended movements T

3. What is the philosophy of
capital letters T

-disconnected,

5. What 8
c4jntinuous t

6. Whati
ing movements f

7. What
tended

8. What
phy of

U. What

the objects gained in trac-

•bjects gained in ex-

the objects gained in philoso-

Ihe objects gained in com-

penmen lack

10. In what do
the most ?

11. Is good, excellent or superior form
dependent upon speed t

12. Is the movement tbat enters into
good, excellent or superior results pure in

13.

Are combination
Are combination

15. Ar.

practical f
a necessity ?
more difficult than

applied I

ti taste a consid-
lapitals of a high

into the

W. P. Cooper, Kingsville, Ohio " It is

a perfect gem."

J. D. Holcomh, Cleveland, Ohio " It

U a valuable little work, worth at least
twice the published price, and those who
have rea8.>n t.i congratulate themselves
upon the investment they have ma.le."

John F. Shepherd, Harrison Switch, P.O.,
I Tenn.— " I am surprised at the exceUence
I of both the Hand-book and the Journal."

W. C. Bonham, Sidney, Ohio— "Hand-
bmik just received. Would not part with
it lor anything. It is perfectly splendid."

ogle capitals t

16. What is movement a
manshipt

17. Is the proper selection of capitals
necessary to success t

18. Is the development
eration in the execution of

19. What movement
second part of a small k f

20. Why are extended movements which
ccmtain capital letters easier to execute than
single capitals ?

21. How is any one to determine the
variations of movement in different capi-
tnls and small letters f

22. What is a figure t

23. What

24. What

25. What

26. What

27. What

28. What kind

2!). What kind of stroke in
p and final t '

30. What are the exceptions
tere.aa to bight t

31. How many letters begin with aright-
ourve »

:)2. How many letters end with a rieht-
rarvef

33. How many letters begin with a left-
jurvet

:)4. How many letters end with a left-

1 letter f
i short letter f
I semi-extended letter f
in extended letter?
9 the longest loop-letter f

stroke in main part of

lain part of
u short let-

Writing in Country Schools.
By C. G. POETEE.
Id the January Jouenal, " G. N. S.," in
discussing our article under the above title,
says that he " is dissatisfied with the present
condition of onr country schooh* as regards
writing," but tbat he "agrees with the
scholar who thinks that if he can write
legibly, that is good enough." Which
statement implies that, in his section of the
country at least, the average pupil of the
common school, upon the completion of bis
schooldays, cannot write legibly. He also
says-" I think the student may consider
himself very fortunate if be can learn to
write a rapid legible hand."

In our former article we said that we did
not agree with the student who thought if
he could ivrite so it could be read it was
good enough. There is a great difference
I between a schoolboy's writing- -which is
barely legible enough to read— and a rapid
legible hand. Does the pupil who is satis-
fied with a barely legible handwriting ever
attain a rapid legible hand ? As far aa my
observation goes, he does not. On the
contrary, his writing is very slow, cramped,
and laboriously performed. He always
dreads to write, because it ie such hard
work ; and as the majority of people whose
education is limited to the curriculum of the
common country school seldom do very
much writing, they naturally write a better
hand on leaving school than they do after
being " out of practice " for a long time. As
a person never exceeds his ideal, and seldom
equals it, I claim that it is necessary for
the pupil to strive for something more than
mere legibility if he would ever attain any
proficiency worthy the name in plncing his
thoughts upon paper. Again, a pupil will
always write better when using his copy-
book, under the direction of the teacher,
he will when writing his own thoughts

? present to criticise

■■«. How many principles in continuous
combinations?

31!. What are theyt

37. How are the lengths of loop-letters

38. What produces unilormlty of stroke
in any class of work f

39. Who will answer these questi ons T

Mr. Packard has inaugurated a practice,
which, sooner or later, our progressive and
must adopt—that of weekly social leception.
For the past three years Mr. Packard has
kept "open house" for bis students and
their friends, at his residence. Ii4 E. 73<1
Street, on Wednesday evenings, from Jan-
uary to May. These weekly receptions

have been very pleasant, and
popular.

A New AUas.

another column, of i
John W. Lyon & Co

r bu.i

s-offic,

should

No library, acbooln

vilbo

copy

The Penman's GazelU for AprU is just
out, and is an unusuaUy interesting number
Send for a copy to G. A. GaskeU, P
Box 1S34, New York.

I this great and valuable work. We apeak

observation (having bad copies both in our
business-offlce and private atudv for some litne
past ). when we say that it i. Ihi most complete
and valuable AUa. publiahed. See advertise-
ment in another oolnmn.

upon paper, with

his faults

them. It is only too true, as " G. W. s7'
says, that the desks in many of our school-
houses are narrow and of improper bights.
There are also, in country schools, many
other drawbacks to the proper teaching of
writing ; some of which " G. N. S." men-
tions, as, lack of time, frequent change of
teachers, etc.; but the same arguments may
be used, with equal force, against any other
study in the school.

" G. N. S." asks, if it is " possible to
train the muscles of the wood-chopper or
fence- builder to d<. anything more than plain
writing, if that." What mare do we icon!
to teach in a country school ! Yet there is
no reason why these should not learn to
write a good hand. It is not necessary to
be a soft-fingered student or clerk to be able
to do good, neat and rapid ivork with the
pen. I have seen "horny-banded sons of
toil" who could not only do good, plain
writing, but could also execute quite credit-
able ornamental work. But as the average
intry youth spends from two to four
)nths in school each year, for from eight
to ten years, there is no good reason why
he should not, under proper instruction,
learn to write a neat, rapid, legible and
fairly symmetrical hand, which is good
enough for all ordinary purposes.

I do not agree with " G. N. S." in the
statement that " the average teacher can
and does write a better hand Ihan the aver-
age business man." The teacher, in ivriting
copies, of course imitates the standard
forms of the letters more closely than the
average business man Hoes in hia corres-
pondence. But an ordinary letter, written
by the average business man, compared
with one written by the average tewiher,
will show that the former, while exhibiting
more of what is termed individuality in writ-
ing, shows K neater page, is more easily,
rapidly and smoothly written, and is fully as
legible. That " writing is an art " is true,
but tbat it is more difficult to learn than the
other branches, with the same amount of
time, study and labor bestowed upon it as
given to the others, we do not believe.
There is one tiling which, by the majority

■s±i^ .pliT aLvfa t^

-*- '*^

of leacher», seems to be almost eolirely over-
looked, aod which should always be taught
in coDnectioD with writiog, aod that is, the
proper form of writiog Icttore, and the more
commoD fiiriiis of buHiDeiw paper. We hope
that Prof. Ames's series of articles on L»t-
ter-Wriling will prove a valuable lesson to
oar teachers, and that we may see the ef-
f«vts of it in their teachiog.

Mental Condition ; Or, The

Spirit of the Room.

By C. W. CoopEH.

If we carefully look over the pages of

history we shall liud tliat mental conditions

have often uot only modified and directed

the course of events, but decided even the

destiny of uatious. If such is the fact, cau

it be a matter of surprise if, in the labor of ; possess

acquiring aa liuiiible an art a
tal conditions may have mor<
feat or success than we may
or imagine f

The old master is no stranger
or influence ot tnenlal conditioi
class, nor does ho fail to give
both weight and importance to
the spirit of the room. The
fonnd, when he least expected,
the spirit and temper of the
room favorable to intelligeut
labor and suct^as ; at other
times, when every other oir-
oomstance eeeina favorable, be
has been defeated by an antag-
onism that he could Dot under-
stand, and a spirit which he
oould neither aocoont for nor
control by any means within
the grasp nf his invention or
reach. Ho has found this con-
dition oftener in some locali-
ties than others, aud when
charge of the school the bal-
ance of the time.

We all know, or public
speakers at least know very
well, the tricky and vacillating
temper of public assemblies:
now, in humor, and now out ;
in fact, a condition not un-
common in theatres them-
selves. The writer has wit-
nessed things more discredit-
up of men of ability, in which
a spirit qf inconsistent disor-
ganization was rampant, with-
out reason, aud as thoroughly
devilish a» disobedient.

often m public assemblies as anywhere else,
and writing- classes are no exceptions. The
teacher or speaker, highly impressible him-
self, catehes very often, at a glance, the
true sense of the situation. Expecting a
most happy reception, his soul goes back
upon himself, and, as quick as thought, he
mentally asks, what is first to be done ; and
now all iuvention, all previous experiences,
and alt previous artifices, are overhauled for
the right expedient — meritorious, indeed, is
hie effort if he make the right hit.

Sometimes the teacher, perhaps unex-
pectedly, finds all in his favor. With or
without reason, he is the idol of his class.
On such occasions, in all things he is an
oracle, and his will is law. This condition
he secretly hails with delight, aud, if ex-
perienced, is uot slow to turn its advantages
to account. If the master loose not his self-
quick to discover ex-

< do with de-
first suspect

the effect
upon his

pedients, he will, by some felicitous hit, not

unfrequently re-establish a working tempei

in his class. Or it may happen that a

judicous introduction or happy bit, by some

friendly teacher, in a restorative speech, may I business of a good master, and generally e

put all things to rights, open the gates to I much as he would wish t

thing but stable, and the temper, Bteady,
and even in its legitimate work and place.
Every face is a study, aud every student a
book — to be early read by a good master,
and although in mHtters generally he is to
treat all. alike, there is an under e,pecifll
treatment for a majority, and this side work
must be uot publicly but quietly, rapidly
and secretly done. There is in the individ-
ualism of each, a structure — spiritual aud
mental as welt as physical — to be studied
up ; and if we consider that the work of the
class takes the whole man, instead of a part, '
of course the whole are to be manipulated
more or less. Indeed, there can be no
greater error than to teach a class as a unit.
One pupil has a strong wilt ; another has
none. One has faith ; the next, none.
One has hope; his neiglibor, uot any. One
has nerve; the next has uone. Oue, the
uiocliauical eye;. the next does uot know C
from A, etc. To take into your hands one
liuudred of these fellows for an hour, and to
steadily by aids put and in character to lift
but all, steadily up. This is the

on, ultimately, to suc<?«ss. To thus success-
fully handle one hundred pupils, this man
must be iio laggard. He must quietly place
an obstinate pupil in position ; he mast,
with a simple whisper and touch, arouse
some sleepy clown to action and willing
work ; aud so on, reaching iiuiokly, even in-
stantly, the nei-essities of every sort of con-
dition and case. In short, he must be a
silent but determined worker — everywhere,
at once ; all eyes, all ears, all touch. Butif he
carry not tliis spirit with him to the end — I
am right, aud I will have my own way, and
I shall succeed — he will end, whatever the

Consideriug the immeuse labor piled on
the shoulders of good teachers of penman
ship, and the variety of qualification essential
to bear along these huge clitsses,! have been
surprised that Boards of Kducatiou should
often stick on half-pay, and that teachers iu
attendance should strive to thrust an extra

the

gO'

the

shoulder;

of Iht

lIlH

r-^/U^^/iiaJuAxa/ k9:

'XCUiA^^

HaHD^CDT- OF- mh0lC[,

TUESDAY EVENING. MARCH 6.1883.

yt?C4^^..^^^^€:^t^£'C^'U^^i.^Xl

He has seen things worse

aan this : Boards of Arbitra- ~ ~ ' """

>r9, and Associates on the Bench, wilfully I uncommon progress and success. The

'arped and fully comuiitted to false judg- | teacher will, furthermore, find the spirit

r plwto-fnffraved from pcn-unrf-tnjt copy, prepared at the offlee of the "Journal," and \
aa a tpecimen of pen-work practically applied to bu»ines\$ purpose.

could ha
:pectation—

ment unpaid, where
no hope, and fair dealing n(
all through the spirit, by sot
inant; hateful euoueh, but
for the time to force all parti
cution of its nefarious will.

Probably, among orators, no man in
America so quickly reads and divines the
spiritual status or temper of an audience as
Mr. Beecher, or ia so ingenious in shifting
an untoward drift, or putting a favorable
condition to good account.

Mr. Moody, above all men, understands
spiritual conditions in great bodies of
people — their use and their abuse, and
how especially, with the aid of music,
to OToroise an anarchical devil, or attune
many discordant tempen
consistency, aud obedi
note. But not even the most gifted can
always subdue the spirit belligerent, or ex-
oniiso tlie devil fairly enthroned. Great
orators have, upon the stump and else-
where, suffered unaccountable defeats, from

of his class changing from lesson

son, and from day to day, and often in the

means, dom- I same lesson. He will often see it unei-
ithroned, and | pectedly seriously modified in the same les-

to the exe- j son. Sometimes it means, obedience ; and

trifling; at others, csreful work — aud, very

likely, unexpected and remarkable progress.

On one day all conditions will be favorable;

every moment requires artifice to

New perplexities

keep the

will now multiply,
occasion will suggest,
now and then, on such
ordered pern
finished the

the best thing the
The writer has,

rcAsions, suddenly
and paper laid aside, and
itting with a pointed aud

There are times when all difficulties art
thrust upon teacher and class by 8om(
stealthy and bidden head. Quietly and
handsomely to dispose of this class-rooic
good and handsome thing,
properly con-

Mtill, othei
and great teachers, of their I wdered. Each pupil has a tempe/and spirit
' - -' ' '■ ' of bis own, as well

discouragements and perpl

best efforts had to record only disasters
failures. Mental or spiritural conditions
eternally at work upon the boman mind as , with,

sider the above perplexities and difficulties
with which teachers of writing have to con-
tend, we shall not be slow to understand
that a professional teacher is better than a
Tyro in this business ; we shall further be
able to understand that a little experience
may prove of great value to him who has
charge of this department. Boards of Ed-
ucation who have of these matters the
superintendence, and teachers in no way re-
markable for endowments and heavily bur-
dened with other labors and cares, may not
be exactly the persons to make writers any-
where, or manage writiug-classes. In public
schools, where the day is oppressed by both
tea* her and pupils with many labors, a
teacher of penmanship walks in ; the desks
are cleared, and the host is at once handed
over to his charge and his manipulation. I
He is at once (for lime is precious) to get I
and to hold attention, arouse the old en- i

times seen this thing doi
provement was doubly
the treasury loaded with the weight of sur-
plus funds. Masters such as
I have seen are too often far
too much men of ambition
and public spirit to temper
labor to pay, aud so give a
consideration for which not
even a thank is returned. The
pupils, scores in number, come
into the hands of a master—
a stranger— with all <if their
faults, incapacities and weak-
nesses. The art to he learned
is the most sensitive of all
arts ; tools and materials are
out of place, and unfit ; there
are all degrees of qualifica-
tion; the spirit of the room
is indifferent ; the time is cir-
desked and encumbered with
books. The scribe, orator,
teacher, artist, disciplinarian,
must work almost with the
rapidity of liehtniog and the
sleight-of-hand of a wizard, or
he cannot possibly compass
his work. If he <lo€S reach
desired results, and make
troops of writers where others
have left scarcely the impress
of one good mark, he closes
not seldom with a silent hall
and a thankless Board.

Still, if it happens, as it
sometimes does, that in a hall,
filled by that previous prep-
aration which onlygood teaoh-

I ing furnishes, ushers him to

the presence of a right spirit :
where all good aud skillful labor, on his
part, calls forth a ready response, and all
labor is crowned with hearty appreciation
and abundant fruit; where faith, courage,
hope and goodwill lighten and brighten
these better days, all old sacrifices are made
up, and with himself and the people the

more, on terms of jolly good-fellowship.

the time to subscribe for
nd begin with the year and

I for the

pen:

tspl.
response to work. His authority is limited ;
and for the rales of his class teachers or
pupils care but "ery little. How shall hi-
succeed f He must bring a spirit strong
budget of 1 enough and determined euough lo take the
tend j class— teachers and all — and carry thei

With a majority, tbe spirit is any- I stoutly through the labors of his hour, and

Send \$1 Bills.

pur patrons to bear in mind that
for subscriptions we do not de-
postage -stamps, and that they should be
it that every sent only for fractional parts of n dollar. A
nd call for a doUar bill is much more convenient and safe
to remit than the same amount in 1, 2 or 3
cent stamps. The actual risk of remitting
money is slight— if properly directed, not
one miscarriage will occur in one thousand.
Inclose the bills, and where letters contain-
ing money are sealed in preaeno* of the
postmaster we will auom* «U tb« risk.

J#jte^^^^^Jg

Penmanship in Public Schools.

The qnestioD, "How eliall I teach peo-
maDshipt" is do doubt aiiked bjr everj
teacher. It is certainly, nue of great im-
portaoce. Teachers are likn the remainder
of hamftuity, cither radicjil or indifferent in
referoDce to certain dulits ihey have to per-
form. We find one making a hobby of his
peomaDship to the cxcliiBioo of other im-
portant subjects; another, totally indifferent,
tbiQks if be can nrite so it can be read
he is doing all that is required, no matter
how slow and labored, or if rapid, how de-
void of form and symmetrical combination.
The latter do doubl has obtained and holds
the idea that penman, like poets, are " horn.
Dot inaie." No idea could be more crrnn-
eoiiB. Wo hear people speak of " Natural
penman." How consoling to him who has
eful study and prac-
11 are endowed with
the same genius for acriuiring penmanship
we would not claim for a iiiomeut, any more
than we would claim that all have the same
aptitude for acquiring the other arls.

We look upon it, however, as a. mark of
imbecility for a person to RBsert that he can-
not learn to write the twenty-six script
capitals and the twenty six small letters,
with their proper arrangement in word and
page, in a good businesslike style, neatly
and rapidly. Henry A. Spencer, one of the
authors of the justly famous Speneerian
System of Penmanship, said, recently, "Any
person who has good common sense, one
or two eyea, and five fiugers on cither hand
can, under proper instruction, Icaru to write
well." Much has been done by business
colleges and epet-ial teachers to improve the
penmanship of the people, aud their efforts
have been in some degree, successful, yet a
large per cent, of our populatiuu are not
reached, and as they never get higher than
the common school their business qualifica-
tions are therefore very meagre. They are
taught to Write, or rather draw, a slow and
cramped hand, sacrificing movement to
form. It BGoms that wo should aim to teach
writing as business men are expected to uee
it. Form and movement should he taught
at the same time. Our long experience has
convinced us that this can be done, and there
is na reas.m why tlie young man in school
should not write just as rapidily and busi-
Dosa-like as the one in business. We have
heard teachers say, " When our young men
go into business or hold positions in busi-
ness houses they break up the hand we
taught them and acquire a stylo of their
own." This, in ouropiuion, is a confession
of the inefficient work of the teacher. The
young iimn tiuds that ho must increase his
speed if he would meet tho demands of the
writers put themselves into their writing, or
in other words, exhibit their iu.lividuaUty.
It is not ho who uudertakes to put himself
or his style into the work of his pupils,
who does iho best work, but ho who, full of
enthusiasm and love for tho work, dcvolopes
form and rapidity of execution, allowing
the pupils to express ikeir individuality in
their work, is tho successful teacher. It is
difficult for teachers who
to inspire their pujiils with much I
the work, and I may say that a largo num-
ber of our public school teachers are quite
indifferent writers.

It is not to be expected that all can be-
come adepts, but certainly, most of them
can, with Ijitle trouble, improve so as to do
efficient work in teaching. In most schools
we find tho writing-book with printed or
engraved copies ; this is objected to by many,
but we believe it is almost a necessity at the j
present time. No teacher should use it ex-
clusively, but should supplement the black-
board and foolscap with movement and dic-
tation exercises. Every teacher should bo
able to writt well on the blackboard, for
that is one of the essentials of good teach-
ing. Tho most successful teachers of pen-
uship are those who use the board most

' penmen

freely. It

uld

of

teachers to know what improvement they
could make by writiag one line a day on the

blackboard, as a copy, for one term, trying
to fidlow what is suggested by the six S'a —
size, slant, shape, space, shade and speed.
Copies of one word at a time arc not enough.
Many persons can wiite words as they stand
alone very well, but fail in the arrangement
of words in the page. Whole lines, stanzas
of poetry, business forms and letters should
be given frequently with definite instruc-
tions, as to spacing and arrangement. No
careless practice should be allowed, for uo
amount of it will make good writers. Ca
ful study, combined with practice, will pi
duce the desired effect. ^' Labor omt
vincit." — Minn. Journal of Education.

Selected Wit and Wisdom.

Make yourself necessary, and success is
certain.
A bad sign — to sign another man's Dame

Nothing is denied well-directed labor,
and nothing is to be attained without it.

that they were killed by being studied too

" Well, wife, you can't say I ever con-
tracted bad habits." "No, sir; you gen-
erally expand them."

A minister once took for hie morning
text, " Ye are of your father, the devil," —
and in the afternoon, " Children, obey your
parents."

A witnops in court was asked if a party
to the suit was a truthful man. " No," he
answered, " he'd rather lie at sixty days
than tell the truth for cash."

Young lady (caressing a spaniel) : " I do
love a nice dog." Dandy (near by) : "Ah I
would I were a dog ! " Young lady (sharp-
ly) : "Never mind, you'll grow."

Always add a line or two on the margin
of a letter to a lady. You can't imagine
the satisfaction she will obtain in turning it
upside down to read tho postscript.

Life is like a harness. There are traces
of care, lines of trouble, bits of good for-
tune, breaches of good manners, bridled
tongues, and everybody has a tug to pull
through.

Parson, to hoys playing on Sunday:
" Boys, do you know what day this ist"
"Heigho, Billy, here's a lark. Here's a
cove as has been out all night, and don't
know what day it is I"

" Goods at half price," said the sign.
"How muali is that teapot!" asked ao old
lady. " Fifty cents, mum," was the re-
sponse. " Guess I'll take it," she said,
throwing duwu a quarter. The sign was
taken in.

A lawyer once asked the late Judge Pick-
ens, of Alabama, to charge the jury that
"it is better that ninety and nine guilty men
should escape than that one innocent man
should be punished." "Yes,'' said the witty
judge, " I will give that charge ; but in the
opinion of the court the ninety and nine
guilty men have already escaped in this

Tom Marshall was using quite abusive
language in a Kentucky court at one time,
aud the judge, after one or two reprimands,
fined him ton dollars for contempt. Mr.
Marshall looked with a smile at the judge
aud asked where he was to get the money,
as he had not a red cent. " Borrow it of a
friend," said the court. " Well, sir," an-
swered Mr. Marshall, " you are the best
friend I have ; will you lend me tho money t"
" Mr. Clerk," said the judge, " you may
remit the fine. The State is better able to
lose than I am."

For \$2 the Journal will be mailed one
year; also, a copy each of the "Standard
Practical Penmanship" and the "Hand-
book of Artistic Penmanship" (in paper
covers; :i5 cents extra in cloth). Price
each, separate, \$1.

One of Brother Gardner's
Lectures.

"Am Brudder Stepoff Johnson in de ball
dis eavnin' ? " asked the President as he
arose and looked up and down the aisles.

" Den he will please step to de front."
Brother Johnson appeared to labor under
the impression that a medal was about to be
presented him for having the longest heels
of any man in America, and his face wore a
broad grin as he stook at the desk.

"Stepoff Johnson !" said Brother Gard-
ner in his most solemn tones, "I was in de
back room of a grocery on Beaubien
Street de odder night to bargain fur ten
bushels of 'latere, an' I heard your voice as
you cum in to order fo' pounds of buck-
wheat flour, and to remark dat your ole

s ravin' cr

azy wid do

toofacbe

' Yes, sah, ilat w»

s me."

• De ole

man Cli

nax soon

drapped

it wasc

't five in

nutes befo

you hac

dispute

'bout de

aige of de

airth."

' He doa

n' Itnow uiiffin, sah.

' You called liim a fool."

' At.' he

called me

a liar."

" You said he was a bigot."
"And he said I was a humbug."
I heard it all, Brudder Johnson, and now
I want to talk to you a little. In the first
place, what do you know 'bout de aige of
de world ? "

'* I — 1 — well, sah, what does de ole man
Climax know 'bout it?"

"Dat's it— what do either one of you
know 'bout it? Nuffiu'— nufEn"t all. Dat's
whar de trubhle cums in. Two men will
dispute harder ober wha' they doan't know
dau ober sidemn facks. De worf^t enemy 1
ka<e I wouldn't bel eve in ghosts.. What
we doan't know we often try to make up for
in argyment. AVhat we lack in argyment
we try to make up for in blah. It am easier
to call a man a fo .1 dan to produce facks
and figures to convince him dat bo am in de

" What you believe in wid all yer heart
may, arter all, be wrong.

" De man who drops argyment fur epi-
thet has no case.

" It am only de fairest -minded men who
ahmit deir ignorance of what dey doan*
know.

"Abuse may silent a man, but it won't

"a only de bigot who prides him-

ia cast-iron opinyums.

n only do fool who believes asaer-

! beka:
"Now, Bruddor Johns
to yer bench an' sot dow

, you drap back

I li'ar somebody boldly an-
nounce dat dis world am fifty millyon y'ars
old pick up your buckwheat flour an' walk
home wid do refleckshun dat it wouldn't
establish de facks in der case

'bite

' kick I

war' to gouge

deir wasn't a rod of sidewalk left

nerville.''— Zlc(*-oi7 Free Press.

claw till
in Gard-

The Hand - book ( in paper ) is now
offered free as a premium to every person
remitting SI for one year's subscription to
the Journal. Or, handsomely hound in

l^To those eubscribing at club rates,
the book will be seut ( in paper ) for 2.5
cents; (ia cloth ), 50 cents extra. Price of
hook, by mail (in paper covers ), 75 cents •
cloth, \$1. Liberal discount to teachers and

Not Responsible.

It should be distinctly understood that
the editors of the Journal are not to be
held as indorsing anything outside of its
editorial columns; all communications not
objectionable in their character, nor devoid
of interest or merit, are received and pub-
lished; if any person differs, the columns
are equaU> open to him to eay eo and teli
why.

It is related of a certain clergyman who
was noted for his long sermons with many

, divisions, that one day, when he was ad-
vancing among the teens, he reached, at
length, a kind of resting - place in his dis-

j course, when, pausing to take breath, and
asking the quostirm, "And what shall I say

I moret" a voice from the congregation

' earnestly responded, " Say amen ! "

SCHOOL TEACHERS' SUPPLIES.

K. HQLCOMBJc CO.. Bookwllen and PublUben.
■I'-'i. Cl»vblasd, Ohio.

On T«c«l))t (if eiKhl Scent itampt I nill lend to Ihc
■ubicribor a set iif a grac«riil ilyle of OlThnnd (band,
mode) Capitnli, eimplifled in lorn— the preollce of wbich
tana enabled me lo acquire greater profloleocy in move-
ment for fine writing and floUTl»liing; Including, uljo. n
■et of a neat «iyl« of ourreul ■mall letter*, and your
■igiiatnre nrriltea and prepared lor photo-en graving. And

choice package of a grea

. by,

and whlob 1 deaigtied and executed exprcMly for il, and
wortb alODo one dollar) is an elaborate piece, eutltled,
"Tlie Queen." This beautiful piece (invaluable alike

of an inllnito Dumber of lines (Bimple and oompouud) in
the execution of a single design, and so arranged as to

■ubjeot appear grotesque. My numerous patrons will

lolKty-tivos.!
mpl« of my *
II. February,

J. C. MILLER,

lokesburg, Perry Co., P&

THE

National Indexed Atlas.

From Government & Special Surveys.

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PRICE, \$18.
Sent from the olllce of the Joitknal on receipt of price.

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Peirce's Businass College,
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ile ftutiigraphs for, Surtlif not II is only such

ne figures of last mouth, ive nlll write autogruphs
r m(ti>th— that Is. Iiir a variety of samples, iS^oeots.
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Has Experience and CapttaL

'^•te-

(I f ' f^ /^/ ^ v/""^ — ' — — "~^ — — ^ — ', ~^^y^ ■ " '

f <-^

f^MtKBMMlM

' "''"'Zl! '*;.':'''-''7'<fJ";<", •"»;<'-»-''■ <>fJ"Mc P^^„,Uip-^ SS-pag, S»J,5i,,„, M ,hc pri„o>fc, and ma„j d,,i,j„. for jh^ruhm.J. ,dth n,a„y ,kin.j .t.„Jard
a«d ar„.,. alphal,,.. iM,d fr,, u,„it fur.l.r „MU,. in pap„ „„„. (f. .„^ ^™ („ ,fo,J). ^ „„^ y„„„ ^LiKin, // /Jr a „^.4<i»» '^
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Black Diamond Slating.

Th- linl l.i-/i',./ Sl.itiw, [irith<-il'yepli'm)for
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fltevBDi Irwiiiul* of TMihnnloKy ■ - - Hulioken, N. J
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No. 1 ... . sii.. a.:! tMi |i,j5

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No. 1^ .... \et2, iooi„ . n.2.1

TM* U vifivmialhj admitted (o ht tke heit
material far blackboard in ate.

ORDERS PROMPTLY FILLED,

Youn truly, R, BOLToJi,

1 received youf beautiful picture to^doy. My family

P«lage,

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Manufjctufera of

Strictly First-Class Veiucles Oni
columbus, ohio-

I Abo Qi Kwivu Ciiy. Iodi«uipol» and CtDoicitati.) ;
yOl- WILL HI

The Packard Commercial Arithmetic.

Bv S. S. PACKARD, op Packard's Business College.

AND BYRON HORTOX, A.M.

IN J'WO SKPARATK KDITIONS.

1. COMH-KTE. *W pp.. Urgf wtavo, 2. SCHOOL. a7;'> pp.. duofiwitno.

illuD of pmclicNl teuotien. lit. They «r» apecim«Da of fine modoni bw>

liDif. tM Tliey aiv. each in its »phere, complel* expwiiora of prncUc

lorily te«t«I by II

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itilboul doubt, Ou moti thorough, u well aa t/u nuMl rtliabU-, biutne**

Retail Pricen: Coiiipleie Edition, \$1.50; School Edition,*!.
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A.J. RUUr, Treotou. N. J.; LUlibridgt i- TalMiliiu. Davenport. Iniva: A •' »'"'■•>" Ri-iin, n y ; E. A.
Uall. L*wBD»parl. Ind; C. A. FUinittfi. Ow«n Soiinil, Onl : W. A. Fnd'lf >■■ V.,u m r c CtirtU*.

8j-rera*e. N. Y. ; J. Geo. Crott. BloomtDgiOD. 111.: Xtr. AddU Atbro. Bait <>r i i i i. Mniili. Kuv\e

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S»KVVV%y^v^^^^^\o'^^^^mvv\^^^

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p Series of

bCHOnii PEMS

lacliei- xlioiild stiul;
What win 'save tliousands of dollars.
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What will aToiil Iroiihlesome litigalioii.
What la more imptirlant than "ulogies.''
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What liraiKih han bpen too much neKlfcted
What Khoul.lhp used in everv achonl.
What pvery it'acher tihnuld adopt at oiicp.

D. APPLETON &

Nkw Y

Tenih Annual Meeting

OF AMERICA

Will be lield in the City of W<i.<hitujton,D. C,

Beginning Tuesday, July 10th,

AND CONTINUING FOUR DAYS.

PENMEN'S and ARTISTS* SUPPLIES.

On reciMjit of the pncvj< annexed, wo wlU for
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Hy ordtring from na, patron:^ can i\'ly not otUy
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Ames' Book ot Alphabets i a*

Btyant's Book-ktwpin^. Counting House Kd 3 M
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tlce in vrltlng, per sheet, containing 40

50 sheets, (Mfiill sots of copies) 8 00

100 •• (100 full sets of copies) & OQ

Bristol Board, 3-sheet tbk'k,^i.iil!6 in., protit M

" 22x2d,pcrsln;el,byexprcM.. SO

i-rench B. B..S4XS4, " " ;»

•• 80x40, " " .. 1 25

Black Card Board. 22x28, for wbitc Ink 50

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perabttct, qntre,

What's dTnii«>papeT,boi-preB».iaxa().i 15 i\%

17x22, SO 8 W

'I 19rM, 80 S 20

" " " 20x<o| M 7 -w

" " " »lx5>. I 74 JO W,

Blank Bristol Boortl Cuda, per 100 a

" " 1000 'by«, 1 50

WlmiorAKe«ton'Bniprnip.Ind. Ink, srick i m

Joe Bhcet of writing (Sirl 1 ) , including two

atylM of

)ne beautifttl set of Off-hand Ca[>ilal»

VVRITTEN CARDS,
o! ',> — Gili-edfte, round or'iquure' corneri ' .
1o 4.— Oilt Bevel, extra heavy (best in"

■-30 ■■'.,'

- Plain Hea.yBevBl(2grtl.v.ryilyli8

PENMAN

I Koplds Biuioeu College. Cedar ltii[>i(

Cirexilari free.

Penmanship and Art Department

WESTERN NORMAL COLLEGE,

BunVmell, 111.

plo.

PARKERS
f/I/VCK COLORED INKS.

Assorted expressly Tor the use of Ponmon and Card-
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Put up lu 1-01. Aint glaM boitleM (except gold, l-vz.f -,
one doxed In a box. i^aaX oa receipt of (1. Ctivular,
■howiog wInn, fteut tk«o. i*ARKER M'F'G CO..

1-at. 735 BkoauwaT, N. Y. C.

<!ipl«a, fi^urea. alphabets,

WKITTKN CARUS.

aU(-«lgo. tum^ wmeV 30 !I^tmT*Kri^'^nii (very

j C. N. CRANDLE. Manager.

: ^W BusHNELL, III.

lifiiwl and eoKTOved e.p.^ially for displaj-ing IlandbUlB,

J.LITHOORAPBY ANU KNORAVIKO.

WELLS W. SWIFT,

MarlonvlUe, Onondaga County, New Tork,

Pul<li«h«r of Swii^'tt IlANIi'iiOOKS OP LVK RECIPea
l " (50 Heripe.) Content*: Black, Ifi
id*: Red. * ynd.; Greeo. 2 kind*,

" (100 R«oipe«) Comenla: BlKok. 3S

"- -TO, Violet, 3 kind*.

oe, GohU SllTc

"CoUecti
Yellow
Mailed

; Sympathetr.
and Japan Ink*, Ink.powder. Ink* fnr marking package,

fl for the Prkma.n'h Aut JOUanAi. (with premiam) lot

Kiar. or 11.60 for bolh JocbMal and Otuttu. or pob-
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Am JOlIKV.vi,

FRED. D. ALLING'S

Superior Writing Inks.

mitiw o( hue and body.
■Iimiioo Lh be*t> gtvcn to
of iDk». iuJsplvd to the r*

«uctiDg and M
kil]«d«.dpr<,h..

higrhert iodofw^
e, UDiforailty and

he pmparaUon of
quiremmU of ao-

Mh

MlJ. and Ibe

Aod* of my pouoD* tbroogbou

»«1 by Heir

n o( tb0 opiniou of experU

„,

ttaMe Diuiv-

nr Japao Ink tlie b«tt ink
oniamenlal p«o-work. cord

S^

'i.Tr"

ii;aTA BveKKsa Coi.lbub

A>

ffiula. Ga.

ihB market. PHLOT ii OsBOKKK.

COLUHDU COHUKRCtAL COLLRnK, PorUai

itwDka la your esoelleni fiaoUog. I uDooni

MOKUOK COVNTT CLEKR'6 OFF;

RoctiMter, N, Y., Ap}
Dear Sir: Your MercBDtile aud Carmine

f COUPAHV.

. . . . N.'V.

■ 'o "^iy lo yoat iaqairy. 1 Ukn rjeuw ii

yi proved it»elf (o pocseu mos

Ukmbv McPablakd. Trea*.

ly oominvud IIm quality, and lay it i* worthy of adaption
by, and the txiufldeuoe of, buslueu men. Please Mod me
over another dor.en iiuartR, uod ubllK«,

ALLING'S JAPAN INK afTorde a fint^r line, a blacker'

Music. Conlnut and DiBpli.y Wfnmg. '"™'"" 'P"

ALLING'S GOLD, SILVER AND WHITE INKS flow
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^ALLING'S ASSORTED COLORED INKS - Scarlet,

ALLING'S DEEP BLACK INK.-Teachen ol Peaman-
beat adupiwl to their um, u It wrilM blaeV, flows (roely,
nor ihlckeua, U oou oomwive, aod fuUy raUta the action

PRICES.

Japan Ink. per pint bottle, by ezpreu \$1,00

While Ink. i-o*. iwtile, by expreaa i>5

g^Jof t^l'verliik, 1-c* botUe. byMprew 50

DEEP BLACK INK FOR SCHOOLS.

5-gal. kcg». eaob. not 16 25

IH " " ■' " 9.00

*S '■''''• ' 33.00

2-01, ooM buttle*, per griMs (pooked in 4-gn>. wuod

PeMiiiau'a Ink Caljinot No. 1 (Price, SS)

Cannine. Blue, Vi..l#i. Green, Contrast Carmine? 8o^'
t^*ir''("bo h r ''^'"^5 ' ***' ^"''' ^'''''"" '°'^" **"* *'™*

PeuiuHira Ink Cabinet Nu. 2 (Price, S^)
CoDlaiu the following Ink*: 'i-oi. boiile each of Japan.
Carmine. Bloe, Vialei, Green, Cooirait CarmiDe. Scarlet,'
Merrantlle. Deep Blaoki toL.butlle While Iiik, and t-oi.

SPECIAL NOTICE TO ACENTS.

and OrMmental Ink*; Price-W. with "Special Rate* to
Agent*. Ctrculan. etv.. xrill be •eat. Addieaa,

FRED. 0. ALLING. Ink Manufacturer,

ROCHESTER, N. Y.
S^— .Vo auuihoii giMm to poUai^anl rtqii4tu far

A NEW BOOK. A NEW METHOD

J Work of Surpassing Beauty, Combining Instruction in

BOOK-KEEPING and PENMANSHIP.

By a simpU, fascinating and effective «y»tem of illwtrations and explanations.

a knowledge of the above branchex may be acquired by the student.

toUh comparatively littU labor on the part of the teacher.

Better than the Best of its Predecessors.

The work has rt-ceived the higheit euilorticnieiit of tiiHiiv ol ibe mo!i>t emiiieut commercial
teachers, who have pronouuced it •' better than the best ol its predeceaBorB."
The completed book appeared September 10th. 1882, and has been already

Throiigliout ibe country. Circulai-s containing a large itunilier of ringing testimonials, and
giving a description of the b.K.k. itw inelhodB. confeiiin, pric**, fio.. will bf maiM to anv

A Reference-Book and Key Free of Charge

Will be furnished to schools adopting the work (and to schools only), by the <ih»* of wbirb the
book can be inlrodnced at any time without inconvenience. Addreas.

^V^ILLIAMS & ROGERS,

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OF TULLY, N. Y.,

a-6 CIRCULAR.S FREE.

THE

American Popular Dictionary

AS KILL'S

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Ibo. obaplerti on Teaohin

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Learn to Write.

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ttttl, who are meeting with ordinary hoc
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Family Record. ISiti.

Marriage Oertifloate, 18x23.

Gartield Memorial, 19x24 - . .'

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I will, upon oonitill

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thege with an eye to the

ir taste and abiUly to develop

good autograph by pnw

liue.

■2. To bunt op other

eople'e autographic vagaries u.

ndeot well may l»e a great i\

wuer aod better.

3. Bui one pemon m

re in fifty can produoe a daof

Butograpb.

W. P. COOPBB,

1-1. f.

Klogiville, Ohio

Prop. C. H. PEIKCE, President,
keokuk. iowa.

PENMANSHIP INSTITUTE.

ARTISTS MA>

Landscape Paintini

f l^*'ri'"*/M"''' °"" Illustrated M Vaut Catalogue

J. R. HOLCOMB i CO., ATWATBii Block.
'' '"■ Clkvbland, Ohio.

"Laws of Book-keeping."

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'^' SIX EDITIONS HAVE BEEN SOLD.

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SPECIAL RATES FOR INTRODUCTION.

C. E. CARHART,

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UQ •■Unci
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Ihomngbly tauKhl by mfcil.

MV ELKCTRJC PKS ■ HOLDER Tor OnjameoUil
Work 1. equal id ev.ry nsptwi tu my Obllqu.

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THE DAY SPACING

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-.""'V^

ff:'f

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Mired lengib

"'L

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KP«M to anypivrl of Ih.

tiw

aod d.«>nt.

ou.

20

w

give here

with

Sjwcn

wiua

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liidity

oS

V YORK. July 27, 1880.

T. AMKB

BCll

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Ign.

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fully

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„v...^^^' TEACHERS' GUIDE.

New Yon

K, N. Y.,

THE POST-OFFICE of

AS Second-Class Matter.

D. T. AMES. EdUof and PropriHor.

NEW YORK, APRIL, 1883.

Vol. VII.— No. 4.

LESSONS IN PRACTICAL WRITING.
No. XI.— By Henry C. Spencer.

Copyrighted, April, 1S8S, by Sptneer Brothers.

s and practice, aru oinhmced in each lossou of our course,
se gives control over arm anil hand — power to execute; the
II, spiicing and arrangement, give to the niind a clear under-
> l><j doue; practice or application, secures the desired result — busi-

C(M'Y 1. This h-flso,i hi.^ins with wlu.leanii-innven
iiiiilr or loaf form. Draw a square aud a half, two ruled spaces in hight, as in copy.
Bc^'iu in upper right-hand comer, descend, as indicated by the arrow, (with wholearm-
iiioveiiicnt), forming the bold compound curve ; sweep round with full oval turn, and, with
1111.1 fiually teniunate with horizontal left curve, forming egg-oval, half the hight of the
sliiii. Pnictice until freedom and good form are secured.

The second form in the copy is the capital stem, or seventh principle, upon which
haif of the alphabet of capiUtI letters depend for their formation. The stem must be
mastered, as the surest and shortest means of learning tlirse letters. Observe the oval
s\v('ep, with shade well down upon its under side. lu making A, N, after striking the
stem with wholearm-movrmrnt, many good writera prefer to make the left and right
curves that follow, with combined-movement, the forearm lightly poised upon its full

mu.sole.

Next, ])ractico the copy wlxdly with fm
half ruled spaces in hiyht.

taking the fun

A, iV

>py 2 introduces M, T. F. Mak.- sla

(lightly raised, and make tlie left and rigli

I t!u' couibiuod-movement-

.srrve that the firstcurve of tlie stt-ni in T nm\ Fis

lid M, and more upriglit. Tlie T and F may be

f M with wluileanii-
irve strokes Ihat folio

<ne-lialf spaiT shorter than in
ido throughout with wli.ih--

Afu-r pei-si-veiing wholearm practice, make the same letters, with forearm-movemeut.
one luid a half spaces in hight. Ri-niember that tVa-earm -movement is simply the whole-
iirm -movement modified by bringing the full muscle of the forearm lightly to the edge of
the desk. Do not begin the oval shade above the middle of the stem. In striking lower
lialf of stem, give the hand a nuirk roll leftward, to bring the pen luorr nearly in Hue

Tlu- ol.li.pie peuh..l.l.-r produe.s this sit-in iiu.i shade better than a straight huhk-r.

Copy li. Ayain is shown IIm- .hvclopment <
form.

He wlio does not live in a .sludl, and is not
relations of this art !o nature, may lift his cyci
the gniccful elements of penmanship. P. R, Sp(

severely praetiral to appreciate tl
see around him, in nature's form
9 pen, whi»di was both practical an

We will now consider the formation of these letters more in detail. They should be
made to fill eight-ninths of the ruled space (medium ruling), and with the conihined-
mi.vement— •'. e., with the forearm -movement attended by contraction and extension of
the liugei-s and thujnb.

Capital A begins with a stem made from top downward. In this, a slight left
cuHii', well slanted, descends half way ; continuing, an egg oval is formed on an angle
uf fifteen d.-grtcs, two and one-Iialf spaces U-ug and one and one-half spaces high. The

shade is entirely on the right curve of the oval. From top of stem, on the right, draw a
slight left curve to base line; then finish with left and right cuives, short, aa per copy.
Strokes : left, right, left, left, left, right.

COITAL N. Form letter A to point where left curve touches base j turn short and
ascend with left curve, two spaces high, finishing one spaco to the right. Strokes : left,
right, left, left, left.

Capital M. Capital stem and left curve as in ^ / naiTow turn, left curve ascends
even with top and one space to right ; angular joining, left curve to base ; narrow turn,
right curve on cminective slant, one space. Strokes : left, right, left, left, left, left, right.

See in tlie monogram how the capital stem is modified at top for T and F. Describe
the modification. Do the stems and caps join in these lettei-s ? Whore is the highest
point in the second left curve of the cap ?

Capital T. Capital stem, five-sixth full hight of letter, with first left curve a trifle
fuller than in A, and more upriglit ; begin cap one space to left of atom ; loft curve one
space, right curve one space, horizontiil waved lino three spaces. Strokes ; left, right,
left, left, right, compound.

Capital F. Cap and stem as in T, with ujipor curve of oval completed by a right
curve crossing the stem. Attach the slight left curve as finish. Strokes: loft, right,
coinpounil, left; k'ft, right, compound-
Notice that J'has three compound curves or waved lines, two of which are horizontal.

Study and practice the monogram containing all the letters taught in this lesson.

Copy 4 gives practice in word-writing. See how A and JIf join to small letters. In
■riling iVoo. and Fir, do not begin the small lettora too far from the capitals. What is

Copy 5. lu previous lessons wo have referred to the constant tendency in our
country, especially, toward greater simplicity in the forms of letters used in current
writing. The capital stem, a graceful and beautiful form, hut somewhat elaborate ami
rather ilifficult of execution, has been gradually undergoing a change, jlnd it is not uncom-
iiHHi, now, to see it employed l)y excellent penmen, men of correct taste, omitting the
final curve of the oval-sweep, as shown in tlm copy which is given for free practice.

Would suggest that additional words and some jihriiscs be practiced to secure the
greatest auiount of good from this lesson. Such as, Amendj Amendment, Amount due

on account ; Nine, Ninety days after date ;
Freight paid, Friends, Friendship.

Mdse., Merchandise, Memorandum ; To

, lei

' If liiiily and hoiiesll;

the high and uidih'

kind. He who love.s u
cutiou aufl study of thit
mind — something to m:
around liiui. Let, tli.'i

1, the art of v
which have done so mm
lly to the refiiuunent and
art s.juu'thiiii; to enlarge

ode by side with all
rdorn the world, and

ml

,,l devidi

ike hi

imlyli.'aulihll will find ill the
.1 d.'velop ll,e hi^ll(■st lacultii
■liii-li perlain.s to the welfare .
nirtifiil knowl.'dge of tlii.^ art

A Remarkable Maine Girl.
In the plantation of Oaktield, Aroostock County, Maine, there is a girl wlio poasesaes
the faculty of apelliug difficult ivords backward without hesitation. Her name is Hattie
M. Drew, she is just past tier twelftti birthday, and reaidea with her parents, who are
people of moderate education, living upon a farm. Wliile the little girl is bright and
smart as the average of her mates, elie never attracted any particular attention until, a
little more ttian a year ago, it was accidentally discovered that she possessed the aingular
gift of spelliug any word witli which she was acquainted, backward and without hesita-
tion. \\. a spelling-match recently held in the school which she attends, without any

warning fitie stood before the audience for some
random — some for their difficulty of combinatioi
of wliat they were to be, rapidly and correctly,
spell in the proper way, and when prompted in

-but wii
icept on.

, spelling words selected at
ut any previous knowledge

liich

uld I

rrect spelling would immediately
reverse it. Among the worda which she spelled were theae: Galaxy, syzygy, astronomy,
robin, phonography, difficulty, attendance, indivisible, etc., and many other \iords of
equal length and difficulty. All of these were spelled as rapidly aa the eye could follow,
wilhoul a sinple misplacement of a letter. Has any other person without any training
been al)le to do this or similar feats t In addition, it may be said, upon the testimony
of the girl, that " alie can see the words in her mind, and knows no reason why she
hould not read the letters backward as in the uaual way." -Boston Journal

^"^^I^p

'^^'^5^'?^

^g^p

The Pen's Part in Literature.

Bv Paul Pastnob.
This little ida^c iDilnimeiit, the pen,
H««iii8 no clusel; tu coonect iUelf vitb the
thought aod perBonality of hitn who Dses it
an to become, in a cerlaiu sennp, part of
himself — a power, aju it were, working cod-
joially with the micid in the production of
that which pasffes iiito the form of writing.
So real, indeed, is this relation, that it h&s
been eTerjwhere noted and accepted. We
Mj, that such and sQcfa a person wields a
facile pen — we mean, that he is a ready
writer, that bis thoughts flow easily and
gracefully. Another, we say, has a trench-
ant pen; he is a strong, terse writer. Still
aLother, we say, is gifted with a sharp pen ;
the qualities of keeo wit, rapid analysis,
Biid the power and boldness of a quick sar-
casm transferriug tbeiiiBelves, by a per-
fectly natural figure, to the instrument
which he uses to express them. All these
varied allusions are, of course, the mere
play of fancy between thought and that
which reproduces thought, and may be ap-
plied with equal readiuess aod propriety to
other means of expression. As, for instance,
to say that an orator whose opiuioDS are
very pronounced, speaks " with no uncer-
tain lone" — here again the instrument par-
taking of the nature of bim who uses it.
Or, by a still wilder flight of fancy, do we
nut say that a sharp writer " wields a keen
the writing, plainly, but it is entitled to a
comparison with the thought of the writer
because of its quality of sharjmcHS. I would
not, therefore, urge in any servile, literal
way the close kinship of pen and thought.
Wliat I shall aim to do, in this paper, is to
show tliat the pen is wedded to thought and
personality, in writing, by other ties than
those of mere association. I would show
that the writer comes to depend upon the
pen as a sort of vade mecum, without which
he cannot attain his usual facility and grace
of expression ; that the pen endears itself to
bim who uses it, and comes to he a personal
force in all that be writes. And thus I
would show that the terms by which the
pen is associated with the mind— terms so
frequently and so aptly used — do not depend
upon servile association for their appropri-
ateness, but are true aside from all figurative
allusiou and fanciful application.

Men of literature — constant writers — are
those who especially come to value the pen
as the fit partner in their labors. It would
be hard, indeed, to say what would have be-
come of literature if the pen had never been
invented ; if men bad been restricted to the
use ot the old stylus and the pencil, and other
rude and imperfect writing-instruments, up
to the time of the invention of the type-
writer. It is, at least, safe to assume, I think,
that wo should have had very much fewer
modern books, and that those wc did have
would have been very much less finished
and delightful in style than the best books
of to-day. There seems to be a siogular
Hjipropriateness in the pen as an instrument
for iuterpreliog and sustaining thought.
There must be a most delicate and complete
harmony between the mind and the symbols
it employs, in order that thought shall flow
freely and consecutively ; and this harmony
the pen suppUes. It has two qualities which
are eminently essential — positJveness and
fineness. Both these the pencil lacks ; it
makes an indeterminate, faint and compara-
tively coarse mark. It does not present
firmly, and yet delicately, to the eye thn
ideas which the mind is striving to put into
outward form. I venture to say that very
few, if any, of the leading literary works of
modern times have been composed with a
pencil. And as to the type-writer, I am
very sure that no original work of perma-
nent value will ever be accomplished by its
means. It is well nigh impossiple to con-
duct a long train of reasoning, or to paint a
brilliant picture in words, without the de-
IaUb before one's eyes. As well might an
artist think of painting a noble landscape,
sitting behind his easel and touching keys
which impress certain colors on the canvaa!

e that cold assem-

The background and the "atmosphere," io
writing as well as in painting, most be kept
constantly before the eye. Cons'stent and
harmonious work cannot be done under any
other conditions. The pen is the only in-
strument which will ever be used with real
success in making the original draughts of
the best literary work. It is perfectly
adapted, by a sort of final selection and sur-
vival of the fittest, for that purpose. It is
thus that literary men come to depend upon
h a* the necessary condition of their best
work. I have been a little curious to know
if writers generally would be converted to
the use of the caligrajih ; but, so far as I
have been able to observe, very few literary
men have been led to make use of it, except
in their correspondence or for copying pur-
poses. "Why do you not use the type-
writing machine?" a friend asked of an
author. " Its work is so much more rapid
than that of the pen, and makes better
copy." "I have tried it," was the reply,
" but find that I can do nothing with it in
the way ttf composition. I am as much
lost for ideas, sitting beft.
blage of keys, as thougli
before a piano and told to compose a sym-
phony. No. there is nothing like the old
familiar pen for literary work."

A strong attachment grows up in the
writer's mind for the little instrumeut which
has strved him so faithfully and with such
sympathy during the years of bis solitary
labor. A tenderness and consideration almost
like that which is felt for an old and tried
friend, inspires his thought of the tiny servant
of his genius. I remember seeing the fac-
simile of a letter written by Oliver Wendell
Holmes to Mabie, Todd and Bard, the
makers of his favorite gold pen. One of
the points of the pen had been accidentally
broken, and Mr. Holmes inclosed it with
the letter, requesting that, if possible, the
little friend which had journeyed with him
through the pages of the " Autocrat of the
Breakfast-table" might be granted another
lease of life, for he could not bear to part
with anything which had rendered him such
long and faithful service.

Every constant writer knows how his in-
dividuality comes to adapt itself to a cer-
tain pen, or grade of pens, till be feels lost
and embarrassed if another is put in his
hands. It is but natural to suppose that
much of the spirit and power of a literary
production depends upon this familiarity
with, and attachment to, a particular pen.
The mechanism of thought is exceedingly
delicate, and its fine balance-wheels are at-
fected by the slightest disturbance. The
annoyance and embarrassment arising from
a ])en which does not fit one may very easily
bo imagined to afi'ect a piece of fine writing,
where every touch must be as delicate and
artistic as the lines of a picture. So the
pen, the fit instrument of the mind's higher
expression, has its part., and an important
one, in literature. It may fitly he called
one of those ideal inventions which immedi-
ately and perfectly fulfill the end for which
they were designed. Without the pen, our
literature would have been scanty and im-
perfect, compared with what it now is, and
the world would have lost much precious
means of expression.

A Mysterious Warning,

I found myself alone upon the earth at
an early age. My parents and my four sis-
ters had been swept away, oue after the
other, the latter by pulmonary diseaaes, and
the former by fever.

Having buried the last survivor — my sis-
ter Juliet — I determined to go back to my
native village (Greenmount), from which
we removed when I was a child of eight

In my lonely condition, I fancied that the
scenes of my childhood were better calcu-
lated to revive the home feeling than those
of the multitudinous city, where nobody
knows whether anything is alive or dead.

Knowing Bomething of medicine and the

use of drugs, I believed that I could do well
in Greenmount with a little apothecary shop;
and, accordingly, I went thither and sbeU'Cd
my latinized jars and bottles, in a small one-
storied tabernacle, by the roadside, where all
passers by might observe the sign of ^scu-

I had been established in ray new quarters
a couple of weeks, our old acquaintances of
the village bad begun to find me out, and
my custom was rapidly increasing, when I
received a note, through the Post-office,
couched in the following terms :

"Sib: — As a friend, I warn you that
own safety, you will leave this part of the
country without a moment's delay. Time
presses ; you have not a moment to spare.

It was warm weather; the wiudow was
open, and, with a loud laugh, I flung this
missive out of the window. It alighted upon
the long grass without, which some laborers
were preparing to mow. I then very philo-
sophically proceeded to read a medical trea-
tise, determined to treat the foolish note
with the contempt which it merited. But
when the day was far spent, and the sun
was obscured by the western clouds, and the
night was approaching, I could uot remem-
ber the words of that note witliout a shud-
der. It is true, thought I, that I have not
an enemy in the world; but why, then,
should anybody be so mean as to try to
make me unhappy — to alarm me with such
threateningst Surely it is uot a friend who
would do such a thiug as that, unless he
had cause. Nobody bui an enemy would
wantonly send me a note of that description.
It must be either an enemy or that thing
worse than enemy — a professional mischief-
maker — of which almost every village may
claim one.

The night came on apace, and in her sober
livery were all things clad. Silence accom-
panied for beast and bird ; when I beard a
gentle tap at my shop-door.

" Entrez ! " said I.

I heard departing footsteps, and going to
the door, I called to a retiring individual
and asked him why he didn't come in.

"Because you told me to go away," replied
a man in a blouse, as he came back to the

"No; I said, 'come in.'"
Accordingly, the man came in and sat
down in silence, as if about to hold a Quaker

"Well, neighbor," said I, at length, "what
can I do for you ? "

"Nothing's I know on," observed he, paw-
ing his hair with oue hand, and thrusting
his other hand into his pocket.

After waiting another five minutes, the
stranger handed mo a crumpled piece of pa-
per, which he signified was my property. I
spread out the scrap, and discovered that it
was the note which I had thrown out in the
morning.

" I've seen this before," said I. " It is a
note which I received to-day, and I served
it as I serve all anonymous letters : I threw
it out of the window."

" Yes, sir. I was mowing out there, and
I found it on the grass. What are you go-

" Do ! what do you mean t " demanded I.

" This note means that somebody is seek-

"Pshaw I man! I'm not fool enough to
believe that note."

"Then, sir, you'd better believe it, I

" Come, come, neighbor, don't go too far,
or you'll get yourself in a pickle," replied I.

matter. Will you say that you know my
life to be in danger?"

" That's nyther here nor thar," answered
the rustic. " I know who rit that note, and
I think you'd better 'tend to it."

" Well, who wrote it ? " I asked.

"It's a 'sponsible person who wouldn'
write such a note for mere sport, I lino^
that."

" How do you know it was written by
such a person?"

" I know the handwriting," said he.
" Thar's only one person in the village who
can write like that thar."

Again telling me that I had better heed
the warning given me in that note, the man
got up and left. As soon as ha was gone I
examined the chirography of the note. It
was certainly neat — much like copper-plate.
It was, thereftirc, a person of some preten-
sions to education who stooped so low as to
write an anonymous letter. The more cause
to suspect that the note contained some
truth. The man who had just left seemed
positive, though bis thesis was grounded en-
tirely upon the respectability of the anony-
mous writer. He did not pretend to speak
from his own knowledge.

who subscribed himself " Your Friend " ?

rthe\

surely, if there was only one person in town
who could write well, it ought to be no diffi-
cult matter to discover him. I would ask
the principal meu in the village for their
autographs. I had an album in which were
already the distinguished names of John
Quincy Adams, Levi Lincoln, and George
Bancroft. I would send it around the vil-
lage, and in that trap would I catch as big a

On the next day I commenced. 1 sent ray
album to three of the selectmen and the
towu-clerk, all of whom gave me their au-
tograjths readily, and although I did not
thus achieve my object, yet so flattered were
these gentlemen when they saw their names
beside those of Lincoln, Adams and Ban-
croft, that they instantly transferred alt
their custom to me, and I felt myself abso-
lutely in danger of becoming a rich man.

But in the midst of all this success there
were not wanting mementoes »f the fatal
note — reminders that the sword of Damocles
was continually suspended over my head.
The principal one of tiiese happened at my
boarding-house. Owing to the hot weather
I slept with the lower saah of my window
raised. A light from a house opposite
shone in at my window and illuminated the
opposite wall. My back was towards the
window as I lay in bed, and I was on the
point of dropping to sleep, when I perceived
that something was diirkening the light ou
the wall. I lay perfectly still, though now
wide awake, and soon became convinced
that a burly human head was slowly rising
above the sill of the wiudow, and this head
it was that threw its shadow upon the light
spot on the wall and partially obscured it.

I turned suddenly, crying, at the same
time, " Who's there ! "

The head immediately dodged down, and
a muttered curse f<dlowed, and alt was silent.
I jumped out of bed and ran to the window.
I saw a fellow just turning the comer of the
house, and I regretted that my clothes were
ofl", otherwise I would have pursued the
villain till I discovered who he was.

After this it did seem to me as if I w<ta
rushing ruefully on my fate by remaining
at Greenmount. Yet I was pleased with the
place and with the people of the village ;
my business was good and rapidly improviug:
but, above all, I had my eye fixed upon a
lovely young lady who led the choir of the
village church. Thus far I had not dis-
covered her name. I only knew that I was
charmed with her appearance, with her voice
and manner. She appeared to be the moat
amiable of human beings.

Could I leave the village under such I'ir-

)findc

t the I

) of the

beautiful singer ; but I durst not make any
inqniries. Had 1 done so the fact would
have been known in every house in the
township before night, and finally the story
would have run that we were engaged to be
married.

At length I met the young girl at a party-
She was introduced to me by the name of
Smith; and as there was more than one
family of that name in town, I still remained
aa much In the dark as ever, except thatahe

noon gave me to DDcleratand that the fancy
which I had conceived for her was bj no
means reciprocated.

It was evident that Miss Smith regarded
me with aversion. She looked at me fre-
-lucnlly. Turning ray bead suddenly, I
would detect her in the act of perusing my
features with close attention. She seemed
lo regard me with a great deal of curiosity;
but that was all. She avoided me on every
occasion; and this she did in so ingenious
and stealthy a manner that it was not cal-
culaled to attract attention. It was, there-
fore noliccJ by no one hut myself.
This conduct on the part of Miss Cornelia

Smith discouraged uw for mak-

whenever I looked at her, she
appeared handsomer and more '
attractive than when I saw her
last ; yet such was my peculiar
nature that the slightest suspi-
cion of being unwelcome was a
sufflcienl bar to my intrusion— a
fence too high to he overleaped.
I could not endure the idea of
forcing myself upon anybody.

It will be seen, therefore, that
there was but a slender prospect
-more slender than the most
corseted waist even of a Mary-
land girl— that Cornelia and I
path together.

Yet I was curious to know
why she hated me so bitterly, or
what she saw in my appearance
or in my manners that revolted

Cornelia was the first girl in
whom I had felt a peculiar in-
terest; it is not strange, there-
fore, that I wauled to know why
she shunned me.

With me things were not in a
happy condition. My life threat-
ened, an,l I not knowing from
what quarter the blow would
come, deeply in love with one
whom r felt myself forbidden to
approach, my spirit began to
sink, and this had a sinister ef-
were not so well satisfied with

lo cmel, so miserable a hoax.
At any rate the partition wall v
B no longer any r

I should he

aelia Smith
for, if she had gone so far as to send me i
note before she had been introduced to me,
I might well claim acquaintanceship with
her and seek for an explanation to thai
note. Glad was I of the excuse lo open a
correspondence with Cornelia.

I wrote her a note immediately, in which
and begged her to inform me whether my
life waa really in danger.

ipable of threatened, and that a young Udy should

he mixed up in the affair,
s broken I Sauntering through the principal street of
that 'lie village shortly after receiving Comelia'i

:e, I passed an apothecary shop and noticed
the name on the door, "Caleb Smith."

Now, I had always known that my rival
in business was one Smith, but, till now, I
had never perceived that he bore the same
name as the girl whom I loved, and now
I I recollected that I had heard Cornelia
spoken of as the daughter of "Doctor
' Smith."

This apothecary must, then, be the father
of Cornelia. This seemed lo account for the

^^ f, NVEETmc OF r;/£

(Cttt

t'HIIIlHU,^-

7'/

I ,,, . ' ^ — i.i<>iir>t l<>.l<S(S;i-

IIOVT

cTlV„U,.t,,o wai. ajo l!u- w(a oC Coni '.vfilX

,y;..-

;o,ivctoo) iiVii'iv.tj .V ivilictiu

; /?ief/?fia/tMvt'

lusly of lea>
ng employn

I the

to think seri-
^wn and seek-
3 the city when

my resolution. A Mis
request that I would wi

As I turned over the leaves, I
was struck motionless by en-
countering the name of Cornelia
Smith at the bottom of one of
the pages. It appeared that Cor-
nelia had written some lines in
the album, and I judged them
to be original. There was noth-
ing remarjiahle about the com- "'
position, but I was forcibly struck

by the handwriting. It seemed

to me that I had seen that style of penman-
ship before.

I lost no time in hunting up the warning
Friend," and on comparing the note with
the piece in the album, signed Cornelia
Smith, not a shadow of doubt remained
that both pieces were wril

md out my anonymous correspond.

/^"^.•a4.J.,.

'((7p<iSt,,y

C^'^'^UiVccxUx'k^'>^^l

'''<^^rfm^f^\v\{m'^7(\}^fy^.

\ ought to be tarred and feathered and ridden
upon a rail.

Timeworeon,aiid"Dr S mm h" complained
that I got away his best ciiMuoiers. About
that time, Siriith wrote tlu words of that
warning note on a slip of paper and told his
danghter Cornelia to copy them off on a
sheet of leller-paper. Cornelia knew no
more than the dead what use her father waa
going to make of the letter after she had writ-
ten It ; and it was not until I wrote demand-
ing an explanation that she discovered I waa
the person whom her father intended to
warn.

U wUI be seen, therefore, that the note
— - was sent to me by a rival
apothecary in order to frighten
me out of the village. As for
one night at my window, it
stood on the round shoulders
of one Buttrick, a man-of-sll-
by Doctor Smiih to hack up
. his terrible warning by stick-
ing his head into my window
in the dead of night Sehcted.

, Religious Ideas. — The
I new idea, if it is religions,
I however rapidly it may ad-
Hood or a tire ; never affects all
it touches, but leaves bits,
I spaces, eections of humanity,
, individual people, as wholly
I unaffected as if it had not
I passed by at all. In some
well-known cases whole races
I escape; in others, whole casts;
in others, single men. Christi-
anity waa founded by Jews,
preached by Jews, died for by
Jews, yet Jews are the only
people living directly and al-
ways within its influence, upon
whom, in 1,800 years, that
at all. They have shown them-
selves the most receptive of
races of all systems of thought,
except that single one. There
are probably more Jew Kan-
tians than Jew Christians.
Christianity is Asiatic, yet be-
tween it and most Asiatic races
there seems to exist some in-
visible wall, capable of being
pierced, for it ia pierced for
individuals, yet as a whole as

Protestantism was fifty years
conquering England, counting
from Latimer's eermon to the
Aot against priests, and during
all that time there were broad
spaces, classes, families into
which it made no entrance, or,
entering, was abhorred.— ITie
Spectator.

^maUa^uJ

'.!,ra„rf/„„ cepy ,«c„«i a, ,*, „^-„ of ,U-J.^„.V' (,;„ of „Ujin.l. 1,^18^ . | ...

and w fftirn as a specimen of enyrotting.

— ^ Leigh Hunt, Superintendent

On the Ktme day I received the following ! fact that the young girl had alwavs avoided TTT^ 1 *"'"''''» 7"' »" Moines, ha«

answer : ' jouug giri nau always avoided adopted a plan of giving practical in-

- Your note is ins. received I , rn,''a1 '"""«t'"^ '! '" "'''' ""^ ''"■ """'"°° '" """'"S "■"' ""ing """-"J'-

received. , «<■» - """- She had m all prohabiU.y In the first place he encourage' all the

hlr '"f*"^'!""''' °f ""= ^ "» i«er- children to open bank accounls, and to

loper who had set up shop in the village to ' learn how to do business at a hauL. Bov,

would give you a full anii satisfactory
swer if possible, but that my duty to a third
party forbids. 1 cannot speak the who

etha

liberty

- I "■"<^> liut of one thing

the same , sured, your life is not in danger. That was

a false statement. Nobody has threatened

pu. I am not at liberty to say any more

correspondon w Corneha Smith. She had N„„. .his I deemed a great conques^to
my life was in danger, and | receive a communication from Cornelia and

tell why I get away his customers

Peeping in at the front door,' I ..„
nelia behind the counter. In I popped
found that the young girl was alone ii

Cor-

the

bad bidden me Hy hence. What could h
been her motive! I was a perfect stranger
to her. Why should she seek to annoy and
terrify me in that manner unless she had
diBoovered that my life really waa threat-
ened! But waa it probable that th" •

' vj.^uug I iiiover in ine disrei

girl could make any such discover, t Still { seemed very strange

less DrohahlA vcaa W tl . /l n. _i 1. . ... ' °

less probable

ase in regard

w strange that Cornelia sliould

it, and (in heaven's pure name .')

third parly of whom Cornelia ;

ho was doubtless the prime
the disreputable affair t But it

As we had been introduced to each other,
' entered into conversation ; and thus
iimenced an acquaintance which ripened
^ months the town-clerk pub-

t that Somebody I when 1

fast. In th
lishedourb

After our marriage, Cornelia let out the
whole tnith in regard to the note which had
given me so much trouble.

that her father was very wroth | The work
Ulage and set up my good effect

with rich fathers, boys with poor fathers,
and boys without fathers or mothers were
incited to earn money in honest and manly
ways. They black boots, deliver papers,
shovel snow from sidewalks, and carry in
coal. Not a few are learniug trades during
odd hours, and many have tools which they
work witli at home. Those who are doing
mechanical work which requires considerable
skill meet and compare the articles they have
made. There is a friendly rivalry to see
who will have the largest bank account and
furnish the best specimens of handiwork.
;hool is said to have a
work done in school.

^vewrittentheno.i'trg^r;:^^ \ t;^:^,^:^^:'^^^ ' ^T e^^ r r ""^ "-■^--'- 1 —"» gel.ing a reputation for thri,.,

danger wa. enough for Creenmount and that I | skiU and economy as weU as for scholarship

ayuE

XtiJflVHM^

Letter-Writing.

Articu IV.

Bt D. T- Ames.

DItp«lcb U tba •onl of baiiii«u.— Eakl CBSffTXR-

Id oar prcMDt article we purpose to treat
more especially upon kusiness comepood-

Letters of Itasioees ehoold be character-
ized by coarteny, l-revity and clearnesa; the
writer should aim at the greatest degree of
coDcisencss consistent with a clear state-
ineot of biB purpose, and confine biiimelf
Htrictly to the businesu in hand. We are
informed by a Post-office official that up-
ward of 2,000 letters are daily delivered to
many of the large banks and business
houses of this city. In moat of these houses
the hours of business are from i) A. H.
to 4 P. M., giving seven hours, without in-
termissioo, 420 minutes, thus allowing to a
single correspondent about one-fifth of a
minute to open, read and dispose of each
letter. Our readers may imagine the de-
light with which such a correspondent would
open a letter covering three or four badly
written psgea of letter or cap paper, with
matter irrelevant, perhaps impertinent, or
asking tguestions and personal favors, to an-
swerer grant which would conBume, not min-
utes, but hours of time. We lately received,
in a morning's mail of about one hundred
letters, one miserably scrawled over nearly
four large tetter-sheet pages, from au utter
stranger, detailing all the circumstances of
his late venture at hop-raising, and Unally
the true state of the present hop-market,
and write mo what I can get for my hops,
which are of A No. 1 quality." A stamp
was inclosed, which, of course, would notonly
pay for postage and stationery, but leave
H large balance to ])ay for some half a day nf
our time, required for investigating the hop-
letter.

We scarcely need say that such letters
nhould never be written, and when received,
if courteous, they should be answered briefly
by postal-card ; it otherwise, consigned un-

All legitimate business letters should be
promptly answered, and under no circum-
stances should a discourteous or au anony-
irous letter bo written, nor need such be au-
Hwered.

To the end, that a letter upon any sub-
ject may have the appropriate arrangement,
aud be complete and elegant in all its parts,
a writer should devote sutEcient thought to
its snbjeet-inHtter before even beginning to
write, to euable him to mentally arrange the
he will thus often avoid the great iuconveu-
ience of an awkward beginning and con-
struction throughout his letter. There are
few things iu which tlie old adage, "that
a thing well begun is half done" is more
true than of letter-writing.

Arranged in accordance with a proper
method, its composition becomes natural and
etuty; otherwise, it is awkward and harass-
ing. Phraseology that is careless or am-
biguous should be carefully avoided ; from
such, much mischief is liable from annoy-
ing coutroversies— not to say costly litiga-
letters, to which future reference is probable,
it is well to mark or underscore, with a blue
or red pencil, the most important parts ; after
which, the letters should be filed for conven-
ient reference by writing upon their backs the
name of the writer, date on which written,
and the prominoni points of their contents.
The forms and purposes of business let-
ters are altogether too multitudinous to ad-
mit of the presentation of exami>le3 ap-
plicable to every phase of business; nor do
wo deem it necessary ; for in all cases the
fame, the philosophy of which being under-
stood all the details of eorreepondenco will
come tasily and naturally.

be cltssified, generally, under four heads,
viz: Firs*.— Announcements, which are

. Busixess-Let

,nd-ink copy prepared at the office of the "Journal."

circulars and letters giving notice of the
establishment, purposes and changes of any
business. Second. — Solicitations, which are
letters aud circulars inviting patronage.
Third. — Management, which embraces all
letters or notices relating directly to the con-
ducting of the business, i^our//*.— Miscel-
laneous, which embraces a largo class of
letters which, though not directly pertaining
to business, are incidental thereto, such as
letters of credit, introduction, rommeuda-

EXAMPL

New Yokk, March 10th. 18SS.
Mj{. Henky Faithful,
Brooklyn, N. Y.

Sir : — We beg to iufonn you that the under-
signed, on the 8th instant, entered a partner-
chip under thu tirm name of CuE>hmaii &. Jeu-
iiiDgs, fur the purpose of couduciing a retail
way, New York.

Long aud varied experience in this line ol
business, united with ample meaus, enables m

that any buHiiieas tbey

careful

Very Reflpeolfully,

Jamks M. Cusuman,
William Jennings.

New York, March 10th, IHSS.
Mjwshs. H. B. CLAiaiN iSi. Co.

Gentltmtn : — You are hereby informed that
the partnership hitherto existing under the
tirm name of Williams, Jones & Hunter, has
been this day diesolved by mutual couaeut.

The busiueee will be continued ai the same
place by Mr. J. M. Hunter, who is authorised
to settle all partuerehip matters.
Very espeotfully,

James C. Williams,
John E. Jones,

J. M. HUNTEIt.

Letter or Credit.

Boston, Jan. lotk, ISSS.
Messrs. D. Appleton & Co.,
New York.
Omtiemtn . — Please give the bearer Henry
M. Mason, a cash credit tu an amouut not ex-
ceeding \$10,000, for which Bum draw on us at
short eight.

Inclosed you will find the signuture of Mr.
Mason. Yours Truly,

WiLLAKD &. Hastings.
Mr. Maton't lignalure.

Henry M. Mason.

Order for Merchandise.
103 State Street, Chicago, 111.,

March lit, 188J.
D. T. Ames, Puulisiier,

Sir : — Please send me per U. S. Express.
"250 copies of Ames's Hand-book of Artistic

Penmanship, in cloth.
150 copies of Ames's Hand-book of Arlittic

Penmanship, in paper,
'25 copies of Ames's Compendium of Orna-

meutul Peumansliip.
50 gross of Ames's Penman's Favorite Pens.
.\ud oblige,

Yours Truly,

Thos. E. Hill.
Notice of Draft.

Boston, Jan. lOth, 18S3.
Messrs. D. Appleton Jt. Co.,
New York.
Gentlemen : — We have this day drawn upon
hundred dollars (\$1,50U), amount due us for
balance of nccoimt. Trusting that you will
honor the same and oblige, we remain,
Very Respectfully,

Lee &. Suepard.

REyUEST for Settlement.

Messrs. Jones &. Carter,
New York.
Gentlemen : — Permit us to remind you that
your account is now past due, and to request
you to favor us with your check lor the amouut,
^7i>, if poasible. that it may be available to us
before the '20ih iust., as we ahall then be iu
need of all the funds at our command. Trust-
that you will oblige us, we remain,
Yours Respectfully,

Williams & Johnson.
Request for Extension op Time.
New York, Feb. 12th, 1S85.
Messrs. Wiluams «t Johnson,
Gentleman : — In reply to yours of yesterday,
requesting our check for the balance of our in-
debtedness to you, we regret to say that, owing
to our late very heavy losses by tire as well as
our slow coIleciioDB, we are unable, at this
time, to comply with your request. Our los8e!>
by fire are, however, fully covered by iusur-
ance, of which there is a prospect of immediate
payment; in which case we shall favor you at
ouce with our check for amount due you. Hop-
ing you will sufler uo inconvenience by our
delay, we are, Very Respectfully,

Jones & Carter.
(To be continued.)

Educational Notes.

nale County Supei

[Communications for this Department may
New York. Brief educational items solicited.]

Illinois has eight
intendents of schools.

Pennsylvania has appropriated \$15,0UU
for a city superintendency of education.

Gov. Crittenden »ay8,"ParBimony towards
education is hberality towards crime."

Canada has forty colleges, the United
States 358, aud England 1,300.— PubUc
School Journal.

Johns Hopkins University has an endow-
ment of \$3,500,000, an income of \$200,000,
and 132 students.

The University at Lewisburg, Pa., has

The Board ot Education ot St. PauI,
Minn., have introduced temperance text-
books into the city schools.

The annual report of the Hampton (Va.)
Indian School, shows thirty Indian girls and
fifty-four Indian boys iu attendance.

According to the last census, there are in
this country 4,9*23,451 persons unable to
read, aud 6,239,959 unable to write.

The Pittsburgh Dispatch complains that
more than ten per cent, of the public school
children of that city are near-sighted.

Williauis College receives \$50,000, to be
added to its general fund, frotu tlie will of
the late Edward Clark, of Otaego County,
N. Y.

Texas yet has 50,000,000 acres of unsold
school lands. This will soon give her the
grandest school fund of any country on the

There are 40,0110 children iu Cincinnati
of school age who do oot know their alpha-
bet, and are growing up in ignorance. — 17«

John Welles Hallenbeck, of Wilkesbarre.
Ponn., has presented \$50,000 to Lafayette
College, at Easton, Penn., to endow the
chair of the President.

George Munro, the publisher, has en-
dowed three new tutorships— Latin, Greek
and mathematics — in Dalhouai College,
Halifax, N. S., with an income of \$1,000

^-.^:^:''

j^jL:u-ni^fQ f-.\

The fioest duine io this country, except-
iog that of the Capitol at WashiDgtoD, is
to be placed upon a new Catholic Univeraity
in Notre Dame, Ind. It is to be 200 feet
in higbt and will cost about \$.10,000.— JV^.
r. ffcrald.

Educational Fancies.

[ In ever^ iii8l»rice where tlif source of any
item U8«i in this department is knowu. the
proper oredit is given. A like courtesy from
olheps will be appreciated.]

Yes, Cora, the verb " speak " is jpsthetio
— it'a loo utter.

Give an example of a figure of speech
— Naught set down in malice.

" Time is a good deal like a male," wrote
Johnny in his composition. " It is better
to be ahead of time than behind time."

An enthusiastic student of history traces
base-ball back to the times when Ilebecca
went down to the well with a pitcher and
caught Isaac.

Greer Recitation : Benevolent profes-
sor (prompting): "Now, then, Eipaa "

Somnolent soph (remembering last night's
studies): "I make it uext." He goes il
alone before the faculty.

Harvard University is to have a veteri-
nary department, and the New Orleans Pica-
yune thinks this new annex was necessary
for the proper treatment of donkeys who
have rich fathers to send them to college.

"What are you going to do when yon
grow up, if you don't know how lo cipher.^"
asked a teacher of a rather slow boy. " I
am going to be a school-teacher, and make
the boys do all the ciphering," was the

"How is this, my son?" asks a fond
parent. " Your school report for last month
said, ' Conduct— exemplary,' while for this
month it reads, ' Conduct —execrable.'
What did you do ? " " Just what I did the
month before, only the master noticed me."

In a class of little girls at school, the
question was asked, " What is a fort?" "A
"What is a fortress, then.?" asked the
teacher. This seemed a puzzle, till one of
the girls answered, " A place to put women

The president of Tults college was re-
cently made a happy father, and the follow-
ing morning at prayer in the cbapel he in-
troduced this rather ambiguous sentence :
" And we thank thee, O Lord, for the suc-
cor thou hast given us," which caused a
general smile to creep over the faces of the
c]&s&.— Haverhill Gazette.

A Frenchman who took to learning the
English language persevered till he came to
the word " ague." When told that its two
syllables might be leduced to only one by
pretixing^ and /, and making plague of it,
the philosopher remarked that half the
English might have the ague and the other
half the plague; as for him, he wouldn't
bother with the lingo.— You//*'*- Companion.

A i-ollege student, whose father makes
him render an itemized account of his ex-
penses, received an order for him to "ex-
plain how the large sum for ' incidentals '
was spent, and then I can judge whether
you are having enough fun for your money,
for I have heou there, you young scamp."
That is the sort of father the average col-
lege boy likes.

" Young man," said a college professor
obtained leave of absence to attend his
grandmother's funeral—" young man, I find,
on looking over the records, that this is the
fifth time you have been excused to attend
leftve of absence is therefore revoked. Your
grandmother must get herself buried with-
out you this time."

" TU-jmas, why have you not learned
y->nr lewou?" asked an Austin teacher of a
fiupU B-bL" waa uoied for his impudence,

>ply

" Because I did not feel like it." The
really refreshing to hear a new excuse, so
he said : " Tommy, I'll give yoa a good
mark for your truthfulness. "Now, Billy,"
turning to the next boy, " what is the rea-
son you did not learn your lesson f " " Be-
cause I didn't feel like it," replied Billy,
thinking he, too, would gel a good mark for
his truthfulness ; but, instead, the teacher
took out a strap, and said : " Billy, I'll liave
to punish your plagiarism. You stole that
answer from Tommy." — Texas Si/tings.

Scientific Instruction;

Or, True Teaching - Power.

By Chandlkii H. Peirce, Keokuk, Iowa.

How to preach the gospel, is answered i

s there are doctrines.
) complicated that reversed
t at, all uncommon,
well as preachers, doctors,
i of the situation.
ie that soien-

The law is
decisions are

Teachers,
and lawyers i

The physician
tific instruction does win.

The minister of the present does not talk
in the same strain as did that of our fore-
fathers.

The lawyer dignifies his calling in many
ways, and, like the physician, is growing
more and more a specialist.

Doctors, lawyers, teachers, and preachers,
have a grand and noble work to do.

Each is a life_-work. Each is independent
of the other. Each has for its base, things
that must be thoroughly understood.

Scientific instruction comes from true
teaching-power. A varied, successful ex-
perience accompanied by original thought,
based upon all the good of former times,
will develope results scientific in their na-
ture. To read the thoughts of others, with-
out reference to their promptings, will give
but weak support.

For a teacher to point out the effect, and
attempt to change it without knowing the
cause, is equal to giving medicine without
first having diagnosed the case.

All argument ia weak without a full
knowledge of the case in point.

The lawyer cannot hope to win if illogi-
cal. The minister must not forget this
" age of reason." The doctor must do more
than look wise.

The teacher must not be content with the
efforts of others, and do only those things
sanctioned by the noble few. To follow
the advice and teachings — as a matter of
course — of reputed authors, is not to be
despised, yet to do the same with a sense of
judgment is iodicalive of wisdom.

The leaders of our noble band do not in-
tend the balance to be ninnies j they
to listen to the clatter and clang of di
guns, and honestly contend the field.

Among physicians are found poor doctors.
Among lawyers are found pettyfoggere.
Among preachers are found poor teachers.
Everywhere we find indifferent, poor and

To be good, excellent and superior, is a
To be scientific demands
d attention. To he suc-
bo scientific ; therefore,

call upon

cessful 01

essential to success.

Scientific instruction
demands it, and we nm

Not Responsible.

It should be distinctly understood that
the editors of the Journal are n<»t to be
held 03 indorsing anything outside of its
editorial columns ; all communica**.inB not
objectionable in their character, nor devoid
of interest or merit, are received and pub-
lished; if any person differs, the colomns
are equally open to him to say so and telj

The Autograph Album.

By E. K. I.>^.vacs.
The Autograph Album ! The one soft
ray of consoling light that illumines the
dark chambers of our soul when we are
lonely and despondent. Yes, that charming
branch of literature that " ca^ts a lingering
halo of hope-inspiring radiance" upon the
dark clouds that at times threaten to over-
' shadow our social world ; that time-honored
souvenir, every page of which leads us into
green pastures of the most sacred remem-
brances.

Yes, the .4 we- too-graphic Album I Not
a literary gem only, but a most splendid
representative of the graphic arts. Who
but one with mind unpolished, and with his
love for the beautiful sadly deficient, can
fail to appreciate tbe art display of the au-
tograph album. We are almost afraid to
open one of theae rare volumes of poetry and
art when, once in a long long while, one is
presented to us for our autograph ; not be-
cause there is anythingfearful in iu contents:
oh, no, its pages are all charming, " sweet,"
" lovely." But in gazing on those pages,
composed, as they are, of the beautiful,
either in sentiment or form, we are lost in
amazement. And how can we help it, for
here we find poetry of every style : Lyric,
Epic, Didactic, Dramatic — yea, even Pas-
toral. Then we behold birds of the most
brilliaot hue— red, carmioe, blue, black,
gray, and purple ; and such beautiful
plumage.

Again, we are bewildered by the number
of attractive and ingenious autographs.
Surely, there must be such a thing as " in-
dividuality in handwriting," and there must
be such a thing as " philosophy of motion."
If there were no such a thing as individu-
ality iu handwriting, how could each of these
autographs have such a distinct individual
characteristic f It seems to us they would
all be alike, and we should get tired of look-
ing at lliem ; but no, we do not get tired,
for each new autograph leads us into fields
of art yet unexplored, and
in our belief that "art is 1
If there were no sucli tli

send them their autograph albama by mail.
They would thus get specimens, from the
pen, directly into their albums, aud thus
save their mucilage and the trouble of past-
ing them into their scrap-books. Inclose a
letter of request, do the album up in abroM-n
wrapping-paper, aud put on a three cent
stamp. Any penman will he glad to pay
fifty or aeventy-five cents due postage for
the privilege of executing a specimen in

Back Numbers of the "Journal."
Every mail brings inquiries respecting
hack numbers. The following we can send,
and no others : All numbers of 1879 ; all
for 1 870, except May and November ; for

1880, copies for months of January, Feb-
ruary, April, May, June, August and
December only remain ; all uumhera for

1881, and all for 1882, except June. It
will he noted that wliile Spencer's writing
lessons began with May, the second lesson
was in the July number, so that the series
of lessons is unbroken by the absence of
the June nutnber. Ouly a lew copies of
several of the numbers mentioned above
remain, so that persons desiring all or any
part of them should order quickly. All the
51 numbers, back of 1883, will be mailed
for \$4.00, or any of the numbers at 10 cents

Ink- Pencils.— We have to utter a word
of ca-ition about the ink-pencils which have
come so much into vogue lately. A most
useful implement to tlio business man, this
innocent looking pencil can he easily con-
verted into a treacherous friend, aud on no
consideration should be used to write the
signature of anyone. The composition of
tlie pencil is a peculiar combination, highly
poisonous in itself, and— herein lies the
danger to signature writers- competent to
give off two or more impressions on damped
paper— not tissue paper, be it understood,
but ordinary writing-paper. Our attention
was first directed to this peculiarity by an
astute official of the Bank of New Zealand,
and subsequent experimenta proved the easy
begin m the upper left- practicabillitv of making a clear copy of tbe
hand comer, and traverse the whole of ihr -

I confirmed

m commg.
3 philosophy

single autograph

page, and finally terminate in disgust in one
of the lower comers because there is no
more ground.

Again, the autograph album is tlie key
by means of wliich many a penman unlocks
the gateway to success and fame. What
penman, professional or otlierwise, does not
realize the pleasure of having a stock of au-
tograph albums lying on the table before
him. Not only is there pleasure in contem- | n^w York Times.

plating it from a financial point of view, I ~

but iufinitely greater is the pleasure of know
ing that every design of scroll, bird, oi
beast that he executes will establish for hiti
an undying reputation as a penman, or adt
fresh laurels to his already establiphed rep-

filling-in of a check with this ink-pencil.
First, the writing of tlie check is trans-
ferred — upside down, of course, to a slip of
damped paper, and from that transferred^
right side up — to another slip of damped
paper. We tested this recently in tlie case
of a chock written with the ink - pencil
and sent iu from the country, aud by simple
hand pressure obtained a very perfect copy
of the transferable parts of the doouiiient. —

utation. A professional pen

take special pains

We have no sympathy with those weak-
minded and modest creatures who gather
scrap-book specimens and pay twenty-five
or fifty cents for tliem. A professional pen-

of being asked to execute a specimen, and
greedy indeed must he be to ask any pay.

We recently had a postal-card order for
specimens, to consist of scrolls, birds, let-
ters of invitation, and replies, etc. In a
thoughtless moment we sent a reply, giv-
ing a modest estimate of the cost of speci-
mens he desired; but we soon discovered
our error, for in a few days we received a
letter containing, not the amount specified,
but a few expressions of goodwill, such as
"greedy blood-sucker," etc., showing the
manhood and good sense of our correspond-
ent. Some time further back, we received
an autograph album by mail on which there
was fifty-five cents postage due; and for
the benefit of those who desire specimens
ft'om the difierent penmen throughout the
country, cheap, we would suggest that they

When to Subscribe.

For several reasons it is desirable, that, so

: as is practicable, subscriptions should

with the year, yet it is entirely op-

always ■ tional with the subscriber
very | suhscription shall

when his
Those who
may he specially interested in the very prac-
tical and valuable course of lessons com-
menced by Prof. 11. C. Spencer may have
their subscriptions begin with the May
number, in which is the first lesson of the

What is Meant by Horse - power.
---The power of prime movers is measured
by horse - power. Watt found that tbe
strongest London draft horses were capable
of doing work equivalent to raising 33,000
pounds one foot high per minute, and he
took this as the unit of power for the steam-
engine. The horse is not usually capable
of doing so great a quantity of work.
Rankine gave 2G,000 foot pounds as tbe
figure for a mean of several experiments,
and it is probable that 25,000 foot pounds
is a fair minute's average work for a good
animal. It would require five or six mes
to do the work of a strong horse. Watt's
estimate baa become, by geueral consent
among engineers, the standard of power-
for all purposes.

s "» VIC r -louKN VI.. >\

Singing in Schools.

»V Jri.lA A. PirKAltl..

Ttiero WM a time when Hiogiog io school
wu coDsidered a matter of secoudary im-
portaooe. Now a teaclier, alive to all the
iDtereatB which tend t« the forther develop-
meot of a high and oobh- type of pure man-
hood aod womauhrjod, will fiad siugiDg one
of the greatest and heet of aide. He will
find, too, that with but little encouragement
it becomes popular with all claaBea, for siog-
iog ii of itself an incentive, and but few
will bo found who cannot eater into it
"with the spirit and the understanding
also," and of those few the number is now
rupidly diminishing.

Singing was used as a tbanksgiviog and
rejoicing when Miriam, the sweet singer of
Israel, cheered her people to further efforts
after the memorable crossing at the sea.
David, the wise king, wrote psalms for his
BubjectSjand found less occasion to govern by
the sword. The French, among the first of
nations, recognize the thrilling power of
song when their Marseillaise hymn is sung
to lead their armies to illustrious deeds of
victory. Ministers acknowledge iu value in
mellowiug for their earnest, tender appeals
the stoic hearts of congregations; lecture
associations feel its demand from the people
and put a concert on the lists of entertain-
ments; true homes know its moral worth,
from the tender cradlo-soug that the fond
mother sings, till the little occupant, grown
to the full stature of manhood, is fully
equipped by home melodies and their sacred
associations to enter manfully into the
world's strife. Our schools, instituted for the
education of the youth of an untrammeled
Republic, should not neglect so golden an
opportunity for inatilting into the minds of
its future representatives such sentiments fis
ehall bo for the aggrandizement of the na-

Not a noble thought prompted for liberty,
freedom, patrioliem, temperance, religion,
the social and home circle — not a tender
emotion of friendship and love — not a feel-
awakened by faith and charity — nor a fore-
taste of happiness by hope— but has thrilled
the veins of poets and been recorded by
them in touching and inspiring rhyme, been
set to music by some musician with heart
overtiowiug with melody, and maybe wisely
interpreted and taught by many a teacher,
to still many more of our governors, and
with them sung and re-sung till the noble
eontiments become as familiar as household
words to every heart. That teacher who
aithfully does suoh work, follows closely in
the line of him who said, "Let me make the
songs for a nation and I care not who may
make iis laws," and he was a philanthropist
and a patriot. Smith, who gave us "Amer-
ica," did more for his country than many, or
we may say most, politicians whose voices
huve resounded in the Senate chamber.

A great deal depends upon having singing

With small children, the simple song,
"Children go to and fro," will be sung
witli II will in a marching exorcise. Other
oKtrcise songs, bringing in the action of
body as well as voice aro beneficial as rests
aftiT study. Lively songs may be song
when all interest is flagging and scholars are
listless ; while a restless school may be sub-
dued by soothing melodies. Morning ex-
ercises, if not of a religious character,
should, Ht least, be elevated and devoid of
levity, that the influence may be carried
through the day. Here care should be taken
iu clioicc of songs, that children may early
draw the line between music for amusement
and music for worship. Songs of birds,
bees and blossoms will be appreciated when
the air is filled \rith the twitter and buzz of
auimate life and every breeze wafts a fra-
grance of hidden perfumes. The songs of
Ktus and fairies will then bring delight as
iuiagiuHlion peoples the mossy retreats,
ku.iwu only to childhood, with the wonder-
ful liiile inhabitants, and curious shells with
their delicate hues, found only by chUdish
hauda. Will be the treasure-house for the

gorgeous attire of the princess. The sur-
roandiogs will stimulate to songs of brooks
and fishes, seedtime and harvest, aud feel-
ings of patriotism come spontaneously and
find expression in hearty songs when nearing
the Americtto's Independence Day. Winter
songs, with winds and slcirms, will suggest
sympathy for the homeless and suffering,
will make the pulses beat and find outburst
in the natural expressions. Music with the
tinkle of bells, and joyous greetings of
Christmas time will bring veneration as,
still later, comes the birthday anniversary of
Washington. So each change will awaken
the dormant powers of the heart, lessons
which seasons and history alike present to
the willing learner.

Local events may bring lessons of good
to a school by appropriate singing, which
might otherwise be the general scandal with
its usualinjurious results. Of these, a single
illustration will suffice. Years ago, our as-
sistant-teacher in the high school, a grandly
noble woman, was one morning absent from
her accustomed place. Our questions and
queries to the principal that such an event
had occnn-ed met only with the response,
"She is in the room below." The prayer
that our teacher offered that morning was
that bis scholars might be benefited by bad
examples. Then he announced the hymn,
" Cunfesaion," so full of acknowledgment
and penitence for sin. Reverentially he

Gulling.
By CiLtNDLER H. Peirce, of Keokuk. Iowa.

To defend the profession and keep invio-
late those principles that give it dignity and
respectability is part and parcel ot the duty
of every true " knight of the quill." To
get Something for nothing is contrary to all
law, and if an exceptional case might bo
cited, the gift would not be worth the hav-
ing.

To dupe, to defraud, to cheat, to get by
dishonest means, to look for new victims is
naturalfor every profession, and that ot ours
is no exception. Verdancy reigns supreme.
This green earth of onrs is covered by
thousands of green people. Thousands of
unsuspecting individuals are everyday pay-
iug dearly for their whistle. Advortisemeuls
of all kinds are read witli greediness and tho
bait swallowed with a zest that gives en-
couragement to an honorable calling.

Eight to twenty-five dollars a day to
agents. Turn out everybody ! The mil-
dawning. Such an opportunity

rill I

Noi

Grand and glorious! Wonderfully sub-
lime ! The Real Pen-work, Self-instructor;
Or, White Elephant, for a dollar.

Buy it, try it, and then think of the
"maxim "that led you to " know-les " of
the true condition of a beautiful art.

We came from Massachusetts, near the

sang, and his spirit and the expression of ,
the piece imbued each singer, and when we
felt thou wert nigh," all were serious. Our
hearts were ready for the lesson, and at
recess a bevy of usually thoughtless girls
sought the assistant, who, with glistening
eyes, told us in few words that tbe brilliant,

committed a heinous sin for which she was
expelled. Back to our room we silently
retraced our steps with one more of life's
mysterious lessons unfolded for us, but done
in compassion. The leaf of our song hook
was turned down that day to mark the ,
hymn, and a spotless page in life's book
was written with thoughts tliat taught us
how we might hate the sin all the more,
nor love the sinner less.

tS^To those subscribing at club rates,
the book will be sent ( in paper ) fur 25
cents; (in cloth ), 50 cents extra. Price of
hook, by mail { in paper covers ), 76 cents ;
cloth, \$1. Liberal discount to teachers and
agents.

Notice.
Our stock of the Centennial Picture of
Progress, 22 x 28, being exhausted, and the
1 lates, from which it was printed, destroyed,
it can no longer be sent free as a premium.
We, however, have a stock of size 28 x 40 ;
finely printed on heavy plate-paper, which
will be mailed with a key as a premium
for 25 cents extra. Many thousands of this
picture have been sold by agents at \$2 per
copy. There is no more interesting aud
valuable picture for schoolroom or office
tbao this. '

Incorrect Talking.

" Though tbe schoolmaster holds his re-
ceptions in almost every nook and corner in
the land there is a great deal of incorrect
talking even among educated people. Bishop
Clark ^ves a few specimens of these popular
errors of speech in the form of a dialogue
between a careless talker and his critical

" Good afternoon, John ; how long have
you been ' setting ' here t "

"I have been 'sitting here' about an
hour, watching these men 'set' the stones

" It ' kind of seems to me that the work
is done rather ' illy.' "

" Perhaps it is not done quite as ' welly '
as it miglit be."

" I ' kind of think that word 'welly'
sounds odd."

" It is as good a word as ' illy.' But why
do you say, ' It kind of seems ' and ' I kind
of think,' when you might as well say, ' It
seems' and ' I think.'"

" I've got ' sort of used to talking in that
way."

" It is a very poor sort of way."

" I never had nobody to ' learn' me any
better."

" You mean that you have had nobody to
teach you."

" I am g.'tting tired, aod think I will * lay'
down on the grass for a ' spell.' "

"You can lie down, but it would be well
for you to lay your cloak on the ground for
you to lie on."

" Be you going to ' stop ' here long ? "

" I stopped here when I arrived, hut
shall not ' stay ' long. Are you goiug home

n ' ? 'Be you ' and
and disagreeable

" Hub of the Universe." Our missioD is to
benefit mankind, both specially and gen-
erally ; the special applies to ourselves, and
the general to all the world.

Now is the accepted time; don't delay, for

What has been done can be done again.
Mr. M. has been transported to a haven of
rest. "Iu (5) (5) (5) (weeks) (weeks)
(weeks)," (rather a weak statement), yet
notwithstanding it, the gentleman iu ques-
tion on eagle's wings passed from " an ordi-
nary writer to one of the finest ornamental
penmen in the world."

Do you not believe it? Oh, why is this
thus? "It may seem to you like a fairy
dream," but we can assure you it is reality.

Give us your hand ! You will not be de-
ceived ! Give us your confidence ! It will
not be betrayed! Give us your dollar and
we will send you more paper and more
printed matter to the square inch than any i
publisher this side of Boston. Why do you
tarry! We will prove your beat friend.
Oh ! believe us and your name will be
handed down to prosperty.

Send \$1 Bills.

We wish our patrons to bear in mind that
in payment for subscriptions we do not de-
sire postage- stamps, and that they should be
sent only for fractional parts of a dollar. A
dollar bill is much more convenient and safe
to remit than the same amount in 1 2 or 3
cent stamps. The actual risk of remitting
money is slight— if properiy directed, not
one miscarriage will occur in one thousand.
Inclose the bills, and where letters contain-
ing money are sealed in presenc* of the
poBtmaiter we will uaume ftll the rlik.

* I be ' are very
phrases."

"All right, OK ; but the master always
says to the scholars, ' Be you ready to
write ? ' "

" Do you see him often f "

" ' Him ' and ' me ' met at the deacon's
last night."

" What did * him ' and ' you ' do after you
got there t "

"We looked at ' them ' things he has just
brought from New York."

" Were 'them' tbirgs worth looking at f "

" Tolerable. By the way, the deacon
must have ' quite ' a fortune."

" What sort of a fortune ? Quite large or
quite small t"

" Quite large, of course."

" Why do you not say so ? "

" My next neighbor has just put up a
fence on either side of his front yard."

" I suppose you intended to say that he
has put up a fence on both sides."

" Between you and I — "

"Please change that to, ' Between you
and me.' You would not say : ' There is
no great difference of opinion between 'you
and he.' "

*' I usually say : Him and me agree
pretty well."

" Then you speak very bad English, and
you probably say : ' It is me,' instead of ' It
isl. '"

" Of course I do, and so do 'most' of the
people I know. My boy is just goiug to
school, and as he is a ' new ' beginner I sup-
pose he will appear to he rather green."

" Did you ever hear of a beginner who

" I wish to simply state — "

" That is, you wish to state — "

" That i)ur ' mutual ' friend—"

"Please say our common friend. You

would not call him a ' reciprocal ' friend."
" Why do you interrupt me so often t "
" Because you make so many blunders."

—Ex.

If you want the best guide i
for home instruction iu practical writing
send \$1 for the " Standard Practical Pen-
manship Package," prepared by the Spen-
cerian Authors for the Penman's Aht
JODKHAL.

Stopping Hazing.
Many have wondered why there has Lot
been any hazing at Han-ard for the past
three months. In all that time there haa
not i)eeu a case of hazing reported, and
some have roine to the conclusion that the
bazcrs have met with a change of heart.
It is D<»t exactly a chanRe of heart, hut a
change of clothes that ails them. We are
imformed that the hazing haa been broken
up in that college, and forever, by the fac-
ulty taking the advice of the Sun. Just after
Sullivan whipped Kyan, be (Sullivan) was
called to Harvard ; the Sun's plan of break-
ing up hazing was unfolded to him, and be
fell iuto it readily. He was to attire himself
as a Quaker young man, and apply for ad-
mission as a freshman, and let nature take
its course. On the Brst day of April Mr.
Sullivan appeared at College, under the
name of Al>ija Watson, aud was assigned a
room, and placed on the roll of freshmen.
His appearance was commented on, and as
he passed thnjugh the college grounds with
bis peculiar garb, young follows shouted,
"Shoot the hat," "Get on to his nibs," and
other collegiate literature. It was all Mr.
Sullivan could do to restrain himself from
whipping a couple dozen of the boys then
and there, but he decided to wait until the
proper time when he would be able to
enough for a mess. That evening he
approached by a young man who
to be his friend, and was invited to accom-
pany him to a room where a few of the
boys were going to open a few bottles of
wine. Abija said verily he didn't go much
OB the sinful beverage that stealeth away the
brain, but seeing it was him, he didn't care
if he did go down and drown his gopher.
So they went to a large room where about
seventy smart young fellows were congre-
gated, with all the appliances of hazing.
Sullivan says there were seventy, but the
faculty only found s.xly-five senseless smart
Alecks when the door %va8 opened, but
Sullivan thinks a few may have jumped
out of the window and took to the woods.
It seems when they got the " Quaker" iuto
the room they locked the door, and the
ringleader told the peaeefol man to strip oil'
hU coat and vest and shirt. He objected,
but anally took them off. Some of the fel-
lows who have since got out of the hos-
pital say they noticed when he removed his
shirt that he was put up like a hired man,
and they thought it queer that a Quaker
should have an arin as big as a canvas ham.
They told him to prepare to meet his God,
and got out the iron to brand his back. He
told them he know he was in their power,'
and was willing to submit to anything that
was right, but be asked them as a favor not
to bear on too hard, as ho was of nervous
temperament and might faint. Then they
decided not to brand him until later, but
they would tie him up in a blanket first.
So they got the blanket and tipped Sullivan
over in it, aud about twenty of the smartest
hazers took hold of the sides and tossed him
up. When he came down he knocked four
fellows senseless with his fists, kicked four
more across the room, and then got on his
feet and began to knock tbom right and left.
had stopped to spit on his hands when tlie
rest of the hazers huddled in a corner and
proposed to stop the slaughter. One said
"Oil, good Mr. Quaker, please let us alone.
We belong to respectable famUies, and won't
do so any more." Sullivan looked at them
and said, " It is hazing ye want. Well
yez can have plenty," and he went at them[
and m about fifteen u.iuutes he corded up
the whole gang, and hazing was broken up
at Harvard College. As he threw his shirt
and coat across his arm and walked out of
the room, and met the faculty in the hall,
he said : " Throw oold water in their faces|
and they wUl all regain, cmsoiousness \n
from ten luinutes to h.alf an hour," and be
shook hands with the faculty, received his
five hundrea doUars, and left for New York
with his trainer, BUly Madden, who was
sitting on tie fence outside waiUng for

" Fot kind of a time did yez have wid
Mr. Sullivan on with his shirt ^nd changed
the Quaker bat for another.

"Verily, ftieud William," said the Quaker,
as be counted the roll of biUs to see that
the faculty bad not shoved any c<iunterfeits
on him, " it was the event of the season.
It is good exercise. " And they started for
Cornell University at Ithaca.— P<c*'s Sun.

Brother Gardner on Charity.

" Las' fall," said Brother Gardner as he
gazed down upon Elder Toots in a paralyz-
ing way, " I made some remarks upon de
subjict of charity. It seems dat my posishun
was misunderstood, an' dis evenin' I hope to

" De Good Book speaks of charity a
thousand times, an' a big sheer ef de people
believe dat de word as used in de Bible
means dat we mus' open our purses to de
poo' ! In de first place, I airnestly believe
dat de charity of de Bible means lookin'
lightly upon de faults of our fellowmen. It
means dat we must oherlook, excuse, an'
forgive. Charity covereth a multitude of
sins ! Does dat mean a loaf of bread passed
outer de kitchen doah to a beggar, or does
it mean dat he who oberlouks de faults of

each to 100 solicitors of charity, an' bow
many would have a dollar left by night f
At least half would spend a portion for beer,
whiskey, or tobacco, and not twenty of d«
lot would boy wood, flour, or clothing.

" He who gives to a tramp encourages

loaferism, thieving, an' a dozen other crimes.

" He who gives to a man or woman able

to walk de streets am a supporter of vice

an' idleness.

" Dat's whar I stan' on de one side of de
queshun of charity, an' each passin' day
turns up somethin' to convince me dat I am
correct. But now whom do I feel fur, an'
to whom kin I give T If I assist an able-
bodied man to aim bis own bread, dat am
charity. If I kin prevail upon a father
who am waistin' bis money in drink or at
cards to put it into his family, dat am charity.
If my poo' naybur loses his horse, I have
a \$5 bill for him. If he loses a child, I
have ten. If he breaks a leg or an arm,
I'll sheer my meat an' latere an' wood wid
him until he kin work agin. If a father
falls sick an' has nuffin ahead, my kind o'
charity chips in fur a shake-purse to pull
him frew. If a stranger comes among us
an' am ill, let us make him well. If fire or
Hood devastate a section, let us send relief.
If a widder am left helpless, let us fill her
coal- bin an' fiour-bar'i.

Tht above cut
penman

tat phato-enqraved from an original fimriih txecuUd hy R. 6'. Bomatl.
1 Carpenler'i Bryant .)■ Stratton Bmiam ColUije, St. Louit, Mo.
Mr. lionaall it a tuperior practical writer.

others shall have some'of his own condoned!
I hold to de latter.

" But let us admit dat de charity of de
Bible means aidin' de poo'. If I airn ten
shillings a day an' work in cold an' heat an'
rain — if my wife economizes an' I am keer-
ful — if we go slow and dress widin our
means an' manage to lay up a few dollars,
what man or womau on airth has de right
to tell me dat I mus' pass any part of my
savin's out to people who am poo' frew their
own fault t Whar" I have worked they have
loafed. Whar' I have pinched dey have
squandered. Whar" I have denied myself
dey have cut loose wid a h-ee hand.

" Dar' am not an able-bodied man in
America who can't aim suflicient to board,
clothe, and school a family of sir and send
his wife to church on Sundays. Dar' am
not a widder in dis kentry who can't airn at
least a dollar a day at some occupasbun.
Dar" am not an orfan who has de shadow of
a right to ask any man fur a nickel.

'■ Our public charities am so many frauds
upon taxpayers. De *S5,000 raised by tax
in Detroit fall into de hands of people who
have no bizncss wid one sbillin' of it. It
goes to drunkards an' idlers an' pretenders,
who make it a duty to live upon charity
from one y'ar to anoder. I defy de most
ardent philanthropist in dis kentry to show
me one case whaH a city poo' fund dealt out
to paupers has lifted anybody above axin'
agin. De city which raises de moas' money I
has de most paupers. Figgers prove it, an'
yet philanthropists won't admit dat it proves
anything.

" Let me Stan oat to-morrow an' ban' t5 I

" In twenty years America has raised up
a class numberin' tens of thousands who
shrink work, who make saloons pay, who
have doubled the number of police an' jails
an' prisons— who steel, rob, and ravish—
who infest street corners an' prowl frew
an' vice, an' she has raised 'em up by her
system of mistaken charity. Philanthropists
may squirm an' womeii make wry faces,
but de preachin's of de one an' de sym-
pathies of de odder have made de word
charity synonymous wid Vice and Wicked-
ness. Let us now assault de usual pro-
grammy."— Befroif Free Press.

Questions for the Readers of the
"Journal."

By Chandleii H. Peirce, of Keokuk, Iowa.
1. Which is preferable ; to change posi-
tion of self or paper in

>rkf

2. Does intellectual development pre-
cede physical, or should they go hand in

3. Admitting that principles are the true
basis of teaching penmanship, are they suf-
ficient ?

4. Does one extreme produce another I
If so, illustrate.

5. Do all letters require a given amount
of force in their perfect execution ?

6. Is the hight of a letter and the length
the same f

7. What comtitolee a system of pen-
manship t

8. What is the first objeot to be aimed

at in teaching pupils beyond twelve or fifteen

9. Wbat is the second object to be aimed
at I

10. How would you write straight with-
out line on cards, envelopes, etc t

11. Can equal results be gained in the
simpler classes of work without looking f

1*2. How would you obtain proper shade t

13. In acquiring the best results, what is
the plan of development f

14. Why do combinations appear better
than single capitals t

l.'i. After forming o part of d, is the light
line above curved or straight ?

16. Why is the preference given to below
the line in the formation of capital B and
Kt

17. How can you determine the diflerence
between the results wholearm or fore-
arm?

18. Is the introductory line in a, d, g, q
and cone space in hight t

10. What is ornamental peumanshipT

20. What is business penmanship t

21. What is most difficult to learnt

22. What is the dividing line f

23. Is ornamental penmanship essential
to the thorough understanding of business
penmanship f

24. Which movement predominates in
the formation of good figures ?

2.5. Can good figures he produced by
purely finger movements ?

26. Can children from eight to ten years
be taught to make as good figures as any
onef

27. What regulates the proper turn at
top of 3 and 3 when made with a point as
abase of starting?

28. Wbat is the location of the Philoso-
phy of Movement before execution t

29. Why can you execute small work
more rapidly on paper than on blackboard t

30. What is the position of crayon in
ornamental work at board f

31. Would it not be well in learning to
write to practice the standing position at
least one-third the time t

32. Are the so called standard capital let-
ters the practical ones for business T

33. Is the capital stem ever used in its
purity f

34. Is counting essential to beginners f

35. What is the best method of count-
ing t

36. To what extent ahould it be carried 1

37. Are capital lettera that begin off the
base-liu© more difficult to form than those
which begin on line?

38. What is the difference in calculation T
30. Are combinatione more expreasive

of beauty than single lettera ?

40. Are combinatioaa of figurea pracri-
cal?

41. Are combinations of tigurea a neces-
Bityf

42. What ia the firat object to be gained
in producing figures? The second? The
third ? The fourth? The fifth ? The sixth ?
The seventh ? The eighth ?

43. Wbat constitutes a perfect oval ?

44. Do all points in writing have the
same direction ?

45. What is the main object in shading
well?

Questions

In February Number of "Journal."
By SunscRiBER.

1. We aee no reason why lie can not.

2. By its proportions, turns, curves, an-
gles, etc., and by the rule for spacing.

3. Not enough to be noticed.

4. The proportions of the letter.

5. It is not.

6. Some are modified.

7. Firat. Point too sharp. Second. In-
ferior paper. Third. Holding pen too near
vertical. Fourth. Writing on one nib, etc.

8. We think not.

9. We regard both, as being of equal im-
portance.

10. That which secnrea the natural,
most graceful, aud rapid i

And TEACHERS' GUIDE.

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LONDON AGENCY.

lONAL NEWS COMI'j^

New York, Aprii,, 188;).

The "Journal," and Writing in
the Public Schools.
Some two years sim-e, Mr. H. W. Smith,
Vice-Principal of Grftiiimar Sebool No. 20,
of thia city, became a subscriber to the
JouuNAL. Apprecialiug its value as a etim-
ulaul atid aid to careful and interested effort
«u tlie part of its yuuiig readers, he called
tlie atteutioQ of his class — " his boys " as he
is pleased to call them— to the Journal,
and at the same time oflered a year's sub-
scription as a prize to each of the four boys
ehowiug the greatest advani-etnent in all
their school-work at the end of the year.
Since then, eighteen out of the class of less
than thiity. have become regular subscribers
to the Journal, besides several others who
are now engaged iu business. A short time
since we received from Mr. Smith a pack-
age of specimens of writing, accompanied
with the following note :

New youK.JpriilSth.iSss.
D. T. AsiKS. Esg,.

Dear Sir:— I hrrwwitli himd you sp^ci-
mena of p^Dmauahip written at different
neriods. and reprvaeutiiig the progress madeia

writing during the past aix months, hj Iwenty-
five boys und^r my charge. Will you do me
and tliem the favor to examine the Bpecimens.
and deeignate the one which, in your opinion,
indicates the greatest degree of advancement t

I auk you to do this for the purpose of enabl-
ing me to award a prize for advancement.

I am pleased to say that all my pupils are
aubscribera 1o, or have excess to. The Pen-
Man's Art JofRNAL, and that I have found
the lessons and articles upon penmanship of
great interest and value to me, while they have
served as a powerful incentive to my pupils ;
also, your articles upon " Letter-Writing" have
been of great service in that department of my
school-work. '

W. H. Smith,
Vice-Principal. Grammar School, No.'iO.
160 Christie Street.

The specimens referred to above, were
by boys whose average age was thirteen
and one-half years — rnngiug from eleven to
fifteen years. Several of these specimens
exhibited more than au ordioary degree of
improrenaent; while nearly all showed ored-

teacbers of the land, can but be inspiring,
and largely contribulive to a love for^ and a
more earnest and successful effort to attain
to, a good handwriting. While to those
who are seeking to become good writers at
home, or in the uflice, without the aid of a
teacher, the Journal will be found to be of
incalculable benefit.

We herewith present a specimen letter,
written as a composition, by Master Albert
Levy, aged thirteen years, tbe pupil of Mr.
Smith's class to whom was awarded tbe
first prize, together with a specimen of bis
writing only six months previous, which not
only presents a specimen of his present
writing, but shows progress for that period.

Where ia the lad who wilt do better f

Journal an editorial, ii
that what is popularly ku

■iting be Taught ?

there appeared in the
hich it was stated

Specimen written stx months since.

J>,

TIiu iilK.ve outs Kr« plioto engi-aved iu
fac-siiiiile, two thirds the size of original
maiiuscriiit, written by Master Alliert Levy,
a pupil iu Gi-ammov School No. 2U, of this
city, and shows his progress in writing for
six months. The letter was written as a

regular ,.ou,i.„.silio„i„.,el„„d,a>
to the fullnwiiig ndvprtisciiioiit :

\AIANTED— IN AN INSURANCE

etc., in applicanfi bandwtiling M„ l»x
fio«. Cigaiette smokera need not apply.

itable pro^rtes, all indicated careful effort.
From the specimens, we selected, as exhibit-
ing the highest degree of improvement, that
written by Albert Levy ; second best, Louis
Spoehrer; third, Albert L'. Fuchs. Mr.
Smith assures us that he has observed a
marked change in the " .-sprit-de-corps" of
his entire writing-class since the iutroduo-
tiou of the Journal. Pupils who formerly
took little or no interest, and practiced their
writing- lessons with indifference and with
little progress, are now interested, even en-
thusiastic, over their writing, and are conse-
quently showing marked Improvement.

The experience and testimony of Mr.
Smith, respecting the good results of intro-
ducing the Journal to writing -classes, in
all grades of schools, is in full accord with
that of hundreds of other teachers through-
out the country. Its monthly visits, pre-
senting tine copies and instruction from the
pens of the most skilled and experienced

ting could not be taught, Irom the fact that
such writing is the result of long, habitual ex-
perience iu business or professional life, and
is moulded to suit tbe peculiar tastes, skill
and circumstances of the various writers, no
two of whom ever write alike. We believe
our position was correct, notwithstanding it
has been assailed by correspondents, through
the columns of the Gazette, and also in a
lege, which says :

"Any experienced businese man knotct that
busiuefs-writing can be tauijhl. He knows that
if one of his clerks writes a fine business hand,
it will not be long before all ol the clerks of the
eatabliahment will secure iu a greater or lens
degree the same general style of wriliiig. This
they will do, taking the writing of the superior
penman as their standard.

There is in this country a standard style of
business- writing. It is a standard style which
is recogni/.ed £nd followed liy iiiuely-niue out
of every one hundred good busineBS-writers.

The standanl style is seen io the counting-
houses, the banks, tbe railroad oflices, the ab-
stract offices, the iilate and national depart-
ments, and the properly conducted business
schools all over this land. It is the standard
style which characterizes the Americans, as a
class, as tbe best writers in the world. It is
that style of bneinees-writing which was in-
augurated in this country by the elder Spencer
and bis early associates. It is the " Spencerian
Style," but not the present " Spencerian Sys-
tem." It is the style of business writing which
was written and taught by old father Spmcer
and olbere before " bigh art " had crept into it
and utterly runied it as practical business-writ-
ing. The early Spencerian style of writing
was good business-writing; the present Spen-

Tbe original Spencerian style of writing was
practical and adapted to the masses; the pres-
ent Spencerian system is very unpractical and
can be acquired only by artists. The result of
teaching tbe oi iginal Spencerian style was
forty-nine sirccesees to one failure ; with the
present artistic Spencerian system, it is forty-
nine failures to oiif success. The formerstyle
was ordinary, plain, graceful, natural and ad-
present system is extraordinary, "artistic."
stiff, painfully accurate and absolutely impossi*

What is here said about the present " Spen-
cerian system," is etjually true of the other
" Standard Systems " of this country. They
are all descended from the original Spencerian
style, but vastly inferior to it for ordinary, ■
practical purposes.

Taking all these things into account, it is not
strange that " writing masters " wbo worship
the system of penmnnship as now published,
should begin to ask tbe question, "Can busi-
ness-writing be taught t" These teachers do
not write a business hand, they do not gen-
erally use a business pen ; their pupils not only
do not acquire a business hand, but very often
suffer absolute injury from the inelruction re-
ceived. But we are glad to know that what
is here said of tlie professional "writing-
master " is by no means true of all who are
teaching penmanship. There are teachers wbo
both write and teach practical business pen-
manship. There aia scliools in which the pu-
pils learn a handwriting which they are not
obliged to abandon the moment they enter a

Were arguments and proofs as easy as
assertions, the writer of the foregoing would
indeed be a formidable adversary. But let
us briefly consider some of his assertions.

First. — " Any experienced businefls man
knoics that business-writing can be taught,"
etc. This is a mere wild assertion, and one
contrary to fact : that a body of clerks will
become good writers iu the manner men-
tioned, every business man knows to be not
true ; that one clerk may, to some extent,
emulate the superior writing of another, as
he may his superior breeding, habits and
business tact, is truej but, unfortunately, no
such plan can be relied upon to make good

Again, ho says : "There is iu this country
a standard style of husiness-writiug recog-
nized and tidhnved by niuety-niuo out of
We can imagine no more reckless and un-
warranted assertion. What does the writer
mean by standardf Webster defines stand-
ard to bo " that whic/i is establislied as a
rule or modtV Nuw, will the writer af-
firm that any two of these good business-
writers write hands at all resembling each
other, either as to the form of letters or in
its general appearance. We think that he
even would decline such an assertion; if so,
where is his standard? Evidently, there
would be one for each writer. He might
with equal propriety claim that each of his
ninety-nine business men should ignore the
recognized standard for weights and meas-
ures and set up one for himself.

Again, he says, that " the result of teach-
ing by the original Spencerian stylo was
forty-nine successes to one failure. Why
vary, in this case, his proportion from ninety-
nine in a hundred f It sounds better, and
we see no facts in the way.

The early Spencerian writing was com-
paratively unsystematic, and hence poorly
adapted for use iu schools. All its changes
to the present have accorded with the spirit

VI.- I JOl KN VI

of progress and the demands of acbooU
room PitperieDc« and business. It is trne,
that under the inspiring genius and example
of Father Spencer, a large proportion of
those pupils whom he personaliy taught be-
camo g<.<)d writers. Yet we venture the
assertion, that there is not a Board of Edu-
catiiiu or a Superintendent of public schools
in all the land who would, for a moment,
consider the substitution of the first Spen-
(xrian copy-books for those of the present,
nor should they do go, AH experience
proves, that writing as well as other things,
to be successfully taught must have some
fixed standard and prescribed rules, by
which the pupil may approximate and judge
of his success, and the teacher criticise his
pupil's eflorts.

The writer further asserts that " there are
business schools, including his, where pu-
pils learn to write a hand which they will
not bo obliged to abandon the moment they

We believe that there is not a school
in the world that does, or can, impart to a
pupil a style of writing which will' not be
so changed in a year's, or even six months',
practice, in a position reijuiring constant and
rapid writing, as to bo scarcely recognized
Iieside that with which lie left school. The
writer might as well claim to convert the
beardless inexperienced lad to the mature,
polished and acute map of affairs. A busi-
ness handwriting, like all thatgois to make
up the genuine business man, is the outcome
of husiuess experience, added to and modi-
fying what he has previously acquired in
school, and can be attained in no other way.
That the pupil who has had the proper
drill in all the elements of good, rapid writ-
ing, and of business, as taught in our busi-
ness schoids, will advance more rapidly and
ultimately attain to a much higher standard,
not only of business-writing, but all that
goes to make the model busitess man, than
he could otherwise do, we most fully believe
and affirm.

JODH

Education.

Ill lb..' Business Collofc Record, published
at J.icksnnvilU,, III., we hud au article froui
the fiicilo pen of ..ur friend (i. W. Itmwu,
relative to tlie establisluneut of a business
c.dlego <»rgan, from which we clip the fol-
lowing:

11. T. Ames, of New York, is conducted in the
interest, solBly, of penmanaliip — and yet it is
securing Bubsoribers by the tlioueauds from all
parts of the country. It is doing this largely
thn.ii^li the agency of business college teachers
-tnd jiiijiiU. It ia ably and energetically con-

i the

Tlie great suecess of the Art Journal is a
nioal forcible suggestion lo my mind of what
might be done by a journal representing the
whole field of practical education.

Firsr wo wish to bestow our tluiuks upmi
Mr. Brown for the comiiliinent he pnys the
.lonnNAL, and to siiy wo nre in no wjiy op-
posed t.. u cUege organ. What we desire to
do, is r.. set Hrother Browu right where he
ii* II link- off. " The Journal," he says, " is
e.unluetcd, solely, in the interest of pen-
niiinship." Has he read it F One would
think not. Many columns of its matter-
editorials and copied— havo related exclu-
sively to business education. Not long
since an entire Jiddress, by James A.Garfield,
iipmi that subject, appeared in the Jour-
nal, and scarcely a number has been is-
sued without more or lotw matter relating
to pnietiail and general education, and now
in every number appears an article upon
Con-ejipondonce. Its editor, fur nearly
twenty years, was actively engaged in busi-
ness college M-ork, and believes in it; and
is not t^irdy in saying so. And it is due to
the .louRNAL more than to any other in-
strumentality that there to-day exists an
Mr. Browu says that the Journal is de-
voted chiefly to artistic penmau.ship. Will
ho please turn over tho pages of his file of

ind measure up the .ditorials
np'in the several departments of peuuiau-
ship, and if ho dews not find four to one of
space devoted to practical as against artistic
penmanship, we will make him a subscriber
for life, free.

Again, he says that it is largely through
the agency of business colleges that the
Journal has attained to it« acknowledged
!»nccess. We admit a liberal support by
most of the really meritorious colleges,
among which is that ^inducted by Brotlier
Brown, but that its success is mainly duo to
them is a mistake. Not one in five of its
present subscribers are due to business col-
lege influence, or from among their patrons.
Its success is due to the fact that its col-
Iiimns have contained matter which ren-
dered the Journal valuable and inter-
estiog to neariy all classes of persons,
and we can but believe that with its
wide - spread and rapidly growing sub-
scription-list it is exerting, indirectly, a
greater and niore telling influence in
favor of practical education than will or
can any publication conducted, avowedly
and solely, as an organ of business colleges.
Tlie lads, and even tlie misses, from our
public and private schools and elsewhere,
wlin nnuiher far up into the thousands
upon the subscription-list of the Jouhkal,
are, indeed, promising candidates for busi-
ness schools. Once interested in good writ-
ing, they will, very naturally, seek the best
facilities f.,r gratifying their desire fur tho
highest attainment, which will bo usually
found in the well conducted business col-
leges of the country.

If y<ni are a live, thinking, and snece
ful teitcher, you have something worth sw
ing to your co-workers. Remove t
bushel, and let your light shine abr.i
tlnnMuh the columns of the Journal.

the result, an.l to such a degree as to be the
subject of comment by school officials and
patrons. The appreciation and patronage
of the Journal in this direction has been a
isfaction and strength to

1 edito

, which they,

rill

Writing in Public Schools.

inpla

till

the ctiuntiy, that writing is less effectually
taught than any other branch in our public
schools. As a rule, but a short space of
time is allowed for jiractico, and, frequently,
that has more the character of au intermis-
sion from real school work than otherwise,
because of the inditfereuce of both teacher
and pupil, as to the extent or manner of
practice. The first requisite for success in
any deiiartment of education is an atten-
tive and iutere.sted pupil. The good teacher
appreciates this, and calls to his aid every
artifice and appliance which his genius can
suggest for awakening and maintaining
enthusiasm on the part of his pupils. A
teacher, who can neither write a good han<l
nor give skilled instruction, is not likely, by
his own example, to sufficiently inspire his
class with the beauty or utility of good
writing to secure the effort and care neces
sary to make good wtlters; and, unfor-
tunately, such teachers are usually slow to
avail themselves of such aids as are of-
fered for supplementing their own poor
efforts. The good teacher is so, because
of his itjipreciation of, and readiness to
avail himself of every source for valuable
information and every good exaiiii»le in
his school-work. Such teachers have been
first to wtdcome and introduce the Jour-
nal to their pupils and feUow teachers.
They have recognized in it a powert'ul
auxilliary to their own effort, not alone for
good instruction, but as a means of awaken-
ing and sustaining an interest in «'riting
which leads to success. Among its sub-
scribers there are now about four thousand
teachers, uu.sl of whom are in public and
privat* schools, and make no specialty of
writing; yet all of these, we venture, are
securing far belter i-esultB on account of the
monthly visits of the Journal. In many
instances large clubs of their pupils have
been induced to become substTibers. In
such instances, so far as we are informed, a
marked improvement in writing has been

deavor to fully reciprocate, by rendering the
Journal, to the fullest extent, a help to
the teacher and pupil of plain, practical
WTiting in our public and private schools,
as well as to the learner at home.

Dr. Dix and Education ot
Women,

Id one of a series of lectures lately de-
livered by the Rev. Morgan Dix, D.D.,
Rector of Trinity Church, of this city, upon
the subject of *' Woman's Mission," he took
occasion to denounce, in severe language,
the efforts now being made for tho higher
education ot women through the opening of
the colleges of the country to lady students
and more especially that of Columbia Col-
lege of this city, of whirh Dr. Dix is a
trustee. A petition lately presented by citi-
zens and patrons of the college to its Board
of Trustees, praying that lis facilities be ex-
tended to female students, is said to have
met with a most determined and fatal op-
position from the enlightened and liberal
minded doctor.

The Dr.'s lecture has very properly called
forth many pevere criticisms from the press,
as well as citizens of this city, among which
was a letter to the Evening Post, signed,
"Communicant of Trinity Parish," which
desrves to be widely read. We abstract the
following :

Dr. Dix lieated a question now much before
the public in a very unfair «nd ungenerous
manner. He so interwove the question as to
make it appear to one not conversant with the
matter that those who are earnestly seekiug the
better and high

o-edu

n with all thattliatim
Dr. Dix, IB all that i

plies, which, according

bad and immoral. The lecturewas like the ettort
of a narrow-minded priest who dreads the edu-
cation of man or woman, who is constantly look-
ing back with longing for that priest's heaven,
the dark ages, when the laity were sunk in
gross ignorance and entirely under the power
of the priests who stood upon a much higher
write and were able to "launch the curse of
Rome." He aeen with regret the fact that times
have changed, that noweilucation and common
Beuae are in the pews, or do not attend the de-
livery of the puerile efforts called sermons, aaiis-
fied to read the reports in the newspapers and
smile with contempt upon the childish eflorts
to atop the march of learning and intelligence.
Here would seem to be, at least, one in-
instance where a communicant should g.' to
the pulpit and a priest should go to the pew.

Spencer Memorial Hall and
Library.

Wo loarn from vepurts in the Cleveland,
0., papere, that the founding of the Spencer
Hall and Library, at Geneva, 0., is now a
certainty. Among tho contributors, M. J.
Woodruff, Esq., of N. Y., is mentioned as
having given five hundred dollars, and P.
W. Tuttle, of Geneva, the same amount.

Mr. Woodruff was a pupil of P. R. Spen-
cer, and formerly a teaeher of Spencerian.
He is now at the head of the Russell Irving
Manf'g Co., probably tho largest hardware
house in this country.

The King Club

For this month comes from the .Spencerian
Business College, Cleveland, Ohio. It num-
beis one hundred and nitte, and was sent by
H. L. Loomis, penman and part proprietor
of that institution. Mr. Loomis and his
associates are not only doing a good work in
the etticient and succfsshil teaching of writ-
ing, but they fully appreciate the work the
Journal is also doing in that direction, and
earnestly commend, as all good teachers do,
the Journal. The Queen Club numbers

seventy-four, and was sent by W. F. Jewell,
principal of the Gohbuiilh Hrjant-&-Stral-
The thini club in size numbers fifty-one,
and comes from C. M. Immetl, a teacher of
writing at Goshen (Ind.) and vicinity. He
says : " I secured twenty-seven namee in four
hours." A club of twenty six conies from
A. L. Davison, Lockpoit, N. Y, One of
twenty-five comes from Bryant's Buffalo (N.
Y.) College, and twenty-three from J. D.
Holcorab, Cleveland, (lliio. Other smaller
clubs, too numerous to mention, have been
received— for all of which the senders have
our most earnest thanks.

A young Buckeye sends .specimens show-
ing remarkable improvement. Rewrites:
" I take the liberty of addressing a few lines
to you, hoping you will not be offended at
me. I am a young man, and I nin striving
to improve my handwriting at homo. I am
studying and practicing your course of les-
sons now going through the Pknman's Art
Journal, and I feel very thankful that I
am enabh'd to do so.

I send a scrap of an old letter of mine,

any improvement, as I have been practicing
a half hour daily, since your lessons came
out."— J. P. S., Upper Sandusky, Ohio.

The specimens which accompanied the
above letter exhibit most remarkable im-
provement. The letter is r.ne of many sim-
ilar expressions of the highest appreciation
and thanks for the publication in the Jour-
nal of the lessons in practical writing by
Prof. H. C. Spencer, and tlie lessons on let-
ter-writing by the editor.

It m eertjiinly a pleasure to know that our
•efforts are productive of such good results,
and arc so liighly appreciated. And we as-
sure our readers that our efforts will not
be diminished in the future.

How to Remit Money.

The best and safest way is by Post-office
Order, or a bank draft, on New York ; next
by registered letter. For fractional parU of
a dollar, send postage -stamps. Do not send
personal checks, especially for small sums,

Writing-Ruler.

The Writing-Ruler lias become a stand-
ard article with those who profess to have a
suitable outfit for practical writing. It is
to the writer what the chart and compass is
to the mariner. The Writing-Ruler is a re-
liable penmanship chart and compass, sent
by the JOURNAL on receipt of HO cents.

Oblique Attachment.
The newly invented straight and oblique
penholder combined will, we believe, super-
sede the use of all penholders, of the ob-
lique order, of which the rapidly increasing
demand gives abundant proof. It is twice
as valuable, yet sells for one-half the price
of old style obliques. The Journal mails
one for 12 centa and two for 20 cents.

Waves Above All.

Thirty-seven pages <if model writing
the Portfolit
nshipj whiel
twice as much matter as is atforde.l for
dollar in any other writing publicat:

The "Standard" is from unrivalled pen-
work, eogrAVed facsimile on steel. .Single
pages of it cost more than the cash invest-
ment made by parties issuing entire, so-
called self-instructors in scrappy form from
comparatively cheap process. As a first-
class work at * 1 , for self- instruction in prac-
tical ohiiography, it has no peer. All orders
for the Journal's edition of the Standard,
prompt attention.

^pl^g^pc-^

(The Convention.

Wf Acain call Htt<-iition to tin* Annual
<'..tiv<'iitHm of til.- rciiiiH-n nml BuRiue^
KducaUiTB, which M U* bf 1iel<] at Washing-
ton, P. C, on July imh to the I4tli.

Wiuhingtnu i» the handvointwt and most
int^r'-Mling city on our continent. It is
always a |il(-a8uro to go iht-rr.

Aminui.'incnts art* hcing inatlr- providing
for tlic comfoil and convpnicnce of incinbcrii.
and for hn\ing a rich and rare progmmine
r-m!h d»y during tliP m^saion.

Gimthuncn, also ladic-n, who aro interested
in huHinew cdncatiou in all or any of ito
l.niiicticfi, fihoiild write to H. C. Spencer, of
til.- Kx'Tutive Coinmitti-p. at Washington,
Jind stnir what topics they nro willing to
pn-Heiit^ and uanu' topirs which they deiiirr
to have diKCUMr-d. ThoM- who hnvo been
tliinking in spc-cial directions relating to
hriHinesg education should come fonrard
and givL- the hrncfit of their views.

Each one should contribute sonicthiug
to the puqinse of the meeting. Come
one, come all, and Imve a rt-gulnr feast of
good things.

tl«r and list uf twelve

(N. Y.) Businesa College, a letter and Hat of
tweniy-tiv« names aa subecribers to the Jotnu

^^^m^mii0-j

tei>. from piihli-shers and agents, of the most
notable systems of writing ol
I am pained to find the letters badly;
some cases cxecrabJy, written,
ence with steel-pen and penholder mauufac-
(nrers, brings loltens which indicate that a
flass of men most recreant to good vniting
are encaged in supplying the witrld with
writing materials. With a good system and
(.'ooil writing iinplemoQts, cannot experts, In
exemplifying their use, be found to act as
ngeniR for their introduction, circulation and
sale? Ans. — Experts with the pen are not
usually witling tu accept employment at the
Mtiiall sahiries offered poor writers ; ex-

A. N. Palmer of Ibe Cedar Rapids (luwa)
Buainees College, iit highly complimenied for
bis ckillful writing and eucceesful teaching bjl
the Evening CazttU of that city.

In our March issue, F. B. Lolhrop was
credited and thanked for the present of a copy
of Foster's Penmanship, when W, H. Lothrop,
of South Boston, was the gentleman entitled to
euoh credit and thanks.

G. B. Jones )ias lately been teaching writ-
ing-classes at Bergen, N- Y. The press paye
him a high compliment. It says : " Prof. Jones
has shown himself master of hie profession and
deKerving of every encouragement."

The graduating exercises of the New Jersey
Business College, conducted by Messrs. Miller
and Drake, at Newark, N. J., took place at the
Park Theatre, on the eveniog of March 21st.
We return our thanks for ticket of invitation
and regrets for our inability to be present.

During a recent visit to Detroit, Mich., we
had the pleasure of visiting our old friend Ira
Mayhew, who is conducting a successful busi-
ness college in that city. He is well-known
and highly esteemed by all clasees of educators.
We also visited the Goldsmith, Bryant &
by W. F. Jewell, which we found highly pros-
perou s.

could

opy-bnoks, and sell more pen aud inks
han poor writers now engaged in that
vork. Certainly it would be right and con-
listeiit to employ representative penmen to
meh those interests.

The " Hand-book" as a Premium.

We have decided to continue to mail,
until further notice, the "Hand-book" (in
paper) free to every person remitting \$1 for
a subscription or renewal to the Journal
for one year, or, for \$1.25, the book hand-
somely bound in cloth. Price of the book,
by mail, in cloth, \$1; in paper, 7.5 cents.
Liberal discount to teachers and agents.

W- .'all ihe allnilio,, ..f our readers t..
the new a.Ivertis.-ment .d' the Now England
Card Co., 7.i Nassau Street, N. Y. Persons
in want of goods will do well to give them
jin order. Their patrons commend them
highly, and we believe justly.

Extra Copies of the "Journal"

nill ho seal free to teachers aud others who

The Rev.'Juhn Jasper declines to argue
any more on scientific grouods that the sun
moves rouud the earth. He says that any-
body who disbelieves a plain aud uuec(uivn-
oal asaertiou of the iucpired Scriptures is an
infidel, on whom he wUl not waste words.

Remember that for \$1.00 yon can cet the
JouENAL one year, and a valuable book on
artistio penmanahip, free.

Specimens of penmanship worthy of mention
have been received as follows :

W. H. Lothrop, South Boston, a. letter.

W. J. Winslow, Dubuque, Iowa, a letter.

W. C. Bonbam, Sidney, Ohio, pen-drawing.

G. W. Ware, Bonhain, Texas, a lurd and
letter.

Wm. Robinson, Waahago, Ont.. a tetter and
Sourisbed bird.

J. D. Briant. Rac^land, La., a yruup of birds
with flourishing.

W. A. McCartney, Randolph, Pa., pen-draw-
ing and fiourisbing.

J. A. Willis, Tully, N. Y., a flourished bird
and card epecimens.

A. R. Merriam. Hiram College, Ohio, a let-
ter aud flourished bird.

W. S. Foringer. Kaylor Pa., a letter and
specimena of Hourishing.

W. P. Mackliu, St. Louis, Mo., a flourished
bird and specimens of writing.

A. E, Dewburst, Ulica, N. V., a flourished
bird and fancy card specimens.

J. H. Smith. lOaa Chestnut Street, Philadel-
phia, an elegantly -writ ten letter.

A. S. Dennis, a letter and two handsomely-
executed designs tor flourishing.

E. L. Burnett. Elmira (N. Y.) Business Col-
lege, flouiiehed birds and lettering.

E. F. Richardson, Horse Cave, Ky., a letter
and card-specimen and flourished swan.

1). W. Hoff, Des Moines, Iowa, a letter and
photographs of well-executed pen-drawings.

A. J. Taylor. Taylor's Business College.
Rochester, N. Y.. an elegantly-writlen letter.

C. L. Perry, Louisville, Ky., a letter and
club-list of eleven euhseribers to the Journal.

W. E. Ernst, Mendon, Micb., a letter and
several skillfully-executed specimens of flour-

C. W. Rice, Denver (Col.) Business College,
an elegantly-written letter and list of names
for the JoukNai..

C. N. Crandle, penman, Western Normal
College and Commercial Institute, Busheil, III.,
a letter and cards.

N. S. Beardsley, penman at Si. Paul (Minn )
Business College, a letter and list of subscribers
numbering fift«ea.

Musser, a veteran in the ranks of penmen,
r sixty-eight years of age, and penman at Smith-
ville (Ohio) Normal College, a handsomely-.
1 letter. T

J. M. Pearson, book-keeper for Spencer Sc
Taylor, Fort Worth, Texas, a letter in a free,
ensy, business style. The only improvement we
would suggest would be the omission of flour-

Mary D. Lacky, teacher in North Ave.. 2d
Ward School. Alleghany, Pa., writes a band-
some letter, in wuich she incloaex a very cred-
itable specimen of ambidextrous writing, by
Miss Emma Patton, a pupil under her tuition.

D. H. Farley, professor of penmanship and
book-keeping at State Normal School, Trenton,
N, J., a beautifully-written letter and several
elegant specimens of off-hand flourishing, some
of which will appear in a future issue of the

S, C, Williams, special teacher of penman-
ship and book-keeping in the public schools,
Lockport, N. Y., a letter and imperial photo of
an elaborate and very skillfully- executed pea-
drawing, embracing a portrait and memorial of
William Shakespeaie.

Breaking up a School.

We see by the dispatches that two boys
at Cumberland, Ohio, attempted to whip a
schoolteacher, and the teacher stabbed both
the boys, killing one instantly, and fatally
wounding the other. There is probably qo
position that has more annoyance than
teaching a eountry school, where there is a
lot of big boys who seem bent on mischief,
and whose highest atnbition is to whip the
teacher and turn him out doors. Occasion-
ally there is a school that becomes so hard
that no man will attempt to teach it, unless
he is a prize-fighter, aud then he does not
know anything but to fight. Sometimes the
appointment of a beautiful and accomplished
young lady as teacher of a hard school will
have a good effect, as she may be able to
win ibe big boys by kindness. We were
won that way once, and it would have been
all right, only another big boy who wanted
to be won also, got jealous and hit us in the
ear with a pair of skates. We remember of
attending one school that was about as hard
as could be. There were five or six boys
that made it a point to see that no teacher
remained in the school a full term. They
would do something mean and get him to
whip them, and they would all jump on him, .
and throw him out of doors, and he would
leave. Most people look on such boys as
pretty hard characters, but the rest of us,
who wanted school to be closed when skat-
ing was good, looked upon them as heroes, j
and we all wanted to Join the gang. One
winter the teacher was locked out doors,
and hit with a frozen snowball, and stood I
trowsers. aud he resigned and went to driv- I
ing team at a saw-mill. He said he had
got all the teaching school he wanted, any-
way. It was eariy in the winter term, and
the trustees tiew around for two weeks he-
fore they found a man to take the job. It
was splendid skating, and all the scholars
had a good time, and there was great regret
expressed, as we remember it, when it was
given out in church on Sunday that school
would open on Monday nmruing. After the
evening services the boys got together and
talked it over, and decided to give the new
teacher a week. It had been thawing a day
or two, and the boys were tired of skating,
so they thouyht they could afford to spend a
week educating themselves, and so they ;
gave him a week. On that evening we were
duly elected a member of the class of hard I
citize-js, aud we were to open the ball, and
do something had, get him to lick us, and I
then the hoys were to jump in and help. ,
M-nday rooming the school commenced,
and the teacher proved to be a sickly look-
ing, slim sort of a fellow, a timid nervous \
man, with a hand and &ce like a girL

Every time he looked at one of the boys
there seemed to be an expression on his face
as though he would say, " I hope you will
be good." When he had anything to say to
the scholars he said "please," and gave
other evidences of being pretty soft, we
thought. That morning the weather all
changed and it froze hard, and at recess t)ie
boys got together and said we would wind
uptbe school before noon, and go out on the
ice. It was our turn to be bad, aud it com-
menced right off. The big boys had to
carry in the Wood, aod lay it down (juietly
by the stove. We took in an armful and
dropped it on the fioor so that it shook the
building, aud loosened the stove-pipe. The
pipe came out of the chimney, and filled the
room with smoke, but it was put back, and
the slim, sickly teacher only reprimanded us.
and said that it must not occur again. We
jast ached to go after some more wood, but
there was no opportunity. Pretty soon the
teacher said we might go and get a pail t>f
water, and while at the well we decided to
stumble on entering the schoolroom, and
spill the water all over the floor, atid thus
give the sickly looking teacher a chance to
show what he was made of. The teacher
was near the stove, and we stumbled, and
the water went all over everything, wetting
sizing him up we had not noticed, befoie.
that his eyes were as black aa coal, and that
he seemed to be about eight feet high, but
as he looked at us we could see it plainly.
He seemed to read our thoughts, and knew
it was done on purpose, and we have always
thought he heard the hoys talking it over at
recess. Anyway, he jumped clear across
the room, grabbed us by the neck and sat us
down in the water ; then he lifted us up aud
shook U8S0 the teeth rattled ; then he seemed
to grab ua all over an<l just maul us. We
got a chance, once or twice, to look around
to the back seats, as he was revolving us
around on our axis, to see if the other boys
> help us put him out doors,
the most studious lot of big
books, and their lips were
moving in silent prayer. After the teacher
had mopped the floor with us, be took us hy
the slack of the pants, just as a dog would
carry a duck, and went to his desk aud got
a big hickory ruler, aud proceeded to dry
our pants. Well, it was the meanest way to
dry pants that ever was, and while it dried
them well enough, it left great ridges Inside
of them, that made a corrugated chair aliuost
a necessity. The hoys did not fulfill theirpart
of the programme, and when the teacher got
through drying our pants, and said, "Please
politeness was a perfect sham. We looked
at the boys as we went to our seat, but they
never looked up. We have witoeaaed con-
tested seats in the Legislature since, hut
never saw one that was so exciting as that
one in the old white schooluouse at the foot
of the hill. The teacher neverspoke during
the proceedings, and when it was over, he
looked even paler and more sickly than
when he had one hand in the hair that once
grew where we are now bald, while the
other was at work in the vineyard. But
none of the boys seemed to care to piUsh ou
to a sick man, and he taught that school
two terms, and never had to whip another
boy. There was something so impressive
about every movement of the delicate look-
ing teacher that the boys got to feeling
sorry for him, and they treated him real well.
It they didn't, he would have everlastingly
paralyzed the whole gang at once. The
slim, sickly teacher is an old man now, liv-
ing quietly in this State, with children as
old as we are, and we occasionally see him
and ask him if he remembers how we broke
up the school. He is feeble now, and walks
with a cane, but if we had to have a fight
with him, even now, we would hire a uiau
to do it.— P«A:'» Sun.

Now is the time to subscribe for the
JouHNAL, and begin with the year and new

were coming t
but they were
boys you ever
down in their

IM .Jot HVVI,

"Yours Truly."
Id looking over a collection of English
lettare, we have been struck with the variety
of manner in wliirh men and women, more
or lees known t.. fame, have begun and
endea their letters. These days of hurried
scrawU and " Complete Letter Writers " do
not fumiiih many specimens of quaintness
or originality in alyle, and our letters begin
all pretty inach the same way and end with
a " Youn truly " or a '* Yqure faitlifully " or
something equally terse ami trite. We have
noticed the books published as guides to
correspondence, on the other side of the
Atlantic, still supply some amusing speci-
mens of salutations and endings to letters
intended for the persual of sundry high and
mighty personages of church or state ; but
we are speaking of instaDties in which the
write reveals certain interesting peculiarities
of style and feeling. It is a pity that peo-
ple all affect now one set style which, while
it may he well bread and in "good form"
or business-like, effectually conceals the in-
tellectual or emotional ideniityof the writer.
One of the Pafltou letter*, written in 1447,
Rives much light on family relationships in

I coodoling not long after with Cecil, who
had lost his wife, sabscribes himself "Yours
ever beyond the pour of words to utter,"
although he begins with a plain and blunt
"Sir." The famous Dr. Donne speaks of
affectionatest servant," but is himself the
recipient of a letter from Ben Jonson, who
signs as " Yonr ever true lover." Few men
use such phrases now to each other in ordi-
nary correspondence.

The length of tlie introduction and the
closing compliment in these old letters is
very remarkable. Thus Jeremy Taylor
winds up a letter with " Your most affec-
tionate and obliging friend and servant."
Jeremy would have found a postal-card
rather cramping to his effusive politeness
and gratitude. Mrs. Penruddock, writing a
last letter to her imprisoned husband, who
is about to be executed by Cromwell, closes
but constant wife, ever to love your ashes
even then no lady could abstain from post-
scripts ■- that the children "present their
duties" to their father, a prim remark that

or, in another humorotis epistle signing him-
self as, " Yours every third Wednesday.''
There is a greater dash of humor in the
style adopted by the elder Charles Mathews,
who, when acting in the city of New York
in 1822, after a time of epidemic yellow-
fever, was attacked by a clergyman as thcugb
he (Mathews) were responsible for the visi-
tation. He closed a letter of " chaff" and
remonstranoe to this worthy by subscribing
himself as " Most fraternally your obliged,
angelic, yellow-fever producing friend." In
a similiarly jocose strain, Charles Dickeas,
representing to a friend that Maclise and
himself bad fallen hopelessly in love with
Queen Victoria, who liad just married, de-
scribes himself as "Your distracted and
blighted friend," and iu a letter to Mary
Cowden Clarke signs himself " Y. G."—
The (darkened) " G. L. B.," he beiug in the
habit of calling himself in private theatri-
cals Young Gas and the Gas- Light Boy.

These are perhaps minor things, but they
help us to a clearer and fuller understanding
of the manners adopted by and in vogue
among correspondents at different periods;
and there is no doubt that thus iu many

C^THlliC ,

Ames's Hand-book of Artistic
_ I^Penmanship.Vil ]ni!Y^

The book, iu paper covers, is given free,
as a prciniun, with the Journal, one year,
for \$1 ; in cloth covers, for twenty-five cents
estra. The hook is certainly cheap at \$1,
and will be useful to all classes of persons
--young or old — in any occupation.

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The above cut reprcimU page IS of Amen' s "Hand-hook of Artistic Penmamhip "- a SS-page book, giviny all tlu pHncipUa and many detign
for Jhunthini,. mtk nearly thirty standard and artistic alphabeU. Mailed fi-ee until further notice, in paper i
extra in chth). to every person remitting ^1 for a subscription i - - -

book, by mail, in paper, 75 cents;

•iiewal for the "Journal.'
I cloth, fX.

Price of the

that remote aud dark day. Young William
Paston at Eton College, writing to his
tions aud clothes, addresses him as "Ryght
reverend and worchepful brodyr." This is
scarcely the style in which one brother ad-
dresses another to-day. The end of the
letter, too, gives the date " Wretyn the Sun-
day next after All Halowu Day with the
hand of your brodyr, William Paston," and
this was the practice, it is observable, for a
long time after.

Cardinal Wolsey, begins a letter to Dr.
Gardiner with the endearing formula, " My
owne goode Mastyr Secretary," and closes
it quaintly, thus: "Written hastely at
Ashor, with the rude and shackyng ban of
Your daily bedysmau. And assuryd friend."
Sir Thomas More, .m the other hand begins
a letter to his wife simply with these words :
" Mistress Alyce," and at the end he puts
the word " knight nfter his name. Such
stateliuess would scarcely be welcome to
modem foad wives, whose ideas as to affec-
tionate addresses are better met by Roger
Ascliam, wlieu he writes to his wife as "My
own good Margaret." Queen Elizabeth
gave a fine little touch of character when,
writing to remonstrate with Henry IV. of
France on becoming a Koman Catholic, she
signed her letter, "Your sister, if it he after
the old fashion; with the new I will have
nothing to do with. E. R." ; and Raleigh

clashes with the sorrowfulness of the oc-
casion and the preceding sentiment.

It is interesting to find John Locke sign-
servants " j and Nell Gwynne, who was un-
able to wield the pen, dictating a letter to
the Earl of Rochester as " Your most lov-
ing obedieut, faithful! humbel sarvant."
Poor Nell could not write and her aman-
uensis could not spell ! Colley Cibher ad-
dresses Mrs. Pilkington as "Thou frolic-
some farce of fortune," and follows up this
exhausting alliterative effort with yards of
counsel ; « bile Dr. Johnson, enraged at the
match his friend Mrs. Thrale was making
with the musicmaster Piozzi, signs himself,
"I was, I once was, madam, most truly
yourif, Sam. Johnson." Lawrence Sterne,
in writing to his daughter, also rings the
changes on time, and signs. " I am what I
ever was, and hope ever shall be. Thy af-
fectionate father." William Blake, the
poet- painter, characteristically writes to
Flaxman as "Dear Sculptor of Eternity,"
and Lord Nelson, just going mto battle
with the combined fleets of France and
Spain off Cadiz, makes time to write to
Lady Hamilton aa " My dear beloved Em-
ma, the dear friend of my bosom."

It is not surprising to find Charles Lamb
Sir, my friend," and closing bis letter with
" Your friend and docile pupil to io^traot ":

other old letters written in this country as
well as in England, would be discovered
clues to character and to the relationship in
which distinguished persons have stood
towards each other. A " modern instance"
of the way in which men will lightly and
without thought compliment each other in
their letters, was given recently in the hot
correspondence between U. S. Senator In-
galls, and Dr. Patton of the Baptist Weekly.
The Senator had expressed over the late
Ben. Hill, of Georgia, certain agnostic views
of death, and the Doctor took him to task
as an "infidel," in a letter. The Senator
replied with sarcasm, and the Doctor's
reiteration was equally strong and pointed.
But both men close their letters as though
they were dear friends who had been pour-
ing out the kindest expressions of attach-
ment ; and one of the leading daily papers
in commenting on the occurrence, has natur-
ally suggested that they should change their
styles of closing letters. " Yours very sin-
cerely " does not sound well at the end of a
letter that consigns you to eternal punish-
meut.— Gcj/er's Stationer.

The Hand - book ( in paper ) is now
offered fi^e as a premium to every person
remitting \$1 for one year's subscription to
the Journal. Or, handsomely bound in

outfll or nay drauKlitatnaQ."

Remember, you can get the Journal
one year, and a 75-cent book free, Jor \$i
or a \$J book and the Journal for |il.25.
Do your friends a favor by telKng them.

Sample copies of the Journ,
m receipt of price — ten oente.

ipDGKli^fEEmKSVE

X .

^1 ^

The above cuts of paper- headings i

i photo-engraved from pen-and-ink copy executed at the office of the ^'^ Journal " and i
practical application of pen-drawing to business pv/rposes.

'. given as examples of the

Scissorings.

He who goes out oft^o to "see a mac"
will 900D behold bo many that he'll feel
dizzy. — N. Y. Commercial Advertiser.

Sophronia: " What isphiloBophy f " It is
SDiiiethiag which euables a rich man to ^ay
there is no disgrace in being poor. — Ex-
change.

At.

I Diarriuge ceremony m one of
the Providence churches the contracting
parties were thirty minutes behind lime, and
the organ pealed out, " Oh, dear, what can
the matter be I "

The tirat young man who paid fifty cents
for a secret that would show him how to
double his money witlmut risk, was told to
double up the biggest hill he could find he-
fore putting it iu his pncket.

A btranger in a printing-office asked the
youngest apprentice what his rule for punc-
tuation was. " 1 set up as long as I can
hold my breath, then I put in a comma ;
when I gape, I insert a semicolon ; and
when I want a chew of tobacco, I make a
pantj;raph."

Sui>ERFiciAL Taljjers.— Dean Swift
says that the common tluenoy of speech, in
most men and womec, is owing to a scarcity
of words. Whoever is a master of lan-
guages, and has a mind full of ideas, will be
apt in speaking to hesitate upon the choice
of both ; whereaa common speakers have

only one set of words to clothe them in, and
these are always ready at the mouth, so
people come faster out of a church when it
is almost empty than when a crowd is at
the door.

Spurgeon says be has often thought, when
hearing certain preachers of a high order
speaking to the young, that they must have
understood the Lord to f>ay, " Peed my
rameleopards," instead of" Feed my lambs";
for nothing but giraffes could reach any
spiritual food from the lofty rack on which
they place it.

A keen student of human natnre must
have written the following : " When you see
a young man sailing down street shortly
after midnight with collar mashed down his
neck, you can make up your mind there's a
young girl crawling up stairs not far distant,
with her shoes under her arm and an extin-
guished lamp in her hands."

Small boy of eight (looking over piciure-
hook with boy often): "What's that?"
Smallboy oft^n: " Why, don't you knowf
That's a donkey ; haven't you ever seen a
donkey?" Small boy of eight (doubtfully):
" No.'* Small boy of ten (patronizingly) :
" Why, I have ; lota of 'em— in the Theo-
logical Gardens, you know."— Z»/e.

The collection of autograph letters left hy
Mr. Weed include some from every Presi-
dent of the United Slates— those from the
time of Madison having been written to Mr.
Weed himself; letters from most of the Re-
volutionary heroes, Lafayette and Baron
Steuben among themj two epistles from

Benedict Arnold ; and a host of others from
Golden Rule.

In taking up another notice, Mr. Beecher
adverted to what he called " lukewarm iult."
" I have spoken many times," he said,
" about notices written in pale ink, but all I
have heard was that I was getting too old
th' m in twilight, I will own up. There are
certain rules about notices: First, write
right ; then write black ; and as for proper
names, put them plain and correctly. Some
men know their own names so well that they
think everyone else knows theiii."

Hahnemann, the founder of the hom-
oeopathic school, was one day consulted hy
a wealthy English lord. The doctor listened
calmly to the patient. He took a small
phial, opened it, and held it under his lord-
ship's nose. " Smell ! Well, you are
cured." The lord asked, in surprise, "How
much do I owe you T " "A thousand francs,"
was the reply. The lord immediately pulled
out a bank-note and held it under the doc-
tor's nose, " Smell ! Well, you are paid."

Ask any man if he would cjirry one mil-
lion dollars in gold were he made a present
of that amount, and be would say Yes.
And yet what does it weigh f Let us see.
The standard gold dollar of the United
States contains of gold of nine-tenths fine-
ness 25.8 grains, and the standard silver dol-
lar contains of silver of nine-tenths fineness
^12.5 grains. One million slandard gold
dollars consequently weigh 25,800,0U0
gr^ns, or 53^750 ounces troy, or 4,496i

pounds troy, of 5,7t;fJ grains each, or 3685.-
71 pounds a'-oirdupois, of 7, OUO grains each.
One million standard silver dollars weigh
412,500,000 grains, or 850,875 ounces truy,
or 71,014.50 pounds troy, or 58,828.5/
pounds avoirdupois. In round number?,
the weight of one million dollars in stand-
ard gold coin is Ij tons; standard silver
coin, 20i tons; subsidiary silver coin, 25
tons; minor coin, five-cent nickel, lO'i
tons.

One day a high official passing through a
government office saw a man standing he-
fore the fire reading a newspaper. Hours
afterward, returning the same way, he wa-t
shocked to find the same man, legs extended,
before the same fire, still buried in the col-
umns of a newspaper. " Hello, sir ! " cried
the indignant head of the department, "what
are you doing ? " " Can't you eee what I am
doing?" was the answer. "Sir, I came
through this ofijce four hours ago, and found
you reading the paper; I return, and you are
stilt wasting your time in the same manner."
"Very true: you have stated the case to a
nicety." Hereupon tlie head of the depart-
ment naturally fires up. " What is your
name, sir ? " he . ays. " Well, I don't know
that my name is any aflair of yours — what
is your uariief" "Sir, I would have you
know that I am the so-and-so of the Pwst
office!" " Indeed ! well, I am very glad u>
hear it. I am, sir, simply one of the public
who has been kept waiting here for hour^
for an answer to a simple question, and I
shall be much obliged if yon will use your
influence to get me attended to." — £-^
dutnge.

!"'• Am .JoiHvvi.

Notice,

"iif sdirk of AimVd C<>tii[>PO(lianis is ex-
-fpd — uo inon- can be mailed. A revised
(jreatly improved editioo
-I- of jm-paratioD, and will be

The Latest and Best A.mkkica>- Atlas.
THE

National Indexed Atlas.

from Government & Special Surveys.

SCHOOL TEACHERS' SUPPLIES.

od PublUhen,

THE ELECTKIC LIGHT OF THE WEST.
And School of Telegraphy.

SPECIAL PENMANSl

DIRECT SUPERV
C- H. PEIRCE.

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goareoteed^u be vquftl lo ibBt found in tbe larger

e PEIRCERIAN METHOD o? IN STRUG Tlo5f

Prof. C. H. PEIRCE, President,

KROKIIK. IOWA-

SPENCERIAN
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PLATT R. SI'BNCKH. p

4-M. No vocntionH.

BUSI

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all for -JS m

N. E. CARD CO.

76 77 Nassau Street, New York.

PRICE LIST OF

Kanutactured k Sold by N. E. Card Jo.

eXpfl-SS. llltKi , ,,.;

' ^-^, will be

sent, bv expir-- '.. ,,

i' ■:■ ■.■■..■lif.ir.vthe

laigo L'xpiV" -

'>l;nii^. Amer-

■ ■• 1'-. U(l<-.: 4 lbs.

-■"'■ \\ '"■ '1' -.'■ :

■'■ ,i.''""li siTit this way,

1 ' > 1 rat-o and find them

1 ' tlone bv limit. Ex-

IH.'- ■_. ;

• iM ill iidvance. We

H'lll ,lJn, 1- :.US ..(; I

!-■ Fl«jral at above price

^iiuntities. which ca

Express Co. will take from

a loi- M. : \$5 to f 10 (or 8c.. which

henpc(*t way to remit that amount.

iHy be sent bv Post Office

(jnieror ntKi-^tcred Lilter.

Send for Price Li.st of Paper, Envelepes,
Presses, etc. Any foods wanted in the city
may be had at the lowest prices by ordering
through us.

Thanking the trade for their valuable
patronage besto.wed on us for tlie past 10
years at Woonsocket, R. I. (we being ob-
liged to take larger and better occonioda-
ticns. on account of increasing trade). We
respectfully solicit a ctmlinuancc- of the same

75-77 Naesan Street,

"^^m^

5Si^!?^5l^

FRED D ALLING'S

Superior Writing Inks.

FT o^rtJi/Utn ytart, i

Thay bMTa bma ■abjarlod U> (ha moal aiactiog Rod •■-

iiaaiJ paamaa. Mid tM«« rvccircd Uia bIfbMi IndorM-

daclmbla qiiklltla* of bne knd tMdj-.
EafMHAl ■ttaollon hu bMO girao to the pi«rtti»Uon of

iiuand* of mj pstroDi Uirviigbotit tha ooaDtrj

fa« ot Iha oriniooi of «xpcrto aa to tbcM tiDriT'

yoar Jnpftn lok the bMt ink miide fur peDmon
DK oramman u^p«njWOT ^^^j^^^^*^ °*J^ j,*|-y

ivavgrx BUBixiUfl Colliuk, Aagiuim. 0«.
ra tried your J(t|ian )nk rora«v»ral montfaa, vilb

It. PKtX)T dc 08U0UHR

>o«ar had aach p«rfeat nlu&cllon in tba me of

Monroe County Clkrk'b Officr,

^uil^ullyinu

I rMpeotfulIy,

Bctly

auBton. Mhm,. ^r<n>. I's. 18S0.

VtarSir; In ^ly to your intiuiry. I lakn pleaaura in

for Uila ofUea. bu Blwayi prove.l iltelf lu }>a8ieu molt
uktUlHlory quKlitUa. Youra truly.

« but I bave uauJ fur lb
. Very truly, J H, M

S?

1

dealgD
dialin;

u«Nltbe-D«!pBla«ri
Ailing, ut Rochwiar.N.Y

b°2f

1

Lfl, siipt.

9FFICK OP James Vick

Al.LlSO, Etq. *" " "'
r; During (he pnil «i(f/i

. v..'5<i

2:

ebMUB

A NEW BOOK. A NEW METHOD,

A Work of Surpa\$nng Beauty, Combining Instruction in

BOOK-KEEPING and PENMANSHIP.

By a simplf, fascinating and effective system of illustrations and ejcplanations.

a knotcUdge of the above branches may be acquired by the student,

unth comparatively little labor on the part of the teacher.

Better than the Best of its Predecessors.

The work baa recpivtd the highest endorflemenl of many of the moBt emiofiit commercial
teachers, who have prooouuced it " better than the best of its predecessors."
The completed book appeared September lOth. 1882. and has been already

Throughout the coutitry. Circulars contaiiiiug a large number of riagiiig testimonials, and
giving a depctnption of the book, its methods, contents, price, etc., will be mailed to any

A Reference-Book and Key Free of Charge

Will be furnished to eclmola adopting the work (and to schools only), by the use of which the
book can be introduced at any tim« without im-oiivenieuce. Address.

AVILLIA.MS & RO&ERS,

,-., ROCHESTER, N. Y.

THE LARGEST AND FINEST WORK OF THE KIND IN THE WORLD!

jilele Alpbnbets "f ull kinds, by tbe ipadiiiR I'en-Arll«ti of England. Prance aod Germany ; OruainenlB by niesler,
FuMubpre, a d Hegnier, of Paris nod Practical and Ornatiitintul Peninnniblp by all of tbe beat PfnmGa of the United
Stiitea. Also, nbaplm on Tearbinir PenmnnBhip, Busiiieas Letter- Wri'ing. OIT-IIand FlourigbiDg. How to Prepare

MNG'S (ifiLR, SILVER AND WHITE INKS How

LING'S ASSORTED COLORED INKS — Scarlet,
IING'S DEEP BLACK INK, -Ttacbi-ra of Penman-
PR ICES.
)<• HI -fc I li h '■ ^*'"ff'

DEEP BLACK INK FOR SCHOOLS.

I. per groat (packed iu l^gro.

Poumiui'H Ink Cabinot No. 1 (Prlue, S2)

^oDlAina the fuUuirlDg Inka: l-ox. bottle eaab of Japaj
, Violet, Oreen, Contraat Carmli "

I Ink Cabinet No. S (Price, S3)

Dllonring fuki; S-os. bottle eacb of Japan,
■'" " " " It Caniiloe, Scarlet.

^ ^ uou,«r.>.« andfc^.

SPECIAL NOTICE TO ACENTS.

iiodlDg (he ■«]•
Hivir luna Tt\u be fumldied in fumntiu at tpanal ri
durtdprieu. nffonllag to oanvanen a lucrative ptnfiL

ladwe ten rent* Id atnmpa. for which ilipa bearin
HniplMaf the Colon oflnkai Caidaexmuledwith Japn
and Oroauicnial Inks ; Prioe-lial, with " Special Ratea t
Ageola," Clfpula«. Ho,, «i!l b« wnt. Addroa*.

FRED. D. AU/fl/G. Ink Manufacturer.

ROCHESTER, N. Y.

o pottal^ard rt-jvesU ft

OF TULLY. N

Y.,

onj, for thirty-fiT. c#n

«We dill
.—a aha

mt ilyl

•dSUM
rem MyW
■~ >° f»
M). thirty,

ll. (r.*ie.3<). »IM:

Lion, (1

h. lor fc.

mo«t *legiiDlly-WTltte

copia-

ji»t nh,t

36 CIRCULARS FREE.

I'H E

American Popular Dictionary

HisTOKr.

Ottawa, Camaha, January, 1
B«,mpliinet>taotlbe<eason.
with a trial-Bubacription, upou t

Quuk keeping aimplifled. A valuable book for b<

+-aL H. c. BAiutx, Box aoe, aa^ga^it. :

Blackboards

LAPILINUM fSlom-Cloth).

, Sunday

Rr.ll. %hllT, Uhe n map. Tritlionl Injurj-- OnMiiale.!
miirklng lurum. Superior etwible quaUliM.
PRICES.
.ul InctiM wicl*, I muklDg ■orfocv. per 1In«ar yard, 11.50
Mi •■ " 3 ■■ .. ■ 2.25

I'-H up Id to\\» of 12 yanU fla<'h. Sold In any quantity-

Black Diamond Slating

kl Brush d iti(?hM). 50 >

ipr luiially applied.
f'rrfect Salisfaction in
r MinM) - New York City,

The Packard Commercial Arithmetic,

Bv S. S. PACKARD, or Packard's Business Colleoe.

ASD DYRON HORTON, A.M.

IN TWO SEPARATE EDITIONS.

1. Complete. 320 pp.. krge ociaru. ■>. School. ■27.i pp., duodecii

bu [«aaed to iu flRh ihoiiuniJ

in Oof<>»>*r, hu met irilh a readf m
making— in t3T«>graphy. p«p*r aoi]

,|.idl,- 1

•phM

arked cl

iihnn>tio before the public.

e eery cbesp.

•. and mrtaiD aabjeola not applicable lo literary echooia! ' It ie a moet'clmrminf'boo'k'. "" """*"" "

Betail Prica: Complete Edition, J1.50; School Etiition, \$1.
Pna:s to Schools: Complete Edition, \$1 ; School Edition, 75 cents.

Miniieapolla" Mititi,;°Cft. //

.. Brj-.nt

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, 805 Broadway, New York.

• - Baaton,
HamlKuD, N.
Fordlinra, N.

ColToe Exr'bBngo; New V

York Produce Bi'ohal.i
Produce Exolianj
Public SdiooU

Pouffhkeepiie. N. Y.

Hurt ford, ' Ct'.
Naugaiuek, Cl.
EiutbamploQ, Mom.

ROLL BLACKBOARDS.

PRICES.

CARD BLACKBOARDS.

Plain. Witbout Sbelf.
18x24 JDohca ■ - .

^aV5iVi'ii!5,\'5i>kVVV»,-S\\Am'«^"iT^^XW

ESTERBROOK'S

p Serfes of

acHnnii pens

^OfioiAf^sTfti. PSA'S M use '■ ■ , , a

What kiiuwlult-

Wb«t

luuat worlli y !

ill should study.

.luld study.

Mj of dollars.

^'Iii' "i" i'^ i iroul.lesome liligation.

Whal 18 uiorf iniporlaut than "ologiea."
What will make thia study teachable.
What branch has been too ranch neglected.
What should be used in every school.
What every teacher should adopt at once.

L. L. L.;

UR.

FIFTY LAW
LESSONS.

first

111 pie copy t

PEXXE.>'*Sand ARTISTS' SUPPLIES.

Oh receipt of the prices annexing, wo wlU ft>r-
Wiin] by return of iiiatl, or l>y expttsi's iis Btttlei
aiiy urticle nnmed in the (oUowiitg UsL

Ry ordering from aa, patrons am rriy not only
Boppomptly. •~" ™*

Aiuea Compentlitiniol Om'l Pen mane hip, t4 W
Ames' Hook of Ainlmlictn. 1 M

Brl3t«l_BoatO,^- ihuk J_■^_■-,,, , jir'^lii M

Fix-nch B, B., 24xm', " " 78

*' 86x40, " " " 1 28

Black Ciu-il Board. 22i28, for white Inh .'.'. 60

Black Cards per 100 2ft

Black Curds per UiouBiutd, hy expt^H ....! 300

WhafB dr'lng-paper. hot-preaa, I5x2(l',8"'|5 /l^

" " " 17x22. 30 S 00

19x24, 20 2 20

II II II 21x30, i!3 a 7.^

Blank Bristol Board Carda, per 100 . " »

trinsor AKewton'i rapr sud Ind. ink. atiuk \ ot
Ornamental Caid«, 12 dwlgn*. per pack of 25 oatiIb.

bymaiL. «)

tour packs, 100 cards go

'^ :: ^ "^^■.v.v.v.v.".■.^■.v::::::: <»

1000 by exprta. 4 qO

Prepared Indian Ink, per bollle. by exprow 63

Gillott'.303 Steel Pens, per inw*.-.-. -. 1 83

SpenoeriRu No 1 exim for flg^inir "^^ S

The New Spence'riau Compemlh,m,°foi; 2, h'.i. '

P^^'nf P ™' '^°' iettPriW,' perdpi. :. " ! I! ! : 1 : 85

^w-qui r P<u. very fine, for dramng. dot 73

WillJanw's and Packanfe Oems 5 00

Coopdoo's Normal System of Pi'oiiriihing! \\'.'.'.'.'.'. 50

Paj-Bon. Dunion & Scribaer s MauML. 1 23

Sponireltubber. 2X3 in., very superior 50

Roll Blaoktioards. by expr«u,

nF?"^ 3*ij* >■'-■■■-■--■-■■-"•■•"-■■ 1 W
Stone Cloth, one yard wide, any lenglh per yiuii
«i^h°M*"'iV"** "'"m "■ "

^'2^1^'""?*' non*""' '" ""*' '"' *"*'" "'^^^^

i^e«°fo? m^e^an^ one-half of its est imfted cost. No
«ceive attention. DANIEL T. "JlMEs!** " *^

H"^; ILL'S MANUAL, ateKB*

D. APPLETON & CO., Publishers,

New York, Boston, Chicago, San Fkancisc

11.35

Ji» il miirtviaUij adnillcd to be Hit be:
trial /..r bhirltboarj in ,„e.

ORDERS PROMPTLY FILLED.
PENMAN'S ART JOURNAL,

A FREE GIfFi^

PAUOXA. KAK., JVov. tS, ISS!
blDK it ii .picndld. 1 am rnucU oblige,! for the beautiful
eeue. I .ban remember your firm berealter, and do you
.11 the good 1 ciw. R. M. GaAnAii.

COLUMBUS BUGGY CO.,

Manufacturers of

Strictly FtiisT-CLAss Vehicles Only.

COLUMBUS, OHIO-
lAi» at Kanw. City, Indi™n,»li, n„d Clncianaii-l 2-31

THE

Fifth Annual Meeting

OF AMERICA

Will be Md in the Cilij of Wnshington,D. C,
Beginning Tuestiay, July 10th,

AND CONTINUING FOUR DAYS,
a Convention worthy of the place and the profeMion.

PENMANSHIP.

itouruhing (difFerent designs)..

No. 5.— Plain HeavyBev^ (ajx4),Veryityii'sh'

sill 3miiiS'rB»s'co!.'i5ritite''aTtli>t ffiigt". nf

A^";

.f book-k

YOU WILL REGRET IT il yon do not send 50 cU.
and gr\ the " Pnx>e«dIop of the Fourtb Ueetlog o

3-«l> E«>kiik.Ia.

PARKKRS

FANCY COLORED INKS.

Assorted expressly for the use of Penmen and
writers.— Brilliant and Durable,

lass bottles (except gold, J-oi.) ;

sot on reoeipi of «l. Circular.

PARKER M'F-G CO..

WRITTEN CARDS.

oentB; Oili-edge. 22 ivnts; Bevel -edge, 25 oeuts; Bevel
Gilt-edge, turned corners, 30 «;nt»; IMnge oardi iytxj

Cedar Rapid:

Penmanship and Art Department
WESTERN NORMAL COLLEGE,

BushneU, IU.
Scholarship b penmanship departrenl, with di-

IsiM^noWameiitai ^^

^""from the " '*'"' o"'an'0''t*l penmanship, fr^b
^eciiuen of flourishing and business "wriilog^'.W '50
Whoiearm oopitals, vanety of capitals anfToombJ-

Penmen's chart (a-axaeVwiiVurti' ofeier^i Priii- *
ciples. figures, alphabeta. combinations, busi-

thtplictUet i.

Inoios

PHOTOLITHOGRAPHY
■rompt, economical and superior manne
■ Diploma* and Sptci\

ENORAVTNO.

Course Id
Omduatai

fwrtralts lo ord

C. N. CRANDLE. Manager,

3-12 BusuxELL, III.

Ill

'j ButinuM Volltfit, Kaokok, Iowa.

WEULS W. SWIFT.

MarloDvllIe. Onondaga County, New York,

Omrral NewMpaper SuhKription Agtnt, and
PubUsher of Swirr'B HASD-itooica op Lvk RKcu'sa.
kin'<?'^,?r'^"- ' " '™ "'"''^' Contenu: Black. 16

|;|-';_^;'; !■■■■■ - 1.i.i'-L.;' Aniline Inks, ete., eto.
'"' Recipes) Contents; Blaok, 28
Blut., 1 .,„.i.- K^i, , ki„ds : Uanuioel Qohl, Silver. 2
^ud», Wbitr, •, kiii.t., IndeUble, 5 kinds; Sympathetic,
22 kinds; Gloesy {all colors). Drawiog, Cartwn, India

Printing ink. Stencil Inks, Stamping and Canceling Hlui|

Special Offer The above SOct Handbook will

— — .. _. -,. ,jj^ j^^ ^^ . reii'um

JOUR.f AL a

itamps taken.' CInt

vear, or ll.fiO for boih Jot
Batomto*,

8-191

The Book-keeper

THE ONLY PAPER OF ITS

CHARACTER IN THE WORLD.

Published Fortnightly.

i Editor t.

Correspondents.

Devoted lo all matters of special interest
to Accoununts. Bankers. Merchants.
Manufacturers. Counting- room
Attaches. Instructors of Ac-
counts, and all persons
having to do with

Ancient and modern systems of Book-
keeping reviewed and exemplified.
Practical problems and questions discus-
sed and elucidated.
Subscription. \$2.00 per a

m. Smgle

prospective

the

Specimen copies scni

subscriuers.
An Agent wanted in every city
United States and Canada. Full com-
pensation guaranteed.

THt Book-keeper,
29 Wan en Street. New York.
Posl-Om<<- Address, V O R,,x : 1 26.

«'■'"'■ ">■ f' '°°- "■ "«""

riL.JOt!R»

'-

J-11

pulDBTO AUTHOHSHIP,

lien or by ma
Spruce SI .

de. g

'';"

imrr Pdblisck:

COMMON SCHOOL BOOK-KEEPING.

Bduptc'il to InUivii

II, ». iutVANT. Prlco by mat), \\.

d iictnloiiilca, Ity S. S. 1'/

rlli-stlnti-odiietio
'i'lilHiioixiliirwui-k, ivliivti ror tlie liisi mieeii
}-uira tins wujoyed a gi-eiiler mwiauro ol thc> luvor
of iiniut loiil wdiicutors tlmn liny other of simllur
9hnniutuv, iic»w upptiars In a new iind attractive
tjTogniphltttl dreaa and (freotly Impi-oveu ia

THE NEW

nnYANT A STRATTON'S

eorMiNiMHU'si: iuhik-ki i ting.

'1 liti IxMik In n grmit liikpi'uvumL'iit upon the
oia Million til Inmost all i-especb, nnd will bu
.'ouiid lu Uo Ihe i-eqiiirod work In bualnesacol-
ICKi'* and hlRh schools boltvr Uum any other
work now bolum Uiu public.

rVlBUK. OLAKEUAX, TAYLOB A CO.,
FOBUSH&BS,

FANCY CARDS!

TWELVE DESIGNS, ALL DIFFERENT.
TUK BBST ly TllS MARKET.

L pMk of 3S (srdi lant paMt-pftld, .... 90 oU.
SOD poat-pald, ^£0

1000, by ExpnM, (JO

Bwd fot Olnxdu. SAioplM SENT FREE.

D T A.yR8 906 BmaAwv Mm T«rt.

SPEJVGE^I^jy

>oluble
How from the pen,

I, therefore,

liability to

of color, but the use of them

Complaint* are conetantly made of the difficulty of geltinR good Ink; and as noveltiee
are continually being brought out, they are tried in the hope that tliey may prove free from the
usual defeou. Few of these succeed in perniauently securing tix\y share of public support. In
the meantime, inks of efliablished reputation, and manufactured with all the improvements that
long experience can suggest, are easily to be obtained.

It is aeceaeary to point out that many of the fancy inks at present in vogue '"

dyes, which tnrm no chemical combination in the pape:
if necessary, be aimply waahed out. The pleasant
thicken, of Bome of theae inks, are due to their being o
for writings of any importance is dangerous.

A true ink should form a chemical combination
of the air. This deposit is absolutely insoluble in wai
ink are properly proportioned, the black so formed r

BLUE BLACK

in the fibre of the papei. due to the action
ler. and when the ingredients in ihe fluid
emaina unimpaired for a great number of

FLUID.

liLUK Bi.ACK Fluid writes a beautiful blue col
willing, turns black, and becomes ao intense as can be de

It combines three important ijualilies — FLUIIHI'
absolutely reliable for all business papers.

The easy How from the pen, beauty of initial col
to get thick, render it superior to any similar preparaii'
for use in hot climates.

BuiTlsu Japan Ink. — Flows from the pen
use by persons of weak sight and fur card-wiitei
should thicken, add our Blue- Black Fluid.

If these inks cannot be obtained from your stationer, we will quote prices at which Q
and Pint bottles loiU he delivered. Express Paid.

Ivison, Blakeman, Taylor & Co.

753 and 755 Broadway, New York.

THE NEW

BRYANT & STRATTON
BOOK-KEEPING BLANKS,

Adapted for use with or without Text-Book,

and the only set recommended lo

accompany

"THE NEW

Bryant & Stratton
Counting-House-Bookkeeping."

COMMISSION 8
DRY GOODS S

ft GENERAL USB.

"JOHN D'S FAVORITE PEN.'

DANIEL SLOTE & CO.,

lNd 121 WiLUAM Street, New York.

THE DAY SPACING

H. W. KIBBE, Utica, N. Y.

The Leading Work on Commercial Law.
C^RHART'S

Class-Book of Commercial Law

IS NOW USED IN ALL THE LEATIING BUSINESS COLLEGES,

or pritfttto Itwiniolion. It oontain* a oomplete explanation ot busiQe»8-p«por. such us wUi. drafU, eheekt. bills of lad-
inff, TtoeipU and indaritTntnU. It also It*at« of eontracU partneTth\p. agency. inUrut and u«ury, taU of ptrional

SPECIAL RATES FOR INTRODUCTION.

C. E. CARHART,

PtiBOipftl ot the Albany Buslneu CoUega,
ALBANY, N. V.

tl CLECTRIC LIGHT." 310 Elegant Bxlei
L MovomMti-all different— «Mr«iog 45 pagt

pagea o

U.S.'"S

CHORTHAI

■riUn^r

roughly taagbl by i

itioo gnaranlMd. Send atamp k

■ HOLDER lot

^r.^T4r^rVrH^ ^

— 1

.^ >■ -v

AL,m TO Evi».

.b«rfwith «!«!.

lines l>emg separated at perfect intef
u rapidly as those made free band. 1

h!,\?^"™°M»

lines iDBy be varied. \iy turning a thu

any desired length or malerial.
Sent seonrely packed by expreu

orisonloUyor upoD

, uy pa,l o( Ih.

K

And

•a.'

mo«'i^

abte'\Tcl.*'nv

l^UH

/ibletest.

•Ign

C. E. SIC

Designer

andDral

UmiiD. Am. Ba

nkNote

NEW YOK

9, 18H0.

.,".

^

*S

Esg—

t'ewremel **««

::i:r.

patent T
T/arioM

Irnl

YARD E. JoMBB.

I

esigne

rand Dn

aftAman. wiUi

>. Appleton & Co.

Atlakta, GA

,1881.

r

ir

S

Esq.-

putUng them 1
he perfeotiou

sr.

very truly, M. J- (

Moore. Btu

neasUm

ind priw) il)ea> highly ; a i
SpenceriuD Oblique Pen.

SCRIPT RULERS.

practical turrns for the capital and tmaU tcnpt atpbalwU.
alto the figuTM, thus keeping e»er preeent and oooteni-
en( before the writer, correct forms for nrillDg. Th»e

edge. JOoU.

They an laTaluable to all n ho are seeking to Improi'
Uialr mittnf. AddrsM, PuiHAM'a Abt Jouksal.

TEACHERS' GUIDE.

NEW YORK, MAY, 1883.

Vol. VII.— No. 5.

LESSONS IN PRACTICAL WRITING.

No, XII. — By Henry C. Spencer.

Copi/riffltttd, May, ISSS. iy Speticer Brolherg.

•ecurilf . I

r boy'i patruD, and the ready x

Copy 1.

Carefully study this copy. Draw, with free hand, a square, and iMd a half s.|uarc
to its right side; divide highl into two equal parts, hy a horizontal line; within tliis figure,
strike, with wholearm-movement, the right curve and stem combined, forming the first
part of S and S, as per copy. Practice until you can strilte the first form handsomely,
then practice the full forms of the two capitals.

Is the stem made the full hight of the letters, in S and K t At what hight is the
small loop in Kt Wlien yon are able to execute these letters nicely, pass on to

Examine the copy critically to get a distinct mental inipressii>n of tlie forms. Note
the fullness of the compound, stem curves in S and X, ami the omission of the first curve
of stem in forming A ; also the fullness of the initial right curve in each of these letters.
The square-anJ-a-half may be profitably useij as an aid in securing slant and propi>rtions
of S, L, G. At what hight is the loop crossing in 5 and Lf At what higlit in G ?
arm, also, with forearm movement.

Copy 3.

The hight of these capitals is eight-ninths of the ruled space on medium-ruled pa-
per. In writing them lot the muscle of the forearm touch the edge of the desk lightly,
nud employ the amhined-mm>nnmt, as we have directed for current writing in previous
lesscms.

We omit particular descriptions of letters in this lesson; but each student of tlie
coune is requested to try and frame proper descriptions in his own words. We think he
ought now to be ablo to do this. It will prove good mental exercise and lead to a clear
apprcliension of tlie forms to bo written. When prepared by the preliminary study, ex-
ecute with a free movement, making the strokes in rapid succession, and springing the
pcu promptly in producing the simded parts. The monograms show the relations of
letters, and are given for study and practice.

Copy 4.

.jS=^/7^j^^</^/j^^

Wor.i-writing is now in order; it incorporates the improved capitals into your hand-
ivritmg. Do not f,vU to preserve the relative bights of emaU letters and capitals. Hon-
rstly and fairly criticise your own efforts, and always seek to have the Vat line the hest

Copy 5.

'^A-a^^^

ml approved the prevftiling tendeucy,

In preceding lessons, we have referred
among ready writers, to simplify the seript f<

It will be seen that in this copy we secure greater simplicity in the ff, K, S, and
0, hy om.tuug the final oval stroke in each stem, and in the L by omitting the initial
right curve. "

We aim to systematize the simpler or abbreviated forms, and present them in such
maouer that they may bo learned and adopted in current writing.

Here wo have a small family of letters which combine the compound curve or stem
with the reversed oval.

Again the siiuaro may be used as an aid to practice. Observe that the stein begins
about ouo-sixth below the full hight, outside of the squaii'.

Practice the exercise with wholearm-movement, and dwell upon the oval until you
can make the curves true.

Make left curve of stem in P, B, R, quite full, but be sure to merge it into shaded
right curve at middle hight Presevvo neat oval turns at base and top. Where does last
cur\'e of P cross the stem f At what higlit is the narrow loop formed in B and J2f
What direction or slant is given to the loop as it crosses the stemt What portion of
the width of the oval, in these three capitals, is on the rigtit of the stem above middle?
How is the B finished f How is the Ji finished! Sweep the curves without hitch or

cut, making the

Practice, also, with the forearm, sometimes called muscular-i
forms onc-and-a-half ruled spaces in hight.

Copy 7.

Coiiibined-movoment practice, bringing the forms down to practical size.

Study each capital and describe it in your own terms.

Word-practice is the final application and confirmation of what has been learned.

If the hand does not freely glide from letter to lettiT, in wcu-ds, lighten the anu-rest
upon tlie muscle, and the hand-rest on the nails of the third and fourth fingers, and just
hefon- beginning a word pass the pen right and left over the apace the word will occupy;
then go ahead and write the word.

Specimens.

This twelfth lesson brings us through the alphabet of capital lettiTs.

Wnuld it not be well to write a specimen to compare with your work previous to
entering upon these lessons. '

If you feel like it, write to the editr.r of the Jourkal what you and y.mr friends
think of the iinprovempnt you have made uj) tn the end of Lesson XIL, aud he will
recr>gnizr your communication throueh the Journal, for your benefit and the encourage-
ment of others wlio are studying, thinking and working for progress.

Our thirteenth lesson, to fnllow, in the June number, will present abundant material
for prnctice.

The Art of Book-keeping.

Not uv THo^r,\s Houd.

A literary friend of mine, who sets up for a wit and who is a little " touchy" at the
idea that .any one can say a better thing than himself, though really quite a clever fellow,
was bemoaning to me a few days ago the hiss of many of his best books, throuiih loaning
them to friends who had never returned them. His Crabbe, he said, had crawled away,
taken French leave, Moore liad been Supift to fallow, and that Time, meaning Pollock's
(of) Coorae, was for him no More. He had loved his Motherwell, and was particularly
sorry to lose that. His Hogg had run away, and he had not even saved his Hacon ; and
he wondered Wither they liad all gone, and if his friends had been mean enough to Hook
them.

To show him I was as Smart as he was, I replied that I knew he was a great Lover
of books, and Howitt it must Payne him to lose so many of them ; but if he )iad insti-
tuted a Tboreau Hunt after them, he might have Lyttou some of them. But I told him,
although I knew he was a very p(h)uuny fellow, I had read something like this Prior to
his telling me, and than he needn't think to Hood-wink me into beUeving that hig re-
marks were original. If he would always Keep his hooka, I told him, under Locke and
Key, where they would be secure as if he were to Stowe them away in Saxe, no one
would be able to Steele any more of them. I thought it A. Marvel], I said, that he
should appear bo Gay and be so Lamb-like, and not become Savage over his LosB-ing.

He thereupon' told me to go to the Dickens. He was mad because I was Whittier
than he was. — Ihe Judge.

AIM eJ«l KN.Vi:

Bt Paiti. Pastsor.

The prMCDt dincgasioD cd the sobject,
"Cad BusioeM-writiDp lie Taught f" has
led me t« a few reflectioM in that direclion,
which I crave indulgence of the readers of
the JouBSAL for preBeuting in bo crude find
baaty a dhape as my time renders necepsary.
I hope the brevity of my remarks may at
leat>t «d<i Bomething to their jHtb, else I
ehould feel ill satisfied indeed in trespass-
ing upon your patience in this number of
our favorite penman's paper.

And in the first place, I would like to
give my deBnition of buHneSS-writing. I
think there is some misundorstanding among
p«DtneD on this very important point, and
hence so much difference of opiniou. Buei-
nesjt-writing, as I look at it, is fhat form of
penmanship which is best suited to commer-
cial purposes. I don't caro what system it
may represent — I don't care if it doesn't
represent any ; my idea of good businees-
writing is simply that it shall possess the
qualities which are desirable in bueiuess cor-
respondence and book-keeping. And these
qualities, it seems to me, are three: Jst.
Legibility. 2d. Uniformity. 3d. liapidily.
I place legibility first, 1"
main requisite. No ban
the least bit slovenly or inexact is fit
to be put to any business purpose.
It would be contrary to the whole
system of mercantile affairs, where
everything depends upon the scrupu-
lous exactness and perfect order of
every item which goes to make up
the total result. Uniformity comes
next. This is the principle of beauty
of any style or system. It is the chief
charm of every attractive handwrit-
iug, and the only requisite necessary
1o make a good plain penman. Take
any handwriting you will- -the schbol-
pointed Italian script, the student's
llowing back-hand, the painstaking
author's up and down stroke — and
let it be uniform, let the slant be the
same throughout, the words and lines
at proper and equal distances apart,
and especially let the letters be of the
same bight and size, and the pro-
duct will be, in ioto, a beautiful hand-
writing, let accomplished critics say
what they will. Rapidity is com-
monly insisted upon as being the
chief requirement of a good business-
writer. I would not underrate it, by
any means, but it seems to me that
these other qualities which I have men- i
tioucd — legibility and uniformity — sur-
pass it in importance, and that either |
one of them, taken alone, is of more
value than rapidity. Of course, I presup-
pose that every legible and attractive pen-
man has acquired a good average rate of
speed— not a flashing pen, by any means,
but one which runs steadily along from line
to line, or column to column of figures, and
accomplishes a good deal in the lung run. I
know that if I were eneaging a young man
as a business* writer, I should very much
prefer phenomenal legibility and uniformity,
at the expense of rapidity, than phenomenal
rapidity at the expense of these other quali-
ties. Still.I knowthatthethree.in some rare
cases, can be perfectly combined, and suoh
a penman, of course, would be an acquisi-

Now about the question of leaching busi-
ness-writing. Accordlne to my definition
of it, and the analysis above, business-
writing as business-writing is not to be
taught so much as naturally possessed or
acquiredthj piactice. Can you teach legi-
bility t — no, but you can inculcate it, de-
mand it, show its necessity to the young
penman, and he will acquire it by bis own
efforts. Can you teach uniformity t — no,
but practice secures it. You can teach the
elements, and the slant, and the art of com-
bining and shading letters, but you cannot
teach the mnsoles and the nerres and the
eye to work iu suoh tine accord that every

stroke and touch shall blend :
of the whole, like the colors
or the chords of a symphony

1 the harmony . "There is no n)oin for donbt," he said,

of a painting "that the characters formed wiih the pen

This is the I by the hand are an index of the chBracter,

work of the individual himself; and some
writers are more fitted for it by nature than
others. .Some have an accurate eye, a deli-
rate touch, a clear perception of artisUe
metrical and attractive hafltpfi'ing- Rap-
idity, too. cannot be tau|lff; it 13 6nlirely
the gift or the acquirement of the individual,
and he will use it equally well, whether he
haa studied in the best Spencerian schools
or followed his own bent upon the rustic
copy - sheet of the country schoolhouse.
Some of our best business penmen are self-
taught. The great majority of them never
took a lesson of a writing-master in their
lives. They have practiced and toiled, un-
til whatever their individual style is— back-
hand, upright, long or short elant, flour-
ished or plain — it is fixed, harmonious, defi-
nite, and therefore attractive and business-
like upon the page.

Such, hastily expressed, are my own
views upon the subject of business-writing;
and were we all called to settle the matter
by vote, I should cast my ballot with
brother Ames — that business- writing can-
not be taught.

peculiarities and eoeeniricities of the man.
It is my belief that if n person accustomed
to writing wUh the rigbt-band were to lose
that member and to learn to write with the
left-hand, that the writing ^frould betniy the
same characteristics. I believe, too, that
if man were to lose both hands, and to learn
writing witli the toes, that all the essen-
tial featui-es of the writing would be i)re-

as H mental descripti(
handwriting f " was a

) giye a physical as well

I- from his

" I have known persons," he replied.
" who professed to be able to delineate the
entire physical and mental characteristics
of persons Tiylosamining their handwriting,
cve«-*« ti-Hhig jtheir stature, complexion,
triiipemuu-iit, color of eyes and hair,
whether spai'o or corpulent, etc., being
ecpially discriminating regarding peculiar
mental traits of character. This I regard
as :iii abstird and ridiculous extreme."

'* ^^'^itilll.^ then, is but an indication of
iiiiiitjil (liiuacteristics?"

"This I believe to be the correct view,
but even this must not be regarded as liter-

, thfy would be without
iblance."

"Catim>t a man studiously disguise his
handwriting!"

"With great "eare a writer may entirely
change the geueiral appearance of his «Tit-
iug. This may be done by a diange of slope,
size, or by using a widely difierent pen; yet,
in spite of all effort, his unconscious writing
habit will remain and be penieptible in all
the details of bis writing ; snch an effort
to disguise one's writing could be scarcdy
more successful than would bd-ft disguise
of the person to avoid recoguititm."

An eminent authority on handwriting
makes the following observations concern-
ing the handwriting of certain prominent

" If ever a signature c<uild be received as
indicative of the character of its o^vncr it is
that of Rosooe Conkliug— grand, gloomy
and peculiar." It stands out iu the relief of
the blackest ink from the paper. Scarcely
two lottera at the same angle; with intricate
and grotes<iue flourishes everywhere it cer-
tainly gives expression to the mental ramifi-
cations of tlie great unknown, so far as they
can be guessed at. It seems to sny,*My mas-
ter writes like no one else; I stand alone
among signatures.'

" Secretary Robert T. Lincoln writes

a band striUingl^ike that of ex-Prcsi-
I dent Hayes. Secretary MacVeagh's
signature^reseuibles some of those af-
I lixed to the Declaration— that is, it is
large, bold, antique and diatinguishcd-
looking. Kirk and Wiudom are neat
and legible penmen. Postmaster Gen-
eral James wiites prettily, with several
graceful little flourishes. Secretary
Hlaine's hand is large, bold and dis-
tinct, all letters and words being con-
nected throughout.

" General John A. Logan inscribes

I pkolo-entjraved from an ortt/inal fioui-iak by />. H. Farley, (eac/iei
and hoolc-lttping at the State Normal School, TTtnton, N. J.

Character in Writing.

■: Star

Mbnt

, Peculiarities Betrayed
iiv THE Pen.

SlGN'ATURRS OF CONKLING, LoGAN, SllER-

MAX, Maiione, Dana, Bkyant, Long-

Tliat the peculinr features of a man's
liaudwritiug afford a true index to the
iiharactvr and temperament of the writer, is
!i proposition wow generally accepted as
correct. It is claimed that the hand-
writing of different individuals diffoi-s in^ its
essential eharaeteristics as widely as does
the i)hysiognomy, style of dress and gen-
i-nil appearance and deportment of the
^vritei-s. An autograph especially, bpiug
writtL-n more frequently and usually with
uuire care and deliberation than other man-
uscript, is generally regarded as a reliable
index to the character of the writer. It ac-
quires a settled fonn that better portrays
his idiosyncrasies than a rt-nm of his ordi-
nary ^VTitiug. For the puipose of learning
the views of an expert on this interesting
subject, the writer visited the office of
Dauifl T. Ames, the editor of the Pen-
man's Art JoDBNAL, and au examiner, of
iiatiuiiiil reputation, on questions of forged
or .iiM.iitrd writings. The walls of the office
wert' civi-rcd with elaborate and elegant
spi'cimius of the caliigi-aphic art-
Mr. Ames, who ^s an enthusiast in his

ally correct iu all cases. It will not be
found to be true of children or persons
whose bauds or habits are unformed. From
the writing of such persons nothing can be
told regarding character, as their characters
are really undeveloped. And again, let any
person who has been in a position requiring
little or uo practice in writing be suddenly
placed in one requiring ra))id and constant
practice, there will be within a few day as
marked change in the entire appearance
and character of the writing. But in the
writing of adults who have hands formeil by
long practice there are habitual and marked
peculiarities which undoubtedly indicate
character."

"What is understood by the term ' char-
acter' as applied to handwriting?"

" It is the peculiar eccentricities of habit
m wTiting, as it is the figure, dress, etc., in
persons which readily and cei-tainly deter-
mine their identity."

" May there not be mistakes on the ques-
tion of identity!"

" Persons are never so identical iu form,
features, dress, habit, etc., as to be mistaken
byintiinate acquaintances, and usually where
a strong personal resemblance is apimrent
to stranfffirs it ceases to be so upon a more

lutiiii:iti M ;it,!iii So, two different

hfiii'i . "ly equal size, uniform

!*lo|M -III ly, iis a whole or in its

piciL-ii.t! < itui, i-ic-uii to the eye of a novice
or casual observer much the same appear-
ance; yet, to one familiar with them, or to

pn-h

5 black,
Sf'iiiitor Pendle-
.vbat siiiiilar thou^li
■l.r formed. Plain,
ueat and angular, it resembles the bold
English numuer of writing so much
aftected by ladies. General Joseph R.
Hawley's elegant and graceftil auto-
graph is familiar from its appearance
tm innumerable diplomas and othi-r
documents issued by the Centennial
1876. Alexander II,
writes hesitatingly iu a

Stephe

sessor of wh;
handwriting,
term to apply

f liaiidwritiui; is a proper
o a sea of broad horizontal
dashes, extending from one side of the
paper to the other, with here and there a
slight ripple of short, upwanl stems Iliin-
iiibal Hamlin iipparenlly M'astes as Utile

'W

ugh

apiie

iv... b..l,l II.

give emplm

the

effect. Sheridan's signature is as hold nw
dashing as one of his own fierce cavalr,
charges.

" ' General Hancock writes a beautifnlt
clcoi' and regular hand, which is unfurluii
ately disfigured by an unneoesflury profusiei
of heavy downward dashes

" Genera! Terry, the renowned Indim
fighter, is puuetilious iu his penmanshi[
writing clearly and graeei'ully. without tli
least attempt at ornameiilalioit. Gciieii
Burnwde contrived to make half a do/e;
words cover a whole page of conimevfii
paper, and this is uot by any ■■rdiu.ii
means, as bis huge, scrawling charai-ii r~
plain as those on a cireus poster, seemed t
literally ehuse each other down the put'''
or, rather, to be festooned over it like l)i
clusters of a wild grape vine.

"Among joumaliBts, generally, oik- ■
prepared to look for remarkably iih-t'''''
scrawls. That this is not alwnvs the .■■'''
numerous autographs in thii
prove. The latt* Bayard Taylc

coHccii"

ttire, nlthnugh slmtt-ing some sigDS of uu-
UBuat Qire, Ib written in an CJisy, ninning
hand, M |p^il>lo ns print. Admirers of
Chiirloji A. Dana would hardly iinagiiic that
his fine editorial.-* are nTJttcn in a small,
ncal hand, and with a pen dipped in violet

" William Cullcn Bryant wrote legibly
in an old-fasbtoncd stylo, thungh rather
Dcrvonnly toward the last. Eli PorkinK i»
a better penman than anyone wonld believe
npon his nnbaelted assertion. Bob Bur-
dettc of the Burlington Hatcket/e could,
with the neeessnry kno^vledgwof inathema-
tie», obtain » position in any mercantile
house as book keeper.

" I>'mgfellow writes in a really beautiful
Italian hand, and Wbittier and Holnics
rival him in their own peculiar .styles.
George Wa.shington Childs has a style of
penm.-uiship Mliirh Would appi-ar as well
at the bottom of a check as in the verses <.f
one of his far-famed elegies. Miinit Hal-
atead is certainly one of the wursl writei-s
in the whole world, and the sight of what
purports to be his signature would lead one
t" diiii))t the truth <>f tliis whole paiagi-apb."

It is worthy of note that nearly all the
leaders in tho Woman's Rights movement
write niascnline hands. This is especially
the .M^f. wilh T-.l.-i-elia Mntl. Anifliii

Bl , !'.:■.; ■.. \\. .1/ I.,... S, . „ li.

Letter-Writing.

Article V.
Br D. T. Ames.

In article No. IV. we treated of Cor-
respondence — exclusively business in ita
character— and presented under that head
numerous examples for letters.

We will now consider a class of cor-
reepondence — both business and social in Us
nature, and which is incident to all occupa-
tions of life— such as Letters of Application,
It is often desirable or necessary, on the
part of the person seeking employment, to
make application by letter. Such a letter
bec-omea, as it were, the writer's representa-
tive and agent, and wins, or fails to win,
place or favor, according to its merits.

Such letters should he in the beat pos-
sible style of strictly plain jienmanship ;
and in language the most direct and brief,
consistent with a dear, full statement of the
applicant's purpose and qualifications. The
tone of the letter should be indicative of
dignity and self-respect, with a willingness
to render good service for a fair equivalent,
rather than that of a conaoiouR inferiority,
begging for favor.

by examples of letters of application.

t agui

P. O. Hox. l,Jo;j.

. New Yohk.
May lit. 16'S:i.

ilie fifrald tills day. I would any llint 1 am
sevfTitpeii years old and in good health; am a
graduate of the Nfw York College, and also
..!■ Packard's Businesa College, and have had
nenrly a year's expmence as book-keeper for
E. S. Hood A Co., whoae leatimonial, together
with olhei-s, I inclose. Present salary not bo
much an object as prospects for future advance-
reipu'st. Very Respectfully,

Jasees S. JoHN.S()X.

Jamkstown, N. y., Ma}/ Ut, JSS3.

PltOF. Wir-LIAM H. CONANT,

Conant Acndemy, Eden, Pn.
.Silt: — 1 am iiifuniied byoTmuIual friend.
Prof. E. C. \Voo<I ot this place, Xi.m you desire
lu Miipb)y a teacher of penmanebip and b....k-
ket-piiig. I wisb (o secuM such a postlion. I
am tweoty-iwo years old. in good health, em

/ // / If

lege, Cleveland, Ohio, and have taught writ-
ing, book ■ keeping, and other cimmeicial
branches, more or less, for three years past.
With whai success you can infer from the in
closed lestimonate.

Soliciting an early response, I am,
Very Respectfully,

SlDN-EV WltlGHT,

Box 27. Jamestown, N. Y.

Letters of Introduction.

The style of a letter of introduction should

vary widely, according to its nature and

purpose. If of a business nature, the letter

should be brief and to the purpose, and free

from compliments. If of a social nature,
greater effort at grace and style of diction
and polite compliments is permissible. In
each case the note should be given in an
unsealed envelope.

A business letter of introduction may be
properly presented in person, but that of
social introduction, by the rules of etiquette,
is required to he left at the door by the per-
son introduced, and the recipient should ac-
knowledge the same by calling, in a short
time, upon the person introduced. When a
card of introduction is used, the introducing
party shonld write, distinctly, at the lower
left-hand corner of card, the name of the

Letters op IIecommi:mj,\tion.

It i» very prvper thai persins whp are
about to employ a stranger iu position,
perhaps, of trust and responsibility —
should demand some guarantee respecting
his character and previous occupation.
This may be given through letters of recom-
mendation from previous employers or other
persons of well - known stjfcding." Such
favors may be properly solioitAl from em-
ployers and persons who ate iutimalfly ac-
quainted with the applicant's experience
and reliability. On the other hand, to ask
such a favor from a newly-made or uligiit
acquaintance, who has not the means of
knowing of the applicant's fitness, would be
an impertinence, and a request that shouM
not be granted.

An employer in granting a letter to an
employee should, in some manner, state the
reasons for the changed relation, lest there
bo an unfavorable inference upon the part
of the would-be new employer. A recom-
mendation may be general or s))ecial in its
character. A general recommendation is
one given to one removing to a new com-
munity, or, who, in a general way. is to
seek employment, while the grautiug of
such letters does not hold the triver to any
responsibility, in case ' the recipient may
prove to be untrustworthy, there is r cer-
tain moral obligation which should lead the
giver to exercise proper care to know
whereof he affirms, and not to make his
testimonial stronger thanhis knowledge will
warrant.

Our next article will relate to correspond-
ence of a friendly and social uatiiie, with
illustrations, plate-engraved Irom pen-and-
ink manuscript.

A Rat Among Postage-Stamps.
The American Bank Note C<uupany is
preparing designs for a new iwn-cent stamp.
In the manufacture of the staoips, for which
the contract is held by the company, the
greatest care is taken. The .''lieets of blank
paper are kept in a safe and are counted out
with all the care of greenbacks. Every
square inch of that p5ece i-f paper has to "1
be accounted for, either iu a perfect or im-
perfect condition, and when so much of it aa
equals the size of a postage-stamp is miss-
ing there is then trouble. Some time ago a
sheet of postage-stamps worth six doUara
disappeared and great excitement fol-
lowed. Every employe interested felt it to
be a critical time. All went' to work to
solve the mystery of the disapiiearance, aud
the whole matter was sifted and sifted until
it was made clear that the einployes were
innocent. Then a rat was suspected. At
length a rat-hole was discovered, and it was
penetrated far enough to reveal that the
animal was the thief, f->r part of the sheet
was found in the hole. This was nofsuf-
ticient. The work was continued until the
rat was discovered, and then the employes
were at peace. — St. Louis Republican.

Back Numbers of the "Journal."
Every mail brings inquiries respecting
back numbers. The following we ean-send,
and no others: All numbers of 1878; all
for 1879, except May and November; (or

1880, copies for months of January, I'ch-
ruary, April, May, June, August aid
December only remain; all numbers (--r

1881, and all for 1882, except June. It
will be noted that while Spencer's writiu^
lessons began with May, the second IeBS"u
was in the July number, so that the series
of lessons is unbroken by the absence <>'
the June number. Only a lew copies 'nT
several of tho numbers mentioned abov.-
remain, so that persons desiring all or any
part of them should order quickly. All the
51 numbers, back of 1883, will be mailed
for \$4.00, or any of the numbers at 10 cents
each.

m^sssmrnm-^

Educational Notes.

for this Departme

The average graduate of Ann Arbor
■peods \$1,750 duriog bis coane.—Ex.

The aggregate value of the echoulhouses
aud 8it«e of Nen- York State is \$;i9,3:l2,291.

The term at Oxford and Cambridge is
only lix moDths, the other eiz beiug yaca<
tioB.—Ex.

The gift of Paol Tulane to Louisiana for
edacatioual purposes is expected to yield au

Thp State has a right to educate its
ebitdren in Sve K's ; (o reading, 'riting,
and 'rithmetic it must add right and 'rong.
— Ii€V. Lyman A bbott.

Je«SDp, Pa., wants a high school, and
says, by way of ioducement to " some live,
energetic pedagogue": "We have abund-
ant material, and the nearest saloon is forty
miles away."

William H. Vanderbilt has lately added
\$IOO,(K)0 to his \$1,(M)0,U00 endowment of
Vanderbilt University. The late Mrs.
Atkinson, of Memphis, left the same insti-
tution *50,000.

Librarian Spofford aays the library of
Congress now contains, as nearly as may be
estimated or ascertained, 640,076 books aod
pamphlets, this being an increase of about
87,'J(H) during the year.

Out of a population of 25,000,000 Eng-
land seeds only 5,000 studenta to her great
universities. Scotland, with a population
of 4,000,000, has (:,.500 university students,
and Germany, with a population of 43,000,-
000, haa 22,500 studenta in her various uni-

Harvard haa students from every State in
the Union except Nebraska, Oregon and
Virginia. Besides, there are students from
the District of Columbia, Idaho, Montana,
Utah, Armenia (in Asia), Bahama Islands,
Japan, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and
Prussia.

Teachers in the public scbools of France
are now paid, on an average, but a trifle
over \$150 per annum. Thirty-two thous-
and women and fifty thousind men em-
ployed in this way under the Republic re-
ceive this salary. Educators were better off
under the Empire and the old regime. —
Notre Dame Scholastic.

London University, University College,
(Liverpool), the Royal University of Ire-
land, Cambridge University, four colleges in
igan, Oberlin, Vassar, Vermont University,
Kansas University, Iowa University, and a
dozen other institutions confer degrees upon
•womeji.—Notre Dame Scholastic.

The twenty-seventh annual catalogue of
Hillsdale College, Mich., shows the follow-
ing summary of attendance: Literary De-
Preparatory, Normal, and English courses,
561; Theological, 32; Commercial and
Telegraphic, 2U ; Music, 163; Art, 110.
Deducting the names entered more than
onoe, there remains a total of 751.

Museum, London, 1.500,000 ; Imperial
Library, St. Petersburg, l.00(MH)n: Royal
Library, Munich, 1.0(>0,(M»0; ItuyMl Lib-
rary, Beriio, 750,W)i\; University Library,
Strasborg, 513.04)0; University Library,
Leipsic, KUO.OOO; Grand Ducal Library,
Darmsiadt, 200,000 ; Royal Library, Copen-
hagen, 48'.;, 000; Imperial Library, Vienna,
440,000. This shows an increase, for the
first two named, of about 200 per cent, in
the last quarter of a century, while the in-
crease of the others named during the same
time shows a gain of from twenty to one
hundred per cent. — Anterican Bookseller.

Educational Fancies.

[In ever^ iuetance where the source of any
il«m used m this department is known, the
proper credit ia given. A like courtesy from
others will be appreciated.]

An old-fashioned coaching -club — the
schoolmaster's birch. — Tke Hook- keeper.

The Boston Public Library, the greatest
institution of its kind in thia country, num-
bers in the central library and its branches
420,150 volumes, of which the former has
302,258. The branches are at East Boston,
South Boston, Roxbury, Charles' own, South
End, North End, West Roxbury, Dorches-
ter, and Jamaica Plains. The issues dur-

1,040,553, a
years. The

es of books
IB62 have

ing the last current year were
slight falling off from previous
number of periodicals and ne
file was 707. The total iasu
since the organization in
amounted to 14,475,485 volumes.

According to the Encyclop<tdui Britan-
nicfi, the following are the statistics of books
in the ten principal Librariea of the world :
Imperial Library, Paris, 2,290,000; British

Very accurate language, the Chinese !
A sewing-circle is called in Chinese " chin-
chin."

Latin is a "dead language" — especially
when an inexperienced drug -clerk fools

A young ladies' seminary blew up the
other day down East. It is supposed that
a spark got into the powder-room.

We are enjoined by the good book to in-
crease and multiply, but some over-zealous
people go beyond this and have division in
their families.

" I hope you are a better boy, Willie,"
said a Sunday-school teacher to one of her
young hopefuls. " Gosh, I hain't been sick,"

A freshman hesitates on the word "con-
noisseur." Professor: "What do you call
a man that pretends to know everything? "

President: "What can you say of the
second law of thought T " Student : " It
cannot both be and not be. For example,
the door over there must be either shat or
open. It cannot be both shut and open."
President: "Give another illustration."
Student : " Well, take the case of another
door."— JTx.

Prof. Blackie once chalked on his notice-
board in college : " The Professor is unable
to meet his classes to-morrow." A waggish
student removed the " c," leaving " lasses."
When the "Professor returned he noticed the
new rendering. Equal to the occasion, the
Professor quietly rubbed out the " 1," and
joined in tke hearty laughter of the asses.

Ancient Writing-Masters—

n.^T TuET Did a,vi. What Thev Didn't.

By B. F. Kblley.
As "the heathen Chinee is peculiar" and
eir claims to an ante-creation origin seem
rest on insufficient foundation, we believe
that, as far as can be learned
which may he accepted as
ng- master known
And even the

A Sunday school teacher ashed one of the
little girls in her class why the lions did not
eat up Daniel. She replied, " I guess God
told the lioua that Daniel was not good to

Why doth the little schoolboy swear
softly all the way home when he haa been
kept after school? Because "too much
World.

precisely like those worn by university men
and made by the aarae tailor. The only
way to tell which from t'other is to wait for

Geometry Class - room. — Professor :
" You do not eeem to have studied this very
carefully." Freshie (a little deaf), ex-
citedly: " Yes, sir, that is just what I am
trying to prove." — Ex.

" You can stick a pin in here," exclaimed
a Michigan country schoolteacher as he
elucidated a mathematical principle of un-
varying verity, and when he came to sit
down again the pin was there.

Mr. Andrews, translating Virgil : " 'Three
timea I strove to cast my arms about her
neck, and—' that's aa far as I got. Prof."
"WeU, Mr. Andrews, I think that was
quite far enough," was the ief\y.~Ex.

When a country schoolteacher in Ohio
can't agree with Webster's Dictionary as to
the pronunciation of a word, something haa
got to break, and it is Webster who most
always gets hxin.—Detroit Free Press.

Study of Greek: Mr. Froudo, in the
course of a recent lecture, stated that Cato
did not begin to learn the Greek language
until he was eighty-four years of age. The
boya of to-day tell their fathers that they are
anxious to follow the example of Cato.

Freshie: " What is the derivation of the
word ovation ?" Senior : " Ovation, my
little fellow, comes from the Latin word '
OTMiH, an egg. It arose from the custom of
applying rotten eggs to distinguished politi-
cal speakers, which was called giving them
an. ovation." — Ex.

from an

reliable, the first

fact that he officiated in that capacity has

been thought questionable, notwithstanding

the repeated affirmative asseverations of a

people inhabiting Arabia.

It is not claimed by this people, we be-
lieve, that Adam organized classes in pen-
manship, or advertised himself.as possibly he
might have done with more propriety than
some of the more modern writing-masters,
as "the best penman in the world," " the
King of Penmen," or even the " Prince,"
whose unrivalled system of penmanship
would transform the veriest dullard into an
accomplished penman in a course of tea
lesaona or money refunded. No, theSabeans
claim, only, that they have a written work
executed entirely by the hand of Adam.
" Adam f — long while ago," is the semi-
interrogatory, musingly uttered by the
reader. (We charitably trust it ie not the
ejaculation.)

Well, be the claim of the Sabeans true
or false, we have abundant testimony in
works in his library during that memorable
excursion in the Ark. (See D'Israeli's Curi-
osities of Literature.) And as this was
some time before the era of the art of print-
ing, it is but natural to suppose that the
volumes in Noah's library were written ones,
and this presupposes that they were written
by human beings — and writing-masters in
the past were always considered human be-
ings ; and thus the fact is established, beyond
controversy, that writing-masters existed
before the Flood. And these may have been,
for aught we know, the lineal descendants
that gentleman's Institution.

Of these writing-masters, with the single
exception of Adam, we know nothing.
They aeem to have been extremely reticent
concerning themselves. (The lineal descent
hereinbefore sugge-^ted as begiuning with
Adam, has not in this particular, it appears,
continued unbroken to the present time.)
Archipologists have, for centuries been en-
gaged in researches and investigations con-
cerning the origin, language, religion, man-
ners, customs, sciences, arts, and everything
pertaining to the people of the past, but
have never discovered any evidence of the
existence of anything like the circular of
the modern writing-master. And they,
with singular unanimity, agree that in

name of the penman by whom this is said
to have been written is Abishua, a grand-
son of Aaron, and the work is supposed to
have been executed three years alter the
dea'h of Moses. This is claimed by these
good Samaritans to be the oldest manu-
script in the world. The statement that
Abiahua always procured his clothing of
Nicoll the tailor, and that the manuscript
was executed with an "Ames's Penman's
Favorite " pen, are entirely unworthy of
credence.

From the date of the above manaacript
we are compelled to pasa on to a period
very much nearer our own before the work
of the writing-maater again appears. Just
what this period was cannot be definitely
determined. Manuscripts were found in the
long buried city of Herculaneum. But it
was not until the third century of our era
that the work of the writing-master began
to boom. Origen, alone, it is said, dictated
upward of six thousand works. Seven
secretariea and seven copyists, aided by an
uncertain number of ladies of uncertain age,
were, according to Eusebius, always at
work for him.

In the early part of the fourth century
Constantine commissioned Eusebiua to have
fifty copies ot the entire Greek Scriptures

From thi
the best ancient
Testament.

One of the mos
material used — w
by C(
sisted of

bably derived
pts of the Greek

3ofn

] author

ancient times there

could not have been, at

any one moment, n

ore than one person who

was the best jtenm

n or teacher of penman-

ship in the world.

But the world movea,

and now, where i

the county in all our

iunnt boast of the best,

or, at least, has n

t a " best " to boast for

himself?

The next work of a writing-master of
which we have any reliable record ia the
copy of the Pentateoch now preserved in a
Samaritan Synagogue at Nablous. The

anuscripta of
curious on account of the
a in the library founded
Constantinople. It con-
le hundred and twenty-
five feet in length, of one piece, prepared
from the intestines of an enormous serpent.
Upon this were written, in letters of gold,
the entire Iliad and Odyssey of Homer.
Another remarkable manuscript, consisted
of the Iliad, written in si
be inclosed in a walnut-shell.

The usual method pursued by t
in producing his worke was to dictate to an
amanuensia, called by the Latins, notaritis,
and by the Greeks, tachugraphos, (swift
writer). Thia was carefully copied by the
kalligraphos, ( now universally written
^e/fet/graphos ) meaning fine writer, and
denominated by the Latins, Ubrarius. The
manuscript was then submitted to the doki-
mazon for criticism and correction. In
those days it was nothing but fun to be an

Of the classic historians, Herodotus is the
most ancient, but there are no manuscript
copies of his works now known to exist
which can be considered of an earlier date
than the ninth century, the oldest being in
the library of Emmanuel College, Cam-
bridge, England. Of his famous work
there are in all not to exceed fifteen manu-
script copies.

There are about 1,000 manuscripts of the
New Testament, or parts of the same, about
fifty of which are thought to be upward of
one thousand years old. We will recall the
names of a few of the more celebrated of
these, the latin word code:c being used to
deaignate a manuscript book.

The Codex Alexandrinus, supposed to
have been written by a noble Egyptian
year 325. This consists of the Old and
New Testaments and the Apocrypha.
The manuscript is on parchment, the
writing being in straight rows of uncial
letters without divisions. Occasionally,
at the beginning of a line may be seen
a large ornamental letter, not for the
purpose of marking a new section, para-
graph or sentence, but apparently for ar-
tistic efl'ect. The ornamental letter may
be in the middle of a word, but is always at
the beginning of a line. This manuscript
was presented to King Charies I. by
Cyril Lucar, Patriarch of Constantinople in
lti28, and transferred to the British Museum
upon ita formation in 1753, where it still

The Codex Vaticanus was deposited in
the Vatican Library upon its establishment
about J450. ■ But little is known of its

origin, bat greater antiquity is claimed for it
than for tbe Alezandriao, bj, perhaps, a
quarter of a centary. Like llie latter, it
contained the whole of the Greek Bible,
bot some portiooa have been lost. The let-
ters bear a striking resemblaoce to those in
the manuscript rolls discovered in tbe mins
of Uerculaneum, which would seem to be
evidence of ita great antiqaity. la 1810,
Napoleon took it to pHris, where it was er-
atnined by many. After the battle of Water-
loo the librarian of tbe Hritish Mneeum be-
sought the Duke of WelliDglon to place it
where it might be accessible to scholars.
His reply was: "It is sUilen property and

The Codex Sinaiticus, thus named from
the place where it waa discovered, is thought
by many to be the most ancient and best, as
it is the most complete, copy of the New
Testament yet known. This was in part
discovered by Dr. Tiscbeudorf iu 1844, at
the Convent of St. Catharine on Mount
Sinai. He observed some parchment leaves
in a baaket of material for kindling bis fire,
and upon investigation they proved to be a
portion of a irianuscript of the Sepluagint
hitherto unknown. These fragmenta he
caused to be published soon after. In 1858
he obtained, at the same convent, the re-
maining portions of the Septuagint and the
entire New Testament, with the Epistle of
Barnabas, and portions of the Shepherd
of Hermas.

The three manuscripts mentioned are
doubtless tbe most noted of sacred
manuscripts, but the Codex Bez<c in the
library of Cambridge University, Eng-
land, and the Codex Ejihra^mi which
waa brought to France by Catharine de
Medici and which is now at the Imper-
ial Library at Paris, should not be
overlooked. This latter volume waa
for a long time supposed to be simply
the sermons of Ephraim, but waa sub-
sequently proven to have originally
contained portions of the Old and of
tbe New Testaments, and these were in
great measure restored.

Manuscripts taking the place of other
works previously erased, called palimp-
eesta, are very common, although copies
of tbe Sacred Scriptures were rarely
used in this manner. The conquest of
Egypt by the Saracens deprived Euro-
peans of the use of parchment, and ibia
will acxount for the great number of
palimpsests now eattant, as also for the
irretrievable loss of many ancient works

sentences. The following, with
of the arrangement: HEIS
UNI VERSALLYAC KNOWLEDGE DT
OBE THEBESTPEN MANINAM ERICA
HISWOKKHASNEVERBEENEQUAL
ED.

"I Thought I Wouldn't."

Two young journeymen mechanics were
working at their benches, on opposite sides
of a cabinet-maker's shop. They were both
about twenty-five years of age ; both mar-
ried; both healthy and intelligent. One of
them stopped his work, turned round
towards the other, and, leaning agaiost his
bench, thus accosted him : —

" Dick, I always thought you were quick-
tempered ; you used to be when you were a
boy. Now I think I am not quick-tem-
pered, but if the boss had talked to me as
he did to you yesterday, I believe I should
have knocked him down, let the consequen-
ces be what they might."

"Well, Tom, I am quick-tempered," re-
plied the person accosted as Dick; "and as
to knocking old Scoldera down, I had my

" To he sure, I reckoned you were right
as a sheet," said Tom ; " but I should like

from you. I believe I was aa white as you,
just at that moment, for I expected yoa
would drop him, sure."

" You are miataken, Tom," replied Dick;
•'I did not take hold of the hammer from
any impulse or design to use it, but * I
thought I wouldn't have it where I could
seize it and strike him without stirring out
of my tracks ; and so I pushed it over the
end of my bench, and it fell among the
shavings, and it took me a long while to
tind it when I wanted it again."

"WeU," said Tom, "I didn't believe I
could have stood what you did any how.
But yon use that expression * thought I
wouldn't, as if it waa a sort of favorite one ;
of arms, I should like to knowt"

" 'Sorter some, some sorter not,' aa they
say out West," replied Dick laughing :
but it is said that all the highest modes of
thought have a stereotyped expression, and
that is the reason, for instance, why those
who speak tbe English language are always
seeking for liberty expressed in the great
phrases which are so commonly used in
books, speeches and newspapers. So I
confess that I have got one little pet phrase
which, when I am in action, reads, ' I think
I won't,' and when I am pondering over
what I didn't do, signifies *I thought I
wouldn't.' And I think this phrase over a

Jimmy on my kuee, and oommencod telliDg
him a story while I put on his nightgown
and then got him into hia crib, where, aa I
was describing to him the old man's sheep
jumping over the wall — then another — and
then another — and then another — he went
over the wall with the twentieth, and wu
fast asleep.

" Then I cleared the table, and put awaj
the things till morning, raked out tbe fiiB
and got it a going, and took the baby and
placed it in tbe cradle. I got some cold
water and bathed Lucy's hands and face,
and smoothed down her bair with my hands,
{ magnetism, you think t well no matter,)
and placed a wet cloth above her forehead.
I asked her if she was better. ' Yes,' she
said, with a sweet smile, and fairly went to
sleep while she said so. So I got down a
book of travels and fr>rgot all about myself
for a couple of hours. Then I looked up,
and as I saw little Jimmy sleeping go
soundly and pleasantly in his (.rib, where he
had kicked himself out to the top of the bed-
clothes ; and the baby, too, dozing quietly
with her thumb in her mouth ; and Luoy
reposing so refreshingly, with a half smile
on her parched lipa, the fire now burning
brightly, and the rain beating against the
windows, I was glad I did not speak a
cross word to Lucy, and leave her sick and
alone with a deranged kitchen, a dull fire, a
fretful child, and a nursing baby. What
a brute I should have been if I had

"Yes, of course," said Tom rather
slowly, for he was just then impressed
with an idea that he, with all his good
temper, had ''done it" at a time not
very remote. But he regained his com-
posure by saying: — "Well, go on
Dick, this is as interesting aa a prize
tale."

of vail

what should have h
were erased and " the
sitions of classic Rou
psalms of a breviary

missal." Yet, however much we may
mourn the loss of these works of the an-
cient writing-master we shall ever be com-
forted by the consciousness that the bird
created and adorned by the modem writing-

regret that
immortal works

iverted into thi
the prayers of i

: it photo-engraved from an original Jlourith by Mr. Vaelav Vane, a pupil of
A. N. Palmer, at ike Cedar Itapids (Iowa) Butineaa ColUge.

" I have but little more to
tinned Dick. " I have com
matter a great deal, and the i
sider upon it, the

'I think X

sider tha'

r still I

to know what your thoughts were on this
'solemn occasion,' as they say."

Dick laid down his chisel, and turning
around, folded his arms, and replied.

" I thought I would, and then I thought
I wouldn't. When old Scoldem tiret found
fault with me, and began to scold me, and
finally got angry and abused me merely be-

} I would 1

the I

Although the erasure of noble works of
ancient profane writers and the substitution
of less important ones was said to have been
frequently done by pious monks, yet we are
told that these monks were not always de-
void of interest in the works of some pro-
fane authors, and that when they wanted a
sacred book to read, they would in their
silent language make a certain sign ; if they
wanted a book of a profaue writer, like
Virgil or Horace, they would add to the
usual sign that of scratching under tbe ear
like a dog, because, said they, an unbeliever

Literature.'')

The age of Greek manuscripts is deter-
mined in part by the form of letters used.
Those iu which the tmcxai letter is employed
being considered more than one thousand
years old, and those in which the curs-ine
style is used being thought less than that I
age. We .maintain that much that

style,

thought — no, it was not thinking,
ras only an impulse — it occurred to
I if I should only just smash his hat
ver his bloated face, and then give
I good bli .w under the left eye, which
umble him among the shavings pro-
isly— it would be serving him just
about right, for I was terrible angry. But
then I thought— and it was thinking, for it
came after the impulse, and restrained it —
then I thought that he was a great deal
older man than I was, and had a wife, and
sous and daughters grown up and married,
who would be very much shocked and
dog. {Vide "Curiosities of pained to hear that he had been treated iu
this way, and I thought, too, that I was in
bis employ, and could quit him at any mo-
ment if his service was intolerable, and that
it would be disgraceful to me to have it re-
and I thought how bad Lucy would feel if
t arrested for a breach of peace, or
made myself liable to be, and so I

ten to^drty belongs, emphatically, to the ; thought I wouldn't

cursiw jtyle. 1 " Ah, Dick," said Tom, " those were not

The old .minuscripts consist entirely of ' exacUy your feelings, when you took hold

large capital :lflttere without separation into | of your hammer and then dashed it away

great deal, and I confess it does me good
I'll tell you how I got into it.

"About a year ago, I went home one
damp, slushy, thawing night, rather late for
supper. Old Scoldem had been very cross
that day, and very insolent; and that, with
the unpleasant weather, made me feel very
cross, too, very. Well I got home. The
fire was almost out, the room uncomforta-
ble ; but supper was ready, and we sat
down at the table. Lucy did not seem in-
clined to talk, little Jimmy was fretful ; the
tea was weak and cold, and the toaet wasn't
made right. I felt very much annoyed, and
I thought I would just tell Lucy, in a confi-
dential sort of way, that the tea was only
slops, and that the toaet wasn't fit to throw
to the pigs, and that I would then put on
my hat, and go off to the Odd Fellows'
lodge earlier than usual, and serve her right.
But then I looked across the table at Lucy,
who sat there holding her baby, eating
nothing and looking pale and weary ; and
I noticed too that little Jimmy looked
flushed, as he sat there in his arm-chair;
and it occurred to me that it was just possi-
ble that my wife might be feeling ill, and
that little Jimmy was affected by the
weather, just like older folks, and that per-
haps this damp air affected the draught of
the chimney. I asked Lucy if she was ill,
a terrible nervous headache, so I thought I
wouldn't say anything about the tea and
toast, but I pursuaded Lucy to lay down on
the settee with the baby, while I took little

'' When old Scoldem is insolent to
, when anyone jostles me insultingly,
fellow-craftsman
idoly, my first impulse is to
his kind ; but when I con-
; will do me no good to do
it, ' I think I won't.' When I am an-
noyed by shortcomings at home, and
am tempted to find fault, I ask myself
if Lucy is not a good-tempered, in-
dustrious woman, a good motherand a
loving wife, and if I don't really think
she meant to do as well as she might under
the circumstances, and the sharp expression
never forms on my lips, because ' I think I
won't.' So when tbe children are too noisy,
or one of them is fretful, I think that noise
is oft preferable to constrained silence, and
that it is better to take the little fevered
hand in yours, and tell him about Gulliver
and the Lilliputians, than to cuff his ears
and send him outraged and crying to bed.
I am glad that I often ' think I won't.' I
feel that I have triumphed when I can say,
* I thought I wouldn't.' "

" Dick," said Tom, " can you give me a
scrap of paper 1 "

His friend examined his wallet and pro-
duced a piece.

" H^re," said he, " is the back of a letter
dropped to-day in the city post-office; it is
addressed to me, and a post-mark on it, too,
but as it is marked 'Paid,' I hope yoa
won't hurt it."

'* All the better for leaving your name
and date on it, Dick," said Tom, who pro-
ceeded to the desk, wrote something very
carefully on the paper, folded it, and put it
away in his pocketbook.

The two friends grew old together in their
native city. They both became prosperous
in their calling, and were noted for their
kindness to their workmen and servants, for
amenity to the community at large, and for
their domestic happiness. They were dis-
tinguished by civil honors, and were made
depositors of responsible trusts. They re-
mained fast and intimate friends, and it was

a s..orre of hsppiucM l
chtldrea intermaTripd. '

• lliein that Ibci
'hrimaa died «r.t
> ain^alar provis

*' lUm. I dircef that a ccrlaio sealed
paeka(;e,beariDg my nattie, shall be delivered
to my true and lire-loDg friend Rirhard Fel-
early iu life; it has been to mo a great
Booree of sneceM, and of domestic happi-
ne«». I rctriro it to hijn now j he does not
need it, but u-ill be glad to reeeivc it.

The mysterious package was' produced
and opened. It contained only a crumpled,
worn and somewhat soiled scrap of paper,
apparently a piece of a pirst-marked letter,

"July 1st, I8()(J."

RiciiAiiD FKiyros,

Circhlan.
"I TiioDoiiT I VVciiu.dn't."

SrhcUd.

not claim to write accurately — in fact, the
iuacciirucy of our writing is what makes it
business- like ; therefore, it is dangerous to
explain miuutely how the letters should be
made, for soine briebt-eyed little urchin will
bo euro to ask, "Say, Blister! why don't
you n)ake 'em like you tell ns to T "

Prof. T. laid great stress on muvcment,
and drilled the cIh»s nearly half the time on
"exercises" and such foolishness, but I con-
cluded not to say a word on the subject, for
I believe "the way to learn to write is to

HY a. SuRItMAN. '

I have the good fortune In he employed
as teacher of writing in an excellent com-
mercial sebo.d, I 111 I am iu trouble. Pro-
fessor T., iiy predcc.ss.T, was what is
tenned a "systeiiiali,: penman." Ho could
write like steel-plate, «ii bout a waver in his
lines, making ™pilal..,ll,,,t were really beau-
tiful, and small IcIIits as smriotli aud even
and perfect as could be imagined. He made
different styles of capitals, almost without
uumber, from the most contplex ornamental
to tho simplest abbreviated ; and he could
turn his pen around, raise his elbow, and
produce an nmaxing variety of beautiful
scrolls, birds and beasts o( every kind.

I give this description to show you that
he was by no means a business-writer. But
ing teacher, aud spend no time with " high
art " anil " system " and " scales of propor-
tion " BUtl all such nonsense ; but, as I said
at tlie start, I am in trouble, f.irthe students
here do not seem to properly appreciate
strictly busiuess-writing. I ha
distress from the very start, for
been in the oHlce morn than f.

write," aud

cisc" " and " comhined-

ratber lei each student use the movement

that ho finds the most natural and " free,"

and then there will be an " individuality "

in liie results that is certainly desirable.

Tho " indiviiluality " in some cases may be

avoided.

■kable fact that there has been
more interest taken in Prof. T.'s writing-
lessons than any other exercise in the school,
and when the writing hour came, aud I
stood belore the class for the first time, I
knew that every student was mentally com-
paring Prof. T. and myself, and as I saw,
in my imagination, the beautiful lines that
that class bad seen upon the long, smooth
bluckboard, I became somewhat dazed,
and for just a moment I lost faith, even in
my non-aystematio writing. I soon rallied,
h(»we'er, and made my opening speech j in-
troduced the joke; wrote the copy on the
lioard (a whole sentence, of course, for we
uever practice nor teach single letters or
"pieces of letters"), and proceeded to show
the advantages of inaccurate over accurals

clear case, hut I soon discovered by the
converted them all. One impudent young-
ster, who I must confess did write a remark-
ably correct hand, earnestly asked, if he
should write as well as ho could, or like the
copy; and another, showing me a few mis-
erable, scrawling lines, that were neariy as
bad as they could be, innocently inquired,
if that was inaccurate enough for me. One
boy complimented me by saying that he
liked ine for a tearher, first-rate ; for Prof
T. was always iiuding fault with his writ-
ing, but now the worse it was the better
it would please me. I do not wish it under-
stood that I made any such statement as
the above, or claimed that very inaccurate
writing was desirable, but I found that some
of the more philosophical of the class rea-
soned like this : if slightly inaccurate is bet-
ter than accurate, then very inaccurate is
better than slightly inaccurate. This puz-
zles me somewhat, and I would like to know
how far from the "systematic, high art
style " wo inusl diverge in order to make

The class has been under my instruction
two weeks, and I am sorry to say that most
of them seem to have lost all interest in Iho
subject, and evidently lliero is something
wrong. I have received many suggestions
from followers of the old school, bill they,
of course, are all blinded by prejudice. I
am told that a fine penman's skill alone is
a great inspiration to the earnest student,
for it shows him something to strive for, and,
further, that as soon as a pupil approxi-
mates the .-kill of his teacher, ho is very
liable to become satisfied with himself, then
progress stops. Another says, that as writ-
ing is a combination of artificial characters,
called letters, it is evident that there must
he an ideal form for every letter, and it is
by comparing his own work with that which
18 nearer tho ideal that the student sees his
faults, and is en.bled to correct them. Ha
also says that the successful teacher of writ-

d „. the co„«ruc,i„n ^r<,^:^:,:^ 1 2:^^::^ ^ ::rtz::t::^z

i gr'^iZ't'"™';' """.".'•"■" '"'^ Iheyhaveat^ore perf; t ,1 p n o'f
hiwL::,""' '" """' """""°* ' '!" '°™» "- «'-y - produce! hence
.have learned that it is the best policy .„ '^Tr^^T^ Lt',:' " """'' " ^'"''-

tho tlral inoruiDg, whou an elderly man
t'Hiup in Willi two larfip, elogantly-bound
l.ooltg, aud asked for Prof. T., llie teacher
of nftiiiimnsliip. I oxi>Iaincd to liim that I
Imd tlie honor Iu be the toacher of bnsiness-
M-ritiug iu that .school, and asliod what I
cuiild do fur him. He wauted a long in-
scription written in each of those boobs,
lusription books aud autufiraph books
causo nip a deal of uuhapi)ini's9; for, being
only a tPHoher of busiuess-writing and not
a real peutnan, too much is cKpeoted of me ;
bat, as I consider it a duty to educate the
doludc<l public up to a proper appreciation
ol the uon- systematic, nioetoeuth century,
busiuew style of writing, I uever refuse to
write anything. \ wroti' the inscription in
one of the hooks. The uihu looked at it
and then nt me, and, thiulciug T had mis-
umh'fstood him, repealed, very loudly, "I
«Hid I was luokiue for the penman of the
echord." I assured him thai I was the pen-
man, at which he looked at iho writing
again, shut tho book, said ho would write
in tlie other hiuiaelf, and walked out with-
*iut even thanking rue.

netore I bad eomph-toly recovered my-
Sflf I found that the writing hour was nearly
at hand, and I hastily reviewed my pro-
gramme for the initial lejson. I decided to
begin with a neat little speech, applying,
in a general way, to tho subject that would
luimediately rivet the attention of the elass.
and then I would show them tho folly of
trying to learu to write by rule; throw in a
little ji.kr., at the expense of tho '* so-wide,"
" so high," eiaudard system; give them a
copy, with a very brief explanation in r*..

of " business peomen, "' and- that everyone
of them had a different " theoyr " which
was just right, ahd all other "theories"
were nonseose, utter and absolute.

But this is enough to show you that I
need sympathy and counsel, and I anxiously

AH May Write a Good Hand.

While the sense of form may be more or
less a special gift, it is not to be supposed
that any persou is so totally deficient iu this
sense as to be devoid of the ability for cul-
ture. The senses— each and all— are sup-
posed to he possessed by most human beings;
hut in some they lie dormant for the want of
certain awakening influences, for a long
period, and at last spring suddenly to light as
ifnewlybornor miraculously created; while
in some it is possible for the latent power to
never find awakening; and yet, neverthe-
less, it has existence, deep down in the
depths of being, somewhere. The sense ol
form is one of these faculties; and though
it may he possessed in sufficient degree to
enable the one supposed to he deficient in it
to recognize the forms of both animate and
mate nature, to discern expression
igh its varying shades, trace effect back
use, or judge of the probable efl'ect of
)r that circumstance, nevertheless they
are supposed deficient in the sense of pro-
portion. Why they are supposed to he de-
ficient seems difficult to understand. They
other people. Very probably not. The
sense of seeing may be naturally less acute,
or it may not have fully learned to feel the
confidence that is found alone through tested
strength.

Xo one knows his strength in any direc-
tion until he has tried it. He may have
some comprehension of it, but not always a
just one.

The individual of largo self-esteem over-
estimates his ability to do. Nothing is be-
yond his power to achieve, until he has
failed repeatedly, aud has learned to know
his proper level. After that, there is abund-
ant hope for him, if he will plod his way
upward with persevering effort.

In direct contrast to this person, is the in-
dividual of small self-esteem. The uoble
powers may be all within him, but he un-
derrates himself. The fine appreciation, and
tho lofty hunger for progress may he keen
'en to ravenousness, but he does
not know his power to achieve. He thinks
if he only could, but ho halts between the
nobility of ambition and a timorousuess

born of doubt i
still. He needs
orajogof som

elf, aud he stands stock
inspiration, a stimulation
jrt to stir him up. Mod-
ch adds to merit, but lack
stumbling-block lo the

make the explau^tjuus very brief, fur the Another tells ,

proper ilevelopment of what
merit an intellect may possess.

We need to learn our ability to do; and
wo can never learn this except by an effort
in the right direction. Tliis is why so many
people think they can never acquire the
ability to write a g.tod baud. The work of a
fine penman seems so much beyond them.
They forget that the fine penman toiled iu
the direction uf perfeetiou, and was not
created as an off-hand eflWt of his Maker.

one doubts that. But suppose he had left
them to rust in idleness, or never studied
himself, or tested bis strength to learn of
their possession, would every trtuch of bis
pen or expression of his thought be an of-
fering of graco at the shrine of beauty f
Wo need not answer. Any one knows that
such a circumstance could never be brought
to pass. Perfection in any sphere or any
field of achievement is only gained by un-
ceasing effort. Likewise tbe effort must be
ilightened aud critical of self.
Neither faint -hearlcdness at failure or
rogance at seemiug success, will win for
ly the best
We should be

aid courage for a basis, together with the
searcbful, studious, reflective temperament
in striving, it would seem an impossibility
that any one save the maimed, or blind
could fail in acrjuiriug a good, plain, credit-
able style of penmanship. The art-sense
may not bo sufficiently powerful to make
elegant penmen of all. but writing iu its
simplicity should not he beyond tbe reach of
the middle-class ability supposed to belong

Incomprehensible conglomerationa are not
a necessity in a page of English composi-
able offences, and should be so considered.

If we are not all geniuses, surely we are
not all dullards. Wo have, at least, an
average ability in uiost directions. Nouo of
us would like to confess that we have not.
Some gifts of nature may be stronger than
others, and the special talents of each may
be altogether different from tbe special
talents of another, but no needed quality of
mind is supposed to be wholly deficient. If
there is not a total vacuum of any souse,
there exists the possibility for culture. The
one talent may be strengthened and in-
creased by the effort for its develipment.
The five talents left to rust and idleness
will do far less than the oue bravolv and
courageously strengthened by use. A good
style of writing may be nutural, but no one
overtook his pen in hand for the first time
who proceeded to write handsomely at the
first efi'urf. Study the lives of the most
celebrated penmen and learn if their status
of perfectness was won at a single ju'jip.
Observe, if, with all their artistic instincts,
they did not bungle at their specimens, over
and over, and fail of achieving their aspir-
ations repeatedly, until by their failure they
had learned their weakness, and learned, at
the same time, to guard against it by virtue
of the strength they also learned to be a
part of their possessions. Perfection of at-
tainment islo be struggled after, notgraspcd.
Understandingly, soandifully. critically,
must we struggle for the attainment of any
lofty purpose.

Over and over must we expect to fail, and
yet to win at last if wo nobly try. In the
art of writing, the principles of success are
synonymous with the principles of siicoess
iu any other direction. A creditable degree
of success may be reasonably expected by
deserving effort under each and every cir-

The measurements of merit may not lie
in tbe energy of effort alone, but energetic
eflort should iu every instance accomplish
something.

In this fact should ho found an inspira-
tion alike to tho amjIuliocS and faintliearted.
No one nejMt-Tail utteriy. Some success is
for evcry'one. Believiug thip, we may all
climb upward to something higher than we
have yet known. Supine inaneness is not
the properornecessary condition of anything
human. We must act. That all may write
H good hand, and alt sJwtdd write a good
hand, stands fur a clearly dcmr.ustratcd and
established fac

Writing-Ruler.
The Writiug-Kuler has become a s
ard arli<-le with those who profess to h
suitable outfit for practical writing,
to the writer what the chart and co
to the mariner. The Writing-Rule. _
liable penmanship chart and compass
hy tho JotJHNAL OQ receipt of ao ceutJ

ipass

8 he has known a number | be brave. With the p

8 iu any field of labor,
jdest, but likewise shoi

iciples of modesty

Send \$1 Bills.

We wish our patrons to bear iu mind that
payment for subscriptions we do not de-
-e postage -stamps, and that they should bi-
nt only for fractional parts of a d-dlar. A
dollar bill is much more convenient and safe
imit than the same amount in 1, 2 or a
stamps. The actual risk of remitting
money is slight — if properly directed, not
uiiscarriago will occur in one thousand.
Inclose the bills, and where letters contain-
ing money are sealed in presenc* of the
postmaster we will aunme all the risk.

A SLOWER PEX.

n flight.
tDighl:

Incorrect Penholding.

Ry CiLA^n>r,BR H. Peirck, of K^-okuli. Iowa.

Ian

(■(I to II

tin- 1

■'peu-

lii.Miiig," but sliall cluhii it Ity riglit of pos
session. Doulitless, when pen iind holder
wfie oonibintd in tlie goctgc-qiiiU. penhold-
ing WII8 literally true; but in thcao days,
when pen and holder aro not only separate,
hTif ftnitcd to every one's fancy ( and in each
eiisc the' liiil(l<T is liold instead of the pen ),
it is |tnti"r lo conclude that penholding is
anmiiy tlie Inst arts.

Directly iuid indirectly we find no less
than sixteen descrihahle diffcrcDues in in-
correct ponliolding, any ono of which may
and does exist in the beginning with all
cliis8o«, undpr all circu in stances, regardless

nditiv

Thv

(It-al

and oftbcts aro so iutorwoven
whirli will follow in their time. The points

Isl. Natural tendencies. ~~h\ attempting
t<. do anything, wo usually find the right
way hy doing the wrong way first. The
nattiral tendeney or inclination is to begin
hy liohling tlio pen in nnmy, many diflerent
ways, wliich «ro the results of awkwardness
or inability. This wmse is to bo applied to
children eif tarly growth, because, beyond
the earlier years, these tendencies are conn-
tenicted, and other things of etiual weight
take their pi. ice.

.Snd. Work prescribed too difficult will
invariably cause the ehibl to hold the pen
incon-i'ctly. The anxiety produced in at
tempting to jx'iform the vccpiired work,
leads the pupil to forget all else, and, in
conseijuenee, bus but the ono object in
view, viz., the rqiroduetiem «f the beauti-
ful engraved copy. The pujiils being of
different calibre, each having the same
copy, with 80UU' tlu* work will he too easy,
while witli others, too difficult.

The bust efl'-iits cannot ho secured iu
either case through any analogous reason-
ing, and, tlioref.ro, individual -instruction
should lake the place of class- instrnetion,
RO that criticisms could he .rendered of
value, and each impil placed at work
suited to his ability. Class-instruction is
far superior to none, but I do not deem it
at ali companibh' with a plan that renders
co.ent entirely dependent

Tiu

reached is. that, as long as the work is too
difficult, the ehild's mind is nbsorbed in tho
subject-matter, and hence uo attention ean
bo given to improvement in any other
direction.

3d. Weakness of the Jingera.

(a) Fle.\lhility of fii-st tinger.

{h) Stmightening of tlie upper joint of
the tlmmb.

This U a ualnral condition with young
children, and must he accepted and dealt
with as becoming eacli individual case.

The first finger usually bends inward,
and is drawn upward above the end of the
thumb, pushing tlio holder downward too
low, causing the pen to produce very heavy
lines. TIiu bone is not sufficiently devel-
oped, and tho slightest pressure causes the
efloct described.

Iu almost every ease the weakness is ag-
gravated by using short slaU- ami lead
pencils in the general work of the school.

I herewith present three remedies : 1st.
Use long jwncils, or else the short ones in
holder. Slid. Fa-^ten the holder or pencil
with a small cord or nibber-hand, by pass-
ing it around the first finger, near the third
joint. 3d. Hold the holder between fint
and second finger; this, however, is simply
choosing the 6m/ horn of the dilemma.

Straightening of the second joint in
thumb may he termed malformation. A
very small per cent, of pupils are thu.'»
afflicted.

I am not prepared to say that it is cur-
able, or that it materially affects the results.
I would counsel, however, that but little
attention be given the matter, and let the
results he what they may. I do not deem
it a serious impediment, but am not willing
to say that it is no impediment.

4th. Tfte weakness of the hand. — It con-
sists of drawing ll iu the smallest amount
of space possible, throwing the third and
fourth fingere out toward the left, and the
hand on its side. This, of course, will
spoil the slant of the writing, or, in other
words, produce vertical work. It is cur-
able, and is treated pro]ierlv iiud<'r Nos. 11
and 14.

5th. Curved Wi-ists,

(a) To the left— the rule.

(6) To the right— the exception.

An inward curve of the M'riat is a very
ccnninon afflicti.m with chihlreu. A little
proper training will generally overeonio it ;
but whatever the cltoif. tlic result must be

gained, •'. e., the wji-t mu-t sti-:ii!_''ii>ii, •■\u(]
the hand turn ii litilr in tlir il^hi ni' i^'utfi-.

In isolated cases wirt. aiiullv. wo tin.l tlir
hand turned too far to the riglit- The ob-
ject should he to overcome it by practicing
*No. a of Programmes " V " and " C"

Gth. Gripping holder too tightly. — This
produces, if continued long enough, para-
lysis or penman's enuiii). The pressure
causes the fingers to curve and draw the
liolder to an almost vertical position. Only
those who lack in skill are affl'cted in this
way.

Anxiety and earnestness assert them-
selves, Hud you have one enuso. Thoughts
flow freely and tho hand hastens to keep
pace. Houra of coustant strain work
disaster.

Stiffness of the band, fingers, and mus-
cles, caused by manual labor, is another
reason for gripping the holder; and still
another cause, a general weakness of the
muscles.

7th. Holding holder with thumb and first
finger.— This occurs usually with cliUdren,
though not strictly confined to tliem.

Sth. Holding first finger straight mth
holder is indulged in by tho few. The cure
is easily effected, and needs no special treat-
iiiont.

!nh. Holding the holder loith thujnb di-
rectly opposite first and second fingers.—
This, like many otiior effects, is caused hy
a general weakness of tlio baud and iingere,
the direct cause of premature infancy.
Cases can be cited that i)rove positively
that error in youth will show in old age.

10th. Holding the second and third fing-
er straight, and joined their entire length. —
Tliis is a little vestige of the old, old story
as it use<I to be sung. It does but little
damage in these days.

nth. Separating the second and third or
third and fourth fingers their entire length.
—The cause may be given but it is imma-
terial. Holding a cork or other substance
in the shape of an egg in the hollow of the
hand will effectually work a cure, or if the
band spreads too nmch, fasten the fingers
together with a baud or string.

lath. Supporting the hand on end of little
finger.— This is no sin, and where the habit
has become fixed, make no change, because
good results can be gained, and but little

1.3th. Holding holder icith bail ofiJiumb,
i.e., extending the thumb beyond first finger.
—This is wrong, and no skill worthy of
notice can be attained without the end of
thumb touching bolder. The joint must be
outward, not inward.

14th. Fingers grasping holder too far
from point o//)ffn.— This is a common error
and generally leads to throwing the hand
on its side. By lessening the distance from
end of finders to point of pen, the hand
will aysume the proper position.

loth. Holding the holder between the first
and second, second and third, third and
fourth fingers. — This is no penitentiary of-
fense, and will, perhaps, some day, bo con-
sidered as one of the ]»ropcr ways. It usually
breeds carelessness, and for this reason
alone I do not advocate its use.

16th. Clo.ting the hand entirely, and
grasping holder by letting it as.«w»i« an
almost horisontal position, touching thumb
its entire length, and extending beyond and
across first finger between first nnd second
joiuts. — The case in point is a 'Substitute for
the condition caused hy i>On- paralysis,

In conclusion, I would say, that the gen-
oral unsatisfactory results from all classes
of pupils is, in part, duo to the imperfect
holding of tho pen,

1. Natural inability — prevents.

2. Wrong impressions — prevents.

3. Ignorance-riM-e vents.

4. Carelessness — prevents.

All combined, form a bulwark almost im-
passable, and, if not dealt with properly,
the proportional results cannot be percept-
ibly better than when all was darkness.

Penmanship in Public Schools.

The question, "Howflhall I teach penman-
ship t" is no doubt asked by every teacher.
It is certainly one of great importance.
Teachers are like the remainder of human-
ity, either radical or indifferent in reference
to certain duties they have to perform. W©
tind one making a hobby of his penmanship
to the exclusion of other important sub-
jects; another, totally indifferent, thinks if he
can write so that it can be read he is doing
all that is required no matter how slow and
labored, or, if rapid, how devoid of form and
symmetrical combination. The latter has
obtained and holds the idea that penmen,
like poets, are " born, not made." No idea
could be more erroneous. We bear people
speak of "natural penman." How con-
soling to him who has devoted years to the
careful study and practice of the art. That
all are endowed with the same genius for
acquiring penmanship we would not claim
for a moment, any m
claim that all had the B:
iiuiring the other arts.

Wo look upon it, bo'
imbecility for a person to assert that he can-
not learn to write the twenty-six script cap-
itals and the twenty-six small letters, with
their proper arrangement in word and page,
in a good business-like style, neatly and
rapidly. Henry A. Spencer, one of the au-
thors of the justly famous Spencerian Sys-
tem of Penmanship, said, recently, in one
of a series of practical lessons in the Pen-
man's Art Journal, " Any person who

own.'" This, in our opinion, is a confession
of the too inefficient work of the teacher.
The young man finds that he must increase
his speed if he would meet the demands of
tho business world. To a great extent bus-
iness writers put themselves into their writ-
ing, or, in other words, exhibit their indi-
viduality. It is not he who undertakes to
put himself or bis style into the work of his
pupils, who does the best work, but he
who, full of enthusiasm and love for the
work, developes form and rapidity of execu-
tion, allowing tlie pupils to express their
individuality in their work, is the success-
ful teacher. It is difficult for teachers who
are poor penmen to inspire their pupils with
much love for the work, and I may say that
a large number of our public school teach-
ers are (piite indifferent writers.

It is not to he expected that all can he-
come adepts, but certainly, most of tnem
can, with little trouble, improve so as to do
efficient work in teaching. In most schools
we find the writing-book with printed or
engraved copies; this is objected to by
many, hut we believe it is almost a neces-
sity at the present time. No teacher should
use it exclusively, but should supplement
the blackboard and foolscap with move-
ment and dictation exercises. Every teacher
should be able to write well on the black-
boaril, for this is one of the essentials of
good teaching. Tho most successful teach-
ers of penmanship are those who use the
board most freely. It would surprise some
of our teachers to know what improvement
they could make by writing one line a day
on tho blackboard, as a copy, for one term,
trying to follow what is suggested by the
six S's— size, slant, space, shade and speed.
Copies of one word at a time are not enough.
Many persons can write words as they stand
alone very well, but fail in tlie arrangement
of the words in the page. Whole lines,
stanzas of poetry, business forms and let-
tors should be given frequently with definite
instructions, as to spacing and arrangement.
No careless practice should be allowed, for

of

rill 1

Careful study, combined with practi(
produce the desired effect. Labor
vincit.

, will

than we would
I aptitude for ao-

9 a mark of

and five fingers on either hand can, under
proper instruction, learn to write well."
Much has been done by business colleges
and special teachers to improve tlie penman-
ship of the people, and their efforts have
been, in some degree, successful ; yet a large
per cent, of our population are not reached,
and as they never got higher than the com-
mon school, their business qualifications are
therefore very meagre. They are taught to
write, or rather draw, a slow and cramped
hand, sacrificing movement to form. It
seems that we should aim to teach writing
as business men are expected to use it.
Form .ind movement should be taught at
the same time. Our long experience has
convinced us that this can be done, and
there is no reason why the young man at
school should not write just as rapidly and
bubinees-like as the one in business. We
have heard teachers say, "When our young
men go into business or hold positions in
business houses they break up the hand we
taught them and acquire a stylo of their

Just as he Wrote it.— The following
communicatitm, received hy us several days
ago, explains itself: "mr, EDITOR: en-
closed please find ms wlii(di I HOPE may
be accepted by yon for publication. In
tho event of yonr maldng USE ..f same,
please have PUINTEHS put iu type in
EX.'VC'T accordance with undersckrino,
punctuation, ETC , as per COPY. Print-
ers 1-requently take (JHEAT liberties
with MANUSCRIPT thereby DISTORTING
the AUTHOirS meaning aliiiM.t uevoni.
recognition. The PIHCE of rhe article is
Five DOhLAUS." We iilb.wed our com-
p..sitors to jirint the above in exa.-t accord-
ance M-ilh our fastidious C(nT*-spondent\s
lavishly underscored copy, and, after seeing
the proof, we are free to confess that we
would hesitate to print bis tubee-column
article as he desires it tsbonld appear for
less than NINE THOUSANO DOL-
LARS— CtHctnna(( Saturday Night.

How to Remit Money.

The best and safest way is by Post-office
Order, or a bank draft, on New York ; next,
by registered letter. For fractional parts of
a dollar, send postage-stamps. Do not send
personal checks, especially for email sums,

Inasmuch as tho Journal will, this
month, be mailed to many thousand persons
who have no knowledge of the character or
style of the premiums, one of which is
given fi-eo to every subscriber, we have
added four extra pages for the i)urpoBe of
inserting outs — reduced size — of a portion of
them.

AH I JOLKNAI.

And TEACHERS' GUIDE.

Piibliahed Monthly at 91 p«r Ye

SIdcU ln»ertloo. 30 omU pM lin* nonpareil.

"■""■ 50c. par line.

LIBERAL INDUCEMENTS.

mallod vlth 1

uy inbMrit
rulloprlog naj

It Stag..

i1 Picture of ProgreM 22i3S.

\'.'.'.'.'.'.'.19x2i.

18x22.

18e22.

■riplUin. at25ee

Wllhonl e
DUU the JOU
pienlumi, U

claim. What it d<>ee claim is, that alJ the
element* of gnod, practical writing can be
taugbt, and ehouM be acquired, in a school-
room, yiz., simple and correct forms, com*
hined with ease and ^race <>f movemeot ;
and that all this can be done more rapidly
aod certainly by placing before the pupil
some fixed aod unvarying form for stady,
and methods for practice, such as are found
in engraved or systematically written copies
thaD would be possible otherwise. With
an eye and judgment thus educated re-
specting form, taste cultivated and refined,
aod a free, rapid and graceful movement,
the pupil will then possess all the elements
of good " business- writing," except that
peculiar and inevitably necessary practice,
wherein the hand acquires the power lo do,
as it were, automatically, through the sheer
force of habit, that which as a learner has
required a constant exercise of thought, study
and care — in other words, mental supervi-
sion; and thus the formal and thoughtful
writing of the learner will gradually pass,
we might say How, into the thoughtless
ease and elegance of whiit we, and all the
world, except brother Brown, are wont to
recognize and denominate ' as "business-
writing." Such writing is formed in the

of

the

State and professional offices, but i
never yet encoimlnred it amoi

the

LONDON AOENOy.
SabtoripUoDj to the Pekhan'b Abt Jouhna
prompUy attended to by the

INTERNATIONAL NEWS COMPANY.

New York, May, 1883.

Id the Bi/si««s Cnilege Record for May
we are delighted to find, from the nimble pen
of our up-and-ready friend Brown, another
article iu which our position, respecting the
teaching of a business -baud writing la school
is re-assailed in a style that is vigorous, if not
aooihilating.

He says : " We were startled by (he
statement," (that business- writing could not
be taught) "because we believe if any
thing could be taught or imparted to one
persou by auother, business- writing could
be. W© think so stUl. We were starUed,
also, that snch a statemeut should come
from .Mir friend Ames— a man who has had
work, a teacher of penmanship, and pub
Usher of one of the greatest penmen's papers
in the worid. The conclusion was iue\-ita-
able, that if this statement be true, then all
teachers of penmanship, all systems of writ-
ing, and all penmanship publicationa (in-
cluding the Art Jourxal), are the most
complete and combined humbugs on earth,
because they aU cjaim to teac^ business-
penmanship."

Brown, for it haa never inado irny such

schoolroom ; nor do we expect
to, until we perchance visit brother Brown's
college. We believe be is honest when he
and a style that will not require to undergo
a change as soon as his pujiil leaves school ;
but we still believe be is mistaken. He pre-
sents no arguments, and, since "opinions
are opinions still," and prove nothing except
that, in this case, he is ready andapparently
determined to " fight it out on that line, if
it lakes all summer," we see nothing to
answer; but let us suppose that, through
his skillful instruction, and that of the very
excellent instructors associated with him, be

among his numerou
who are writing hands very
and with an approximate degr
They graduate : one enters an

IS a policy-clerk, where the criterion of

uccess is the excellence of his writing ;

becomes an entry-clerk in an active
mercantile house, where rush of business
from him the utmost effort, and speed
becomes his criterion ; the third becomes a

clerk, where "illegible writine " is a

aearly alike,
e of facility.

the pride, of hi

ters upon a professional
brother Brown's
falls from grace, and

a fourth
life, possibly
moral training
becomes

slowly upon wide-ruled paper, in a large,
strong hand ; another, a gentleman of means
and leisure, retires to his home, where, be-
yond a limited correspondencr, he writes
little or none. Suppose that, at the expira-
tion of one year, brother Brown should re-
ceive a letter from eachof hisfivegrafluates,
does be suppose tliat the letters would be so
alike that they would appear to be the same,
or that the writing of each would closely

This is a fair hypothesis. The band of
each will have undergone a transformation
and a modificaiiou, according to the circum-
stances, character and purpose of the sev-
eral writers. It would he safe to predict
that the writing of (be policy-clerk will
have improved in \\» symmetry and real ex-
cellence ; and possibly ll.at of the entry-
clerk, if he has not be*>n overtaxed in the
amount of work required, will have assumed
the ease and grace of a symmetrical busi-
ness-hand; that of the clergyman will have
become more stifl", formal and prominent,
adapted fo bis purpose ; that of the drone—
miscaUed gentleman— will be less changed
in its style, from lack of purpose and the
discipline uf habit ; while that of the lawyer
— weU, we will not describe that— perhaps
brother Brown can imagine it to still pie-
sent the same flowing grace of the "per-
fected and unchangeable bufliness- baud "
with which be equips all his graduates.

The New Era of Civil Service
Demands Good Penmanship.

Political favor and nepotism, almost since
the foundation of our Government, has con-
trolled the appointments to office under our
National and State regimes. Through con-
gressional legislation we now have the Civil
Service laws, which, if honestly admin-
istered, will redeem our country from the
curse of rewarding political henchmen and
parasites with office in preference to those
who are morally and intellectually better
t|ualified. If ours is indeed a republican
government, to be administered in ihe in-
terest of the masses of the people, the cus-
tom, derived from monarchical abuses, of
allowing place and power to follow favorit
ism and caste, must bo eliminated from ou;

The U. S. Civil Service C
have prepared rules which have been sanc-
tioned by President Arthur. On the recom-
mendation of postmasters, collectors, and
other officers, examiners in different parts
of the country are to be appointed to act
under the direction of the Comaiissioners.
Young and middle-aged men, under the pro-
visions of the law, can enter upon a com-
petitive examination for appointment to the
classified department service at the Nati<»nal
Capital, or the classified Customs and Post-
office services. The open competitive ex-
aminations are, in penmanship, elements of
book-keeping, fractions, per centage, in-
terest, discount, elements of the English
language, geography, history and govern-
ment of the United Stales. The examina-
tions are to be held at places conveniont for
applicants from the different States and
Territories.

OurGovernmentnow consistently demands
good writing at the hands of those receiving
appointment to office, and, in addition to
other qualifications, some knowledge of
bofik- keeping is made a requisite.

The Journal says Amen ! to Civil Ser-
vice Reform.

eighty nine, ant

Principal of th
..f the Northerr

is tiu' largest, a

The King Club

mtb uumh.rs one hundred and
and comes from E. K. Tsaa(;s,

inship Depiirlinent
Normal au<l Busi-

^o, lud. This club

,-itli on

Penmen and the Convention.

Brothers pennien: —The time for holding
the Fifth Annual Cmiventiun of the Busi-
ness Educators' and Penmen's Association
is near at hand. But one more issue of the
Journal will go out before that which
will contain a report of the proceedings of
that body. What shall be the work and
ncorri of tliL- penmen at that meeting? Wo
trust such as to do honor to themselves and
th-ir calling.

At the Cincinnati Convention there was
a large and enthusiastic representation of
pi'nmenj who contributed a liberal share to
the interest and value of its proceedings.
We trust that they will do no less at Wash-
ington.

As Chairman of the Penmen's Coniniittee
we hereby extend an earnest invitation to
all penmen of the United States and Can-
iuIh, who intend to be prrsriit, to at onoe

Journal, an<I makes »n
aggregate of over tico thousand subscribers
that have been sent from that Institution
within a period of about three years, which
is unparalleled by any other school, and
certainly indicates that the instruction in
writing is in the bauds of teachers euffi-
cicutly alive and skilled to awaken and
maintain a high degree of enthusiasm in
that department of the institution. The
Queen Club numbers thu-ty, and comes
from the Lawrence (Kas.) Business College,
and is sent by E. L. Mcllrav.-y, one of the
proprietoi's of the Institution. J. W. We.st-
crvelt, teacher of penmanship at Wood-
stock (Ontario) College, and D. H. Farley,
teacher of book-keeping and penmanship,
at the State Normal School, Trenton, N. J.,
each send clubs numbering twenty- fire

Successful Instruction in Writing.

We lately received from D. H. Fariey,
teacher of penmanship and book-keeping
at the State Normal School at Trenton,
N. J., specimens of ^vriting by 175 pupils,
mostly young ladies now under his tuition,
which represent an unusually high degree
of excellonco; and a noteworthy feature of
these specimens was, that witli very few
exceptions, they were all written with a
free forearm- movement. We have never
before examined so many specimens from
one school in which thert; was so uniform
and high degree of excelli-ncc in writing.
Mr. Farley is evidently the right man in
the right place, for if there is anywhere
demanded good instruction and correct
models for teaching writing, it is in our
uon.ial schools.

Prof. H. (■
Chairman

W ,

also, t..
. D C.

theAssoL-utu-:., ^;au;.^ ,a...l part, if any,
they will bo prepared to take in the ()ro-
cecdings.

Let there bea grand rally of the Knights-
o'- the -Quill, with armor gleaming and
bright from the constant mareholing and
drilling of the advancing ho.its of nspi-

The Common-sense Binder.

This cunwuieut recpta.-lc U- h.dding
and preserving the JOURNAL .-ihouhl be in
posses-sioii of every subscriber. It is to all
intents and purposes « complete binder, and
will contain all the numbers for four years.
Mailed for \$1.5(>.

Remember, that if you renew, or send io
your subscription to the Journal, you
will get a 75 c^nt book free, or a \$1 book
for 35 cents extra.

Responsibility for Merchandise,
etc.. Sent by Mail.

It occasionally happens that merchandise
and other things sent by mail are lost or
injured, and then the question arises as to
which is the loser, the seller or purchaser.
It is a well-established rule, in the absence
of any express understanding, that when
articles are properly put up and deposited
in the Post-office, the seller's responsibility
ceases and the risk of the purchaser begins.
It is the purchaser who chooses the mode of
transmission, and if he desires to lessen the
risk he imiy do so by requesting, and pay-
ing ten cents for, the registry of tlic jiack-
age, or having it sent by express.

In ail instances where parties are unwill-
ing to assume the ordinary risk of packages
by mail, they should remit ten cents for
registry.

Superintendent of the Schools of

Men of mark and genius are sought out
and called to fill high positions in educa-
tional work everywhere. The City of Broth-
eriy Love has recently oxempbfied this truth
by calling James MacAlister to the Super-
intendency of her great system of public
schools. Mr. MacAlister has, for some
years, had charge of tho public schools of
schools of that city have become widely
kiioipvn for tlieir excellent discipline, and
thorough standard of scholarship in all
branches embraced in their curriculum of
studies, including a practical educational
standard in penmanship.

For \$2 the Journal will be mailed one
year; also, a copy each of the "Standard
Practical Penmanship" and the "Hand-
book of Artistic Penmanship" (in paper
covers; 25 cents extra in cloth). Price
each, separate, \$1.

Condole with Him.

A Worthy objeiM for the coadoleoce and
Bympalhy of our special tbampioDB for

ulle,'

(lag

the

ears in another oulurno of tliii<
M-rtainly nceiis comforting. Will
■oirn look to hia case, and be
I oumforterf

I Penmanship.— In May 9th,
H7;t, Mr. M. B. Castle, of Sandwich, III.,
rivilod Mr. Gret-lcy to lecture there. The
Dear Sir : — I am overworked and growing
1<1. I shall hu 60 next Feb. 3. On the whole,
' "feoia [hat I muat decline to lecture heace-
irth. except in this immediate vicinity, if I do

dJfEouIties that may not be readily over-
come by practice.

L. A. K., Stony Fork, Pa.— Will there
be any reduction of rates of fare to persons
Koing to the Convention at Washington I
Atu.—Il is not probable that there will be,
aM thfre are not a sufficient number of at-
tendants to pass over any one route to in-
fluence a reduction of fare.

H. S

Bloomfield, Iowa. — 1st.

! not have the Art Journal

the month as other popular

s meant by

M. B. Castle, Sandwich, HI.

Tlie next epistle — being the rejoinder —
shows how admirably Mr. Castle succeeded
ill deciphering Horace's pothooks:

Sandwich, May itth.

New York Tribtme.
Dear Sir : — You acceptance t

pu;

iceeded, and would aay, your lii

me to hand
t being the
'lat« it

generally

difficult to

of Feb.," and terme— "|(>0,"
factory. Ab you nuggest,
get you other eugagementi
vicinity ; if bo, we will advise you.

Yours Respectfully,

M. B. Castle.
Note.— The above autngrai.h
fect/nc-.-iimt^e, and may be taken
specimen of the writing as it appeared
the body of Mr. Greeley's letter.

■e entirely Batic-
may be able to
thia immediate

AccORATE Book- KBEPiNO.— A count
lately made of tlie money and bonds in the
United States Treasury, amounting to
m';(rly half a billion dollars, shows an ex-
I'ss of three cents in favor of the Ti

Hymeneal.

On Wednesday evening. April 25th, Fielding
Bfhofield, tbe well-known Knighl of the Quill,
passed from the state of singje to that of double
blesBednesB. His fair partner in the new state
was Misa Sara Smith.of West Chatham, Mass.,
at which place the ceremony was performed.
The Chatham { Masa.) Monitor saya:
'■ Prof and Mrs. Schofield left town for thfiir
new home on Friday, anticipating a cordial re-
ception. The tour includes New York. Balti-
more and Washington, i^ Pennsylvania Cen-
tral, ^ From Washington they proceed to
Cincinnati, via B. &. O., stopping a few days
at each city, thence to St. Louis, and up the
Mississippi to the Gem City (Quincy, 111.) of
the West. That their future lives may be
bright and fair is the wish ot many friends."

On I

■ 3d i

Died.

, at Norwich, Conn

Pearl Preston, ag
the only daughter of I. S. Pres
moBl profound sympathy.

c months,
To the

W. A. P., Loominister, Mass. — I wish
you would inform me respeeUng the correct
position and style of writing for a peraon
wriUng with the left-hand? .4tw.— The
best position will be with the left-side to
the desk, and the wTiting may have either
a fonvanl or back slope, as you find to be
most convenienu We should, however,
advise the forward slope, and it presents no

Why cat
as early

monthlies ? 2d. What
" engrossing," as used in
3d. What kind of pens i
used in engrossing t 4th.
with a slow, medium or rapid
hand, and with what movement? Ana.
Ist. The publication of popular monthlies
is the primary business of their pub-
lishers, whose entire energy and resources
are concentrated for that purpose, and the
work of publication becomes a mere routine.
We have published the Journal incidental
to an extensive and laborious professional
business, of a nature often to interfere with
anything like routi
The plates used for
tions are of a character
prepare, and we have often been subjected
to the most harraasing delays for their en-
graving. It has been our endeavor to mail
the Journal not later than the middle of
each mouth, though occasionally it has been
later, but our reailers cau rely upon its
coming each month, and, we trust, with
greater regularity in the future than iu the
past. 2d and ,'Jd. The term " engrossing,
ordinarily signifies copying or recording
matter in a plain, bold, shaded hand, either
in script or text lettering, or one or both
styles combined. But in large cities
it has become quite common to present
elaborate and artistic memorials to the
families of deceased officers and members
of public bodies and associations; also,
complimentary resolutions and testimonials
to retiring officers and others for valuable
services. Such works are denominated as
" ornamental engrossing." In this work a
large variety of pens are used, ranging fi-om
the fine crow-quill to those one-eighth of an
inch broad. 4th. All such work is executed
on a slow, deliberate movement, except
ornamental flourishing, which should be

0.0.0.,Kirksvillc, Mo— Is it necessary
to be a good, plain writer before attempting
to learn oruamental penmanship? 2d. Are
all the exercises for flourishing, iu Plate 1
paper in one position, and in the same
direction as they are iu the Hand-book, or
may any flourish be made in the easiest
ilirectionT 3d. Is it prudent to study from
more than one system at a timet 4th.
What advantage is counting in penmau-
t*hipt flth. Can it be practiced in rapid
writing! 6th. Can a person learn pen-
manship successfully without it? 7tb. Is
all flourishing executed with the wholearm-
movement, and peuliolder reversed ? Ana.
Ist. No ; skill, in both plain and ornamental,
may bo acquired at the same time. The
study and practice of the one will be an aid
to the ..ther. 2d. Yes. :id. It U advisa-
ble to select the best system, and adhere to
it in all your practice. "A jack of all
trades is good at none " ; so a writer practic-
ing too great a variety will fail to attain a
Iiigh degree of excellence. 4th. In large
chi.'ises it aids to secure uniform work by
reguhitiug speed, and is often employed
and movement exercises. We deem
counting of little value for advanced pupils
and for rapid writing ; yet much depends
upon the teacher who is to employ it. Good
writing maybe ac<iuired, and good teaching
unting. 5th. All flourishing
\vith the wliolearm-move-
ment, but not necessarily with tlie pen
reversed. JIany skilled penmen flourish
with the pen in both positions.
A. L., Baltimore, Md.— Ist. Should not

an educational standard be n'cognized in
penmanship, as well a.s iu arithmetic, gram-
mar, science of accounts and other branches
of tecbnicallearuing ? 2d. Do those learn-
iog to ^vrite from the same sfandanl write
alike? ^n».— 1st. We believe that there
should be a recognized standard for writing,
but there seem to be a few cranks still living
who inveigh against having any published
standard of writing, arithmetic or language.
They are opposed to text-books ; but the
masses of American educators, we believe,
favor, and, no doubt, wisely adviicite, an
educational st;iudard for penmanship. 2d.
We answer; The natural difference of tem-
perament, mental and physical, and circum-
stances of people causes them inevitably to
write differently from the .same standard ;
to vowilize or play the same notes differ-
ently in music; render the same pieces iu
Even eiiiincut artists, sketching from the
same objects and landscjipes, while present-
ing views relatively correct, make the pic-
tures widely different in handiwork. Mod-
ulation, acceut and articulation arc plainly
different with all in -speaking the sanu-
language. The articulation of letters and
words with the hand and pen, from the
recognized standard of American writing,
shows natural differences, even in the
schoolroom and in mature years, become
intensified, more marked and prominent,
and constitute what is known as character-
istics or individuality in writing.

(i. W. Michaels, who ia conducting a pen-
t school at Oberlin, O., reports that he has
irolled 308 pupilc during four months past.

C. H, Havens, the skilled engraver of script
upon copper and eteel, ie now located at Har^
ford. Conn. Attention is invited to his card
in another column,

D. P. Lindaley, author of Takigraphy and
editor of the Shorthand -fVriteT, has removed
his office from 252 Broadway, New York, to
Plaiufield, N. J., where ho has aleo established
a School ot Takigraphy.

In our March iseue we noted the destruction
of E. K. Bryan's Busineaa College, with library
and valuables, at Canton, O. This, it Beems,
was incorreot, as it was his private reaide:ice,
and not his college, that was burned.

cises of the Spencerian Business College,
Washington, D. C. were held in Lincoln
Hall, on May 15lh. The graduates numbered
fifly-five, of whom seventeen were ladies. We
as a growing feature of our business colleges.

Cleveland ( O.) public schools, an elegantly-
wrilt«n letter. J. H. Smith, penman, Phila-
delphia, Pa., a letter and cards. S. C. Wil-
liams, special teacher of penmanship and hook-
keeping in public schools of Lockport, N. Y.,
a letter written in an elegant style of practical
writing. F. W. H. Wieflehahn. arliat-penman,
St. Louis, Mo., a letter and cards written in a
masterly style. W. H. Lothrop, of South
Boston, a letter written in excellent business
style; he also has our thanks lor favor in-
closed. E. D. Weslbrook, Mansfield (Pa.)
BuBinesB College, a letter. E. L. Bunieit,
Elmira, N. Y.. a letter. H. E. Dickinson,
teacher of writing, Morrill, Kan., a letter and
a set of oft-hand capitals. CJ. B. Jonea, Ber-
gen, N Y., a letter. C. A. Bush. Philadel-
phia, a letter. J. E. Soule, of B. &. S. Phila-
delphia BusiueBs College, an elegantly-written
letter. Wm. P. Macklin, St. Louis, Mo., a
letter. J. D. Briaut, Raceland, La,, specimen
of practical writing. H. M. Glunl, Union
City, lud., a flourished swan. Uriah McKee,
penman at Obetlin (O.) College, cards. C. A.
Tolland, Walnut, Iowa, a tlouriehed bird and
specimens of practical writing. E. L. Mc-
Ilravy, penman at the Lawrence (Kas.) Busi-
ness College, an elegantly- written letter, and
skillful ly-Hourished bird-in-the-c
L. ABire, Minneapolis, Minn., a
club-list of fifteen subscrihei-s to the JOURNAL.

: specimen.

When to Subscribe.

For several reasons it is desirable, that,
BO far as is practicjible, subscriptions should
begin with the year, yet it is entirely op-
tional with the subscriber as to when hia
subscription shall commence. Those who
may be specially interested in the very prac-
tical and valuable course of lessons com-
menced by Prof. H. C. Spencer may have
their subscriptions begin with the May
number, in which is the first lesson of the

should be

New Book.

E. L. Kellogg & Co., of New York City,
have issued "Talks on Teaching," by Francis
W.Parker (Quincy). Probably no volume
will attract the attention of American teach-
ers so much as this. The interest created by
Col. Parker in the Quincy Bchools has been
unparalleled. All through the country teachers
are asking the (juestion, " What are these New
Ideas*" This volume answers the question.

s dollai

Notice.

Our stock of the Centennial Picture ol
Progress, 22 x 28, being exhausted, and the
t lates, from which it was printed, destroyed,
it can no longer be sent free as a premium.
We, however, have a stock of size 28 x40;
finely printed on heavy plate-paper, which
will be mailed with a key as a premium,
for 25 cents extra. Many thousands of thia
picture have been sold by agents at \$2 per
copy. There ia no more interesting and
valuable picture for schoolroom or oflBce
than this.

' penmanship have

J. C. Miller, Icksbnry, Pa., a letter. C. H.
Peirce, of Peirce's Busineas College, Keokuk,
Iowa, a letter. M. J. Goldsmith, penman at
Moore's Business University, Atalanta, Ga., a
letter. Wm. Pettis, Chicago, Dl., a letter and
flourished birds. L. M. Kelchner, Light Street,
Pa., cards. - D. H. Farley, teacher of penman-
ship and book-keeping at the State Normal
School, Trenton, N. J., an elegantly-written
letter, and several original designs of Hourished
birdB— two of which appear elsewhere in this
iesue. D. A. GritHtlB, principal of the com-
mercial department of Arrin College, Waxa-
hachie, Texas, a flourished quiti and copy-
slips. C. C. Maring, Painsville, O., a fioely-
execuied bird - specimen. W. H. Patrick,
a splendidly-written letter. G. B. Laweon,
Gilroy, Col., a handsomely-written letter, and
several fine card-apecimeus. C. N. Crandle,
teacher of penmanship at BuBhnell College,
BuBhuell, 111., a handsomely-written letter.
A. A. Clark, auperiu ten dent of writing in

l^*To those subscribing at club rates,
the book will be sent (in paper) for 25
cents; ( in cloth ), 50 cents extra. Price of
book, by mail ( in paper covers ), 75 cents ;
cloth, \$1. Liberal discount to tp^chers and

Not Responsible.

It should be distinctly understood that
the editors of the Journal are not to be
held as indorsing anything outside of its
editorial columns; all communications not
objectionable in their character, nor devoid
of interest or merit, are received and pub-
lished; if any person differs, the columns
are equally open to him to Bay so and t«li

" A thing of beauty is a joy forever " — a
maxim that may be justly applied to D. T.
Ames's recently published " Hand-Book of
Artistic Penmanship," price seventy -five
cents, in paper; in cloth, one dollar. We
will fill all orders for the same on receipt of
price. — Student's Jourtial.

SKVKNTEKX AND SKVENTY.

Oh. gnaattt* no is b»r .mkM» chtit.
And In iliM BeMi« with lulled ba(r ;

Oh. "mndin* ■'«'(«

olbnm

1 b«r apnra ■Irioff

Do yon koow. my

iImt. '

..«.I«»i..hl»gt

'Til •nUmner nol

o. ffr»o

nnilp* belplMi s

f |iatUi1ogr««t,

ond and iirwl.
Urelong; dnj',

Ob. irraodina smoothM oi
And gMXM down at bar i
And It III alto I mile* lu ■

Civil Service Candidates.

Kleewbcrc, id the Jouknal, it n*iil be
8Ci-[i tli»t tlio (loveramcut makes good pen-
iiianBhip and au eletiifiiiary knowledge of
luink-kecpiDg rcquiaito among the (juali-
ticHtidus tif caodidHtcH for appoiotnieot to
iitlice. The Jouknal's complete edition of
Standard Practical Penmanship, in portfolio
cH&e, is a Belf-instructor which will enable
Icarncra to conform to the Governuicut
nlHudard for good wriliug. The work em-
branfs, not ouly elemoiitary and cninplt'te
writing, but gives twenty-tive pages vffac-
r»ru]8. The " Standard " is sent complete
by mail, for \$i.

Pens.

By W. p. Cooper.

At first gold pons had a great run, and
were pxcGC'diugly popular with the ecribcs.
As minjh by fault of dealers and manufac-
turers, lis through abuse and misapprehcn-
^iiin of writers, they lost caste — steel pens
taking their place. But for buslucss pur-
poses especially, e%'ideully good gold ones
are the pens ; and for professioual scribe's
work, when of the best, they are not sur-
passed. One idea aloue we mean : this pen's
durability (other things being etjual) gives
them preference over all others. Of course,
we find many reasons for commending a
g.ii.d gold pen.

A good gold pen of this sort writes

paper easier; shades more nniformly, and
seldom catches in the paper. It forces more
curve in writing, and hence gives greater
ease and legibility; and when once accus-
tomed tu tliese — fairly broke in — we write
far more rapidly than with any other pen.

With the above enumeration of good
points, why went these out of the market?
l'(4,iil(' bougiitthesepeus, not kuowing bnw
to use thrm ; they expected of the pen that
it would bear any amount of abuse— as deli-
cate a tool as it was. Tliey loaned and tossed
it about. All injuries from faults in hold-
ing, iu iuk, and in paper, were accredited to
tliift pen. We say, novices are, and have
been, careless. We may very likely say the
same of the scribes.

Wi- thought that the stefl stub, and the
little jdaliiia point, would bear l!ie same
boxing about and abuse of other pens. All
a mistnke.

Heoalling what we have seen through
forty years, we say, this pen has been
almost universally abused. Nineteen
writers in twenty would rap the jdatina
point on the inkstand; boats of people
would use the peu for years — treating it
exactly as ihey treat steel pens: never ex-
auniiing the delicate structure of the pens
Ht all. The p.duts were sure to be dis-
placed. Then the pens— of coiirne, worth-
less—would be thrown away. Perhaps
these pens suffer more from borrowing than
anything else. We could see no good rea-
son why the pen should not be loaned as

lend a first-rate gold pen. You are ac-
castomed to this pen— your friend is not ;
I you paid for it, and may be careful of it — he
looses nothing by breaking it, and is care-
less. He very likely writes under pressure,
and, having no habitual care of your pen,
abuses it. You, very likely, may have
learned how to use and care for it — not so
with him. Suppose you venture to lend
your pen to experts and the careful, at tirst;
next, you will lend it to any one.

The very nmarkable feature of this pen
is its point, or the two points imbedded in a
a soft metal. At its extreme tiny end you
find a particle, as, we may say, of platina.
These delicate drops, or particles, are easily
enough displaced. Of course, you must
always carry these points clear of any sub-
stance. If you will look after these awhile
you will theu care for them from habit.
Many keep these pens unguarded by a case
— a thing not to be thought of; when not
in use, the pen may as well be protected by
the case-cap as exposed to injury. Yoii
nejt need a pocket in which the case will
Dot be jammed, and in this pocket, carefully
pocketed and guarded, is the ouly proper
place for your pen when not using it your-
self.

You are a scribe, or, perhaps a student;
you want a first-rate gold pen ; you step
into the jeweler's to buy one : a good one
would be wortJi to you ten dollars. The
jeweler bands you h card with a dozen
splendidly put up. He gives you leave to
try them. (This, remember, is a courtesy.)

enough, and the platina points are skillfuUy
set in, the pens will bear proper grinding
to give the right finish and point. The ex-
treme points are generally cut with, not a
square, but an under bevel, and they are
cut oil' too much. The points of the two
nibs together make the real pen-point.
These, unless finished and polished with
great care (all of the edges being slightly
rounded), will rope and scratch.

Hold your pen up— the point being in a
line vertical to the eye ; look carefully and
directly at the end of the point ; if it is in
every way a superior pen, the double point
will be round, instead of square, and
very smooth, and together form almost
a complete point. The points or nibs, of
course, should, in size and thickness, be ex-
actly alike. If a pea write easy, fine and
clear, and produce and shade the stem
easily, {having a lively and strong spring),
it has good points to commend it. Now, it
may happen that the very first pen you try
is a good one. If so, put ui> the card, take
the pen — you can do no better. I say this,
because there can be no use of your soiling
pens, more or less by trial, that you don't
mean to purchase.

The quantity of gold in a pen baa very
little to do with its value to you. Let me
say to you again, you ought not to try
pens at all unless you hold them nearly in a
correct and square position. If you can't
do this, let another, who holds the peu
properly, try them for you, under your eye,
and you select or eh ose your pen. Once
in possession of a first-rate gold pen, as I
said, never part with it, but learn how to

steadily on, aimed to perfect the pen — study-
ing to develop and complete its writing
qualities — rather than to force sales of stock
on the attraction of polish, finish and put-
up ; and had purchasers aimed not only to
get the use of these pens, but to care and
preserve their gooil qualities, the pons to-
day would, no doubt, have been the univer-
sal favorite, standard, practical pens —every-
where satisfactory, and everywhere in use.
Thus everywhere avoiding the necessity
of not only breaking-iu a new pen every
day, but every day, or week, replenishing
our stock, and being steadily discommoded
by the untoward stiflness and unnaturalness
of steel pens. We venture this assertion in
conclusion : Pi-rfect these pens ; let the
public use them, and American chirography
will go up twenty per cent, in quality in a
very short time.

An Autograph of Lincoln.

An interesting incident, developing further
the peculiar characteristics of the late Presi-
dent, Abraham Linooln, was brought to
light at the Adjutint-General's office, War
Department, several days ago. It appears
that during the late war a drummer-boy,
who had enlisted iu an Illinois regiment,
was taken ill during aeivice and had to be
sent home. Owing to various complications
he could not receive a surgeon's discharge
for disability. His case being serious and
his discharge necessary, his mother applied
by letter to President Lincoln for the de-
sired relief. Mr. Lincoln at once indorsed
the letter, "Discharge this boy ; A. Lincoln"
— and returned it to the mother, and her

represents one-half of page S4 of Aki-s's " Sand-book of Artistic I'ennianslUp '' — a 32-page book, ghing all the principles
many designs for flourisking. w'UK ni3,rli/ thirtg ataidard and artistic alpk-ihets. Mailed free until farther notir.e, in paper
covers {S5 cents extra in cloth), to evert/ person remitting ^1 for a subscription or renewal for the "Journal."
Price of tlie book, by mail, in paper, 75 cents; in cloth, ^1.

You handle them awkwardly, or carelessly ;
ot course, the merchant is uneasy. He may
manifest impatience. Well, don't get of-
fended, my friend ! Yourself dips them, one
after another, carefully in ink ; having tested
a pen, carefully remove the ink, and re-
place it on the card. Many a dealer has
got sick of the business because pens were
injured and cards soiled.

The largest pens are not likely to be the
best. Medium size, and dollar or dollar
and a half pen is, for many reasons, likely
to be the best pen for your use. Carefully
try the inked points, one after another, upon
paper. If the hair-lines, the shades, and
the spring please you, why try another pent
If you are a record-writer or accountant,
you waut a hair-line not very fine, but
smooth and clear; above all, the pen should
make a clear, smooth line, side-ways, to
right or left. If you are a student or pen-
man, you may desire a fine-line pen. You
must not expect good hair-lines unless you
hold the pen so as to press both points
alike.

If the pen gives a very fine line, it may
fail in free, smooth shading. Try small t
and d, and the sem. A ropey hair-line is a
serious objection. You want a pen Umber
enough to freely shade, and stifl' enough for
power and strength. The spring should
not be slow, lazy and heavy, but quick and
firm, nimble and lively. To get such a spring,
look for a thin barrel, and rather firm, hard,
plate. .Merchants purchase difi'erent brands.
Ditffrent makers have ditferent styles.
Some prefer thick plates or barrels, made
abruptly thinner at, or near, the point. But
thin bowls, barrels or plates, are the best.
If the composition of the pen is jost hard

take care of it, and never lend it. The
majority of persons write under excite-
ment, and under this excitement always
grow careless. I never hunted with more
than one man who would not, as soon as
game was started, get excited and care-
less. Many are, then, more likely to reck-
lessly kill you than any game af<iot ; so
with pen-borrowers. The slightest blow
of either platiual point on any hard sub-
stance is likely to ruin the pen. The bor-
rower forgets this, raps the inkstand, and
your pen is gone. Dip the pen yourself in
the ink carefully. Never forget this : form
a habit of handling the pen in one way.
Alwayskeep a good Kidd ink-remover; put
the pen up clean, and never undertake with
this pen a shade beyond its ability. Again,
never think of grinding, filing, or sharpen-
I ing your pen. If you should bend a point,
very carefully replace it, and s'op.

If it is your luck to get one of these pens
whereof we have said so much (providing
you are a passable scribe) your work will
henceforth prove rather a pleasure than a
task. You will write faster and easier, and
far more legibly, than with any steel pen.
It will give to your sentences a peculiar
grace; and page after page will pass from
your point with the legibility and uniformity

In au article hereafter about other pens
the gold pen. I have said so much because,
as I said at -first, I think these the best
business or practical pens iu the world, and
for many ornamental purposes not inferior
to any other.

Reuars.

Had manufacturers, in the first place, and

son was shortly afterward discharged. Since
the war the drummer has died, and lately
his mother applied for a pension. The pa-
pers were forwarded to the Adjutant-Gcu-
eral's otlice, and there was a mighty efl'.jrl
among clerks aud officials to secure the in-
dorsement iu Mr. Lincoln's own handwrit-
ing as a souvenir, the idea being to substi-
tute it with a " true copy." The relic-
hunters were brtfHed, however, and the pa-
pers, according to law, will be prcierved
iutact. — Washington Post.

Some weeks ago we made from the Neiie
Freie Presse a translation of a letter ad-
dressed by Mr. Darwin in 1873 to Mr. N.
D. Doedea, of Leeuwardeu, Holland.
Through the spontaneous courtesy of this
gentleman we are now enabled to present
the great naturalist's ipsissima verba. They
are as follows :

briefly ; and I am not sure that I could do
so even If I wrote at some length. But I
may say that the impossibility of conceiv-
ing that this grand and wondrous universe,
with our conscious selves, arose through
chance, seems to me the chief argument fijr
the existence t.f God; but whether this i?
an argument of real value, I have nevi r
been able to decide. I am aware that if u*-
admit a first cause, the mind still craves i"
know whence it came and how it aro.-c
Nor can I overlook the diUlculty from tiic
immense amount of sutl'eriug through the
world. I am, uho, induced' to defer to a
certain extent to the judgment of the many
able men who have fully believed iu G"d;
but here again I see how poor an argument
this is. The safest conclusion seems to be
that the whole suhjeut iJs beyond the ecopo
of man's intellect; but man can do hm

Distinctions in Handwriting,
Axi> Value op Exi'Eiit E\ii>kxck in
Mattbra of Forgery.
The rjm'f<iioD of the vulw of expert en-
<ifna; iu nuiltirre of forgerj- is daily becom-
ing of more interpst. It is not an iinconi-
inon occurrence to hoar tin- export qm-s-
tiouod as to Ins niethoil of detecting a
forgery. There Iinit bei-n un attempt to re-
doco tlio testing of houdwriting to simple
matlicriiatifai calculations. The idea i-n-
deavorcd to be evideneed rests on tlic basis
of proportion of tlie li-ngth and bnndili ..f
lotteiv. Tliiswill not detect a " tnu-ing."
The expert in matters <if handwriting is
bom. Hr cannot !»■ ciliieatcd to the proper
stanrlard. Every man's liaTidwriting hiis an
expression of its own. It has, if the word
will be iiermittod, i;<ititilennnoe. This ex-
pression, ooiniteiiinK-c or charnctor, is pecul-
iai to eve lyiiandu riling, being unlike that of
any jiml nil others. As in all nature so in
iKitidwrUing. The cnnirnon and tr ithl'ul
remark that there are no two leaves of the
forewt exactly alike^ pan, with equal verity,
be said of handwritings. '

Jwt as the characters of men differ—just
as they differ in feature, face and fi.rin do
tlieir signatures differ. That yon m;iy find
two men (or two mamworipts by different
hands) strongly resembling each other is
within the esperionee of every one A fail-
ure to detect the difference is the result of a
wiuit of familiarity with the mam.scripts
!iud short aeqimintanco with the men.
Recognition of the diffonnice between them
academy will furnish examples of the
nearest approach to the great snnilnrify in
handwritings. This is due to an iutificial
state of circuinstanees. Generally the mas-
ter M-rites for or furnishes a printed r-opy to
the pupil. These "models" are for tlio
wliole class. Each one sfrivr.« n. |„..i I„-
raii to hnitate the ro|.\ ,. ■ |,, ,, i :,,,

Consequently when the im i i . ,^ , I

there is 'a pronounced n^ inLim, , lMH\r,h
the writings. Leaving the acadruiy, na-
ture's power being unfettered, their luind-
t ehiirjieter (u- countennuco
li I I' i'i|iir;imeutiuulpliysi-

Tl.

thi

iudiviilimlily, 18 uoi atlected by the materials
employed. It remains, though gold, steel
or quill pen be used on smooth or rough
surface ; though chalk or charcoal be used
on board or wall ; uo matter what the
writer's materials may be, the character of
the penmanship will be always apparent,
and can be recognized with a facility
as great as the writer himself would be
whether in health or in sickness, drunk or
sober. There is a iliffereuce, but the indi-
viduality remains the same. Strange as it
may appear, if the doubting will experi-
ment they will Bnd that do man can cover
a sheet of pajier with his signatures aud
make them all exactly alike ; that is to say,
no two of them can be placed one on the
other so that the corresponding lines and
points would coincide, precisely cover each
other.

An expert could copy any oue of them,
which would coincide better with the one
imitated than any two of the original
writer's. The reason for ibis is, the expert
makes a/ac simile, measuring and drawing
it accurately. If there be a failure of exact
coincidence, it is due to the want of skill in
the expert ; his work is badly done. The
inference may be made from this that an
able expert may so perfectly imitate a signa-
ture as to preclude the possibility of detec-
tion. This by no means follows, for the
very fact of the exa-t coincidence would bo
the best evidence of its forgery, since no
man cau write his signature so as to make
it exactly coincide. The signatures wliich
are forged with most success, aud with least
chauf-e of detection, are those which it is
cnmm©nly supposed are the most dilficult of

iarities in all i

Couspic

IS and singular pecul-
easily imitated. The
seeing

The peculiarity I'f walk, look,
bearing, etc., wheu ioiilated often recalls to
mind the person p'-sses'iue it, without even
the mentiou of hi<« name. Men who have
peouliarities of physiognomy are the best
subjects for portraiture. The caricaturist
simply exaggerates peculiarities, aud this is
his art. This rule applies to signatures
with equal force. The writer who signs
with absurd scribblings around about bis
Dame, or gives a peculiar shade or shape to
certain letters, instead of, as he thinks, pro-
tecting himself against forgery, is but lend-
ing his best aid toward its successful accom-
plishment. He who writes a simple, bold,
free hand will shame the forger, because,
however correctly it may be measured and
drawn— the process is slow and the copy
will lack the freedom of the original. That
signature is beat protected against forgery
which is most simple, most regular, moat
free from all absurd singularities. Its sim-
plicity is its protection. And now, as to
experts. Il does not follow that becaus^e a
man's occupation brings him in constant
relation with different handwritings that he
is necessarily an expert in detecting forgeries.
Because a man is a M'riling- roaster, an
artist, an engraver or a bank-teller, does not
by any means make him an adept in dis-
covering imitations. Such pursuits may
educate a natural aptitude or faculty — they
cannot create it. Constant exercise will
improve this as it will any talent, and it is
true in this as in other faculties— that great
natural capability without, may not equal
mediocrity with, exercise. There are few
men who can recognize one bay mule from
another iu a drove without some distinguish-
ing mark. Yet a trader cau, and that by
the head alone. His eye is educated.

It would be wonderful if all men were
experiB in handwriting. It requires some
study, some practice and much natural
power to excel in this respect with any ap-
proach to superiority. Even in oil paint-
ings an expert readily recognizes a forgery.
Every anist, like every penman, has his
own stylo "f painting. An expert, familiar
with the ehm-acter or style of painting of
different artists, could if all of them were
set to co)>y a single picture, tell the copy of
each. Aud it can be said with equal truth,
that if a doKcu forgers were each to forge a
single siguature, an expert familiar with
them all could rrjtdily tell the different
forgeries from each other aud from the
original. The char,irter and expression of
each in)itation has an individuality. So far
the reference has been to signatures; how
is it when a whole docuuient is forged, a
will, etc. In this case there is no original
from which to draw and for.ii each word aud
letter. Other <Iocuments written by the
hand you are imitating must be studied.

It is almost impossible to accomplish this
so as to deceive an able expert. Success
in such a forgery will not be attained by
accuracy in imitating the peculiarity of'
crossing t's or the curve to the tails of the
y's and g's. This is easily done. It might
deceive the inexperienced. It is in these
instances, forgeries of entire manuscripts
that the expression, countenance or char-
acter of the penmanship must be the only
criterion of the forgery. On experts in gen-
eral but little reliance can be jilaced, na
matters of this kind are now conducted.
The Court appoints the experts named by
counsel. Counsel (or the client) has already
seen the expert and knows his opinion. He
will not suggest his name if that opinion
has been a<ivers6 to him. If the expert's
opinion is favorable to him he will summon
him whether the Court has appointed him
or not. It is pretty sure that no expert will
be put on the witness stand by the side
agaiust whose claims he will testify. It is
to he hoped that ihe day is not far distant
when this evil will be remedied —iVert- Or-
leans 7imes and Democrat

Reminiscences.
By E. L. Btrni-.tt.

door of our office is opened, and, with a
'"Morning, Borney ! " in rushes my <dd-
time friend S. R. Hubbell, Jr.

"What are yoo driving at? Drop that
confounded quill, and take a ride with me !
and — and " — a smile bieaks over his moon-
like countenance, " What ! at your old
tricks again f writing for the papers ! How
many hours have you wasted writing worth-
less articles, paying postage and having
them returned rejected T "

I confessed to the act several times; but
point, with some pride, to the one or two
that have been accepted, and, as the babit
is formed, I still persist. But I shall not be
disappointed to hear ol the consignment of

the title, Burney I The boys will
are au old man! What are you

counienance will ever
green.

Of John D. Williar
bat very little. He can
twice while I was then
a short time. Gene

main fresh and

I can remember
.0 the house but
nd remained but
eigled him into

I and penmen I

They got
poetry on

r to stick t

marked peculiarity of his subject as it does | *' prickly pair."

Mr. Nettle was recently married to Mii
That'p what you might call

think you

going to write about f "

"Penmanship, of coun
have met."

" Burney; don't you
enough of it. Write
Spring; they will apprec;

I see he is laughing ,
determined nmre than e'
and article.

" But, Burney, how far back can you gof
I doubt if you can bring forward anything
new for the boys."

"How far hackt Let me think. Three
— six — nine — twelve — fifteen — yes, G fleen
years since I first became interested in pen-
manship. More than half my life. Yes, I
think I can write something new, knowing
that I have met a great many penman.
Having traveled all overthe country — visit-
cards and doing pen-work iu general — hav-
ing met a great many of the * old-time,'

and a great many that we seldom hear of

yes, Sam, old hoy, I think there is subject
enough for an article; don't youf "

"Yes, I think there is, Burney. So I
will leave you. Good-bye."

With H rush he Is gone, and I am left
alone with my subject.

Fifteen years ! I look back over that period
of time, and it bnngs to my memory many
a curious adventure— many of them laugh-
able; many, serious. I think of the places
I havo seen, the time passed in each ; and
I begin to thing I am growing old. Fifteen
years ! Not that I have been in the ranks
that length of time ! Oh, no ! It is not quite
seven years since I taught my first writing-

My mother having died while I was quite
young, I was consigned to the care of an
aunt, who resided in the village of Lyons,
in the northern part of York Slate. My
cousin Gene, ( or A. E. Burnett, as ho is
known by the fraternity), was leaching pen-
manship, if I remember right, iu the East-
man Business College, ia Rochester, at that
time, and has been, for tho past twelve
years, Superintendent of Penmanship in the
Public Schools of Cincinnati. During the
summer months, Gene would be home, and
one or more penmen from some part of the
country would be there also. In fact, it
was a general resting-place for the hoys. I
can remember seeing there the great John
D. Williams, J. ^. R. Chapman, Victor M.
Rice, J. W. Lisk, A. R. Duuton, and
others, whose names are familiar. Many an
evening I have looked on while wonderful
birds were being flourished. A. R. Duu-
ton was my favorite in those days. Perhaps
he remembers it not; but his slight-of-hand
tricks interested me at thai lime far more
than the penmanship. He gave me, one
day, a small iron hatchet (which he had
picked up on the >treet), with the remark,
that it was the same one ..nr Ute George
Washington cut the tree with ; I laid it by
with reverence; but in a short time the
romance wore off, and with the tame old
story I traded it for a jack -knife.

seldom I hear of old Mr. Dt ,

and it is many years since I have seen him ;
but the memory of his tricks and his genial

. dressed in
u liis hand. I
I over the fence
ny way, he got
1 proved

L that
very

flourishit'g birds, one evening, and he flcmr-
i^hed them by the dozen. I have one of
them now, and, also, tho penholder he usiti
in making it. I cherish it very highly, and
have put it away with other relics. For one
thing I am indebted to John D., and that
is, the name of Burney. It bus stuck to
me like a brother from that time till the
present.

Another character who u^od to interest
me a preat deal was the late Henry D.
Stratton. On the morning of his first ar-
rival some one had been tellint; me a tale of
a doctor in the West who ha<i in his oflice
two students who were bent on practical
sport. The doctor had a movable skeleton.
The students were in the habit of beguiling
the youth of the town in for an interview.
They would then spring the skeletou. and,
of ccmree, there would be an empty sjiace in
the air where the boy had been. One day,
while they were at this businew, the doctor
came in, saw the proceedings, and thought
ho would make it all right with the boy hy
calling him back and explaining matters.
The doctor (being a long, lean, lank speci-
men of humanity) went to the dor.r, and,
with the remark, "Come here, my hoy!''
was somewhat surprised to hear, in return,
"Oh, no, you don't! You old duff! CanH
fool me if you have f/ot your clothes on .' I
know you. I was in the front yard, when,
looking down the street, I saw the skelcKm
coming: long, lean, and la
black, with a small valise k
forget now whether he came
or through the gate, but, i
there in a very short time, n
himself to be Heury D. Straltoi
this late date I never hear hi
that old story and his ap|)oarai
day flash before my mind, h
quick, and always ]o<iked to i
also, very restless. One minute he would
he would be off. Consequently, we never
had any couversation with each other.

I am taking considerable space, without
writing much seuse ; but as there is an old
saying that " a little nonsense now and then
is relished by the best of men," I will con-
clude by writing of one who is yet living,
but has wielded the pen longer than any of
us, and who can yet put the boys in the
shade with his Spencerian Copy. I refer to
that veteran, A. S. Pratt, or " Uncle Sid,"
as he is known in the place where heresides.
I shall alwaja remember my first visit to
" Uncle Sid '' with pleasure. He is over
eighty years of age, but yet has tho same
love for the beautiful in pen-art. Last win
ter he taught a class in the same school
house where he first taught, fifty years ago.
I was sorry when the time came for mo to
leave. The old gentleman tried hard to
have me remain over night, but circum-
stances would not pertnit of my doing so.
As an inducement he took me in his front
room, and, with a Spencerian flourish of his
hand, said; "Within this room Father
Spencer has slept, aud, also, most of the
boys -Willirtms, Dunton, Bates, McCray,
and all the old-timers: stay with me this
night, and you can sleep here. When you
wake in tlie morning you will be the finest
penman in the country." I could not stay.
Therefore, I supjiose I throw away the only
chance I ever had of becoming the beat pen-
man in the country.

Extra Copies ol the "Journal"

will be sent free to teachers and others who
desire to make an effort to ttecure a club of
subscribers.

Sample copies of the Jour
>D receipt of price — ten oanu

<HHr

Questions for the Readers of the
"Journal.**

By CiiANDi.Kii H. Pi'-UtCE, of Keoknk, Iowa.

1. What determines thr form of a letter
in buBineBa-writing t

2. Whai determines the form of a letter
in professional-writing T

.'J. What determines the form of a letter
for amateurs and beginners t

4. What determines good taste f

5. Do the fingers assist in shading f

6. Is the weight of the hand the same in
all the movemenlat

7. What determines the slant of the Qrst
part of a, d, y, q, and one style of c ?"

8. How is shade produced directly t

9. What is the best method of develop-

10. What is the plan of developmentf

11. Is penmanship as susceptible of sub-
divisions of topics SA that of any other sub-

12. Can Htnall writing be produced with
any degree of skill, without the ability to
excoute other classes of work f

13. Is small writing a high or low order
of development T

M. Is one department of work dependent
on another f

15. Should penmanship he considered
pIiiloeo])hii'ally as well as mathematically T

It). What is mathematical criticism?

17. What is phUosophical criticism!

18. Should the designs for tracing be ex-
ecuted by pupil or teacher f

i;>. What is the slant of the last part of
the standard capital K f
2U. Of R r

21. How is a turn formed?

22. How U an angle formed t

2;i. Why is it easier to obtain the slant of
figures than letters!
21. Does the holder change direction in

the

)rkr

25. Does the holder u
of itself i

a the direction

2fi. What is the beat method of securing
the proper slant of a, d, g, and q f

27. Whatdeterniinea the spacing of third
part of small k >

28. Is all of the second part of small k
above one space in highlt

2y. Is the (urn of the last part of stand-
ard K and B. the same as those of the small
letters ?

SO. Why is the second part of standard
A, ilf, and iV, so difficuil to form?

:Ji. Why is small writing so difficult to
execute t

32. Can capital be produced in the
highest order of skill by making first part
higher than second t

33. What about second part of T, [', Y,
X, W, U, K, r, F, P, B, li, v^

Remember, yon can get the Journal
one year, and a 75-cent book free, for \$1 ;
or a \$1 book and the Journal for \$1.25.
Do your friends a favor by telling them.

Persona desiring a single copy of the
Journal must remit ten cent*. No attes
tion will be given to poslal-mrd request*

GcorfiR yV. Leu-is. ^residEnf,
/.(Mimcl 11. Wilson. Treasurer.

^^T,rO-OPEKVI7>:^,

Xems A.Osloni. McEpresfXGeil Haiil:
C.T. Poller, Secnelary.

§ itj'ii Aco; jiaxLtasiiTir ^

SSOCfMlON

rr (TtJl{tf^ ^t;§|?" fJ°2BB,a,

..^^

.jlffiCPrPPERUT,^,

Ia-wis A-Osboni ViceftESllGEril Min'n
O.T. Toller. SecfBtary,

cy//i

yl^

t» of paper and Utter htadinys arc plMto-eiujmved from pen-and-ink copy fxecuted at ike o^e of the " Journal," and are given t
of the practical application of pen-drawing to bustnria purparts. The letter-heading « engraved two sizes from the tame copy.

Is It a Lost Art?

Penmanship seems to be an accomplish-
ment that is rather going out of fashion,
used to be ao common when a boy was
wanted that he *' must write a good hand, "
rarer than ever. In many of our schools
and colleges penmanship seems to have
comparatively no attention bestowed upon
it after the writer has become able to write
characters fairly legible. Boys are left to
drift into a handwriting of their own, and
a terrible possession some of them obtain, as
any editor or merchant who has a large cor-
respondence will bear witness.

Perhaps telegraphic and telephonic cor-
respondence and type-writers may have
sometliing to do with this ; the stylographic
pen certainly has much to do with render-
ing even the writing of a fair penman less
legible than that written with a gold or steel
pen. Then again there are those who af-
fect a strange, scratchy or scrawly hand-
writing, and indeed an illegible one as a
mark of character, pointing to that of
Choate or Carlyle or some other distin-
guished person as an evidence that noted

A piece of illegible and badly written
manuscript is as much a slovenly piece of
work as a half-washed face, tumbled hair
or a dirty tablecloth, and no one of the
"three R's" is of more importance than that
which enables the possessor to save his cor-
respondents, friends, and all with whom he
communicates by writing, the labor and
trouble of doing half the work that should
have been done by him, if he inflicts a
clumsily written and illegible scrawl upon

The long, spi.ier-Uke handwriUng of
young ladies of the present period is one of
those affectations which is doubtlees thought

by most who practice it to distinguish them
as belonging to good society, but which
only answers the purpose of an iniTcased
consumption of stationery and the calling
f'Tth of expressions anything hut compli-
mentary to the writer.

A good, fair, round and legible hand, de-
void of ornamental flourish, may be easily
acquired by youth of ordinary capacity from
proper instruction ; it is more than an ac-
complishment, it is a necessity— but as an
accomplishment it is a good merchantable
article in the employment market and prom-
ises so to continue.

Let parents and guardians look to it that
the children under their charge are taught
the pen skillfully and easily.— jBosfon
il BuUHin.

Scraps.

nk fr.>m whit

A manufacturing company, using a type-
writer, received from a Western agent an
indignant letter, which said : " You needn't
print any more letters you send me, for I
want you to underetaiid that I ca
writing."

A compositor who was puzzling oi
of Horace Greeley's manuscripts, e
aud savagely observed ; " If Helshazi
seen this handwriting on the wall he
have been more terrified than he w
Unidentified Exchange.

P. M. G. Key is about to issue a
prohibiting the placing of stamps upside
down on letters. Several postmasters have
recently beem seriously injured while trying
to stand on their heads to cancel stamps
placed in this m&noer.—Middkiomi Tran-
script.

lageriy

ivould

" Pa, I wish you would buy me a little
pony," said Johnny. "I haven't got any
money to buy you a pony, my son. Yoo
should go to school regularly, my son, study
hard, and become a smart man, and some
of these days, when you grow up, you will
with." "Then I suppose, Pa, you didn't
study much when you were a little hoy like
me, or else you would have money now to
buy ponies with, wouldn't you, Pat" —
Texas Siftings.

A Lost Love-letter.— Five years ago
a maiden fair, whose home was at a little
town ne:ir Macon, Ga., anxiously awaited
an important letter from her absent lover.
Days passed wearily. The sighing lass
haunted the Post Oftice, but the Postmas-
ter's face always wore that look of exasper-
ating quietude common to those from whom
expected things never come. The maiden
thought that her heart would break, for she
realized at last that her lover was faithless.
The scene shifts. It is September, 1881.
In Macon dwells the same lady, but she is
now a happy wife with two children. She,
therefore, is surprised when from the town
of her youth comes a letter bearing as a
superscription to her maiden name that de
rived from her husband. An accompany
ing note from the postmaster explains tha
in tearing away some of the boards of a let
ter-case the missive was found. The envel
ope is postmarked " 187G." The lad'
spanks the baby to keep it quiet while she
eagerly devours the contents. Heavens!
It is trora John, who proposes in glowing
words and begs for a kind reply. The
lady's husband also enjoys the letter, and,
out of curiosity, communicates with relatives
of the former lover. It ia learned that he
is a happy Chicago pork -packer, with a
wife and three sons.

An Amusing Court Scene.

A young Austin lawyer was appointed
to defend a negro who was too poor to liire
cooDBel of his own. After the jury were in
the box the yoang lawyer challenged sev-
eral jorymen whom his client said had a
prejudice against him.

B jurymen who have
a prejudice against yoa?" whispered the
young lawyer.

" No, bi)88, de jory am all right; but
6 de jedge.
nvioted under hiui seberal
already, and maybe he is beginin* to hab
prejudice agio me."

The young lawyer, this being bis first
dresaing the Court, told the judge he could
step aaide. — Texas StfUnga.

The Superintendent of the PublioSchools
of Richmond meetiog Colonel Kuffin, with
whom he is quite intimate, said : " I see the
Whig Bays that when you get to heaven
you will amend the ten commandi
and that's too much your way, any way, and
you know it." Colonel Kuffin replied :
"You ought to be thankful for it, for if I
don't die before you and go to heaven and
have the comn
not get in."— Hichmond Whig.

If you want the best guide ever published
for home instruction in practical writing
send \$1 for the "Standard Practical Pen-
manship Package," prepared by the Spen-
irian Authors for the Pbnuan's Aht

JonHNAL.

One of the most popular conductors that
ever ran a train out of Boston has the credit
of the following bon mot: Not long
special minister's ticket was banded to him,
to which be gave careful inspection, aS his
duty required. The passenger quite tartly
remarked that it was unnecessary to be bo
very particular about his ticket. The con-
ductor q'uickly replied, iu^is quiet andever-
I am only looking to
see where you are going, sir. 1 don't
to see in the morning papers, 'Another
ister gone wrong ! '"—Traveler.

Notice.

TIio stock of Ames's Coi
hdusted — uo more can be mailed. A revised
and greatly improved edition is
of preparation, and will

THE

Penman and Book-keeper.

w;s

rcial ColleKe.__

with some one ol abUity and

pooh-keep
4-2L

ag aimplified.

i. Bok aoa 8m!l(Ji°N Y.

PEIRCES

'USINESS COLLEGE

KEOKUK, IOWA.

CARD OASES.

^■WehaAe trefttly ncrejuel our facilities
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Q my fatyles

N. E. CARD CO.

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No. ai tarn, while or crsam, 60 Cfnla per thou-

eand: extia sleek. 75 eeiile.
Our No. 2G size, white

heavj, \$1.
No. 26, superfine, white or cream, %\'£, per

thousand, net.
8.ply, plain, Jl.50; bevel, \$2.75; gold bevel,

14 per thousand, net.
Biacli Bribtol cards, \$1.50 per thousand.
300 gilt cards, iu oue.dozen cases, only tl.25;

12 dozen for \$12, net.

Sent at once for our Skeleton
40 cents, by mail, which may be
deducted from a \$10 order.

oitr own slack, ami. atto. any fancy

or odd sizts to order, at tht very

lowest prices.

PLEASE MAKE UP A SAMPLE OBDEB

FROM PBICES IX THIS PAPEB.

N. E. Card Co.,

75 NASSAU STREET

NEW YORK.

Blackboards.

- LAPILINUM iSlone-Cloth).

ird for E^ecturerfl,
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Rollf IlKlillir, like a mnp, trithont Mmy. Unntnaled

mtirkfnff tarbu-n r^up^rior enulble quAtilic*

PRICES.

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Black Diamond Slating

Tkt /lest JAfjiiul Slating {wlfhout exception) for

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Mnkf» llie llneit Bod moil dorable intftoe. Eiuily

krpllod nlth a commOD bnuli (o iitiy •nrface. Put up id

PRICES.

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{.'»rd and gives Perfect Salit/action in
Colnmbln College (Srhnol of Miae<) • New Tort City.

Unlveraily ^^^ Ibe City oJ New Yort ■ '] |' |;

c"lteKe.''t I'lmrmacy

(:<.IIrftP..t SI Franci«X*vlw. . - . '

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St.-vpnii IiiMflute oT Technology - - - Hoboken, N. J.

SiHtfewi HiRli S(*hool

Unlveralty ft KiuiulppI Oxford, Mlu.

Sirite NormRl Scbool Oabkoib.Wis.

I.rf)iig IiiliiiKt lloipilal Medical College - Brooklyu.'N. v\
Nt'iv Yiirk Slock EJxolmnge; New York Collon Bx-
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0"(ri'<. IJxohunee: New York Iron and Sletal Exchange;
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In Iht Public ScliooU of
Wu«hington,D.C.,(exoliukely). Piilerson. N, J.

San PmncUco^Cftl, Mrvlafon.'N.'Y.

Newark, N. J. PoughkeepBle. N. Y.

Mootclair, N. J. Waverly, N, Y.

UloODiflnId, N.J. liiulford, Ct.

Jenwy City, N. J. Naugaimk. Ct.

Bergen PoloV N. J. E.u.thampton, Mau.

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Uoboken, N. J. lialelgb, N. G.

ROLL BLACKBOARDS.

PRICES.

N... I - . - . Size. 2x:i fei-l - ■ - ■ |1,25

"3 " 2*»3i ■' . . . 1,75

■' 3 ■ ■ - ■ ■' 3x4 " .... fl,25

CARD BLACKBOARDS.

Plain. Without Sbelf,

No. I 18x24 inches ■ - ■ ■ tl.2A

"a 84x36 '' 2.25

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This is unirn-salli/ admitted to be the best
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ORDERS PROMPTLY FILLED.

PENMAN'S ART JOURNAL,

Tub Latest and Bf.st Amkrican Atlas.
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National Indexed Atlas.

From Government & Special Surveys.

th« exaol luoatloa of coaullei. tuwna, oitiw, viUa^ea, yusl-
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Invaluable for the library, the oouDtingroom. school-
POOm. or family.

PUBLISHED BV
JNO. W.LYON & CO..

TheOfognipliipal ami Stutlsllcal infomiation pomblned

of iLo United Slutes Uoasi Survey.the Chief of Engineers
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Slates Suvid" ObsMvatury, the tSeaatal Lood Oflloe, the
OOlnM of Iha Goremroenl Territorial 8nr\eyi ond Ex-

Somlioat under Iho dirvcibD of Vr. i\ V. Haj ilea. Lieut,
eorg« H. Wheeler. Clorvnoe Xlug, ein oic. fium the
Oovemon or Seoretanes of must of ibe Stales and Ter-
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ways ; from County Surveyore, Clerks and CumniLwionere.
In miiiiy tboosaod insiaaees, poalH>llJce\$ have been
iMwtH by ihe postmasters thei«af on manuschpl maps
furnished bv us for tbe purpose, and to perfect details in
some locniltlea Spteiat Surrtyi have been made.

labor on the part of numerous corps of Compilen, Sur-
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ICST OUT. One doaea plain or irill-edjro cards, artist-
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I. P. O. Btiv 4411. Phillipeburg, N, J.

A NEW BOOK. A NEW METHOD.

A Work of Surpassing Beauty, Combining Instruction in

BOOK-KEEPING and PENMANSHIP.

By a simph, fa-scinaiing and effective system of illustrations and ejcplanation^s,

a hnowUdge of the above branches may be acqmred by the student,

with comparatively little labor on the part of the teacher.

Better than the Best of its Predecessors.

The work bs« received the liighest endorsement of manj of the inoBt eminent commercial
leachera, who have pronounced it "better than the best of its prfideoeBaora,"
The completed book appeared September 10th. 1882, and has been already

Throughout tlie country. Circulai
giving a deocnption of Ibe book,

containing a large number of ringing teettmoiiia'
metliods, contents, price, etc., will be mailed

OF TULLY. N. Y..
Who is one of Ibe finest oard-writer* in (he United States

Two sets of mntoular ospitals (dilTerent ilylM), thirty.

executed (siie. 18x241, sent, fresh &i^m the pen. for ta.

H.50.
A fidl set of most elegantly -written oopies~}ust what

a-6 CIRCITLARS FREE.

THE

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ROCHESTER, N. Y.

IHE KIND IN THE^WORLDl

AGENTS WANTED,

IN EVERY TOWN IN AMERICA,

sale, wilh the publishers' prices :

Ames's Compendium of Practical and Ornamental

Penmanship \$4 50

New Speucerian CompeDdium in parts (6 iiarts

Standard Pmctlcol Penmanship, by the Si>encer

Marriage Certificate, 18x22 1 00

Lords Prayer " 50

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Send for our Special Rates to Agents.

D. T. AMES.

BRYANTS

New Series Book-keeping.

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New Countins-Uouse Bouk-keepiug, S3.S0.

Blank-lHjoks armnged lor each Edition. AUo,
JUST PUBLISHED, '

THE BUSIKBSS MAN'S
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bined. E-JiU.ll.ylU I/.,,, t.V„r„^ ir CI„.I.^, lale

CbiefJudgP-iij. > 1 \ 1

by J.C. Bn^. ■ <• -,,.n

tiool work lu:

Learn to Write.

d styles of CAPITAIA I-

and if rightly
case. Sample

HERRIISrG'S

SAFES.

The Champion Fire-Record.

Spnioe Street, New York.

W

Thorfugbly

BAgoini opportuDity for sdvu'

position us toacbcr of bonk keepinj

Sa'ary not so mucli an obj«c
C. J. KRErBB. Mt. Holly, N. J.

■rc

K

UNIVERSITY BOOK-KEEPING

BlISINKSS PRACTICE.

By IliA Mavtiew, LL D.,

Former SaptHnten-Unt »S I'uUic Irutrvclion ofHuhi

IRA MAYHEW & CO.,

REMINGTON
STANDARD TYPE -WRITER.

WKTTINO MACHINE.

SAVES TIME LABOR AND MONEY.

Wyckoff, Seamans £ BemdicI,

^^^S^rs --isff^^v-

THF. NF.W

5/?K/4^r d STRATTON
BOOK-KEEPING BLANKS,

Adapted for use wilb or wiihout Text-Book,

and the 0DI7 e«t recommended to

accompanj

"THE NEW

Bryant & Stratton
Counting-House-Bookkeeping."

SMALT, 8RT. LARGE BOOK,

BOOK FOR OENEftAL USB.
, poRMS.
: BOOK.

DRY QOODS f

"JOHN D'S FAVORITE PEN."

IktIj' ftdaplwl fur I'ulilio nnd Privnie Schools and Bd><)>
Snit Foil-paiil od reoeipl of 25 c«nu.

DANIEL SLOTE &.,C0., :

119 AND 121 WlIXlAM STRni^NKW, YO#k

The Packard Commercial Arithmetic,

By S. S. PACKARD, of Packard's Business College.

AND BYRON HORTON. A.M.

IN TWO SEPARATE EDITIONS.

1. Complete, 320 pp.. lar^e octavo. 2. School, a7u pp., duodecimo.

Complete «dltioD. fint iuaed In June, baa pu«ed to Its fifth thousand, and the School Mlition. flrat tune

■ t Mie. These books have marked choraclerisiioa which hftn

. ^ . 'tical teacher*. 1st. Tbey ar« specimens ol fine modem bool

-in typojiaphy, paper and binding. Sd. They are. eaeb in its sphere, complete expositor* of practici

teat^hen of practical aiilhmetio in this ooantry. 3d. They are eminentli/ adapted to aelf-inttmoiion, 4U

book cove™, in the most satisfaotorj- way. the enHre range of oommeroial sublects, and L
as wf II a» Ottmott retiabU^ business ariihmetic before the public.

of the larger work, omitting only the more difficult and obslriu

D^typ _

THE DAY SPACING

rithciul>loiibt, ihemottOuymugh. 1
Xfunplea, aod certiun subjects not appUn

^ ' JietaiT Pnc«.- CompletdtEdition, \$1.50; School Edition, \$1.

Tricea to Schools: Complete Edition, \$1 ; School Edition, 75 cents.

' '■ I'liiladelphift, Pa.; Heahl ,1 . . , . ,,iii,.^

Sr"S. PACKARD, Publisher, 805 Bro.^dway, New York.

s»KV\.v'i>y^\!.\«*a9\mt\^mvv\*^^^^

ESTERBROOK'S

ni Series oif

bcMeniL FEME

Wliai kiio«le<ige is of most worth T See C^"

\\ lial every boy and girl ebould elud^. t^i§^

W'lial every teacher should study. ]J^~

What will save thousands of doltars. |^** On,

What will prepare every boy for businesB. |^" -r-* t ■,. ^ .,,

Wliat will avoid troublesome litigation. Jf^" IhIi-?T^V T A A AT

What is more important than "ologiea." l^- V \y \ \ J_/i\ V'V

..What will make this study teachable. C^"
What branch has been loo much neglected. IE^"

What sliould be used in every school. |^

What every teacher should adopt at ouce. E^

*» """""""■ "o,!;;,"

o'tm

'."

(.ALU, TO

EVE,,

The acj^mpBDyiiifir em

.[.re.H,

. bniJ wit

«.«<>

|fn

7,'„:l

",L"C;

'.I'S

Seut securely packed b
price* and deaoriptlon,

•■'•'

0^ any par
way. New

^vlnl

We glTB herewith Specime
engraved directly ftum niling
aquare. with the rapidity of h»e b

s

f Tinting,
ay the aid

phoui-

D. T. AMKB-jMr Sir

"inl

ic."|)'

nfS,,.

feotion ol our deaigns I b
patent rallng and tinting T

e'\m

t^

SLS

signed. ReaperllSilly,
Designer and Diaftar

Ti

•"s"

Sic

Ud..

New Yohk, Sept. 9. 18S0.
D. T. AMK8, Eey.— J>«ar 5ir.- One of your patent T
•quarea btu been In mnslaQl me by me for some tiine
past, and I have found It extremely oaeftil tn the vnriou*
branches of drawing to which I have applied it. Very
truly youra. Bdwaiid E. Jonks.

Designer and DraftMuan, with D. Appleton U. Co

D. T. A«ES, Ee*J— Dm
hand safely; imd, alttr pun

and the facility with which

man. Yean very truly,

[^*rfe

l\

. 8epL 14,
<i by .Tei>

1881.

dniJU.
nlly.

THE ABOVE CUT

^.

English and Text Leiiei^x

'"ti

e iVii

"?redou

I», on.

L. L. L.

LESSONS.

npio

> teachers,

Liberal reducti

D. APPLETON & CO., Publishers.

New York, Boston, Chicago. San Franc

SCRIPT RULERS.

■^heyi

) are seekmg to Improvs
6 Bmdwar, New York

Fiflh Annual Meeting

OF AMERICA

Will he held in the Cilij of Washington,D. C. ,

Beginning Tuesday, July 10th,
AND CONTINUING FOUR DAYS.

AnangmeoU hnve been compl.tol wbicL wiU tour,
a ConreDliOQ wortby of the place and tbe proreuion.

SPECIMENS.

.g°°e"xu' I

belt)..

on a. ptBCticable.

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SPEJVeERI:^jy

Complaints are conetantly made of the difficulty of getting good Ink ; and as noTeUiea
continually being brought out, they are tried in the hope that they may prove free from the
lal defects. Few of these succeed in permanently securing any share of public support. In
established reputation, and manufactured with all the improvements that
uggest, are iiaeily to be obtained.

hat many of the fancy inks at present i -- -i-

dyes, which t

frm no chemical coi

it necessary.

be simply washed

thicken, of so

tne of these inks, ar

for writings

f any imnortance is

Thrple^Tant
to their being
B dangerous.
nli should form a chemical combination
air. This deposit is absolutely insoluble in ws
I properly proportioned, the black so formed :

BLUE BLACK

oftLi

FLUID.

soluble in water, and
flow from the pen, and non-liabilit;
inly solutions of color, but thi

I the fibre of the paper, due to the action
r, and when the ingredients in the fluid
mains unimpaired for a great Dumber of

BRITISH JAPAN

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I beautiful blue color, from the action of the air on the
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BlUTlsii Japan Ink. — Flows from the pen an intense black. It is specially adapted for
use by persons of weak sight and for card-writers. If by long exposure in the inkstand it
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If these inks cnmot he obtained from your stationer, toe vnll quote prices at which Quart
and Pint bottles mil be delivered. Express Paio.

Ivison, Blakeman, Taylor & Co.,

753 and 755 Broadway, New York.

Dopy for ulujittle. 6p«uliJieiis of BourUhiiig o

H. ^V. KIBBE, Utica. N. Y.

The Leading Wd r on Commercial Law.

c^riia.rt's

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oomrlote elplaimliun o

SIX EDITIONS HAVE BEEN SOLD.

AN IMPORTANT CONSIDERATION
»°^WB.writJpn aprtuti/ for *(ud<n*» and (.imne.* m<n. /( hat Uen tzaniifwd t/wrouglily by tht Utt Ugal taUnt.

SPECIAL RATES FOR INTRODUCTION.

C. E. CAR HART,

PTlnal|)«l of tlie Alttuy BnolneH CoUega,
^'*-'- ' ALBANY, N. V.

TEACHERS^

Holcomb Publlabloe I

W^

- BOLDER for OnutmeD

OoLLWia, K«ok>k. l«wft.

"Mr. Madarasz does a very extensive card
businees. He is an excellent writer and should
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whose fine penmanship goea to all parts of the
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BRILLIANT BLACK INK

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On receipt of §1 and ten l-cent
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1 Brilliant Black Ink Recipe .

2 Specimens of Flourishing
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Total worth . . . \$1.80
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THREE COMPLETE SETS OF
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no two alike, only 54 cents. Single eetH, 25
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C^On receipt of twelve l-cent stamps sam-
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Professional penmen often inquire what pen
is used by Madarasz that he cao make such
fine hair-liaes and bold shades. The identical
pens will be sent to any address for 50 cents
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these pens cannot be too highly recommendeil.

Poor writing made GOOD, and good writing
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■cent stamps

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" MADAfiASZS WRITDJO IS SO F.4K

AHEAD OF ANY THAT IS BEING Af

VERTISED THAT COMPAKISON IS USK

LESS." ^"■

PUBLIS

™rr™v..K/^^^ TEACHERS' GUIDE.

Entered at the Post-Office ok
New York, N. Y,, as Second-Class Matter.

0. T. AMES, Editor sn
e. F. KELLEV, A((oci

'SeZIT new YORK, JUNE, 1883.

Vol. VII.— No. 6.

LESSONS IN PRACTICAL WRITING.
No. XIH.— By Henbv C. Spencer.

CopyrighUd, June. 188S, hy Spencer Brothers.

Petiraanship, by

MOVEUENTS.

TIlis subject is preseuted ia the old Compendium of Spi
P. K. Spencer, in his own words, as follows:

" In writing, four movements should be employed in training all the muscles, whose
ready nnd disciplined use constitutes good work."

"let. Muscular-movement, which is the action of the forearm from the elbow forward,
in all directions. Tlie wrist an inch above the paper, and the forearm playing freely on
the movable rest," (nails of third and fourth fingers).

'•2d. Fivger movement, which means an extension and contraction of the first and
aud second fingers and the thumb. Such a movement, purely as such, scarcely exists
in the specimens of the correct and ready writer. Those marks which como nearest re-
quiring this movement purely are the descending or central marks of the ' short letters ' ;
and oven in these, the muscular-movement preceding on their hair Hues, carries its steady,
firm synipatliy into the downward marks."

"3d. Mixed or Compound-movement, which is a simultaneous action of the forearm,
tbumli, and fingers; or, protrnding and receding movement of the arm, attended by
thumb and finger extension and contraction."

"4th. Whokarm-movemfent This is the largest, boldest movement employed —
trainiug all the muscles into obedience, from the shoulder forward. To produce this
movement, raise the forearm some two inches and a half, and slide un the movable rest,"
(the nails of the third and fourth fingers).

" In writin((, ' exercise ' is the most rapid and efficient training, intended to secure
greater ability to execute, in form and combination."

The practice of every writing- lesson should be commenced with movement- drill.

No movement-copy is given with this lesson ; but pupils are requested at this stage
of their course to call to mind, and practice, movement- exercises previously learned and
found to be beneficial ; or to investigate for themselves and look up other exercises.

The first three plates of Part IV., New Spencerian Compendium, contain many
valuabh? exercises relating to the capital letters.

Slijidcs are not a necessity
light or shaded, and when a very stiff pen,
shades cannot be formed— the strokes ar
perhaps, a trifle heavier than the upward,
is not attractive.

Shade is a matter of taste. If we we

■iting. The forms of letters

same whether
it what is called a stylographic pen, is u^eA,
all uearly of one width — the down strokes,
Such writing may be neat and legible, but it

i to limit ourselv

he puts I

; strictly to utilitarian idea,
vould be omitted from our

as the farmer d
handwriting.

The love of beauty which leads to the study of form and color in the garments whicli
we prefer to wear, also chooses and approves of light and shade and symmetry of furin
ill writing — the garb of thought.

The employment of shadt*, when once acquired, does not add to the labor of writing,
I'lit by giving variety to the action of arm and hand, renders them less Uable to fatigue.

lie who pan shade properly may, at will, omit shade from bis writing, should eir-

s ihs paper evciiiy.

Copt 1.

Take the dry pen and with compound' mwement make a stroke on paper as you
would to produce the first form of shaded line in copy. Observe that by pressure, the
teeth of the pen separate at beginning of stroke, and then gradually come together as the
pressure is diminished in descending to base.

This shade inverted gives the second form.

The third is on a straight line, having a turn at base. This shade gradually iu-
i-reases, and tlien tapers upon the turn.

The fourth is the third inverted.

The fifth combines the thurd and fourth. This shade is heaviest at middle of the
down stroke, and tapers upon the turns.

The sixth and seventh forms show how shades should increase aud diminish,

After the dry pen practice, produce this stroke with ink.

Do not hesitate while making a shade. If the teeth of the pen are not brought
evenly to the paper, the edges of the shades will be ragged.

:^»?-C. Tlie shade strokes apphed '.n letier^ .

Copy 2.

Tlie ( and d show application of shade 1 ; the p shows shade 2 ; the I and / contain
shade li ; the z exhibits shade 4 ; the h and y presents shade 5 ; the a and q show shade
6, on a small scale.

The width of shade in (, d, jj, /is equal to the width three light lines drawn so that
their sides will touch. -In the Z, z, h, y, a, q, the width of shade is a trifle less, because
the shaded strokes are shorter. Practice !

Copy 3.

Iir capitjil F, shade 3 is used ; in 0, shade 6 is used ; in Q, shade 7 is shown ; in A
! have shade 7 mure nearly in a horizontal position j the same form of shade applic
stem of G. Practice these letters until you can shade in proper form, and smoothly.

Copy 4.

SHOV/K IN SPACES

d^/..

'l^^^^^^i^:^^^

/:

z/ /

'// ^ /

This littk chart (Cnpy 4) gives a review *>f thr small letters, ra|)itJtif-, an.I f\<:ur.-.

It in tli^signed for study and praeticc. The highl« and widths of all the script foniis
an- nhnvm by ihe linen and spai-es.

Qo throngh with thr letters from the be^Doing; note the hight and width of each
IcttiT, and the duiiiIkt and character of strokes composing it; also the patition and form

Id short, nuuitcr the alphabets and figures, mentally and niechantrnlJy.

A few montha ago, appe^ired in the JouBNAL an article from the pen of Professor
Wni. P. Cooper, of Kingsvillc, Atthtahiitii County, Ohio, n'hich contained valuable sug-
gectioDs for drill on capital letters. Our pupils would derive great advantage from a re-
view of that article. An acquainlanwj M-ith Professor Cooper, extending from my boy-
hood, over a period of more than a tjuarter of a century, enables me to appreciate the
man, his ideas and skill. Hi» mature (tuggestions through the Journal are worthy to
be treasured by our rising generation of writers throughout the country.

Copt 5.

Wo have hero an alphabet of capital letters modified, and io many respects simplified.
The abbreviated forme have appeared in group.s in previous lessons. Their presentation
in alphabetic order will help to give a clearer idea of them to our pupils. The set is for
free practice. It would be well to write it through, making each letter begin a word or

Copy G.

B he spoke, the largest
stay and help us eat

cook fish

: ^^-2:'7^z^, ^^e^a^^''Pl-^. .^a!^£^J.

^ ^i^-ny/-. ^^u^ uJ. ..^u^ U'^^ ^-^y^-z^Y' -^ ^ • /.^S^jTS/if^^ )

Our last copy for this lesson appeared first iu Lesson VIII., as you may remember. |> i,p„„,j,g
It reviews most of the small lelters, and shows what forms may be modified or abbre- j^ • i

These economies in writing may be made your own by practice, and be the
ving much vnluwblo time and oxhatistive labor during the years of a busy life.

tliought it nothing but right to bring you toll." H-:- handed.
half of what he had caught, to Aunt Rebecca.

"Well, Mr. Powers," said Aunt Rebecca, "now you mui
them."

" You tempt me, Miss Weaver, for I know that no one in 1
eqaal to you, so I will stay."

In a few minutes Moses Powers bad thrown off his coat, had dressed the fish, and
was helping Aunt Rebecca to cook them. With many a flattering word he brought the
smiles to the old lady's usual grim countenance.

It had been this way for some time back ; that finest of game, and the rarest of fruits,
he bad left at Aunt Rebecca's kitcheu-door, and was always prevailed upon to stay to tea.
After chatting awhile longer, Ibis evening, with Aunt Rebecca, he said: "I think. Miss
Weaver, while you are putting supper on the table I will go and look for Miss Jennie."

He found her bringing in the milk — two pails, full to running over. *' Let me help
you, Miss Jennie," he said; and before she knew it he had taken the pails from her hands
and was walking by her side.

" Just the man," said Aunt Rebecca to herself, as she

passed from the pantry to the table with a pitcher of rich

and saw them walking together toward the house.

Just the place I intend to have," said Moses Powers

self, as be deposited the pails of foaming milk at the

dairy, and then went in with Jennie to supper.

One morning not long after Moses Powers called, and
asked to see Jennie alone. Aunt Rebecca, with many mys-
terious signs and nods, bade Jennie to go into the parlor
where he was wailing. Jennie lingered long at the side
hall-door before she went in. She had seen this moment coming for some time. She
had a struggle now with herself before she gave up her freedom, and hesitated as she
stood at the side-door, looking out. Tom, a hoy hired at the farm, passed the door, and,
looking up, said : " Your Aunt Rebecca's getting ready to go into the parlor." Jennie
hesitated no longer, but went iu ; it could be only a choice in tyrants. So it ended, at

last, that between two strong
wills a weaker yielded, and in-
y't^^ ^^^PyZ^f^, .^'''^iy' /Z-iC^", experienced, unworidly Jennie
Weaver became Moses Powers's
wife.

They only remained a year
on the farm ; then Moses Pow-
ers took his wife and moved
far-seeing eye knew that he
could grow up with this town,
and, by using Jennie's money,
which thay lived for many years
opportunity to i

y^p^iS^^t^y'^^^. ^yA^^, ,.,<d^^ .

In the 1

lely rich n

Jennie became a household drudge, with neither

thing. Moses Powers had very cleverly gotten rid of Aunt Rebecca in the first

of his marriage, so the heaviest work in the house fell to Jennie's lot now. Three beau-

. -,..,..., , , ., . , . , ; ti'ul children were born to Jennie, and if in all her life she had lacked something to

A special mvitation is here extended to our pupils in penmanship who followed the i „ , „, , . „ .- c i n u j . ■ i n l .

.-..%... i,. .... I ^ove, her whole nature was now satisfied. One boy and two girls were all her own, and

1 the Journal, to come to the Convention of the Business Educators' Asso
Hon of America, to be hold iu Washington, D. C, beginning July lOth, and continuing
four days. We know, if you como, you will be delighted with the Convention, and with

would burst into tl:
flying whenever she
even waiting to kno'
Jennie did not dare :

Ashamed of Mother.

By Mary E. Mahtin.

Old farmer Weaver left this world without disposing of the many broad acres be
called his own ; and his pretty daughter Jennie came into possession of his wealth. Not
a friend had Jennie but her old maiden Auut Rebecca, and soon would it all have slipped
through Jennie's unworldly fingers but for the generalship the old lady kept over her.
■ you dare to do it, Jennie Weaver I" was llie usual exclamation Aunt Rebecca
room with — her spectacles set up on her nose, and her cap-strings
iw a tenant, or an applicant of any kind, enter the house. Without
sist Aunt Rebecca's will.

" I tell you. Aunt Rebecca," said Jennie, after one of these interviews, " I must have
an agent to attend to my atfaire."

"Have an agent, Jennie Weaver !" screamed the old lady; "what for? To cheat
you out of everything you've got? You will end your days in the poor-h-'use yet! Only
yesterday you lowered the rent for that lazy Bill Mitchell. I don't know what you
wouldn't do if I didn't look after you. Give nie them keys; you ain't going to touch
them papers in that secretary unless I am present."

Jennie, from force of habit, handed the keys she held in her hands to the old lady.
The next moment a soft flush stole over her face, and she was angry with herself for
yielding. But what was she to do ? Since her motber'a death Aunt Rebecca had ruled
V she was not strong enough to throw off the yoke. Although farmer
I rich uian, Jennie had only the education lliat could be gotten at the dis-
trict school. Her attendance even there had been so irregular that she could learn hut
little. When asked by her teacher why she was absent, her answer would often be: "I
had to stay to hand tile; they were laying a draiu, and were short of hands." It was not
strange, then, that, although now quite a grown young lady, she was as obedient as a
child, and was so ignorant that she could smrcfXy write her own name.

T<» do Aunt Rebecca justice, in all her meddling with Jennie's afi^airs she only had
her interest at heart. She would have been glad at any time to have seen her married
to some good man who would have taken the whole business from her hands. Even
here she had her anxieties: a husband could spend Jennie's money; and Aunt Rebeoca
bogau to look about her for the right kind of a man. It was with a smile of satisfaction,
then, that Aunt Rebecca, one evening, opened the kitchen-door at a sound of a low tap.
There, standing before her, was Moses Powers, who had taught the district school for
several years. He had worked his way into the goodwill of the simple country people by
transacting many a little affair of business for them. It seemed intricate enough until his
quick brain made it clear to them.

The sinking sun sent its rays
saw Mo8c« standing on the steps.

" Good evening, Miss Weaver," he said ; " I have brought you up some fine-flavored
^rout for supper. I have been fishing in the stream that runs through the farm, and

Weaver \

B the kitchen-door as Annt Rebecca opened it, a

she made herself a slave that they might have some of the things that had not come
into her own life. Just as little money did Moses Powers let them have as their absolute
wants demanded. "Not yet," he would always say ; " every cent must be kept in my
business; hut the day will come when I sliall be able to spend what I like."

As her daughters grew older, Jennie became more and more conscious how she
lacked iu education. More and more she felt it, and her heart ached almost to breaking
one day as she overheard her two daughters eay : " I tell you, I don't believe mother can
even write." This was from her oldest daughter, Ophelia.

" What makes you think so ? " the young<;r answered.

" Well, may be she can," Ophelia said ; but I never saw her with a pen iu her hand,
and if there is any writing to do she always makes rne do it. I tell you, I should be
ashamed to let anybody know that my own mother did not know how to write — I should
be ashamed of her."

" Hush 1 " the younger answered ; " she might hear you."

Hear them she did, and cried over it until she was sick. What a coward she felt her-
self, she wouldn't dare own to those two children. Above everyone living she would
rather anyone should know than Iier two daughters, as bitteriy as she lamented it. The
fact was before her — she could not write. She might sign her name, but what else she
come to her. Now it was too late — she could not go to school again.

When the two girls were twelve and fcmrteen, and the son sent away to school,
Moses Powers concluded that he could now take money from his business to build him
a home, and Uve difl"erently. He built a substantial mansion, with beautiful sloping lawn,
filled with trees and shrubs. It was long before Jennie felt at home in it, and every
attempt to entertain the new and elegant friends that now began to come into Moses
Powers's life was what he thought siich a failure that he dropped into the habit of
entertaining them at the hotel — Jennie little dreaming that it was because he «as
ashamed of her.

It was one day after dinner, a few years after they had moved into their new home,
that Moses Powers lingered in the sitting-room — something quite unusual. "I have
something I would like to talk over with you," he said, as he settled down into a chair.

Jennie looked her surprise ; it was rarely that he had ever consulted her on any
subject.

" I was just going to say," Moses Powers continued, " that I have made arrange-
ments for our two daughters to go away to school. As they need many things that you
cannot procure for them, 1 shall take them with me and spend the Summer with some
of my friends. They will see something of refined life before entering school."

Moses Powers dreaded his task, but he was not prepared for the look that swept

r the \

" What 1 " she exclaimed
He did not tell her that it

did he understand why she so

her that whispered

yet, thoso words of Opheli

That decided hei

could give them.

They c

" Give up my children for a year ? "

7&a for several that she would ha^e to give them up, nor

iddenly agreed to let them go; but there came up before

between the two girls. It seemed to ring in her ears

I do believe our mother does not know how to write."

they should go — they should never do without an advantage that shi^

Each year now was bringing her to know of all she liad lost.

i

me back, after a few years, the Misses Powers, daughti
" Elegant and accomplished youLg ladies," so the morning papers

D»atic«d. They were so elegant
that their mother felt that they
were strangers; so stylish that
flhe felt poorly dad beside them.
of his daoghtere, and now speot
more time at home. For a year
or two he bad, with the tilightetit
cause, and often
flowD into such gusts of »
and passioD that his pour
she hoped it would be different. It mys-
tified her what these gusts of passion
conld mean. They went as quickly as
they came, and did not leave a trace of
anger. Poor woman ! she little k
that it was to wear out her patience, and
force her to live separately. Moses Powers
bad grown ashamed to present her as his
wife. He would not have owned that his
wife did not kno

Moses Powers and his daughters went
mach into society. It was understood, in
their fashionable world, that his wife was

a little queer—" In fact, just a little "

said one of his friends to anotlier, tapping
his forehead with his finger significantly.
So people soon ceaeed to ask fur her.

Misses Ophelia and Grace 1
huldiug a deep and secret consultation
their own rooms. At last,
Miss Ophelia said: "I
think that it is our best
plan. I have talked the
matter over with father,
and he approves. In fact,
thinks it the only
for us to pursue. Father
id we have ac-
uany invitations
ust entertain in
" That
lia, " that at luQch none of
the older members of the
family should appear, and
that meets our case. I
should just die of mortificat
should fiud out that our mi
even know how to write. I have found out
that — I asked father one day."

"Well," said Grace, "you will have to
explain to mother that she must not appear
at lunch; for I would not burl her."

Ophelia did explain, but failed to make
her mother understauil. " I never heard of
such a thing, Ophelia— a mother can't he in
the room when the daughters have a party."
"I wonder," said Mrs. Powers to herself,
as she went up the stairs to her own room,
" what Aunt Itebecca would have said if I
had ordered her not to come iuto the room
when I bad a party." She laughed a low
laugh as she called up the old lady's figure,
with her Hying cap-utrings.

is rich,
cepted St
that we

way"

laughed a low
Cards wen
Misses Powei
of a well-kn
no suoli thint

id then sighed,
sent for the lunch, and the
put everything iuto the hands
ivn caterer, w here there was
At the very last,

Ophelia gave the injunction to her mother
to he certain not to make her ajipearance.
As she was silent, Ophelia thought she had
overcome her with the grandeur of the
entertainment.

Mrs. Powers stood .at an upper window
as' the carriages deposited their graceful oc-
cupants, one hy one, at the door. She
watched loug after, till the murmur of
voices from the parlors told her how pleas-
ant it was for them. A*, last her house-
wifely love overcame every other feeling,
and she thought she would at least see if
everything was in order in the dioing-room.
She opened one of the side-doors at the
inopportune moment when the company
were coming in two and two, with Miss
the most approved fashioiiable walk.

" How-dy-do, ladies t" said Mrs. Powers
from the door-way, in her most cordial and
warm-hearted tones. "I hope you will
eal good time. Bnt, Ophelia, don't
that way, or you might topple

In an aside she added : " I tl:
she had broke herself of the habit of
ing on her heels; she used to do it when
she was a child."

Miss Ophelia and her guests passed on —
Ophelia as rigid as a statue ; not a sign did
she show that she was nearly overcome
with mortification.

Mrs. Powers made her appearance again
in the parlor, just as the guests were leav-
ing. The two sisters stood just inside the
parlor-door, and to several uf their guests
they ended their remarks in quite a high
key that seemed to give Mrs. Powers much
concern. She lingered after the last guest
Hurried you ; you talked mighty llighty just
before they left." Before she had finished
speaking, her daughters had passed her,
coldly and silently, on their M-ay to their

It sooo leaked out how Mrs. Powers had
made her appearance at the lunch. Prom
that tjme Moses Powers's gusts of passion
became more frequent. At last there was
no effort made to hide them, and Mrs. Powers
appealed to her son to know what they
meant. " Father intends to wear you out,
and force you to live separately. Ho wUl
have a fashionable wife, or none."

The time came sooner than even her son
thought. Not three squares away a palatial
residence had been in progress for some
time. Now it was completed in every way.
In the Pall, when Moses Powers and his
daughters returned from their Summer trip,
they took up their abode there ; were well
domiciled when Mrs. Powers knew not even
oC their return. Inside and out of Moses
Powers's new residence showed where the
hand of art had been at work. There was
nothing like it in the city. His friends ad-
mh-ed the quiet, gentlemanly way that he
had disposed of a partially insane wife, and
the fashionable Ufe went on as gay as ever
for Moses Powers and his daughters.

Mrs. Powers lived on alone in the home,

'No," she said.

while music and .d;

below her. In

me and live with him and his wife,
one should be again
She did not let her
trouble overcome her. She aroused herself,
and determined to impntve. Her son found
her sitting, looking sad enough, though,
when he went in one afternoon. " Oh, my
son," f-he said, " if only I could write ! "
Then she told him of the conversation she
had heard of her two daughters when they
were children. " I know that was the be-
ginning of their being ashamed of me. Oh,
my son, if only I could write \ "

"Did you never know how to write?"
cautiously asked the son ; for he was very
careful of wounding her.

"Yea," she answered, "a little; hut I
never knew much, and hard work made me
dislike to improve, and now I cannot go to
school."

" You can learn without going to school,
mother; " and her son then told her how,
every day of tlie year, hundreds of people
were constantly improving their handwrit-
ing.

" But not people of my agef "

" Yes," he answered; "people quite as
old aa you. But you are not old— just a
little over forty ; and you are very beautiful,
still, mother." He then brought her speci-
mens of beautiful handwriting, and showed
her the old hand, and contrasted it with the

" Do you think I could ever improve like

" Yes," he answered ; and she did. She
practiced for many a day, until she did write,
and that most beautifully ; and she did not
cease her improvement with writing alone ;
she improved in every way. But she con-
fided to her son one day: "It was such a
comfort that 1 could improve in writing,
without asking a teacher to show mo— such
a comfort that I could learn to write in my

Mrs. Powers was not, and
bad never been, a weak wo-
man ; but her nature was so
kiudly that it could not rid*^- its
will over the heart-aches and
pains of others. Now she wh»
aroused to the fact that she
owed herself a duty. There
was a classmiite of her sou's
going to spiud
persuasion she joined this family in a
tour of Eurojte — determined to improve
hy travel just as she had improved so
successfully in writing.

A ypar had passed since Moses Powers
had taken possession of his palatial resi-
dence, and he determined to give an
ent to far surpass anything his
friends had given. A long list of i

sent out, including the best
of the
On the evening of the entertainment a
long canvas awning exleudeil from the
door to the carriage, protecting the
guests from any inclemency of the
weather. Long strips of handsome car-
pet kept their feet from any dampness
on the pavement.

ment the lights gleamed out into the
darkness, and betokened the festivity
within. Orchestra played ;
Howers, in grand profii-
placod every-
making the air heavy with
their perfume. The Misses
ed with great

distinguished

guest. She was

ccntly dressed, and, aa she

walked, her diamonds

gleamed and Hashed; her

father, watching her from

felt content. She was his ideal of a

iled here

honored guest in passing.

a distam
fashionable
and there o
he felt that he had reached that high point
in fashionable life to which he had so long
aimed. The guests danced or wandered at
will through the handsome rooms. At a
late hour they left. The house was closed.
A sleepy servant or two lingered to put
away some forgotten things. Moses Powers
sought his couch, satisfied with himself and
all the world. The house was still- all
were locked in sleep. But one guest
unbidden and unseen, stayine

Moi

Bcft

morning Moses Powers found himself alone
with death. He struggled, tried to call,
but died — died as unattended as the poorest.
What was the consternation of all when
search was made for his will that all of his
vast wealth was left to his wife alone t
Written, no doubt, in his earlier married
life, when aotre spark of gratitude was felt
toward the woman whose money he had
freely used. No later wHl was found, and
Mrs. Powers's sou wrote to her, telling her
how his sisters were left. Back she came
from over the sea. What for ! To remind
them how they had been ashamed of her,
but were now dependent upon horf No;
to forgive them before they asked as only
a mother would. But Miss Ophelia,
through all the mortification she felt at be-
ing compelled to take half from her mother,
found time to hold up the ext|ui8itely-writ-
hardest thing to get over yet ! I have
always said mother could not write, but she
writes the most beautiful baud I ever saw."
There, in full view, was the I eautiful letter
their mother had written them before she
should see them. But only One knew the
weary days it had taken the hand stiffened
by years of hard work to learn to write so
beautifully.

Sample copies of the Joorkal, JO cents.

^J: z w M

""-^'^T^:. -%5><^

Letter- Writing.

Articlk VI.

Br D. T. Amf.8.

The very low ratee of postage, together
with the safe and quick transmissiou
cif matter by mail in inodeni times, has
made the poet a wooderfol agency for social,
aa well aa commercial and diplomatic, inter-
course, and in these days of universal edu-
raliou when the person who cannot read
and write iB a disgraced etceptioD, a know-
ledge of the various requisites for letter-
writing is iDdispensahle to any aspirant to a
fair standing id the business or.^social

lu our former articles we have considered,
and presented examples of, business and
miscellaoeons correspondence. We will
now consider what may be styled social
correspondence, under this head may be
classed all those written communications
iuci<Ieal to a lady or gentleman, as active
members of society, such as notes of invita-
Istion, etc., etc. While many of these are
usually more or less formal in their con-
struction, there is still ample opportunity
for a display of the real genius of letter-
writing. This will be best done in a free,
easy and natural style, as we would speak
to, or converse with, a friend face to face.
Formality in social correspondence should
he avoided as far as possihte. There is
little satisfaction in recoguizing in the
phraseology of a letter the standard forms
of a text-book, nor is our conception of the
genius and attainments of its author
liightened thereby; the vpriter's self should
appear in his correspondence.

A note of introduction and reply i
erly more brief and formal than a:
other written communications ; the
panying forms will serve as esampU

* prop-

DlNNKR In

siallti

Mr. &. Mrs. A. J. Goodfkllow

Rpfpiest lh« pleaaiire of the Company of

Mr. &. Mils. Hamilton W. Wklcome,

AT DINNER,

On Tuesday, June 1st.

At Seven o'clock.

R. S. V. P. Lincoln Ave.

AcCKPTANCr.

Mil. & Mius. Hamilton W. Welcomk

Accept, with pleasure,

Mn. &. Mus. A. J. GOODPELLOW'S

Invitation to dinner, at Seven o'clock,

Tuesday evening, June Itt.

Dl'.OLINATION.

Mit.,& Mus, Hamilton W. Whlcumf.

Regret that a previous engugemeut prevenle

l.the nt^peplnnee of

Mr. & Mrs. A. J. (iooDj-KLLoWs

luvitatiou to Dinner,

Tuesday evening, June 1st.

Wedddjg Ini

Mk. & Mrs. Charles B. HorEtDL

Reiiueat your presence at the marriage of iheir

daughter,

Miss ConNEHA,

Mr. Charlks Loxtrkwell,

pu Munday, May 30th, 168:t,

Al 4 o'clock p. M.,

St. James's Church,

Washington Avenae, Boston.

We scarcely need say that forms for ioTi-
tations must vary to suit a great variety of
purposes and occasions, and that we cannot
Htford the spnce to hero present all these
varied forms. Tliey may bo found, with
detailed iiifonn.ition, in "Hill's Manual,"

which is a work we commend to every
reader of the Journal. As a household
or office book of reference it is most valua-
ble. Several French words and phrases are
of such common use in notes and cards that
we deem it proper to present them with their — maa
definitions, viz.: E. S. V. P., Bepondez, s'il , rural t

I vilU— in the town or city. P. P. C, Pour Whenever occasion calls for a letter of
prendre conge— to take leave. Costume dt ■ apology, it should be promptly and court-
rigucur — full dress, in character. Soiree eouely written. The sincerity of an apology

dansanet—a. dancing party. Bail masque ' is very likely to be judged by its prompt-
iile ball. Fete champctre — a I ness; a late apology needs for itself an
door party. I apology.

<;i'iy,^^^yiir^^»!'.

^^^z-9n*i.

t^ (^u-iu^.2<3, /fdc

,^^i<!^!U^ itM-eA^r—

UJy

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'y,<:U^U^^^/&<^y£sf

'70^1^//,,

G4zJ^'-,iA:QuA-J^,/f^d

d^^^^n^rud'Amy^ii^ryyuy.Ju/ct^^,

yk^tryu

\i^yn^c^J2UnyC<!4^Ju

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C:SIM^^^^,2y^yyJ^4^d^^M^

/i^~i'a^y<r'y^^A^i/^y9n<^l^iir;^.l/^:^Z^/^

S^^.3^^.c^^^^

Iht iibuiie cult are lihah engraccd from mpij c u:\ikd al the o£i:e of the ■'Journal."

I

214 Ai>A3is Street.

June 111, 188S.
My Dkar Jehnie.

1 iruet you will acct^pt my apologj for doI
being prvseDt at your birthday part/, last ereti-
ing. Unexpected circumBtancM prevented me
frum enjoying tbe pleasure. I hope to eee you
very t)uou, wlieu I will explain.

WtHhiiig you the many joys yoii bo well

Affeolionately yuui-s,

Emma Alwakd.
Miss Jkxnie Wood.

Letters of Congratulation.
Whenever a laudable undertaking is
crowned with succesa, or good fortune over-
takes us, or a miflfortuue has been averted,
the pleasure is largely increased by a know-
ledge that friends share with us ourhappi-
□eSB, and suph are occasions for congratu-
latory messujKea. They should bo brief, but
cordial and hearty in their expressions.

May S4th, 28SS.
PIvANe uccept my moBt hearty congratula-
lious upon the oucceesful completion of the
crowning work of human engineering ekill —
rhe New York and Brooklyn Bridge.
Yours very truly,

Cviius W. Field.
Col. Washington A, Roebling,
Brooklyn, N. Y.

In our next article we shall treat of let
ters of friendship

The University of Vienna i§ said to have
more than 200 professors ; the University
of Berlin, about 180; Leipsic, J50; Jena,
75.— Notre Dame Scholastic.

The new compulsory education law of
Rhode Island requires that every child be-
tween the ages of seven and fifteeo years
shall have sixteen weeks of school each

Webster at fifteen ; Story at twenty ; Chan-
nisg at eighteen ; Longfellow at eighteen ;
Euiersou at eighteen. — Notre Dame Schol-

Ainherst College Library has 43,705
bound volumes; Cornell University, 46,500
bound volunoee and 14,000 pamphlets ;
Brown University, 5:1,000 bound volumes
and 17,000 pamphlets; Columbia College
about 55,000 bound volumes ; Harvard
University, 2fi9,0G() bound volumes and
222,427 pamphlets.

[It

Educational Fancies.

every instance where the t

Educational Notes.

[Co,

L^ .^..^.^..v.ous for this Department may

New York. Brief educational items aolicited.]

School population of Kansas, ^57,920.
be sent there.

There are in Illinois eight female county
superintendents of schools.

The new President of Trinity is to re-
ceive \$10,000 salary a year.

The new observatory of Columbia Col-
lege is to have a paper dome.

The Governor of the Province of Shan-
ghai, China, is a graduate of Yale.

Nathaniel Hayes, of Boston, who died
recently, left Harvard University more than
\$250,000.

Amherst will soon have a new library
building suitable for 230,000 volumes.—
Concordiensis.

Rev. Joseph King, of Allegheny City,
Pa., was recently elected to the presidency
of Hiram College.

Oxford University authorities are think-
ing of abolishing the wearing of gowns on

Bancroft, the historian, is to deliver the

The National School of Elocution will
hold a session atCobourg, Ontario, Canada,
from July 2d to August 10th.

All the English Cabinet, save Mr. Cham-
berlain, are University men— seven Oxford
and six Cambridge.- .4*(rtim.

A bust of Charle's Sumner, valued at
\$1000 is to be presented to Bates College
by the senior class of that institution.

Vermont. — Arunah Huntington, an
eccentric Canadian, left \$200,000 to be
divided between the public schools of Ver-

The graded schools of St. Paul, Minn.,
are so crowded that about half of the pupils
attend in the forenoon and the other half in
the afternoon.

The bequest of Stephen Girard, originally
two million dollars, bai been so carefully
and suoce-ssfully managed as to be valued at
twenty millions.

Albion College, Michigan, proposes to
make a now departure in classical education.
It will teach all modem languages first, and
ancient afterwards.

used in this department is known, the
proper credit is given. A like courtesy fr

this department
ureuii. is given. A '"
will be appreciated.]

Professor: "Who

^position (

Peter Ill's
mother?" -S^urfeni (noted for never being
in want of an answer); "Why— er— the
sister of bis aunt."— (Applause.)

In the kingdom of Siam all college stu-
dents are allowed but two wives. This is
shameful. They are putting more rules on
every year. After a while they will prob-
ably be limited to one. The freshmen
should certainly kick.— College Mercury.

It takes twenty blows of a hammer in the
bands of a woman to drive a tenpenny nail
three inches. She misses the nail twice
where she hits it once. How many blows
does she strike in all, and how far can her
voice be heard when she strikes her thumb t

A VERV Solomon.— Teacher with read-
ing class. Soy (reading): "And as she
sailed down the river—" Teacher : "Why
are the ships called 'she'?" Boy (pre-
cociously alive to tlie responsibilities of his
sex) : " Because they Deed men to manage
them."

Student translates: " And you shall eat
yourself full for ouce in your life." Pro-
fessor: "What does 'full' modify?" Stu-
dent hesitating, the professor continues im-
patiently : "Come, come, who is full?"
Student: "Yourself." Mueic by the band.
—Cornell Sun.

A Brooklyn boy wrote
the subject of the Quak
scribed as a set who never quarreled, never
gut into a fight, never clawed each other
and never jawed hack. The production
contained a postscript in these words : "Pa's
a Quaker, but ma isn't."

Keokuk Gate City : A teacher in one of
our schools propounded the following ques-
tion to her class of little ones : " If you
c*n buy one elate-pencil for one cent, how
many can you buy for five cents ? " A
bright little lad promptly responded : "You
kin git eight down town."

"Now, boys, recite your verses; then
you can coast." " I'd rather be a door-
keeper in the house of the Lord than dweU
m the tents of the wicked," repeated the
older lad. " So'd I," ejaculated the junior
youth ; and away he Hew after his sled be-
fore the father had time to remonstrate.

"How do you find the third side of a
trinngle?" asked an Austin teacher of one
of his pupils. Tlie boy grumblingly said
iu a low voice thatihe teacher wasa doukey.
"Say it over again, Johnny, and speak up
one," replied the pedagogue, who i.« a little
deaf.— Teros Siftings.

A New York schoolgirl says her studies
are arithmetic, algebra, geography, as-
tronomy, grammar, United States history,
general history, etymology, spelling, com-

singing by note. It looks as U her educa-
tion is being sadly neglected. Unless
French, Latin, mental philosophy, calculus,
civil engineering, and hydrostatics are added
to her studies she will be totally unfit to
assume the duties of a wife and mother a
few years hence. — Norristoum Serald.

A Good Investment.

By Paul Past.nor.
In these days, when money grows, just
like everything else, it is of great advantage
to a young man, with a few pennies in his
pocket, to know how to plant them so as to
get the greatest possible return within the
shortest time. There are thousands of
ways of investing money, but only about a
half-a-dozen of these ways are practicable to
the average young man; and of these half-
dozen ways, always one may be selected
which is the best for him, all things con-
sidered. As many men — so many ways of
getting on in the world. No two business
>r professional men I have ever seen were
jxactly alike in their schemes and methods

A great deal depends, then, upon finding
what one is suited for, and investing all
one's capital, talent, time or money, in that
direction. I believe that everyone of us
comes into this woHd with his place pro-
vided for him. If he lives rightly, be will
find it; if not, it is quite probable that he
will lose it. Now I hold that the beat in-
vestment which a young man can make of
S50, \$100- S200, to bring tlie figures down
within the reach of all, is to jiut the money
into the line of his natural tastes. He will
very soon find out what these are. I do
not believe that there is a young man in
the United States who has not his individual
"bent"; and it he takes the slightest
thought about himself, he will know what
that bent is plenty early enough to direct
his energies to its carrying out.

Let us suppose that a young man is con-
vinced that he is " cut out " for mercantile
life. But this is not enough ; he ought to
and will, know what branch of mercantile
life he prefers. So far so good. We will
take it that he is fond of 6gurea and calcu-
lations, and has a good head for what may
be called " results." In such case he very
wisely decided to start out in life at the
business desk— as a book-keeper, if lie can
get the position. He has, let us say, to
begin vrith, \$75. Now there are two ways
inwhich he ean use this money ; and it is
just here that a great many promising
young men make the grand mistake of their
lo ean take The money, go to the
city, and support himself on it while he is
looking for a position; or he can go im-
mediately to some collegiate institute or
business college, expend his \$75 to the last
cent in getting a good fit, and then step
straight into the position provided for him
by the management of the institution.

Now which of these two ways is the
good investment ; which best subserves the
natural aptitude of the man, and brings
him the quickest and fairest returns?

The young man who went directly to the
city, and invested his \$75 in "hunting a
situation,'' likely as not, was successful-
successful, that is, in so far as to gel some
subordinate, poorly paid position at once,
where his ealary and attainments balancing
about equally for a. long time, he is kept
"on the threshold," as it were, of success
until many of his brightest dreams and
warmest aspirations are, in the expressive
language of the Irishman, " killed to death."
He did not make a good investment of his
little seed-money. He was not wise enough
to see that he needed perparation before he
began his work. He waa in too great haat«,
and consequently sufl^ered in the long run.
He began making money before his cajui-
panion, truly, but that was all the advantage
case is like that of a man who starts out to
go to a distant town, on foot, early in the
morning, whereas another and wiser man
waita until the day's work is well in hand.

and then goes leisurely and swiftly to the
same placs by train. On the way he passes
the man who started early —footsore, weary,
ready to drop by the waysilo. The man
who started last gets to their common des-
tiuatioD first, Trausacts his business with
pleasure and ease, and is perhaps enjoying
a good souni sleep when the foot-traveler
limps into town, too utterly fagged out and
broken down to do anything hut sink into
a troubled stupor at the first resting-place
he comes to— if. indeed, he has strength and
pers.'verance enough to roach his deatiua-
nation at all.

Tlie swift, scientific traveler is a good
likeness for the young man who makes the
best investment of money, time, and talent.
A business college education is the same
thing to a man's mind, in the way of rapid
and iron roads are to the rapid transit of
his body. " If it pays to take a good long
start," it certainly pays to be ready before
one starts. I thiuk I am not exaggerating
when I say that \$50 or \$100 put into a good,
the two most important branches of pen-
manship and book-keeping — will be worth
more to a young man in the first five years
of business life than \$100 put into a part-
nership, or investetl in getting an incom-
petent person a good situation — which it is
not at all likely that he cau keep. So I
say to all iho young readers of the Journal
second into your pocket. It will prove a
good investment.

Co-Kducation.

By Viiov. H. Russell, Jolimt, III.
One of the grandest and noblest signs of
educational progress is the universHl demand
that woman as well as mau shall enjoy
the God -given right to he educated. And
that grand maxim given to us iu the sub-
lime old Declaration of ludependence— All
men are born with inalienable rights — seems
now to embrace much more, and the press
and people everywhere seomtc* be well nigh
unanimous in demanding that education, be
it of whatever kind it may, if it is good for
man is equally good for
influence, applaud tht
into line with the rest of the pre,
pudiate the atrociously silly dogu
Dix, in his ctlorts to secure the exclusion of
woman from Columbia College. And what
is BtUl better, I am glad to see, is our busi-
ness colleges falling into line, led by our
noble friend Packard, and demanding, in
earnest and emphatic terms, an equal
chance for both young ladies and gentle-
meeting with the hearty co-operatii
support of I

best and most progressive of men, and it is
sincerely to be hoped that the hat-eyed Rip
Vau Winkles will take heed lest they be
crushed beneath the juggernaut wheels
of educational progress. Everywhere that
this system has been introduced it has
worked to a charm, and
best of satisfaction, and is
by all of the best teachen

For the past two years I have giv
special trial iu my own school, and an
than pleased with the result, and from
of schools from Maine to Texas coi
me the undeniable evidence, that wb
it has been tried it is working to a ch
Women everywhere, are holding m
the most responsible and important positions
as teachers, and to deny tlieui the means of
securing a thorough education in all branches
is one of the most glaring and foolish ab-
surdities of the age, and smacks so strongly
of the barberism of the Dark Ages that it
canuot, nor will not, be tolerated by right-

splendid
and fall

^ of Dr,

Lud all the

jiven the very
recommended

of

Persons desiring a single copy of the
Journal must remit ten r-.enis. No att«6-
tion will he given to postal-card reqneeUi

fl/jr ffirfP EN M A N "-S viS

New York and Brooklyn
Suspension Bridge.

The above cut preBenis an excellent view
of the Brooklyn liridge, which was opened
to the public un May •24th. The following
elatistics will serve to convey eome idea of
il« coDstructioD and inaenltude :

Conalnic

New YoT

k towor conltilas 4»i.ms cubio yards masonry

Bnwklyn

ton«r ooDtoui* 38,311 oubio yards ma«oiuy.

l^iigtl. o

nTerspao, 1.595 feel Cinohw.

Le..g.l. o

liiQd B)>aus, 930 fuel, and leOO feet.

Lengib .

lirooklyn appro&ob, 971 feel.

Lf Dgth o

Nuvr Yurk approaoli, l.S6'2 feel G inches.

Clear Light of bridge
Sigh-watorul 90 degrees 1
Uight a Boor at lywe

V eight. ;

) high-water, 119 (

Tho nM ol bridge, otct JIS.OOO.OOO.
Beyond a doubt, the bridge, as a whole,
constitutes the grandest monument of human
genius and skill that the world has

To 1

I grand work of art, we have
deemed it proper to devote considerable
space of our present issue, and we cannot
do belter than to quote from the able and
happy Address delivered by the Hon. Abram
Hewitt at the celebration of the bridge
opening. He said :

In no iirevious period of the world's bis-
toty could this bridge have been built.
W ithm the last hundred years the greater
part of the knowledge necessary for its
erection has beeu isained. Chemistry was
not boru until 1770, the year when political
economy was uahered into the world by
Adam bmith, aud the Declaration of lodi-
peudenoe was proclaimed by the Conuneutal

tained at the
point of the sword by George
Washington. In the
year Watt produced his suc-
ceBsful steam engine, and a
century haa not elapsed since the first
fipeciraen of his skill was erected on this
contiueat. The law of gravitation was
indeed known a hundred years ago, but
the iutricate laws of force which now con-
trol the domain of industry had not been
developed by the study of physical science,
and their practical applications have only
been effectually accomplished within our
own day, and indeed, some of the most
important of them during the building of
the bridge. For use in the caissons, the per-
fecting of the electric light came too late,
though happily in season for the illumina-
tion of the finished work.

This construction has not only employed
every abstract conclusion aud formula of
mathematics, whether derived from the
study of the earth or heavens, but the whole
structure may be said to rest upon mathe-
matical foundation. The great discoveries
of chemistry, showing the composition of
water, the nature of gases, the properties of
metals, the laws and processes of physics,
from the strains and pressures of mighty
masses to the delicate vibrations of mole-
cules, are all recorded here. Every depart-
ment of human industry is represented, from
the quarrying and cutting of the stones, the
mining and smelting of the ores, the con-
version of iron into steel by the pneumatic
process, to the final shaping of the masses
of metal into useful forms and its reduction
into wire so as to develope in the liighest
degree the tensile strength which fits it for
the work of suspension. Every tool which
tho ingenuity of man has invented has some-
where, in some special detail, contributed its
sliare in the accomplishment of the final

■■ Ah ' what u wonderous thiog it is
One word, out. thought cau set iu motion."

But without the most recent discoveries
of science, which have enabled steel to be
substituted for iron — applications made
since the original plans for the bridge were
devised— we should have a structure fit, in-
deed for use, but of such moderate capacity
that we could not have justified the claim
which we are now able to make, that the
cities of New York and Brooklyn have con-
structed, and to-day rejoice in the possession
of, the crowning glory of an age memorable
for great industrial achievements.

This is not the proper occasion for de-
scribing the details of this undertaking.
This grateful task will be performed by the
engineer in the final report, with which
every great work is properly committed to
the judgment of posterity. But there are
some lessons to be drawn from the hasty
considerations I have presented, which may
encourage and comfoit us as to the destiny
of man and the outcome of human pro-

What message, then, of hope and cheer
does this achievement convey to those who
would fain believe that love travels hand
in hand with light along the rugged path- I
way of timet Have the discoveries of
science, the triumphs of art and the pro-
gress of civilization, which have made its
construction a possibility and a reality, pro-
moted the welfare of mankind and raised the
great mass of the people to a higher plane
of lifet

Changes \\-eiCH the Bridue
Illustrates.
This question can best be answered by
comparing the compensation of the labor
employed in the buildingof this bridge with
the earnings of labor employed upon works
of equal magnitude in ages gone by. The
money expended for the work of construc-
tion proper on the bridge, exclusive of land
damages and other expenses, such as in-
terest, not entering into actual cost, is nine
million (\$9,000,000) dollars. This money
has been distributed in numberless channels
— for quarrying, for mining, smelting, for
fabricating the metals, for shaping the ma-
terials and erecting the work, employing
every kind and form of human labor. The
wages paid at the bridge itself may be
taken as the fair standard of the Mages paid
for the work done elsewhere. These wages

. 11.75

Averagt.

Taking all these kinds of labor into
count, the wages paid for work on
bridge will thus average \$2.50 per day.

Now if this work had been done at
time when the Pyramids were built, v,
the skill, appliances and tools then in i
and if the money available for its eiecut
had been limited to nine million (\$9,000,000)
dollars, the laborers employed would have
received an average of not more than two
cents per day in money of the same pur-
chasing power as the coin of the present
era. In other words, the eflect of the dis-
coveries of new methods, tools and laws of
force has been to raise the wages of labor
more than a hundred fold in the interval
which has elapsed since the Pyramids were
built. I shall not weaken the suggestive
force of this statement by any comments
upon the astounding evidence of progress,
beyond the obvious corollary that such a
state of civilization as gave birth to the
Pyramids would now be the signal for uni-
versal bloodshed, revolution and anarchy.
I do not underestimate the hardships borne
by the labor of this century. They are,
indeed, grievous, and to lighten them is, as
it should he, the chief concern of states*
manship. But this comparison proves that
through forty centuries these hardships have
been steadily diminished ; that all the
achievements of science, all the discoveries
of art, all the inventions of genius, all the
progress of civilization tend by a higher
and immutable law to the steady and certain
amelioration of the condition of society.
It shows that, notwithstanding the apparent
growth of great fortunes, due to an era of
unparalleled development, the distribution ol
the fruits of labor is approaching from ago
to age to more equitable condiiious, and
must, at last reach the plane of absolute
justice between man aud man.

But this is not the only lesson to be drawn
from such a comparison. The Pyramids
were built by the sacrifices of the living for
the dead. They served no useful purpose,
except to make odious to the future genera-
tions the tyranny which reduces human be-
ings into beasts of burden. In this age of
the world such a waste of efl'ort would not
be tolerated. To day the expenditures of
communities are directed to useful purposes.
Except only works designed for defence In
time of war, the wealth of society is now
mainly expended in opening channels of
communication for the free play of com-

and the communion of the human
An analysis of tlie distribution of the
surplus earnings of man after providing
food, shelter and raiment shows that they
are chieSy absorbed by railways, canals,
ships, bridges and telegraphs. In ancient
es these objects of expenditure were
rcely known. Our bridge is one of the
conspicuous examples of this change
in the social condition ol the world, and of
the feeling of men. In the Middle Agps
walled each other out, and the fetters
of prejudice and tyranny held the energies
of man in hopeless bondage. To-day men
and nations seek free intercourse with each
other, and the whole force of the intellect
and energy of tho world is expended in
breaking down tho barriers established by
nature, or created by man, to the solidarity
of the human race.

Writing.

BV W. P. COOPKR.
Why not ut once forego the shapeless lurawl

" What ! ho, my neighbor I bero I your ' A ulogroi' li
" There 'tis. The devil, sir, why do you laagh f "
"Lnughf No; I'm crying, sir; for God's sake Inn

Shaped— nameless, meaningless— so
A half-spelled grouping of unmeaui

"Write fur all rendtngi— nc
MalU to the druggist ooly a

[htly «

. spell a

Vour work aright is really not begun
Until a doceot page you can indite,

Educators oi America.

The Auuual Meeting of the Business
Educators' Asaociatton of America, which
occurs in the City of Washington, D. C,
the second week in July, promises to be
one of the largest and most profitable Con-
ventions of the kind ever held. I most
earnestly appeal to all teachers of book-
keeping and all penmen to he in attendance
aud share the advantages aud pleasures of
the occasion, aud, above all, to aid in elevat-
ing the standard of our professional work
to the highest point of elEciency. We have
made a proud record by our individual
efforts, unaided by endowments and the ac-
cessories that have coutributed so much to
the success of other educational institutions.
Greater advances are yet possible, and these
must come largely from the united eflorls
of the whole profession. Let us, then,
counsel together, and insure that no back -
wark steps be taken.

Respectfully,
A. D. Wilt-
President of the Association,
Dayton, Ohio.

^^=M1

EWMaNS y^i AKI -JOIKVAIJ

^^9^T^

Educator.

!Jv C. K. Carhart.
3/y dear Ames:

asking for a brief sketch of his life-work,
with tho remark that, likb friend Pnckard,
ID tho }rarch number of the JO0BNAL, " }ie
is very modest," ami wishes ine to write
yoti whiit I know in regard to this matter.
For many years I have bireii associated
with Mr. Folsoni, either as a teacher in his
employ, or as partner in business; during
other years I have enjoyed with him tho
pleasure of frequent intercourse and iuter-
ehangc of thought ; and have listened many
times to the story of his life, as connected
with the early days of business educators
and penmen.

Mr. Folsom was one of tho pioneers in
buBincss education, and, like Father Spencer,
from whom Mr. F. acquired the beautiful
hand he still writes, was an enthusiastic and
sueeessful teacher of penmanship.

E. (1. Folsom was horn in tho township
..( Wayne, Ashtabula Co., 0., May J, 1821.
His ratlicr was a farmer, and until the age
■ if siMccii y.iiiuj,' Folsmn worked upon the
fariii. Almiil tlile. time the family romoved
to Young.siuwn, th.-u a sumll village; soon
Hfter this tho fanner-boy, like many others
of latter years, began to grow ambitious,
and, having a taste for the beautiful, as
well as the pratiticul, ho resolved to take
lessons iu ponmausliip (.f the celebrated
P. R. Spencer, whoso fame was then being
widely heralded.

Tliost.' wrn; not tho days of steam and
eltflricity, or of tho "fast mail"; and so
we -MH- liiiii starling out, on foot, for Jefl'cr-
soii— a distance of nearly fifty miles — where
P. K. .Spcinti ua.s then teaching a "writ-
iug-cliiss." Oiw of the members of this
class is now liis higlily- esteemed friend—
whom we all delight to honor as a true
man, a successful toaohor, and tho ox-
president of the Business Educators' Asso-
ciatiou — R. C. Spencer, tlie oldest sou of
the great penman. Hero, together, from
the author of that beautiful system which
has made Americans the beat writers on
the face of the globe, two of our now. lead-
ing .-dncators took their first lessrms in

of Dr. Henrv Ev.rett. It >

this

peni

Anil \

tlu

, lias bo

di. u IS io-.ia_v lu luauy iv yoimg man, the
"key-nnti-" of his &uef.<»8. Indeed, by the
aid of his beautiful writing, and the faculty
he possessed of imparling it to others, Mr.
Folsom paid his way through college.

At the ago of twenty, after ha\ing taught
pennuiuship at Xew Lisbon and otlier
places, and wishing to go to Cleveland, bo
solicited the privilege of riding there, on
liorsuback, from a dealer in hoi-ses, who
was taking a few out there for sale. Cleve-
land was finally reached, and that, too,
mth an empty pocket. However, meeting
an" old friend (the Rev. Mr. Ely) upon the
street, Mr. Folsom borrowed of him the
sum of twenty-five cents; this was in-
vested in pen, ink, and paper, and soon
yielded ample returns.

At the earnest solicitation of friends, Mr.
Folsom was, the following spring, urged to
go to Oberlin, to begin a couree of study.
Firet canio two years of hard work in the
prejiaratory department; then four yeare in
college; and all this time he paid "bis way
by teaching penuiauship during vacations,
mostly at Cleveland and Detroit. He grad-
uated from Oberiiu in 1847, when Asa
Mahau was pi-esideut, and received the de-
gree of A.B. Ho also took the degree of
A.M., in 1854, when Charlea G. Finney
was president of the collegi-.

Immediately after his graduation at Oher-
lin_, Mr. F<dsom was solicited by the super-
intendent of Public Instruction to take
charge of the penmanship department in
the Cleveland public schools. He did so ;
in the meantime debating what profession
he should follow. His inclinations led him
to take up, fim, the study of theology
under the celebrated C. G. Finney; and,
afterward, the study of medicine, in the of-

time, while teaching in the public schools
and studying medicine, that he opened rooms
in the old "Herald Building" on Bank
Street, for the purpose of teaching book-
keeping and penmanship. This was in
I85I. His efforts met with success, and
soon the work grew into a " business
school," and was incorporated under the
name of " Folsom's Mercantile College"—
tfii Jirst 0/ the kind, with few exceptions,
in the United States. Its success and rapid
growth soon made it necessary to procure
other and better rooms. These were found,
and the college moved, first, to "Miller's
Block," and afterward, to " Rouse's," on
the corner of Superior Street and the " Pub-
lic Square." While the school was in the
former place, Mr. Bacon, of Cincinnati,
came into temporary ownership, but shortly
disposed of it to Mr. E. P. Goodnough,
who, in turn, soon sold it back to the
original owner and founder.

It was during this time that Messrs. H.
D. Strattou and H. B. Bryant, who after-
wards established the celebrated "Inter-
national Chain of Business Colleges," en-
tered upon their course of business studies
at the old " Folsom's Mercantile College."
After completing tlieir studies, Bryant &
Stratton also opened, in Cleveland, the first
link in the great chain of colleges. Tliose

disposed nf his interests lu all these schools,
and has ever, since devoted his energies
exclusively to the Albany College.

During over thirty years Mr. Folsom has
devoted himself steadily to the cause of
business education ; liis aim seems to have
been more to jdace this branch of study
upon an enduring basis than to acquire
wealth. It is scarcely necessary to say that
his ideas are being realized; for if there is
any branch of education which U destined to
supersede all others, both in practical ap-
plication and popular favor, it is that of

In those earlier days Professor Folsom, in
common witli the few schools then in ex-
istence, taught only three branches, viz.,
penmanship, book-keeping and arithmetic.
With the exception of John Gundry, of
Cincinnati, 0-, he was the first to introduce
commercial law into the curriculum of busi-
ness studies. Mr. Folsom certainly was
tJu first to add Political Economy and
Business Ethics. Ho was also among tlio
first, if not the first, iu the Association to
introduce the modern system of " Actual
Practice" into the course of instruction.
Ho also rejoices in the honor of haviug
been the first President of the meeting of
the Eastern and Western divisions of the
"International College Association," at
Chicago; on which occasion. President

believed, but taught tho fact, that bn.ik-
kceping or accounting is as mueh a science,
and is based as surely upon principle and
law, as is that of Mathematicj*. He was
the first to base this science upon the
foundation of value, as illustrated by the
principles of Political Economy, and em-
bodied his ideas in his " Logic of Aceoonta,"
published in 1873, by A. S. Barnes & Co.
This work is now undergoing, at his bands,
an important revision.

Although over thirty years have come
and gone, the veteran teacher is still at bis
post, and imparts his much loved science
with all the vigor of younger days, and
certainly with riper knowledge and es-

AS he glances back over the past, what
memories must sometimes throng the
chambers of his mind ! How the days and
companions of old must flash before him.
There is Spencer, father and sons; there is
Lusk, Rice, Bryant, Stratton, Felton, Pack-
ard, and a bust of others, all the com-
panions of other days. Many gone over
the river of Time; a few, still lingering, toil-
ing lovingly on, in the noble work of mak-
ing men and women self-sustaining, and of
])hicing business education upon a founda-
tion tliat shall stand as impregnable as the
everlasting bills.

i grand old days: P. R. Spencer and
, as teacliors for Bryant &. Stratton, in
one college— Folsom in another; both us-
ing their skill as penmen to the best advan-
tage, and both making it the great "war-
cry." Finally, after a long, sharp, yet
friendly, contest, the two colleges consoli-
dated under the name of the "Bryant,
Folsom, Stratton &. Felton Business Col-
lege."

In 1862 Mr. Folsom sold his interest in
the Cleveland College, with a view of go-
ing to San Francisco and starting a similar
school ; but, instead, came to ,\lbauy, N. Y.,
where he has been actively employed ever
since in his chosen profession: part of the
time, as partner, with Bryant & Stratton,
iu the Albany Business College ; part as
sole proprietor ; and latteriy ( since 1878 )
as partner «ith the writer.

Mr. Folsom took possession of the Al-
ously been opened, by Mr. S. S. Packard,
as the " fourth link in the chain") in 1862,
and iu the Fall of 186:t he established a
school in Troy, N. Y-, which be conducted
for several years in connection with the Al-
bany College; he finaUy sold the Troy
school to J. R. CanieU. During that time
he also became connected with Bryant &

Stratton in other colleges : at Poughkeep- ..

sie, Utica, and Ogdensburgh. FinaUy he i beautiful

Garfield 1
dross.

As a penman, the idea of using the Me-
tronome in writing first originated with him,
and was put to practical use in the old
" Cleveland College."

Professor Folsom has been no^ only an
euthusiastic and successful teacher of busi-
ness men, but also of business teachers
Among'his old students wore : Gray, of the
Portland (Me.) College; J. R. CarneU, of
the Troy (N. Y.) College; J. E. Soulo,
lege"; Wm. H. Clark and J. T. Calkins,
who both, at different periods, ran the
Brooklyn College, and A. J. Corbin, for
many years a successful teacher; also W.
R. Kimberly, who in early days ran the
J. E. Soule. Among the students of latter
years was J. A.'McCall, the present Super-
intendent of the State Insurance Depart-
ment, who is a graduate of the Albany Col-
lege. We could mention a host of others
did time and space permit.

As an author, Professor Folsom is widely
known. The new system of education de-
manded new text-books ; his was not the
mind to rest contentedly at ease, for he saw,
in his chosen field of labor, the dawning of a
that is as useful as it is true, aud as
practical. He not only

Office.
One of the rrjoins of the Post-office De-
partment building has recently been trans-
formed into a museum for the exhibition of
curiosities which have accumulated in the
number several thousands, and embrace
everything imaginable, from a postage-
stamp of tho Confederate StJites to snakes
aud horned toads. Among the relics is a
record of all the valuable letters received
during 1: ? early days of the postal service
in the c ; onies of North America. This
record ;'.. ia the handwriting of Benjamin
FrankliL^ : nd shows that during a period of
eleven y: :-s only 365 letters containing
valuables were sent to the Dead-Letter
Ofifice. The records of the Department
to-day exhibit at a glauce the enormous
difference between the postal service of the
present and of the early days of the coun-
try's history. Tho number of letters re-
ceived at the Dead-Letter Office during the
last year was 4,207,496, or more than 13,
600 each working day. Of this vast num-
ber nearly 20,000 contained money to tho
aggregate value of upward of \$44.000 ; 25,-
000 contained cheeks, drafts, money-orders'
and other papers to the tot*,l value of about
of postage - stamps. This vast amount of
mail matter was sent to tho Dead-Letter
Office because three-fourthe of the addresses
could not be found ; one-eighth were ad-
dressed to guests in hotels who had departed
were insufficiently prepaid, and as many
more were either erroneously or i
scription whatever.

Wherever practicable letters are for-
warded to the parties addressed, if they can
be reached in any manner. If they contain
valuables, and the sender is kno^vn, they are
returned; otherwise tho valuables are sold
and the proceeds deposited in the United
States Treasury. If letter- writers would
exercise an ordinary amount of care, the
majority of the work of the Dead-Letter
Division would be dispensed with, and all
the trouble and auuoyanco of losses by
mail would be avoided. But the business
of this branch of the Post-office Depart-
1 year to year. — Selected.

If you want the best guide ever published
for home inutruotion in practical writing
send *1 for the " Standard Practical Pen-
manship Package," prepared by the Spen-
e«rian Authors for the Pbnuan's Abt

JOCBNAL.

n properly
uo super-

And TEACHERS' GUIDE.

l',ibli«hed Month] 5- at »1 per Yea

glDffla iM-rtion. 30 wnU pflr line nonpwril.
laoD PoS)' kSm llSob II7.V0

LIBERAL INDUCEMENTS.

W" ho[w to fender the JOUKMAI. BafficieiiUy Interert-

rat» sod Hgvnta ; yet. knowing ibal ihe laborer Is worthy

V. ', ' " ' 'I'.r 8125. a cipy

Flourished Eagle 2Jx32.

Bounding Stiig 2it3S.

Lord's Pwyer. .....19x24.

Qarfleld Memorial 19x24.

KiunilyReoord 16x22.

"7jI2

Lii i..t K. °

S

PeiimanBhip,*
oXsrd's Gems

TO CLUBS

ju'i'taliou'

E'^

."".j^srSL

°ol.ol™

Wtheseven

Soojl......

■; too 150

»«»"•-;

»a.7r

57.00

■SSS

"Sa'

'i';i>ij!i.i".j

SSS

odubpri'eo"

fli'M

li

tawtnl

nearly

as poMible on
ei or by RegU

PENMAN'S ART JOURNAL,

LONDON AGEh

CV.

Subsori|>tio

"of'm

r publicutioiu

\mh.

'SdJ

■ Notlcs will b« given by postal-card to subscriber* ai
Ui» ex]ilmtion of their sutMoriptlonB, at whiob time tht
pa|H>r will, in till riuaa, be stopped until the eubsoriplioi

New York, Juke, 1883.

Why Efforts to Forge or Simu-
late Handwriting are
Unsuccessful.

ll is iindovihtedly true that no two wrilers
ever lived who wrote, lu all respects, alike.
However luunh alike two writings may ap-
pear to the tmfamiliar ohserver, there will
always he a multitude of characteristic
diflVreuces apparent to the wrilers them-
selves, aud discoverable by an expert ex-
aminer. In the writing of every adult there
are countless unconscious peculiarities
formed and repeated by the sheer force of
habit, aud which c^iunot be at once and at
will abandoned or avoided.

Writing being a complicated mechanical
struoiure, acijuired at first by study aud
practice, and subsequently modified and
individualized by long practice, presents a
comhiuation of the habit of thought and
meclmnical effort, more complex and full of
habitual detail than any other human ac-
quirement.

differs ia appearance and ohajaoterifltica aa

widely a£ does the physiognomy, style of
dress and general personal appearance of
the writers, aud the writiogs are as certainly
distiognishable 5'om each other aa are the

It sometimes happens that in general ap-
pearance different handwritings, as do differ-
ent persons, have a marked resemblance to
each other, iu which case mistaken identity
is liable j in the handwriting, except by
persons familiar with it or those who make
a careful scienli6c examination, and of the
persons except by intimate acquaintances.
In cases where persons of nearly equal skill
have learned to write by practicing from
the same copies, and who have not subse-
quently changed their hands by practicing
under widely different circumstances, there
may not be the very marked distinguishing
characteristics or personality common to
handwriting.

It is the peculiar eccentricities of habit in
writing as it is the figure, dress, etc., in
persons which leadily and certainly deter-
mine their identity. A person of medium
size, having regular features, without ex-
centricily of habit or dress, makes no marked
impression upon the observer, and is not
readily identified, while a dwarf, cripple,
giant, or person exceptional in drees or
peculiar in habit, challenges attention, aud
is recognized on casual acquaintance or even
at sight. So, difterent writings consisting
of regularly formed letters combined and
shaded according to some standard system,
are liable to have many coincidences of form
and apparent habit, which renders their
identity, when questioned, more or lees
difficult, and sometimes to the superficial
observer uncertain.

Persons are never so identical in form,
features, dress, habit, etc., as to be mistaken
by intimate acquaintances, and usually
where a strong personal resemblance is ap-
parent to strangers, it ceases to be so upon
a more intimate acquaintance. So, two
different handwritings of nearly equal size,
uniform slope, shade, etc., may as a whole,
or in its pictorial efiect, present to the eye
of a novice or casual observer much the
same appearance, while to one familiar with
them or to an expert examiner they would
be without characteristic resemblance.

Of a vast proportion of a writer's pecu-
liarities he is himself unconscious, such as
initial and terminal lines, forms of letters,
their relative proportions, connections, turns,
angles, spacing, slope shading, {in place and
degree), crosses, dots, orthography, punctua-
tion, etc., etc. These peculiarities being
habitual, and mainly unknown, cannot he
successfully avoided through any extended
piece of writing. No writer can avoid that
of which he is not conscious, nor' can any
copyist take cognizance of and successfully
reproduce these multitudinous habitual
peculiarities, and at the same time avoid
his own habit. A writer may with the ut-
most ease, entirely change tlie general ap-
pearance of his writing ; this may he done
by a chq^ge of slope, size, or by using a
widely different pen, yet in spite of all effort
his unconscious writing habit will remain
and be perceptible in all the details of his
writing ; such an effort to disguise one's
writing could be scarcely more successful
than would be a disguise of a person to
avoid recognition.

Extra Copies oi the "Journal"

will be sent firee to teachers and others who
desire to make an effort to secure a club of
sabsoribera.

Remember, you can get the Jodbnal
one year, and a 7S-ceDt book free, for \$1 j
or a \$1 book and the Journal for \$1.25.
Do your friends a favor by telling them.

The Convention.

In another column will be found an au-
Donncement of the Executive Committee of
the Fifth Annual Convention of the Busi-
ness Educators' and Penmen's Association.
of intentioBS to be present, we are confident
that there will be the largest and most
popular Convention ever held by the As-
sociation, and what bids fair to be a new
and exceptional, not to say interesting, fea-
ture, is the avowed intention of a large pro-
portion of the members to go attended by
their wives and daughters. This is a grand
idea. We trust that all who are thus equipped
will make a visible manifestation of the
same at Washington; and those who are
not, might find it a favorable occasion for
mingling honeymoon and business. Let it
be uuderstood, that to be well received,
every member must be attended by one or
more of the fair sex. All communications
respecting the Convention should be ad-
dressed to H. C Spencer, Chairman of the
Executive Committee, Washington, D. C.

Dude Writing vs. Good Writing.
Good writing, it is conceded, must bo
legible, and he executed with freedom and
dispatch. These eseeniial features of prac-
tical writing are promoted best by making
the letters smooth, uniform, simple and eym-

A chirographic "dude," even though in
his school-days he may have been taught a
proper educational standard of writing, will
manifest his dudeism by affecting great
peculiarity in using his pen, and produce
very eccentric, aud, perhaps, ugly forms as
an affectation of superior personality. The
dude prefers English to American penman-
ship, and says it can be laid on with an
ev-ah-so-rouch coarser pen. Educators and
others who can write well yet indulge in
the vice of writing badly, thinking such
guilty of a great error, and are justly
amenable to the charge of dudeimm. The
better phase of business penmanship is its
approximation to a practical edacational
standard. To violate the law of legibility
for fear of being accused of an attempt at
'' high art," or of being pedantic, does not
give one a shade of title to being known as
a business-writer. The use of eccentric,
unusual forms is not business-writing. To
fold rough lines into irregular letters, want-
ing in proportion aud uniformity, gives the
fruition of "low art"; shows an uncouth
touch ; and in many instances indicate that
the mental and physical habits of the writer

Notice.

The stock of Ames's Coinpendiums is ex-
hausted — ^no more can be mailed. A revised
and greatly improved edition is now in
course of preparation, and will be an-

Penmanship Examination.

The superintendent of public schools,
Washington, D. C, Hon. J. Ormond Wil-
son, attaches due importance to penman-
ship. He requires his teachers to become
familiar with the subject ; to instruct sys-
tematically, and to be capable of writing
model letters on the blackboard, for iUus-

The Hand - hook ( Id paper ) is now
offered free as a premium to every peraon
remitting \$1 for one year's subscription to
the Journal. Or, handsomely hound in

At the recent examination of the Wash-
ington Normal School, the following com-
prehensive questions on penmanship were
given, and the candidates for graduation
required to write out the answers ;

let. Describe the proper manner of st/(m^
at the desk and placing the paper or book
and holding the pen.

2d. Name and describe the movements of
arm and hand employed in writing.

yd. Write, oD scales of lines and spaces,
the seven princ^lea ; the short letters ; the

semi-exUnded Utters ; the extended or looped
letters : the capital letters classified ; the
figures ; and make all conform to the 6«aleB.

4lh. What is the rule for spacing the let-
ters in words, for spacing words, for spacing
sentences t Illustrate each rule.

5th. Write systematically, with free
movement, holdiog the pen properly, the
following :

" The purposes of commerce, of epistolary
correepondence, of indentures and varying
records, and the necessity of putting down
our thoughts as they occur aud before they
are forgotten, for review and improvement
in securing maturity of mind, must ever
make the art of writing one of inestimable
value to mankind."

Ambidextrous Writing.

In the September issue of the Jour-
nal a few hints were given, in Mr. Spen-
cer's lesson, respecting ambidextrous writ-
ing. Since theu some of the leading private
schools of New York City have tested the
method, and there are uow several hundred
boys in those scliools who can write with
both liands. About one hundred of them,
principally the sons of hankers, merchants,
men, have sent the Journal specimens of
their efforts in left and right handwriting.
Some of the specimens are very meritorious,
considering the average a^e of the students,
which is only twelve and one- half years.
Among the best specimen sexamined should
be mentioned those of A. Dryer, H. G.
Lapham, W. Lipman, C. Vom Dorp, L. J.
Goetter, A. J. Ottenheimer, U. Glazier,
H. Davidson, C. L. Schurz, R. Jacoby, J.
Friedlander, G. Sidenberg, A. T. Kemp,
E. Jacoby, P. R. Bonner, J. W«issman,
and H. Gould.

It is noticeable that the style of writing
in the specimens examined, written with
the left-hand, is identical with that produced
with the right-hand, showing only the
difference of experience in muscular train-
ing.

In another column will be found an article
bearing upon this subject from that veteran
penman and teacher, C- C. Cochran, pro-
fessor of penmanship aud book-keepiug in
the Pittsburgh (Pa,) High School. Prof
C, in a letter, says, " With the position as-
sumed by you in the May issue of the
writing, I am in full accord." So (our
position rightly understood) will be every
really capable teacher of practical writing.

Prof. Cochran names a long list of teach-
ers whom he says have made numerous
good business vpriters. With him we agree.
Every really skillful teacher of writing has
and is making good business- writers; that
is, they are teaching the elements of good
writing, good form, graceful combinations,
and a free and rapid movement. These qual-
ities, when introduced into business, polished
and fixed by business practice and habit,
make what is known as good business-
writing. It becomes less systematic, and
lacks the formality of professional or school-
room writing. It takes on a personality in
harmony with the character and circum-
stances of each writer. The writing of nu
two of all the thousands of businees-writers
being alike, such writing while it has ati
ease and a certain elegance which school-
room writing does not have from its lack
of precision and system, is not suited to he
copied or imitated, since the varying inaccu-
racies and personalities would lead the learn-
er to such a vacillation in his practice as to
confuse and paralyze his efforts. Hence we
say, that what is known to the commercial
world as " business-writing " is unteacha-
ble ; while, as a fact, that system of instruc-
tion and practice adopted by all good teachers
of writing, and especially in the well con-
making ( united with husine-ss practice ) the
multitudes of superior business- writers, fur
which the Americans, as a raoe, are noted.

The King Club
For this mouth oumbere twenty-jive, and is
Bent by J. F. Whiileather, peonoan at Fort
Wayne (led.) College. The Qaeen Clob
DQinbcre Mvenieai, and ta sent by S. H.
Strite, peuman at the Southern Iowa Nor-
mal School, Bloomfield, Iowa. The third
clab in size Dnmbers sixtttn, aod is sent by
J. H. Bryant, of the Spencerian BusineM
College, Cleveland, Ohio. Clubs have been
□umerous during the post month, hot not
00 large aa during the earlier months of the
year. To the many earnest friends of the
JOUBNAL, and who are doing so much to
e ii3 circulation, we extend our thanks.

Book-keeper's Institutes.

In the early part of last year a movement
was put on foot to organize, in New York
city, an association of book-keepers and
accouulantfi. After holding a few prelim-
inary meetings Ja the parlors of the Metro-
politan hutel, tbo organization was per-
fected; officers were elected, and the society
soon became incorporated under the title of
"The Institute of Accountants and Book-
keepers of the City of New York." The
association secured rooms at 20 Warren
Street, and fitted them up in band-
some style; there the meetings have
since been held. The objects of the
Institute may be explained as three-
fold; rather it may be said that the
society has three chief, or primary,
objects in view, which are: first, the
elevation of tlie profession and the
improvement of its members, which
are to be accomplished through lec-
tures, the reading of Papers, and dis-
cussion of subjects pertinent to their
professional duties ; second, the estab-
lishment of a fund for the benefit of
the families of deceased members, this
to be attained on a basis of uniform
aasessmeuts; third, the aiding of its
members, as occasion may arise, in
securing, through co-operation wiih
merchants, officials of corporations,
for those oat of employment.

There is, of course, through such
an organization, much to be accom-
plished which is not brought to view
in these principal elements of design,
but which will prove of service and
value not only to those following the
profession of book-keeper or account-
ant, but will redound to thu use and
where the society is located. This
Institute is composed chiefly of per-
sons holding positions of trust and
responsibility in many of New York's
most extensive and popular mer-
cantile concerns and corporations, and
the plan of organization is such that only
those in good standing and of acknowl-
edged capability are enabled to become
members. The general officers of the
Institute are President, Edward C. Cockey ;
Vice-president, Albert 0. Field; Secretary,
Thomas B. Conant; Financial Secretary,
Joseph Kodgera; Treasitrer, A. Garrison.
These gentlemen were elected when the
Institute was organized last year, and were
re-elected at the Annual Meeting in March.
An organization of the same character
has been recently formed in Chicago, and
adopted, as its name, '* The Institute of
Accountants and Book-keepers of the City
of Chicago." It starts ofl' with a good
membersliip, and from the large number
of applications for membership reported to
assured. We understand ib;
other of the large cities
taken looking to the foru
and we shall take pleas
done in this direction.

Sample copies of the JotJRNAL i
receipt of_ price, 10 cents.

"It Must Have Been a Special

Is a common observation when an ua-
usoal degree of skill is displayed in the use
of the pen. This idea is not only fallacious,
but is exceedingly pernicious, as regards the
acquisition of good writing, inasmuch as it
tends to discourage pupils who write badly
by leading them to believe that, not having
" the gift " tbey are debarred from becoming

Good writing is no more a gift than is
good reading, spelling, grammar or any
other attainment, and in the same way it is,
and can be acquired, viz., by patient and
studious effort.

Writing is just ae
study and thought as
education. Study mu
with practice. The ■
of writing

much a subject for
any other branch of
t, however, be united

must be learned by
study, while practice must give the manual
dexterity for its easy and graceful execution.
Many persons fail lo become good writers
from not properly uniting study and prac-
tice. Careful study with too little practice
will give writing comparatively accurate in
its form and manner of construction, hut
labored, stifi'and awkward in its execution;

known and appreciated than hitherto, and
tend to somewhat enhance the value of our
diplomas (aw&rded by bim) in the estima-
tion of tbe fortunate possessore.

The graduates of Packard's New York
Business College have lately organized an
Alninni Association, and on the evening of
June 2d, the Association tendered Mr.
Packard a complimentary dinner at Del-
monico's banquet hall, an unusual and
interesting feature of which was tbe pres-
ence of many ladies. We copy the follow-
ing from Truth's report of the occasion :

The Alumni of the celebrated Packard
Business College at their dinner to its
founder in Delmonico's last Saturday even-
ing followed Truth's repeated advice to
banqueters — " Instead of merely toasting
woman at the bottom of tbe t^ast list, in-
vite her to the feast and let ber be beard
from."

Accordingly, when that humoristic diner,
Depew, came, be brought Mrs. Depew, and
near by them were Judge and Mrs. Cowing
and a score of " unattached " young ladies.
President Packard and Judge Noah Davis
made speeches (and Truth regretted that its
limited space prevented reports), but clever

C. E. P., Jerico, Vt.— As an interested
subscriber to the Jouknal I would ask if

there could not be so
given in the JouRN
recent subscriber or be wo
have been given, and it is <
begin the third course wb
course of letter- writing ends.

sons in fiourisbing
^ns— Mr. P. is a
would know that

intention to
the present

J. F. Stublefield, penman a
nercial College, Hamilton, Oh

itals skillfully \
the wbolearm i

of skill.

lio Com-

It to learn to make the cap-
th the muscular than with
ovementt 2d. Which one
certain, supposing an equal
i.e., with regard to form,

icquired in each ? ad. Is it c
majority of our best

that

wbolearm -movement for making the capi-
tals in card and copy writing, etc., while
they advise their students to use tbe mus-
cularf Ans. 1st. No. Anyone will ac-
quire tbe power to make good capi-
tals, and writing w itb the muscular-
iiiovemenf upon the proper scale for
practical writing with much less
practice than upon tbe wbolearm.
Many persons are led to believe that
they acquire tbe wbolearm- move-
ment the easiest because tbey can
thus make large capitals easy, but
when employing in making t^e let-
ters upon the ordinary seiiio of writ-
ing, there will be a great want of
precision, and the tttort to make
capitals upon this movement, except
• N . (where great license as regards
M/f and i)recision is permissible),
li.iiis to scrawly flourished writing,
wliich is the horror of business men.
'-1<\. For large capitals the wbolearm;
I'm letters, size of ordinary writing-
scale, muscular. 3d. For cards, yes,
aud properly ; for copies, we think
nut — and those who do, should not,

Our Sanctum.

To many of lb*; readers of tbe JOURNAL our
" Saiiclum " hsH already become familiar from actual
vieite; but aa there are niauy tliousands who are
straugers to ub and our place, except through tbe
medium of tbe Journal, we have thought that to

Journal might be pleasing, and, tbevefore. present
tbe above view of tbe art department and editorial
olEce, photo-engraved from a pen-and-ink drawing
by J. H. Barlow.

W. C. H., Lancaster, Pa. -
you know of any specific for
vousness in writing? At timt
write well; at others, misers
Ans.— Of cour
but be a seriouf
writing, but it

Do

<.od

ually
several

being

while, upon tbe other hand, mucb practice
with little study imparts a more easy
and flowing style, but with mucb less ac-
curacy as regards the forms of the letters
and general proportion and construction of
the writing, which will commonly have a
loose and sprawly appearance.

How Mr. Monteith got His
Diplomas.

Nearly one year since wo received, from
H. W. Monteith, a teacher at Unionville,
Conn., an order to send, to his address, a
lot of diplomas — he promising to remit for
same by return of mail. We sent the di-
plomas as per his order, with bill. We
waited a long time, and no response ; and
four communications relative to the matter
A teacher so well up in the practice of
economy, and so well grounded in tbe
moral ethics of business (to say nothing of
tbe courtesies of correspondence), should be
known and recognized as a bright and shin-
ing light among the instructors of the ris-
ing generation.

We trust this brief statement of facta—
entirely unsolicited on bis part — may cause
the labors of Mr. Monteith to be better

and eloquent as these were, a succeeding
speech by Mrs. Croly seemed to be the

iterlude. In-
fellow who understands
as Brigham Young did
nmistakable Jenny Jam
man. She said,

I tbe practie

other things:

There is no curae
ignorance. What e

nong

in work but the curBe of

upid and ignorant men, but tbe only tbiug

) marry her I
>nipliBhmentit.

rpla.

M. de Les
seps, when fifteen ladies were invited to lieien
to the speecbeB, the room was so full of tobacco
smoke I could scarcely see, and the men did
not stop Bmoking when tbe ladies enlered the
room, but exhibited tbe most iDcumpreheuBible
egoliem I ever saw.

Now that the ban has been broken, let it
be seen to hereafter that at all banquets the
clear, pellucid delight of woman's presence
shall dispel stupid speeches and expel the
smoke erpellers until tbe regular toasts
have been well browned aud buttered and
the ladies have retired with lovers and
husbands, leaving the bachelors to their
accustomed baccbinalianism.

It is the pen that has garnered and trans-
mitted the wisdom of tbe sucoeoding ages.

by the ac(iuiHition

devote a short period of time

3 of exercise - movements be-

ig to write.

Subscriber, Newark, N. J. — Will you

present, in tbe Journal, rhe writing staff',

with explanationsl Ans. — See Spencer's

lesson in this Issue.

The New York State Teachers' Associa-
tion will be held at Lake George, on July
5th, fith and 7tb. The National Associa-
tion is held at Saratoga Springs, July 9lb,
10th and 1 1th, and the American Institute
at Fftbyan's, July 11th, 12tb and i;ith. Ex-
cursion tickets and reduced hotel rates make
it easy for those meaning to attend either of
the latter, to go first to the State Associa-
tion and spend Sunday at Lake George.

How to Remit Money.

The best and safest way is by Post-office
Order, or a bank draft, on New York ; next,
by registered letter. For fractional parts of
a dollar, send postage -stamps. Do not send
personal checks, especially for small sums ,

' A young man whose girl's name was
Susan, said that when he left the world he
wanted to do so by suey'a ride.

Writers.
Bt C. C. Cochbas.
The toule between bonneM and sjete-
tnatic writers in the columoe of tbe Jour-
KAL ill »o amusiDg to me that I am tempted
to eay aoinetbiDg ud tbe subject, at the risk
of being voted an old fogy by both sides.
I have, as you know, been a wrilicg-master,
more or less, for over a quarter of a century.
I have passed through all Ptagesof the fever
of BD eotbusiastic penman. I have bad tbe
measles, whooping coogb, scarlet fever, and
love sickness. Thank my lucky star, I
have passed through tbezn all safely and
still exist. Once upon a time my scratches
were in deinaod, and numerous slips of
" BusiDess-l'enmanpbip " were sent broad-
cast over the country, to inveigle uneopbis-
licated youths into business colleges — Duff,
EMStman, Robner, kept iiie busy for a de-
personal honor or credit, save by the veteran
founder of business colleges, the late Peter
Duff, of Pitteburgb, Pa. Kober, of St.
Louis, and Eastman, of Poughkeepsie, each
but tbey sent to Pittsburgh for the business-
writing, and could not well have tbe name
attached, as tbe writer was not at the time
a teacher in these institutions.

So you see, Mr. Editor, that away back
in tbe 1860*8, this same topic was troubling
mercantile colleges. The managers of these
institutions were not satisfied with the busi-
neBB-penmansbip of their teachers. The
charge was, at that time, that ornamental
penmen of those days could not " do^' buei-
naga-writing, and tbe question arose, "How
can tbey teach that which tbey cannot dot"
The charge was true, that these penmen
who sent out the spread eagles, bounding
stags, etc., could not do business-writing;
that is, rapid, uniform, legible writing, at a
speed of thirty or forty words 'per minute.
But what of their ability to write a model
copy, analyze it, and present it clearly to
the learner, with the proper position, move-
ment, etc., which are the necessary founda-
tion for rapid business- writing t I cannot
speak from personal knowledge as to the
St. Louis penman, but I boldly assert witb-
ont fear of successful contradiction that the
Poughkeepsie penman has made some of
the most beautiful, systematic and orna-
UQental writers, as well as unsurpassed busi-
ness-writers, in America— I may safely say,
in the worid. If I am not mistaken, the
Pliokingers, Mageea and a host of other
principally from Geo. F. Davis, of Pough-
keepsie, and I can speak from personal
knowledge that Mr. Davis makes Number
One business- writers. I believe the same
may be said of ail well-conducted business
colleges of to-day. I know that " Billy
Miller," ot Packard's, and " Billy Duff," of
Duff's mercantile college do J and I believe
that all do. Now the proof of a pudding
is in the eating.

I beUeve also, that Brother Peirce, who
pierces the readers of the Jooknal almost
to death with good things on penmanship ;
and Brother Michael, who strikes straight
from the shoulder on " movement," make
good writers. But I doubt very much, in-
deed, that they have any " royal road'" to
success, not traveled by others, or that they
make any better business- writers or in a
less time, than the host of others who are
engaged in the same work.

I believe all successful teachers in any
department of education pursue subBtantially
the same methods. The true principle is to
supplement theory with a sufficient amount
of practice to thoroughly master the subject.
There are two classes of extremists. One
class claiming that the syuthetical, or that
of building up on known principles, is the
correct method; the other class maintain
that the analytical, or tearing down and
taking apart, method is tbe best. In other
wonls, some contend that theory must oome
first, and others that practice must come
firat. They forget that these are but two

parts of the same method, and while war-
ring with others, tbey are warring with
themselves. There is, however, a drift in
favor o( Doing first and Knowing after-
wards ; but that there must be both theory
and practice to insure euru;esa, cannot be
disputed.

Now these business-penmen, in my judg-
ment have an extreme notion that practice
must come first. Well, if they understand
also, that theory and piactice must go close
together, they may be successful ; but the
cart is before tbe horse, and until the ma-
chine gets well under way, and the horse
can go backward as well as forward, I
fear all who make the attempt will get into
the same dilemma as the business- writing
teacher (myth) who gave his experience in
the last number of the Jouhnal.

But this Paper is already too long to be
read, and unless it be consigned to the
waste-basket I shall conclude in another
article, on TJie More Excellent Way.

The Washington Meeting.

My dear Ames :

The evidence is before nie that the Con-
vention of the B. E. A. of A. is to be held
on the day appointed, and that it will be an
trthy of our workers and their

Au r JOl K.NAi:.

business be devoted to methods of instruc-
tion and management of olass-work in the
different studies. As to the general drift of
thought touching the sphere and importance
of our specialty, there is no chance for dis-
cussion, and scarcely anything to be said
that has not already been said in various
forms, and by men who are not likely to be
overmatched by any speakers we may have.
And I think we can safely trust so much of
this work as may seem necessary to the able
bands of President Wilt, Commissioner
Eaton and Comptroller Lawrence. For
my part, I am free to say that I care more
to know just what is being done in the class-
rooms than what anybody may think about
the sacredness of our calling, or its exact
position among the educational forces of the
country. If I may be permitted to say
anything so ungracious, I would say that
just here was the weak point in our Con-
vention of last year. The early -aud-late,
in- season- and -out- of- season, penmen under-
stood their business and attended to it, and
I pity the sluggish brain that departed from
the Gibson House parlors without knowing
just how Peirce would take the kink out of
a lazy boy's elbow, or how Michael would
put the kinks in his mazy wholearm- move-
ment to the astonishment and delight of the
groundhngs, or what Henry Spencer would

the only thing really taught ii

■ schools

I charge nothing for these suggestions ;
nor do I presume they will be adopted ; but
I fully believe that some such course would
enable us to leave the Convention with a
better taste in our mouths than if tbe ses-
sion is absorbed in the consideration of per-
functory essays, however brilliant they
may be. Very sincerely yours,

S. S. Packard.
New York, June llih, 18S3.

Too Late for this Issue.

Just as our forms are ready for the press
comes a somewhat lengthy article ft-oiii our
It will appear in the July number.

Another very funuy story has just been
tdid me. A woll-kuown artist who has
been cultivating long hair in these short-
hair days, went to his barber the other day
to have these hyaciuthino locks trimmed a
little. The barber went into a long-wiuded
Butler harangue over his worla. The
artist, getting tired at last,cried out : " Oh,
cut it short; cut it short." The barber ap-

ei§h c^ s ^SMspiZ'Dwioe

12345 ocAfZ. 61890

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{25 cents extra in cloth), to every person remitting ^1 for a subscription or renewal for the '-Journal."
Price of the booh, py mail, in paper, 75 cents ; in cloth, ^1.

work. There are many reasons why this
should be the best among the meetings of
the Association, aud it seems to me a very
wise provision — showing great shrewdness
on part of the Executive Committee — that
the excursion to the home of Washington
should be made in the middle of the session
rather than at the end of it. These meet-
ings should be, in the widest sense, social ;
and especially this one, which is to be held
in a southern city during dog days, and
what could promote pleasant intercourse
more effectively and delightfully than a day
at Mt. Vernon. There can be no doubt
that the "Penman's Section" will get
work enough in, if Peirce of Keokuk,
Michael of Delaware, and Hlnman of
Worcester, are on hand; and the more dig-
nified and ponderous deliberations of the

proper " will not sufl'er from a

ell on the Potomac.
The Committee ask for " communications
and suggestions." This is a communication
and I am going to make in it a suggestion.
Of course, I don't expect the suggestion to
be followed, for doubtless tbe programme is
already laid out— at least outlined ; but here
it is : I would propose that, for once, in-
stead of listening to and d^cuseing " Pa-
pen," the great bulk of the time given to

do, in any given case. But who knows,
from anything that was said or done at
Cincinnati, just how the different teachers
there assembled would induct a fifteen year
old boy into the science of double-entry
book-keeping, or what were the methods
in vogue in the different schools of teaching
arithmetic, commercial law, or even that
most important study, correspondence. If
I am good at computation, there are just
twelve hours set apart for the real work of
the Convention— three hours on Tuesday
afternoon, six hours on Wednesday, and
three hours on Friday morning. I have
willingly left out Thursday evening, which
the Committee have set aside for " Papers,
day is to be our recreation day, and after
weeping over the ice-house at Mt. Vernon,
I doubt if any of us will feel much like
pitching into partnership settlements and
defective trial-balances under the full glare
of a twelve-light chandelier. It is quite
possible, too, that twelve hours of real
work will be better than more, if the time
is judiciously spent. Let it be spent, not
in reading and discussing " Papers," but in
finding out just what is being done in the
schools. Give the penmen a chance, but
let U8 not leave the public to conclude that

plied this iTiipomtivf ejaculation to his work
in liiiini, ;i!hl not In his word of mouth, and
the iirriht m.-r tnxn that chair sbom of Ids

Inks.

Those who wish a good ink should read the
& Co., in another column. The inks tbey offer
have been tried, and proven lo be in no wise
wanting.

An Arkansaw boy, ^vriting from c(tllege
in reply to his fathei-'s letter, said': " So
you think that I am wastiug my time in
writing little stories for tho local papers,
and cite Johnson's saying that the man
who writes except for money is a fool. I
shall act upon Dr. Johnson's suggestion
and write for money. Send me fifty dol-
lars." — Arkatisaw 2raveler.

Packard's Key.

Teachers and siudentB will be glad lo know
that the Key to tbe Packard Commercial
Arithmetic is now ready. We call atteniiou
to the publisher's card in another column.

/

* Wirt ,5T,vr a •" ■""'^

JiiiAiiKKax

1 f t

<4 tM tiuttU]
OOt4ttW«Ul6CtiflM)

KR

tiu^lu.loijfll.^ii imcoinjitomijmi^ ii'iHCJCtiktiw. not onfi|'cf tfiij^i- -3'
^OH«oti«l(l),u,6(iij^. ChI of cwui iiiiiviiiidf incmCii ifuU fcfoti'^it^ U- it 3

. <^: -^ " ll'S I'irtHunfl i-|jani.1n,- nnuu-iitli; jinu-li.7il iii ■Mm-i.ljnvAn li'jvltiw i.- liw iiOiuslni.iWaiii iiPjli|iirl|iiBiw
... l;i» ,,.Tj(»I.W>.Ji. n* rfKrind in tljr Si^ar^- rfrtn^Tnlj ; ^T) ^ tmfn^ md i)irtl,i>aioiI in I;i» Vtft« iw ^.i Bro tnuuims w.> ivUlt fti

f wf f %>^^G^sw: E;e*id6nt of tlvejgoard or mdemiht\,^sMw^^^

32^ ,-}V.'l:iiiu-B <!urni:ni, Uiifim Dor
at_.,'if lUillfM.11),*jW,rf. Aim J. jl.m,

^^IfeJ UI,II,„ SU^ai,,,, Srf.-r%,u-., ^

.1

/

(T;^^;-^ ResoLveo

l^ i^afrvUvof -the dete^ ^^-4

Sljumm

iTjllill.aami, ^elti' ,

ibBIidjiiwrat, liaaiailMcVD.
l[OTm,S:"4tittla. Jlul,a/I KmI,,-.

,^ -I'mriASiinm. i/MrpliJ)l'(f.™ii,fti;AVwi

"•I "<" Pl">t0-e7igrai>ed from an tngrossed set 0/ reaolmmm executed at Iht office of thf rnurn„l" «■. ^f ■ 1,^

order., for all manner .} art«(,c pe,i-u,ork promptly executed at the "Journal" office, SOS Broadway, New York.

^^T*v

The Stars.

AsTomfDiKO Vblocity niTic which

THEY Shoot throuoh Space.
T)ie movrmcnt of all celestiHl hodics,
althuugl) varyiDg, it is true, is chnracter-
tzoA by a general velocity which fitaggcra
hiimttD tmnginatiun. So cannou-lmli hiut
a muzzle velocity wnnpwrable t« the spefd
with which the laziest planet traverses space,
or with which the corpse of the oldi'sl
iiKMjn whirls about its centre. There are
one hundred millions of suns Icdowd to as-
tronomera— from etara of the first magni-
tude like Vega or Sirius, compared with
which our sun in like a mere farthing can-
dlo beBide the most powerful electric arc,
down to those tilipntian solar centers which
lire hardly as l»rge as some planets of our
celestial family. All of these are rushing
through the eternities with electrical speed
— I)ait»irig, cmssingt interchanging places
in that enormous ragged belt of worlds and
suns whereof we fonn but one invisible
grain of matter.

Sirius is rushing away from us at the
rate of 22 miles a second ; Alpha Corona at
the awful speed of 48 miles a second ; five
lights of the Great Bear (Ursa Major) are
moving from us into unknown regions ;il
the speed of 19 miles a second ; while Vegii,
tliat terrific ocean of white lightning, is
rushing toward us at tho rate of 44 miles it
Mocond, and Alpha of tho Great Boar at the
rate of 4(5. We cannot even imagine such
motion ! Nevertheless, that astral universe,
to all save astronomers, seems immutable
us destiny, changeless as God.

Why is thist It is because of tho vast
<listHuce8. The astounding courses of the
stars are perceived by man only as almost
imporccptiblc changes of position — deplace-
mcnts 80 small that they are measured by
fractions of seconds of the celestial arc.
Now a second is the 60th part of a minute,
which is the (iOth part of a degree, which is
the 3,()00th part of the huge celestial circle.
( Fliiiiiniiirioii treats this fact very impress-
ively in his grand Astronomic Populaire. )
T\n! sun's disk appears to us to have a
diameter of 1,8(>0 seconds. Suppose that
the visible movement of a star should he
exactly one astronomical second a year, that
movement would only appear to us as the
l,8(iOlh |iart of the diameter of the sun's
visihlc disk. Consequently, it would ho
1 ,ri(i() yeare heforn that star would soem to
IIS to have moved even a distance equal to
tlie diameter of the sun's apparent disk.

But there are very few stars which can
rovvel even one second a year; therefore,
Hince the time of Jesus Christ few have
visibly nu>ved a distance equal to the visi-
ble diameter of tho sun. Arcturus is one
oxcoplion; travelling at tho rate of 5,400,-
(H)0 miles a day — a veritable leviathan
.imong auuB— he would still require 800
yours to change his position oven by tho
tiny distance equal to the apparent diaiue-
ler of the moon's disk. His speed is three
socunds a year ; nevertheless, a fine thread
would cover with its bn-adth the distiinoe
traveraed by him iu the field of vision dur-
ing twelve long months.

There is one star even swifter — a star
which has no name and which is marked
No. 1,830 in Groombridge's catalogue. Its
doiihicemeitt is seven seconds a year; its
speed is uoarly^(i/ milium miUs a day ;—
ilius it requires only S-iS years tu visibly
change position by 1,860 seconds of the
juv, or tho distance equal to the apparent
diameter of the sun's disk. Well might
Job exclaim: '* Behold the height of the

We know, however, that the heaven
which the eye of the first Pharaohs beheld
was not as the heaven of to- day, and that
the star-gazers of Babylon saw constella-
tions now invisible to those Arabs who
liaunt the banks of tho Euphrates. The
time will come when men shall behold the
Southern cross iu these latitudes, although
it shall have ceased to illuminate the pam-
pas of South America. The polar star is
bidding us farewell; while Vega, supposed
by some to be a sun twelve thousand times

larger than our nwn,'and infinitely^brighter.
shall take his place in the northern beavcD.
Por there shall be new heavens and a new
earth, and the former things shall not he in
roiiiemhrance. — New Orleans Times-Demo-

TuB Girl of the Silver Dollar.—
The figure stamped on the face of oar Bland
silver dollar is an exact likeness of Miss
Anna W. William^, a young lady of Phila-
delphia. The profile is the work of a young
Britoo named Morgan.

When Mr. Morgan came to this country,
in 1876, to devise a stamp for the coinage of
oor standard dollar, he at once entered the
he might more thoroughly Americanize his
work. Here h<' remained for stveral months,
then spent several days trying to sketch the
head of the fanciful Goddess of Liberty.

Finally, he concluded to abandon the idea
of making a fanciful design, and, in its stead,
use the profile of an American girl. Aided
by a friend, he began searching for one
whose beauty would entitle her to the honor
of the position. For weeks he cootinned his
search without success, until he was intro-
duced to Miss Williams, then a resident of
No. 1023, Spriug Garden St., Philadelphia.

With g^reat ditficulty he persuaded her to
sit for a sketch. After four trying sittings,
Mr. Morgan succeeded in obtaining suffi-
cient tracings to enable him to proceed with
his work. With what degree of success be
met may be seen by an examination of the
silver dollar. As to tho beauty of her
figure, Mr. Morgan declares her profile to
be the most perfect he has ever seen either
in this country or England. For two years
the identity of the figure was kept a pro-
found secret and the original picture is still
cArefully preserved. --Home and School
Visitor.

Not Responsible.

It should be distinctly understood that
the editors of the Journal are not to be
held as indorsing anything outside of its
editorial columns; all communications not
obj( cliot-able in their character, nor devoid
of interest or merit, are received and pub-
lished; if any person differs, the colunms
are equally open to him to say so and tell

Inasmuch as the Journal will, this
month, be mailed to many thousand persons
who have no knowledge of the character or
style of the premiums, one of which is
given free to every subscriber, we have
added four extra pages for the purpose of
inserting cuts— reduced size— of a portion of
them.

PEXaEX*Sand ARTISTS' SCPPUES.

On receipt of the prices uiinexed, we will for
wura by n-tiim of mall, or by express as stated
aixy liiucla named In tbe loUowing Ust.

By orilt't-iDg from us, patrons win nly not only
U))uii receiving aeupcrior orUcie, but upon dcArg
»o promptly.
Aldus' Compendium ol Om'l Penmanship, ti SO

Ames' Book of Alphabets l 30

Bryant's Book-keeping, Counting Houfe Kd 3 SO
Ames' Copy Slips, for msti-ucUon iind prao-

tlta In writing, per i^hcct, cuntuinltig4l>

M sheets, <M full sets of copies) S 00

100 " (100 full sets of topitatj B 00

Bristoi Bottrd,i-8heetthlel£,22,\S8ln.,prBht 00

" 32x28, per slicct, by uxpress. . 80

i'lxiich B. B.,34iS4, " " Jfl

Blnck Cord Board. ^xSS, for whito Ink.. .'.'. 50

Blaek Cards per 100 , ss

Bluek Curds i)er thousand, by express S 00

Wtaot'e dr'tng-paper, bo^pr«88, 15x20.\$ 15 fl ao

" '• - 17x22, 80 2 00

J9xS4, 20 2 20

ilxSO. 24 8 75

28x^0, 65 7 00

" " " aU.W, 1 76 30 00

Blank Bristol Board Cards, per 100 U

_," '* ■■ lOOO.byei. 1 60

WlnsorANewton'BBaprsQD Ind. liik.HUck i ot
Om&mratal Cordi, li2 dMigna, p«r paok of 25 cards,

by "nail 2O

Tbe New Speacerian CompeDdlam, Part 1, 2, 3, \,

GngroMing Pens for lettering, per dot 25

Crow-quill Pan. very fine, for drnwiDg, doc 75

William*'* and Packard's Gems 5 00

Guide 3 00

Coogdon's Normal System of Plooriihing 50

'■ " " Lettering. 80

TliMe are good works for Uie money.

Payson. Dunton &, Scribners Mannal 1 £5

Sponge Robber, 2x2 in, very snperiof 50

Roll Blackltoanla. by express,

n^'.t*^!^*"* "^ ""■■■"""■■'""""'■'■■■" '"

SlooB Cloth, one yard wide, any lengtti per yanl,

4Ci iiiulieH wide, peryajd, slated botli sides 2 5

Liquid SlaHng, the best id lue, for walls or wooden

G^No goods sent by mail until oash'hMbeen re-

SPECIAL NOTICE.

ight pogM for ibe adranoemeoi vtpm-art. Ench 1
«r wUl contain at Itatt (Are* pagea of engravin,
Yrltlng, Pen.drawlngs or FloarlshlnB.

"o"n"e time.

ONE HUNDRED YEARS

NOW,

ONE YE^R.

Vouf iruly.

Box 2105, NEW YORK.

This Offer Appears Onlv Once,
HAND STAMPS!

Bibb on & Metal

NOTARY & OTHER SEALS
U. S. STAMP WORKS,

(!EU.('OKEK,Vrop'r.
First class work at moderate prices.

glKDS'Egg,.

g«'*J««PijS "■"pliHtd. A valuable book for begii
<-Jl. H. C. BAILKV, Box 208, Sttretoga. N Y.

MV ELECTRIC PEN ■ HOLDER for Orosmeols
Work i. equal io every resiiect in mv nbiim^

E'-S;ir-

TEACHERS^

Phato-Enqravinq-^^^^Phata-Lithnqraphq,

n.X Ames . ZOS EaoAnwai:

ThU Oor* U I'hoto-i:Hffrar»d /r^m J>«« a»(f Ink Copy.

OUIDB TO AUTHORSHIP

Cookbook, 25 cents. 01 hook*ellere or'by mail^*'" """"
3-8 JKSSE Hasby A: Uo,. 10 Spcuoe St , New York.

Jun PirBI.I8HKD

THE NEW

BRYANT & STKATTON'8

COMMOX SCHOOL BOOK-EEEFIXG.

fimbraclng gin'QLb and double entry, aiw
adaptetl to Inaivldriul undcliiss iiiatnictioii ii
school mill uuidcmics. By S. S. Packard uik
H. B. BRyA>T. Price by mail, \$1.00. Libera
tfima for fli-st Introduction.
This iiopiilur woik, which lor tlie lost flftcui
fears bits enjoyed It (fi'eiitermeasureof tiu-fuvoi
j( pmctlciil cdiicatoi-s tlian tuiy other of sin

THE NEW

BRYANT ft STRATTON^

COUNTINO-HOUSE UOOK-KEEPING.

tmbracinglheTlicuryiurl !■■ 1. 1 1> .■ ..f Ar. ciiiits;

New

. h.'ir-i.

■ oi

Price by iiiiill, (2JW.

This new work in now ready for nso, and will
:a found to be tlio most extensive and tlioroiiKb
.-.'cjttitju upou the boIoqcq of accounts yet ptil>

Tho book Is a ^eat Improvement tipon the
Met ^ition in almost iiU respects, and will be
'ound to do the required wo.k in huslneia col-
egea and high bchools better than any other
vork now before Ibe public.

inaUM, BLAKKMA17, TATLOE A CO.,

UNIVERSITY BOOK-KEEPING.

Bv IKA Mayhew, LL.D.,

AK'l JoruN.vi,

Lime-kiln Club Philosophy.

" Df M-zmt lias nr>w airove for luillin' ole
hats and piUiTs <-'Utcr dc broheQ winders,
an' I Hcizf- dc on^aahuii to ax yoa to rciiiem-

" iJHt a front gate off it* Iiioges means a
alip-shnd man in de house.

" Dat a red doso means a hungry flour
barrel.

"Diit no man eher got work sittin' on
d(? fc-nre an' digcusirin' de nt-eds ob de ken-
try.

'* Diit do less pollytick? a man hiis dr-
mo' wmli he kin pay his grocer.

" Diit argyments on religion won't build
cIiHifhi's nor pay dc preachers.

■' Dat a fam'ly which nobber liorrows nor
Innis keejia naybiirs de longest.

" Dat beauty will starve in de parlor
wliar' coriimon Beuse will grow fat in do
kitchen.

" Dal de world am full o' mice-holes, an'
all di- cats need do am to watch an' wait.

" Dat i-conomy doan' mean buyiu' kali-
kcr fur ycr wife an' broad-cloth fur yerself.

*' Dat progress doan' mean fittin' ole
doalis to new buildin'a.

" Dat liberty doan' gin you de right to
cat aoodcr man's chickens.

" Dat sutceas achieved by rascality am a

" Let ns now purccod to attack the reg'-
lar programmy o' bizncss, an' if dai-* am
any mo' conghin' an' spittin ober in de fur
co'ner sartin pussons will witness purceed-
ins dat will cast a gloom obt-r de ucx' fifty

Sample copies of tbe Journal sent only
n receipt of price — ten cents.

HERRING'S

SAFES.

The Champion Fire-Record.

. or pnpw lo teach SpoDOerinn I

(IT.. FmM niy.-on L„Ja ErU.)

FLAT-l

R. SPKXCBU. Prinoipol or PeDnnoihip D.p'tii.tit.

4-3L

No ratttlon.. Ciroalfin Am.

WRITTEN CARDS.

.^jl'r°«l-«lge,» O.M.1 B.V.I

.n.lo.if, ■.'io.oU. For 50c.il. I
. m, ,«nH .ilb oui. iTnll.o, oi>«

HERRING & CO.,

351 & 252 Broadway, N. Y.

WELLS W. SWIFT,

BfarloBville, Onondaga Connty, New York,

General Neatpaper Subtcription Agent, and
Pub1ijb«r of Swift's Haxu-uooks of Lvk Rkcifko.

kinds; Blue, 3 kiods; Red, 4 kinds; Oraen, i kio'da-
TeUow, Brown, Violet, Wbile, Gold. Silver, Indelible. 2
kindi;- Sympatbetic, 8 kiDdi; Aniline Inlu, elo., eto.

kinda; Ore

; Glossy (bII colon), DraniDg,' Carbon. India
n Inks. Ink-powder, Inks for mftrkiog paokaeea,

THE

Penman and Book-keeper.

'PENMAN AND BOOK-KEEPER,"

21 VINCF.NNES, IND.

Special Offer.— The obt

m to anyone sendiogr me
1 Penman* O^J^, Me

«■■ A. E

DEW„„»,T.3BEI„8l,..,.l«i<»,N.V.

■t&mps taken. Clob-Ust fne.

\/ISITINO
V lowtogn
per huDdred ;
50 cla; pen

les : Spenoerian Script, 35 cts. per doi.— ^
oorinhed, 12. SaiiiplM, 25 ctt. Nothing

CARD CASES.

^ "We have prcatly increased our facilities
for miiimfaiauiing Curd fuses, and offer a
/cw of our many Styles.

No. l-Leatber, rod, stitcli. Spkts .10 .7ii J^T 90

• :i-Letttherette, HtlfflilnK'dcor. 10 .ii2 (ISO
S-I.uutherette, openoinoeutiv

Bilk Uucd, Cinsp. .20 S 00 20 00
•l-Satiu Finish Itiisaitt Leather

'^ pockets, rich, ,90 2 00 S2 00

fi-Lvattierctte, covere<i with

I'lush.
C-8ilk Plu;

I'lush, nohhy,
'" Plush, with iiu
I liiitd, elegnnt.

The above is only a small part of the
Jarye slock o( Cases we make. Our Segar
Cases. Letter Holdei-s are made in nil the
newest styles, and at prices from 25c. to
\$3.00 each. Parties that lU-sirc lo puicluise
above cases may make out a sample onloi-
ftt dozen riitvs if four are oi-dercd at ono
time. Priro for sample includes iiostago.

manufacturer ju the city.

WRITING PAPER.

PoolM»p, H. lb. lil and II Itn. '

SIN&LK sitRKK F01{ PKII

STATEMENTS.
ENVELOPES.

CATA) ENVELOPES.

SMnpip tiiiiiopn. u^ WrUiUKrapor. Or
porl«».i!( Uixai JiTOP—** .■-...__'?.???' ..-"'S','.?'

^•3j»lwTie«i. l5crM^"3ci'irror KiwTirtoi

N. E. CARD CO.

76-77 Hajsau Street. New Topk.

N. E. CARD COMPANY'S SSiSt

PEIOE LIST BEVEL EDQE CARDS, II |1^

Order by Letter or Number. ^S^i-^E

1 A5 A.3 \4- I \- PorlOOO. Per 100. J^ ^ ^.^^nj

' ■ ■ ''■'"'■'•v. tm S: sl^flls

125 j||=io?

les, Tunied Cor. 4 "
See Price of Scmps.

'■\ore. Turn Cor.
iiited No. Tt2,

•s^nd ou Lap, lii'ch, S-l,
jle, Best. 1,2,3, i. Cor.

5 00 ^=I|2J»

fiOo. K = 5^59

COc. hI^P'-s-o

95o. OslaJlg

Penman's Bristol Cards at Low Pricee. at^~-i^^

SKNi) FUR S.\MPLES. gts:,!.^!

Odd Styles of anv kind Made to Order. ff^l-l

Cards Cut any Size. Card Board hj the Caee. 1^1 ^ll

t Folder, that coiitulus a

KEY

PACKARD

Commercial Arithmetic

n lexl-buok are entitled to a copy of the new Key,

of detail, And U now feady lor uae. AU iuoh who do
not receire il witbonl reqnwl from the publisher ou
get it reftdily by notifying htm of the (hot

Otben than l«aohera ualn; the Aritboiotin as n text
book oaa g«t the Key by remitting to tLe pablisher one

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher,

WANTED — September let. 1883, an eiperienoo.1
teacher of rracllcal penmanibip and book-keeping.

Send r^*n!en? of wri^r'^rtoSriihin" "oi d**En " b
After Aiigtut Ist to tli^ Little Bock (Ark ) Corameroial

FANCY CARDS!

TWELVE DESIGNS, ALL DIFPBRENT,
TUB BEST IN THE MARKET.

1 pack of 25 cardj a«Dt post paid 30 Ota.

500 port-paid, la.jo

1000 " 5.00

1000, by Bxpratc, 4.50

Bmd for Olraolu. S&mplM SENT PRBB.

D. T AHBS. 90S BraadwsT New Tork.

W college branohM, particwlarly Engliab braocbea,

C-1 280 W, MeditOD Street, Chicago, 111.

Ilirougbouttbec ^,

S^icldug n share of your patronage, we reapectfolly

N. E. CARD CO.,

75-77 Nassau Street. N. Y.
e Cuii deUfer«l ftsi apon iietlpt Bf prfoe.

Wonderful, Yet True!

50 CaSE.S PeRKEI T C.MiD-KOAlU),
MANUFACTIUED AT OUR MILLS,

TO BE SOLD IN 30 DAYS' TIME,

AT A

Tremendous Sacrifice.

Lot No. I - - - .50

■' 4 - - - .S5
" 5 - - - 100
■• 6 - - ,.25

•'■■;- - - T.50

LARGE AND MEDIUM SIZE,

Don't fail to send ten cents fop

samples.

No discount from thousand's price in

any quantity.

Job lot Silk-fringe Card.s, \$2.50
per 100. Job lot Ink and Revoiv-
injj Stand, quart bottle.s, given for
90 cents.

ORDERS FILLED PROMPTLY.

We Make a Specialty of Manufacturing

Odd Sizes to Order.

Gilt-edge Cards, each corner dif-
ferent way, \$1.20 per 1,000. Ten
thousand Flat Bevel Cards, i6olb.
stock, for \$22.50: assorted styles.

N. E. Card Co.,

75-77 NASSAU STREET.

6-l>. NEW YORK.

"^.

OFTICF. '

ExKri

[ COMHITTRK,

Ri>iNKti8 Ei*ct:AT*tBs' Association of
Amkiiic-a.
Washington, D. C, June, 1883.

The fifth anouAl meetiDg of the BusioeM
Educators' Awociation of America will be
held in the City of Waahiiigton, D. C, at
UocA.io Hall BuiMioe, roroer Ninth and D
Htreela, hc^Duion Tuepdaj, July lOth, at
10 oVIock A.M , and contiDuiog four daye.

CommnnicatioDB recPivcd from meinbere
wbo have been active in pwt yeart, and
others who ioteiid to be with ui on this
uccaaioD, indicate that the approacbiug
meeting will be one of unusual interest,
pteaJiure and profit.

The time is considered favorablo to a full
attendunce, it being after the school year,
proper, has clofed, when principals and
teacherfl are comparatively free for a Sum-
mer trip, 8o needful for change, rest and

It is suggested to the business educators,
that their wives, eieters and lady teachers
would be benefited by sharing the pleasures
of a summer trip ; also, that the presence
of the ladies would form an agreeable and
useful element in our meetings. " It is not
good for man to be alone."

Washington presents many attr.irtioos
peculiar to it as the Dationalcupital ; we can-
not undertake here to set them forlh — ihey
inutit be visited, to be appreciated and en-
joyed. The magnificent public buildings
and grounds ; the nation's treasures and
curiosities; the smooth, broad streets and
broader avenues ; the many parks, with
their fountains and statues of America's
heroes .». ,d statesmen ; these and many other
features of interest invite educators to visit
and revisit the national capital.

During the Convention parties will be
formed and shown through the public build-
ings and grounds by friends well acquainted
with all the places and objects of interest.

The arraogements for the meeting are

The rooms to be occupied for the sessions
are pleasant, and conveniently accessible.

Special terms have been made with the
Ebbitt House (Army and Navy Head-
quarters), corner F and Fourteenth streets,
for its regular accommodations, at :^2.50
per day.

It will not be necessary for those attend-
ing the Convention to state the fact at the
hotel, until they call for their bills, when
special rates will he allowed. Our guests
need not fear haviug inferior accommoda-
tions, or being charged more than the above

The general programme of the session is
as follows:

'/W.srfrty, July 10th. 10 A.M., roll-call;
Afternoon : papers, addresses and diacus-
Educators by Mr. and Mrs. H. C. Spencer,
iu Business College parlors: music; short
address by Hon. John Eaton, Commissioner
of Education; response by President Will;
Social conversation ; refreshments.

Wednesday, July lHh. Morning and
afternoon : regular sessions for addresses,
papers, and discussions. Evening : address
by Hon. Wm. Lawrence, first Comptroller
United Slates Treasury.

Thursday, July l:>lh. From U) a. u. to
3 i: M. : trip to Ml. Vernon, on the Potomac,
the home and tomb of Waahington. This
trip will be provided members of the As-
sociation, as guests of the Executive Com-
mittee. Evening : regular sessiou for pa-

Ft-iday, July 13th. M< ruing: regular
•ession. Afternoon: election of officers;
visit to Executive Mansion to pay respects

To the Penmen's section of the Associa-
tion, every facility will be given for their
sioni. The penmen of the country are
heartily invited to attend and participat* in
the meeliogs.

From all interested in business education
and in the meeting soon to be held, the
Committee solicits free, full communica-
tions and suggestions,

Henbt C. Si'encbr,
Daniel T. Ames.

Executive Committee.

rH£ LARGEST AND FINEST WORK OF THE KIND IN THE WORLD!

EmbnrMa Uiirtory of W riling, wi\h fac-nmiU illriMratii.DB fritm aDcteot maotucripta: a large numljer orConi-
plele Atphab«Ii of all kin<U. by Ihe lesdio^ Pen-ArlUU of England. France and G«niiBn)-; Oiiiaiii«nls bv RiMter.

Stales. AUo. chapter* on Teschinjr PeDiDBOship, BiulnM* Letter- Writing, Off-Hand Flourlihing, How to Prepare
Specimen* for Pboto- Engraving, Writing Cant* anil Inrilalion*. elo. Thi« book hu (w«l lhoii«nd« of dollars. The

flemntly i>0DD(J. The book 1* Tery chmp at ten dallan a copy. AGENTS 'WANTED. It !■ the flnrat and beei
■oiling book for agent* erer puMi»bed. AddreM.
2-t:r Prof- O- A. GASKELL. FubUsher, Box 1534, New York CItj P. O.

The Leading Work on Commercial Law.
CARH^RT'S

Class-Book of Commercial Law

eo/peria

.nplete .xpTan.t
, „//r,ighl and pa.

!,/l»™o/6,

ritteo exprffilj, /

AN IMPORTANT CONSIDERATION

mmercial law ifl, th« faol that Ibis t)ook waa written by an eajjerieiuxd Uaeher,
and bunnutmen. It hat bun examined thoroughly by tht but Ugal talmt.
liat-ramt. 11 li niatJy prinioi and handKimcly l>nnnd.

SPECIAL RATES FOR INTRODUCTION.

C. E. CARHART,

Prinoipa] of the Aiht^ny BueineM College,
I . ALBANY, N. V.

H. W. KIBBE, Utica. N. Y.

CURE YOTJR CORISTS.

I. J , May

WHAT THE MEDICAL PKOFESSION SAY OF KLINE'S COKN CUKE.

GentUmtn :—Siuc« becomiDg acquainted v
speedy core wberever I have med it Among many, i

This

tured hy & tlioroughty experienced cbemiat, and dues its work painlessly, epeedilj, radically,
and finally.

It has never been Itno^vn to iaiL
We send tills remedy anywhere on receipt of the price, 25 cents, in U. S. postage stamps.

ROBERTSON & CO., Pharmaceutical Specialties,

Sole Agents. No. ^Id Bi-oadway, New York Oil

For \$2 the Journal will be mailed one
year; also, a copy each of the "Standard
Practical Penmanship" and the "Hand-
book of Artistic Peumanship" (in paper
coversj 25 cents extra in cloth). Price
eaoh, separate, \$1.

I^To those subscribing at club rates,
the book will be sent { in paper ) for 25
cents; ( in cloth ), 50 cents extra. Price of
book, by mail (in paper covers ), 75 cents ;
cloth, \$L Liberal discoaot to teachers and
agents.

Learn to Write.

Compendium u inolowd in ornamental com. Sample

wpy wiU be maU*d oo nc^pt at tehoUtaU price, bOotatt.

Addr«u J. R. BOLCOHB & CO.. Atwateh BLOCK,

^'.'.^ CixvuLAno. Oeio.

N i:i; WANTED.

., oa» ot PsstLurg AitT Jouuu.

3-LITHOQRAPHY .

noy, TeetimoniaU. CeSi
305 BrMtdway, New 1

PARKERS
FANCY COLORED INKS.

Assorted expresiiy for the use of Penmen and Card-

A"!;:

1 MANUAL of oU

oloi», 50 MDta. Koyal Society
U»6 Of Color*, 50 oenta. Of

JK8SI Hahrx ft Co.,
to Spraoa Stmt, N«w YoA.

THE NF.W

BRYAM d STRATTON
BOOK-KEEPING BLANKS.

and th«

Be with or without Text-Book,
only eel recommended to

accompftny

'THE NEW

Bry

ant & Stratton

Count

ng-

House-Bookkeeping."

SHALL SET, LARGE BOOK,
COMMISSION SET, BOOK FOR GENERAL USB.

DRY GOODS SET, PRACTICE BOOK, '

DeKiriptiT

,'£j?

"JOHN D'S FAVORITE PEN."

larif adapted for Public and Private Schools and Book.
Sent Poat-pald od receipt of 35 ceata.

DANIEL SLOTE & CO.,

119 AKD 121 WlIXIAM STRKKT, NBW YORK.

THE DAYSPAGING

feollon of OUT deulps I have bad oocasion to pQt yoor
patent ruling and tintinR T wjnare lo every pOMible tjMit,

•igoeil. Respectfully, C. B. SlCKKI.^,

Detigner and Drartaman, Am. Bank Note Co., N. Y.

D. T. AMHB, BBy.— 2)«or Sir; One of yonr pa(«nt T
iqnaies baa been In Mutant nse by me lor laiiie time

bn»iobe« of drawing lo wbich I bave applied it. Very

tmly youri, EDWARD B. JolTES,

Designer and Draftaman. witb D. Appleton Sl Co.
Atlakta, Ga., Sept. H, 1881.

hand «afely ; and, after pnttlng tbem to Ibe uvereat leaU,
we are delighted wilb Ibe perfection of the work done

It U an instrument tbat iboold be used by avary draft*-

ABOVE CUT REPRESENTS A YERY
snt and nufol pen lor execotiog OuiUne. Old

3te<l by tbo cm. We are ooDfltautly ustog IhtM Peas
d ptU« tbem hif[hly ; a set ol three mailetlfur 20 oanis.

SCRIPT RULERS.

- _ Abt Jourhak
BrMdmr. New Tor

William Steele, ssiiiiit«] bj his wiTe, is teach-
ing wriling-olaseea at Ljncliburg, Va., he is
highly cumpliinented hj fonnpr patrooB.

B. F. Kelley nili give iustraction in pen-
maDftbip, dar or erening, during the Humnipr
monthB, at ihe uptown office of the Penman'8
Art JovttSAi., 27 Union Square.

Tajlor'a Bueiness College, Roch^ater, N. Y.,
ha« recently occupied new and more com-
motiiouB room» in the Cryatal Palace Block,
79 and ii\ East Main Street.

L. Mitdanin/,, the celebrated card-writer, is
now located in New York. PerBOUB wsbing
elegantly- written cards will do well to read
hiB advertieemenl in anoilier column, and then,
of course, patroui;^e him.

O. S. Complon and J. B. Leech, late gradu-
alee of G. W. Michael, Oberlin, Ohio, have
engaged to teach writing Ilie coming year—
the former, at the Normal School, Peirce, Ohio ;
the latter, a( the Normal, Richmond, Ohio.
Mr. Michael is enthudiaalic, and, it would
Beem, auooesBful, in his work.

Me«srB. Time. Stewart and Wm. P. Ham-
mond, have lately announced the opening of
the Stewart & Hammond BueineBs CoUegf.
Trenton. N. J. Mr. Stewart is one of the very
beat practical writers in the country, wliile Mr.
Hammond is a well-known author of a series
of copy-booka and a system of book-keeping.
Both are skilled and experienced teachers, and
will, no doubt, vindicate ibeir ability to con-
duct a first-clasB buBinesa college.

Prof. W. H. Devon, on belmlf of the etndenls
lege, Baltimore, Md., recently presented Mr.
R. M. Rother, cashier of the German Savings
Bank, with an elegantly-engrossed and framed
series of resolutions, making graceful acknow-
ledgment of the benefit derived from the course
of lectures on "Money and Banking," which
he recently delivered before them. The en-
groBBing, R beautiful specimen of pen-art, was
executed hj Prof. Patrick, of the college.

Nolewortliy epfcimens of penmanship have

D. n. Farley, teacher of penmanship and
book-keeping. Slate Normal School, Trenton,
N. J., a letter, and several elegantly-flourished
bird deelguB. Frank J. Oaliay. Lake Centre,
Minn., a letter. C. R. Wells, special teacher
of writing in the public schools of Syracuse,
N. y., a letter. N. H. Prouty, Chariton
City, Mass.. a letter and a specimen of
writing a year einoe, which shows very
creditable improvement, for wliicli full ciedit
is given to the Journal. C. W. Rice,
Denver (Col.) Business College, a letter.
D. C. Taylor, Oakland, Cal., a letter. S. R.
Webster. School of Shorthand- Writing, Rock'
Creek. Ohio, a letter, and specimen of off hand
College, Chatham, Onl., a letter. Jas. W.
Westervelt, special teacher of writing in the
public schoola of Woodstock, Out., a letter.
S. 0. Williams, special leafher of penmanehip
and book-keeping iu the public schools of
Lockport, N, Y., an elegantly- written letter.
R. S. BoUBoll, penman at the Bryant, Strallon
Si Carpenter Business College, St. Louis, Mo.,
a letter elegantly-written, and a list of twelve
dubsoribei-s to the JournaI,. Irving E. Dale,
Fi-ench's Business College, Boston, Mass., a
letter. C. N. Crandle, Bushuell, 111., a letter
as specimen ot flourishing. F. P. Prenett,
Port Worth (Texas) Business College, a letter.
W. E. Ernst, Youugstown (Ohio) Busineee
College, a letter, and specimen of flourishing.
Jno. W. Brose, a student at Peirce's Business
College. Keokuk. Iowa, several well executed
specimens of flourishing. A. E. Dewhurst,
Utica, N. Y., a letter, and card specimens.
S. A. D. Hahn, Davenport (Iowa) Business
College, an elegantly- written letter. H. S.
Taylor, son of A. J. Taylor, of Taylor's Busi-
ness College. Rochester, N. Y., several speci-
mens of HouriBhing. and A. J. Taylor, a
Bp1endidly-wrin».n letter. T. J. Marksberry,
Moi^an, Ky., flourished birds.

^^v^^

The Packard Commercial Arithmetic,

By .S. S. PACKARD, of Packahds BrsiNEss College.

AND BYRON HORTON, A.M.

IN TWO SEPARATE EDITIONS.

1. CoHFLBTB, 320 pp.. lai^e octavo. 2, School, 275 pp.. duodecimo.

The CompleU edition, fltst iMoed In Jane, faaa ptuMrf to il« fifth Ihuiuand. and the School Mlition, fli

im>>tic — hftviofT ^rown oiit of the waoM utn oosmopobtan Institution, and haring been ta
ing teacher* of pracliCBl ahthmetlo ia tbi* counlry, 3il. They are fTniiun^ly adapted

nple*. and c«rlain subjeoU not appticabit

Retail Prices: Complete Edition, \$1.50; School Edition, \$1

PrUxa to Schools: Complete Edition, \$1 ; School Editioa, 75 c(

Among thow who haTe adopted and are u»iog ibe lareer work, ate : T. B. StawtU. of the Bryai
ege. Provideooe; EaUm d- ISumeU. Baltimnre: Gto. H'. Brtnon. Jarkminvillo Hi - J J" " '
'. Ridtr, Trentoe. N. J.; LiUibridgt
t, Logansport, Ind; O. A. FUining,
neapolU, Minn.; Ch. B. VtriU. FrankUi

<k. Mich.; s'trunk tt

. Btoomington, i

Baton it lAmUty. ""

innepeg.

Wy,

Kj);. &ft»oi.BrookIj-n,N.Y.; & A'trr, St. Johni, N. B.: Btrtha Bann, Lowell, M^. ; C. W.R.>1

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, 805 Broadway, New York.

ESTERBROOK'S

Serfes of

Onii PENS

:^KyLVvW^S^ ^^b ^ti^^^\>gg»^'g>V»J

What knowledge is of moat worths f

What every boy and girl should study.
What every teacher should study.
What will save thousands of dollars.
Wliat will prepare every boy for business.
What will avoid troublesome litigation.
What is more important than "ologies."
What will make this study teachable.
What branch has been too much neglected.
What sliould be used in every school.
What every teacher should adopt at once.

L. L. L.;

On,

FIFTY LAW
LESSONS.

first supply for

iiplo

D. APPLETON & CO,, Publishers,

Nbw York, Boston, CnicAoo, San Francisco.

PKNMANSHIP.

nng I

fully.

SPECIMENS.

ue elaborate piec« of flouriBhiog (teat) 35o.

wo .pcclmeD. of flouriflhtDo- (dillereDt deaign,) 50 "

ne ihciel of uHtfng (81x11?, Jooludlog two itylo. of

DO heaotifiil set of Offhand Capitaia IS "

WRITTEN CARDS Idoi 2doa
1 — Plain while Briatol 35 o 45 o

a — Qill-edge.

Penmanship and Art Department
WESTERN NORMAL COLLEGE,

BuBhjieU, rU.

13 leMoTu Id ornamental peDmanibip. by mail

Specimen of aoumhlng aod bunoess writing

Whulearm oapitata, variety of capitals and oombl-

50

Penmen'* chart (22ria) coneUts of ftxeroiMt, prin-
dple«, Dgniw, alphabeU, oombinstioni, biui.
neM-wrihng, birdi, card wrlliDg. leHering. etc.

oil painniig. lAndicape, m»rine, portrait.

::

PEIRCE'S

'USINESS COLLEGE

KEOKUK, IOWA.

SPECIAL PENMAN.SHIP DEPARTMENT UNDEK

THE DIRECT SUPERVISION OF

CHANDLER H. PEIRCE.

iDl>- (»35.00) thirty

C. N. GRANDU. Manager,
3-12 BusHNELL, 111.

r, Morgan, Ky.

ttoOo'MdK'iI^r'

oily. »3.()(

ii

"^

fiNSTRUCTIi
peomuniililp.

KEOKUK. IOWA.

MOTICE. If.yoD with to
6-t BIHSB iL Hort-MAKM, E

la ft good p«n-a

^

^

^^i^Tffi

niMjj^i ^

^<gJu^n-^.^i::?<^^^

A TRIUMPHANT TEXT-BOOK.

" Mr. HadftrKBz doM a very extensive card
businee*. He is an excellent writer and flbould
t liberal palrooage. Hi» card-work is
unexcelled. D. T. Ahb8.

THE NEW

PRONOUNCED BY THE ABLEST BUSINESS EDUCATORS Oh THE COUNTRY

THE MOST PRACTICAL TEXT-BOOK UPON THAT SUBJECT PUBLISHED

uiii tlie pn^a September

of othei

Sample copiee will be i

Conunert
It next September.

•t v?holeBale price, \$1.25. A circular containing o
of tlie book, will be mailed free to any address.

Muiix

Departni

ailed lo teachern for examination at the
monials similar to those given below, together with a complete descripti

WILLIAMS & ROOERS, Publishers, Rochester, N. Y.

aupi-s

pabllitied."
L.W.C0VK..L.8.mlaar-r.<
iiilX Uke obafge of t hrri- tim<

«youi

I'X,?""""''"

' '"?.

eeplng n

i™'SSS"

AMERICAN
COUNTING-ROOM

iirly "Til

Iioi>

THE

American Popular Dictionary

' AMEBlCAtt

a word in &e BngrliBh

1 OlC

American Countiso-boom
cif n new inoutlily magazine — tlu' first nu
l>er nf wliich will appear in July. Its m
»ion is to 8ii,.|.ly ii ".ml in tlw lipid of in
fill i.n.1 |,r;„n/,.l m.- ii
imiviiled Ii,. .1 I I-

1.11 .-1

liu il 1
tedinic

,.:::;::,

Wilhl

1 llii- M

,|,t. o

. It

■•ill t

h(l)'

higliesl importance in the iimnagoment of
business affairs in a plain, straightforward
Hlylo, which iiono can fail to coniprohemj.
It will cover, in one department, the dis-
ciissiiiu of all subjoctB pertaining to that
brunch of counting-room work which it has
hitherto been the aim and effort of The
Hook-keeper to foster and improve. It

lared reviews of the market, and reliable
eports of financial and commercial opera-

Attention is called
pectus which will appear
''*■■■ TERMS.

Yearly suhscription

the <

Sis

nths -

.20

number* supplied by netvsdealers
everywhere.
ly Subscribers to The Hook-keeper
will be supplied with American Count-
ing-room til expiration of subscriptions
orders and communicatiuna,

American Counting-room,

p. 0. Box 2126. NEW YORK.

THK

National Indexed Atlas.

From Government d Special Surveys.

d StAtw, togvthn

topograpble*! map*

M. oiUwi. vitiligo, !>OI

JNO. W.LYON & CO.,

OapvtiDraU, ibe'Poal-oIfl
SlatM NavMl Oburrator)-,

)fET.«1neeT.
and Cfluiiit
Uie Unli«l

Ucurf* U. WhMlw. CUnnoe Klu. «c.. «l«.i tnm tbe
QoT^Rion UT Seerctarie* of mart of tb* Stales and T«r-
ritoriasi frumtbeCivU EoginMia ul U>« phooipal Rail-
way«i (him County SurT(>yoi«,Cl(

initKvripl n

i liuianoM,

br ui for tbs purpOM, and to p«rfMt A
UlU«s Speeial Smrvtyt hav« bMu made.

tb« part of uameruiu oot\m of CompU«n, 6

h. But to gel your influence and mK>d
work In behalf ot our paper, ne will send it. po«t-paid, lo
yonr addreu. during tbe whole twelve month* of 1683,

improve our paper aa we promise to do in the January,
1863, iuue ol our paper. tl.OOO worth of prizea will be

in "SawyeTianPenmRn«hlp,"and in " Sawyerography—
Universal Sburlhand," will t>e giren, and prisea awarded
rorproflciency and improvement.

Sawyerogfapby 1.00

Caoadian Peaman (SeU-Initraotor) - - .79

Total worth (3 CD

Sawvkb BkOb., Importers and Pnbliaben,

REMINGTON

STANDARD TYPE -WRITER.

WHITINO MACHINE.
SAVES TIME LABOR AND MONEY.

Wyckoff. Seamans & Benedict,

•'■ 381 A 283 Broadway, J

TWO TEACHERS
DM* College. Ub

AGENTS WANTED.

IN EVERY TOWN IN AMERICA,
to solicit suberiptioDs lo the Prnma»'s Abt JoukNAL

New Spennerian Compendium in parts (6 parts

Congdon's Normal Lettering and FlooriehlDg, eaoh
Slandard Practical Penmanehip, by tbe Spencer

F^yErJlSrW^V"^'".....'".?..!*!"^;^" 1 00
Marriage Certificate, 16*22 1 00

I»rd'B Prayer ' " \".\'.\\ViV.\i'l."^ll^^ 50

Bounding Slag. 24s32 50

Flourished Eagle, 24x32 50

CeDtenoial Picture of Progress, 22s2S 50

•^ 28x40 1 00

Ornamental aad Flouriabed Cards, 13 desigiu , aew,

l.byn

Ojbye

BRYANT'S

New Series Book-keeping.

.pll«lion.

whose fine penmanship goes to all partfl of the
country, will write your name, in the style
six cards, and inclost same iu a b&ndaome
Russia-Leatheu Card-Case, on receipt of
\$1.40.

BRILLIANT BLACK INK

sent by express for \$1.30 per quart. Receipt
for its manufacture, 30 cents.

On receipt of \$1 and ten 1-ceiit stamps I will
send you the following, prepaid, viz.:

2 Sets of Capitals, different, , . . wnrtb .'>U
1 Brilliant Black Ink Recipe ..." .ao

3 Specimens of Flourishing ..." .50
Box Steel Pen " .50

Total worth .

ei.80

THREE COMPLETE SETS OF
OFF-HAND CAPITALS,

no two alike, only 54 cents. Single sets, '25
cents. To students and others dssiring a
variety of the latest styles of Capitals, tliei<f
will be found to be the finest pen-and-ink work
executed by any penman in the world.

^^On receipt of twelve 1-cent stamps Bam-
ples of cards will be sent, showing tbe niosi
wonderful command of the pen.

Professional penmen often inquire letuit pen
is used by Madnrasz that he can make suuii
fine hair-lines and bold shades. Tbe identical
pens will be sent to an;" address for 50 cent*
per box, and for the very finest quality, tlO
cents per box. After five years' constant use
these pens cannot be too highly recommended

Poor writing made good, and good writiu|,'
made BETTER, by using the improved

Patent Oblique Penholder.

SUPERB Specimen of Letter-writing.

and am confident that I will please you.

p. 0. Box 2105, New York City-

AHEAD OF ANY THAT IS BEING Al'

VERTISED THAT COMPARISON IS I'St

LESS." ^"

Ple&ae meDtioa the JoURMAl»

TEACHERS' GUIDE.

Entered at tiik Post-Offick of
New York, N. Y., as Second-Class Matter.

O, T. AMES. Editor and Propri

NEW YORK, JULY, 1883.

Vol. VII.— No. 7.

Lessons Omitted.

Offing 10 tfip large ainuQot of other mat-
tor we dedired to present in this number,
and Ilie fact that both Prof. Spencer aud
onrgelves have been so occnpied with affairs
pertaining to the Hueiness Educators' Con-
vention, and the cflort for a short vacation,
88 to interfere with lh« preparation of copy
and illUBtratioDS, both the WriliDg-Leeson
and the article on Correspondence have
been deferred. One or both will appear in
the Augnst issue. ^^

Report of the Fifth Annual Con-
cators and Penmen of America.
In view of the fact that a verbatim re-
port, in pamphlet form, of the proceedings
of the Convention is to be immediately
published, we ehall attempt little more than
an outline of the proceedings, giving pre-
eminence to that portion which relates more
specially to peuinanship.

The Convention couvened on July lOlh,
in the hail of the Speucerian Business
College ( Lincoln Hall ), Washiogtoo, D. C,
and was called to order by Hon. A. D.
Wilt, of Dayton, Ohio, President.

The following members and attendants
were present :

Hon. A. D. Wilt, Daylon, Ohio.

C. E. CaI.Y. N^w York city.

S. S. Packard, New York cily.
MisB LoTTiu E. Hii.L, New York city.

D. T. Ami:s, New York city.
Mre. D. T. Amics, Nbw York city.
H.m. H. A. Sl'KNX'KR, N«w York city,
n. 0. SPESCKR, WaBhinglon. D. C.
Mr*., n. C. Si-KNrKU, Waehingtou, D. C.
Lyman I' Sii m i i;, Washiiiglon. D. C.

LE1>NAJ:i. >I( X, I ,: \V;,,|iingI.»ll. D. C.

M'''^ ^i^■...n V,, ,, , ,. Wa^l.inp,,.,,. D. C
CJr.o. i;. Lu ii.i,. Waeliiiiyiou, D. C.
!•:. e. low.NsiiND, Washington, D. C.

(-inn. n. I). MrSSF.Y, WftBhlDKlOIl, D. C.

J. W. 8WANK. WaBhinglon, D. C.

J. O. T. Mt'CARTHV. Washi.jgton, D. C.

D. A. JJnowN, Washington, D. C.

M. D. Casky. of the V. S. Treasury, Wash-
iugton. D. C.

K. C. 8i'i:\(Kit. Milwaukee. Wis.

C. H. l'i;ni<r:, K-olcuk, Iowa.

J.W. Hkown. .I,uksn..vill»., 111.

Hon. U:x Mvmi, m I ..noi,, Mich.

URlAti .M. 1.1 1 ( Ol.io.

G. W. Ml. II M 1 ..!„., iin. Ohio.
A. H. liiNMVN, U.w^.iM, Maea.
MfB. A. H. Hi.NMAN, Worcester, Masa.
W. H. Saih.kr. liBltimore. Md.
Mre. W. H Sadlkr. Baltimore. Md.
W. H. pATitKK, Baltimore. Md.
V. E. Rnr.F.lts. Ruehfaler, N. Y.
A, S. Osi»oi!M.. U.,ch«8l».r, N. Y.
C. P. .Mkai.s, Syracnae. N. Y.
Mrs. W. N. Vkkkx. London. Canada.
Hon. A. J. Kn>KH, Trwitnii, N. J.
.r. M. Frashhr, Wheeling, W. Va.
Mrs. J. M. KitASiiKIt, Wheeling, W. Va.
Mils Framibh, Wheeling, W. Va.
Miw Frasiikh. Wheeling. W. Va.
Muster Frasiikr. Wheeling, W. Va.
C. X. CiJAMM.K. BuBhnell. III.
Mrs. C. N. CHAM.I.K. Buehuell, III.
R. S. CoLi.ixs. Kiug'a Mountain, N. C.
(i. M. Smithde.m., tireeasburo, N. C.

the prureedings of the meeting and super
intend their publieaiion.

A letter was read from Mahlon J. Wood-
ruff, Manager of the Russell Erwin Manu-
facturing Co., New York, favoring the es-
tablishment of the Piatt R. Spencer Memo-
rial Library at Geneva, 0. Tlie letter con-
tained an eloquent tribute to Mr. Spencer's
devotion to the cause of bu*iine=s education.
Communications on the same subject were
received from Jay P. Treat, Esq., and Mr.
P. W. Tuttle, of Geneva, 0.

were appointed a committee to draft suita-
ble resolutions relating to the establish-
ment of the Piatt R. Spencer Memorial
Hall and Library Association at Geneva, 0.
Mr. Packard, of New York, spoke for an
hour on the subject of the management ol
business schools. He first gave a rapid
sketch of the history of business education
during the past thirty five years, most of
which he has seen and much of which he
has helped to make, and then took up the
subject ot buildine up and conducting busi-
ness colleges. He believed in vigorous but
is in itself a wholesome idea, and what is
wholesome cannot he too strongly or per-
sistently placed before the public. He
drew the contrast between the schools of
thirty- ffve years ago, when the proprietors
of competing institutions were implacable
and the educators of to-day, who
in the best sense co-workers, and who
year after y
change views o

Then there w
500 students i

r of Edu

ngAn

Prof. C. E. Cady waa appointed to report

on all the vital questions
nto the domain of teaching.
ire not in all the country over
than 40,onO,aud the Commis-
ation is forced to give them a
A spare in his annual reports,
colleges had, in fact, come to
in an important sense repre-
;an educatiim. Ho entered at
length upon the liberal method of encour-
aging the young men and women by fully
recognizing the best there was in them, and
holding them to account only as men and
women should be held to account ; and he
laid great stress upon the beniticent effect
of educating the sexes together. He had
had grave doubts at first as to the feasibility
of this plan; but all doubts had long since
thin air, and he could see no
. large school should not be
a largo family. Men and
women have to meet in all the relations of
life, and the more they learn to measure
each others' intellectual worth the better
for both and for all. He cxtoUed the
teacher's profession, and claimed that there
was not a nobler or more dignified title in
all the world than that of schoolmaster;
that the man who showed himself to be a
born teacher was just as divinely called to
1 fact more so

inished
lubstantially

than many of them, __ „.„ ^„

the fact that among the representatives
present fifteen p. rsons at least had followed
the profession for twenly-tive years on an
average, and their robust health and excel-
lent appearance must be accepted as prima
facie evidence that they were finding in

their work not only recompense in a mate-
rial way, but a satisfaction quite beyond that
which rests on the accumulation of money.

He alluded to the eminent men through-
out the land who had shown great zeal in
the work before them, and especially of
ex-Pres. Gaifield, whose glowing eulogium
delivered before the graduating classes of the
Spencerian College in Washington, in 1867,

In conclusion, he besought the members
of the Convention to be true to their good
work, and not to forget that, as no man
can live to himself alone, it is a noble thing
to live tor others in the way of building
them up in all good things. The teacher's
pay, however ample, is not his best nor his
chief reward. His reward is Id the happy

the hearts of his pupils which will domi-
nate their lives, and which will bear fruit
long after he has gone to his rest.

When the Association assembled at the
afternoon session President A. D. Wilt, of
the Dayton ( Ohio ) Business College, de-
livered an able and interesting Address, in
which he reviewed the rise and progress of
business colleges, dwelling at length on the
benefits to be derived from a thorough train-
ing in the theory and practice of business.

A. S. Osborne, of the Rochester ( N. Y. )
Business University, led in a discussion of
the Method of Marking, as employed in his
writing classes. Discussion followed, in
which Messrs. R. C. Spencer, Michael,
Brown, aud Mrs. If. C Spencer, of Wash-
ington, participated.

The exercise and discussion related to the
effect of various methods of marking for
advancing pupils in writing. The prevail-
ing sentiment seemed favorable to some
method of marking writing in all written
exercises as tending to induce greater care
and excellence than otherwise. The fol-
lowing we give substantially in the words
of The Washington Daily Post:

Upon the conclusion of this discussion,
Professor D. T. Ames, Editor of the Pen-
man's Art Journal, and a well-known
expert, proceeded to give a general talk
upon the principle employed by him and
his profession in detecting forgeries. He
began by referring to the general employ-
ment of experts in trials. ** Sometimes,"
he paid, in answer to a question, "it is
easy to distinguish forgeries; sometimes,
almost iinpossibl.'. No two persons write
exactly alike. No man, either, writes his

Though diflering, the diflerences are in
the slight variations of the same forma and
personalities: as between two kernels of
the same kind of grain, which may vary
widely in form and size, and yet leave no
ground to doubt their identity; while kernels
of different kinds of grain may closely rtf-
semble each other in form and size, yet
will each lack the characteristic features of
the other— as, for instance, two kernels of
corn may differ widely in form and size, yet
neither could be mistaken for a jwa or other
grain however close might be its resem-
blance in size and outline. There are
multitudinous habits in writing formed and
practiced onconeciously, and, being so, no
writer can entirely divest himself of them

and at the same time adhere to any written
style for big letters; tliis is a great difficulty
that confronts the forger or a person seek-
ing to disguise his writing.

Of a vast proportion of a writer's peculi-
arities he is himself unconscious, such as
initial and terminal lines, forms of letters,
their relative proportions, connections,
turns, angles, spacing, slope, shading ( in
place and degree ), crosses, dots, orthogra-
phy, punctuation, etc. These peculiarities
being habitual, and mainly unknown, can-
not be successfully avoided through any ex-
tended piece of writing. No writer c^n
avoid that of which he is not conscious, nor
can any copyist take cognizance of and
successfully reproduce those multitudinous
habitual peculiarities, and at the same time
avoid his own habit. A writer may with
the utmost ease entirely change the general
appearance of his writing; this may be done
by a change of slope, sire, or by using a
widely different pen; yet in spite of all effort
his unconscious wriliug habit will remain
and be perceptible iu all the details of his
writing. Such an effort to disguise one's
writing could be scarcely more successful
than would be a disgiiise of a person to
avoid recognition.

"Forgeries," he continued, "are generally
confined to autographs. The methods em-
ployed to forge them are various. One way
is by tracing the autograph on thin paper
and then re-tracing it. Another method is,
by practicing upon the autograph to be
forged until a more or loss exact copy can
be written off on the customary movement,
la the first case, on examining the forgery
there is generally noticed a hesitancy in the
line — a drawing movement — and it is not
practical to impart the customary shade of
the genuine, while first carefully tracing the
lines; these must be shaded, or, as it often
called, painted-in; subsequently, these sec-
ondary lines, however skillfully done, are
plainly visible when examined under a
microscope. Signatures made this way are
well calculated to deceive those who judge
from ordinary appearance and do not study
them closely. The other method— that of
practice and free-hand— is usually detected
by the presence of some personal rharacter-
of the forger and the absence of the
habitual characteristics of the genuine
I autograph, and quite frequently by this
I method the forger will deem it necessary to
retouch shades, in order to bring the for-
gery to a sufficiently close resemblance to
the genuine, which is always fatal to a
forgery when skillfully examined. There
will also, in thi3 kind of forgery, be more
or loss hesitancy in the writing noticeable
under the glass- an indication of thrtught.
No one can write as freely when he is
thinking how he is forming hia letters as he
can otherwise. Let any one of you write
your own signature, aud then try to copy it,
aud you will find that the second signature
has not the freedom of the first."

The professor here illustrated forcibly
upon the blackboard by requesting one of
the audience to write his own autograph,
naturally, twice upon the board, when he
called upon one »f the skillful writers pres-
ent to copy one of the autographs as nearly

Ht possible. The |>roffMor iheo gave, .a
v«ry interestiDf^ and akillful aoalysia, ehow-
iutf tlic very cliffereot character betweeu the
uattiral variations uf habit as between the
gcutiiDe aiit'igrapbn and tbe (lifrereoco as
betwecD tbe geouiae kdcI cpierl sigoature.
" MaDjr forgeries are execatcd with con-
summate skill, aod some well'Digh defy
detcctiuD. Id some cases in which I have
lieoa coDnulted I have declined to express
an opiuioo,on'iDg to lack of positive indica-
tions, or the limited compoehioo called in
queHtion. The most difficult cases for an
(expert lire wheo only a few words, coDtaio-
ioti, perh«j)8, not more than a dozen differ-
«ut letters were at hand. From these few
letters, and the handwritiDg of, perhaps, a
do^ieo persons, the guilty party had to be
discovered."

At the coQclusioD of bis talk a general
discussion of aa interesting character fol-
lowed, in which much icformatton coccern-
iug forgeriec, peculiarities of penmanship
and dilKcultics of expert-work were evolved.
Id the evening, the members and invited
guests — ninoDg whom wore many of tbe
prominent citizens and oflicials ot Wash-
ington — aseembti'd in the commodious
parlors of tlie Spencerian Businesa College,
wliere they were most hospitably received
aud entertaiucd by Professor and Mrs. H.
C. Spencer, by whom brief «od fitting
remarks of welcome wore made, whii^h
were respuLded to, on behalf of the guests,
by tlie Pre*ident, A. V>. Wilt. Most charm-
ing vocal music was rendered by Miss
Scott, of the Taberpaole Choir, and Mr. E.
J. Whipple, while E. C. Townaend, Pro-
fessor ot Elocution in the Spencerian Bus-
iness College, rendered eeveral highly
cntertaiuing recitations. Tlie entire even-
ing was p«8Bed in a nmst social and
pleasant mauDer. Toward the close of the
eveuiug the whole parly sat down to an
elegant supper.

The exercises of AVednegday commenced
at 8 A.M. by the Penman's Section, which
\va» led for twenty-five minutes in a dia-
eu8!-ion on mclliods of teaching writing by
C. II- Peirce. lie advocated iKo practice
of figures as a basis for (]uic-k aud accurate
movemeuls in the use of the pen. Pupils
who could inako figures rapid and well
could write correspondingly well. His
order of drill was to deveh)p —

I. Form.

^. Arrangement.

3. Speed, singly.

i. Speed, i>romiscuou8ly.

5. Endurance.

G. Habit established.

7. Combinations.

ti. Style.

!). Individuality.
He would never practice so rapidly as to
PHi'rifiito form. His plan was favorably re-
ceived. As a result of this drill, pupils
aciiuired the power to make good figures
Willi surprising rapidity. Ho showed his
own iivtrsge speed to bo Kit) ciphers to the
itiiuute, U'i sixes, 120 fours, 140 eights, 90
fives, HO threes, 108 uiues, DO twos, and 80
sevens. He also illustrated the ability of
the trained mind to write dowu figures
accurately while thinking or talking on
another subject.

mended the plan, aud said thai during his ex-
perience he bad ueverkuown a person to make
good figures who was not a good writer.

Au interesting discussion followed, par-
ticipated in by Cady, H. A. Spencer, Good-
man, Michael, Urowu, Frasher, and Wilt.
Messrs. Maybew and llinmau had tried Mr.
Peirce's plan and secured good results.

G. W. Brown led in a talk on business
wriiiiig. Ho said ho had almost come to
believe that good writing was not necessary
f'T good teaching ; he did not believe in the
superhUive niceties of the wiiting-master.
These slalemeuts led to a sharp discassiou,
participated iu by Messrs. Osborne, Rog-
ers, Hioman, aud others — the prevailing
seutiment seeming adverse to Mr. Brown's
plan.
The regular eesaion of the day was

opened at 10. A.u. by Kobert C. Spencer,
with a very able and valuable Paper upon
'■ Property and Progress." His Paper
elicited more than ordinary interest.

W. H. Sadler delivered an interesting
lectore on arithmetic, evolving some new
ideas concerning the science and ready nse
of numbers.

Au important feature of tbe day's proceed-
ings was the reading by Mr. H. C. Spencer
of a Paper, entitled, "The Fundamental
Theory of Acconnts," by Charles E.
Sprague, Secretary of the Union Dime
Savings Institution, Xew York, and co-
editor of American Counting-room. Mr.
Sprague's article was a clear and compre-
hensive discussion of the tenns "debit"
and "credit"; their true significance and
use in business; also, un explanation of
tbe uses and forms of the balance-sheet.
At the close of the reading a unauimous
vote of thanks was tendered to Mr.
Sprague for his very able and instructive
communication. On the opening of the
afternoon session Mr. William S. Aucbin-
closs, of Philadelphia, produced his noted
" Averaging Machine," and explained it
to the Convention. The machiDe was
designed to lessen the labor of calculation.
The necessities of modern science have so
increased tbe mat hemali can's work that it
is no longer possible for a busy man* to
spend the time required for performing the
long series of similar calculations which fre-
quently become necessary. The machine
is designed to perform intricate mathemat-
ical problems without mental labor, and
the illustration of tbe methods by which it
is operated was greeted with enthusiasm by
the Convention. A committee appointed to
test it thoroughly subsequently reported
that the averaging machine accomplishes
all that is claimed for it.

Mrs. Sara A. Spencer delivered a practical
lesson on the use of words and the forma-
tion of phrases, clauses, and sentences, with
blackboard illustrations, which elicited the
warmest praise and commendation of the
Association. A rising vote of thanks was

Mr. E. C Townsend, Professor of Elecu-
tion in the Spencerian College, delivered an
address on tbe practical uses of elocution in
the business affairs of the world.

Prof. Packard did not favor elocution as
a branch for basinets colleges to make a
speciality of. He taught reading and elo-
cution through daily reading of news and
market reports aloud by his students.
What was necessary was, first, ideas ; then
the ability to talk on one's feet.

H. C. Spencer objected to Prof. Pack-
ard's method of treating the subject under
consideration. His college had been in the
habit of employing a teacher of elocution
for many years, and had found it a good
thing. Prof. Packard had also employed
iu his institution elocutionists who had
been trained in other schools. Elocution is
the development of tbe voice in order that
it may properly express the emotions of the
soul. Prof. Townsend, during his services
in tbe college, bad wrought a work whose
value money could not fairly define.
Young men should be educated for citizen-
ship, and in this country the art of public
speaking might be correctly classed among
the duties of a citizen. Instead of decrying
tbe art of elocution we should commend it
for all it is worth. The effort of Prof.
Spencer elicited applause,

Mr. Brown, of Adams Express Com-
pany, and instructor in phonography in the
Washington Spencerian College, spoke on
phonography and its remarkable growth
in tbe last few years. Tbe time bad
come when it should be introduced into
the system of general education. The
proof of this is the great demand for short-
hand writers and for shorthand periodicals
and books. In all large cities thousands of
pbonographers are employed, and tbe num-
ber is constantly increasing. Phonography
should at once be incorporated iu the curri-
culum of husiuess colleges. The speaker
explained by a blackboard diagram a

shorthand machine, recently put on the
market by a St. Louis firm, for taking
down puplic speeches and dictations.

G. W. Michael, of Oberlin, Ohio, led a
discussion on teaching writing. He did
not claim to have originated any styles of
letters, but said he had developed a new
plan for teaching pupils to write rapidly
from tbe beginning. Mr. Michael's plan
did not appear to commend itself to other
teachers, as the prevailing opinion and
practice was to adopt a more deliberate
movement at the outset, and, after forms
are made with reasonable accuracy, work for
speed. Mr. Michael has the courage of his
convictions, and abounds with enthusiasm
in bis work, which seems to have produced
commendable results.

Mrs. Bailey, of Virginia, exhibited and
explained specimens of Heed's chart of in-
struction in penmanship. By means of
small covers, bung on hinges, different
portions of letters were concealed or opened
to view, so as to show the various relations
the several groups of letters sustained to
each other. As an example, the capital
letter R is completed upon the chart, and,
by means of covers, is changed to a B, and
then to a P. This method is ingenious,
and is commendable as a means of illustrat-
ing the relative construction of letters.
This same method was developed some
years since by H. W. Ellsworth, of New
York.

Mr. H. C. Spencer delivered an interest-
ing Address on tbe art of instruction in
penmanship that was listened to with pro-
found attention. He illustrated the plan of
spacing and joining letters, and discussed
abbreviated forms.

The night proceedings were opened by
Hon. Ira Mayhew, in a comprehensive and
interesting discussion of tbe decimal system.

Judge Lawrence, First Comptroller of
the U. S. Treasury, delivered an admirable
Colleges." He testified to the great utility
of business colleges, and of the good that
had been accomplished by them in giving
the present generation a practical training.
The Judge was given a unanimous vote of
thanks.

The evening programme was closed by
Prof. Packard; in au elaborate and practical
illustration of the classification of accounts,
which elicited warm commendation.

On Thursday, at 8,30, Penmen's Section,
C. H. Peirce discussed movement aud trac-
ing exercises as an aid to speed and ac-
curacy in writing; his examples were placed
upon the board with great accuracy. Dis-
cussion followed by Messrs. R. C, H. C.
and H. A. Spencer, Michael and Ames- At
10 A.M., the Convention adjourned for an
excursion, tendered to the Association by
the Executive Committee, upon the
steamer Corcoran, to Mount Vernon — the
home and tomb of Washington. Its sight
is upon the Virginia shore of the Poto-
mac, about fifteen miles below the city.
Throughout the entire distance the scenery
was beautiful, the day was pleasant, and all
things conspired to render the trip a must
delightful one.

Mount Vernon is in itself picturesque
and grand, which, united with its historical
associations as the home and last resting-
place of tbe Father of his country, renders
it a hallowed and interesting place to every
American. The old mansion of Washing-
ton has been carefully preserved, as nearly
as possible, in the same condition as it was
when occupied by bim. In the rooms re-
main the same quaint old furniture which
he used, presenting to the visitor a striking
aud truthful contrast between the meager

nd Iu

of J

and a century ago. Arriving at the mau-
sion tbe party were most courteously re-
ceived and escorted through the buildings
and grounds by the genial and urbane Su-
perintendent, Col. J. McHeury Hollings-
worth, whose many anecdotes and remiu-
is<*nces of the place and its former occu-
pants, were alike interesting and instructive.
In a large ball erected and ftirolehed with

tabled, chairs and other conveniences forthe
aoeommodatioa of excursion parties, was
spread a sumptuous repast for tbe entire
party, provided by Mr. and Mrs. H. C.

Spencer, of the Spencerian Business Col-
lege. The party returned to the city at
4 o'clock, and all were entbusiastio in their
expressions of satisfaction and delight with
the trip.

At 6 30 P.M., A. H. Hinman presented to
the Penmen's Section his method of leach-
ing writing. He advocates the omission of
initial and terminal lines ; also the shortening
of capital letters and loops, as tending to
make writing more legible by giving more
open spacing and clearer margins. Dis-
cussion followed by Messrs. Peirce, H. C.,
H. A., and R. C. Spencer, Michael, Meads,
Brown, Packard and Ames. After which
D. T. Ames addressed the Association upon
the application of artistic penmanship to
commercial purpDses, in which he explained
the method of making drawings for repro-
duction by photo - engraving and photo-
lithography. He said that through the aid
of these processes the penman's art had as-
sumed a new importance in the commercial
world, and opened to the real pen-artist a
broad and fruitful field. By the aid of these
processes the skillful penman became prac-
tically an engraver ; all drawings made with
clear, black lines, however fine, could he
perfectly reproduced upon relief plates and
printed upon a common press the same as
wood engravings and type, or transferred to
stone and printed as lithographs. India ink,
freshly ground in water in a slopeing tray
until it is entirely black, should be used.
Drawings should he made upon fine bristol-
board, and twice the size of tbe desired
reproduction.

Gen. R. D. Mussey, of the Washington
bar, delivered an interesting .Vddress on
cated the adding of a law department to
tbe business colleges, and illustrated the
importance of business men becoming famil-
iar with the practical knowledge of the
laws of the country. The gentleman was
listened to with profound attention, and
was thanked by ttie Convention.

Prof. F. E. Eagers, Secretary of the
lengthy technical Address on " Actual Busi-
ness Practice for Business Colleges," illus-
trating bis system by drawings on the black-
marked manifestations of approval by the
Convention.

Messrs. Packard, Sadler, and Mayhew, of
the Committee appointed to draft suitable
resolutions relating to the establishment of
the Piatt R. Spencer Memorial Hall and
Library Association at Geneva, Ohio, re-
ported in favor of the early founding of such
an institution as follows :

The Committee to whom was referred
the matter of the Spencerian Memorial Hall
Hall aud Library reported the following,

1. That we deem it in every way appro-
priate and befitting that the Association
should ally itself to the scheme of perpetu-
ating the memory as it is already perpetuat-
ing the work of the author of Spencerian ;
and that this is the occasion which should
be seized upon for carrying that purpose

2. That the steps which have already
been Uken by the Piatt R. Spencer Mem-
orial Hall and Library Association, in erect-
ing a building in the village of Geneva,
Ohio, for a public hall and library, appeals
at once to our sense of what is the best
thing to be done, and that what we do
should be to aid directly in tho work.

3. That we propo e that this associa-
tion shall cause to be prepared, or shall
adopt what may have been prepared, and
what may be prepared, a beautifully en-
graved document, which shall serve aa a
receipt fur contributions to the fund for this
purpose. This document to contain a por-
trait of p. R. Spencer, and be in all respects
a beautiful and acceptable souvenir.

4. That through the colleges represented
in this Association subscriptions be solicited
in all parts of the country, and efforts be
make to popularize this subscription aod to
so extend a knowledge of the enterprise as
to secure the best results; Therefore be it

Mesolved, That the representatives of,
busioess colleges in the different cities of

the Uoited Sutes aod Cnaailu uorlertake to
■ecara fuBdn to foond the Plait R. Speocer
Memnrial IIhII aorl Library of Geneva, Ohio,
aod will co-operate with the pareat associa-
tion under their charter, to that end.

L. L. Williams, Preoident of the Bofi
Dess Univeraity of Rochester, N. Y., was
elected treasurer and financial ageDt fur the
Piatt R. Spencer Memonal Fund.

A letter waa received from the Execative
Mansion inviting the uemhers of the body
to caIl*upon President Arthur.

A resolution wae adopted tendering the
thanks of the Convention to the press of
the city o( Washington and conntry tor the
liberal and accurate report of ita pro;eed-
ings.

The following reaolutions of thanks to
Mr. and Mrs. H. C Spencer, offered by
S. S. Packard, were UDaniinousIy adopted,
and were gracefully respoDded to by both
Mr. and Mrs. Spencer:

Resolved, That the thanks of this Con-
veotioD be tendered to Mr. and Mis. H. C
Spencer for their very great appreciation of
our needs, individually and colleclively, and
for their more than courteous attenlion to
thene needs.

Resolved, That as words have limitations,
□otwithsiaoding the geoeral impression that
our English vocabulary contains sufficient
to express the greatest depths and the finest
shades of ineauiug, we feel the paucity of
language to gi?e voice to our deep sense of
gratification for all that we have received at
their hands.

Resolved, That in view of these limita-
tionp, we carry in our hearts the unuttered
thanks we feel for all that we have re-
ceived, and express our hopes that our
hosts may live forever and receive in this
life and the next all that they deserve.

1 selected as the
St National Con-

Rochester, N. Y.,
place fur holding the

The election of officers for the ensuing
year was next proceeded with. Prof. Sadler
nominated Mr. 11. C. Spencer for President,
a suggestion that was received with ap-
plause.

Mr. Spencer declined, and nominated
Mr. Charles E. Cady, of New York ; Mr.
officers were elected : Vice-presidents —
W. H. Sadler, Baltimore, Md. ; C. H Peirce,
Keokuk, Iowa; W. N. Yerex, London,
Ont; Frank Goodman, Nashville, Tenn.
Secretary and Treasurer ~ A. J. Rider,
Trenton, N. J. Executive Committee~L.
L. Williams, Rochester, N. Y. ; G. W.
Brown, Jacksonville, HI. ; A. H. Hiuman,
AVorcester, Mass. Executive Committee,
Penmen's 5«(i"om — Daniel T. Ames, New
York city ; A, S. Oihorne, Rochester, N.
Y.; C. H. Peirce, Keokuk, Iowa.

At 10 A.M. members took carriages to visit
points of interest in the city. After view-
ing the Capitol, Treasury, and other depart-
ments, the members were driven to the Ex-
ecutive Mansion at 1 p.m. to pay their re-
spects to the President. The ladies and
gentlemen, about forty in numljer, were in-
troduced to the President by Prof. H. C.
Spencer, principal of the Washington Busi-
ness College, with remarks as follows :

tlemen present are members of the Business
Educators' Assooiaiiou of America, and
have been holding a Convention in this
city. They are representatives of the busi-
ness colleges established iu the cities of our
country. Haviog completed the sessions of
their Coavoutiou, ihey desire, before leaving
the national capital, to pay their respects to
the Chief Magistrate of their conntry.

field, was a lifelong friend of business edu-
cation and a warm personal friend of many
of these ladies and gentlemen present. As
the representative of the business college
of Washington, it is my pleasant duty to

The members were then each introduced

to the Prepident, who received them with

much cordiality, after which he addressed

them in the following words:

is pleased to see you here,

country. The great interests of the country
are represented by its business and the intel-
ligence of the people. Ii is very fitting that
these should be combined ; you represent
them both. The President sbuuld be friendly
to these interests, and is therefore glad to
meet yoo, and wishes for yon the greatest
possible success."

An informal meeting was held at the busi-
ness college at 3 P.M. to listen to a lecture
and to witness an exhibition of chalk and
charcoal drawing by Prof. George E. Little,
who rapidly executed, in the presence of the
delighted audience, pictures of fruits, ani-
mals, and distinguished persons, making
striking and lifelike portraits in the amaz-
ingly shoit lime of thirty seconds to two
minutes for each.

At the close of the exhibition, D. T.
Ames moved " that a vote of thanks be ten-
dered to Prof. Liltle for his most successful
and remarkable exhibition of skill in free-
hand drawing," and said ; " It excels any-
thing that it has ever been my pleasure and
good fortune to witness." The motion was
enthusiastically carried.

Mr. S. S. Packard read the following,
which was unanimously adopted as the sense
of the meeting:

Inasmuch as Mr. D. T- Ames, of New
York, editor and publisher of the Penman's
Art Journal, has, Irom its incrption,
aided and promoted the purposes of the
iu fact, in an iinpnrlaut sense been its
father ; and inasmuch as his hand and heart
are ahvays in the work of our specialty,
always ready to do good work for educati<m
and m irality, we. the members of that As-
so.iaiion iu convention assembled at Wash-
ington, feel it to be no less a duty than a
pleasure to commend Mr. Ames and his
Journal to public favor.

Especially do we commend him and it to
the favorable regard ol the business educa-
tors of the country, and to the young men
and women who are entering upon a busi-
ness education or a business life.

The Penman's Art Journal is an
organ of no uncertain sound. Its utter-
ances are bold, decided, and in the direcli'in
of all good achievements. We look upon
it as the most valuable of all the agencies
for promoting sound ideas of the great work
in which we are engaged, and we liereby
pledge to it our hearty co-operation and

Resolutions of thanks to all the retiring
officers were passed, when the Convention
adjourned to m^et at Rochester, N. Y., at
such time as the Executive Committee shall

It

1 the

cpression of all
who attended the Convention ihat this was
the most interesting, profitable, and enthu-
siastic Convention ever held by the Associa-
tion, which was largely owing to the kind
attention shown the members by the citi-
zens of Washington, and the very liberal
and hospitable attention bestowed upon
them by Mr. and Mrs. Spencer, who
spared neither labor nor expense in their
well- chosen efforts for the social enter-
tainment of their guests, whom they seemed
to consider all the attendants to be. We
are fully conscious that our share in such
hospitality cannot be suitably requited in
thanks; we can, therefore, only hope that
our hosts will at some future time place us
in a position to return a more sobetantial
reciprocation.

By Paul Pastnor.

No ene saw him, as he sat with bowed
head in the little dingy attic room, which
was at the same time htf
and kitchen. It was a brc
that was bowed so pathel
curling locks falling down
bands folded on the table, _
fresh and fair as any girl's. His arms were
crossed at the wrists, and under them lay
an open book ; while the shortening candle,
so long unsnutfed, burneil dimly, filling
the room with an unpleasant smell.

" Oh, well," he sighed, " I shall have to
give ■

study, bedroom
rally— the h.ng
over the slight
nd the white.

..«,. glad u. .ee. .»;-;«;;;„ oTu.": i iz:i:\:::;j'LZT::f::::ii

my last cent is gone. I will stay the week
out, live as I may, and then if nothing
turns up to give me a lift, why back I must
go to the old humdrum, hopeless life on
the farm— dig and delve, dig and delve,
never growing any wiser, never growing
any happier, and in the end, perhaps, hav-
ing just enough to lay one decently away in
the ground!"

The boyish face was raised from the
table, and bent wearily above the book
again. It was a handsome, open, winning,
face, but alas! so careworn, so prematurely
wasted and sad. It showed traces of hard,
close work — of sleepless nighrs and early
morniog vigils — of disappointment, too,
and a weary longirg for something better,
higher, yet still far out of reach.

Henry Deering was a young law student.
By dint of hard scrimping, hard woik, and
an occasional small loan from some less
hardly circumstanced friend he had resolu-
tely worked his way through college, and
was now endeavoring, wiih all his might,
to comjdete the two years' course of legal
study necessary to prepare him for admis-
sion to the bar. He had chosen a famous
law school in New York City, not so much
because of its superior advantages as
because in the great metropolis he was mure
likely to pi<-k up odd jobs here and there,
upon the scanty returns of which he was
resolved to pay his way. But it was, indeed,
a hard struggle. Employmeut waa to be
had but occasioually, and that of the most
menial and ponrly paid sort ; rent — even of
his little attic room —was high ; it cost
something to buy food, though the resolute
young fell-.w actually lived on almost
nothing; and, lastly, to meet the term
bills took about all be could scrape to-
gether, to do his best. So it is uo wonder
that he was discouraged that April night,
as he sat next to the roof of the old tene-
ment building and heard the dreary rain
paltering on the sluugles. It was true that
his last cent was gone. A eiieap twenty-
cent meal at a neighboring restaurant —
all that was left of the princely sum of five
dollars, earned by two day's hard work at
the docks. " I will stay the week out," he
repeated to himself, as he flung himself
down on his bare mattress that night,
"and ilieu, if nothing turns up, I must go

The week passed. Henry lived from
hand to mouth, often haviog to absent him-
self from lectures to earn enough to pay for
bis frugal meal at night and keep his land-
lady from turning him out of his dingy
room. On Saturday morning he strolled
despairingly out upon ibe crowded streets.
It was the busy day of the week in the
great metropolis, ;ind throngs of seriou-s-
faced people were flowing in steady streams
past each other on the broad pavements.
"I must get some steady employment
somewhere," thought Henry Deering, "and
pursue my law studies whenever opportu-
nity oflers. I cannot live like a dog any
longer." This resolution gave him new hope,
and he strode sturdily along, now and then
stepping into some particularly inviting-
looking store, to ask if they didn't want a
willing helper, and taking every repulse
with a cheery "All right, sir," that made
the proprietor half sorry he hadn't en-
gaged him, even at the necessity of mak-
ing a place for the handsome young fellow.

But when noon came, and nothing bad
been gained, hungry, tired, thoroughly
disappointed and half angry with himself
for his headstrong ambition, Henry Deer-
matter up. He had just five cents in his
pocket, which he had earned by helping a
drayman lift a piano-bos; and with this
he slipped into a dirty little restaurant and
purchased a cup of muddy cofl'ee and a
biscuit. Poor as this fare was, it served to
take away the sharp edge of hii ravenous
appetite, and gave him a sense of strergih
and warmth from within which was almost
refreshing. He determined to go back to
his lodgings and study for an hour or two,

and then set out upon bis ()uest again in the
latter part of the afternoon.

Hardly, liowevfr, had be toiled up the
rickety stairs and seated himself at his
table to study, when in marched his laud-
lady, and demanded rent for that week and
for the ensuing week in advance. " I
ilaresu't trust ye no longer," she said,
insolently. "My motto is, pay and stay,
or quit and git. Y'U have been mighty
slow about eomin' around with the rent
this M-eek, and so I know that aotnethiu's
the matter of ye. You must pay now, and
keep the room, or else pack np your duda
and git."

Ini

did poor Henry remonstrate; the
vixen was obdurate. The money she
would have, or the room. Finally she
consented to let him remain until over
Sunday, and then if the rent was not forth-
cotniiig he must find lodgings elsewhere.
The young man again sallied out upon the
street with feelings which cannot easily be
imagined by those who have never been in
circumstances somewhat of the same kind.
To say that be was despondent and well-
nigh hopeless would be hardly strong
enough. He was clean discouraged, and in
the despair of the moment — terrible as it
may seem — thoughts even of self destruc-
tion floated through the young man's mind.

In thia fr?

pun

down one of the principal thoroughfai_.,
when, suddenly looking up, he saw a well-
dressed gentleman with one coat-sleeve—
his right — tucked into his pocket, standing
at the open door of one of the stores, and
gazing anxiously up and down the street.
Indepd, so almost importunate was his look
that Henry stopped, hesitated, and finally
stepped forward with his hand to his cap
and asked if he could be of any service.
The gentleman looked earnestly down upon
the sympathetic, frank face of the young
man before him, and suddenly asked —
"Can you write?" Henry was somewhat
surprised at such a demand from one who
seemed to be rather looking for some mes-
senger to run an errand of life and death;
but be answered, promptly and respectfully,

"Step this way," said the gentleman,
quickly leading Henry down the long
salesroom of the store to the cosy office be-
yond. "Here, take this pen, and show me
what you can do. Write your name, and
some sentence following." Henry sat down
and wrote in smooth running business hand,
" H- nry D. ering. Perseverance is the

" Good ! " said the one-armed gentleman,
as he picked up the slip and scanned the
fair chirography. My secretary has failed
me to day— his irregular habits, as usual
—and I have a large amount of important
correspondence to dictate. Therefore, if

willir

propose to use you as
' Secretary _pro tern' for the rest of the day,
at a liberal salary." Henry's eyes slione
with gratitude; but he simply said, I will
do my best, sir, and thank you." Oh, bow
many times he thanked his fortunate stars,
as be sat there writing smoothly and rap-
sliip in his college days, aud acquired the
graceful hand of a ready writer! Visions
ployment and good wages in

his favi

befor

He

' hahi

hope that perhaps the
" of the present secretary
of the kind gentleman who had employed
him would result in a change in that office,
favorable to himself. At seven o'clock llie
gentleman ordered in a delightful litth'
lunch for both, and at nine (.'clock he closed
his desk and informed his faithful atnan-
uensis that tlie labors of the day were ovt-r
—and. indeed, never so satisfactorily per-
formed before; with which, he handed
Henry a crisp five dollar b,ll, with the re-
quest that he should drop in again on Mon-
day afternoon, if he had no other engage-
mtul. Henry came, of course, and his
kind empb)yer, being at leisure, gradually
drew from him his story. At its close, he
put bis hand kuidly on Henry's shoulder,

AK'i fJoruv.vi.

sod mi—" Yooog man, I believe you faire
iMmeil the be»l l»ion ..f life, HDiJ practiced
it too. PerseTenioce w the road to succeaa, |
•ad joa h«vo traveled it nobly. N..w, if
yoa are »illiD(! to t«Ve a liel|iiog haod, I
am oaly too glad to lecd it I have di»-
cbatged my eeorelary. II.1 came into the
office, Ihia mornine, dfouk and inaolent,
and I loKl him hi. tcrvire. were no longer
ncede<l. The ro.ilion is not an onerous
one, and yon icill have all the moruing for
your studies — will you accept itt"

That night Hf'ury wrote home, '* I am
all righl now, niotbcr. Perseverance is the

Agnosticism in China.
Every true Confucian, says the North
China Herald, is an agnostic, lie believes
only iu the seen ; the unseen he regards as
how we should serve the spirits, Coufuciiis
replied, " Unal.le to serve men, how can
we serve spirits t " Confine your thoughts
to human duty. To serve men well is the
beet way to serve the gods. To the ciues-
lion which immediately followed regarding
death, his answer was, " Not knowing life,
how can we know death t" Attend to the
present : why trouble yourself with insolu-
ble ridillee about the future? Life and
death are one. Live well and you will die
well.

CoDfluiuS

vas a tlioroiigli-goiug ag-

C. iiu <tid t

ot deny the existence of

and *>pirits,

nor the posaibility of a

e lifo. He B

inply regarded such sub-

as bej'i'Dd h

uman knowledge, and re-

jects

tuscd to diecusa Ihein. He was sure of his
five BeoaeB, and declined to move a step
further. Aa an agnostic the Confuclaniat
18 tolerant of other crt'cds. Ho goes even
further, and will admit that for the ignorant
iiiiillitiide, and edpeoially for M-oinen, aa
apparatus of gnds and detnons is necessary.
He does not carp, therefore, to proclaim
his Rceptu-ism, still lees to actively propa-
gate it. His creed is only for the wise : the
masses are better as they are. He will
eubioribf! to the teinjdea and take part in
idolatrous ceremonies. To the common
people, Confucian agnosticism has never
been very satislactory. But the agnostic
pliilosophy has not been without its influ-
ence on the masses. There is but little
religious fervor, and scarcely any deep faith.
The people will ridicule their own gods,
laugh at their own worship, and freely
criticize all the creeds. Speak to any
Chinese — no matter what his rank — about
the future life, and his reply is almost cer-
taiu to bo: "Who knows anything about
itt" and is likely enough to add, "Ealing
and .'.Irinking are realities," implying that
all else is doubtful. Refer to the subject of
future rewards and punishments, and li
sarcaslio remark will probably be, "I have
seen the living sufler, but never seen the
deail iu citngues." The present is certain ;
the future is all unknown. He therefore
keeps a sharp eye to tho present chance. It
must be now or never; there may be no to-
tnorrow. Intense worldliness and general
animalism are the natural results The con-
elusion of the whole matter shows how far
superior morally the original and orthodox
sysiems of Buddism and Taoism are to the
agnostic attitude.

Not Responsible.

It should be distinctly understood that
the editors of the Journal are not to be
held as indorsing anything outside of its
editorial columns; all couimunications not
obj( tliouttble in their charatiter, nor devtiid
of interest or merit, are received and pub-
lished; if any person differs^ the columns
ore equally open to hiin to say eo and tell

Whenever a new and startling fac*. ia
brought to light in science, people grst say,
"It ia not true"; then that '• ii is contrary
to religion": and, lastly, "that everybody
knew it before."

Henry WiUiam Ellsworth. |

The subject nf this sketch, author of the
" Ellsworth System of Penmanship and
Book-keeping," was born in 18^6 on one ]
of the highest hills of Chautauqua County,
State of Sew York, overiooking the United I
States and Canada, and in full view of the
white caps of Lake Erie, which gave pri-
mary writing lessons to the ancient P. R.
The early lifo of Henry William Kllsworth
was spent on a farm and in attendance at
the district school until the age of sixteen,
when he went to the Frcdonia Academy to
''complete'' his cducition. While in attend-
ance there, one Corydon L. Gray (now
bt-ad book-keeper for Messrs. A. A. Low
& Son, of New York ) organized classes in
penmanship, and young Ellsworth began a
course of lessons under him, but Mr. Gray
having left liefore Ellsworth had obtained
more than an inkling of the art, the acad-
emy was without a writing teacher. Soon
after, a traveling professor of the period
came into town and advertised to teach to
perfection "in twelve easy lessons of one
hour each," but his writing was so inferior
to the standard set up by Mr. Gray that it
ouly excited ridicule among the students.
At this juncture, young Kllsworth feeling
that, if the performance of the "professor"

student, whither he uext went as tt^arher.
From Buffiilo Ellsworth was sent to tlie
Detroit College, and assisted J. H. Gold-
smith till 1860, when he was " moved on "
by Stratton to New York city to fill a jio-
sition in the public schools, and assist
Lusk :md Packard { then preparing tho B.
and S. book-keeping series) at the N. Y.
College, located in Cooper Institute. Dur-
ing all this period Ellsworth was uncon-
(ciously acquiring the knowledge and
experience which, in 18(il, convinced him
that there was still great room for improve-
ment in both niJSlNESS penmanship as
adapted to the masses, and the method to
be pursued in teaching it in the public
scluiols wherein the masses are to be edu-
cated; and he at once entered upon his
life work of foimding a system of jiusiNEss

PENMAKSIIIP and PRACTICAL METHOD of
teaching it by teachers of every grade.

in ISfil his first series of copy-books
was iml)lished, mainly for his own classes,
which then numbered some 3,000 pupils
per week iu the public schools alone. The
chief improvement;^ in this series were a
reduction in the number of books from
twelve to six, and the higlit of loops anil
capitals to a scale of thirds instead of
/our(ft«, and also the introduction of

period tlif

Kllsworth B.-ok-kerpiui: an
IS pr^parc.l and yuV

entitled him to that cognomen, he might
himself assume to teach plain writing, and
timidly ventured to make the suggestion to
the principal of the academy, then Daniel
J. Pratt, A. M. (now the eHicient secretary
of the Board of Regents at Albany ), The
aspiration was promptly encouraged, and
young Ellsworth was at once installed as
teacher of penmanship in the academy,
although the "professor" still held forth
witli all his attractions at both day and
evening performances.

Once in the breach, it was "sink or
swim" with Ellsworth, and his determina-
tion to swim, aided by the stimulating con-
tidence of the worthy principal, soon
developed the ambition to excel in the art,
and, like the ancient cobbler,

He continued his studies, and taught pen-
manship and book-keeping in the academy
till 1857, when ho gra<luated and entered
the offices of the Erie Kailway at Dunkirk.
But his ambition as a teacher soon caused
him to accept a position in the Lockport
Union School, in 1858, whero he trod in
the footsteps of tho illustrious Packard,
who was then foiling tho Bryant and
Slmtton chain of colleges. At Lockport
one of bis most cnthusiiistic pupils was
young W. H. Sadler { now President of the
Baltimore Business College) whom he en-
eouniged to enter tlie Buffalo College as a

abirevialed capitals, not heretofore recog-
nized in copy-books. Perceiving the ne-
cessity of some standard compilation of the
commonly received rules and principles of
pcninnnsliii) in text-book form, for the
guidiince of teachers, he, in 1862, published
his "Text-book on Penmanship and Let-
ter-writing" — the first modern work of the
kind, and forerunner of the various hand-
books by other authors,- who saw at once
the advantage of such a work in extending
their systems. Iu this text book were first
introduced black cuts with white Ictieis, to
illustrate blackboard writing. This was
followed bj a series of (2) charts on the
same principle, in 18G3, and suggestei) a
new departure in the chart business, which
was at once followed by the "leading " (? )

From IS'iC to 1872 Ellsworth published
The Wnting Teacher, the pioneer jjaper
devoted to penmanship. This, too, was
apprceiated, and found imitating competi-
tors iu the shape of •' Bulletins," '* Teachers
of Penmanship," etc., and paved the way
for the great and permanent success of the
Penman's Art .Journal.

From ]8(i;i to 1871 Ellsworth managed
way, New York, as an auxiliary to his
teaching, publishing, and authorship work,
associating with him Prof. D. T. Ames,
during the last year or two prior to its
transfer to other parties. During this

lisb.d by him in 180!*, and his "Steps of
Book-keeping" in 1876— seven years later
— with the hope of bringing this inipnrlant
subject into more intelligent shape for the
average pupil and teacher in tho publii;
school, where its study is so universally
neghclpd. But the publication of his Tra-
cing Books, in' ]8()7, opened the wav for
a competing series by every author, upon
the subject, and solves the problem of ele-
mentary effort in penmanship by using the
hand to convey the writing idea to the
head, as well as vice t-er*o. In 1871 the
copy-books of 1861 were revised, to incor-
porate his newly- discovered scale of slant
and proportion based on the Triangle 3:
4 : 5, which at once placed the Ellsworth
System upon a scientific footing by regulat-
ing absolutely the width ot letters and
spaces, and securing perfect uniformity iu
all these respects, not only in the- copies,
but the ruling of the page in both dircc-
titms to regulate the writing. In his
crowning work, the " Iteversible Series of
Writing-books," 1877 {patented 1879),
another and -new departure was made, in
which not only an entirely new set of
copies of faultless style and grading, but ii
Nfciw FOBM Oii" BOOK was introduced,
constructed to overcome the well-known
objections to the old copy-bocd* wherein
the sheets are underfolded at the back,
producing a curved and springy surface,
which will not lie flat, and the leaves of
which cannot be removed without destroy-
ing the book. Moreover, twice the surface
is exposed, and twice the desk-room is re-
quiied that is actually needed. The
Reversible Writing-book overcomes all
these obstacles and more, and opens the
way to greater freedom in practice, and,
by means of blank practice sheets inter-
leaved, overcomes the arbitrariness of the
old book by supplying the means of over-
coming the Inequality of practice essential
to perfect the work of the copies, thus af-
fording the combined advantages of loose
l)aper and a book. -

This brief sketch shows how Ellsworth
has improved his time for the past twenty
years or more, and, wliatever posterity may
say about it, he will doubtless be credited
with an honest and independent eff'ort to
vuilce his mark iu the writing profession.

Use The Pen.

Back Numbers of the "Journal."
Every mail brings inquiries respeotian
back numbers. The following we can eemi,
and no others: All numbers of 1878; »!'
for 1879, except May and November ; {<>t
1880, copies for months of January, Feb-
ruary, April, May, June, August at"'
December only remain; all numbers for
188J, and all for 1882, except June. H
will be noted that while Spencer's wriiiue
lessons began with May, the second lewon
was in the July number, so that the series
of lessons is unbroken by the absence of
the June number. Only a tew copies of
several of the numbers mentioned above
remain, eo that persons desiring all or any
part of them should order quickly- AH ih'^
51 numbers, back of 1883, will be niaiJ<-J
for \$4.0(1, or any of the numbers at 10 ceu's

m^^m^^^^. ^2^ e :;io»7<Avr^^-,

Educational Notes.

[Cotnmunications fur Ibis D«panm«>D( may
New York. Bri.-f educatiaoal iteme solicited.]

The Yale Alumni Associatioo of New
York )iM a inrmberehip of over 400.

Jay GoHid ban contril.ated \$5,000 to the
Rutgers Collegn cDdowtnent fund. — Ex.

The bell used at Wellpsley College,
Ma«8., 18 from an aoeient Buddhist temple
in Japan. — Ex.

9100,000 for the emtowineot of a chair in
Natural Science. — Argonaut.

CdUego thpHtric-alB are not allowed at
English uiiivorsities, heing forbidden by
the Faculty. — Notre Dame Scholastic-

The Faculty of Amherst Collpge, Mass.,
has forbidden its students to take part here-
after in intercollegiate athletic contests.

The total gifts and bequests of the late
John G. Green to Princeton College foot
up nearly a million and a half. — School
Journal.

Princeton has reeeived upward of \$2,-
500,000 since Dr. McCoeh took charge.
Dr. Muegrave recently gave \$80,000.—
Concord ien sis.

There arc in the Uoiled States over 3,-
200,000 colored persons, over 2,200,000
native white, and over 7,000,000 foreign
born whites who cannot write.

In Portugal, according to official statis-
tics, 825 out of every 1 ,000 can neither read
nor write. In Switzerland but one in a
thousand lack these acquirements.

Four thousand dollars has been collected
for the (ixtenaion of the workshops of the
Indian Training School at Carlisle, Penn.
The school is doing better work in civiliz-
ing the ludiaUB than the army on the fron-
tier. — The Age.

The following is the list of the oldest
colleges in this country: Harvard, founded
in \m9] Vale in 1701 ; the College of New
Jersey ( Priucetnu ), I7-I(i ; University of
Pennsylvania, 1740; Brown, 174(;; and
Dartmouth, 17()i>; Rutgers, 1770.— 2ar-

Alpheus S. Packard, of Bowdoin College,
was a classmate and roommate of George
Bancroft while a student here. Three
great hiatorians of America, studied at this
school, boarded tu the same house, and paid
their board out of the same charitable fund.

The Michigan Legislature, by an almost
unanimous voti-, has passed a bill requiring,
among its other provisions, iustruction with
special reference to the effects of alcoholic
drinks, stimulants, and narcotics generally
upon the human system. After September
Ist, 1881. no certificate will be granted to
any teacher who does not pass a satisfac-
tory examination in reference to these sub-

A St. Louis judge has decided that a
teacher stands in loco parentis, and has
therefore the right to flog an unruly
scholar. As to when he should whip and
when he should not, the teacher is the
judge. "Whipping," the court says,
" hurts bad boys only a short while. The
sentence against it is productive of positive
injury. Pour years' experience in adminis-
tering criminal law convinces me that the
boys who become criminals are boys who
don't get whipped."— il/i«M. Jour, of Ed.

A teacher iu London, on being asked
what moral education or training he gave
to his scholars— what he did, for instance,
when he detected a child in a lie — an-
swered as follows: "I consider all moral
education to be a humbug. Nature teaches
children to lie. If one of my boys lies, I
set him tow-rite soim- such copy as this:
* Lying is a base and infamous offence.'
I make him write a quire of paper over
with this copy, and he knows very well
that if he does not bring it to me in good

1 he will get a (logging." — Popula:

Educational Fancibs.

[ lo every inetaDCe where ihe eourc« of any
ileal used in this department is known, the
proper credit is given. A like courtesy from
otlit<rs will be appreciated.]

It does rather stir up the bile of a col-
lege president to speak of him as ninniog a
dude factory.- -.Fereman's Herald.

A Kentucky schoolmaster got a verdict
of seventeen dollars the other day in a suit
brought against the trustees for damages
from a cold caught running after them to
get his pay.

LBgical Sequence — A comfortable re-
Uection for the indisposed. A lazy boy is bet-
ter than nothing. Nothing is better than a
studious boy. Therefore a lazy boy is bat-
ter than a studious boy.

A lady complains that she is not getting
educational value for her money. To
show that she was mistaken her husband
asked their little boy on his last return
from school six questions. To five he re-
plied correctly. The answer was, " I don't
know."

"You write a beautiful hand. I wish
that I had such a hand," said Mr. Flasher
to a lady clerk at the hotel. *' Am I to
consider this as a proposal ? " asked the
bright, lady. " Well~er — yea — if my
wife is wilting to let me <iff," replied the
accomplished Flasher. — Detroit Post.

" What Will the Harvest Be f '' was the
subject of an essay at the Commencement
exercises of a Boston female seminary, last
week. As there were nine in the graduat-
ing class it is probable that the haryest will
be four divorce suits, one elopement, and
four woman's suBrage advocates. — Fire-
man's Herald.

Here is an authentic instance of true and
faithful love : A Plttstield, Mass., school-
girl, in order to convince a jealous boy that
she liked him better than some other
urchin, exclaimed : " Of course I like you
better than I do Bill, for don't I miss words
in my spelling lesson on purpose so as to
be down at the foot of the class where you
are!"

Enthusiastic Professor of Phijsics, dis-
cussing the organic and inorganic kingdoms :
" Now, if I should shut my eyes — so — and
drop my head — so — and should not move,
you would say I was a clod ! But I move,
I leap, I run ; then what do you call
met" Voice from the rear: "A clod-
hopper." Class is dismissed.— Vassar
Miscellany.

Teacher : " What is a kiogd()m f "
Pupil : " A country governed by a King.''
T.: "What is an Empire?"
P. : " A country governed by an Em-

2.: " Very good. Now, coming to our
country, what is a Republic t"

P. (confidently); "A country governed
by a republican ! "

Said a teacher to one of his highest pu- I
peaches to divide between yourself and
your little brother, and there were forty
your share, what would be left?" "My
little brother would be left, for I'd take all
the peaches. That's the kind of a Con-
gressman I'm going to be when I grow
up."— Kx.

AsTROKOMiCAL.— " Agathe," said he,
pointing with the half- evaporated end of
his taffy stick toward the bes]>angled Occi-
dent, "what star is that blazing out over
yonder t" "That, Miletus,'' said she,
scratching her nigh ear on the capstone of
his shoulder-pad, "that is Mercury, my
cherished one." "You don't sayt" was
his answer. "You don't say!" Well, I said
when it got up to ninety-three this after-
noon that I believed it would ekii» out the
top of the flue, and, sure enough, it has."

M. Lefebure de Fourcy
student in physics once upon a time, and
the young man, being nervous, failed utterly
on the first question put to him — a very
simple one. " Bring this gentleman a
bundle ('f hay for his breakfast," remarked
the disgusted examiner lo one of the attend-
ants. "Bring two — the professor and I
will breakfast together ! " added the sin-
dent, who thus suddenly regained and
asserted his self-posession.

A teacher in a suburban school was giv-
ing )ier class an object-lesson a few days
ago, and drew a cat upon the blackboard
for its inspection. She then asked what
there was on the cat, and the unanimous
she queried. There was a long pause of
consideration, but finally the hand of a
bright-eyed little live-year-old shot up, and
almost simultaneously came her triumphant
answer: " Fleas!'' — Boston Post.

employed in teaching the "young idea how
to shoot," you should not make (aces in that
manner, for it will make you awfully ugly
looking when you grow up."

Gertie looked one moment at the
"schoolmarm," who had never, even in her
"sweet sixteen" days, been accused of be-
ing pretty, and hoped to trace effect back
to cause by askiug her: "What did you
use to make faces for when you were little t"

"When My Ship Comes In."
By Mart E. Martin.

" Who can tell what passenger our ship
is bringing to us as she is sailing across
the sea!" These were the words that
tloated out to Fred Devol, from a room ad-
joining the one in which he had been
doing some carpenter's work. Whether it
was because hi.' had been so busy that he
had only heard these words, he could not
tell; but just as he laid down bis hammer
the words lloaled to him. The person
that it almost appeared tc Fred as if it had
been spoken in answer to his thoughts.
In after years Fred found out that Dick-
ens, who knew so well the feelings of the
poorer classest wrote those words; hut if
Dickens wrote them, as Fred remembered
having heard them that day, he never
could tell. Stick in his memory they
would, just as he had first heard them.
Life had seemed harder to hear tlian ever
that day, aud the thought had just oome
into his mind, will tmj ship ever come in f
when through the open door there floated
out to him, in a soft sweet voice, "Who
tell what passenger our ship is bringing

she is sailing

the

He picked up hi
went back to the shop with a lighter heart ;
for it seemed almost a promise that a bet-
ter day would sometime come to him.

"Old Savage has just beeq iiling his
saw," called out some of the men to Fred
as he opened the door of the shop. "Oh,
you needn't look as if you were frightened
to death, but you'll catch it ! you staid the
thirtieth part of a second over your time ;"
and Old Savige filed away. Fred was an
apprentice to Savage, and he knew well \vli;it

Old

the I

called him, had a falsetto voice, aud when be
got into one of his frequent rages the men
said he could pipe his voice shriller than a
tile drawn across an old saw. It was the
delight of some of the men, when their
mates were the victims, to stand behind
Savage's back, and, with a nail, go through
the pantomiue. Wi'.h every elevation of
Savage's voice this man would dumbly
run a nail higher and higher up the saw —
much to the amusement of every one iu the
shop. Upon poor Fred's head fell these

:oldic

tha

upon any

els.

They had long been the terror of his life.
Fred was a Creole, but what were the ex-
act circumstances that had drifted him into
Savage's hands Fred himself did not quite
know. Evidently he was of good parent-

age, as his finely -funned features and
pure accent clearly showed. When Old
Savage was closely pressed for an answer,
he would Say that he got him from one of
the yellow fever nurses. Tbis nur^e had
been sent down to New Orieaus during an
epidemic, and had brouphi the boy back.
boy's friends die, one by ouq; and he
couldn't have the heart to leave him there
alone. The nurse had afterwards died, and
I poor Fred had fallen into Old Savage's
clutches. Fred remembered uothiug of
any other life than this one he was leading
with Savage. As he stood now, looking
so frightened at the words of the workman,
you could see that he was not very tall for
his eighteen years. He was remarkably
slender and girlish in his figure. His
hands were of exquisite iiudd — the fingers
tapering; his hair black ; complexion dark,
but clear; his eyes large and brown, and
usually gave you a pleading glance. Now
they carried in them a hunted, startled look,
for almost before the workman hail finished
speaking Savage came in. He began on
Fred in such shrill torrents of abuse that
one of the workmen blew the words to
another from behind his hand: "It's an
8ra." Fml, after the first shock to his sen-
sitive nerves, bore it better, and quietly
went on to his work ; for back to him came
the promise that some day his ship would
come in. As it would take the men from
the shop, and Fred, being handy with his
tools, was often sent, as he had been to-
day, to do some little job : at one time it
would be a door that needed a weather
strip; at another, a shelf to put up. In
this way Fred saw that there was a differ-
ent way of living from that in Savage's
house— that there were diflerent people in
the world from the rough, but kind-hearted,
men in the shop.

at him up-town to
? shelves in a store.
sr of the store, as
rney. Mr. Bernard
but few thought to
! he kept was called
a second-hand book-store; bnt it was a,
perfect museum of odd things in that line.
Everything could be found there, from a
well-thumbed school geography to the rare
old volumes, so dear to a hook- lover's heart,
but impossible to be found in any other
place hut Barney's store. While Fred was
at work, he couldn't keep his eyes from oc-
casionally wandering from one shelf of
books to another. Never had he been in a
more inviting place. The store had noth-
ing of the dingy, dusty air, that its name
would suggest. It WHS a large, light, airy
room; with a home look about it that was
not lessened by the cozy sitting-room be-
yond that Mr. Bernard had partitioned off
for Madame Bernard It was as quaint
and !is pretty as the madarae herself.
Here she sat, or, as some customer would
come in, she would briskly step out and
help in the sale, or the hunt for some de-
sired hook. As Fred went on with his
work, Barney approached him and said:
" I want to get a yoimg man in my store
so that madame does not have to jump up so
many times. Do you like your work so
well that you cannot come and live with
ust" Barney knew as well as others the
kind of a life Fred had to live.

" Like it, B.irney f I would change it for
almost anything if I could; you would not
take ire, would you, Barneyf"

"Yes,'' said Mr. Bernard, in his broken
English { Fred never found ont what his
nationality wns ), come right away, I will
pay you a small salary each week, and you
can live with me aud madame."

Fred was delighted; he felt several
inches taller when he went back and told
Savage he was going to leave. Savage
raved, but it did no good. Fred took his
place in the store, and soon won the love
of the two old people. It was only a few
weeks after entering upon his new duties
that Fred, while piling some books on a
shelf, stopped short iu his work. He had

do some work on g
Fred knew the o
many others did, as
was his correct uat
call him so. The e

come acroM ooe that deeply inUreeted him
— CO deeplj that he Btood uiotinQleea, one
foot resting on the coooter, the other upon
a lower shelf. Deeper aod deeper did the
iDterent grow, uotU he jumped dr>wD and
■eated himKlf on a etool. His work was
all forgotten ; and it was well for him that
he waa not itill at work for Savage. As
an hoar passed be could hardly then tear
himself away. This was a hook on writ-
ing — a guide to hosioeaH-wriliDg aod orua-
mental peDroaoship. Nolhiag oew to
many, hut the first that Fred had ever
seen, or eveu heard ahout. Finally, Fred
put the book away in a secure plar^ and
finished his work. When Mr. Bernard
came io, Fred aoked him to sell him the
hook. "You may have it for nothing, my
boy," said Mr. Bernard. "I bought it
with a h>t of hooka." From that day Fred
detencioed to make of himself just as fine
a penman as the aotfaor of that hook.
During all the time he whs knocking shout
be had pick>d up a very good fdunda'ion
forau education, but he wrote in a cramped,
angular hand. Now he went to work in
earnest. Day after day he copied during
every moment that he had to spare. For
the first time in his life he had an object to
gain, and an end to achieve. Before, he
had always worked at the biddiog of others.
He did not make the progress that be
wished to make in wriliug, yet he deter-
mined not to give up. One day, when Mr.
Bernard was out, madaine very busy within,
and the store entirely free from customers,
Fred went to work on his writing. He
worked wilh a will entirely forgetful of the
store and all his surroundings. He did not
notice a tall and very scholarly looking
gentleman when he came in. He stood
quite close to Fred ; stood and watched
him for a long time. Finally, the feeling
that some one was near him caused Fred
to look up. " You will never accomplish
it in that way," said the gentleman, quietly
and with a smile, as Fred's eyes met his.

" What made you try to write all that in
Buch a short timet It won't do; but the
improvement you made from the first is as-
tonishing."

Fred did not realize for the moment that
he had never seen this man before, but
listened attentively. The gentleman went
on to Bay:

"Don't let your eagerness to improve in
writing make you lose all of your judg-
ment in striving."

"But I did not know, eir," said Fred,
" that I was trying so bard until you

That is just what I mean. You aban-
don yourself to your desire to learn to
write, and, consequently, do not make the
progress that you would if you were cool-
headed. You have, id all probability, said
to yourself: *I will never cea?e striving
until I can write copies iu this book.' It
will be just as like as not that you are aim-
ing at something that is impossible. The
result will be that you will show, in every
letter you form, that over-heated blood is
gallopinE through your veins. Curb this
hot spirit; aim not quite so high at first;
have full command of yourself; then with
a thorough knowledge of the rules for wri-
in the desired way."

"Why, sir," said Fred, "I thought it
was right to strive and work in learning to

" It is, if you do it aa I have told you.
Now follow out my directions, and see if
you do not accomplish it."

Just theu Mr. Bernard came in; the
gentleman secured the hook he was seek-
ing. As the gentleman passed out of
Bight, Mr. Bernard said: "That is the
great scholar, Mr. Poulson : he ia a pub-
lisher (.f a great iiiafiraEiop."

Fred pnuMiced ins writing after that,
under the iustrucliots Mr. Puulson had
given him. He was astonished to see the
progreps be made. A Utile was accom-
plished each day, until he loved the art to
8Uch a degree that he loat all consciousnees

of aelf in his practice. Before he realized
it he had reached such perfection in writing
that if he had not quite come up to the
author, at which he aimed, he had very
nearly reached that point. One morning
the knowledge of what he had attained
came to him all at on.e. His impulsive
nature gave the shout, long and loud : "My
ship's come in ! " Madauie rushed from I
the inner room, wringing her handn, and |
exclaiming: " ilfon Dieu ! What you cry
ont BO for f No ship could come into this '

Fred laughed at ber and at his own ira- i
pulsive nature. Yet well he knew that for
the first time in his poor life his ship had 1
material that would give him every success \
in life. Mr. Bernard was a ripe scholar, i
and Fred could not have fallen into better
hands. Now that he (•aw what wonderful I

and to the sides rose up like great n
The front open and close down
river, from where the cool sea-breeze was
wafted and stirred the trees to low music
above ynur head. To lie there beneath
those trees, with opeu air, upen sky and
open sea, — with the harebills, the dainty
ferns, and many bright flowers springing
up from the green moss at your feet, this of
itself was enough to make one happy, and
to he grateful for existence. It was here
that Fred Devol used to come, away from
the smoke and the dust of the city, and He
down beneath the trees. It was here he
dreamed his first dream of greatness.
Here he first knew that the poetic genius
was within him. Fred Devol kept the
secret of his first poem a long time — fearing
he had overestimated hi^ own (>ower. One
day Mr. Bernard found his poems, and was
impatient until one was in Mr. PouIsoq'

t vai photc-evgravtd from an original ptn-Aravnng tjeevtedhy Mr. GriJJitU,
i ttudent of Mutsttman's Gem City Butinen College, Quincj/, UL

that he wished to improve in every way, ho
helped him. No one knew more people
who could help Fred's writing, hringiug ,
him iu a pecuniary I enefit, aud soon he
had no need to accept the salary that was j
due him in the store.

One of Fred's greatest pleasures, when ,
he first went to Mr. Bernard, was that he
could go into the open air when he wished,
without the fear of a scolding. As the
years went on, it still contiuued his great
pleasure. Many a day he would start for a
walk to Happy Htdlow. The way to it
was across a covered bridge, then a turn to |
the side led you into a road that lay side by I
side and wound its way with the river you :
its way by river and hill-eide until it
brought you tfj Happy Hollow. It was
well named Happy. It was a hollow made
by several hills standing together fronting
the river. 1 don't think you could find a
more lovely spot than Happy Hollow, on a
bright May day. The hills to the back

hands, so great was his appreciation of

The poem was submitted to Mr. Poulson
for puhlicaliou, written in Fred Devol's
hand that was far more beautiful than the
one that made Poe's first poem acceptable.
It was accepted and published in Mr. Poul-
son's magazine, where Fred Devol placed
many tnore.

Fred Devol succeeded so well in all that
he undertook that, when thirty- five years
of age, Mr. Poulson offered him the editor-
ship of his magazine. Fred. Devol was
not only willing to take it but abundantly
able to manage the magazine-
It was only a few mornings after he ha»l
begun his duties as editor that Mr. Poulson,
holding a letter out to him, said : "That is
a beautiful hand-writing; I never see a
lady's letter written as beautifully as that
but I think of an item I saw in a penman's
paper." The editor commended a lady
writing- teacher in these words : "She
writes with great uniformity for a woman."
Now Fred, my dear boy, that was a

slander oo the fair sex. You may take any

large city and go through its schools, and
where will you find one boy who writes
well you will find five girls who write bet-
ter. It is so in families. It is only when
men are compelled to use writin^L,' iu hu&iness,
or make writing a sppciality, that it is difi'er-
ent. Fred Devol did not attempt to enter
into H discussion on this topic. What in-
terested him more was that he had to replv
to this letter. It was an opportunity he
had eagerly longed for. This letter was
from Mary Doane, a contributor to the
magazine, and Fred Devol had long been
interested in her. Although a universal
passing fancy for any one. Tiiis one wo-
man, speaking through her contributions,
had stirred Fred Devol's whole nature as
no other woman had been able to do. He
was glad now to come this much nearer to
iier, although he Tuight never see her face
to face. Fred answered this letter, and a
constant exchange of business letters drew
them nearer. Fred thought in her every
article she poured out her heart to him and
no one else. He knew that in everything
that he wrote he had long since ceased to
speak to any one but her.

After he had bfcn on the magazine
up his mind to ask Mary Doane to marry
him, and, if she consented, to go over the
long distance and marry at once. Pru-
dence whispered to him: "It might he a
case of Marjorie Daw" ; Pride whispered :
" You are the man who never picked up a
paper in which there was a case of two per-
sons marrying on first sight but you threw
the paper down and said: " Can there he
two such idiots iu the world f " Fred De-
vol listened to neither; the strong heart-
yearning that he felt for Mary Doane, and
he believed she felt for him, conquered.

When Mary Doane received his letter
she was seated in her own pretty cottage
that was nestled in among the trees.
After reading it she neither felt shocked,
indignant, nor surprised. She had all along
felt this heart-yearning for Fred Devol,
but did not dream that he felt it. His pic-
ture she had seen in the magazine, and his
her own heart. Why should she not marry
himf This was the way she reasoned:
Why should a person be compelled to see
each other face to face when they had so
long read each the secret thought of the
other? Why should she not trust himT

She wrote him that she would marry
him, and over the long distance he went.
He reached the pretty cottage among the
trees and entered. It was no case "f
"Marjorie Daw," for, lo I his ship is sail-
ing in, and froiu her deck has stepped the
passenger she is bringing : it ia sweet aud
lovely Mary Doane- A woman not tall.
yet of grand and noble mien. BeantifLil
she is with her fair English face and her
blue eyes that look so steadily into yours.
She is near Fred Devol's own age. TIk^'
beauty of her face, you can see, comes not
from features alone, but from the soul
■within. Does this heart-yearning for earli
other cease when they meet in tlie iiesti.
face to face? No! they know lliat they
were made for each other as surely if
while Adam slept his ship sailed to tn'"
from over the sea, and left to him Kv--.
the one fair passenger.

The *' Hand-book" as a Premiun

We have .
until further i
paper) free to
a subscription

, the "Hand-hook"

pory person remitting »> '"
ar renewal to the Joub-nai
for \$1.25, the book baL.I
eomely bound in cloth. Price of the ho"!-
hy mail, in cloth, \$1 ; iu paper, 75 ci?tii-
Liber&l discount to teachers and agents.

Itinerant Professors.
Aktki.k II.

Bt Chandlek H. I'FiRcE. K«okuk. Iowa.
Yw, we all plead gnilty to having been
once a traveliog teacher of peoinansbip,
and we are proud of it. This is the first step-
piog-Btoiie, and he who would climb must
not ignore the assisunce gaioed in this
field uf usefulness. We have no regrets;
hut, uu the contrary, are proad of having
done much good and gained a class of know-
ledge that is invaluable for the superstnic
lure of a successful career. We look back
with pleasure over a conquered field, and
believe that the inomentuin gained is our
constant support in these days when others
are hailing between two opinions. The
itinerant professor is a necessity, and is sure
to thrive if be possess ability and the re-
quisites of manhood, with force and energy
enough to create an electric current.

We must not demand too much at first,
liowever, as we have admitted that the be-
ginning is here, and we caoDot, consist-
ently, be too critical.

Young man, launch your tiny bark upon
the sea of strife and world of waters, trust-
ing to fortune and a strong arm for a safe
arrival iu the golden harbor. Be just, be
true to your own iutorestii, and you will
never want for encouragemeat.
Kesiembkr:

Nothing great is lightly wod,

Nothing won is lost,

Every good deed nobly done,

Will repay the cost.

Place in Heaven your utmost trust

j^JJjjou will to do.

And if you succeed

Why do you hesitate t

I don't know just what to do.

But you must know if you ever hope to
succeed.

I have no confidence in my ability.

Are you positive you know your busi-

How can I know it without having taught,
and how can I teaoh until I know howT

What a predicament.

What ability have you t Do you know
anytliing more than how to write and draw
a few birds and beasts of prey ?

What do you mean by ** How to write t"

I mean, can you execute smooth, even
writing, with that degree of skill that will
demand recognition by tbt.se with whom
you come in contact.

Yes, I am not wanting in that.

Can you introduce a little speed in your
copy-hand, and produce what is always of
the greatest interest to a busineae com-

Xo, I scarcely think I can. I didn't think
that was essential.

In your profession everything is esgenttal
that will kelp you to help others to Jielp
themselves. If by your power you CJin
lead others to acquire what you possess,
of necessity, command liberal returns. To
say the least, you should make this an ob-
ject and improve yourself as soon as pos-
sible. It surely will benefit you in many

I have made a good start in drawing and
can show fair results.

What is the object of drawing?

It serves an excellent purpose to show
executive ability. The drill gained in reach-
ing any degree of proficiency iu drawing
gives superior increased power in the field
of writing. It lends a certain enchantment
to writing, and assists one to accomplish
the result with greater ease. The orna-
mental bears the same relation to the prac-
tical that algebra does to arithmetic.

Do you deem ornamental penmanship a
necessitf/f Diamond cuts diamond. Yan-
other. There are many things deemed a
necesstty that were once considered a luxury.
If we consider how little will servo our pur-
pose, we surely must conclude that both
ornamental penmanship and algebra muet
fall to the ground.

A knowledge ol algebra will benefit any-
one, not so much in dollars and cents, but
in the satisfaction of knowing something
beyond ordinary. Ornamental Penmanship
is well enough in its way, and like algebra,
serves a purpose that must not, and cannot,
be ignored. An ignorant cry of a majority
against it does not prove anything. If
algebra assists one materially to understand
arithmetic, and ornamental assists in the
practical, I sorely am safe in concluding
that each should be taken in its time in
order to get a more than ordinary develop-
ment. A thorough understanding in the
lower must be gained through the higher.

Is this conclusion satisfactory ?

So far I am safe. I can write fairly well.
I think I understand the development of a
business handwriting, and I will try and
profit by what you say as to drawing, that
through it I may reach what others have
done in writing.

But if you expect to be a teacher you have
only half begun.

Yes, I told you I didn't know what to do,
and that I have no confidence in my ability.

What ability did you refer tof I have
but the one.

But you must know that if you would
teach well, you must possess teaching-
power or teaching-ability, in addition to
executive ability. Confidence comes from
the possession of both, and you cannot

is not what he should be, then he should
seek to solve this one " Problem of the
Times."

A Train for Dudes.

There is talk of putting on a regular
English train betweeu Boston and New
York. Everything in the way of luxury,
confort, speed and safety has already been
perfected. There are no such cars and
engines in the world as the Consolidated
road runs, yet, wishing always to supply
an unsatisfied public, the experiment of
running a train of English coaches has
been agitated. English engines, with no
cabs and one pair of 11 -foot drivers, will
be imported ; also, first-class compartment
coaches, seating eight persons in each part,
or twenty-four persons iu each car. The
high rate of speed accomplished in Eng-
land is attained by running small trains, so
here but four of these cars will be used on
each train. One train will leave New
York and one Boston simultaneously each
day, and make the run in about five hours.
The train may possibly carry the mail,
paying five dollars a minute to the Govern-
ment for each and every minute's delay —
just as they do in England. The "guard"
will pass along on the outside of the train
and collect the tickets through the win-
dows. There will be no Tentilation, and

'c^C^O

n'e present tltt above alphabet of plain capitals for lohalearm or combined movement practic
photo-engraved from pen-and-ink copy executed at the office of tlie "Journal."

without a knowledge of both.

If this be true, I am only half a man and
must look to my laurels. If the demands
of any business are known, I must meet
those demands if I meet Huccess. If I shut
my eyes against truth, or in ignorance grope
in the dark, it will avail me nothing to cry
aloud when lost.

You must prepare for the contest. To
say that I will try is not enough. You
must demand that preparation of yourself
that belongs to this day and generation.
When you were a child, childish things
were becoming to you; but now that you
ptipteud to act for yourself, it becomes you
to act the man and prove your act by all
knowledge essential to a full and complete
exposition of your claims. But how am I
to gain a knowledge of teaching t How
do medical students get practice in their
profession f Are they not required to pur-
sue a certain course of study, lectures, etc.,
etc., prior to going out to practice? Can-
not you do the same ? Have you done this f
I thought any one who could wri»e and
draw a little could teaoh. Young man, yon
were never more mistaken in your life.
If the itinerant professors from early times
down to the present have not been received
with open arm.<i it is easily accounted for
by reflex action. Other callings are suf-
fering from indiscretions, but this does not
remedy this case. If the itinerant professor

not much confort to speak of, but then "it
will be English." There will he no water,
no toilet-room, and the passengers will he
locked in and unlocked only at their desti-
nation—all so English ! The fare will be
about \$20 or " four pun, me lud," and the
portmanteaus wili be "pasted" and not
checked. The full fares aud postal service
will net something over \$2,000 each trip.
There are so many that go everything En-
glish that it is expected that coaching-
clubs, English pug-dog owners, polo play-
ers, fox-hunters, and dudes will patronize
and roll up the receipts of the new train.
It will not be necessary to use any of the
new \$5,000,000 loan, as it is a known fact
that anything brought over here that is
English always pays and pays well. One
of the trains should be called the " Flying
Wilde," and the other " Lightning Lang-

When to Subscribe.

For several reasons it is desirable, that,
so far as is practicable, subscriptions should
begin with the year, yet it is entirely op-
tional with the subscriber as to when his
subscription shall commence. Those who
may be specially interested in the very prac-
tical and valuable course of lessons com-
menced by Prof. H. C. Spencer may have
their subsoriptiona begin with the May
number, in which is the first lesson of the
course.

A Hard Witness.

" Do you know the prisoner well?" asked
the attorney.

" Never know him sick," replied the
witness.

"No levity,'' said the lawyer, sternly.
" Now, sir, did yon ever see the prisoner at
the barf*'

" Took many a drink with him at the

" Answer my question, sir," yelled the
lawyer. "ILnvloug have you known the
prisoner?"

"From two feet up to five feet ten
inches."

" Will the court make the '

"I have, Jedge," said the witness, anti-
cipating the lawyer: "I have answered
the question. I knowed the prisoner when
he was a boy two feet long and a man five
feet ten."

" It's fact, Jedge, Fm under oath," per-
sisted the witness.

The lawyer arose, placed both hands on
the table in front of him, spread his legs
apart, leaned his body over the table and

"Will you tell the Court what you know

"That ain't hia name," replied the wit-

"What ain't his name?"

" Case."

"Who said it wast"

" You did. You wanted to know what
Smith."

plucking his beard out by the roots, "will

"Witness," said the Judge, "you must
answer the questions put to you."

f'Land o' Goshen, Jedge, hain't I been
doin' it? Let the blamed cuas fire away.

"Then," said the lawyer, "don't beat
about the bush any more. You and the
prisoner have been friends?"

"Never," promptly responded the wit-

" What I Wasn't you summoned here
as a friend?"

"No sir; I was summoned here as a
Presbyterian. Narry one of us was ever
Friends. He's an old-line Baptist, without
a drop of Quaker in him."

" Stand down," yelled the lawyer in dis-
gust.

"Hey?"

" Stand dowu."

"Can't do it. I'll sit down or stand
up "

" Slieriir, remove the man from the box."

Witness retires, muttering : " Well, if he
ain't the thick- headedest uuss I ever laid
eyes on." — Ulica Observer.

" I has been axed several times o' late,"
remarked Brother Ganlner as he opened
the meeting in his usual bland manner, " if
we war* to have any new mottoes or prov-
erbs or maxims fur de summer Pezun. De
Committee on Sayin's has handed in the
follerin' bill o' fare fur hot weather : ' He
who sleeps by day will hunger by night.'
'Industry am de peg on which Plenty
hangs her hat.' 'Argyment makes three
enemies to one friend.' ' Men who go to
law mus' expect to eat deir 'taters widout
salt.' * De biggest balloon kin be packed
in a bar*! M-hen de gas am out.' De rattle
of de empty wagon kin be heard furder dan
de rumble of de loaded one.' " — Detroit Free
Press.

The Common-sense Binder.

This convenient receptacle for holding
and preserving the Journal should bo in
possession of every subscriber. It is to all
intents and puqposcs a complete bindrr, and
will contain all the numbers for four years
Mailed for \$1.50.

"?%

VK r VlOXUK.VAL

And TEACHERS' GUIDE.

PabUiphed Monthly at «1 per \

iDfl* [DMrtloD. 30 oral* per hae DonpwvU.

ID V^m |m!oO \$mM \$l^SM

LIBERAL INDUCEMENTS.

iKft AodTlrw-ti^ " woure, nol only Ibe piitfono«* of
kll !!,<•« who u« iDterw.*.! >D .Vlllfiil writiDK or twwhiD*.

To ftll who rwnil »l. w« will moil lh« JoUIWAr. ono

book' of Artltiic Pennmn.hlp '•; or. for 1125. a copy
boand In olollt. For ti tb« " Han.l book," tn clotb, and
the "Standanl Pmcilcn) Pramaiiahlp," vill bolh be
mftlled irtih lb« Bnr copy ol Ihe JOUIISAL.

The Cmlenola) Piolura of Progt«a> 9Sx38.

*■ Ploori*b«l Bairle 34x32.

■ Bouudioji Stag Mx39.

■; LordsPmyer 19xM.

'■ Family Reoorf. ."!".!!!"!!!"!!! 1)6x22!

" Marriage CertlBcate 18l2S.

Th> priM of eacb of these *rorka, by mail, U SO oeois

FarlttelvembM^riplioni

and »12 we will send a nopy

prire K. Or. a copy ot ■

Of P«ninan«bip "; relaU. fo

|5.

TO CLUBS:

Wllhoot a BPECIAI. pre

mall the JOUitRAL. one yea

er tta rollowe:

aco^lei \$1.75

J :: 300

jSO ;; ^,50

The H5oa.book will be mailwi to olubt at 95 ceuta ( In

The JOUSKAL will be 1m

led tta nearly as poMible on

alter de«i«rned for iniertioo

Remlttaiioe«*biiu1d be by

PENMAN'S

LONDON

AOENCV.

SiibMtttplloni to tbe P

V-MAS'8 ART JOUKNAL, or

promptly aileudod lo by the

INTERNATIONAL

NEWS COMPANY

uvene Street. [Fleet St.],

I<oital-canl lo subM be

opped unUI the tubMsriplioo

New York

July, 1883.

Til.- ColUffe Record for Juno, and tlio
College Quarterly for July, of Jacksouvillp,
in., coiitaiQ soinowliat extended articles liy
G. W. Brown, proprietor of ihe Jaekson-
villo Business College, coinl)Htiiig the ideas
advanced tlirough recent numbers of the
taught. We do not propose to ci
iuto the disoussion of this innttc
personal interview and discussic
Brown at the late Convention in Washing-
ton wo aro convinced that the chief diffcr-
onoe between his and our views consists in
tho difference of construction placed upon
tho term " business-wriiiog " — he using it
in tlie sense of practical writing, or that
In that sense wo agree with Mi. Brown
that it can be and is successfully taught.

characteristicD of the writer, into, as it were.
a distinct pereooality, which staods for and
reprr.icntij its author and nobody elsi-. Such
writing can be no more appropriated by
another pen<i>ii than can thr> physique of its
antluT, and is. we jimriii iintraeliublc.

Exhibits at the ConventioD.

One of the interesting features of the hite
Convention was tlic nuinerniis specimens
of penmanship there exhibited — some of
which exhibits were of professional work,
wliilo many others were arninged for ex-
hihiling the result of school -work. Among
the former were numerous specimens of
flourishing and drawing by R. S. Collins,
of Kings MoimtJiin, N. C. ; an engrossed
testimonial to Charles .Stewart Parnell, by
.lohn O. T. McCarthy, of War Department,
Washington, D. C. ; specimens of flourish-
ing, writing and drawing, liy C- N. Crandle,
Penman at tho Western Normal College
and Commercial Institute, Bushnell, III.;
a finely executed specimen of illumination,
in gill and colors, was exhibited by Jiiines
B. Philp, of Washington. From the office
of the Penman's Art Journal were ex-
bibited a scrap-bnoU containing specimens
from various penmen of the United States
of the original pen-and-ink designs, witii
copies of the same, reproduced by photo-
engraving and photo-lithography, in forms
of diplomas, certificates, testimonials, coin-
mcreial forms, etc.

Hanging upon the walla, in the college-
rooms and balls, were a large number of
exquisitely executed specimens of practical
and ornamental penmanship from the pens
of H. (' and L. P. Spencer.

G. W. Brown, of the Jacksonville ( 111.)
cimens of good practical writing, executed
by teachers and pupils of his institution.
Similar and very creditable speciiuens were
exhibited by A. S. Osborne, penman at the
KochcBter ( N. Y.) Business Uuiveisity.
There were also on exhibition a largo
number of specimens collected from the
writing departments of the public schools of
Washington, wbich were of exceptional

New Versus Old and Tried Ideas
and Methods.

Re-iolutions transmitted to tbe Conven-
tion by Prof. W. p. Cooper, of Kiugsville,
Ohio, presented to the Association by a
resolution offered by R. C. Spencer, of Mil-
waukee, Wis., with remarks complimentry

. Mr. Co

A Trap that Catches.

Any visitor to Washington who fails to

the Seci

Servi(

Burt

the

r further
From a
with Mr.

3 have

icd till

applied to tho best style of practical writ-
ing as taught in schools and colleges, re-
molded and fixed, as it is sure to be, by the
eiigenaes of business life and tbe personal

Treasury Department will miss one of tli
most interesting sights of that city of
wonders. There are exhibited all the
various kinds and styles of counterfeit
money, paper and coin, which, from time
to time, have been captured by tho United
States detectives, together with the photo-
graphs of all the persons who have been
arrested f<.r making or passing such money.
There will be seen counterfeits of all grades
of excellence, and by every conceivable
method known— notes so finely engraved
as to deceive the very elect, and others so
pooriy made as to excite wonder that
any one dare offer it, or that any one
could receive it as genuine. There are
several notes exquisitely executed with a
pen and brush, which have passed many
times as current money; even the siken
fibre which is now introduced into the
pajior upon which all government notes
and bonds are printed was finely imitated

Remarks of Mr. Spencbb upon the
Resolutions Offered by Him.

Mr. President: I desire to present to
the Association a series of resolutions by
Prof. WUliain P. Cooper, King8ville,Ohio,
who was for some years actively engaged
in business colleges. Mr Cooper not only
attained high rank as a teacher of penman-
ship, but bec^ime known as a aentleman of
liberal attainments, rare intellectnal en-
dowments, and social qualities. His retire-
ment from college work, on account of im-
paired health, was cause of general regret.
Mr. Cooper's interest in the profession is
manifest by the resolutions which I have
the honor to present, prepared by him. I
ask that tbe resolutions be published in
the Proceedings.

Resolution.s Offered uy
R. C- Spencer.

Whereas Prof. William P. Cooper, of
Kiugsville, Ohio, an accomplished teacher of
ppnmanship.for many ye rs identified with
business colleges, has, by reason of impaired
health, been obliged to relinquish regular
professional labor; Therefore

ResoUtd, That we extend to Prof. Cooper
assurances of our appreciation of his faith-
ful and efficient services to the eauje in
which he still retains the deepest interest.
Kinosville, Ohio, July, 1883.

Sesolved, That while we favor free dis-
cussion in everything legitimately belong-
ing to the science or art of peumanship.
also the methods of teaching accounts, we
cannot help urging the many and able
authors in our day. placing their views in
type, to consider well the soundness of

liingtheti
lie, they i'

i.l t.bcy .-.li,

i cesse t

,-ith

pen.

is Mr. James
)se markedly
scarcely sug-

J. Brooks, a gentlcm
courteous and pleasant
gestive of a chief of rogue- catchers, but the
spoils of his craft bear evidence that he is a
terrible snare in the way of the usurper of
Uncle Sam's money-making prerogative.

Notice.

The stock of Ames's Compendiums is ex-
hausted; no more can be mailed. A revised

and greatly improved edition is now in
course of preparation, and will be au-

defensible .
lie. TliHt,

Resolved, That we cannot believe all
things mutable and changeable in the mat-
ters of Art and Education, or that the beau-
tiful is simply what we are pleased to im-
agine it. Certain ideas, certain methods,
and certain principles will be sound forever;
others admit of change or improvement.
Once having discovered the truth and the
best way in any or to any degree, we ask the
people to stick to it, and to discriminate
carefully in regard to points of departure
in any direction. There may be schools of
art, in the matter of penmanship, -each hav-
ing some merit, though a widely varying
degree. Careful discussion is a good thing;
reckb ss discussion will do little less than
blind fools and puzzle the best.

Resolved, That we have and do appre-
ciate and respect, defend and honor the
pioneers of modes, methods and systems in
our business or profession. We will, also,
judge liberally of new ideas and new men.

Resolved, That in our Conventions hith-
erto we have, through excess i f good feel-
ing, perhaps, or friendliness, seemed to tol-
erate impracticable methods, both new and
old.

Resolved, That we absolutely and un-
qualifiedly ignore the idea of irresponsibili-
ties, irresponsible agents, aiithors, editors,
or teachers. The men of the new innova-
tion Imve not shouldered their respon-
sibilities, and met the hardships of pioneers,
who have thus vindicated their methods.

Resolved, That while they cheerfully unj
dertake the tutorship of the young, they
hope to receive in charge the hope and prom-
ise of the country — properly disciplined, in
all things,for acceptance and training. Home
and public school training will be expected
to have dune their part. What we under-
take is on the hypothesis that this is true.

Resolved, That, inasmuch as the Ameri-
can people have reached a development and
proficiency superior to most, if not all,
other people in this branch, and that this
it is to be hoped that the boards of educa-
tion and the teachers of the public schools
all over tbe country will, in all jiossii-lo
ways, support and aid the teachers of this
branch, in future, and for such a labor they
should receive the thanks of the counirv.

Sample copies of tbe Jodhnal, 10 »

The King Club

For this mouth numbers fyty eight, and
Comes from the " banner-town," and is sent
by E. K. Isaacs, principal of tbe penman-
ship department of the Northern Indiana
Normal Sch<)ol and Business Institute, Val-
paraiso, Ind. We do not know the popu-
lation of Valparaiso, but over 2,000 stib-
soriptions have been received from there
during a period of a little more than two
years. We imagine, however, that if sub-
scriptions were received pro rata through-
out the United States, we should be mail-
And why nott We believe the Journal
to be a good investment to every learner
and teacher of writiug in the land, and we
believe that the chief difference between the
large proportionate number sent from Val-
paraiso is duo to the manner in which the
merits of the Journal have been pre-
sented, and that with like influence at work,
proportionately large clubs might he se-
cured in every scliool and town in the
United States and Canada. We also be-
lieve that the teacher who induces a pupil
or acquaintance to subscribe is a benefactor
to that pupil ; the teacher puts into the
pupil's hand, at noniiual cost, an agency
that will teud largely to interest and en-
courage tbe pupil, thereby supplementing
to a powerful degree the teacher's work.
Teachers, try it !

The second club in si^e jmmhecs thirteen,
and comes from C. E. Baird, A.B., man-
ager of the biisineaa department of the E. I.
Normal School, Portland, Me.

Clubs of ten each come from P. R. Cleary,
Fowlerville, Mich., and L. B. Lawson,
Haywards, Cal.

While this is not tbe time for large or
numerous clubs, yet they have been more
than usually active for the vacation season.

Our Thanks and Sympathy,

To Mr. M. D. Casey, of the Tieasuiy
Department, Washington, wo tender our
most sincere thanks for his kind and gener-
ous hospitality while in Washington, and
also express our most profound sympathy
and condolence with him in the very sudden
and unlooked-for bereavement with which
he was stricken during the period of the
Convention, iu tbe death of his dearly be-
loved wife. We heg to tender him our
kindest wishes, and to express to 'him a
hope that we may yet have an opportunit
to reciprocate his hospitality.

Delay of the "JournaL"

Owing to a combination of several ad-
verse circumstances, the issue of the present
number of the Journal has been delayed
considerably beyond its usual time of issue.
Wo shall endeavor to mail the August
number on or before the 15th of that
month.

More Delegates.

which recently held a Conventiiyi at the
National Capital, has, under different names
and auspices, been iu existence for the last
fifteen years, and shows an enrollment dur-
ing that time of several hundred member.';.
It is important that the educational busi-
ness houses, located at commercial centres,
not represented in the last Convention,
should send delegates to the next Conven-
tion, which is to assemble at Rochester,
N. Y. New Orleans, St. Louis, Atalanta,
Louisville, San Francisco, Buffalo, Brook-
lyn, Philadelphia, and quite a number of
other principal cities, should not fail to be
fully represented in the Convention of 1884.

The Hand - book ( in paper ) is now
offered free as a premiuifi to every person
remitting \$1 for one year's subscription to
tbe Journal. Or, handsomely bound in

AH I aoCKNAlJ

=^T*i«^Fr-

Striking Resemblance.

aware that H. C. and H. A. Speocer are
twio brothers, and so closely reeenibliog
each other as to orten be niistakeD one for
the other by even their iotimate ac^^uatot-
ance-*. (tf thnm the Wa.*hinfjton liepubU-
can published, io connecliou with it« report
or the CoDventioD, the fullon-ing anecdote:

The sinking rMemblaiice of two roembera of
the Convenlion has b«en the occasion ot ludi-
crous coDfaaion more than once during the
present meeting. The two gentlemen are Mr.
II. C. Spencer, president of the Spenrerian
Buainess college in this city, and Mr. H. A.
Speiicer of New York. They are twin hrolh-
era uf exactly the «ame sislure and build, the
dame hair, complexion, eyea, and expreeston.
When one gets np to vpeak theCouveulion has
to be informed which it is. The vuicee are
hUo the same. A delegate suggested that a
blue ribbon should be tied around the arm of
one to distinguish bim from the other. The
morning H. A. Spencer arrived here from
New York he went to the Holly Tree reslau-
raut to take brenkfael. The colored waiter
looked on in blank wonderment, and while
Mr. Spencer wna paying bis hill was overheard
to nay to a brolliur waiter, " Dat manV gut de
most rav'aoUH appetite 1 ever see in my life.
Why, look here, he was in here at 9 o'clock
'v.actly, and had beefsteak, bam and eggs, fried
potatoes, and coffee. Now it's a ([uarler to ten
'/actly, and he's jus' had mutton chops, ham

A New College Building.

Cards of invitation an' is.supd to
cercmoay of laying a cunier-stooe <
new building for the Eastman Busi:
College at Poiighkeepsie, N. Y.

From the comments on the personnel of
the ConveDtion by the Washington Repub-
lican we abstract the follovriog:

Among the delegates attending the meeting
of the Association there are a number of noted
bnaineSB educators. Prof. S. S. Packard, ot
Packard's New York City Business college, is
a famed teacher. Hie institution trains over
l,Ol>0 Bludente per annum. He is i>7 years of
age, but looks younger, as he ie slender and
erect, and his face clearly ohaven. He has
been in the business thirty years. He is the
author of the well known Bryant and Strat-
ton's Book-keepingt*. He has also bad a va-
ried literary and newspaper experience. He
first published the famous article of Oliver
Dyer on John Allen— "The Wickedest Man
in New York.' He edited Bryant and Strat-
ton'i Magazine from IK^7 to 'CO; subsequently
he was editor of Packard'a Monthly, a credita-
ble literary venture.

A prominent Rgure in the Association is the
Hon. Ira Mahew, of Detroit. He was form-
erly state superintendent of instruction in the
state of Michigan, aud while holding this
position saw the necessity of a more practical
business education than that afforded hj the

Obituary.

We nre deeply paiocd to learn of the
very sudden death from hemorrbiigc, of
C. W. Rice, which occurred on the 4th
iDst., at Ecstes Park, Colorado, where he
had Just gone to pass his vacation, and ap-
parently in the full eujoyinent of health.
Mr. K. was a youag penmaD of rare skill
and proiniso, having taught in several of
and waa engaged aa teacher of writing in
the Deiiver~{Col.) Business College at the
time of his deccise. He was highly
esteemed by all who knew him, alike for
his fine social qualities and professional at-
tainments. At a meeting of the Faculty
and students of the Denver Business Col-
lege, the following resolutions of respect to
his worth and memory wero unanimously

Whereas, I'he Divine Ruler of the uni-
verse has removed from our midst our dear
friend and teacher, Professor Cha'los W-
Rice ; therefore, recognizing his worth and
the loss sustained by his many friends
throughout the United States and Canada,
and bowing with humble tuhmissiou to the
will of the Almighty,

Resolved, That in his life aud character,
as exemplified by his every word and act,
we recognize a young gentleman of excel-
lent moral character aud many talents.

Resolved, By the death of the deceased
the community sustains the loss of a good

J. B. D., MiTuing Stm, Io«a.— Please
answer the following questions through the
JntTBNAL. 1st. Is professional penman-
ship injurious to one with weak lungs T 2d.
Can I Icam to teach penmanship {by rend-
ing) wilhout going to school f 3d. Why
are there so many failures m teaching pen-
mansh```